dunnettreader + systems_theory   14

Mario Bunge, Considérations d'un philosophe sur l'économique du néo-conservatisme néo-libéralisme (1986)
Mario Bunge, “Considérations d'un philosophe sur l'économique du néo-conservatisme (néo-libéralisme)” in ouvrage sous la direction de Lizette Jalbert et Laurent Lepage, Néo-conservatisme et restructuration de l’État. Canada - États-Unis - Angleterre. Première partie : Lectures du néo-conservatisme (pp. 49 à 70) Collection Études d’économie politique. Montréal : Les Presses de l’Université du Québec, 1986, 274 pp.
Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
social_democracy  capitalism  neoclassical_economics  market_fundamentalism  downloaded  systems_theory  Labor_markets  political_economy  neoconservatism  neoliberalism  post-WWII  etexts  Thatcher  Reagan 
february 2016 by dunnettreader
Richard Cantillon, An Essay on Economic Theory, Chantal Saucier, trans., Mark Thornton, ed. (2010) Books | Mises Institute
Mark Thornton and Chantal Saucier have accomplished the arduous task of bringing forth a new and improved translation of Cantillon’s famous work. Heretofore the only English translation of the Essai available has been the 1931 edition produced by Henry Higgs for the Royal Economic Society. Though competent, it has become less serviceable over time, as more and more of its shortcomings devolved (not the least of which is the antiquated use of “undertaker” in place of “entrepreneur”). Saucier provides a more accurate and lucid account, better suited to the 21st century. Thornton’s hand shows not only in competent guidance of the translator but in the inclusion of numerous explanatory footnotes that add historical context. Robert F. Hébert writes the foreword. -- downloaded pdf to Note
books  etexts  intellectual_history  18thC  France  Cantillon  political_economy  economic_theory  value-theories  systems_theory  business_cycles  financial_system  interest_rates  FX  capital_flows  banking  profit  risk  entrepreneurs  agriculture  demography  natural_resources  labor  capital  money  money_supply  money_market  mercantilism  trade-policy  trade-theory  downloaded 
february 2015 by dunnettreader
Thornton, Mark. "Cantillon on the Cause of the Business Cycle." - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics (2006) | Mises Institute
Thornton, Mark. "Cantillon on the Cause of the Business Cycle." The Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics 9, No. 3 (Fall 2006): 45–60. -- Richard Cantillon was the first economist to successfully examine the cyclical nature of the capitalist economy. He lived at a time (168?–1734) when the institutions of the modern capitalist economy were first fully and widely established and the first major business cycles occurred. In contrast to the Mercantilists, Cantillon was an astute observer who developed a clear economic understanding of money, banking, international trade, and stock markets because this is where he risked his capital and earned his fortune. He modeled the economy as an interconnected whole and developed what we now know as the circular-flow model of the economy and the price-specie-flow mechanism of international money movements. He discovered that markets were regulated by the movements of prices based on supply and demand and identified equilibrating tendencies with market exchange. -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  intellectual_history  18thC  France  Cantillon  political_economy  economic_theory  economic_culture  business_cycles  mercantilism  speculative_finance  capital_markets  capital_flows  banking  money  money_market  systems_theory  FX  gold_standard  trade_finance  trade_deficits  trade-policy  prices  equilibrium  downloaded 
february 2015 by dunnettreader
Pei Wang - A General Theory of Intelligence [an e-book under development] | Home
This eBook is an attempt to establish a theory that identifies the commonality within various forms intelligence, including human intelligence, computer intelligence, animal intelligence, alien intelligence, group intelligence, etc. -- NARS (Non-Axiomatic Reasoning System) - Most of the existing AI inference works with semi-axiomatic systems, which attempt to make partial extension or revision of mathematical logic, while keeping the other parts. What AI really needs are non-axiomatic systems, which do not assume the sufficiency of knowledge and resources in any aspect of the system. NARS is a concrete example of non-axiomatic system which uses a formal language "Narsese" to represent goals, actions, and beliefs.The basic unit of the language is term, which can be thought of as the name or label of a concept in the system. (..) The meaning of a term is determined by its extension and intension, which are the collection of the inheritance relations between this term and other terms, obtained from the experience of the system. NARS includes three variants of the inheritance relation: similarity (symmetric inheritance), implication (derivability), and equivalence (symmetric implication). (..)The meaning of a compound term is partially determined by its logical relations with its components, and partially by the system's experience on the compound term as a whole. Event is a special type of statement that have a time-dependent truth-value. Operation is a special type of event that can occur by the system's decision. Goal is a special type of event, that the system is attempting to realize, by carrying out certain operations. Beside goals to be achieved, NARS can accept tasks that are knowledge to be absorbed and questions to be answered. (..)If a event is judged to imply the achieving of a goal, then the desirability of the event is increased, and the system will also evaluate its plausibility(..). When an event is both desirable and plausible, the system will make the decision to turn the event into a goal to be actually pursued. The basic function of inference rules in NARS is to derive new beliefs from current beliefs.
etexts  books  intelligence  artificial_intelligence  mind  systems-complex_adaptive  systems-reflexive  systems_theory  epistemology-social  cognition  cognition-social  agent-based_models  logic  inference  decision_theory  rationality  rationality-bounded  learning  website  EF-add 
november 2014 by dunnettreader
Bichler, Shimshon and Nitzan, Jonathan - The Asymptotes of Power - Real-World Economics Review. No. 60. June 2012. pp. 18-53 | bnarchives
Article workup of earlier conference paper -- This is the latest in a series of articles we have been writing on the current crisis. The purpose of our previous papers was to characterize the crisis. We claimed that it was a 'systemic crisis', and that capitalists were gripped by 'systemic fear'. In this article, we seek to explain why. The problem that capitalists face today, we argue, is not that their power has withered, but, on the contrary, that their power has increased. Indeed, not only has their power increased, it has increased by so much that it might be approaching its asymptote. And since capitalists look not backward to the past but forward to the future, they have good reason to fear that, from now on, the most likely trajectory of this power will be not up, but down. The paper begins by setting up our general framework and key concepts. It continues with a step-by-step deconstruction of key power processes in the United States, attempting to assess how close these processes are to their asymptotes. And it concludes with brief observations about what may lie ahead. -- Keywords: capitalization distribution power, systemic crisis -- Subjects: BN Money & Finance, BN Conflict & Violence, BN Distribution, BN Resistance, BN Power, BN Region - North America, BN Business Enterprise, BN Capital & Accumulation, BN Value & Price, BN Class, BN Crisis -- downloaded pdf to Note, also Excel data sheet
article  international_political_economy  capital_as_power  financial_system  international_finance  global_economy  global_system  ruling_class  transnational_elites  elite_culture  elites-self-destructive  globalization  power-asymmetric  Great_Recession  financial_crisis  finance_capital  financialization  distribution-income  distribution-wealth  profit  labor_share  risk-systemic  inequality  plutocracy  1-percent  conflict  violence  class_conflict  neoliberalism  corporate_citizenship  systems-complex_adaptive  systems_theory  grassroots  opposition  democracy  democracy_deficit  accumulation  capitalization  US_politics  US_economy  political_economy  political_culture  economic_culture  elites  rebellion  failed_states  property_rights  business-and-politics  business-norms  economic_growth  fear  data  capitalism-systemic_crisis  downloaded  EF-add 
october 2014 by dunnettreader
Alex Rosenberg - Paul Krugman’s Philosophy of Economics, and What It Should Be » 3:AM Magazine
All the New Classical economists need to defend the dominant “paradigm” in economics against Krugman and other dissenters are the tools he grants them—maximization and equilibrium. -- Rosenberg then goes into Keynes, Knight, Soros re uncertainty and reflexivity. Comes up with too strong a conclusion that since economics is an historical science, you can't make predictions. But there's a big difference between predictions of a long term outcome, or even a specific business cycle and yet have history-confirmed principles that, e.g. fiscal policy should be countercyclical or that a balance sheet recession is unlikely to push prices up, and monetary policy loses traction so it's not going to generate inflation, or a monetary union without a fiscal union and consolidated banking regulation is likely to blow up. Worse, Rosenberg is reiterating the false myth that the Keynesian thinking couldn't explain the 1970s and the New Classicals could. History contradicts the macro implications of EMH, Ricardian equivalence, RBC, etc. Actually it was Friedman monetarism that "explained" the 1970s, and when Friedman theory was attempted in the 1980s it had to be abandoned since it simply didn't work. The New Classicals were initially along for the monetarism ride and consolidated ideologically in academia by ignoring real world failures, which were relatively unimportant during the Great Moderation which they claimed to have produced or at least understood.
economic_history  intellectual_history  economic_theory  macroeconomics  microfoundations  neoclassical_economics  Keynesian  political_economy  philosophy_of_social_science  methodology  monetarism  monetary_policy  fiscal_policy  causation-social  mechanism  systems_theory  complexity  risk-systemic  uncertainty  probability 
september 2014 by dunnettreader
George F.R. Ellis | Personal Page
Links to extensive number of books he has authored or co-authored and to speeches and papers -- Teaching and research interests: *-* General Relativity theory and its application to the study of the large-scale structure of the universe (cosmology). *-* The history and philosophy of cosmology. *-* Complex systems and emergence of complexity. *- * The human brain and behaviour. *-* Science policy, developmental issues. *-* Science and mathematics education. *-* The relation of science to religion.
philosophy_of_science  philosophy_of_religion  cosmology  physics  neuroscience  mind  mind-body  reductionism  causation  emergence  complexity  systems_theory  systems-complex_adaptive  science-and-religion  EF-add 
september 2014 by dunnettreader
Eric D. Beinhocker : Reflexivity, complexity, and the nature of social science - Journal of Economic Methodology [Soros special issue] - Volume 20, Issue 4 - Taylor & Francis Online
pages 330-342 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- In 1987, George Soros introduced his concepts of reflexivity and fallibility and has further developed and applied these concepts over subsequent decades. This paper attempts to build on Soros's framework, provide his concepts with a more precise definition, and put them in the context of recent thinking on complex adaptive systems. The paper proposes that systems can be classified along a ‘spectrum of complexity’ and that under specific conditions not only social systems but also natural and artificial systems can be considered ‘complex reflexive.’ The epistemological challenges associated with scientifically understanding a phenomenon stem not from whether its domain is social, natural, or artificial, but where it falls along this spectrum. Reflexive systems present particular challenges; however, evolutionary model-dependent realism provides a bridge between Soros and Popper and a potential path forward for economics.
article  philosophy_of_science  philosophy_of_social_science  epistemology  methodology  complexity  Soros  reflexivity  intentionality  evolution-as-model  Popper  scientific_method  downloaded  EF-add  systems-complex_adaptive  systems-reflexive  systems_theory  economic_theory  economic_models  EMH  rationality-economics  rational_expectations  information-markets  cognition  cognition-social  falsification  neuroscience  uncertainty  laws_of_nature  covering_laws  causation  explanation  prediction 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
The Politics of Systems and Environments, Part II -- TOC | JSTOR: Cultural Critique, No. 31, Autumn, 1995
(1) Introduction (pp. 5-6) William Rasch and Cary Wolfe. *-- (2) Theory of a Different Order: A Conversation with Katherine Hayles and Niklas Luhmann (pp. 7-36) Katherine Hayles, Niklas Luhmann, William Rasch, Eva Knodt and Cary Wolfe. *-- (3) The Paradoxy of Observing Systems (pp. 37-55) Niklas Luhmann. *-- (4) On Environmentality: Geo-Power and Eco-Knowledge in the Discourses of Contemporary Environmentalism (pp. 57-81) Timothy W. Luke. *-- (4) The Autonomy of Affect (pp. 83-109) Brian Massumi. *-- (5) Pre- and Post-Dialectical Materialisms: Modeling Praxis without Subjects and Objects (pp. 111-127) Marjorie Levinson. *-- (6) Adorno, Ellison, and the Critique of Jazz (pp. 129-158) James M. Harding. *-' (7) The Signifying Corpse: Re-Reading Kristeva on Marguerite Duras (pp. 159-177) Karen Piper. *-- (8) Empowerment Through Information: A Discursive Critique (pp. 179-196) Marie-Christine Leps
journal  article  jstor  social_theory  systems_theory  epistemology-social  environment  geopolitics  geography  affect  materialism  Luhmann  Adorno  information  political_participation  subject  objectivity  paradox  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
The Politics of Systems and Environments, Part I -- TOC | JSTOR: Cultural Critique, No. 30, Spring, 1995
(1) Introduction: The Politics of Systems and Environments (pp. 5-13) William Rasch and Cary Wolfe [downloaded pdf to Note] *-- (2) Realism/Anti-Realism: A Debate (pp. 15-32) Adam Muller and Paisley Livingston. *-- (3) In Search of Post-Humanist Theory: The Second-Order Cybernetics of Maturana and Varela (pp. 33-70) Cary Wolfe. *-- (4) Making the Cut: The Interplay of Narrative and System, or What Systems Theory Can't See (pp. 71-100) N. Katherine Hayles. *-- (5) Blinded Me with Science: Motifs of Observation and Temporality in Lacan and Luhmann (pp. 101-136) Jonathan Elmer. *-- (6) Systems Theory According to Niklas Luhmann: Its Environment and Conceptual Strategies (pp. 137-170) Dietrich Schwanitz. *-- (7) Why Does Society Describe Itself as Postmodern? (pp. 171-186) Niklas Luhmann. *-- (8) Response to Luhmann (pp. 187-192) Peter Uwe Hohendahl. *-- (9) Immanent Systems, Transcendental Temptations, and the Limits of Ethics (pp. 193-221) William Rasch. *-- (10) Rethinking the beyond within the Real (Response to Rasch) (pp. 223-234)
Drucilla Cornell
journal  article  jstor  social_theory  political_philosophy  metaphysics  metaethics  epistemology  ontology-social  philosophy_of_science  moral_psychology  systems_theory  posthumanism  postmodern  cybernetics  information  narrative  Luhmann  pragmatism  time  subject  objectivity  paradox  critical_realism  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
William Rasch and Cary Wolfe - Introduction: The Politics of Systems and Environments | JSTOR: Cultural Critique, No. 30 (Spring, 1995), pp. 5-13
Introduction to 2 special issues devoted to using Systems Theory as the foil for sorting out "what is to be done" on the Left in the aftermath of constructivist and postmodern "theory" that has deconstructed the rationalist and idealist traditions - humanist, materialist,etc with limited resources to address the depoliticization and managerial trends, as well as the fragmentation of identity, multiculturalism, post colonialism. They use demise of representationalism - in both epistemological and political senses, as organizing theme for the problems as well as what areas new philosophy and social theory must solve. They adopt the postmodern assumptions of dialectic replaced by difference with possibilities of aporias, the death of the subject relative to objects, replaced by subject position, post (or anti?) Humanism with environment and cybernetics becoming key new elements, non-foundationalism, and demise of logocentrism. -- downloaded pdf to Note -- see bookmarks for issue TOCs
article  jstor  intellectual_history  20thC  social_theory  metaphysics  epistemology  postmodern  constructivism  systems_theory  pragmatism  Marxism  complexity  philosophy_of_science  managerialism  subject  objectivity  paradox  downloaded  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
Special Issue on Niklas Luhmann -- TOC | JSTOR: New German Critique, No. 61, Winter, 1994
(1) Systems Theory and the System of Theory (pp. 3-7) William Rasch and Eva M. Knodt. *-- (2) The Modernity of Science (pp. 9-23) Niklas Luhmann and Kerstin Behnke. *-- (3) Speaking and Silence (pp. 25-37) Niklas Luhmann and Kerstin Behnke. *-- (5) Luhmann's Systems Theory as a Theory of Modernity (pp. 39-54)
Harro Müller and Larson Powell. *-- (6) In Search of the Lyotard Archipelago, or: How to Live with Paradox and Learn to like It (pp. 55-75) William Rasch. *-- (7) Toward a Non-Foundationalist Epistemology: The Habermas/Luhmann Controversy Revisited (pp. 77-100) Eva Knodt. *-- (8) Making Contingency Safe for Liberalism: The Pragmatics of Epistemology in Rorty and Luhmann (pp. 101-127) Cary Wolfe. *-- (9) Civil Society and Political Theory in the Work of Luhmann and beyond (pp. 129-142) Andrew Arato and Niklas Luhmann. *-- (10) Luhmann's Progeny: Systems Theory and Literary Studies in the Post-Wall Era (pp. 143-159)
Robert Holub
journal  article  jstor  20thC  social_theory  civil_society  political_philosophy  systems_theory  Luhmann  epistemology  literary  studies  cultural_history  cultural_critique  philosophy_of_science  technology  modernity  postmodern  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader

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