dunnettreader + charity   21

Derek Hirst, review - Paul Slack, From Reformation to Improvement: Public Welfare in Early Modern England | JSTOR: The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 31, No. 3 (Winter, 2001), pp. 442-444
The review is a useful summary of Slack's argument re trends and episodic bursts of trying to deal with the poor. Looks at what these episodes show re state capacity, ceter and region relations, movements that cut across other ideological, religious or political alignments, use of appeals to Parliament for lawmaking that were driven by a range of public and private agendas. Download pdf to Note -- see if this is on Questia
books  reviews  jstor  find  social_history  17thC  18thC  British_history  British_politics  local_government  Parliament  executive  Poor_Laws  poor-working  charity  reformation_of_manners  downloaded  EF-add 
october 2014 by dunnettreader
John Locke, Proposed Poor Law Reform (October 1697) - Online Library of Liberty
John Locke, H.B. Fox Bourne, The Life of John Locke. In Two Volumes (London: Henry S. King, 1876). Vol. 2 pp. 377-391. 07/16/2014. <http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/2331> -- Available as Facsimile PDF 638 KB This is a facsimile or image-based PDF made from scans of the original book. -- Locke’s detailed proposals for the reform of the Poor Laws which was quoted in full in Fox Bourne’s The Life of John Locke (1876), vol. 2, pp. 377-391.
etexts  Liberty_Fund  17thC  British_history  British_politics  governmentality  reformation_of_manners  poverty  charity  Poor_Laws  reform-social  Locke  biography  1690s  Whig_Junto  EF-add 
july 2014 by dunnettreader
Brad DeLong - The Four Big Valid Issues People Have with Thomas Piketty's Grand Argument: Friday Focus for June 27, 2014 (Brad DeLong's Grasping Reality...)
I think there are four big valid issues with Thomas Piketty's grand argument: [they're all pretty feeble or wishful thinking unfortunately - DeLong puts too heavy a weight on several of them, producing a guesstimate of 50:50 we will have Piketty world if things left on autopilot] -- see comments, especially Dan Kervick who once again challenges Piketty critics for not reading the last chapters (which don't readily translate into mainstream macro models, so their criticism is generally nonresponsive to Piketty’s historical data and explanations)
Piketty  economic_history  economic_theory  economic_models  capital  wealth  profit  savings  charity  1-percent  economic_culture  status  elite_culture  inequality  political_culture  political_economy  moral_economy  capitalism 
june 2014 by dunnettreader
Frank O'Gorman, review essay - Approaches to Hanoverian Society JSTOR: The Historical Journal, Vol. 39, No. 2 (Jun., 1996), pp. 521-534
(1) Philanthropy and Police: London Charity in the Eighteenth Century by Donna T. Andrew; *--* (2) The Language of Liberty: Political Discourse and Social Dynamics in the Anglo-American World by J. C. D. Clark; *--* (3) Stilling the Grumbling Hive. The Response to Social and Economic Problems in England, 1689-1750 by L. Davison; *--* (4) Riot, Risings and Revolution. Governance and Violence in Eighteenth- Century England by Ian Gilmour; *--* (5) A Patriot Press. National Politics and the London Press in the 1740s by Robert Harris; *--* (6) Judging New Wealth. Popular Publishing and Responses to Commerce in England, 1750-1850 by James Raven; *--* (7)The Local Origins of Modern Society. Gloucestershire 1500-1800 by David Rollison; *--* (8) An Imperial State at War: Britain from 1689 to 1815 by Lawrence Stone; *--* (9) Protest and Survival: The Historical Experience. Essays for E. P. Thompson by John Rule; Robert Malcolmson -- downloaded pdf to Note
books  reviews  bookshelf  article  jstor  political_history  cultural_history  political_culture  social_history  political_economy  17thC18thC  19thC  British_politics  British_Empire  UK_economy  UK_Government  UK_government-colonies  British_foreign_policy  military_history  political_press  class_conflict  local_government  political_philosophy  charity  crime  violence  riots  lower_orders  mercantilism  luxury  status  nouveaux_riches  governing_class  governmentality  fiscal-military_state  popular_culture  popular_politics  populism  downloaded  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
Christine Stevenson - Robert Hooke's Bethlem | JSTOR: Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. 55, No. 3 (Sep., 1996), pp. 254-275
Bethlem Hospital for lunatics, built to the designs of Robert Hooke between 1674 and 1676 in London, is a singularly famous building that has been little studied. This article summarizes the available written evidence, including the minutes of the Court of Governors' deliberations during Bethlem construction and contemporary prose and poetic celebrations of the result, to show that one conventional rhetorical use of the building, as a monstrous emblem of vanity, may be suprisingly apposite given the governors' preoccupation with how it be viewed, both literally and figuratively. However, they seem to have expected that post-Fire and post-Restoration London would be willing to entertain a conception of a lunatic asylum more polysemous than has been possible since, possibly because Bethlem created the type. Hooke's application of the domestic gallery, in particular, not only introduced a wide range of associations with health, hospitality, instruction, and pleasure, it permitted a plan that was concurrently applauded as inherently curative. It is, however, Bethlem's façade which soon became notorious; the article concludes with an explanation for the significance of its grandeur, and for the failure of the signification. -- splendidly illustrated -- over 100 references, covers through 1733 -- didn't download
article  jstor  social_history  cultural_history  English_lit  architecture  17thC  18thC  British_history  London  Hooke  medicine  psychology  madness  poetry  satire  charity  elites  bibliography  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
Ian W. Archer - The Charity of Early Modern Londoners | JSTOR: Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Sixth Series, Vol. 12 (2002), pp. 223-244
This essay explores further the notion associated with W. K. Jordan that a new rational protestant philanthropy emerged after the Reformation. Drawing upon a sample of London wills from the period 1520-1640, it argues that protestants sought to forge an association between protestantism and charity, but suggests that there were rather more continuities with the catholic past than the polemics of the early reformers would leave one to believe. It explores the variety of forms in which voluntary giving was expressed, and argues that although giving was increasingly channelled through public institutions, giving within those institutional frameworks was often mediated through discretionary relationships of patronage and clientage. -- didn't download
article  jstor  social_history  religious_history  church_history  religious_culture  Catholics  Church_of_England  16thC  17thC  British_history  London  charity  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
Jeffrey Collins, review essay - Style and Society: Painting in Eighteenth-Century France | JSTOR: Eighteenth-Century Studies, Vol. 41, No. 4 (Summer, 2008), pp. 568-574
Review of (1) Greuze and the Painting of Sentiment by Emma Barker; (2) Nicolas Lancret: Dance before a Fountain by Mary Tavener Holmes and Mark Leonard; (3) Making Up the Rococo: François Boucher and His Critics by Melissa Hyde; (4) Fragonard's Playful Paintings: Visual Games in Rococo Art by Jennifer Milam -- quite interesting on a collection of studies, each of which puts the painter, works, patrons and reception in context of social trends, French literature, Enlightenment philosophy, aesthetics, and political issues. The Fragonard book looks especially delicious. The Barker book addresses "sentiment" with its moral connotations, rather than "sentimentality". The Lancret book deals with initially 1720s and connection with Watteau, fête galant etc. The Boucher book deals with his gender bending and connections with court and salon sociability as well as criticism reflecting anxiety re effeminate luxury etc. -- didn't download paper
books  reviews  jstor  cultural_history  art_history  art_criticism  aesthetics  France  18thC  French_Enlightenment  gender  luxury  charity  aristocracy  court_culture  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
Charles H. Hinnant - Gifts and Wages: The Structures of Exchange in Eighteenth-Century Fiction and Drama | JSTOR: Eighteenth-Century Studies, Vol. 42, No. 1 (Fall, 2008), pp. 1-18
This essay argues that during the eighteenth century the structures of exchange were defined not in terms of an opposition between gifts and commodities but between gifts and wages. This core opposition took two antithetical forms. On the one hand, it valorized liberality, love, gratitude, etc. over purely mercenary considerations. The ethos of the pure gift, far from being the product of a modern market economy, as is commonly supposed, was probably generated within the framework of this aristocratic ideology. On the other hand, a reaction against this ideology took the form of a polarity in which honest industry is privileged over clientage, servility, and idleness. Ironically, alms mistakenly given to the undeserving poor now came to be implicated in the same system of gift-exchange that bestowed honors and places by favors rather than by merit.
article  jstor  18thC  cultural_history  economic_history  anthropology  cultural_capital  aristocracy  clientelism  patronage  charity  Poor_Laws  services  gift  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
The Roman Curia - Index

In exercising supreme, full, and immediate power in the universal Church, the Roman pontiff makes use of the departments of the Roman Curia which, therefore, perform their duties in his name and with his authority for the good of the churches and in the service of the sacred pastors.

Sections of the site under the tab Roman Curia

Secretariat of State
Pontifical Councils
Synod of Bishops
Pontifical Commissions
Swiss Guard
Labour Office of the Apostolic See
Pontifical Academies
Pontifical Committ

Institutions Connected with the Holy See

Vatican Secret Archives
Vatican Apostolic Library
Vatican Press
L'Osservatore Romano
Vatican Publishing House
Vatican Radio
Vatican Television Center
Papal Basilica of St Peter in Vatican City
Papal Basilica of St John Lateran
Papal Basilica of St Paul Outside the Walls
Papal Basilica of St Mary Major
Office of Papal Charities
Agency for the Evaluation and Promotion of Quality
in Ecclesiastical Universities and Faculties (AVEPRO)
Financial Information Authority
website  Catholics  Papacy  ecclesiology  theology  diplomacy  religion  university  libraries  religious_lit  charity  canon_law  Italy 
november 2013 by dunnettreader
Amalia D. Kessler: Enforcing Virtue: Social Norms and Self-Interest in an Eighteenth-Century Merchant Court (2004)
JSTOR: Law and History Review, Vol. 22, No. 1 (Spring, 2004), pp. 71-118 -- though I don't think she frames it this way the merchant court was a sort of self-regulatory organization that imposed norms of charitable virtue where ordinary contract law would have produced anomalous results -- enforcement of community norms reduced transaction costs and supplemented trust networks which expanded the zone of profitable commerce beyond what Ancien_régime legal system would have produced -- though community norms were Christian the Court and its officials could see themselves as promoting common good as virtuous citizens in contrast with a narrow self-interest of eg caveat emptor or strict contract construction
article  jstor  legal_history  economic_history  18thC  France  commerce  merchants  norms  transaction_costs  contracts  SROs  charity  civic_virtue  bibliography  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Steven Forde: The Charitable John Locke (2009)
Cambridge Journals Online - The Review of Politics - Abstract - Steven Forde (2009). The Charitable John Locke. The Review of Politics, 71, pp 428-458. doi:10.1017/S0034670509990040. -- 24 hrs @ $5.99 -- Locke's political philosophy, like any that centers on individual rights such as property rights, raises the question whether human beings have any duty to charity, or economic assistance, to the needy. Locke's works contain some strong statements in favor of such a duty, but in his definitive treatment of property, chapter 5 of the Second Treatise of Government, he is conspicuously silent on charity. Based on a reading of that chapter and other texts, I conclude that the basis of Lockean morality is not individual right per se, but concern for the common good. I compare Locke's theory of property to those of Aquinas, Grotius, and Pufendorf in order to shed light on Locke's view of property and charity. Finally, I argue that Locke has a tiered moral theory that separates justice from charity. His economic and political theories focus on justice, masking Locke's actual devotion to charity.
article  intellectual_history  political_culture  political_economy  political_philosophy  Britain  17thC  18thC  poverty  charity  property_rights  common_good  Locke  paywall  EF-add 
august 2013 by dunnettreader
A. W. Coats: Economic Thought and Poor Law Policy in the Eighteenth Century (1960)
JSTOR: The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 13, No. 1 (1960), pp. 39-51.....Downloaded pdf to Note......follow up to 1958 article..... again fairly short but lots of references including parliamentary debates
article  jstor  economic_history  British_politics  political_economy  mercantilism  18thC  Poor_Laws  poverty  unemployment  Labor_markets  charity  Parliament  improvement  downloaded  EF-add 
august 2013 by dunnettreader
A. W. Coats: Changing Attitudes to Labour in the Mid-Eighteenth Century (1958
JSTOR: The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 11, No. 1 (1958), pp. 35-51.....Downloaded pdf to Note......only 17 pages but extensive references to 18thC writing including Berkeley and Hume re improvement of labor standard of living -- followed by 1960 article in EcHR
article  jstor  economic_history  political_economy  mercantilism  18thC  Labor_markets  unemployment  Poor_Laws  poverty  charity  Berkeley  Hume  Enlightenment  improvement  downloaded  EF-add 
august 2013 by dunnettreader
The Christian Monitors by Brent S. Sirota - Yale University Press - pub date Jan 2014
This original and persuasive book examines the moral and religious revival led by the Church of England before and after the Glorious Revolution, and shows how that revival laid the groundwork for a burgeoning civil society in Britain. After outlining the Church of England's key role in the increase of voluntary, charitable and religious societies, Brent Sirota examines how these groups drove the modernization of Britain through such activities as settling immigrants throughout the empire, founding charity schools, distributing devotional literature, and evangelizing and educating merchants, seamen and slaves throughout the British empire - all leading to what has been termed the "age of benevolence".
books  17thC  18thC  British_history  British_politics  Church_of_England  missionaries  education  charity  reformation_of_manners  civil_society  colonialism  EF-add 
july 2013 by dunnettreader
The Christian Monitors by Brent S. Sirota - Yale University Press (pub date Feb 2014)
The Christian Monitors: The Church of England and the Age of Benevolence, 1680-1730 Brent S. Sirota 
Publication date:01 Feb 2014
Dimensions:352 pages
This original and persuasive book examines the moral and religious revival led by the Church of England before and after the Glorious Revolution, and shows how that revival laid the groundwork for a burgeoning civil society in Britain. After outlining the Church of England's key role in the increase of voluntary, charitable and religious societies, Brent Sirota examines how these groups drove the modernization of Britain through such activities as settling immigrants throughout the empire, founding charity schools, distributing devotional literature, and evangelizing and educating merchants, seamen and slaves throughout the British empire - all leading to what has been termed the "age of benevolence".
books  British_history  17thC  18thC  Church_of_England  Glorious_Revolution  charity  missionaries  British_Empire  revivalist 
june 2013 by dunnettreader

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