dunnettreader + article + free-thinkers   7

Gerald Newman - Voltaire in Victorian Historiography | JSTOR: The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 49, No. 4, On Demand Supplement (Dec., 1977), pp. D1345-D1359
Type script supplement - Page Count: 15 - emergence mid-century of freethought along with cultural and social critique of the smug, moralistic rising money-grubbing middle class - after Burke and the French Revolution the sort of scepticism of a Hume or Gibbon was hushed or condemned, and open freethinkers from Godwin to Mill were ostracized and attacked as immoral monsters. Newman thinks that the intellectual shift away from the post revolutionary moral straitjacket on social, religious and philosophical thought is well-known but hasn't focused on the roles of historiography in this shift of intellectual milieu, hence Voltaire and the Victorians. -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  intellectual_history  cultural_history  literary_history  historiography-19thC  19thC  English_lit  cultural_critique  British_history  religious_history  religious_culture  religion-established  religious_belief  Biblical_criticism  Biblical_authority  free-thinkers  Voltaire  Carlyle  Emerson  Dickens  Trollope  Bagehot  Stephen_Leslie  middle_class  atheism_panic  bibliography  downloaded  EF-add 
october 2014 by dunnettreader
Margaret C. Jacob - How Radical Was the Enlightenment? What Do We Mean by Radical? | Diametros
Distinguished Professor of History, UCLA Email: mjacob@history.ucla.edu
-- The Radical Enlightenment has been much discussed and its original meaning somewhat distorted. In 1981 my concept of the storm that unleashed a new, transnational intellectual movement possessed a strong contextual and political element that I believed, and still believe, to be critically important. Idealist accounts of enlightened ideas that divorce them from politics leave out the lived quality of the new radicalism born in reaction to monarchical and clerical absolutism. Taking the religious impulse seriously and working to defang it of bellicosity would require years of labor. First all the world’s religions had to be surveyed, see Picart’s seven folio volumes; and Rousseau’s Savoyard vicar had to both preach and live religion simply as true virtue; and finally Jefferson editing the Bible so as to get the irrational parts simply removed, thus making people more fit to grant a complete religious toleration. Throughout the century all these approaches to revealed religion may be legitimately described as radical. Each produced a different recommendation for its replacement. As I have now come to see, the pantheism I identified in 1981 would lead in many directions, among them lay the search to understand all human religiosity and to articulate a universal natural religion. -- Keywords - Atheism materialism absolutism French Protestant refugees Dutch cities religious toleration Bernard Picart Jonathan Israel English freethinkers Papal condemnation Rousseau pantheism Jefferson -- downloaded pdf to Note
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july 2014 by dunnettreader
Matthew Tindal's Rights of the Christian church (1706), which elicited more than thirty contemporary replies, was a major interjection in the ongoing debates about the relationship between church and state in late seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century England. Historians have usually seen Tindal's work as an exemplar of the 'republican civil religion' that had its roots in Hobbes and Harrington, and putatively formed the essence of radical whig thought in the wake of the Glorious Revolution. But this is to misunderstand the Rights. To comprehend what Tindal perceived himself as doing we need to move away from the history of putatively 'political' issues to the histories of ecclesiastical jurisprudence, patristic scholarship, and biblical exegesis. The contemporary significance of Tindal's work was twofold: methodologically, it challenged Anglican patristic scholarship as a means of reaching consensus on modern ecclesiological issues; positively, it offered a powerful argument for ecclesiastical supremacy lying in crown-in-parliament, drawing on a legal tradition stretching back to Christopher St Germain (1460—1540) and on Tindal's own legal background. Tindal's text provides a case study for the tentative proposition that 'republicanism', whether as a programme or a 'language', had far less impact on English anticlericalism and contemporary debates over the church—state relationship than the current historiography suggests. -- extensive references of Cambridge_School articles, refers to Goldie a great deal, whether for support of particular episodes or to attack is unclear -- the quarrel over patristic claims of the Church_of_England important for Bolingbroke's argument re Tillotson etc -- paywall
article  jstor  paywall  find  libraries  historiography  intellectual_history  political_philosophy  religious_history  politics-and-religion  political-theology  ecclesiology  17thC  18thC  British_history  British_politics  church_history  Church_of_England  religion-established  patristic_scholarship  Biblical_exegesis  Erastianism  crown-in-parliament  Whigs-Radicals  anticlerical  republicanism  Harrington  Hobbes  civil_religion  High_Church  Convocation  Tindal_Matthew  free-thinkers  religious_lit  political_press  pamphlets  bibliography  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
Daniel Carey: Swift among the Freethinkers (1997)
JSTOR: Eighteenth-Century Ireland / Iris an dá chultúr, Vol. 12 (1997), pp. 89-99 -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  18thC  intellectual_history  theology  free-thinkers  Toland  Collins_Anthony  Swift  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Christiane Mervaud: Le Dictionnaire philosophique: combats et débats (1995)
JSTOR: Revue d'Histoire littéraire de la France, 95e Année, No. 2 (Mar. - Apr., 1995), pp. 187-198 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- Ressenti comme un sommet de hardiesse impudente par ses détracteurs, le Dictionnaire philosophique a donné lieu à des débats passionnés. Cette étude est placée sous le signe du dialogue impossible entre Voltaire et les apologistes chrétiens: liberté de penser ou ordre existant, loi naturelle ou vérité révélée, magistère philosophique ou autorité de l'Église. En affirmant le droit du relatif face aux absolus, en rejetant la domination des "tyrans des âmes", Voltaire s'efforce de promouvoir la "révolution dans les esprits" qu'il appelle de ses voeux.
article  jstor  French_lit  French_Enlightenment  philosophes  free-thinkers  anticlerical  18thC  Voltaire  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Marie-Hélène Cotoni: Les personnages bibliques dans le Dictionnaire philosophique de Voltaire (1995)
JSTOR: Revue d'Histoire littéraire de la France, 95e Année, No. 2 (Mar. - Apr., 1995), pp. 151-164 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- Les nombreux personnages bibliques dans le Dictionnaire philosophique perdent la place qu'ils occupaient traditionnellement dans L' "Histoire sainte", de même que leur fonction de modèle et parfois même leur identité propre. En une sorte de "Bible travestie", Voltaire transforme en pantins Abraham, Job, les prophètes, inventant à partir d'eux contes, farces et facéties, dans une corrélation entre ludique et polémique.
article  jstor  intellectual_history  free-thinkers  anticlerical  18thC  French_lit  Biblical_criticism  Bible-as-history  satire  Voltaire  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader

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