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Ruairidh James Macleod - The Concept of Temporality in John Dewey's Early Works (2015 thesis) - Academic Commons
Ruairidh James Macleod, 2015, The Concept of Temporality in John Dewey's Early Works, Columbia University Academic Commons, http://dx.doi.org/10.7916/D8M044XW : -- It is well understood that a concept of temporality is central to Dewey’s later work, finding its culmination in his essay “Time and Individuality” (1938). What has not been either acknowledged or established is the fact that a detailed and sophisticated concept of temporality, one which is fully in accord with his later work, was already present in Dewey’s early work, particularly in his essay “The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology” (1896). This thesis therefore seeks to demonstrate not only that such a concept of temporality exists in Dewey’s early work, but also the nuanced nature of that concept of temporality, particularly in its function as a central, grounding component of the preconditions required for Dewey’s concept of experience. (..) this thesis argues that it in fact constitutes a key contribution to a tradition of philosophy of temporality which starts with the work of Henri Bergson, continues with the philosophy of Martin Heidegger (most saliently with Being and Time), and finds its full contemporary statement in Gilles Deleuze’s work on time, based on his concept of ‘the virtual.’ The fact that Dewey’s concept of temporality, as with that of Deleuze, is based on a sophisticated understanding of contemporary scientific findings is also explored, with the argument made that possessing such a foundation in scientific thought allows Dewey’s concept of temporality to become fully compatible to current research in psychology, particularly as it concerns educational psychology. -- downloaded pdf to Note
thesis  downloaded  intellectual_history  18thC  20thC  philosophical_anthropology  mind  consciousness  time  time-perception  subjectivity  Dewey  pragmatism  psychology  physiology  neuroscience  Bergson  Heidegger  Deleuze  education  learning 
april 2016 by dunnettreader
Massimo Pigliucci, review - The Singular Universe and the Reality of Time - Scientia Salon 2015
He likes it quite a lot - downloaded as pdf to Note along with a second part that deals with the math portion of the book -- couldn't get the pdf to contain content beyond the pdf first page - saved to Instapaper
Instapaper  books  reviews  kindle-available  downloaded  cosmology  time  philosophy_of_science  physics  mathematics  from instapaper
february 2016 by dunnettreader
Martin Meisel, “On the Age of the Universe” | BRANCH
The Charles Darwin-inspired debate over the Age of the Earth that pitted contemporary Physics against the theory and practice of contemporary Geology was intimately tied to recent unsettling projections on the thermodynamic fate of the universe. The leading voices in the debate were William Thomson, later Lord Kelvin, and Thomas Henry Huxley, Darwin’s most able champion. The argument—resolved only in the next century—has exemplary value as an intractable dissonance between two vigorous and well established, but not entirely secure scientific disciplines. And its content laid some of the groundwork for the pessimism that qualified the cult of progress and the whiggish habits of cultural and material complacency towards the end of the century. - reviews 18thC theories as well -- download pdf to iPhone-DBox
universe-age  Shelley_Mary  Shelley  Cuvier  Buffon  cosmology  age_of_the_earth  Darwin  Darwinism  entropy  Byron  time  intellectual_history  evolution  physics  astronomy  geology  18thC  Kelvin  downloaded  Franklin_Ben  chronology  19thC  history_of_science  law_of_conservation 
january 2016 by dunnettreader
Gerard Passannante - Homer Atomized: Francis Bacon and the Matter of Tradition (2009) | JSTOR - ELH
ELH, Vol. 76, No. 4 (Winter, 2009), pp. 1015-1047 -- extensive primary and secondary bibliography from Renaissance philology through Montaigne, Bacon, Vico and 18thC German challenges to Homeric "authorship" as well as ancient literary tradition, epistemology, cosmology and physics - Stoics, Epicureans -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  intellectual_history  literary_history  historiography  cosmology  epistemology  philology  natural_philosophy  ancient_Greece  ancient_Rome  Hellenism  Homer  atomism  Stoicism  Epicurean  Cicero  Lucretius  authors  author_intention  text_analysis  time  void  chance  Renaissance  humanism  Erasmus  17thC  18thC  scepticism  Montaigne  Bacon  Vico  Nietzsche  tradition  cultural_transmission  knowledge  bibliography  downloaded 
november 2015 by dunnettreader
John Sellars - Aiôn and Chronos: Deleuze and the Stoic Theory of Time (2007) | Academia.edu
[published in Collapse 3 (2007), 177-205] -- Gilles Deleuze outlines a supposedly Stoic dual theory of time: on the one hand there is aiôn, comprising an infinite past and future; on the other there is chronos, the extended present. In the scholarly literature on Stoicism, however, either a single theory is reconstructed or the evidence is dismissed as too thin and incoherent. I offer an explanation for this distance between the Deleuzian and scholarly presentations of the Stoic theory of time. I conclude by answering the question to what extent, if any, the Deleuzian theory of aiôn and chronos deserves to be called Stoic.-- downloaded pdf to Note
article  Academia.edu  intellectual_history  ancient_philosophy  late_antiquity  commentaries  Diogenes_Laertius  Plutarch  Stoicism  time  cosmology  ontology  20thC  Deleuze  poststructuralist  postmodern  downloaded 
november 2015 by dunnettreader
Tim Radford, review - The Copernicus Complex by Caleb Scharf – a cosmic quest | Books | The Guardian September 2014
Tim Radford's The Address Book: Our Place in the Scheme of Things is published by 4th Estate. -- With optical super-telescopes we might soon see not just distant, Earthlike planets but even the signature of life in their atmospheres. At any moment, a radiotelescope might start to pick up a message from a civilisation far away and long ago in the galaxy. In either case, humans would no longer be alone, and the Earth not such a special place. In either case, there would still be questions about the conditions that make life possible. To resolve some of these questions, Scharf, an astrophysicist and astrobiologist, proposes a new "cosmo-chaotic" principle that might explain here and now, and us and the "them" that we think must exist, somewhere. Life, he argues, may perhaps only be possible at the borders of calm and chaos, where the accidents of matter and motion dictate change and variation without overwhelming the emerging entities, and this in turn might make sentient life a natural but very rare event. Scharf does not have the answers. His book is an intoxicating collection of questions answered with other questions, and startling discoveries that make creation even more mysterious. A couple of decades ago, physicists spoke confidently of a "theory of everything" and one or two even proposed an "end to science". All has now changed. The mysteries have multiplied. Forget the tricksy parenthesis in the subtitle. Skip past an early tendency to label scientists as budding, and science as cutting-edge. This book expands, like spacetime itself, from a very small point. It begins with the microscope pioneer Antony van Leeuwenhoek's famous discovery in Delft in 1674 of a microcosm in a drop of lake water, and it ends with speculation about a lonely civilisation, 100bn years on, in a freezing vacuum that no longer contains information about anything. Books such as these remind us that we are lucky to be here at all, and even luckier to be here now.
books  reviews  kindle-available  cosmology  big_bang  biology  chaos_theory  time  history_of_science 
september 2014 by dunnettreader
Jonathan Gorman - Hayden White as analytical philosopher of mind | Rethinking History Vol. 17, Iss. 4, 2013 - Special Issue : Hayden White’s " Metahistory " 40 Years On - Taylor & Francis Online
Philosophers and historians in Cambridge did not recognise either the relevance or the importance of Metahistory when it was published in 1973. The reasons are here explained in terms of the nature of the analytical tradition: the principled distinctiveness of analytical philosophy from (1) history, (2) speculative metaphysics, and (3) political morality. Following an analysis of ‘analysis’, Metahistory is argued to be an exercise in the recovery of paradigm cases in Strawsonian descriptive metaphysics that offers the outlines of an advanced philosophy of mind and philosophy of time. -- Jonathan Gorman is Emeritus Professor of Moral Philosophy at the Queen's University of Belfast. His books in philosophy of history are The Expression of Historical Knowledge (Edinburgh 1982), Understanding History (Ottawa 1992) and Historical Judgement (Stocksfield 2007), and he has many articles and reviews in theory of history journals and collections. He continues to apply analytic pragmatic philosophy to historical thought, and writes also in other branches of philosophy and in legal theory.
article  paywall  find  intellectual_history  20thC  post-WWII  historiography  narrative  analytical_philosophy  ordinary_language_philosophy  speech-act  philosophy_of_history  mind  time  metaphysics  Strawson_PF  political_philosophy  moral_philosophy  EF-add 
august 2014 by dunnettreader
Devin Henry - "The Failure of Evolution in Antiquity" in Blackwell Companion to Ancient Science, Medicine and Technology (2014)
Devin Henry, The University of Western Ontario -- This paper traces the emergence and rejection of evolutionary thinking in antiquity. It examines Empedocles' original theory of evolution and why his ideas failed to gain traction among his predecessors. -- Devin Henry. "The Failure of Evolution in Antiquity" Blackwell Companion to Ancient Science, Medicine and Technology. Ed. Georgia Irby. Blackwell-Wiley, 2014. -- downloaded pdf to Note
intellectual_history  history_of_science  philosophy_of_science  natural_philosophy  biology  ancient_philosophy  ancient_Greece  evolutionary_biology  evolution  time  downloaded  EF-add 
july 2014 by dunnettreader
"THE INTELLIGIBLE CREATOR-GOD AND THE INTELLIGENT SOUL OF THE COSMOS IN" by Jason G. Rheins | Penn Dissertations
Advisors - Charles H. Kahn and Susan Sauvé Meyer, Paul Guyer -- When Plato discusses the World-soul, cosmic intellect (nous), and the Demiurge, he approaches them theologically, i.e. as being the subjects of an account of the nature of the gods, but few works in the last half-century or more have addressed the ‘players’ in Plato’s theology as such. -- I analyze Plato’s various accounts of those divine things that are immanent in the world of change (e.g. the World-soul) and those that are said to be transcendent intelligibles (e.g. the Forms and the Demiurge) in order to determine what Plato’s gods are, and what roles they play in his system. -- The invention of the World-soul is revealed to be Plato’s way of instantiating intellect in the cosmos in order to suit the demands of his natural and moral philosophy, while his esoteric account of the Demiurge resolves any tensions between his immanent theology and his metaphysics, and suggests, semi-literally, the role that timeless, intelligible goodness plays in organizing the sensible world of change. -- Rheins, Jason G., "THE INTELLIGIBLE CREATOR-GOD AND THE INTELLIGENT SOUL OF THE COSMOS IN PLATO’S THEOLOGY AND METAPHYSICS" (2010). Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations. Paper 184. -- downloaded pdf to Note
intellectual_history  ancient_philosophy  ancient_Greece  religious_history  theology  metaphysics  moral_philosophy  creation  gods-antiquity  God-attributes  God-existence  immanence  transcendence  forms  ideas-theories  Plato  change-metaphysics  cosmology  good  time  timeless  downloaded  EF-add 
july 2014 by dunnettreader
Alastair Wilson, ed - Chance and Temporal Asymmetry (2014) - Oxford University Press
Tackling the perplexing philosophical problems raised by recent progress in the physics and metaphysics of chance and time. How do the probabilities found in fundamental physics and the probabilities of the special sciences relate to one another? Can a constraint on the initial conditions of the universe underwrite the second law of thermodynamics? How does contemporary quantum theory reframe debates over the nature of chance? What grounds do we have for believing in a fundamental direction to time? ..bold new proposals are made concerning (inter alia) the semantics of chance-attributions, the justification of the Principal Principle connecting chance and degree of belief, and the source of the temporal asymmetry of human experience. *--* Alastair Wilson: Introduction --1: Toby Handfield & Alastair Wilson: Chance and Context --2: Christopher J. G. Meacham: Autonomous Chances and the Conflicts Problem --3: Carl Hoefer: Consistency and Admissibility: Reply to Meacham --4: Wolfgang Schwarz: Proving the Principal Principle --5: Alan Hájek: A Chancy 'Magic Trick' --6: Aidan Lyon: From Kolmogorov, to Popper, to Rényi: There's No Escaping Humphreys' Paradox (When Generalized) --7: Antony Eagle: Is the Past a Matter of Chance? --8: David Z. Albert: The Sharpness of the Distinction Between the Past and the Future --9: L. A. Paul: Experience and the Arrow --10: David Wallace: Probability in Physics: Stochastic, Statistical, Quantum --11: Mathias Frisch: Why Physics Can't Explain Everything --12: Brad Weslake: Statistical-Mechanical Imperialism --13: Jessica Wilson: Hume's Dictum and Natural Modality: Counterfactuals --14: Alexander Bird: Time, Chance, and the Necessity of Everything
books  kindle-available  metaphysics  philosophy_of_science  quantum_physics  physics  time  probability  modality  counterfactuals  necessity  chance  epistemology  belief  laws_of_nature 
june 2014 by dunnettreader
Richard Marshall interview with Alastair Wilson - Multiverses and sleeping beauty » 3:AM Magazine June 2014
Alastair Wilson is a Vulcan somewhere else in the multiverse. He thinks about what a metaphysics of science might be and never stops contemplating the Everettian multiverse, which he thinks is one of the most beautiful ideas in the history of science. It’s a theory that he thinks shows physicists to be less conservative than philosophers. He looks at the philosophical puzzles connected with it, criticises overlapping worlds, is puzzled by questions of identity criteria, thinks Sleeping Beauty has an important connection to the theory, is less sure about crystal balls and indecisive Gods, thinks it is definitely science and can’t be junked, thinks the laws of nature are metaphysically necessary, has deep thoughts on quiddities, and has things to say about the spats between metaphysicians and scientists.
metaphysics  philosophy_of_science  modality  modal_logic  multiverse  cosmology  quantum_physics  physics  time  ontology  emergence  chance  probability  necessity  laws_of_nature  bibliography  Quine  EF-add 
june 2014 by dunnettreader
John Michael Corrigan - The Metempsychotic Mind: Emerson and Consciousness | JSTOR: Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 71, No. 3 (July 2010), pp. 433-455
Makes a case for Emerson taking metempsychosis seriously - a widespread interest in Indian religion combined with esotericism - unity of thought across Eastern and Western traditions, Neoplatonism etc - to deal with increased time dimension from geology and eventually Darwinism. Explains part of Nietzsche's attraction and eternal recurrence? Surveys recent literature on Emerson and the Transcendentals, how they're embraced by postmodernism. -- didn't download
article  jstor  intellectual_history  19thC  US  Emerson  idealism  metempsychosis  Indian_religion  esotericism  Neoplatonism  soul  consciousness  Hegelian  time  EF-add 
february 2014 by dunnettreader
The Politics of Systems and Environments, Part I -- TOC | JSTOR: Cultural Critique, No. 30, Spring, 1995
(1) Introduction: The Politics of Systems and Environments (pp. 5-13) William Rasch and Cary Wolfe [downloaded pdf to Note] *-- (2) Realism/Anti-Realism: A Debate (pp. 15-32) Adam Muller and Paisley Livingston. *-- (3) In Search of Post-Humanist Theory: The Second-Order Cybernetics of Maturana and Varela (pp. 33-70) Cary Wolfe. *-- (4) Making the Cut: The Interplay of Narrative and System, or What Systems Theory Can't See (pp. 71-100) N. Katherine Hayles. *-- (5) Blinded Me with Science: Motifs of Observation and Temporality in Lacan and Luhmann (pp. 101-136) Jonathan Elmer. *-- (6) Systems Theory According to Niklas Luhmann: Its Environment and Conceptual Strategies (pp. 137-170) Dietrich Schwanitz. *-- (7) Why Does Society Describe Itself as Postmodern? (pp. 171-186) Niklas Luhmann. *-- (8) Response to Luhmann (pp. 187-192) Peter Uwe Hohendahl. *-- (9) Immanent Systems, Transcendental Temptations, and the Limits of Ethics (pp. 193-221) William Rasch. *-- (10) Rethinking the beyond within the Real (Response to Rasch) (pp. 223-234)
Drucilla Cornell
journal  article  jstor  social_theory  political_philosophy  metaphysics  metaethics  epistemology  ontology-social  philosophy_of_science  moral_psychology  systems_theory  posthumanism  postmodern  cybernetics  information  narrative  Luhmann  pragmatism  time  subject  objectivity  paradox  critical_realism  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
Eyal Chowers - The Physiology of the Citizen: The Present-Centered Body and Its Political Exile | JSTOR: Political Theory, Vol. 30, No. 5 (Oct., 2002), pp. 649-676
Shift from civic humanism's optimistic view of man's capacity to build for the future and control sociopolitical environment to pessimistic view of capacity of citizens under raison d'Etat -- 16thC and 17thC increasingly focused on multipart, shifting self and passions vs reason rather than the development of a stable character that Renaissance humanism concerned with. Ties shift to new views of anatomy (eg Harvey) and connections between physiology and psychology and impact on different notions of time relative to self, society and politics. -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  intellectual_history  political_philosophy  cultural_history  natural_philosophy  15thC  16thC  17thC  British_history  France  Italy  Italian_Wars  Renaissance  humanism  civic_humanism  civic_virtue  republicanism  raison-d'-état  Absolutism  emotions  physiology  psychology  medicine  self  time  Machiavelli  Montaigne  Descartes  Gassendi  Hobbes  Locke  Harrington  Harvey  identity  character  mechanism  thinking_matter  mind  mind-body  bibliography  downloaded  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
In the Middle: Confessio lapidis - Jeffrey Cohen - Feb 2012
Introduction to the last chapter of his book draft - see other post re impact of Aristotle and anima on 13thC notions of souls (tripartite for human - vegetative, sensible, rational), classification of material world, and Albertus Magnus opus on minerals, insisting they had no souls yet assigning agency to features of particular minerals especially as linked with biology, human usage.

Now held in the Bodleian Library, the Fairfax 3 manuscript of John Gower’s Confessio Amantis contains on its opening page a vivid illustration of an episode narrated later in the poem’s prologue: the biblical king Nebuchadnezzar is dreaming in bed (fol. 002r, upper left corner). A tall man, seemingly composed of a variety of materials, looms in menacing stillness over his sleeping form. This figure’s face is turned towards the slumbering king and thus cannot be discerned by us. A craggy boulder levitates behind and above the bed, at eye level to the standing form. As we read the poem itself (Prol. 585–880) and perhaps recall the story told in the Book of Daniel upon which it is based, we realize that this rock is hurtling, meteor-like, from the side of a mountain to a fateful rendezvous with an immense statue haunting Nebuchadnezzar’s sleep. The stone, small because approaching from such distance, will smash the strange form to dust “With which ston al tobroke was … al was into pouldre broght” 621, 623). Gower follows Daniel in describing the statue as a monstrous embodiment of human time, smashed when “A gret ston from an hull on hyh / Fel doun of sodein aventure” (618-19). This knowledge makes the illustration come to life. The rock becomes kinetic and perilous: the boulder hurtles towards the bed, towards the menacing statue, and therefore towards us.
medieval_history  Medieval  English_lit  Biblical_allusion  Golden_Age  time  eschatology  materialism  posthumanism 
december 2013 by dunnettreader

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