dunnettreader + morality-innate   5

Herbert Gintis - Gene–culture coevolution and the nature of human sociality | Royal Society - Issue Theme "Human Niche Construction" - Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B, 27 March 2011, vol. 366, no. 1566, 878-888
Human characteristics are the product of gene–culture coevolution, which is an evolutionary dynamic involving the interaction of genes and culture over long time periods. Gene–culture coevolution is a special case of niche construction. Gene–culture coevolution is responsible for human other-regarding preferences, a taste for fairness, the capacity to empathize and salience of morality and character virtues. -- Keywords: gene–culture coevolution, sociobiology, epistatic information transfer -- Published 14 February 2011 doi: 10.1098/rstb.2010.0310 -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  gene-culture_coevolution  sociobiology  social_theory  genetics  cultural_change  social_process  niche_construction  evolution  evolution-social  evolutionary_biology  human_nature  character  preferences  altruism  fairness  empathy  moral_sentiments  moral_psychology  morality-innate  morality-conventional  virtue  tradition  cultural_transmission  evolution-group_selection  downloaded  EF-add 
february 2015 by dunnettreader
Kenan Malik - A BOOK IN PROGRESS [PART 17]: SCIENCE, NIHILISM & MORALITY | Pandaemonium - June 2012
This extract is from the section that unpacks Alex Rosenberg’s arguments about morality in his book The Atheist’s Guide to Reality. -- For Mackie, cultural variations in moral norms provided evidence for the truth of nihilism. Rosenberg, on the other hand, finds that evidence in the lack of cultural variation in the most important values, in the existence of a core, shared morality. Leaving aside the question of whether nihilism itself is a plausible account of moral life, it is possible that both Mackie and Rosenberg are right about moral norms. It is not implausible that humans posses a small number of evolved, shared moral beliefs, surrounded by an ocean of culturally variable norms. -- The debate about the degree to which moral norms are shared across cultures and the extent to which they vary remains unresolved. A century ago the argument for cultural variation held sway. More recently the idea of an evolved set of cultural and moral universals found favour. There are signs now of a swing back in the pendulum; recent research has plausibly, if controversially, claimed that even traits that had seemed unquestionably evolved and universal – such as facial expressions, for instance, or language – may be far more culturally varied than once thought. Given this debate, Rosenberg is not giving a scientific account of how natural selection may have shaped our moral norms, but is rather telling a story, a story of the kind he is so dismissive about in histories, biographies, the humanities and literature, but one that is often less persuasive because he seems so cavalier with both fact and observation.
books  reviews  kindle-available  moral_philosophy  intellectual_history  morality-objective  morality-conventional  morality-innate  evo_psych  evolution-social  metaethics  EF-add 
may 2014 by dunnettreader
Francis Hutcheson - An Inquiry into the Original of Our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue - Online Library of Liberty
Francis Hutcheson, An Inquiry into the Original of Our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue in Two Treatises, ed. Wolfgang Leidhold (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2004). 5/5/2014. <http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/2462>
etexts  18thC  moral_philosophy  Hutcheson  morality-innate  moral_sentiments  Shaftesbury  Mandeville  aesthetics  beauty  virtue  downloaded  EF-add 
may 2014 by dunnettreader
Amazon.com: Herbert Gintis' review of Paul Bloom, Just Babies: The Origins of Good and Evil - Feb 2014
C Bloom argues that humans have an innate moral sense in the same way that we have innate predispositions for many other social behaviors, such as communicating with language, living in families, and cooperating effectively with strangers. The basic material in support of this idea comes from laboratory and field work with human groups (see my edited volume, Moral Sentiments and Material Interests, MIT Press, 2005 for description and bibliography). Bloom argues that even very young children have moral sensibilities, and that these grow with age not only because children are taught to be moral, but also through the maturation of the brain as a child grows into adulthood, and through the use of reason as an adult.

Bloom depends on his authoritative knowledge about children to press his message, but in fact after the first two chapters, most of the experimental evidence involves adults, and he insightfully discusses may issues inspired by everyday social observation. I found his social analysis very well written and often insightful. Bloom never simply regurgitates the received wisdom on a topic, but constantly supplies his own interpretation, which is often superior.
books  reviews  kindle-available  amazon.com  moral_psychology  morality-innate  morality-conventional  moral_sentiments  EF-add 
march 2014 by dunnettreader
Vivienne Brown - The Dialogic Experience of Conscience: Adam Smith and the Voices of Stoicism | JSTOR: Eighteenth-Century Studies, Vol. 26, No. 2 (Winter, 1992-1993), pp. 233-260
Lots of Shaftesbury and the Stoics as well as Hutcheson before she gets into TMS. Published right before her book, so undoubtedly covers some of the topics in the book -- though don't know how much Bakhtin was in the book -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  intellectual_history  ancient_philosophy  18thC  social_theory  moral_philosophy  moral_sentiments  morality-innate  sociability  Stoicism  recognition  self-love  self-and-other  sympathy  conscience  Bakhtin  bibliography  downloaded  EF-add 
february 2014 by dunnettreader

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