dunnettreader + article + modernization   9

Paolo Malanima - Energy consumption in England
The displacement of the centre of the European economy from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic and the beginning of north–south divergence in Europe has been discussed on the basis of data on real wages, urbanization rates, and, more recently, estimates of gross domestic product for a number of European countries. The purpose of the present article is to contribute to this line of research with the elaboration of yearly series of total energy consumption in Italy and England for the long period 1560–1913. New data on energy services, energy intensity, and, finally, social savings from the use of energy are also presented and discussed for both Italy and England.These new data allow us to specify that energy played a central role.Yet it was relatively late that its importance as a provider of mechanical work developed fully; that is, from 1830 onwards in England and from the end of the nineteenth century in Italy. - Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
16thC  economic_growth  pre-WWI  17thC  transport  manufacturing  energy  modernization  18thC  industrialization  energy-transition  energy-markets  Industrial_Revolution  economic_history  Italy  consumption  downloaded  19thC  article  energy-intensity  British_history 
september 2016 by dunnettreader
Nicolas Duvoux - Les grammaires de la modernité. Notices bibliographiques autour de trois débats essentiels (2005) - Cairn.info
Plan de l'article
Une clarification sémantique préalable
I - La querelle de la sécularisation et l’interprétation de la modernité
II - Malaise dans la civilisation post-moderne
III - La modernité sortie de la modernité ?
Duvoux Nicolas, « Les grammaires de la modernité. Notices bibliographiques autour de trois débats essentiels», Le Philosophoire 2/2005 (n° 25) , p. 135-152
URL : www.cairn.info/revue-le-philosophoire-2005-2-page-135.htm.
DOI : 10.3917/phoir.025.0135.
Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
multiculturalism  modernity  psychoanalysis  poststructuralist  social_capital  structuralism  cultural_critique  relativism  modernity-emergence  intellectual_history  identity  French_Enlightenment  constructivism  political_philosophy  subjectivity  alienation  agency-structure  bibliography  social_sciences-post-WWII  classes  community  change-social  phenomenology  mass_culture  popular_culture  secularization  communication  anti-modernity  article  Counter-Enlightenment  downloaded  ideology  Habermas  modernization  mobility  public_sphere  French_intellectuals  political_science  psychology  social_theory  consumerism 
february 2016 by dunnettreader
Milan Zafirovski - The Merton Theorem Revisited and Restated: Conservatism and Fascism as Functional Analogues | JSTOR: The American Sociologist, Vol. 41, No. 2 (June 2010), pp. 142-173
The paper revisits and restates the Merton Theorem of American religious conservatism (Puritanism) and European fascism (Nazism) as functional analogues. The original formulation the Merton Theorem identifies and describes them as functional analogues in nativism or nationalism through exclusion of and aggression against non-native out-groups. The paper offers an extended restatement of the Merton Theorem in which American conservatism and European fascism function as functional analogues in that both represent the model of a closed, or the antithesis to an open, society, of which nativism is a special case. In the extended Merton Theorem they are functional analogues specifically in terms of such indicators or dimensions of a closed society as political absolutism, closure and oppression, religious absolutism and nihilism, moral absolutism and repression, and extremism. -- important bibliography of work since Walzer in 1960s on 17thC, Weber's thesis etc plus recent articles on nationalism, ethnic identity, right wing extremism -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  social_theory  historical_sociology  change-social  political_culture  Puritans  Protestant_Ethic  conservatism  right-wing  fascism  nationalism  17thC  British_history  British_politics  English_Civil_War  religious_history  religious_culture  politics-and-religion  modernization  secularization  fundamentalism  bibliography  downloaded  EF-add 
june 2014 by dunnettreader
Craig Calhoun - Gerhard Lenski, Some False Oppositions, and "The Religious Factor" | JSTOR: Sociological Theory, Vol. 22, No. 2 (Jun., 2004), pp. 194-204
Special issue - Religion, Stratification, and Evolution in Human Societies: Essays in Honor of Gerhard E. Lenski -- very useful intellectual_history of 20thC historical sociology -- from earlier stadial to evolution-social to modernization, rejected by 60s generation, and reformulated as historical sociology
article  jstor  intellectual_history  20thC  social_theory  evolution-social  evolution-as-model  modernization  progress  historical_sociology  downloaded  EF-add 
may 2014 by dunnettreader
Seems like Clark is late to this party -- though he has 132 references -- new way to attack the Enlightenment as an historical fact, though I expect he doesn't go the postmodern route of denying grand narratives or blame the Enlightenment_Project for all ills since he thinks the Enlightenment was a lot of wishful thinking by the intelligensia. Still behind paywall for another few years
article  jstor  paywall  historiography  modernization  secularization  Enlightenment  progress  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
GEORGE GRANTHAM: The French cliometric revolution: A survey of cliometric contributions to French economic history (1997)
JSTOR: European Review of Economic History, Vol. 1, No. 3 (DECEMBER 1997), pp. 353-405 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- This article surveys cliometric research on the development of the French economy, with special emphasis on the fiscal and monetary history of the Revolution, the alleged retardation of the French economy in the nineteenth century, and the question of agricultural productivity in the early modern and industrial age.
article  jstor  economic_history  statistics  17thC  18thC  19thC  France  fiscal-military_state  fiscal_policy  monetary_policy  sovereign_debt  agriculture  demography  industrialization  modernization  lit_survey  bibliography  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Gary Marker: Standing in St. Petersburg Looking West, Or, Is Backwardness All There Is? | Republics of Letters: A Journal for the Study of Knowledge, Politics, and the Arts
Citation: Marker, Gary. “Standing in St. Petersburg Looking West, Or, Is Backwardness All There Is?.” Republics of Letters: A Journal for the Study of Knowledge, Politics, and the Arts1, no. 1 (May 1, 2009): http://rofl.stanford.edu/node/35. -- in "Rethinking the Republic of Letters" issue -- downloaded pdf to Note -- This strange symbiosis of Russia and Europe, at least from the sixteenth century onward, has been conveyed primarily through metaphors of teleology: primitive (or not), uncivil (or not); ignorant, crude, superstitious, uneducated, undeveloped. In short, backward. For European (and many Russian) literati “backward” and “Russian” were virtually interchangeable in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and as such they resided in a state of misfortune needing to be overcome.
article  intellectual_history  17thC  18thC  19thC  Russia  Peter_the_Great  cultural_history  Republic_of_Letters  Enlightenment  Franklin_Ben  nationalism  historians-and-state  history_of_science  natural_philosophy  development  modernization  academies  language-politics  education  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Jonathan Sheehan: Enlightenment, Religion, and the Enigma of Secularization: A Review Essay (2003)
JSTOR: The American Historical Review, Vol. 108, No. 4 (October 2003), pp. 1061-1080 -- See Dhor Wahrman Intro to Sheehan and Van Kley papers -- Summary from Tufts papers site -- Jonathan Sheehan asserts that until recently scholars have assumed that the Enlightenment was a fundamentally secularizing force, one that sought nothing less than the speedy extinction of religion. But in the past ten years, he argues, religion has returned to the Enlightenment. While modern scholars have long listened carefully to the complaints of the devout, they have just rediscovered that religion in the eighteenth century was not only alive and well but indeed at the very heart of its intellectual life. This resurrection of religion has happened along a broad resurgence of historical interest in religious topics since 1989. But, Sheehan insists, the debut of religion on the stage of the Enlightenment has been one of the most dramatic moments in this shift. After all, he reminds us, the Enlightenment has traditionally been read as the very cradle of the secular world. Making religion into a cornerstone of the Enlightenment thus raises troubling questions about the precise nature of this secularizing vision. Sheehan maps this new enthusiasm for matters of the spirit onto what he sees as a communal discomfort with the history of the Enlightenment and modernity. The injection of religion into the Enlightenment, he maintains, is part of a revision of the history of secular society that has sent the very category of "the Enlightenment" - long defined as an anti-religious philosophical program - into great turmoil. In the end, though, Sheehan concludes, these difficulties are productive because they help historians develop more expansive and rigorous approaches to the Enlightenment, religion, and secular modernity. His essay suggests how this literature can also be used to address similar issues in other times and places. -- Downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  historiography  18thC  Enlightenment  religious_history  religious_culture  secularism  modernization  downloaded  EF-add 
august 2013 by dunnettreader

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