dunnettreader + article + anticlerical   14

Odile Henry and Hervé Serry, « La sociologie, enjeu de lutes. » (2004)
Henry Odile, Serry Hervé, « La sociologie, enjeu de lutes. », Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales 3/2004 (no 153) , p. 5-10 URL : www.cairn.info/revue-actes-de-la-recherche-en-sciences-sociales-2004-3-page-5.htm. DOI : 10.3917/arss.153.0005. Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
19thC  article  progress  morality-conventional  intellectual_history  pre-WWI  Catholics-and-politics  social_theory  social_sciences  anticlerical  relativism  morality-objective  ultramontane  France  downloaded  entre_deux_guerres  republicanism  Fin-de-Siècle  Durkheim  laïcité  morality-divine_command  rationalist 
february 2016 by dunnettreader
Ofri Ilany - From Divine Commandment to Political Act: The 18thC Polemic on the Extermination of the Canaanites | JSTOR - Journal of the History of Ideas (July 2012)
From Divine Commandment to Political Act: The Eighteenth-Century Polemic on the Extermination of the Canaanites -- Ofri Ilany, Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 73, No. 3 (July 2012), pp. 437-461 -- big bibliography especially of primary sources - heavy focus on the German tradition of historical Biblical_criticism -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  intellectual_history  religious_history  17thC  18thC  Enlightenment  Enlightenment-conservative  anticlerical  Bible-as-history  Biblical_criticism  Biblical_authority  morality-divine_command  genocide  Moses  God-attributes  God-vengeful  Hebrew_commonwealth  Voltaire  Bolingbroke  German_theologians  cultural_history  cultural_change  bibliography  downloaded 
january 2016 by dunnettreader
Jeremy Waldron - The Decline of Natural Right [chapter] (2009) :: SSRN in THE CAMBRIDGE HISTORY OF NINETEENTH CENTURY PHILOSOPHY, Allen Wood and Songsuk Susan Hahn, eds., Cambridge University Press
NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 09-38 -- What happened to the doctrine of natural right in the 19thC? We know that it flourished in the 17thC and 18thC. We know that something like it - the doctrine of human rights and new forms of social contract theory - flourished again in the second half of the 20thC and continues to flourish in the 21stC. In between there was a period of decline and hibernation - ... in which to invoke natural right was always to invite intellectual ridicule and accusations of political irresponsibility. Thus article asks: How far can the decline of natural right in the 19thC be attributed to the reaction against the revolution in France? How far it was the effect of independent streams of thought, like positivism and historicism? Why was radical thought so ambivalent about natural right throughout the 19thC, and why was socialist thought in particular inclined to turn its back on it? As a framework for thought, natural right suffered a radical decline in the social and political sciences. But things were not so clear in jurisprudence, and natural right lived on to a much riper old age in the writings of some prominent economists. What is it about this theory that allowed it to survive in these environments, when so much of the rest of intellectual endeavor in the 19thC was toxic or inhospitable to it. Finally, I shall ask how far American thought represents an exception to all of this. Why and to what extent did the doctrine survive as a way of thinking in the United States, long after it had lost its credibility elsewhere. -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  SSRN  intellectual_history  18thC  19thC  philosophy_of_law  philosophy_of_social_science  natural_law  natural_rights  human_rights  counter-revolution  historicism  positivism  legal_theory  nationalism  national_interest  conservatism  socialism  social_contract  relativism  revolutions  1848_revolutions  French_Revolution  anticlerical  Bentham  Burke  Hume  Jefferson  Kant  Locke  Marx  Mill  Savigny  Spencer_Herbert  George_Henry  US_society  American_exceptionalism  liberalism  social_theory  social_sciences  Social_Darwinism  social_order  mass_culture  political_participation  bibliography  downloaded  EF-add 
july 2014 by dunnettreader
Jonathan Israel - “Radical Enlightenment” – Peripheral, Substantial, or the Main Face of the Trans-Atlantic Enlightenment (1650-1850) | Diametros
“Radical Enlightenment” and “moderate Enlightenment” are general categories which, it has become evident in recent decades, are unavoidable and essential for any valid discussion of the Enlightenment broadly conceived (1650-1850) and of the revolutionary era (1775-1848). Any discussion of the Enlightenment or revolutions that does not revolve around these general categories, first introduced in Germany in the 1920s and taken up in the United States since the 1970s, cannot have any validity or depth either historically or philosophically. “Radical Enlightenment” was neither peripheral to the Enlightenment as a whole, nor dominant, but rather the “other side of the coin” an inherent and absolute opposite, always present and always basic to the Enlightenment as a whole. Several different constructions of “Radical Enlightenment” have been proposed by the main innovators on the topic – Leo Strauss, Henry May, Günter Mühlpfordt, Margaret Jacob, Gianni Paganini, Martin Mulsow, and Jonathan Israel – but, it is argued here, the most essential element in the definition is the coupling, or linkage, of philosophical rejection of religious authority (and secularism - the elimination of theology from law, institutions, education and public affairs) with theoretical advocacy of democracy and basic human rights. -- Keywords - Enlightenment Radical Enlightenment moderate Enlightenment democracy aristocracy universal education equality emancipation republicanism mixed government poverty economic oppression crypto-radicalism positivism American revolution -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  intellectual_history  political_history  political_culture  politics-and-religion  historiography  economic_history  political_economy  17thC  18thC  19thC  Enlightenment  Radical_Enlightenment  French_Enlightenment  religious_culture  authority  anticlerical  Absolutism  secularism  democracy  natural_rights  civil_liberties  egalitarian  American_Revolution  French_Revolution  1848_revolutions  Spinozism  education  aristocracy  poverty  Ancien_régime  mixed_government  tolerance  positivism  natural_law  domination  republicanism  republics-Ancient_v_Modern  natural_philosophy  British_history  Dutch  Germany  Atlantic  American_colonies  Early_Republic  Republic_of_Letters  bibliography  downloaded  EF-add 
july 2014 by dunnettreader
Margaret C. Jacob - How Radical Was the Enlightenment? What Do We Mean by Radical? | Diametros
Distinguished Professor of History, UCLA Email: mjacob@history.ucla.edu
-- The Radical Enlightenment has been much discussed and its original meaning somewhat distorted. In 1981 my concept of the storm that unleashed a new, transnational intellectual movement possessed a strong contextual and political element that I believed, and still believe, to be critically important. Idealist accounts of enlightened ideas that divorce them from politics leave out the lived quality of the new radicalism born in reaction to monarchical and clerical absolutism. Taking the religious impulse seriously and working to defang it of bellicosity would require years of labor. First all the world’s religions had to be surveyed, see Picart’s seven folio volumes; and Rousseau’s Savoyard vicar had to both preach and live religion simply as true virtue; and finally Jefferson editing the Bible so as to get the irrational parts simply removed, thus making people more fit to grant a complete religious toleration. Throughout the century all these approaches to revealed religion may be legitimately described as radical. Each produced a different recommendation for its replacement. As I have now come to see, the pantheism I identified in 1981 would lead in many directions, among them lay the search to understand all human religiosity and to articulate a universal natural religion. -- Keywords - Atheism materialism absolutism French Protestant refugees Dutch cities religious toleration Bernard Picart Jonathan Israel English freethinkers Papal condemnation Rousseau pantheism Jefferson -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  intellectual_history  religious_history  cultural_history  political_history  17thC  18thC  Dutch  British_history  Enlightenment  Radical_Enlightenment  French_Enlightenment  political_culture  politics-and-religion  religion-established  religious_belief  comparative_religion  comparative_anthropology  monotheism  natural_religion  natural_philosophy  materialism  tolerance  natural_rights  naturalism  pantheism  atheism  atheism_panic  anticlerical  Absolutism  monarchy  monarchy-proprietary  publishing  public_sphere  Picart  Rousseau  Jefferson  revelation  Biblical_authority  Bible-as-history  Biblical_criticism  Huguenots  free-thinkers  Papacy  papal_infallibility  censorship  Republic_of_Letters  rational_religion  American_colonies  Early_Republic  ecclesiology  querelle_des_rites  virtue  moral_philosophy  downloaded  EF-add 
july 2014 by dunnettreader
Matthew Tindal's Rights of the Christian church (1706), which elicited more than thirty contemporary replies, was a major interjection in the ongoing debates about the relationship between church and state in late seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century England. Historians have usually seen Tindal's work as an exemplar of the 'republican civil religion' that had its roots in Hobbes and Harrington, and putatively formed the essence of radical whig thought in the wake of the Glorious Revolution. But this is to misunderstand the Rights. To comprehend what Tindal perceived himself as doing we need to move away from the history of putatively 'political' issues to the histories of ecclesiastical jurisprudence, patristic scholarship, and biblical exegesis. The contemporary significance of Tindal's work was twofold: methodologically, it challenged Anglican patristic scholarship as a means of reaching consensus on modern ecclesiological issues; positively, it offered a powerful argument for ecclesiastical supremacy lying in crown-in-parliament, drawing on a legal tradition stretching back to Christopher St Germain (1460—1540) and on Tindal's own legal background. Tindal's text provides a case study for the tentative proposition that 'republicanism', whether as a programme or a 'language', had far less impact on English anticlericalism and contemporary debates over the church—state relationship than the current historiography suggests. -- extensive references of Cambridge_School articles, refers to Goldie a great deal, whether for support of particular episodes or to attack is unclear -- the quarrel over patristic claims of the Church_of_England important for Bolingbroke's argument re Tillotson etc -- paywall
article  jstor  paywall  find  libraries  historiography  intellectual_history  political_philosophy  religious_history  politics-and-religion  political-theology  ecclesiology  17thC  18thC  British_history  British_politics  church_history  Church_of_England  religion-established  patristic_scholarship  Biblical_exegesis  Erastianism  crown-in-parliament  Whigs-Radicals  anticlerical  republicanism  Harrington  Hobbes  civil_religion  High_Church  Convocation  Tindal_Matthew  free-thinkers  religious_lit  political_press  pamphlets  bibliography  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
Sarah Apetrei - "Call No Man Master upon Earth": Mary Astell's Tory Feminism and an Unknown Correspondence | JSTOR: Eighteenth-Century Studies, Vol. 41, No. 4 (Summer, 2008), pp. 507-523
Downloaded pdf to Note --
This article reexamines the early eighteenth-century writer Mary Astell's paradoxical commitments as a "Tory feminist" in light of a previously unknown correspondence between Astell, an anonymous woman, and the nonjuring cleric George Hickes. Using evidence from these letters and her wider corpus, it proposes not only that Astell's doctrine of passive obedience in Church and State was far less robust and far more provisional than we have often thought; but also that her feminist writings betray an anticlerical instinct which leads her into conflict with her High Church convictions.
article  jstor  17thC  18thC  intellectual_history  political_philosophy  British_politics  Church_of_England  Glorious_Revolution  nonjurors  feminism  Tories  Astell  anticlerical  High_Church  religious_culture  downloaded  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
Christiane Mervaud: Le Dictionnaire philosophique: combats et débats (1995)
JSTOR: Revue d'Histoire littéraire de la France, 95e Année, No. 2 (Mar. - Apr., 1995), pp. 187-198 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- Ressenti comme un sommet de hardiesse impudente par ses détracteurs, le Dictionnaire philosophique a donné lieu à des débats passionnés. Cette étude est placée sous le signe du dialogue impossible entre Voltaire et les apologistes chrétiens: liberté de penser ou ordre existant, loi naturelle ou vérité révélée, magistère philosophique ou autorité de l'Église. En affirmant le droit du relatif face aux absolus, en rejetant la domination des "tyrans des âmes", Voltaire s'efforce de promouvoir la "révolution dans les esprits" qu'il appelle de ses voeux.
article  jstor  French_lit  French_Enlightenment  philosophes  free-thinkers  anticlerical  18thC  Voltaire  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
José-Michel Moureaux: La politique de Voltaire dans le Portatif: de la première édition à l'article "Maître" (1995)
JSTOR: Revue d'Histoire littéraire de la France, 95e Année, No. 2 (Mar. - Apr., 1995), pp. 165-176 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- On peut s'étonner que la place faite dans la première édition du Portatif aux questions spécifiquement politiques soit pratiquement restreinte à cinq articles ("Des Lois" I ; "États, gouvernements"; "Tyrannie"; "Patrie"; "Égalité") portant le lecteur à conclure que la réflexion politique en 1764 demeure curieusement courte et fragmentaire, voire décevante. Plus consistant, l'article "Égalité" prend clairement position en faveur de l'inégalité, mais c'est seulement en 1767 et dans l'important article "Maître" que Voltaire se décide à s'étonner comme d'un scandale de l'asservissement qui en résulte et à en rechercher l'origine. Pour l'essentiel effort de mise au jour de la genèse du pouvoir despotique, l'article "Maître", au travers d'une prétendue fable indienne, en établit les différentes étapes d'une façon allusivement subversive, puisqu'elle met en cause la monarchie de droit divin, ainsi qu'un absolutisme ayant partie liée avec l'Infâme et dont Voltaire lui-même a plusieurs fois fait l'amère expérience.
article  jstor  18thC  French_lit  political_philosophy  French_politics  French_Enlightenment  Absolutism  politics-and-religion  anticlerical  equality  despotism  French_government  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Marie-Hélène Cotoni: Les personnages bibliques dans le Dictionnaire philosophique de Voltaire (1995)
JSTOR: Revue d'Histoire littéraire de la France, 95e Année, No. 2 (Mar. - Apr., 1995), pp. 151-164 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- Les nombreux personnages bibliques dans le Dictionnaire philosophique perdent la place qu'ils occupaient traditionnellement dans L' "Histoire sainte", de même que leur fonction de modèle et parfois même leur identité propre. En une sorte de "Bible travestie", Voltaire transforme en pantins Abraham, Job, les prophètes, inventant à partir d'eux contes, farces et facéties, dans une corrélation entre ludique et polémique.
article  jstor  intellectual_history  free-thinkers  anticlerical  18thC  French_lit  Biblical_criticism  Bible-as-history  satire  Voltaire  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
René Pomeau: Introduction to articles from a roundtable on Voltaire's Dictionnaire Philosophique (1995)
JSTOR: Revue d'Histoire littéraire de la France, 95e Année, No. 2 (Mar. - Apr., 1995), pp. 147-150 -- Introduction to articles from a roundtable on Voltaire's Dictionnaire Philosophique
article  jstor  intellectual_history  18thC  French_Enlightenment  Voltaire  Biblical_criticism  satire  natural_philosophy  moral_philosophy  political_philosophy  anticlerical  publishing  philosophes  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Jeffrey R. Collins: Interpreting Thomas Hobbes in Competing Contexts | Interpreting the Religion of Thomas Hobbes: An Exchange with A Martinich (2009)
JSTOR: Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 70, No. 1 (Jan., 2009), pp. 165-180 -- Part 2 - Collins paper -- original Aug 2013, downloaded pdf to Note Jan 2016
article  jstor  17thC  intellectual_history  biography  Hobbes  politics-and-religion  atheism  anticlerical  EF-add  downloaded 
august 2013 by dunnettreader
A. P. Martinich: Hobbes's Erastianism and Interpretation | Interpreting the Religion of Thomas Hobbes: An Exchange with JRCollins (2009)
JSTOR: Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 70, No. 1 (Jan., 2009), pp. 143-163 -- Part 1 - Martinich's paper - see Collins response -- original Aug 2013, downloaded pdf to Note Jan 2016
article  jstor  17thC  intellectual_history  biography  Hobbes  politics-and-religion  atheism  EF-add  anticlerical  downloaded 
august 2013 by dunnettreader
Ofri Ilany, From Divine Commandment to Political Act: The Eighteenth-Century Polemic on the Extermination of the Canaanites (2012)
Project MUSE - Ofri Ilany. "From Divine Commandment to Political Act: The Eighteenth-Century Polemic on the Extermination of the Canaanites." Journal of the History of Ideas 73.3 (2012): 437-461.Project MUSE. Web. 28 Aug. 2013. <http://muse.jhu.edu/>.
The article discusses the ways in which eighteenth-century European writers treated the biblical account of the conquest of Canaan by the Israelites and the massacre of its inhabitants. The legitimacy of Canaanite extermination was one of the most controversial historical-theological questions in the Enlightenment’s Republic of Letters, as English Deists and other anti-clerical writers protested against the immorality of the extermination commandment. Conservative Bible scholars of the German historical-critical school, who attempted to defend the morality of the Bible, were forced to devise novel legal and theoretical tools in order to justify the conquest of the land by modern reasoning.
article  Project_MUSE  18thC  intellectual_history  religious_history  anticlerical  Old_Testament  Biblical_criticism  God-attributes  Bolingbroke  paywall  EF-add 
august 2013 by dunnettreader

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