Hoffman, P.T.: Why Did Europe Conquer the World? (eBook and Hardcover).
june 2015 by dunnettreader
Between 1492 and 1914, Europeans conquered 84% of the globe. But why did Europe rise to the top, when for centuries the Chinese, Japanese, Ottomans, and South Asians were far more advanced? Why didn’t these powers establish global dominance? ...distinguished economic historian Hoffman demonstrates that conventional explanations— eg geography, epidemic disease, and the Industrial Revolution—fail to provide answers. Arguing instead for the pivotal role of economic and political history, Hoffman shows that if variables had been at all different, Europe would not have achieved critical military innovations, and another power could have become master of the world. In vivid detail, he sheds light on the two millennia of economic, political, and historical changes that set European states on a distinctive path of development and military rivalry. Compared to their counterparts in China, Japan, South Asia, and the Middle East, European leaders—whether chiefs, lords, kings, emperors, or prime ministers—had radically different incentives, which drove them to make war. These incentives, which Hoffman explores using an economic model of political costs and financial resources, resulted in astonishingly rapid growth in Europe’s military sector from the Middle Ages on, and produced an insurmountable lead in gunpowder technology. The consequences determined which states established colonial empires or ran the slave trade, and even which economies were the first to industrialize. -- Professor of Business Economics and professor of history at CalTech. His books include Growth in a Traditional Society (PUP), Surviving Large Losses, and Priceless Markets. -- ebook and pbk not yet released --text 200 pgs, data, mideks in appendices ~35 pgs -- downloaded 1st chapter excerptbooks kindle-available Great_Divergence economic_history political_history political_culture military_history technology gunpowder colonialism imperialism Europe Europe-exceptionalism Europe-Medieval Europe-Early_Modern incentives wars-causes war Innovation technology-adoption historical_sociology historical_change balance_of_power path-dependency Tilly Mann_Michael state-building downloaded
june 2015 by dunnettreader
related tagsbalance_of_power ⊕ books ⊕ colonialism ⊕ downloaded ⊕ economic_history ⊖ Europe ⊕ Europe-Early_Modern ⊕ Europe-exceptionalism ⊕ Europe-Medieval ⊕ Great_Divergence ⊕ gunpowder ⊕ historical_change ⊕ historical_sociology ⊕ imperialism ⊕ incentives ⊕ Innovation ⊕ kindle-available ⊕ Mann_Michael ⊕ military_history ⊕ path-dependency ⊕ political_culture ⊕ political_history ⊕ state-building ⊕ technology ⊕ technology-adoption ⊕ Tilly ⊕ war ⊖ wars-causes ⊕
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