dunnettreader + social_democracy   17

Jeffrey Edward Green - Rawls and the Forgotten Figure of the Most Advantaged: In Defense of Reasonable Envy toward the Superrich (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
This article aims to correct the widespread imbalance in contemporary liberal thought, which makes explicit appeal to the "least advantaged" without parallel attention to the "most advantaged" as a distinct group in need of regulatory attention. Rawls's influential theory of justice is perhaps the paradigmatic instance of this imbalance, but I show how a Rawlsian framework nonetheless provides three justifications for why implementers of liberal justice—above all, legislators—should regulate the economic prospects of a polity's richest citizens: as a heuristic device for ensuring that a system of inequalities not reach a level at which inequalities cease being mutually advantageous, as protection against excessive inequalities threatening civic liberty, and as redress for a liberal society's inability to fully realize fair equality of opportunity with regard to education and politics. Against the objection that such arguments amount to a defense of envy, insofar as they support policies that in certain instances impose economic costs on the most advantaged with negative or neutral economic impact on the rest of society, I attend to Rawls's often overlooked distinction between irrational and reasonable forms of envy, showing that any envy involved in the proposed regulation of the most advantaged falls within this latter category. - downloaded via iphone to dbox
politics-and-money  political_participation  inequality-wealth  regulatory_capture  political_philosophy  political_culture  tax_havens  Early_Republic  inequality  estate_tax  intellectual_history  inheritance  republicanism  Plato-Republic  elites-political_influence  Jefferson  Harrington  crony_capitalism  Europe-Early_Modern  fairness  article  Aristotle  social_capital  social_theory  Rawls  social_democracy  Machiavelli  Plato  inequality-opportunity  jstor  bibliography  ancient_Rome  regulation  justice  liberalism  egalitarian  regulatory_avoidance  interest_groups  legitimacy  deliberative_democracy  political_history  class_conflict  downloaded  education-elites  social_order  elites-self-destructive  Roman_Republic  ancient_Greece  republics-Ancient_v_Modern 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Nina Boberg-Fazlic & Paul Sharp - Welfare Spending Lessons from Pre-Industrial England | LSE blogs - Oct 2016
Cutting welfare spending is unlikely to lead to an increase in private voluntary work and charitable giving, explain Nina Boberg-Fazlic and Paul Sharp. Using historical data from late eighteenth and early nineteenth century England, they illustrate how parts of the country that saw increased levels of spending under the Poor Laws also enjoyed higher levels of charitable income.
local_government  social_democracy  Poor_Laws  Labor_markets  UK_economy  Tories  welfare  Industrial_Revolution  unemployment  UK_politics  philanthropy  demography  British_history  19thC  economic_history  18thC  agriculture-productivity  landowners  population_growth 
october 2016 by dunnettreader
Les usages de la peur dans la mondialisation: Entretien avec Zygmunt Bauman - Desaunay, Fœssel and Padis | JSTOR - Esprit 2005
Les usages de la peur dans la mondialisation: Entretien avec Zygmunt Bauman -- Zygmunt Bauman, Cécile Desaunay, Michaël Fœssel and Marc-Olivier Padis, Esprit, No. 316 (7) (Juillet 2005), pp. 71-98 -- Loin d'uniformiser la planète, la mondialisation provoque un morcellement des espaces et une montée de la peur. Comment, dans ces conditions, penser une mondialisation positive qui ne signifierait pas l'abandon de la politique sociale, pensée jusqu'ici dans le cadre de l'État-nation? -- downloaded pdf to Note
interview  jstor  political_economy  globalization  French_intellectuals  French_language  EU_governance  European_integration  global_governance  universalism  fragmentation  competition  status  hierarchy  inequality  inequality-global  nation-state  imagined_communities  welfare_state  neoliberalism  solidarity  social_theory  economic_sociology  economic_culture  social_order  social_democracy  downloaded 
march 2016 by dunnettreader
Mario Bunge, Considérations d'un philosophe sur l'économique du néo-conservatisme néo-libéralisme (1986)
Mario Bunge, “Considérations d'un philosophe sur l'économique du néo-conservatisme (néo-libéralisme)” in ouvrage sous la direction de Lizette Jalbert et Laurent Lepage, Néo-conservatisme et restructuration de l’État. Canada - États-Unis - Angleterre. Première partie : Lectures du néo-conservatisme (pp. 49 à 70) Collection Études d’économie politique. Montréal : Les Presses de l’Université du Québec, 1986, 274 pp.
Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
social_democracy  capitalism  neoclassical_economics  market_fundamentalism  downloaded  systems_theory  Labor_markets  political_economy  neoconservatism  neoliberalism  post-WWII  etexts  Thatcher  Reagan 
february 2016 by dunnettreader
Nadeem J. Z. Hussain and Lydia Patton - Friedrich Albert Lange | Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy August 2012 revision of original May 2095
Friedrich Albert Lange (b. 1828, d. 1875) was a German philosopher, pedagogue, political activist, and journalist. He was one of the originators of neo-Kantianism and an important figure in the founding of the Marburg school of neo-Kantianism. He also played a significant role in the German labour movement and in the development of social democratic thought. His book, The History of Materialism, was a standard introduction to materialism and the history of philosophy well into the twentieth century. -- 1. Life and Intellectual Career -- 2. Pedagogy -- 3. The Labor Question -- 4. Neo-Kantianism ** 4.1 The Ethical Standpoint of the Ideal ** 4.2 Logic and Scientific Methodology -- downloaded as pdf to Note
intellectual_history  19thC  Germany  German_scholars  Lange_FA  neo-Kantian  Hegelian  German_Idealism  materialism-19thC  materialism  historiography-19thC  philosophy_of_science  epistemology  epistemology-moral  epistemology-naturalism  ancient_philosophy  atomism  logic  scientific_method  socialism  labor  capitalism  Industrial_Revolution  social_democracy  physiology  mind  perception  sensation  Kant-ethics  bibliography 
september 2015 by dunnettreader
John Dunn, ed. - The Economic Limits to Modern Politics (1992) | Cambridge University Press
The central problem of modern government and political action is how to choose and implement effective economic policies. For this reason, the economic considerations of public policy have assumed a more prominent place in contemporary political thought. Despite efforts among political scientists, economists, and sociologists to fathom the complexities of this added dimension, none of these solid sciences offers a satisfying approach to the problem. This volume attempts to display the historical novelty and intellectual importance of this dilemma, to uncover its origins, and to procure a remedy through a clearer and steadier focus. The book's contributors range from historians of ideas to economic theorists, who bring the approach of their own intellectual discipline to bear upon the issue. **--** Introduction, John Dunn *-* 1. The economic limits to modern politics, John Dunn *-* 2. The wealth of one nation and the dynamics of international competition, Istvan Hont *-* 3. The political limits to pre-modern politics, J. G. A. Pocock *-* 4. The economic constraints on political programs, Frank H. Hahn *-* 5. International liberalism reconsidered, Robert O. Keohane *-* 6. Capitalism, socialism, and democracy: compatibilities and contradictions John Dunn. -- ebook Adobe Reader - not clear whether in kindle format -- excerpt (10 ogs Intro) downloaded pdf to Note
books  kindle-available  17thC  18thC  19thC  20thC  intellectual_history  economic_history  political_history  political_philosophy  political_economy  judgment-political  public_policy  capitalism  competition-interstate  economic_growth  development  raison-d'-état  British_history  British_politics  British_Empire  trade  trade-policy  Great_Divergence  economic_theory  political_culture  economic_culture  macroeconomic_policy  Innovation  innovation-government_policy  collective_action  property_rights  Labor_markets  redistribution  fiscal_policy  fiscal-military_state  Davenant  Smith  social_order  social_democracy  liberalism  elites-political_influence  IR_theory  globalization  international_political_economy  public_finance  public_goods  class_conflict  downloaded 
august 2015 by dunnettreader
Luca Corchia - Europe: The debate between Habermas and Streeck about the Left and Europe’s future | Reset Dialogues on Civilizations - 25 March 2014
Over the next few months the press and television networks will one again focus on European events, returning the interest of Italian public opinion to these matters, and this will take place on the basis of the pressing timeframe dictated by political issues. In a few weeks’ time the election campaign for a European Union’s parliament, scheduled for May 22-25, will be fully under way in all 28 member states. -- check out footnotes -- downloaded pdf to Note
EU  EU_governance  Eurozone  ECB  Great_Recession  financial_crisis  Greece-Troika  democracy  democracy_deficit  legitimacy  elections  capitalism-systemic_crisis  capitalism-varieties  capital_as_power  Eurosceptic  European_integration  elites  elites-self-destructive  parties  social_democracy  right-wing  nationalism  nation-state  national_interest  political_press  political_culture  economic_culture  Habermas 
july 2015 by dunnettreader
José Luis Martí & Félix Ovejero - « Républicanisme et participation citoyenne. Réponse à "La démocratie directe de la Puerta del Sol" » | La Vie des idées - Sept 2011
José Luis Martí et Félix Ovejero répondent à l’analyse du mouvement des indignés espagnols proposée dans la Vie des idées par Eva Botella, et prennent la défense de Philip Pettit. Son républicanisme est certes attentif aux risques d’excès de démocratie, mais rien dans sa théorie politique, qui valorise la délibération publique, ne s’oppose aux réclamations du mouvement du 15M. -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  political_history  political_culture  Spain  political_philosophy  republicanism  political_participation  social_movements  socialism  social_democracy  democracy  democracy_deficit  Pettit  parties  partisanship  faction  downloaded  EF-add 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
Gabriel Entin & Jeanne Moisand, « Débats autour du 15M. Républicanisme, démocratie et participation politique », | La Vie des idées, Sept 2011
Links to articles in their Débats" -- Nous accueillons les échanges entre philosophes, historiens et politistes, au sujet de la participation politique et de l’interprétation de la pensée républicaine en Espagne et dans nos démocraties. Ces débats, relativement méconnus en France, sont nés de l’emprunt par José Luis Zapatero de références au républicanisme de Philip Pettit pour légitimer son programme et son action. En 2008, le philosophe a cautionné ces emprunts en publiant un diagnostic positif sur la dimension républicaine du premier gouvernement Zapatero. Se revendiquer du républicanisme conduirait-il dès lors à défendre l’ordre institutionnel et à s’opposer aux «Indignés» de mai 2011 ? Leurs revendications d’une participation politique plus intense et plus démocratique ne seraient-elles pas républicaines ? Grâce aux réactions suscitées par cet article, La Vie des Idées peut aujourd’hui approfondir le débat. Les réponses de Philip Pettit et de ses collaborateurs espagnols sont complétées par les essais d’historiens, d’un politiste et d’un sociologue. Le 15M donne ainsi l’occasion de réfléchir sur le républicanisme et sur la participation démocratique en Espagne, dans le monde hispanique et dans les mouvements sociaux actuels.
article  links  political_philosophy  political_culture  Spain  Latin_America  local_government  local_politics  republicanism  democracy  democracy_deficit  political_participation  Pettit  social_movements  political_history  social_democracy  socialism 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
Clause IV [British Labour Party constitution] - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Adopted in 1918, the clause proclaimed that the party endorsed an economy where there was "common ownership" of the means of production. 1944 Labour Party victory seen as a mandate for nationalization, though the party had no well-developed plans. They proceeded rapidly to address major sectors and "commanding heights", starting with the Bank of England, and moving rapidly on: civil aviation in 1946, railways and telecommunications in 1947, along with the creation of the National Coal Board, which was responsible for supplying 90% of UK's energy needs. 1946 also saw the establishment of the National Health Service which came into force in July 1948. Also in 1948 came the nationalisation of railways, canals, road haulage and electricity. By 1951 the iron, steel and gas industries had been brought into public ownership. When they lost the general election of 1959, leader Gaitskell blamed it on nationalization becoming unpopular. It was a topic of ongoing intra-party disputes for the next few decades. Arguing that the text of clause 4 confused ends and means and ignored the necessity of ongoing need to modernize the party's approach as the nature of the economy changed, Blair made the party finally revise the text in 1995 -- seen by pundits as the moment when New Labour finally defeated the old guard, though the new text describes the party as "democratic socialist" thereby retaining "socialist" in the party's "modernized" constitution.
British_history  political_economy  British_politics  20thC  Labour  post-WWII  nationalization  socialism  social_democracy  utilities  transport  health_care  energy  post-Cold_War  Blair_Tony  neoliberalism  Third_Way  unions 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
Brad DeLong - My "Sisyphus as Social Democrat: A review of 'John Kenneth Galbraith: His Life, His Politics, His Economics', by Richard Parker," ( Grasping Reality...)
One of his series, "Hoisted from the Archives": J. Bradford DeLong (2005), "Sisyphus as Social Democrat: A review of John Kenneth Galbraith: His Life, His Politics, His Economics, by Richard Parker," Foreign Affairs May/June 2005. - diwnloaded pdf to iPhone
article  book  review  biography  intellectual_history  20thC  political_economy  economic_sociology  economic_theory  US_economy  US_politics  post-WWII  entre_deux_guerres  Great_Depression  WWII  US_government  US_foreign_policy  Keynesian  institutional_economics  liberalism  social_democracy  Galbraith_JK  downloaded  EF-add 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
Chris Dillow - For worker control | Stumbling & Mumbling - Dec 2014
Neal Lawson is absolutely right. Social democracy is "hopelessly prepared for the 21st century." This is because it is yet another example of an idea that has outlived its usefulness. Social democrats used to think that they did not need to challenge the fundamental power structures of capitalism because, with a few good top-down economic and social policies, capitalism could be made to deliver increased benefits for workers and the poor in terms both of rising real wages and better public services. (..) Secular stagnation means real incomes mightn't grow much. Globalized (pdf) labour markets and mass unemployment might exacerbate the effect of this in depressing real wages. Job polarization and the degradation of once-good jobs means workers face deteriorating job quality. And (self-imposed) austerity means that what economic growth we do get won't translate into better public services. Times have changed. So the left must change. Neal says: "Instead of pulling policy levers, the job is to create the platforms so that people can collectively change things for themselves." There's one context in which this is especially necessary - the workplace.
21stC  political_economy  stagnation  labor  wages  social_democracy  left-wing  corporate_governance  worker_co-ops  unions  managrrialism  corporate_citizenship  common_good  profit  links  ideology  power-asymnetric 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
Matt Breunig - Toward a New Liberalism, Part II | Demos Dec 2013
Interestingly, the status quo discourse appears to be that trying to work the employer channel is the more hardcore and left-wing strategy. In reality of course, putting everything from health insurance to retirement security to vacations to child leave in the hands of employers just empowers them against workers. If you want to take on the boss, the best way to do that is to have your well-being secured socially, not privately.

Beyond the mainly aesthetic point about what is the most radical thing to do, there is a practical point here as well. In a world of increasing precarity where the one-employer-for-life model is dying or dead, it makes very little sense to run what amounts to social insurance schemes through the employer channel. Basic insurance against hardship is not insurance at all if it comes and goes with employment.
public_policy  liberalism  social_democracy  welfare  social_insurance  Labor_markets  inequality 
december 2013 by dunnettreader
Marion Fourcade and Kieran Healy: Moral Views of Market Society (2007)
JSTOR: Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 33 (2007), pp. 285-311 --- This item contains 160 reference(s). --- Downloaded pdf to Note --- Upon what kind of moral order does capitalism rest? Conversely, does the market give rise to a distinctive set of beliefs, habits, and social bonds? These questions are certainly as old as social science itself. In this review, we evaluate how today's scholarship approaches the relationship between markets and the moral order. We begin with Hirschman's characterization of the three rival views of the market as civilizing, destructive, or feeble in its effects on society. We review recent work at the intersection of sociology, economics, and political economy and show that these views persist both as theories of market society and moral arguments about it. We then argue that a fourth view, which we call moralized markets, has become increasingly prominent in economic sociology. This line of research sees markets as cultural phenomena and moral projects in their own right, and seeks to study the mechanisms and techniques by which such projects are realized in practice.
social_theory  social_democracy  economic_history  moral_philosophy  capitalism  20thC  21stC  downloaded  EF-add 
august 2013 by dunnettreader

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