dunnettreader + links   96

NOAA's "Arctic Change" website - Permafrost "home" page
"Home" page for Permafrost-related materials - Permafrost is now included in the Arctic Report Card as an indicator that gets updated every 2-4 years.
website  US_government  science-government_research  NOAA  climate  carbon_budget  COP21  Arctic  links  report 
october 2016 by dunnettreader
David Rumsey Historical Map Collection | David Rumsey Map Center Opens at Stanford
The David Rumsey Map Center opens April 19, 2016 at Stanford.  Rumsey has donated both his physical and digital map collections to Stanford where they will be housed in the new Rumsey Map Center facility in the Bing Wing of the Green library. The online library at www.davidrumsey.com will continue to operate in parallel to and integrated with the resources available at the Stanford Rumsey Map Center.  See this article about the opening in the Stanford Report online, and another article at KQED about the opening, the exhibition, and opening events.  Additional articles at National Geographic, Wired, Smithsonian, Science, l'editiondusoir (France), and Open Culture.  Listen to a June 15, 2016 interview with David Rumsey and the Head of the Rumsey Map Center, Salim Mohammed, on KQED Forum.
digital_humanities  maps  website  interview  links 
july 2016 by dunnettreader
A Guide to Leonard Bernstein's Candide
Michael H. Hutchins is the site developer - though Sondheim wrote lyrics only for a few new numbers in revivals that didn't use the original Hellemann book, or adjusted a few lyrics to make songs fit in new places in a revised narrative, Hutchins has done a fantastically detailed look at all the stages the musical composition, production and recordings have gone through.
post-WWII  composers  Voltaire  musical_theater  website  reviews  links  theater  music_history  audio 
april 2016 by dunnettreader
Lexica (links) | THESAURUS LINGUAE GRAECAE - UC Irvine
As part of its lemmatization project, the TLG® digitized a number of Greek lexica. Headwords are linked to the TLG® texts so that the user can do a search in the TLG® corpus through the dictionaries. The following lexica are currently available: *--* The Liddell-Scott-Jones (LSJ) lexicon was released in February 2011. *--* Cunliffe's Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect was our second project released in September 2012. *--* Powell's Lexicon to Herodotus.was released in June 2014 as part of the beta release of the TLG new site. *--* Thanks to an agreement with the Austrian Academy of Sciences, the TLG® has recently developed a digital version of the Lexikon zur Byzantinischen Gräzität (LBG). *--* This project is ongoing with more lexica soon to be added to this site..
website  links  dictionary  ancient_Greece  Greek_lit  Homer  Herodutus 
september 2015 by dunnettreader
Reading Darayavush the Great Behishtun inscription - Brad DeLong's Grasping Reality
King Darayavush says: That is why we are called Haxamanishya; from antiquity we have been noble; from antiquity has our dynasty been royal. Eight of my dynasty were kings before me; I am the ninth.… links to materials on archaeological stages of understanding this was by Darius on the Persian Empire
ancient_history  Persia  empires  archaeology  links  government-forms  monarchy 
august 2015 by dunnettreader
Cyrus the Great & Human Rights | heritageinstitute.com
» Suggested prior reading: Early Persian History. Formation of Persia and the Achaemenian Dynasty » Related reading: Cyropaedia by Xenophon Cyrus and the Creation of the Persian Empire… links to YouTube of Director of British Museum re the information inscribed on the cylinder -- compares the story as told in the Bible, from "the handwriting on the wall" through Isaiah -- it's clear that Cyrus adopted an approach to governing his far-flung empire as multicultural, multi-religious traditions -- the Jews weren't the only culture to be permitted to return to their homelands from Babylon with their gods and sacred relics -- and, with Cyrus' support, rebuild their temples and holy sites
website  links  archaeology  ancient_history  Mesapotamia  Persia  empires  religious_history  religious_culture  Judaism  Judaism-2nf_Temple  Bible-as-history  government-forms  human_rights 
august 2015 by dunnettreader
Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas, Maurice Obstfeld - Understanding past and future financial crises | VOX, CEPR’s Policy Portal
Summary of their long paper, see bookmark -- Reposted 21 July 2015 - What explains the different effects of the crisis around the world? This column compares the 2007–09 crisis to earlier episodes of banking, currency, and sovereign debt distress and identifies domestic-credit booms and real currency appreciation as the most significant predictors of future crises, in both advanced and emerging economies. It argues these results could help policymakers determine the need for corrective action before crises hit. -- downloaded pdf to Note
paper  economic_history  20thC  financial_crisis  emerging_markets  capital_flows  credit_booms  leverage  business_cycles  FX-rate_management  FX  Great_Recession  bibliography  links  downloaded 
august 2015 by dunnettreader
Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas and Maurice Obstfeld - Stories of the 20thC for the 21stC | CEPR via Ideas.repec.org
A key precursor of twentieth-century financial crises in emerging and advanced economies alike was the rapid buildup of leverage. Those emerging economies that avoided leverage booms during the 2000s also were most likely to avoid the worst effects of the twenty-first century’s first global crisis. A discrete-choice panel analysis using 1973-2010 data suggests that domestic credit expansion and real currency appreciation have been the most robust and significant predictors of financial crises, regardless of whether a country is emerging or advanced. For emerging economies, however, higher foreign exchange reserves predict a sharply reduced probability of a subsequent crisis. -- enormous lit review bibliography, see references links on Ideas page -- downloaded pdf to Note
paper  economic_history  20thC  financial_crisis  emerging_markets  capital_flows  credit_booms  leverage  business_cycles  FX-rate_management  FX  Great_Recession  bibliography  links  downloaded 
august 2015 by dunnettreader
Brad DeLong - "We Always Thanked Robert Lucas for Giving Us a... Monopoly" Over Valuable Macroeconomics - August 2015
Brad collects a host of links (articles and Mankiew paper) on Lawrence Meyer's career from the central bank to his macro modeling firm, where he claims that macro theory got sidetracked by Lucas and co. for decades. And the workhorses for both private sector and central bank forecasting was building out the Keynesianism circa 1970. And he made a fortune since the academic economists had disappeared down the rabbit hole. Downloaded Greg M's paper which is brutally blunt about the intellectual waste - even New Keynesian models he works on got excessively diverted with the rational expectations, etc nonsense.
Pocket  paper  macroeconomics  economic_theory  neoclassical_economics  Lucas_critique  rational_expectations  Keynesianism  links  intellectual_history  20thC  post-WWII  bad_economics  downloaded  from pocket
august 2015 by dunnettreader
Forum - Samuel Moyn's "Christian human rights" - overview page | The Immanent Frame
In 2010, Samuel Moyn published The Last Utopia: Human Rights in History, which offered an alternative historical explanation for the origins of human rights. He rejected narratives that viewed human rights as a long-term historical product of the Judeo-Christian tradition, The French Revolution, or Enlightenment rationalism, arguing that human rights as it is now understood began to emerge only during the 1970s. Prior to this, according to Moyn, rights were connected to the nation-state and had nothing to do with an international standard of morality or justice. In addressing critiques of The Last Utopia, Moyn has given considerable attention to the relationship between human rights and religion, conceding that there is, undoubtedly, a relationship between Christianity—Catholicism in particular—and human rights, but arguing that the “death of Christian Europe” by the 1960s “forced a complete reinvention of the meaning of human rights embedded in European identity both formally and really since the war”. Contributors offer their thoughts on Moyn’s article “Personalism, Community, and the Origins of Human Rights,” which became a central focus (see excerpt) in his forthcoming book, Christian Human Rights (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015). Contributors also respond to “Christian Human Rights,” the introductory essay written for this series. -- downloaded pdfs but their footnotes and links don't work, so collected them in Evernote them
books  intellectual_history  narrative-contested  bad_history  intellectual_history-distorted  religious_history  church_history  moral_philosophy  theology  human_rights  natural_rights  medieval_philosophy  Europe-Medieval  Enlightenment  Enlightenment_Project  Enlightenment-ongoing  French_Revolution  IR  Europe  20thC  WWI  WWII  entre_deux_guerres  post-Cold_War  post-colonial  nation-state  genocide  Holocaust  UN  international_law  natural_law  law_of_nations  law_of_the_sea  justice  jurisprudence  philosophy_of_law  political_philosophy  political_culture  democracy  equality  liberty  Christendom  Judeo-Christian  links  Evernote 
july 2015 by dunnettreader
Frank Pasquale - Four Futures of Legal Automation | Balkinization: June 2015
http://balkin.blogspot.com/2015/06/four-futures-of-legal-automation.html -- overview of new article dealing with different scenarios for "disruption" promised by "innovators" and venture capitalists, which is likely to take the new fashion of arbitraging "inefficiencies" without any thoughts as to consequences for unraveling the "logic" of the current systems of legal services, re both content and access -- Instapaper has a number of links -- also downloaded pdf to Note
Instapaper  article  legal_system  legal_culture  automation  Innovation  technology  access_to_services  corporate_law  criminal_justice  family_law  property_rights  rights-legal  contracts  links  downloaded  from instapaper
june 2015 by dunnettreader
Noah Smith - Economics Gets Real - Bloomberg View - June 2015
“It works in practice, but does it work in theory?” This joke is so commonly applied to economists that no one even knows who said it originally. The idea fits… Still too polyanna "both sides do it" and facts only have a modest liberal bias, but nice roundup of interesting papers and research programs on the empirical side that at least puts the kabosh on the Theory leads empirical which can be fitted or handwaved away which dominated the better part of the 1970s to the Great Depression -- and the Great Moderation is being reexaminedas not necessarily all so great
Instapaper  macroeconomics  microeconomics  microfoundations  behavioral_economics  economic_theory  links  from instapaper
june 2015 by dunnettreader
David Glaser - Paul Krugman on Tricky Urban Economics | Uneasy Money - May 2015
Paul Krugman has a post about a New Yorker piece by Tim Wu discussing the surprising and disturbing increase in vacant storefronts in the very prosperous and… Thinks Krugman should have stressed more the active damage governments can do (and did) when he highlighted the interstate highway system and middle class white flight. Some great quotes from studies of the impact on racially and ethnically marginalized communities -- destroying the "social capital" infrastructure that African-Americans had relied on, thereby reinforcing the impact of discriminatory private and public policies of both Jim Crow and residentia and workforce segregation in the Northern cities. And excellent examples of how the upper end of the wealth spectrum was repeatedly able to protect their urban communities in the freeway wars -- e.g. Cambridge and Georgetown.
US_history  20thC  post-WWII  political_economy  US_politics  urban_development  urban_politics  urban_elites  NIMBY  suburbs  white_flight  governmentality  transport  infrastructure  racism  African-Americans  lower_orders  community  segregation  housing  highways  public_policy  elites-political_influence  policymaking  links  from instapaper
may 2015 by dunnettreader
Jag Bhalla - Is The 'Tragedy of The Commons' a Myth? | Big Think - May 2015
by Jag Bhalla We are ill-fated idiots. That’s what some “rationalists” believe. An ancient Greek origin myth can avert this modern tragedy of reason (a… -- lots of links
rationality  rationality-economics  public_choice  collective_action  tragedgy_of_the_commons  common_good  resource_allocation  environment  climate-adaptation  links  Instapaper  from instapaper
may 2015 by dunnettreader
Jag Bhalla - Astronaut vs. Cowboy Ethics | Big Think - May 2015
by Jag Bhalla “Freedom in a commons brings ruin to all.” So says Garrett Hardin reassessing his misnamed “tragedy of the commons” parable. He’s right, and since… -- they'd all die in space if the "negative liberty" model served as source of normativity -- lots of links
moral_philosophy  norms  liberty-negative  collaboration  community  sociability  human_nature  practical_reason  praxis  libertarianism  links  Instapaper  from instapaper
may 2015 by dunnettreader
Jag Bhalla - Reason Is Larger Than Science | Big Think - May 2015
by Jag Bhalla “Reason is larger than science.” So Leon Wieseltier reminds us (while defending the humanities against Steven Pinker’s science cheerleading). 1.… -- lots of links -- nice use of Wieseltier while noting where W goes off the rails
reason  rationality  rationality-economics  decision_theory  scientism  humanities  education-higher  disciplines  links  Instapaper  from instapaper
may 2015 by dunnettreader
Jag Bhalla - Is 'Information Theory' Misnamed? | Big Think - May 2015
by Jag Bhalla “Information theory” is misnamed. And information operates differently in physics versus biology. 1. Gregory Chaitin applies “information theory”… -- really nice mini essay on the inadequacy of "information theory" to deal with semantic complexity, and why different domains will have very different communication requirements and processes -- e.g. physics vs life sciences, such as genetics, which are much more like algorithms *to say nothing of social sciences and humanities) -- parallels his other mini essays on different logics for different domains, and different analogy-style reasoning for different disciplines -- with lots of links
philosophy_of_science  epistemology  logic  information_theory  communication  IT  physics  biology  links  Instapaper  from instapaper
may 2015 by dunnettreader
Lars Syll - The Bernake-Summers Imbroglio | RWER April 2015
As no one interested in macroeconomics has failed to notice, Ben Bernanke is having a debate with Larry Summers on what’s behind the slow recovery of growth rates since the financial crisis of 2007. To Bernanke it’s basically a question of a savings glut. To Summers it’s basically a question of a secular decline in the level of investment. To me the debate is actually a non-starter, since they both rely on a loanable funds theory and a Wicksellian notion of a “natural” rate of interest — ideas that have been known to be dead wrong for at least 80 years … Let’s start with the Wicksellian connection and consider what Keynes wrote in General Theory: -- helpful re Keynes' rejection of "natural rate" (in effect there's a different natural rate for each level of employment - income, so it's comparative statics that blows up when savings or investment change, rather than being able to derive new equilibrium natural rate) -- and the problems with loanable funds theory - looks especially at Minsky and Kalecki - credit creation isn't result of increased savings but increased investment. Good snips and links -- saved to Pocket
economic_theory  macroeconomics  stagnation  savings_glut  global_imbalance  interest_rate-natural  monetary_policy  monetary_theory  central_banks  credit  financial_system  financial_economics  loanable_funds  investment  accounting_IDs  equilibrium  economic_models  Keynes  Minsky  Kalecki  links  Instapaper 
april 2015 by dunnettreader
Rajiv Sethi: The Agent-Based Method - August 2014
It's nice to see some attention being paid to agent-based computational models on economics blogs, but Chris House has managed to misrepresent the methodology so completely that his post is likely to do more harm than good. -- Useful discussion of both DSGE and agent-based modeling approaches plus links. Chris House, for a highly touted "expert", keeps exposing his combination of ignorance and bias ("facts have a conservative bias"!!) Apparently since he already knows what the facts are going to tell him, he doesn't actually have to learn something about which he is ignorant but feels free to spout what "must" be the case. Extraordinary indictment of the upper levels of the economics professoriate. Seth's post is a fine description of what agent-based models are about, and the dilemmas of coming up with criteria for evaluating robustness of research results -- a problem which DSGE papers don't seem to have, apparently because of the agreed upon math and that most of the variables are exogenous chosen by the modeler, and theoretical papers which can be judged on the coherence of their mathematical logic. Links to some agent-based work - Seth himself working on market structure and trading practices (e.g. GFT) within a "market ecology" framework
economic_theory  macroeconomics  economic_models  rationality-economics  markets  markets-structure  ecology  ecology-economic  agent-based_models  evolution-as-model  evolution-social  links 
february 2015 by dunnettreader
Harold Laski page - McMaster Economic History archive
Downloaded pdfs to iPhone if his 1917 study in theories of sovereignty and 1819 on evolution of authority and its locus in the modern state. Page also has hyml link to 1922 wirk on Marx and a list of biographies and studies of Laski's thought
books  downloaded  intellectual_history  political_philosophy  political_economy  Europe-Early_Modern  politics-and-religion  sovereignty  nation-state  bureaucracy  19thC  20thC  WWI  entre_deux_guerres  Marx  website  links 
february 2015 by dunnettreader
Gabriel Entin & Jeanne Moisand, « Débats autour du 15M. Républicanisme, démocratie et participation politique », | La Vie des idées, Sept 2011
Links to articles in their Débats" -- Nous accueillons les échanges entre philosophes, historiens et politistes, au sujet de la participation politique et de l’interprétation de la pensée républicaine en Espagne et dans nos démocraties. Ces débats, relativement méconnus en France, sont nés de l’emprunt par José Luis Zapatero de références au républicanisme de Philip Pettit pour légitimer son programme et son action. En 2008, le philosophe a cautionné ces emprunts en publiant un diagnostic positif sur la dimension républicaine du premier gouvernement Zapatero. Se revendiquer du républicanisme conduirait-il dès lors à défendre l’ordre institutionnel et à s’opposer aux «Indignés» de mai 2011 ? Leurs revendications d’une participation politique plus intense et plus démocratique ne seraient-elles pas républicaines ? Grâce aux réactions suscitées par cet article, La Vie des Idées peut aujourd’hui approfondir le débat. Les réponses de Philip Pettit et de ses collaborateurs espagnols sont complétées par les essais d’historiens, d’un politiste et d’un sociologue. Le 15M donne ainsi l’occasion de réfléchir sur le républicanisme et sur la participation démocratique en Espagne, dans le monde hispanique et dans les mouvements sociaux actuels.
article  links  political_philosophy  political_culture  Spain  Latin_America  local_government  local_politics  republicanism  democracy  democracy_deficit  political_participation  Pettit  social_movements  political_history  social_democracy  socialism 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
Brad DeLong - Slides for a Talk: Thoughts on Making a Better Economics
Downloaded pdf to iPhone and saved html to Evernote - gaps between pre-crisis econ and lost or underused knowledge - and gaps between ehat economists knew and said vs public understanding & further gap to policy -- lots of links
economic_theory  macroeconomics  macroeconomic_policy  austerity  fiscal_policy  monetary_policy  downloaded  links 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
Laurent Belsie - The Link between High Employment and Labor Market Fluidity | NBER Digest - Jan 2015
Declining rates of creative destruction and factor reallocation raise concerns about future productivity growth and youth employment. U.S. labor markets lost much of their fluidity well before the onset of the Great Recession, according to Labor Market Fluidity and Economic Performance (NBER Working Paper No. 20479). The economy's ability to move jobs quickly from shrinking firms to young, growing enterprises slowed after 1990. Job reallocation rates fell by more than a quarter. After 2000, the volume of hiring and firing - known as the worker reallocation rate - also dropped. The decline was broad-based, affecting multiple industries, states, and demographic groups. The groups that suffered the most were the less-educated and the young, particularly young men.
US_economy  economic_history  1990s  2000s  2010s  links  creative_destruction  labor_markets  unemployment  wages  competition  firm-theory  economic_growth 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
humanbenchmark.com (
I lost weight by eating lots of bacon and cream. Here's a scientific explanation for why. - Vox)
website  cognition  brain  links 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
quantified-mind.com
(I lost weight by eating lots of bacon and cream. Here's a scientific explanation for why. - Vox)
website  cognition  brain  links 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
Chris Dillow - Inequality & productivity | Stumbling & Mumbling - Dec 2014
Responding to a snarky tweet from a consetvative re "puff pieces" on inequality which he claims fails to explain why ee should care re economic growth & productivity, Dillow lists a number of mechanisms that might link inequality to polrer macroecinomic performance, with lots of links -- Now, these mechanisms - many of which are discussed more expertly in Sam Bowles' The New Economics of Inequality and Redistribution - will vary in strength from time to time and place to place. (..) But there's one big fact which hints that they might be significant. Productivity growth has been much lower recently than it was in the 80s. This should be puzzling to people like Ryan, because for years they've told us that Thatcherite reforms in the 80s should have boosted productivity growth. So why has it fallen? Might it be that the benefits of those reforms have been offset by the fact that the increased proportion of income going to the 1% depressed productivity through the above mechanisms?
political_economy  economic_growth  onequality  productivity  labor  firm-theory  incentives  neoliberalism  links  books 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
Chris Dillow - For worker control | Stumbling & Mumbling - Dec 2014
Neal Lawson is absolutely right. Social democracy is "hopelessly prepared for the 21st century." This is because it is yet another example of an idea that has outlived its usefulness. Social democrats used to think that they did not need to challenge the fundamental power structures of capitalism because, with a few good top-down economic and social policies, capitalism could be made to deliver increased benefits for workers and the poor in terms both of rising real wages and better public services. (..) Secular stagnation means real incomes mightn't grow much. Globalized (pdf) labour markets and mass unemployment might exacerbate the effect of this in depressing real wages. Job polarization and the degradation of once-good jobs means workers face deteriorating job quality. And (self-imposed) austerity means that what economic growth we do get won't translate into better public services. Times have changed. So the left must change. Neal says: "Instead of pulling policy levers, the job is to create the platforms so that people can collectively change things for themselves." There's one context in which this is especially necessary - the workplace.
21stC  political_economy  stagnation  labor  wages  social_democracy  left-wing  corporate_governance  worker_co-ops  unions  managrrialism  corporate_citizenship  common_good  profit  links  ideology  power-asymnetric 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
Shadow banking, part 3: Some experts call for FDIC-style safety net for shadow banking
links galore to well curated set of papers analyzing scale and activities of shadow banking sector, especially money market funds, the mechanics and risks of different types of runs on shadow banking, and 10+ proposals for mitigating risks and managing runs if (when) they happen. Saved to Pocket. Review for papers to download
financial_system  banking  shadow_banking  money_market  financial_crisis  financial_regulation  GSEs  asset_prices  liquidity  firesales  deposit_insurance  central_banks  Fed  FDIC  SEC  links 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
How big should central bank balance sheets be?
very useful discussion with good links - not just re developed economies but also emerging markets central banks
central_banks  monetary_policy  banking  liquidity  Fed  QE  links  emerging_markets 
december 2014 by dunnettreader
Re-Reading My Weblog: March 2005
DeLong links to 2005 posts and papers showing that by 2005 it was already becoming clear there were no potential GOP partners for any sensible compromise fiscal and monrtary policies - the "thought leaders" on the Right, including folks like Mankiew, had all descended into pure hackery. The Social Security "privatization" scheme was a simple attempted bamboozle on behalf if Eall Street wjich ess drooling at the thought of fres for managing all those forced savings accounts. DeLong along with Krugman did a paper in asset prices and growth rates that illustrated what a ripoff the GOP plan from the Bush Admin would be. And that was just one smong a number of 2005 episodes that DeLong's posts exposed. Key is that the posts are contemporaneous, nt benefiting from hindsight after the 2008 crash.
US_politics  US_economy  bad_economics  links  GOP  21stC  propaganda 
december 2014 by dunnettreader
Apple Releases Its Most Important Typeface In 20 Years | Co.Design | business + innovation + design
Yesterday, Apple released a new bundle of developer tools called WatchKit to help make third-party Apple Watch apps a reality. But for type lovers, WatchKit contained a nice little surprise: a folder containing 23 different variations of the Apple Watch system font, the first one Apple has designed in-house in almost 20 years. Even better, that typeface finally has a name: San Francisco. Seemingly inspired by Helvetica and FF Din, San Francisco is designed specifically for smaller displays: there's plenty of space between each letter, and Apple seems to be avoiding extraordinarily thin lettering that wouldn't play well on already cramped watch screens. Yet as some have already noticed, San Francisco also looks gorgeous on Retina Displays as a replacement Mac default typeface.
Mac  tips  links 
november 2014 by dunnettreader
Fiscal federalism network - OECD
The OECD Network on Fiscal Relations across Levels of Government provides analysis and statistical underpinnings on the relationship between central and subcentral government, and its impact on efficiency, equity and macroeconomic stability. -- Main page for reports, white papers, guides, articles, links to OECD databases
OECD  website  OECD_economies  taxes  tax_collection  fiscal_policy  state_government  cities  federalism  sovereign_debt  public_finance  statistics  databases  report  links  accountability  reform-economic  reform-finance  reform-legal  comparative_economics  centralization  central_government  center-periphery  local_government  decentralization 
november 2014 by dunnettreader
OECD's Committee on Fiscal Affairs - Consultation Papers and Comments Received (regularly updated) | Tax - OECD
The OECD's Committee on Fiscal Affairs consults with business and other interested parties through a variety of means to inform its work in the tax area. One important way of obtaining such input is through the release of papers or discussion drafts for public comment. Below is a list of past discussion drafts for comments: -- list with links to papers and comments regularly updated
OECD  OECD_economies  international_political_economy  global_governance  taxes  tax_havens  tax_collection  governments-information_sharing  fiscal_policy  sovereign_debt  public_finance  regulation-harmonization  regulation-enforcement  regulation-costs  transparency  cross-border  MNCs  international_organizations  international_finance  website  links  report 
november 2014 by dunnettreader
Kenan Malik - AS I WAS SAYING ABOUT UKIP… | Pandaemonium October 2014
The debate abound UKIP swirls unabated after its success in winning the Clacton by-election from the Conervatives, and in almost winning Heywood and Middleton from Labour. There remains considerable confusion about the nature of the UKIP phenomenon (the clarifying work of academics such as Matthew Goodwin and Rob Ford has been useful here). There is even greater confusion over how to challenge it. I have been writing about UKIP and immigration for a while now. So I thought I would pull together the main themes of that writing, to set out the main arguments from my previous articles about UKIP and the challenge that it poses. -- with the Lib-Dems in the coalition, they're no longer the safe protest vote -- and the UKIP phenomenon is more a matter of disaffection from all the mainstream politics than a classic "protest vote" -- links to a series of posts that also reflects on the Scottish vote, EU protest parties and the "left behind" that are politically disaffected but their "politics" is cultural and tribal rather than traditional class-based or typical left-right ideology patterns
21stC  UK_politics  EU_governance  parties  right-wing  elections  links 
october 2014 by dunnettreader
Ruben Andersson - TIME TO UNFENCE OUR VIEW OF MIGRATION | Pandaemonium
Ruben Andersson is an anthropologist at LSE’s Civil Society and Human Security Research Unit, and the author of Illegality, Inc: Clandestine migration and the business of bordering Europe. He recently published a post on the LSE politics blog which described how immigration border fences feed the very problem they supposedly address. I am delighted to be able to republish it on Pandaemonium.
Ruben Andersson -- Migration panic is upon Calais yet again. Amid desperate and determined attempts by refugees and migrants to clamber over fences or scramble to reach UK-bound ferries, the media have over the past month painted a picture of yet another impending invasion. Police have launched crackdowns; far-right extremists have massed on the city; and French politicians have lobbied hard for a stronger British involvement in controls. In response to the chaos, the UK first offered to send France the ‘ring of steel’ fences recently used at the NATO summit; now it has pledged £12m over three years, earmarked – among other things – for the building of robust security barriers around Calais port. Fencing, the UK immigration minister has made clear, is one key element in efforts to ‘send out a very clear message… [that] Britain is no soft touch when it comes to illegal immigration’. -- Ruben Andersson’s book Illegality, Inc will be launched at the LSE on 14 October with a public discussion, Secure the borders: The cost and consequences of Europe’s ‘fight against irregular migration’. He tweets at @Ruben_Andersson. -- lots of links including absurd US SBI
21stC  nation-state  geography  migration  Labor_markets  EU  EU_governance  right-wing  EU-foreign_policy  US_government  US_politics  links 
october 2014 by dunnettreader
Certainties, Uncertainties and Choices with Global Warming - NYTimes.com
Steven E. Koonin, once the Obama administration’s undersecretary of energy for science and chief scientist at BP, stirred up a swirl of turbulence in global warming discourse this week after The Wall Street Journal published “Climate Science is Not Settled,” his essay calling for more frankness about areas of deep uncertainty in climate science, more research to narrow error ranges and more acknowledgement that society’s decisions on energy and climate policy are based on values as much as data. (The Journal seems to keep this headline on file; here’s a 2009 essay, “Climate Science Isn’t Settled,” by the M.I.T. climatologist Richard Lindzen.) Predictably, the piece by Koonin, who became the founding director of New York University’s important Center for Urban Science and Progress in 2012, was quickly hailed by fossil fuel defenders. At the same time, some of Koonin’s central points about the state of climate science were sharply challenged by climate scientists and climate campaigners. I was on the run at the time but sent Koonin a couple of questions, which I also posted on Tumblr. Here they are with his answers (with some email shorthand cleaned up), along with a fresh critique of Koonin’s argument by a group of climate science and policy researchers associated with Carnegie Mellon University and a final thought from me: -- Revkin is a squish since clearly the Carnegie Mellon folks aren't making extravagant claims and Koonin's piece is all about framing, which of course is trumpeted as climate denial fodder - he couldn't be that naive leaving it up to the WSJ to frame his piece - he should be hung by the thumbs for giving aid & comfort -- Revkin has good links to discussions of planning with deep uncertainty
article  US_politics  climate  uncertainty  risk-mitigation  climate-adaptation  links 
september 2014 by dunnettreader
Sean Kidney - World Bank does a 10yr, AAA $12.06m green retail bond especially for Merrill Lynch Wealth Management clients. Harbinger? | Climate Bonds Initiative - Sep 2, 2014
A new green retail bond (link is external) has been issued by the World Bank in conjunction (link is external)Merrill Lynch Wealth Management (link is external). The bond has 10 year tenor, coupon of 2.32% for the first 5 years which gradually increases to a maximum of 8.82% and is callable after the first year. A very interesting approach, presumably carefully worked out with Merrill Lynch. The World Bank green bond program's credentials are verified by CICERO (link is external). One characteristic that some financial media coverage has been highlighting is that this was the first green bond issued that has a "callable (link is external)" structure. The World Bank does like to try things out in the retail space: in 2011 they issued some retail green bonds through the BoAML network, paying a fixed coupon for the first year that switched to a floating coupon after one year (but weren't callable). Earlier this year they issued another structured bond through BNP Paribas. That bond was linked to an equity index (link is external). All part of working out what will fly in the retail space, so others can then pick and run with successful formats.
financial_innovation  financial_sector_development  capital_markets  World_Bank  investors  sustainability  green_economy  green_finance  reform-economic  reform-finance  climate  links 
september 2014 by dunnettreader
Stop Googling your health questions. Use these sites instead. - Vox September 2014
Burden of Proof, a regular column in which Julia Belluz (a journalist) and Steven Hoffman (an academic) join forces to tackle the most pressing health issues -- The group that's done more to further that cause than perhaps any other is the Cochrane Collaboration, an international not-for-profit established in the early 1990s. You've probably never heard of it (incidentally, like the evidence-based medicine movement, it was also co-founded by prudent Canadians) but they're one of the best sources for unbiased medical information in existence and they should be your first stop before you hit Google or WebMD. Their mandate is to create syntheses of science — known as "systematic reviews" — on important clinical questions. The idea is simple and should sound familiar by now: many studies, involving thousands of patients can get us closer to the truth than any single study or anecdote ever could. Basically, independent reviewers use well-established and transparent protocols to search the literature about health questions and then apply statistical methods to combine them so that they can see where the preponderance of evidence lies. The process is called "meta-analysis" and it's repeated at least twice and then published so that others can verify or repeat their steps. After all, not all systematic reviews are created equally.Today at Cochrane, you'll find reviews on everything from the effects of acupuncture for preventing migraines (probably works) and premenstrual syndrome (may not work), to the usefulness of cranberry juice to treat bladder infections (probably doesn't work). The hard-working people behind Cochrane even translate their conclusions into "plain language summaries" and podcasts. -- plus links to a bunch of useful sites
health  health_care  scientific_method  science-public  links 
september 2014 by dunnettreader
Matias Vernengo - NAKED KEYNESIANISM: Institutions, what institutions? - September 2014
Nice breakdown of theorists of causes of development and underdevelopment and problems of trying to catch up -- So if you believe most heterodox economists institutions are relevant, but not primarily those associated to the supply side; the ones linked to the demand side, in Keynesian fashion are more important than the mainstream admits. Poor countries that arrive late to the process of capitalist development cannot expand demand without limits since the imports of intermediary and capital goods cause recurrent balance of payments crises. The institutions that allow for the expansion of demand, including those that allow for higher wages to expand consumption and to avoid the external constraints, are and have been central to growth and development. The role of the State in creating and promoting the expansion of domestic markets, in the funding of research and development, and in reducing the barriers to balance of payments constraints, both by guarantying access to external markets (sometimes militarily, like in the Opium Wars) and reducing foreign access to domestic ones was crucial in the process of capitalist development. In this view, for example, what China did not have that England did, was not lack of secure property rights and the rule of law, but a rising bourgeoisie (capitalists) that had to compete to provide for a growing domestic market that had acquired a new taste (and hence explained expanding demand) for a set of new goods, like cotton goods from India, or china (porcelain) from… well China, as emphasized by economic historian Maxine Berg among others (for the role of consumption in the Industrial Revolution go here). Or simply put, China did not have a capitalist mode of production (for the concept of mode of production and capitalism go here). Again, I argued that Robert Allen’s view according to which high wages and cheap energy forced British producers to innovate to save labor, leading to technological innovation and growth, and the absence of those conditions in China led to stagnation is limited since it presupposes that firms adopt more productive technologies even without growing demand. -- see links
economic_history  economic_theory  economic_growth  17thC  18thC  19thC  20thC  development  emerging_markets  Latin_America  Great_Divergence  demand  consumer_demand  British_history  China  institutional_economics  institutional_change  institution-building  institutions  supply-side  demand-side  cultural_history  economic_culture  political_culture  industrialization  Industrial_Revolution  international_political_economy  international_monetary_system  balance_of_payments  state-building  rent-seeking  rentiers  commodities  links 
september 2014 by dunnettreader
Steve Denning - The Copernican Revolution In Management - Forbes - July 2013
Today’s hierarchical bureaucracies are so out-of-step with the current marketplace in which power has shifted from seller to buyer that we cannot wait for the results of definitive long-term scientific studies. As Don Tapscott said in this column last week, “The fundamental problem facing all our institutions today, including government, is not related to conjunctural economic changes. It’s not a business cycle that we are going through. It’s not a cyclical change. It’s a secular change. We are at a punctuation point in human history where the industrial age and institutions have finally come to their logical conclusion. They have essentially run out of gas.” The shareholder value theory is thus only a small part of the problem. It is part of a web of obsolete management ideas that no longer fit the 21st Century marketplace. As noted below, other once-sacred truths in management are part of the same failing paradigm. Absorbing even a couple of these fundamental shifts will take time. Absorbing them all, and acquiring the skills and attitudes necessary to implement them, will not be easy or quick. -- large number of links to recent articles, papers etc
globalization  global_economy  business  management  corporate_governance  technology  networks-business  hierarchy  shareholder_value  capital_markets  investors  financialization  Labor_markets  Innovation  capitalism  executive_compensation  1-percent  inequality  links 
august 2014 by dunnettreader
Kevin Mitchell - Wiring the Brain: "Common disorders" are really collections of rare genetic conditions - July 2014
Disorders such as autism, schizophrenia and epilepsy each affect about 1% of the population and are therefore defined as “common disorders”. But are they really? I mean, they are clearly really that common, but are they really “disorders”? Are they natural categories that reflect some shared underlying etiology or are they simply groupings based on sets of shared symptoms? Genetics is providing an answer to that question and demonstrating that so-called “common disorders” are really collections of rare disorders with similar symptoms. This represents a complete paradigm shift in psychiatry, the full ramifications of which have yet to be appreciated. -- fascinating -- lots of links
health  medicine  genetics  psychiatry  neuroscience  links 
july 2014 by dunnettreader
Simon Wren-Lewis - mainly macro: Taylor rules: the ZLB and Euro Diversity - July 2014
Where is the ECB’s policy too tight? There are the obvious countries: Spain, Portugal, Italy and especially Greece. But there is another, which is the Netherlands. There is no mystery here: CPI inflation is currently (May) 0.8%, the harmonised rate is 0.1%, and unemployment has been over 7% this year, compared to an average of below 4% from 2000 to 2007. As the Netherlands does not have an independent monetary policy, it desperately needs a countercyclical fiscal policy, yet instead it is locked into the austerity trap imposed by the Eurozone’s fiscal rules. All of this was horribly predictable, which is why I wrote these posts: May12, Sept12, June13, Dec13. These fiscal rules are not going to be abolished anytime soon, even though their intellectual rationale has disappeared. The best that we can hope for is that their impact can be softened or partially circumvented by allowing additional public investment spending: see Reza Moghadam from the IMF here, or Wolfgang Münchau here and here, Guntram Wolff here, or Mariana Mazzucato here. But if in the future anyone wants to see the clearest example of where these rules led to large and completely unnecessary social costs, just look at the Netherlands. -- lots of links
macroeconomics  monetary_policy  fiscal_policy  EU  EU_governance  ECB  Eurozone  Great_Recession  austerity  links 
july 2014 by dunnettreader
Fred Clark - The Stupidest Thing I Have Ever Read | Slacktavist June 2014
-- This is from Religion Dispatches, by Patricia Miller titled, “The Story Behind the Catholic Church’s Stunning Reversal on Contraception” -- Here’s Miller: "The [papal] commission voted overwhelmingly to recommend that the ban against artificial means of birth control be lifted. -- Unhappy with the direction of the commission, the Vatican packed the last commission meetings with 15. But even the bishops voted 9 to 3 (3 abstained) to change the teaching, -- Despite the commission’s years of work and theologically unassailable conclusion that the church’s teaching on birth control was neither infallible nor irreversible, Pope Paul VI stunned the world on July 29, 1968, when he reaffirmed the church’s ban on modern contraceptives in Humanae Vitae. -- The pope had deferred to a minority report prepared by 4 conservative theologian priests that said the church could not change its teaching on birth control because admitting the church had been wrong about the issue for centuries would raise questions about the moral authority of the pope, especially on matters of sexuality, and the belief that the Holy Spirit guided his pronouncements. “The Church cannot change her answer because this answer is true. … It is true because the Catholic Church, instituted by Christ … could not have so wrongly erred during all those centuries of its history,” they wrote. As one of the conservative theologians famously asked one of the female members of the commission, what would happen to “the millions we have sent to hell” for using contraception if the teaching were suddenly changed.
religious_history  church_history  Catholics  Papacy  papal_infallibility  20thC  sexuality  feminism  patriarchy  women-work  women-rights  family  authority  tradition  links  EF-add 
june 2014 by dunnettreader
Talking Manufacturing and Its Wage Premium | Jared Bernstein | On the Economy
–Manufacturing has the potential to grow beyond its current size and employ more people in decent jobs, but we’ve got to get the policy right. –As per Susan Houseman’s work (link), manufacturing productivity is significantly overstated for a number of reasons , implying that the agriculture analogy is incorrect. For one, it’s largely driven by one relatively small sub-sector: the production of computers and electronic products. –Second, Houseman points to two problems with the way we count inputs that also biases up estimates of manufacturing productivity. First, we’re undercounting the quantity of imported intermediate inputs and thus overcounting value added. Second, when manufacturers employ workers from outside the sector, say from Manpower-type staffing services, that biases down measured sectoral labor inputs and further biases up value added. –Even in the highly productive computer sector, productivity-induced job loss is not obvious. Houseman again: “Productivity growth also may reflect improvements to product design that result from research and development activities. ... The reason employment in electronic computer manufacturing has declined by 41 percent since 2000…is not because the assembly process has been automated but because most computer assembly has moved to Asia.” –Despite rumors to the contrary, manufacturing still pays better than other jobs for workers with similar characteristics.
US_economy  productivity  manufacturing  wages  off-shoring  technology  tech  R&D  unemployment  statistics  links  EF-add 
june 2014 by dunnettreader
Chris Dillow - Stumbling and Mumbling: Housing vs financial wealth - May 2014
Chris Giles deserves great credit for his careful scrutiny of Thomas Piketty's data, and Piketty also deserves credit for the openness of that data and for his generous response to Chris. Like Justin Wolfers and Paul Krugman, though, I wonder just how damaging Chris's critique is of Piketty's central thesis. Chris says that, in the UK, "there seems to be little consistent evidence of any upward trend in wealth inequality of the top 1 percent." He points to ONS data showing that the top 1% owned 12.5% of all wealth in 2010-12. However, this proportion is depressed because house prices are high. These mean that the owner of quite a modest home has substantial wealth which naturally depresses the proportion of wealth held by the really well-off. If we look only at financial wealth, we see a different picture. The top 1% owns 36.4% of all financial wealth, and the top 10% owns 75.9% (table 2.6b of this Excel file). As the ONS points out, the Lorenz curve for financial wealth is much steeper than that for property wealth. If you believe the ONS is under-counting offshore wealth, inequality is even greater. This poses the question: should we conflate housing and financial wealth as Chris and Thomas both do? Perhaps not, because housing wealth might not have as much "wealthiness" as financial wealth, in four senses: [interesting discussion and links]
economic_history  economic_theory  political_economy  Piketty  inequality  UK_economy  wealth  housing  1-percent  capitalism  power  plutocracy  links  EF-add 
may 2014 by dunnettreader
Chris Dillow - Stumbling and Mumbling: What can economics explain? - May 2014
The death of Gary Becker, the father of the "economics of everything" set me wondering: could it be that basic neoclassical economics does a better job of explaining "non-economic" behaviour than it does of economic phenomena? Take three examples where basic neoclassical is, at best, questionable: - A theory of distribution. The idea that wages are equal to workers' marginal product is deeply questionable. .. And the idea of a marginal product of capital is just close to meaningless, which gives neoclassical economics little idea of where profits come from. - The Solow-Swan growth model found that most economic growth was due to exogenous technical progress, which is pretty much no explanation of growth at all... - The neoclassical explanation of unemployment stresses wage inflexibility and "rigidities". But this fails to account for why unemployment was high in the 19th century. By contrast, Beckerian economics has given us some useful insights into crime, family life (pdf) and racial discrimination. There might be good reasons for this difference. Matters of individual choice are often more tractable in the "non-economic" than economic arena. -- as usual Chris provides gobs of links
economic_theory  economic_growth  economic_models  neoclassical_economics  behavioral_economics  rational_choice  rationality-economics  social_theory  links  EF-add 
may 2014 by dunnettreader
Kenan Malik - THE SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENT AND ITS SOUL | Pandaemonium - May 2014
The science writer Philip Ball recently published a post on his blog Homunculus in which he wondered why modern scientific instruments seem to lack the beauty and soul of those of centuries past. Stephen Curry, professor of structural biology at Imperial College, wrote in response, on Occam’s Corner, the Guardian-hosted science blog, a wonderful little essay, in which he questioned some of Philip’s assumptions but made also a case for scientists to have more than an instrumental relationship to their instruments. Philip Ball then wrote an equally insightful reply in which he argued that scientific instruments are made not simply to do a job but also to express a certain image of science, to ‘employ a particular visual rhetoric’ in his words. The changing character of scientific instruments, he suggested, reflects the changing image of science that scientists wish to covey. -- Ball re visual rhetoric - what, and who, these instruments were for. Even for Galileo, the scientific experiment was still at least as much a demonstration as it was an exploration: it was a way of showing that your ideas were right. ...And in the earliest of the early modern era, during the late Renaissance, scientific instruments were objects of power. They were used by the virtuosi to delight and entertain their noble patrons, and thereby to imply a command of the occult forces of nature. For such a display, it was important that a device be impressive to look at: elegance was the key attribute of the courtly natural philosopher.
intellectual_history  cultural_history  Renaissance  16thC  17thC  Scientific_Revolution  scientific_culture  science-public  virtuosos  patrons  scientific_method  experimental_philosophy  Galileo  Hooke  links  EF-add 
may 2014 by dunnettreader
Understanding Society: The Brenner debate revisited - Jan 2010
Very useful summary of the various causal theories re transition to capitalist agriculture and difference between England and France - though couched as Brenner debate it is much broader and slides into Great Divergence, rise of the West, etc -- But it seems clear in hindsight that these are false dichotomies. We aren't forced to choose: Malthus, Marx, or Smith. Economic development is not caused by a single dominant factor -- a point that Guy Bois embraces in his essay (Aston and Philpin, 117). Rather, all these factors were in play in European economic development -- and several others as well. (For example, Ken Pomeranz introduces the exploitation of the natural resources, energy sources, and forced labor of the Americas in his account of the economic growth of Western Europe (The Great Divergence: China, Europe, and the Making of the Modern World Economy). And I suppose that it would be possible to make a climate-change argument for this period of change as well.) Moreover, each large factor (population, prices, property relations) itself is the complex result of a number of great factors -- including the others on the list. So we shouldn't expect simple causal diagrams of large outcomes like sustained economic growth.
social_theory  economic_history  feudalism  capitalism  British_history  France  medieval_history  16thC  17thC  18thC  Great_Divergence  agriculture  industrialization  Industrial_Revolution  property_rights  entrepreneurs  class_conflict  economic_growth  causation-social  links  bibliography  EF-add 
may 2014 by dunnettreader
Online guide to texts in early modern metaethics (Cole Mitchell)
This is an online guide to texts in early modern metaethics, organized by author in rough chronological order, and maintained by Cole Mitchell. I try to keep the focus on topics of metaethical interest: reason and the passions, the status of moral truths and their relation to God, the ‘why be moral?’ question, the relation between morality and self-interest, analogies between morality and other domains (geometry, law, aesthetics), teleology and human nature, etc.
This guide is still pretty rough and messy. Any feedback on this or similar projects would be much appreciated:
website  links  17thC  18thC  intellectual_history  metaphysics  moral_philosophy  metaethics  human_nature  mind-body  reason-passions  natural_religion  rational_religion  Deism  Cambridge_Platonists  Descartes  Malebranche  Hobbes  Locke  Clarke  Leibniz  Butler  Berkeley  Warburton  Hume  Hume-ethics  Bolingbroke  EF-add 
february 2014 by dunnettreader
Simon Wren-Lewis - mainly macro: Stages of Economic Recovery in the UK - Nov 2013
Lots of links -- Presentation re 3 stages of economic recovery and why UK stalled for 3 years in not getting Stage 2 bounce back growth due to austerity after returning to growth in 2010 - and fears won't reach Stage 3, maintenance of high growth for long period to return to pre recession productive capacity trend line. Banks as a central worry

-- quote-- So answering the productivity puzzle is the key to knowing what kind of recovery we will have. My suspicion, shared by others at the Bank of England and elsewhere, is that some of the answer is to be found back where the recession began – with UK banks. Bank lending to firms is important in increasing productivity, because it allows the productive firms to expand (at home and overseas), and the new start ups to displace the older, less efficient firms. So when bank lending collapsed in the recession, productivity collapsed. If banks start lending again to these new and more productive (but also more risky) firms, we may be able to make up a good deal of that lost ground......

So how are we with fixing the banks? The honest answer is I do not know, but let me end with a concern. So this is a recession created by banks, and there is a real danger that the power banks have over governments, and this government in particular, may mean we never make up the ground we have lost.
21stC  UK_economy  Great_Recession  banking  financialization  financial_regulation  rent-seeking  risk  austerity  productivity  unemployment  wages  capital  investment  links  EF-add 
december 2013 by dunnettreader
Simon Wren-Lewis mainly macro: Is zero the new normal? - Nov 2013
In addition to links re various theories for why Natural Rate of Return (NRR) might have fallen, advocates fiscal policy as helpful response regardless of whether secular stagnation or lower NRR is new base trend is actually occurring. To head off government debt fetishists he argues -- Let me finish with a point about government debt. A major reason why high government debt is a problem in the medium to long term is that - unless Ricardian Equivalence holds - it crowds out private capital. It does that by raising the NRR. Too much saving goes into buying government debt, so there is not enough to invest in private capital. Yet if the NRR is actually negative, and likely to stay very low for some time, and this is a problem because of the ZLB, then the fact that government debt is currently raising the NRR is useful. To put it another way, this means we have plenty of time to deal with the problem of government debt. Which is good, because all the analysis suggests that it is optimal to reduce debt slowly. In the short term, high public debt is helping, not hurting. (Similar arguments can be made in relation to unfunded social security schemes.)
21stC  stagnation  Great_Recession  fiscal_policy  austerity  monetary_policy  interest_rates  investment  sovereign_debt  crowding_out  economic_growth  savings  pensions  Keynesianism  global_imbalance  global_economy  links  EF-add 
december 2013 by dunnettreader
NAKED KEYNESIANISM: The Fiscal-Military State and Western Hegemony - Nov 2013
An often neglected, at least in economics, argument for the rise of the West (leaving the debate of when the Big Divergence took place, if around 1800 or before, for another post), is its fiscal advantage when compared to the Oriental Empires (Mughal, Ottoman, Safavid and Qing). Patrick O'Brien, the prominent author of the idea of Western fiscal exceptionalism, suggests that the smaller and more urbanized polities of the West found it easier to tax their populations than the Eastern empires with more extensive territories, larger populations and less urbanized economies, even if the latter were in many respects more advanced than the former. The figure below shows that to some extent the Dutch dominance, and then the English ascension, go hand in hand with and increase of tax revenue as a share of GDP.

In this respect, the work by Jan Glete on the effects of a permanent navy on State formation deserves also careful reading.

However, the reasons for the militaristic nature of the Western economies is not well developed in the Fiscal-Military State literature. Kenneth Chase's book on the history of firearms provides an interesting answer.

He argues that early firearms were not very effective when used against cavalry because of their overall lack of mobility, poor rates of fire, and limited accuracy. As a result, their effectiveness was restricted to infantry and siege warfare, and were not used in regions threatened by nomads
economic_history  historical_sociology  Great_Divergence  fiscal-military_state  military_history  Military_Revolution  links 
november 2013 by dunnettreader
Roy F. Baumeister - Do You Really Have Free Will? Of course. Here’s how it evolved. | Slate Sept 2013
Lots of links re silliness that's either mostly semantics or the worst sorts of reductionism that gleefully embraces impoverished materialism.
free_will  neuroscience  mind  mind-body  scientism  links  evolution  evolutionary_biology 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Matias Vernengo: Crowding out and the Industrial Revolution July 2013 | NAKED KEYNESIANISM
Charts from Dickson re interest rates on UK bonds through 18thC and the interest rates spikes during War of Spanish Succession -- links to classic studies (JSTOR) estimating slower growth during 18thC and speculating on crowding out. Link to McColloch paper disputing that Bubble Act reduced industrial investment in 18thC. Vernengo doesn't mention either usury controls or, more important for his speculation that finance for investment grew only as demand grew, that Britain was most heavily taxed and relied increasingly on consumption taxes that would have an impact on growth of demand. Temin and Voth theory that focuses on banking, and less on capital markets (do they think Bubble Act was important? ), other than relations between banking system and sovereign debt market. Vernengo cites papers (including from 1950s) that see Bank of England providing liquidity to the whole system especially in 2nd half of 18thC through the expansion of the revenue collection and government spending process -- new country banks also collecting taxes and the government was spending large amounts on war. Vernengo mentions that in earlier post on same topic and McColloch paper. JSTOR papers are downloaded to Note
paper  article  jstor  links  political_economy  economic_history  18thC  Britain  public_finance  sovereign_debt  fiscal-military_state  fiscal_policy  taxes  interest_rates  Bubble_Act  Bank_of_England  economic_growth  investment  financial_regulation  banking  War_of_Spanish_Succession  Industrial_Revolution  crowding_out  financial_repression  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
The Nationalism Project: Homepage
[Seems to have lost steam in updating materials, publishing reviews c 2009-10; last blog post was 2011] -- The Nationalism Project is one of the most widely used nationalism studies resources on the Internet and provides users with a clearinghouse of scholarly nationalism information including: leading definitions of nationalism, book reviews, web links, subject bibliographies, a bibliography of more than 2,000 journal articles, and much more. The site was created in 1999 by Eric G.E. Zuelow, currently Assistant Professor of European History at the University of New England in Biddeford, ME. The Nationalism Project is loosely affiliated with the Association for Research on Ethnicity and Nationalism in the Americas (ARENA), an informal association of international scholars dedicated to the study of nationalism in both North and South America.
nationalism  nation-state  ethnography  bibliography  links  website 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Buffon et l'histoire naturelle : l'édition en ligne
With supplementary materials on predecessors, collaborateurs bio, bibliography, links to other materials and sites -- timed with the publication of new scholarly edition of Histoire Naturelle -- Le site est consacré à l'œuvre de Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (1707-1788), dont on célébrera en septembre 2007 le troisième centenaire de la naissance. Intendant du Jardin des Plantes de 1739 à 1788, Buffon veilla à l’élargissement et au rayonnement de l’institution parisienne : à la fin de sa vie, le Jardin, transformé en juin 1793 en Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, était devenu le point focal des sciences de la nature en Europe et dans le monde.Auteur d’une monumentale Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière, publiée en 36 volumes in-4° entre 1749 et 1788, Buffon étend aussi sa production intellectuelle et ses activités dans les domaines les plus divers, des mathématiques au calcul de probabilité, de la métallurgie à l’industrie du fer, de l’expertise pour la marine au problème de l’acclimatation de nouvelles espèces animales et végétales sur le territoire français. Ami – ou rival – de toutes les personnalités éminentes du siècle des Lumières, son succès et ses ouvrages suscitèrent admiration et jalousie. Homme de salon, et industriel avisé, Buffon fut probablement le savant le plus connu de son époque: certainement le plus lu.Le site se propose de reconstituer la carrière de Buffon dans tous ses aspects, et de peindre, à travers plusieurs bases de données, un panorama riche et innovateur des sciences de la nature au siècle des Lumières. Ce site web a été créé et est édité par Pietro Corsi et Thierry Hoquet.
online_texts  website  18thC  France  French_Enlightenment  Enlightenment  natural_history  natural_philosophy  Buffon  bibliography  links 
august 2013 by dunnettreader
Common-place: Web Library
American Antiquarian Society: The Common-place Web Library reviews and lists online resources and Websites likely to be of interest to our viewers. Each quarterly issue will feature one or more brief site reviews. The library itself will be an ongoing enterprise with regular new additions and amendments.
Atlantic  16thC  17thC  18thC  19thC  colonialism  imperialism  British_Empire  France  Spain  US_history  slavery  links  historiography  social_history  cultural_history 
august 2013 by dunnettreader
 Jérémie Cohen-Setton: Blogs review: The renationalization of European finance | Bruegel - The Brussels-based think tank August 2013
Links roundup ...... The financial crisis brought the era of rapid financial globalization to a halt. While qualitatively similar than for the rest of the world, this retrenchment has been quantitatively larger and more persistent for Europe, where the dislocation is still affecting the very short-term euro are money markets. Interestingly a similar pattern of regional financial fragmentation also took place in the recovery from the Great Depression in the US.
financial_system  financialization  globalization  international_political_economy  banking  capital_markets  Great_Recession  financial_regulation  Eurozone  financial_crisis  links  EF-add 
august 2013 by dunnettreader
N. J. Mayhew: Money, prices, and growth in pre-industrial England | OUPblog August 2013
Blog post summarizes key findings in his P&P 2013 article downloaded to Note. Links to other recent economic history papers by other scholars. Summary: in the period 1250 to 1750 population levels and GDP were always closely associated, and estimates of the size of the money stock have little importance without an understanding of the size of the economy that the money stock has to service. In this sense, population levels find a place within the Quantity Theory, but the demographic role influences not only demand but also supply. If this is accepted, the long-standing and increasingly sterile battle between monetary and demographic explanations for the behaviour of prices can be drawn to a close. Money clearly influences the price level, as does velocity, but the size of the economy remains an essential element in the equation. Economic growth emerges as a fundamental influence on population and on price levels.The reassertion of Quantity Theory should not be seen as a victory for the Chicago school since Keynesian observations about the role of velocity (or its inverse, demand for money to hold) and the effect of time lags remain important qualifications. Still more importantly, much depends on the quality of our estimates of GDP, prices, and the money stock.
British_history  economic_history  Medieval  14thC  15thC  16thC  17thC  18thC  population  economic_growth  inflation  commerce  social_history  links  EF-add 
august 2013 by dunnettreader
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