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The Coordinated Activity Theory of the Firm by Peter Dorman :: SSRN
This paper proceeds from the assumption that economies are characterized by a high degree of interactive nonconvexity in most activities and at most scales. The consequence is nonconvex production and preference sets and the corresponding inefficiency of myopic algorithms. One application of this perspective is the theory of the firm. Conventional theories explain the existence, boundaries and internal organization of firms on the basis of contracting costs that impede the otherwise optimizing properties of market decentralization. I propose instead an approach in which the motive for organizing production within rather than between institutions is to internalize nonconvexities, thereby obtaining the benefit of explicitly coordinated plans. A useful device for representing this problem is the profit landscape, understood to be nonconvex in the sense that fitness landscapes are in evolutionary theory. Firms face three types of challenges, optimizing with respect to a particular profit hill (the problem analyzed in standard microeconomics), selecting a desirable hill, and achieving flexibility to transition between hills in the face of environmental change. These entail tradeoffs, which are reflected in the diversity of personnel, organizational, and innovation strategies observed in actual enterprises. While the use of the landscape metaphor in coordinated activity theory resembles a similar deployment in evolutionary economics, the two approaches differ in the questions they ask and the units of observation and analysis they employ. The applicability of the coordinated activity model is underscored by its congruence with the bulk of management literature, which can be understood more readily in terms of hill-selection than, or in addition to, the hill-climbing paradigm of conventional economics. In this sense, the existing management literature already provides a body of empirical and applied support for coordinated activity theory, although not generally for the socially-founded objectives of economics.

Keywords: theory of the firm, evolutionary economics, nonconvexities
firms-theory  downloaded  SSRN  firms-organization  firms-structure 
march 2018 by dunnettreader
Paul Krugman Looks Back at the Last Twenty Years of the Macroeconomic Policy Debate
Everybody interested in macroeconomics or macroeconomic policy should know this topic backwards and forwards by heart. My problem is that I do not see how I can…
paper  downloaded  macroeconomics  from instapaper
february 2018 by dunnettreader
Susan Haack’s Scientism and its Discontents | Rounded Globe
Susan Haack’s Scientism and its Discontents is based on her September 2016 Agnes Cuming Lectures at University College, Dublin. - Download epub version to Dropbox
sociology_of_science_&_technology  ebooks  epistemology  postmodern  pragmatism  philosophy_of_science  scepticism  downloaded  scientism 
december 2017 by dunnettreader
Michael Kang - Gerrymandering and the Constitutional Norm Against Government Partisanship (2017) :: SSRN
Win election law prize - Michigan Law Review, Vol. 116, No. 3, Dec. 2017, Forthcoming- Emory Legal Studies Research Paper
71 Pages
Posted: 17 Aug 2017; Last revised: 28 Oct 2017
Michael S. Kang, Emory University School of Law
The Article challenges the basic premise in the law of partisan gerrymandering that government partisan purpose is constitutional at all. The central problem, Justice Scalia once explained in Vieth v. Jubelirer, is that partisan gerrymandering becomes unconstitutional only when it “has gone too far,” giving rise to the intractable inquiry into “how much is too much.” But the premise that partisanship is an ordinary and lawful purpose, articulated as settled law and widely understood as such, is largely wrong as constitutional doctrine. The Article surveys constitutional law to demonstrate the vitality of an important, if implicit norm against government partisanship across a variety of settings. From political patronage, to government speech, to election administration and even in redistricting itself, Vieth is the exception in failing to bar tribal partisanship as a legitimate state interest in lawmaking. The puzzle therefore is why the Supreme Court in Vieth diverged from this overarching norm for legislative redistricting where the need for government nonpartisanship is most acute and so rarely met. The Article proposes a purpose-focused approach that identifies partisanship as an illegitimate basis for lawmaking and requires the government to justify its redistricting with reference to legitimate state interests beyond partisanship, irrespective of extreme partisan effects. The importance of consolidating and reifying the norm against government partisanship, in its most salient legal context, cannot be overstated at a time when hyperpolarization between the major parties dominates national politics and is at its most severe in our lifetime.
Keywords: gerrymandering, redistricting, Whitford v. Gill, partisanship, parties, Bandemer
constitutional_law  political_participation  Evernote  gerrymandering  public_interest  SSRN  accountability  partisanship  liberalism-public_reason  democracy  article  downloaded  US_constitution  corruption  legitimacy  SCOTUS  elections 
november 2017 by dunnettreader
Gierke (Maitland trans) - Political Theories of the Middle Ages - Online Library of Liberty
Otto von Gierke, Political Theories of the Middle Ages, translated with an Introduction by Frederic William Maitland (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1900). 9/14/2017. <http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/2562> -- downloaded via Air to Dbox - in "ebooks to file"
downloaded  books  medieval_history  medieval_philosophy  political_philosophy  Germany  Holy_Roman_Empire 
september 2017 by dunnettreader
Jeffrey Edward Green - Rawls and the Forgotten Figure of the Most Advantaged: In Defense of Reasonable Envy toward the Superrich (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
This article aims to correct the widespread imbalance in contemporary liberal thought, which makes explicit appeal to the "least advantaged" without parallel attention to the "most advantaged" as a distinct group in need of regulatory attention. Rawls's influential theory of justice is perhaps the paradigmatic instance of this imbalance, but I show how a Rawlsian framework nonetheless provides three justifications for why implementers of liberal justice—above all, legislators—should regulate the economic prospects of a polity's richest citizens: as a heuristic device for ensuring that a system of inequalities not reach a level at which inequalities cease being mutually advantageous, as protection against excessive inequalities threatening civic liberty, and as redress for a liberal society's inability to fully realize fair equality of opportunity with regard to education and politics. Against the objection that such arguments amount to a defense of envy, insofar as they support policies that in certain instances impose economic costs on the most advantaged with negative or neutral economic impact on the rest of society, I attend to Rawls's often overlooked distinction between irrational and reasonable forms of envy, showing that any envy involved in the proposed regulation of the most advantaged falls within this latter category. - downloaded via iphone to dbox
politics-and-money  political_participation  inequality-wealth  regulatory_capture  political_philosophy  political_culture  tax_havens  Early_Republic  inequality  estate_tax  intellectual_history  inheritance  republicanism  Plato-Republic  elites-political_influence  Jefferson  Harrington  crony_capitalism  Europe-Early_Modern  fairness  article  Aristotle  social_capital  social_theory  Rawls  social_democracy  Machiavelli  Plato  inequality-opportunity  jstor  bibliography  ancient_Rome  regulation  justice  liberalism  egalitarian  regulatory_avoidance  interest_groups  legitimacy  deliberative_democracy  political_history  class_conflict  downloaded  education-elites  social_order  elites-self-destructive  Roman_Republic  ancient_Greece  republics-Ancient_v_Modern 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
We document a divergence in the duration of rule for monarchs in Western Europe and the Islamic world beginning in the medieval period. While leadership tenures in the two regions were similar in the 8th century, Christian kings became increasingly long lived compared to Muslim sultans. We argue that forms of executive constraint that emerged under feudal institutions in Western Europe were associated with increased political stability and find empirical support for this argument. While feudal institutions served as the basis for military recruitment by European monarchs, Muslim sultans relied on mamlukism—or the use of military slaves imported from non-Muslim lands. Dependence on mamluk armies limited the bargaining strength of local notables vis-à-vis the sultan, hindering the development of a productively adversarial relationship between ruler and local elites. We argue that Muslim societies' reliance on mamluks, rather than local elites, as the basis for military leadership, may explain why the Glorious Revolution occurred in England, not Egypt. - downloaded via iphone to dbox
governance-participation  Sultans  Islamic_empires  Europe  military_history  medieval_history  political_participation  article  political_history  political_culture  feudalism  militarization-society  Mamluks  bibliography  Europe-Medieval  monarchy  Great_Divergence  governing_class  government-forms  elites-political_influence  downloaded  state-building  jstor 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
David Ciepley - Beyond Public and Private: Toward a Political Theory of the Corporation (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
This article challenges the liberal, contractual theory of the corporation and argues for replacing it with a political theory of the corporation. Corporations are government-like in their powers, and government grants them both their external "personhood" and their internal governing authority. They are thus not simply private. Yet they are privately organized and financed and therefore not simply public. Corporations transgress all the basic dichotomies that structure liberal treatments of law, economics, and politics: public/private, government/market, privilege/equality, and status/contract. They are "franchise governments" that cannot be satisfactorily assimilated to liberalism. The liberal effort to assimilate them, treating them as contractually constituted associations of private property owners, endows them with rights they ought not have, exacerbates their irresponsibility, and compromises their principal public benefit of generating long-term growth. Instead, corporations need to be placed in a distinct category—neither public nor private, but "corporate"—to be regulated by distinct rules and norms. - downloaded via iphone to dbox
organizations  institutional_economics  corporations  corporate_citizenship  markets-dependence_on_government  article  corporate_control  institutions  management  public-private_gaps  bibliography  social_contract  liberalism  jstor  property_rights  downloaded  corporate_law  political_theory  managerialism  corporate_governance  corporate_personhood  firms-organization  property 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Robert S. Taylor - Market Freedom as Antipower (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
Historically, republicans were of different minds about markets: some, such as Rousseau, reviled them, while others, like Adam Smith, praised them. The recent republican resurgence has revived this issue. Classical liberals such as Gerald Gaus contend that neorepublicanism is inherently hostile to markets, while neorepublicans like Richard Dagger and Philip Pettit reject this characterization—though with less enthusiasm than one might expect. I argue here that the right republican attitude toward competitive markets is celebratory rather than acquiescent and that republicanism demands such markets for the same reason it requires the rule of law: because both are essential institutions for protecting individuals from arbitrary interference. I reveal how competition restrains—and in the limit, even eradicates— market power and thereby helps us realize "market freedom," i.e., freedom as nondomination in the context of economic exchange. Finally, I show that such freedom necessitates "Anglo-Nordic" economic policies. - downloaded via iphone to dbox
Pettit  capitalism-alternatives  downloaded  markets_in_everything  capitalism-varieties  republicanism  bibliography  political_economy  Rousseau  Smith  market_failure  markets-dependence_on_government  jstor  commerce-doux  freedom  domination  market_fundamentalism  Gaus_Gerald  markets  political_theory  capitalism  article  competition  markets-structure 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Marcus Agnafors - Quality of Government: Toward a More Complex Definition (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
Concepts such as "quality of government" and "good governance" refer to a desired character of the exercise of public authority. Recently the interest in good governance, the quality of government, and similar concepts has increased considerably. However, despite this increasing interest and use, an adequate definition of the concept of quality of government has proved difficult to find. This article criticizes recent attempts at such a definition and proposes an alternative, more complex definition that includes moral content and also encompasses a plurality of values and virtues at its core. An acceptable definition of the quality of governance must be consistent with the demands of a public ethos, the virtues of good decision making and reason giving, the rule of law, efficiency, stability, and a principle of beneficence. The article describes these components in detail and the relations among them. - downloaded via iphone to dbox
corruption  governance  comparative_politics  accountability  government-public_communication  jstor  bibliography  article  community  common_good  morality  political_theory  political_culture  downloaded  public_interest  public_reason  deliberation-public  diversity  governance-participation  good_government  rule_of_law 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Andrew March - Rethinking Religious Reasons in Public Justification (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
This article intervenes in the debate on the place of religious arguments in public reason. I advance the debate not by asking whether something called "religious reasons" ought to be invoked in the justification of coercive laws, but by creating a typology of (a) different kinds and forms of religious arguments and, more importantly, (b) different areas of political and social life which coercive laws regulate or about which human political communities deliberate. Religious arguments are of many different kinds, are offered to others in a variety of ways, and the spheres of life about which communities deliberate pose distinct moral questions. Turning back to the public reason debate, I argue then that political liberals ought to be concerned primarily about the invocation of a certain subset of religious reasons in a certain subset of areas of human activity, but also that inclusivist arguments on behalf of religious contributions to public deliberation fail to justify the use of religious arguments in all areas of public deliberation. - downloaded via iphone to dbox
jstor  norms  liberalism-public_reason  politics-and-religion  discourse-political_theory  article  public_reason  political_theory  liberal_democracy  downloaded  democracy  deliberation-public  political_discourse  bibliography 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Theoretical work on taxation and state-building borrows heavily from early modern European experience. While a number of European states increased centralized tax revenues during this period, for others revenues stagnated or even declined and these variations have motivated alternative arguments for the determinants of fiscal and state capacity. This study reviews the arguments concerning the three determinants that have received most attention, namely warfare, economic structure, and political regime, and tests them by making use of a new and comprehensive tax revenue dataset. Our main finding is that these three determinants worked in interaction with each other. Specifically, when under pressure of war, it was representative regimes in more urbanized-commercial economies and authoritarian regimes in more rural-agrarian economies that tended to better aggregate domestic interests towards state-building. - Downloaded via iphone
tax_collection  taxes  state-building  nation-state  urban_politics  competition-interstate  political_culture  political_participation  agriculture-surplus  Absolutism  government_finance  fiscal-military_state  agriculture  Europe-Early_Modern  economic_history  article  bibliography  political_sociology  central_government  19thC  financial_instiutions  downloaded  18thC  15thC  urban_elites  military_history  political_economy  17thC  governing_class  constitutional_regime  local_government  fiscal_policy  16thC  government-forms  jstor  Crown_finance  financial_system 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
W. James Booth - Culture and Continuity: A Response to Alan Patten's "Rethinking Culture: The Social Lineage Account" (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
Alan Patten's social lineage account of cultural continuity is the most recent effort to provide multicultural theory with a non-essentialist concept of culture, its continuity and loss that meets broadly liberal normative desiderata. In this essay, I argue that it too fails to offer an alternative essentialism, to meet standard liberal normative stipulations, and to construct a theory of continuity sufficient to underpin the present claims of involuntarily incorporated communities. That result is theoretically interesting for it shows the deep intractability of the problems at the core of liberal multiculturalism. - Downloaded via iphone
downloaded  jstor  identity-multiple  community  liberalism  article  multiculturalism  bibliography  political_culture  nationalism  immigration  political_theory  books  essentialism  culture_wars  reviews  cultural_change  political_sociology  minorities  political_science  national_ID 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Alan Patton - Cultural Preservation and Liberal Values: A Reply to William James Booth (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
William James Booth elaborates three main challenges to my social lineage account (Patten 2011). Conceptually, he finds the proposal to be question-beginning. Normatively, he thinks that it has objectionable implications. And, substantively, he claims that the proposal is unhelpful, that it fails to explain a case of theoretical importance for multiculturalism. In this reply, I argue that each of these challenges misses the target. The social lineage account continues to offer a promising, nonessentialist basis for normative multiculturalism. - Downloaded via iphone
cultural_change  social_theory  US_politics  indigenous_peoples  US_society  culture_wars  political_sociology  cultural_diversity  minorities  identity-multiple  political_culture  culture  essentialism  political_theory  downloaded  liberalism  multiculturalism  national_ID  article  bibliography  nationalism  political_science  jstor  cultural_transmission  community  US_politics-race  cultural_stability  mass_culture 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Revisiting the theory of institutional hybridity and diversity developed by Vincent and Elinor Ostrom to cope with the challenge of the "neither states nor markets" institutional domain, this article reconstructs the Ostromian system along the "value heterogeneity-co-productionpolycentricity" axis. It articulates the elements of a theory of value heterogeneity and of the fuzzy boundaries between private and public. It rebuilds the model of co-production, clarifying the ambiguity surrounding a key technical public choice theoretical assumption, and it demonstrates (a) why it should not be confused with the Alchian-Demsetz team production model and (b) how co-production engenders a type of market failure that has been neglected so far. In light of this analysis, the article reconsiders polycentricity, the capstone of the Ostromian system, explaining why polycentricity may be seen as a solution both to this co-production market failure problem and to the problems of social choice in conditions of deep heterogeneity. It also discusses further normative corollaries. - Downloaded via iphone
power  market_failure  political_economy  centralization  power-asymmetric  governance  downloaded  public-private_gaps  bargaining  institutional_economics  commons  article  normativity  accountability  common_good  jstor  political_science  decentralization  public_goods  public_choice  norms 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
What determines when states adopt war taxes to finance the cost of conflict? We address this question with a study of war taxes in the United States between 1789 and 2010. Using logit estimation of the determinants of war taxes, an analysis of roll-call votes on war tax legislation, and a historical case study of the Civil War, we provide evidence that partisan fiscal differences account whether the United States finances its conflicts through war taxes or opts for alternatives such as borrowing or expanding the money supply. Because the fiscal policies implemented to raise the revenues for war have considerable and often enduring redistributive impacts, war finance—in particular, war taxation—becomes a high-stakes political opportunity to advance the fiscal interests of core constituencies. Insofar as the alternatives to taxation shroud the actual costs of war, the findings have important implications for democratic accountability and the conduct of conflict. - Downloaded via iphone
US_history  downloaded  politics-and-money  US_military  deficit_finance  sovereign_debt  business_cycles  international_finance  fiscal_policy  Congress  US_foreign_policy  capital_markets  fiscal-military_state  political_history  article  political_economy  monetary_policy  taxes  US_politics  accountability  financial_system  redistribution  business-and-politics 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Political science is divided between methodological individualists, who seek to explain political phenomena by reference to individuals and their interactions, and holists (or nonreductionists), who consider some higher-level social entities or properties such as states, institutions, or cultures ontologically or causally significant. We propose a reconciliation between these two perspectives, building on related work in philosophy. After laying out a taxonomy of different variants of each view, we observe that (i) although political phenomena result from underlying individual attitudes and behavior, individual-level descriptions do not always capture all explanatorily salient properties, and (ii) nonreductionistic explanations are mandated when social regularities are robust to changes in their individual-level realization. We characterize the dividing line between phenomena requiring nonreductionistic explanation and phenomena permitting individualistic explanation and give examples from the study of ethnic conflicts, social-network theory, and international-relations theory. - downloaded via iphone to Dbox
positivism  emergence  reductionism  causation-social  critical_realism  epistemology-social  article  methodology  jstor  social_history  causation  downloaded  philosophy_of_social_science  individualism-methodology 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Do big cities exert more power than less populous ones in American state legislatures? In many m m political systems, greater representation leads to more policy gains, yet for most of the nation's history, urban advocates have argued that big cities face systematic discrimination in statehouses. Drawing on a new historical dataset spanning 120 years and 13 states, we find clear evidence that there is strength in numbers for big-city delegations in state legislatures. District bills affecting large metropolises fail at much higher rates than bills affecting small cities, counties, and villages. Big cities lose so often because size leads to damaging divisions. We demonstrate that the cities with the largest delegations—are more likely to be internally divided—are the most frustrated in the legislative process. Demographic differences also matter, with district bills for cities that have many foreign-born residents, compared the state as a whole, failing at especially high rates. -- Downloaded via iphone
downloaded  political_history  women-in-politics  political_science  states  state_government  jstor  immigration  rights-political  20thC  19thC  US_politics  Catholics-and-politics  US_society  local_politics  urban_politics  urban_rural_divides  state_legislatures  bibliography  US_history  article  political_culture  alliances-political  welfare_state  urban_development  political_participation  US_politics-race 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Timothy Lukes - Lionizing Machiavelli (2001) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
Machiavelli scholarship is prolific but claustrophobic. Even though chapter 18 of The Prince advises the aspiring leader to emulate both lion and fox, commentators ignore or devalue the lion and focus on the fox. Machiavelli is thereby depicted as a champion of cleverness and deception, and not much else. This article takes up the lion. It argues that Machiavelli's lion is not a simple and violent beast, but is rather a complex tutor that complements clinical and lonely foxiness with crucial injections of virility and community. - Downloaded via iphone
Machiavelli  political_theory  downloaded  article  statesmen  republicanism  bibliography 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Richard Ned Lebow - Thucydides the Constructivist (2001) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
The most superficial level of Thucydides' history examines the destructive consequences of domestic and foreign policies framed outside the language of justice. His deeper political-philosophical aim was to explore the relationship between nomos (convention) and phusis (nature) and its implications for civilization. Thucydides concludes that nomos constructs identities and channels and restrains the behavior of individuals and societies. Speech and reason (logos) in turn make nomos possible because all conventions depend on shared meanings. The feedback loop between logoi (words) and ergoi (deeds) created Greek civilization but also the international and civil strife (stasis) associated with the Peloponnesian War. International security and civil order depend upon recovering the meanings of words and the conventions they enable. Thucydides should properly be considered a constructivist. -- Downloaded via iphone
ancient_Greece  article  constructivism  Thucydides  IR_theory  downloaded  ancient_history 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Trade Agreements as Vectors for the Nagoya Protocol's Implementation | Centre for International Governance Innovation - 2017
A growing number of trade agreements include provisions related to access to genetic resources and the sharing of the benefits that arise out of their utilization. This paper maps the distribution and the diversity of these provisions. It identifies
 a great variety of provisions regarding sovereignty over genetic resources, the protection of traditional knowledge, prior informed consent, the disclosure of origin in patent applications and conditions for bioprospecting activities. It also finds that some recent trade agreements provide specific measures designed to facilitate the implementation of access and benefit-sharing (ABS) provisions, including measures related to technical assistance, transparency and dispute settlements. Thus,
 it appears that trade negotiations can become
 vectors for the implementation of ABS obligations stemming from the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Nagoya Protocol on Access
 to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization.
 The integration of ABS commitments into trade agreements, however, varies greatly, depending
 on the countries involved. While Latin American countries have played a pioneering role, Canada and the United States still lag behind. The most exemplary ABS standards are not yet widely used, perhaps because they remain little known. These provisions deserve greater attention and should be integrated more widely into international trade agreements.
trade-agreements  genetic_resources  bioprospecting  genetics  IP  paper  Evernote  downloaded  sovereignty  biodiversity  biology  pharma 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Leblanc, Maurice - L’Aiguille creuse | Bibebook
L'aiguille creuse est le deuxième secret de la reine Marie-Antoinette et de Cagliostro (fortune des rois de France). Le Mystère de l'Aiguille creuse renferme un secret que les rois de France se transmettaient et dont Arsène Lupin s'est rendu maître. La fameuse aiguille contient le plus fabuleux trésor jamais imaginé, il rassemble les dots des reines, perles, rubis, saphirs et diamants...
detectives  novels  pre-WWI  20thC  French_language  downloaded  ebooks 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
Leblanc, Maurice - La Barre-y-va | Bibebook
Raoul d’Avenac, alias Arsène Lupin, rentre tard un soir du théâtre, dans une de ses garçonnières. À sa surprise, l'appartement est tout éclairé et une jolie jeune femme blonde est là, appuyée sur un guéridon et qui semble l’attendre. Raoul pense à une bonne fortune mais la « gracieuse vision » ne veut pas qu’il la touche. En réalité, elle est épouvantée et c’est pour chercher refuge qu’elle s’est introduite chez lui. Dans le même temps, une vieille connaissance, le brigadier Théodore Béchoux, appelle Lupin par téléphone de la région normande où il est en convalescence, pour lui demander de l’aide dans une affaire compliquée près du Havre, à Radicatel, une localité qui n’est visiblement pas inconnue de la belle visiteuse
French_language  downloaded  novels  ebooks  20thC  entre_deux_guerres  detectives 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
Leblanc, Maurice - La demoiselle aux yeux verts | Bibebook
Alors qu'il flâne dans les rues de Paris, Arsène Lupin se met subitement à suivre un homme filant une touriste anglaise aux cheveux blonds et aux yeux bleus… Plus tard installé dans une pâtisserie du boulevard Haussmann, il remarque à une table une demoiselle aux cheveux blonds et aux yeux verts… Il ne se doute alors pas des nombreuses péripéties qui l'attendent. Et une nouvelle fiancée en perspective...
downloaded  ebooks  novels  detectives  French_language  20thC  entre_deux_guerres 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
Leblanc, Maurice - Le triangle d’or | Bibebook
Un mutilé de guerre, le capitaine Patrice Belval déjoue une tentative d'enlèvement sur une infirmière connue sous le sobriquet de Maman Coralie. Amoureux de la jeune femme, il découvre bientôt que celle-ci est mariée, à l'occasion de l'assassinat sauvage de son mari. Ce crime est lié à une conjuration pour vider la France de ses réserves d'or (la 1re Guerre Mondiale bat son plein) et également à un mystère liant les deux jeunes gens.
downloaded  20thC  detectives  WWI  novels  entre_deux_guerres  French_language  ebooks 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
Leblanc, Maurice - L'île aux Trente-Cercueils | Bibebook
Le volume sort en librairie en octobre 1919. À noter qu'en 1922, il sortira en deux volumes : Véronique et La Pierre miraculeuse. Il relate les aventures de Véronique d'Hergemont, à la recherche de son père et de son fils, déclarés morts en 1902.
ebooks  20thC  entre_deux_guerres  novels  French_language  downloaded  detectives 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
Leblanc, Maurice - La demeure mystérieuse | Bibebook
chez Pierre Lafitte en juillet 1929. Il met en scène le gentleman-cambrioleur Arsène Lupin et fait suite à L'Agence Barnett et Cie, dont on retrouve un personnage phare, le brigadier Béchoux. À Paris, en 1907, un enlèvement est commis à l'Opéra durant un défilé de haute couture: la belle chanteuse Régine Aubry est conduite par deux individus dans une maison non-identifiée où on la dépouille de son corselet de diamants. Puis elle est relâchée, sans sa parure évidemment au grand dam du diamantaire véreux Van Houben qui avait conçu la robe.
downloaded  detectives  French_language  20thC  novels  entre_deux_guerres  ebooks 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
Leblanc, Maurice - Arsène Lupin, gentleman cambrioleu | Bibebook
Arsène Lupin, gentleman-cambrioleur est un recueil de neuf nouvelles, écrites par Maurice Leblanc, qui constituent les premières aventures d'Arsène Lupin. La première nouvelle du recueil, L'Arrestation d'Arsène Lupin, est publiée en juillet 1905 dans le journal Je sais tout. Il s'agit de la première nouvelle mettant en œuvre Arsène Lupin. Celle-ci ayant rencontré un réel succès, Maurice Leblanc est encouragé à écrire la suite par son éditeur. Or, comme l'auteur est perplexe sur la façon poursuivre les aventures d'un héros qui vient d'être coffré, l'éditeur l'enjoint de le faire évader. La saga du gentleman-cambrioleur est née. Plusieurs nouvelles paraissent dans Je sais tout, à intervalles irréguliers, jusqu'en 1907, avant d'être regroupées en volume.
20thC  French_language  short_stories  ebooks  downloaded  detectives  pre-WWI 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
Leblanc, Maurice - La femme aux deux sourires | Bibebook
chez Laffite en volume in-12, en juillet 1933. L’inspecteur principal Gorgeret est sur la piste de Clara la Blonde, fichée comme la maîtresse du grand Paul, sur la trace duquel elle est susceptible de mettre les policiers qui l’ont prise en filature. Jolie, tournure élégante, cheveux blonds ondulés, yeux bleus, entre 20 et 25 ans, voilà un signalement qui ne pourra pas laisser indifférent un certain monsieur Raoul. Par une chance extraordinaire, cette demoiselle vient sonner à son domicile. Par erreur puisqu’elle voulait voir l’habitant de l’étage au-dessus, le marquis Jean d’Erlemont.
detectives  entre_deux_guerres  downloaded  ebooks  novels  French_language  20thC 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
Leblanc, Maurice - Le bouchon de cristal | Bibebook
Ce roman parut en feuilleton dans Le Journal, de septembre à novembre 1912. Le volume sortira en librairie dans la foulée. Maurice Leblanc s'est inspiré dans ce roman du célèbre scandale de Panamá (1892-1893). Il emprunte par ailleurs à la nouvelle La Lettre volée d'Edgar Allan Poe l'idée consistant à mettre très en évidence l'objet que l'on veut cacher. Au cours d'un cambriolage chez le député Daubrecq, un crime est commis et deux complices d'Arsène Lupin sont arrêtés par la police. L'un est coupable du crime, l'autre innocent mais les deux seront condamnés à mort. Lupin va s'employer à délivrer la victime de l'erreur judiciaire.
novels  20thC  French_language  downloaded  detectives  pre-WWI  ebooks 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
Gaboriau, Émile - Les gens de bureau | Bibebook
Une satire féroce et réjouissante de l'administration et de la vie des bureaux. Extrait : Cet homme impénétrable est le grand ressort du ministère, un ressort d'acier. C'est sur sa présentation que se font toutes les nominations et toutes les promotions. Il est le dispensateur de l'avancement, dispensateur avare ; à lui s'adressent tous les vœux, à lui toutes les prières ; il est de la part du peuple employé l'objet d'un culte analogue à celui que le lazzarone napolitain professe pour son grand saint Janvier. Le fanatisme y touche de près à l'insulte, l'adoration à l'outrage. Le miracle de l'avancement ou de la gratification a-t-il eu lieu, Dieu ne fait pas fleurir assez de roses pour le saint Janvier de l'Équilibre ; mais le bienheureux du personnel a-t-il fait la sourde oreille, ce n'est plus du rez-de-chaussée aux combles de la maison qu'un formidable concert d'invectives et d'imprécations. Impassible, il ne sait rien de cet orage.
French_language  novels  satire  French_lit  downloaded  19thC  ebooks 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
Gaboriau, Émile - Le dossier 113 | Bibebook
Un vol important vient d'être commis rue de Provence à Paris, au préjudice de la banque Fauvel. Or, deux personnes seulement connaissaient la combinaison du coffre duquel 300000 francs ont été soustraits... Après une enquête sommaire, la police arrête Prosper Bertomy, le caissier principal. Mais une seconde enquête commence, menée par l'inspecteur Fanferlot, surnommé l'Écureuil, qui découvre l'existence de Nina Gipsy, une mystérieuse jeune femme entretenue par le caissier... Fanferlot fait alors appel au redoutable policier Lecoq. Aux côtés de celui-ci, il remonte la piste d'une affaire beaucoup plus complexe. Et nous voilà transportés des années en arrière, sous la Restauration, tandis que l'auteur nous dévoile une mystification d'envergure, historique, tout autant que criminelle.
detectives  French_language  French_lit  downloaded  novels  19thC  ebooks 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
Gaboriau, Émile - Le crime d’Orcival | Bibebook
Deux braconniers, le père et le fils, trouvent Berthe de Trémorel sauvagement assassinée dans le parc du chateau du comte de Trémorel, son époux, ce dernier restant introuvable. Ils sont vite accusés, avec un domestique du chateau au comportement suspect et sans alibi, du meurtre de ces deux notables très appréciés de leurs concitoyens d'Orcival. Les trois suspects, défavorablement connus des services de la police, s'enferment dans un mutisme révélateur. À peine arrivé, l'inspecteur Lecoq, constate que l'enquête a été baclée et la reprend à zéro. Il propose rapidement un début d'explication qui va à l'encontre de celle du juge d'instruction, ce dernier restant persuadé de la justesse de son analyse de la situation...
novels  detectives  19thC  downloaded  ebooks  French_lit  French_language 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
Gaboriau, Émile - Monsieur Lecoq | Bibebook
Un crime odieux a été commis dans un infâme bouge parisien baptisé La Poivrière. Après une longue filature, l'inspecteur Lecoq arrête un saltimbanque prétendant s'appeler Mai. Le policier se demande alors si ce curieux individu ne pourrait être le duc de Sairmeuse, mêlé à une ancienne et ténébreuse affaire. L'enquête nous entraîne à rebrousse-temps vers le théâtre d'un complot entre deux familles et aux sources d'une énigme passionnante qui s'impose par l'analyse psychologique et la dimension historique.
In 2 volumes, both downloaded via iphone to Dbox
downloaded  French_language  ebooks  French_lit  19thC  novels  detectives 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
Gaboriau, Émile - L'affaire Lerouge | Bibebook
D’abord publié en feuilleton en 1863 dans le journal Le Pays, où il passa inaperçu, il est repris en 1866 par le journal Le Soleil et remporte un immense succès. Ce roman s'inspire du meurtre, à la fin du Second Empire, de la veuve Célestin Lerouge, égorgée dans le quartier de la place d'Italie et dont l'assassin n'a jamais été retrouvé. Émile Gaboriau, enquêtant pour le compte de son journal Le Soleil, va durant des semaines tenir en haleine un public toujours plus nombreux avec un art déroutant qui va tout de suite en faire un maître de l'angoisse, et l'inventeur du roman policier. Gaboriau excelle à dérouter son lecteur.
French_language  novels  ebooks  19thC  downloaded  detectives  French_lit 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
Mirbeau, Octave - La Maréchale - Télécharger | Bibebook
An early novel written under pseudonym
Downloaded epub via iphone to Dbox
Available in mobi and pdf
Mirbeau  downloaded  French_lit  19thC  French_language  novels  ebooks 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
DUMAS, Alexandre – La Comtesse de Charny | Litterature audio.com
Reader: Gustave - 54 hrs
La Comtesse de Charny, écrit en 1853, fait suite à Ange Pitou (terminé abruptement, ce dont s’explique l’auteur) et termine donc la saga des Mémoires d’un médecin. Le roman raconte la Révolution française, des journées d’octobre 1789 à l’exécution de Louis XVI, et mêle à l’histoire les personnages de fiction : Ange Pitou, Olivier de Charny, dont la reine est éprise, sa femme Andrée et son cadet, amoureux de Catherine Billot. Cagliostro achève ici le travail de destruction entamé dans Joseph Balsamo, et bien peu de personnages, somme toute, survivront à ces terribles événements…
audio-books  downloaded  18thC  French_Revolution  Terror  monarchy  royalists  French_Revolutionary_Wars  French_politics  historical_fiction  novels  19thC  French_lit  French_language  Dumas 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
FÉVAL, Paul – Le Bossu | Litterature audio.com
Reader: Plume - 23 hr
Fin du 17e siècle. Le règne de Louis XIV touche à sa fin. Non loin des Pyrénées, à Caylus-Tarrides, Henri de Lagardère, jeune soldat écervelé mais virtuose de l’épée découvre un complot visant à attirer le duc Philippe de Nevers dans un traquenard et à le tuer ainsi que la fille qu’il a eue avec Aurore de Caylus, fille du seigneur local. Lagardère se range aux côtés de Nevers mais il ne peut empêcher un mystérieux individu masqué de frapper le duc à mort. Il réussit cependant à sauver la petite fille et s’enfuit en Espagne. Vingt ans plus tard, Lagardère est de retour à Paris, bien décidé à venger Nevers et à rendre à sa fille son nom et sa position dans le monde. L’assassin de Nevers, Philippe de Gonzague, est devenu un seigneur puissant et prêt à tout pour mettre la main sur l’héritage de Nevers. Il est entouré d’une cour d’hommes dévoués corps et âmes, dont un bossu bien énigmatique.
L’œuvre la plus connue de Féval est un pur roman de cape et d’épée empli de grands sentiments et d’actions chevaleresques, servi avec le style plein d’ironie et une galerie de personnages secondaires dont les pitreries donnent une vraie tonalité humoristique au récit.
audio-books  downloaded  French_language  17thC  18thC  historical_fiction  novels  19thC  French_lit 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
DUMAS, Alexandre – Ange Pitou | Litterature audio.com
Reader: Gustave - 22 hr
Suite de la série Mémoires d’un médecin commencée avec Joseph Balsamo et Le Collier de la reine, Ange Pitou fut écrit en collaboration avec Auguste Maquet et parut dans La Presse en 1850-51. L’histoire commence à quelques jours de la Révolution où est entraîné Ange, brave garçon disgracié, amoureux et latiniste malheureux. Curieusement, il a moins à voir avec le journaliste royaliste de ce nom qu’avec Dumas lui-même, qui s’est inspiré de ses souvenirs pour créer le personnage, né comme lui à Villers-Cotterêts. En raison de mesures politiques prises contre les feuilletons, jugés responsables du relâchement des mœurs, le récit s’arrête abruptement, mais il s’enchaîne heureusement avec La Comtesse de Charny…
audio-books  downloaded  18thC  French_Revolution  royalists  monarchy  Dumas  historical_fiction  novels  19thC  French_lit  French_language 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
DUMAS, Alexandre – Le Collier de la reine | Litterature audio.com
Reader: Gustave - 28.5 hr
Le Collier de la reine, deuxième volet de la série Mémoires d’un médecin, parut dans La Presse en 1849 et 1850. L’intrigue est librement inspirée de la fameuse affaire du collier de la reine, escroquerie qui défraya la chronique politique et judiciaire à la cour de Louis XVI dans les années 1780. Le roman idéalise la reine Marie-Antoinette et imagine une sombre machination hâtant la fin d’un Ancien Régime décadent. On y retrouve avec plaisir les personnages de la vaste fresque commencée avec Joseph Balsamo et qui se poursuivra avec Ange Pitou et La Comtesse de Charny.
audio-books  downloaded  18thC  Ancien_régime  French_Revolution  public_opinion  political_culture  political_press  monarchy  Dumas  historical_fiction  novels  French_lit  19thC  French_language 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
DUMAS, Alexandre – Joseph Balsamo | Litterature audio.com
Reader - Gustave - 48 hr
Ce roman est inspiré de la vie et de la personnalité du comte de Cagliostro. C’est la première partie d’une série intitulée Mémoires d’un médecin, écrite avec Auguste Maquet et parue en feuilleton dans La Presse entre 1846 et 1849. L’action se situe à la fin du règne de Louis XV, de 1770 à 1774. Balsamo, qui œuvre au renversement de la monarchie française, manipule la comtesse du Barry, le duc de Richelieu et le cardinal de Rohan. Le roman suit aussi le jeune Gilbert, amoureux d’Andrée de Taverney qui l’ignore et le méprise. Envers du siècle des Lumières, occultisme, intrigues et conspirations : et si le véritable magicien n’était autre que Dumas ? Le roman fut porté à l’écran par André Hunebelle, avec Jean Marais dans le rôle titre. L’intrigue se poursuit avec Le Collier de la reine, Ange Pitou et La Comtesse de Charny.
audio-books  downloaded  18thC  Ancien_régime  France  Louis_V  free-thinkers  freemasons  Dumas  historical_fiction  novels  French_lit  French_language  19thC 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
DUMAS, Alexandre – Le Chevalier de Maison-Rouge | Litterature audio.com
Reader: Gustave - 12.5 hr
Le Chevalier de Maison-Rouge, publié en 1846, s’inspire de la vie d’Alexandre Gonsse de Rougeville. Un feuilleton télévisé, avec Dominique Paturel et Michel Le Royer, en est tiré.
Paris, mars 1793. Marie-Antoinette est prisonnière au Temple. Les gardes nationaux redoublent de vigilance : le chevalier de Maison-Rouge, connu pour l’amour qu’il porte à la reine, est capable de tout pour la sauver.
Dumas conte là une belle histoire d’amour (Maurice préfère son amour à son honneur) et d’amitié, mais aussi bien triste, comme la période qui sert de toile de fond. Les lecteurs de La Comtesse de Charny espéraient dans ce roman le retour du chevalier Philippe de Taverney de Maison-Rouge, amoureux malheureux de la reine. Et bien ce n’est pas le cas…
audio-books  downloaded  18thC  French_Revolution  Ancien_régime  monarchy  royalists  Dumas  historical_fiction  novels  French_lit  French_language  19thC 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
DUMAS, Alexandre – La Dame de Monsoreau | Litterature audio.com
Reader: Gustave - 28 hr 42 mn
La Dame de Monsoreau, roman publié en 1846, fait suite à La Reine Margot et précède Les Quarante-cinq. Il met en parallèle l’histoire d’amour entre Louis de Clermont, seigneur de Bussy d’Amboise et Diane de Méridor, épouse du comte de Monsoreau, et les troubles politiques et religieux du règne d’Henri III, notamment la rivalité qui l’oppose à son frère François, duc d’Alençon, personnage intrigant et sans honneur. On y trouve les figures attachantes de Chicot, fou du roi moins fou qu’il n’y paraît car il déjoue les intrigues menées contre son roi, ou son ami le moine Gorenflot, naïf et lâche épicurien. Ce roman en trois volumes, l’un des plus attachants de Dumas, a donné lieu dès 1971 à une série télévisée de l’ORTF, avant une nouvelle version en 2009, avec Esther Nubiola et Thomas Jouannet.
audio-books  downloaded  16thC  France  Wars_of_Religion  diplomatic_history  Reformation  Huguenots  Catholics  Dumas  novels  historical_fiction  French_lit  French_language  19thC 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
DUMAS, Alexandre – La Reine Margot | Litterature audio.com
Reader: Gustave - 19 hr 27 mn
La Reine Margot est l’un des grands romans d’Alexandre Dumas. Il fut écrit en 1845, publié dans La Presse et mis en scène peu après. L’auteur y met en scène les intrigues de cour, l’assassinat de Coligny, le massacre de la Saint-Barthélemy, l’idylle inventée avec le comte de la Mole ainsi que la pratique de la torture judiciaire. Le roman a renforcé la légende noire de Catherine de Médicis et la réputation de légèreté de Marguerite. Le film tiré du roman, réalisé par Patrice Chéreau en 1994 avec Isabelle Adjani dans le rôle-titre, a reçu deux prix au Festival de Cannes 1994 et cinq Césars en 1995.

La Reine Margot constitue le premier volet de la trilogie des Valois, et sera suivi par La Dame de Monsoreau et Les Quarante-cinq.
audio-books  downloaded  16thC  France  Wars_of_Religion  Huguenots  St_Barthelemy_Massacre  Henri_IV  novels  historical_fiction  Dumas  French_lit  French_language  19thC 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
DUMAS, Alexandre – Les Quarante-cinq | Litterature audio.com
Reader: Gustave - 27 hr 41 mn
Les Quarante-cinq, rédigé entre 1847-1848 avec l’aide de Maquet, est le troisième roman de la trilogie des Valois, faisant suite à La Reine Margot et La Dame de Monsoreau. Les Quarante-Cinq, gentilshommes gascons engagés par d’Épernon pour la garde d’Henri III, y tiennent d’ailleurs moins de place que les personnages de Chicot et de Diane de Monsoreau. Dumas prend ici bien des libertés avec les dates et les faits historiques, réunissant pour les besoins de sa narration la prise de Cahors par Henri de Navarre, la déroute d’Anjou devant Anvers ou la mort de ce prince. Le roman n’aura pas de suite, en dépit d’évidentes pistes ouvertes dans l’intrigue et les personnages.
audio-books  16thC  Reformation  Wars_of_Religion  France  novels  historical_fiction  Dumas  Henri_IV  Huguenots  Catholics  downloaded  French_lit  French_language  19thC 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
DUMAS, Alexandre – Une fille du régent | Litterature audio.com
Reader: Gustave - 11 hr -- downloaded
Publié en 1844 et écrit en collaboration avec Auguste Maquet, ce roman nous reporte à l’année 1719 et au règne du régent de France Philippe d’Orléans. Après la conspiration de Cellamare, voici celle de Gaston de Chanlay, jeune homme amoureux et naïf, et de ses compagnons, nobles bretons.
Dans cette tragédie à la fois œdipienne et cornélienne, le méchant est le ministre abbé Dubois, tandis que le régent présente une figure plutôt attachante. Il est surtout question d’honneur et d’amour dans ce roman peu connu, dont l’intrigue a aussi donné lieu à une pièce de théâtre, mais il nous réserve d’autres belles pages, notamment sur la vie à la Bastille…
audio-books  19thC  novels  Dumas  historical_fiction  Regency-France  downloaded  18thC  French_lit  French_language 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
Jason Frank - Review essay, Democracy and Domination in America (2012) | Political Theory on JSTOR
Reviewed Works:
In The Shadow of Dubois:Afro-Modern Political Thought in America by Robert Gooding-Williams;
The Undiscovered Dewey:Religion, Morality, and the Ethos of Democracy by Melvin L. Rogers
Review by: Jason Frank
Political Theory
Vol. 40, No. 3 (June 2012), pp. 379-386
Published by: Sage Publications, Inc.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41703030
Page Count: 8
Downloaded via Air to Dbox
downloaded  books  reviews  19thC  20thC  intellectual_history  US_history  US_politics  Douglass  Dubois  Dewey  political_philosophy  political_participation  domination  liberty  liberalism  republicanism  slavery  racial_discrimination  identity_politics  deliberative_democracy  democracy 
april 2017 by dunnettreader
Anna Foy - Grainger and the ‘Sordid Master’: Plantocratic Alliance in The Sugar-Cane and Its Manuscript (2017) | The Review of English Studies | Oxford Academic
Scholarship on James Grainger’s perceived alliance with the West Indian plantocracy in The Sugar-Cane has so far not assimilated relevant information from the poem’s extant manuscript. In an unpublished comment on Adam Smith’s Theory of Moral Sentiments, Grainger rejects Smith’s characterization of planters as ‘sordid masters’ and plans his ‘vindication’ of planters accordingly. The published poem largely fulfils this plan: it argues that planters are not heritably incapable of moral sentiment, even as it accepts the Enlightenment’s institutional critique of slavery as a political system that cultivates bad moral habits in slave masters. Grainger relies on conjectural-historical reasoning then typical of Enlightenment moral philosophy, and he posits ‘probity’ as a bulwark against Creole degeneration. Manuscript evidence suggests further that Grainger sought probity in his own philosophical outlook. Although modern scholars have sometimes seen the poem as an attempt to win plantocratic favour, political references confirm that he took a position in the Canada-Guadeloupe controversy opposed to that of the powerful West India Interest. Moreover, during the course of composition, Grainger altered his portraits of planters to make them less flattering and more satirical—an editing process consistent with his apparent desire for philosophical impartiality. -- Downloaded via iPhone to Dbox
Enlightenment  English_lit  Virgil  Scottish_Enlightenment  Kames  poetry  moral_philosophy  article  downloaded  West_Indies  imitation  British_Empire  slavery  18thC  civic_virtue  Smith 
april 2017 by dunnettreader
R. Bin Wong - Entre monde et nation: les régions braudéliennes en Asie (2001) | Annales on JSTOR
Entre monde et nation: les régions braudéliennes en Asie
R. Bin Wong, trans. Pierre-Étienne Will
Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales
56e Année, No. 1 (Jan. - Feb., 2001), pp. 5-41
downloaded  article  jstor  historiography  global_history  Asian_history  Chinese_history  East_Asia 
april 2017 by dunnettreader
Deepak Malhotra & J. Keith Murnighan - The Effects of Contracts on Interpersonal Trust (2002)| Administrative Science Quarterly at JSTOR
Administrative Science Quarterly
Vol. 47, No. 3 (Sep., 2002), pp. 534-559
DOI: 10.2307/3094850
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3094850
Topics: Contracts, Cooperation, Trust, Interpersonal interaction, Psychology, Social interaction, Social psychology, Situational attribution, Motivation, Organizational behavior
social_psychology  contracts  article  altruism  moral_psychology  punishment-altruistic  trust  organizations  downloaded  cooperation  firms-organization  motivation 
april 2017 by dunnettreader
Admati et al - The Leverage Ratchet Effect (WP 2016) | Stanford Graduate School of Business
The Leverage Ratchet Effect
By Anat R. Admati, Peter M. DeMarzo, Martin F. Hellwig, Paul Pfleiderer
October 11,2016Working Paper No. 3029
Economics, Corporate Governance
Firms’ inability to commit to future funding choices has profound consequences for capital structure dynamics. With debt in place, shareholders pervasively resist leverage reductions no matter how much such reductions may enhance firm value. Shareholders would instead choose to increase leverage even if debt levels are already high and new debt must be junior to existing debt. These asymmetric forces in leverage adjustments, which we call the leverage ratchet effect, cause equilibrium leverage outcomes to be history-dependent. When forced to reduce leverage, shareholders are biased toward selling assets relative to potentially more efficient alternatives such as pure recapitalizations.

Keywordscapital structure, leverage, agency costs of debt, dynamic capital structure, tradeoff theory of capital structure, capital regulation, bank equity, debt overhang, under-investment, recapitalization, deleveraging, bankruptcy costs
finance_capital  equity-corporate  downloaded  capital_markets  debt-seniority  debt-restructuring  corporate_governance  recapitalization  risk_capital  debt-overhang  leverage  equity  equity_markets  corporate_finance  debt 
april 2017 by dunnettreader
Paul Pfleiderer a Chameleons: The Misuse of Theoretical Models in Finance and Economics (2014) | Stanford Graduate School of Business
Chameleons: The Misuse of Theoretical Models in Finance and Economics
By Paul Pfleiderer
March 2014Working Paper No. 3020
In this essay I discuss how theoretical models in finance and economics are used in ways that make them “chameleons” and how chameleons devalue the intellectual currency and muddy policy debates. A model becomes a chameleon when it is built on assumptions with dubious connections to the real world but nevertheless has conclusions that are uncritically (or not critically enough) applied to understanding our economy. I discuss how chameleons are created and nurtured by the mistaken notion that one should not judge a model by its assumptions, by the unfounded argument that models should have equal standing until definitive empirical tests are conducted, and by misplaced appeals to “as-if” arguments, mathematical elegance, subtlety, references to assumptions that are “standard in the literature,” and the need for tractability.

financial_system  downloaded  macroeconomics  economic_policy  economic_theory  economic_models 
april 2017 by dunnettreader
(URL is a pff) Greg Clark & Neil Cummins - Surnames and Social Mobility, Human Nature (2015)
Surnames and Social Mobility
Gregory Clark1 Neil Cummins2
To what extent do parental characteristics explain child social outcomes? Typically, parent-child correlations in socioeconomic measures are in the range 0.2-0.6. Surname evidence suggests, however, that the intergenerational correlation of overall status is much higher. This paper shows, using educational status in England 1170-2012 as an example, that the true underlying correlation of social status is in the range 0.75-0.85. Social status is more strongly inherited even than height. This correlation is constant over centuries, suggesting an underlying social physics surprisingly immune to government intervention. Social mobility in England in 2012 is little greater than in pre-industrial times. Surname evidence in other countries suggests similarly slow underlying mobility rates.
KEYWORDS: Social Mobility, intergenerational correlation, status inheritance
Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
status  Europe-Early_Modern  article  downloaded  surnames  statistics  17thC  British_history  16thC  mobility  Industrial_Revolution  19thC  inheritance  demography  21stC  20thC  18thC  medieval_history 
february 2017 by dunnettreader
(URL is pdf) Clark, Cummins, Hao & Vidal - Surnames: a New Source for the History of Social Mobility (2015)
Surnames: a New Source for the History of Social Mobility, Explorations in Economic History (2015)
Gregory Clark, Neil Cummins, Yu Hao, Dan Diaz Vidal
This paper explains how surname distributions can be used as a way to measure rates of social mobility in contemporary and historical societies. This allows for estimates of social mobility rates for any population for which we know just two facts: the distribution of surnames overall, and the distribution of surnames among some elite or underclass. Such information exists, for example, for England back to 1300, and for Sweden back to 1700. However surname distributions reveal a different, more fundamental type of mobility than that conventionally estimated. Thus surname estimates also allow for measuring a different aspect of social mobility, the underlying average social status of families, but the aspect that matters for mobility of social groups, and for families across multiple generations.
KEYWORDS: Social Mobility, intergenerational correlation, status inheritance
Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
demography  elites  ethnic_groups  social_history  inequality  article  statistics  surnames  mobility  downloaded 
february 2017 by dunnettreader
(Url is a pdf) N. Cummins, M. Kelly & C. O'Grada - Living Standards and Plague in London, 1560–1665
Living Standards and Plague in London, 1560–1665.
Neil Cummins, Morgan Kelly, and Cormac Ó Gráda∗ 2015 forthcoming Economic History Review
Abstract -- We use records of 870,000 burials and 610,000 baptisms to recon- struct the spatial and temporal patterns of birth and death in London from 1560 to 1665, a period dominated by outbreaks of plague. The plagues of 1563, 1603, 1625, and 1665 appear of roughly equal mag- nitude, with deaths running at five to six times their usual rate, but the impact on wealthier central parishes falls markedly through time. Tracking the weekly spread of plague before 1665 we find a consis- tent pattern of elevated mortality spreading from the same two poor northern suburbs. Looking at the seasonal pattern of mortality, we find that the characteristic autumn spike associated with plague con- tinued in central parishes until the early 1700s, and in the poorer surrounding parishes until around 1730. Given that the symptoms of plague and typhus are frequently indistinguishable, claims that plague suddenly vanished from London after 1665 should be treated with caution. In contrast to the conventional view of London as an undif- ferentiated demographic sink we find that natural increase improved as smaller plagues disappeared after the 1580s, and that wealthier... Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
17thC  Black_Death  social_history  statistics  birth_rates  Mathusian_checks  living_standards  economic_history  medicine  political_arithmetick  death_rates  18thC  British_history  plague  London  demography  article  fertility  downloaded  16thC  spatial  segregation 
february 2017 by dunnettreader
G Clark & N Cummins - Urbanization, Mortality, & Fertility in Malthusian England | American Economic Review (2009) on JSTOR
The richest groups reduced fertility around 1800 - before improvements in child mortality. Contra to Clark's hypothesis linking behavior in pre and post industrial periods. "The prospects for a unified account of economic growth in both the Malthusian and the Solovian eras thus look decidedly poor." -- Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
19thC  demography  rural  fertility  urbanization  downloaded  landowners  Industrial_Revolution  London  elites  article  life_expectancy  demographic_transition  16thC  18thC  British_history  17thC 
january 2017 by dunnettreader
Warren Breckman - Cornelius Castoriadis contra Postmodernism: Beyond the "French Ideology" (1998) | JSTOR
Cornelius Castoriadis contra Postmodernism: Beyond the "French Ideology"
Warren Breckman
French Politics and Society
Vol. 16, No. 2 (Spring 1998), pp. 30-42
Topics: Political freedom, Concept of being, Postmodern philosophy, Political ideologies, Political philosophy, Rationalism, Democracy, Unconscious mind, Psyche, Political extremism
Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
unconscious  article  ideology  social_theory  20thC  postmodern  democracy  extremism  political_philosophy  Castoriadis  French_intellectuals  downloaded 
january 2017 by dunnettreader
Neil Cummins - Longevity and the Rise of the West: Lifespans of the European Elite, 800-1800 (2014)
Longevity and the Rise of the West: Lifespans of the European Elite, 800-1800
I analyze the age at death of 121,524 European nobles from 800 to 1800. Longevity began increasing long before 1800 and the Industrial Revolution, with marked increases around 1400 and again around 1650. Declines in violence contributed to some of this increase, but the majority must reflect other changes in individual behavior. The areas of North-West Europe which later witnessed the Industrial Revolution achieved greater longevity than the rest of Europe even by 1000 AD. The data suggest that the `Rise of the West' originates before the Black Death.
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lifestyle  16thC  10thC  13thC  14thC  17thC  11thC  paper  medieval_history  economic_history  life_expectancy  social_history  downloaded  12thC  elites  warrior_class  feudalism  18thC  British_history  nobles  wealth  Western_Europe  15thC  demography  9thC  landowners 
january 2017 by dunnettreader
Reading: Barry Eichengreen (2011): Economic History and Economic Policy via Brad DeLong
Barry Eichengreen (2011): Economic History and Economic Policy - EHA Presidential Address 2011
As you read, formulate your answers to the following questions:
1. What does Eichengreen think are the uses of history, as shown in the use of history in trying to understand the macroeconomic crisis that began in 2008?
2.What does Eichengreen think are the abuses of history, as shown in the use of history in trying to understand the macroeconomic crisis that began in 2008?
3.What rules and approaches does Eichengreen arrive it for future people trying to use history better?
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monetary_policy  historiography-postWWII  QE  fiscal_policy  unemployment  historiography-19thC  economic_history  economic_policy  Keynesianism  speech  FX-rate_management  downloaded  central_banks  Great_Depression  historiography  FX  austerity  financial_system  financial_crisis  financial_regulation  Minsky  historiography-20thC  FX-misalignment  Great_Recession  inflation 
january 2017 by dunnettreader
Brad DeLong - link to WP - Robert Allen (2004): Progress and Poverty in Early Modern Europe
Robert Allen (2004): Progress and Poverty in Early Modern Europe: "At the end of the middle ages, the urban, manufacturing core of Europe was on the Mediterranean with an important offshoot in Flanders... -- downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
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january 2017 by dunnettreader
R Kingston, review - Duncan Kelly, The Propriety of Liberty. Persons, Passions and Judgment in Modern Political Thought (2012) | Political Theory - jstor
The Propriety of Liberty. Persons, Passions and Judgment in Modern Political Thought by Duncan Kelly -- Review by: Rebecca Kingston -- Political Theory, Vol. 40, No. 4, August 2012 (pp. 524-527)
Downloaded via Air
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january 2017 by dunnettreader
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