dunnettreader + article   2038

Michael Kang - Gerrymandering and the Constitutional Norm Against Government Partisanship (2017) :: SSRN
Win election law prize - Michigan Law Review, Vol. 116, No. 3, Dec. 2017, Forthcoming- Emory Legal Studies Research Paper
71 Pages
Posted: 17 Aug 2017; Last revised: 28 Oct 2017
Michael S. Kang, Emory University School of Law
The Article challenges the basic premise in the law of partisan gerrymandering that government partisan purpose is constitutional at all. The central problem, Justice Scalia once explained in Vieth v. Jubelirer, is that partisan gerrymandering becomes unconstitutional only when it “has gone too far,” giving rise to the intractable inquiry into “how much is too much.” But the premise that partisanship is an ordinary and lawful purpose, articulated as settled law and widely understood as such, is largely wrong as constitutional doctrine. The Article surveys constitutional law to demonstrate the vitality of an important, if implicit norm against government partisanship across a variety of settings. From political patronage, to government speech, to election administration and even in redistricting itself, Vieth is the exception in failing to bar tribal partisanship as a legitimate state interest in lawmaking. The puzzle therefore is why the Supreme Court in Vieth diverged from this overarching norm for legislative redistricting where the need for government nonpartisanship is most acute and so rarely met. The Article proposes a purpose-focused approach that identifies partisanship as an illegitimate basis for lawmaking and requires the government to justify its redistricting with reference to legitimate state interests beyond partisanship, irrespective of extreme partisan effects. The importance of consolidating and reifying the norm against government partisanship, in its most salient legal context, cannot be overstated at a time when hyperpolarization between the major parties dominates national politics and is at its most severe in our lifetime.
Keywords: gerrymandering, redistricting, Whitford v. Gill, partisanship, parties, Bandemer
constitutional_law  political_participation  Evernote  gerrymandering  public_interest  SSRN  accountability  partisanship  liberalism-public_reason  democracy  article  downloaded  US_constitution  corruption  legitimacy  SCOTUS  elections 
november 2017 by dunnettreader
Naz K. Modirzadeh - Folk International Law: (2014) :: SSRN
Folk International Law: 9/11 Lawyering and the Transformation of the Law of Armed Conflict to Human Rights Policy and Human Rights Law to War Governance
Harvard National Security Journal, Vol. 5, Issue 1 (2014), pp. 225-304. 80 Pages Posted: 13 Jan 2014
Naz K. Modirzadeh
HLS Program on International Law and Armed Conflict
Date Written: January 11, 2014
Abstract
This Article argues that the positions many U.S.-based lawyers in the disciplines of international humanitarian law and human rights law took in 2013 on issues of lethal force and framing of armed conflict vis-à-vis the Obama Administration would have been surprising and disappointing to those same professionals back in 2002 when they began their battle against the Bush Administration’s formulations of the “Global War on Terror.” By 2013, many U.S.-based humanitarian and human rights lawyers had traded in strict fealty to international law for potential influence on executive decision-making. These lawyers and advocates would help to shape the Obama Administration’s articulation of its legal basis for the use of force against al Qaeda and others by making use of “folk international law,” a law-like discourse that relies on a confusing and soft admixture of IHL, jus ad bellum, and IHRL to frame operations that do not, ultimately, seem bound by international law. In chronicling the collapse of multiple legal disciplines and fields of application into the “Law of 9/11,” the Article illustrates how that result came about not simply through manipulation by a government seeking to protect national security or justify its actions but also through a particular approach to legal argumentation as mapped through various tactical moves during the course of the legal battle over the war on terror.
Keywords: international law, war, law of armed conflict, targeted killing, drones, human rights law, direct participation in hostilities, non-international armed conflict
Didn't download
law_enforcement  Obama_administration  Bush_administration  article  law_of_armed_conflict  SSRN  international_law  human_rights  GWOT 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Deposit Collecting: Unbundling the Role of Frequency, Salience, and Habit Formation in Generating Savings (2013) | American Economic Review on JSTOR
Suresh de Mel, Craig McIntosh and Christopher Woodruff - Sri Lanka National Savings Bank - variable treatments compared for POS mechanisms to collect savings and facilitate withdrawals - didn't download
article  microfinance  savings  jstor  access_to_finance 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Jeffrey Edward Green - Rawls and the Forgotten Figure of the Most Advantaged: In Defense of Reasonable Envy toward the Superrich (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
This article aims to correct the widespread imbalance in contemporary liberal thought, which makes explicit appeal to the "least advantaged" without parallel attention to the "most advantaged" as a distinct group in need of regulatory attention. Rawls's influential theory of justice is perhaps the paradigmatic instance of this imbalance, but I show how a Rawlsian framework nonetheless provides three justifications for why implementers of liberal justice—above all, legislators—should regulate the economic prospects of a polity's richest citizens: as a heuristic device for ensuring that a system of inequalities not reach a level at which inequalities cease being mutually advantageous, as protection against excessive inequalities threatening civic liberty, and as redress for a liberal society's inability to fully realize fair equality of opportunity with regard to education and politics. Against the objection that such arguments amount to a defense of envy, insofar as they support policies that in certain instances impose economic costs on the most advantaged with negative or neutral economic impact on the rest of society, I attend to Rawls's often overlooked distinction between irrational and reasonable forms of envy, showing that any envy involved in the proposed regulation of the most advantaged falls within this latter category. - downloaded via iphone to dbox
politics-and-money  political_participation  inequality-wealth  regulatory_capture  political_philosophy  political_culture  tax_havens  Early_Republic  inequality  estate_tax  intellectual_history  inheritance  republicanism  Plato-Republic  elites-political_influence  Jefferson  Harrington  crony_capitalism  Europe-Early_Modern  fairness  article  Aristotle  social_capital  social_theory  Rawls  social_democracy  Machiavelli  Plato  inequality-opportunity  jstor  bibliography  ancient_Rome  regulation  justice  liberalism  egalitarian  regulatory_avoidance  interest_groups  legitimacy  deliberative_democracy  political_history  class_conflict  downloaded  education-elites  social_order  elites-self-destructive  Roman_Republic  ancient_Greece  republics-Ancient_v_Modern 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Blaydes
We document a divergence in the duration of rule for monarchs in Western Europe and the Islamic world beginning in the medieval period. While leadership tenures in the two regions were similar in the 8th century, Christian kings became increasingly long lived compared to Muslim sultans. We argue that forms of executive constraint that emerged under feudal institutions in Western Europe were associated with increased political stability and find empirical support for this argument. While feudal institutions served as the basis for military recruitment by European monarchs, Muslim sultans relied on mamlukism—or the use of military slaves imported from non-Muslim lands. Dependence on mamluk armies limited the bargaining strength of local notables vis-à-vis the sultan, hindering the development of a productively adversarial relationship between ruler and local elites. We argue that Muslim societies' reliance on mamluks, rather than local elites, as the basis for military leadership, may explain why the Glorious Revolution occurred in England, not Egypt. - downloaded via iphone to dbox
governance-participation  Sultans  Islamic_empires  Europe  military_history  medieval_history  political_participation  article  political_history  political_culture  feudalism  militarization-society  Mamluks  bibliography  Europe-Medieval  monarchy  Great_Divergence  governing_class  government-forms  elites-political_influence  downloaded  state-building  jstor 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
David Ciepley - Beyond Public and Private: Toward a Political Theory of the Corporation (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
This article challenges the liberal, contractual theory of the corporation and argues for replacing it with a political theory of the corporation. Corporations are government-like in their powers, and government grants them both their external "personhood" and their internal governing authority. They are thus not simply private. Yet they are privately organized and financed and therefore not simply public. Corporations transgress all the basic dichotomies that structure liberal treatments of law, economics, and politics: public/private, government/market, privilege/equality, and status/contract. They are "franchise governments" that cannot be satisfactorily assimilated to liberalism. The liberal effort to assimilate them, treating them as contractually constituted associations of private property owners, endows them with rights they ought not have, exacerbates their irresponsibility, and compromises their principal public benefit of generating long-term growth. Instead, corporations need to be placed in a distinct category—neither public nor private, but "corporate"—to be regulated by distinct rules and norms. - downloaded via iphone to dbox
organizations  institutional_economics  corporations  corporate_citizenship  markets-dependence_on_government  article  corporate_control  institutions  management  public-private_gaps  bibliography  social_contract  liberalism  jstor  property_rights  downloaded  corporate_law  political_theory  managerialism  corporate_governance  corporate_personhood  firms-organization  property 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Petersen
How do modern individuals form a sense of the vast societies in which they live? Social cognition has evolved to make sense of small, intimate social groups; but in complex mass societies, comparable vivid social cues are scarcer. Extant research on political attitudes and behavior has emphasized media and interpersonal networks as key sources of cues. Extending a classical argument, we provide evidence for the importance of an alternative and internal source: imagination. With a focus on social welfare, we collected survey data from two very different democracies; the United States and Denmark, and conducted several studies using explicit, implicit, and behavioral measures. By analyzing the effects of individual differences in imagination, we demonstrate that political cognition relies on vivid, mental simulations that engage evolved social and emotional decision-making mechanisms. It is in the mind's eye that vividness and engagement are added to people's sense of mass politics. - didn't download
political_spectacle  moral_psychology  jstor  images-political  imagined_communities  political_science  article  imagination  symbols-political  political_culture  social_psychology  mass_culture  discourse-political_theory  comparative_politics  politics-and-aesthetics  political_sociology  bibliography  political_press 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Robert S. Taylor - Market Freedom as Antipower (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
Historically, republicans were of different minds about markets: some, such as Rousseau, reviled them, while others, like Adam Smith, praised them. The recent republican resurgence has revived this issue. Classical liberals such as Gerald Gaus contend that neorepublicanism is inherently hostile to markets, while neorepublicans like Richard Dagger and Philip Pettit reject this characterization—though with less enthusiasm than one might expect. I argue here that the right republican attitude toward competitive markets is celebratory rather than acquiescent and that republicanism demands such markets for the same reason it requires the rule of law: because both are essential institutions for protecting individuals from arbitrary interference. I reveal how competition restrains—and in the limit, even eradicates— market power and thereby helps us realize "market freedom," i.e., freedom as nondomination in the context of economic exchange. Finally, I show that such freedom necessitates "Anglo-Nordic" economic policies. - downloaded via iphone to dbox
Pettit  capitalism-alternatives  downloaded  markets_in_everything  capitalism-varieties  republicanism  bibliography  political_economy  Rousseau  Smith  market_failure  markets-dependence_on_government  jstor  commerce-doux  freedom  domination  market_fundamentalism  Gaus_Gerald  markets  political_theory  capitalism  article  competition  markets-structure 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Marcus Agnafors - Quality of Government: Toward a More Complex Definition (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
Concepts such as "quality of government" and "good governance" refer to a desired character of the exercise of public authority. Recently the interest in good governance, the quality of government, and similar concepts has increased considerably. However, despite this increasing interest and use, an adequate definition of the concept of quality of government has proved difficult to find. This article criticizes recent attempts at such a definition and proposes an alternative, more complex definition that includes moral content and also encompasses a plurality of values and virtues at its core. An acceptable definition of the quality of governance must be consistent with the demands of a public ethos, the virtues of good decision making and reason giving, the rule of law, efficiency, stability, and a principle of beneficence. The article describes these components in detail and the relations among them. - downloaded via iphone to dbox
corruption  governance  comparative_politics  accountability  government-public_communication  jstor  bibliography  article  community  common_good  morality  political_theory  political_culture  downloaded  public_interest  public_reason  deliberation-public  diversity  governance-participation  good_government  rule_of_law 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Andrew March - Rethinking Religious Reasons in Public Justification (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
Abstract
This article intervenes in the debate on the place of religious arguments in public reason. I advance the debate not by asking whether something called "religious reasons" ought to be invoked in the justification of coercive laws, but by creating a typology of (a) different kinds and forms of religious arguments and, more importantly, (b) different areas of political and social life which coercive laws regulate or about which human political communities deliberate. Religious arguments are of many different kinds, are offered to others in a variety of ways, and the spheres of life about which communities deliberate pose distinct moral questions. Turning back to the public reason debate, I argue then that political liberals ought to be concerned primarily about the invocation of a certain subset of religious reasons in a certain subset of areas of human activity, but also that inclusivist arguments on behalf of religious contributions to public deliberation fail to justify the use of religious arguments in all areas of public deliberation. - downloaded via iphone to dbox
jstor  norms  liberalism-public_reason  politics-and-religion  discourse-political_theory  article  public_reason  political_theory  liberal_democracy  downloaded  democracy  deliberation-public  political_discourse  bibliography 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Karaman
Theoretical work on taxation and state-building borrows heavily from early modern European experience. While a number of European states increased centralized tax revenues during this period, for others revenues stagnated or even declined and these variations have motivated alternative arguments for the determinants of fiscal and state capacity. This study reviews the arguments concerning the three determinants that have received most attention, namely warfare, economic structure, and political regime, and tests them by making use of a new and comprehensive tax revenue dataset. Our main finding is that these three determinants worked in interaction with each other. Specifically, when under pressure of war, it was representative regimes in more urbanized-commercial economies and authoritarian regimes in more rural-agrarian economies that tended to better aggregate domestic interests towards state-building. - Downloaded via iphone
tax_collection  taxes  state-building  nation-state  urban_politics  competition-interstate  political_culture  political_participation  agriculture-surplus  Absolutism  government_finance  fiscal-military_state  agriculture  Europe-Early_Modern  economic_history  article  bibliography  political_sociology  central_government  19thC  financial_instiutions  downloaded  18thC  15thC  urban_elites  military_history  political_economy  17thC  governing_class  constitutional_regime  local_government  fiscal_policy  16thC  government-forms  jstor  Crown_finance  financial_system 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
W. James Booth - Culture and Continuity: A Response to Alan Patten's "Rethinking Culture: The Social Lineage Account" (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
Alan Patten's social lineage account of cultural continuity is the most recent effort to provide multicultural theory with a non-essentialist concept of culture, its continuity and loss that meets broadly liberal normative desiderata. In this essay, I argue that it too fails to offer an alternative essentialism, to meet standard liberal normative stipulations, and to construct a theory of continuity sufficient to underpin the present claims of involuntarily incorporated communities. That result is theoretically interesting for it shows the deep intractability of the problems at the core of liberal multiculturalism. - Downloaded via iphone
downloaded  jstor  identity-multiple  community  liberalism  article  multiculturalism  bibliography  political_culture  nationalism  immigration  political_theory  books  essentialism  culture_wars  reviews  cultural_change  political_sociology  minorities  political_science  national_ID 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Alan Patton - Cultural Preservation and Liberal Values: A Reply to William James Booth (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
William James Booth elaborates three main challenges to my social lineage account (Patten 2011). Conceptually, he finds the proposal to be question-beginning. Normatively, he thinks that it has objectionable implications. And, substantively, he claims that the proposal is unhelpful, that it fails to explain a case of theoretical importance for multiculturalism. In this reply, I argue that each of these challenges misses the target. The social lineage account continues to offer a promising, nonessentialist basis for normative multiculturalism. - Downloaded via iphone
cultural_change  social_theory  US_politics  indigenous_peoples  US_society  culture_wars  political_sociology  cultural_diversity  minorities  identity-multiple  political_culture  culture  essentialism  political_theory  downloaded  liberalism  multiculturalism  national_ID  article  bibliography  nationalism  political_science  jstor  cultural_transmission  community  US_politics-race  cultural_stability  mass_culture 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Aligica
Revisiting the theory of institutional hybridity and diversity developed by Vincent and Elinor Ostrom to cope with the challenge of the "neither states nor markets" institutional domain, this article reconstructs the Ostromian system along the "value heterogeneity-co-productionpolycentricity" axis. It articulates the elements of a theory of value heterogeneity and of the fuzzy boundaries between private and public. It rebuilds the model of co-production, clarifying the ambiguity surrounding a key technical public choice theoretical assumption, and it demonstrates (a) why it should not be confused with the Alchian-Demsetz team production model and (b) how co-production engenders a type of market failure that has been neglected so far. In light of this analysis, the article reconsiders polycentricity, the capstone of the Ostromian system, explaining why polycentricity may be seen as a solution both to this co-production market failure problem and to the problems of social choice in conditions of deep heterogeneity. It also discusses further normative corollaries. - Downloaded via iphone
power  market_failure  political_economy  centralization  power-asymmetric  governance  downloaded  public-private_gaps  bargaining  institutional_economics  commons  article  normativity  accountability  common_good  jstor  political_science  decentralization  public_goods  public_choice  norms 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Flores-Maciss
What determines when states adopt war taxes to finance the cost of conflict? We address this question with a study of war taxes in the United States between 1789 and 2010. Using logit estimation of the determinants of war taxes, an analysis of roll-call votes on war tax legislation, and a historical case study of the Civil War, we provide evidence that partisan fiscal differences account whether the United States finances its conflicts through war taxes or opts for alternatives such as borrowing or expanding the money supply. Because the fiscal policies implemented to raise the revenues for war have considerable and often enduring redistributive impacts, war finance—in particular, war taxation—becomes a high-stakes political opportunity to advance the fiscal interests of core constituencies. Insofar as the alternatives to taxation shroud the actual costs of war, the findings have important implications for democratic accountability and the conduct of conflict. - Downloaded via iphone
US_history  downloaded  politics-and-money  US_military  deficit_finance  sovereign_debt  business_cycles  international_finance  fiscal_policy  Congress  US_foreign_policy  capital_markets  fiscal-military_state  political_history  article  political_economy  monetary_policy  taxes  US_politics  accountability  financial_system  redistribution  business-and-politics 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
List
Political science is divided between methodological individualists, who seek to explain political phenomena by reference to individuals and their interactions, and holists (or nonreductionists), who consider some higher-level social entities or properties such as states, institutions, or cultures ontologically or causally significant. We propose a reconciliation between these two perspectives, building on related work in philosophy. After laying out a taxonomy of different variants of each view, we observe that (i) although political phenomena result from underlying individual attitudes and behavior, individual-level descriptions do not always capture all explanatorily salient properties, and (ii) nonreductionistic explanations are mandated when social regularities are robust to changes in their individual-level realization. We characterize the dividing line between phenomena requiring nonreductionistic explanation and phenomena permitting individualistic explanation and give examples from the study of ethnic conflicts, social-network theory, and international-relations theory. - downloaded via iphone to Dbox
positivism  emergence  reductionism  causation-social  critical_realism  epistemology-social  article  methodology  jstor  social_history  causation  downloaded  philosophy_of_social_science  individualism-methodology 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Gamm
Do big cities exert more power than less populous ones in American state legislatures? In many m m political systems, greater representation leads to more policy gains, yet for most of the nation's history, urban advocates have argued that big cities face systematic discrimination in statehouses. Drawing on a new historical dataset spanning 120 years and 13 states, we find clear evidence that there is strength in numbers for big-city delegations in state legislatures. District bills affecting large metropolises fail at much higher rates than bills affecting small cities, counties, and villages. Big cities lose so often because size leads to damaging divisions. We demonstrate that the cities with the largest delegations—are more likely to be internally divided—are the most frustrated in the legislative process. Demographic differences also matter, with district bills for cities that have many foreign-born residents, compared the state as a whole, failing at especially high rates. -- Downloaded via iphone
downloaded  political_history  women-in-politics  political_science  states  state_government  jstor  immigration  rights-political  20thC  19thC  US_politics  Catholics-and-politics  US_society  local_politics  urban_politics  urban_rural_divides  state_legislatures  bibliography  US_history  article  political_culture  alliances-political  welfare_state  urban_development  political_participation  US_politics-race 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Timothy Lukes - Lionizing Machiavelli (2001) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
Machiavelli scholarship is prolific but claustrophobic. Even though chapter 18 of The Prince advises the aspiring leader to emulate both lion and fox, commentators ignore or devalue the lion and focus on the fox. Machiavelli is thereby depicted as a champion of cleverness and deception, and not much else. This article takes up the lion. It argues that Machiavelli's lion is not a simple and violent beast, but is rather a complex tutor that complements clinical and lonely foxiness with crucial injections of virility and community. - Downloaded via iphone
Machiavelli  political_theory  downloaded  article  statesmen  republicanism  bibliography 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Richard Ned Lebow - Thucydides the Constructivist (2001) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
The most superficial level of Thucydides' history examines the destructive consequences of domestic and foreign policies framed outside the language of justice. His deeper political-philosophical aim was to explore the relationship between nomos (convention) and phusis (nature) and its implications for civilization. Thucydides concludes that nomos constructs identities and channels and restrains the behavior of individuals and societies. Speech and reason (logos) in turn make nomos possible because all conventions depend on shared meanings. The feedback loop between logoi (words) and ergoi (deeds) created Greek civilization but also the international and civil strife (stasis) associated with the Peloponnesian War. International security and civil order depend upon recovering the meanings of words and the conventions they enable. Thucydides should properly be considered a constructivist. -- Downloaded via iphone
ancient_Greece  article  constructivism  Thucydides  IR_theory  downloaded  ancient_history 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Anna Foy - Grainger and the ‘Sordid Master’: Plantocratic Alliance in The Sugar-Cane and Its Manuscript (2017) | The Review of English Studies | Oxford Academic
Scholarship on James Grainger’s perceived alliance with the West Indian plantocracy in The Sugar-Cane has so far not assimilated relevant information from the poem’s extant manuscript. In an unpublished comment on Adam Smith’s Theory of Moral Sentiments, Grainger rejects Smith’s characterization of planters as ‘sordid masters’ and plans his ‘vindication’ of planters accordingly. The published poem largely fulfils this plan: it argues that planters are not heritably incapable of moral sentiment, even as it accepts the Enlightenment’s institutional critique of slavery as a political system that cultivates bad moral habits in slave masters. Grainger relies on conjectural-historical reasoning then typical of Enlightenment moral philosophy, and he posits ‘probity’ as a bulwark against Creole degeneration. Manuscript evidence suggests further that Grainger sought probity in his own philosophical outlook. Although modern scholars have sometimes seen the poem as an attempt to win plantocratic favour, political references confirm that he took a position in the Canada-Guadeloupe controversy opposed to that of the powerful West India Interest. Moreover, during the course of composition, Grainger altered his portraits of planters to make them less flattering and more satirical—an editing process consistent with his apparent desire for philosophical impartiality. -- Downloaded via iPhone to Dbox
Enlightenment  English_lit  Virgil  Scottish_Enlightenment  Kames  poetry  moral_philosophy  article  downloaded  West_Indies  imitation  British_Empire  slavery  18thC  civic_virtue  Smith 
april 2017 by dunnettreader
R. Bin Wong - Entre monde et nation: les régions braudéliennes en Asie (2001) | Annales on JSTOR
Entre monde et nation: les régions braudéliennes en Asie
R. Bin Wong, trans. Pierre-Étienne Will
Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales
56e Année, No. 1 (Jan. - Feb., 2001), pp. 5-41
downloaded  article  jstor  historiography  global_history  Asian_history  Chinese_history  East_Asia 
april 2017 by dunnettreader
Deepak Malhotra & J. Keith Murnighan - The Effects of Contracts on Interpersonal Trust (2002)| Administrative Science Quarterly at JSTOR
Administrative Science Quarterly
Vol. 47, No. 3 (Sep., 2002), pp. 534-559
DOI: 10.2307/3094850
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3094850
Topics: Contracts, Cooperation, Trust, Interpersonal interaction, Psychology, Social interaction, Social psychology, Situational attribution, Motivation, Organizational behavior
social_psychology  contracts  article  altruism  moral_psychology  punishment-altruistic  trust  organizations  downloaded  cooperation  firms-organization  motivation 
april 2017 by dunnettreader
(URL is a pff) Greg Clark & Neil Cummins - Surnames and Social Mobility, Human Nature (2015)
Surnames and Social Mobility
Gregory Clark1 Neil Cummins2
To what extent do parental characteristics explain child social outcomes? Typically, parent-child correlations in socioeconomic measures are in the range 0.2-0.6. Surname evidence suggests, however, that the intergenerational correlation of overall status is much higher. This paper shows, using educational status in England 1170-2012 as an example, that the true underlying correlation of social status is in the range 0.75-0.85. Social status is more strongly inherited even than height. This correlation is constant over centuries, suggesting an underlying social physics surprisingly immune to government intervention. Social mobility in England in 2012 is little greater than in pre-industrial times. Surname evidence in other countries suggests similarly slow underlying mobility rates.
KEYWORDS: Social Mobility, intergenerational correlation, status inheritance
Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
status  Europe-Early_Modern  article  downloaded  surnames  statistics  17thC  British_history  16thC  mobility  Industrial_Revolution  19thC  inheritance  demography  21stC  20thC  18thC  medieval_history 
february 2017 by dunnettreader
(URL is pdf) Clark, Cummins, Hao & Vidal - Surnames: a New Source for the History of Social Mobility (2015)
Surnames: a New Source for the History of Social Mobility, Explorations in Economic History (2015)
Gregory Clark, Neil Cummins, Yu Hao, Dan Diaz Vidal
This paper explains how surname distributions can be used as a way to measure rates of social mobility in contemporary and historical societies. This allows for estimates of social mobility rates for any population for which we know just two facts: the distribution of surnames overall, and the distribution of surnames among some elite or underclass. Such information exists, for example, for England back to 1300, and for Sweden back to 1700. However surname distributions reveal a different, more fundamental type of mobility than that conventionally estimated. Thus surname estimates also allow for measuring a different aspect of social mobility, the underlying average social status of families, but the aspect that matters for mobility of social groups, and for families across multiple generations.
KEYWORDS: Social Mobility, intergenerational correlation, status inheritance
Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
demography  elites  ethnic_groups  social_history  inequality  article  statistics  surnames  mobility  downloaded 
february 2017 by dunnettreader
(Url is a pdf) N. Cummins, M. Kelly & C. O'Grada - Living Standards and Plague in London, 1560–1665
Living Standards and Plague in London, 1560–1665.
Neil Cummins, Morgan Kelly, and Cormac Ó Gráda∗ 2015 forthcoming Economic History Review
Abstract -- We use records of 870,000 burials and 610,000 baptisms to recon- struct the spatial and temporal patterns of birth and death in London from 1560 to 1665, a period dominated by outbreaks of plague. The plagues of 1563, 1603, 1625, and 1665 appear of roughly equal mag- nitude, with deaths running at five to six times their usual rate, but the impact on wealthier central parishes falls markedly through time. Tracking the weekly spread of plague before 1665 we find a consis- tent pattern of elevated mortality spreading from the same two poor northern suburbs. Looking at the seasonal pattern of mortality, we find that the characteristic autumn spike associated with plague con- tinued in central parishes until the early 1700s, and in the poorer surrounding parishes until around 1730. Given that the symptoms of plague and typhus are frequently indistinguishable, claims that plague suddenly vanished from London after 1665 should be treated with caution. In contrast to the conventional view of London as an undif- ferentiated demographic sink we find that natural increase improved as smaller plagues disappeared after the 1580s, and that wealthier... Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
17thC  Black_Death  social_history  statistics  birth_rates  Mathusian_checks  living_standards  economic_history  medicine  political_arithmetick  death_rates  18thC  British_history  plague  London  demography  article  fertility  downloaded  16thC  spatial  segregation 
february 2017 by dunnettreader
G Clark & N Cummins - Urbanization, Mortality, & Fertility in Malthusian England | American Economic Review (2009) on JSTOR
The richest groups reduced fertility around 1800 - before improvements in child mortality. Contra to Clark's hypothesis linking behavior in pre and post industrial periods. "The prospects for a unified account of economic growth in both the Malthusian and the Solovian eras thus look decidedly poor." -- Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
19thC  demography  rural  fertility  urbanization  downloaded  landowners  Industrial_Revolution  London  elites  article  life_expectancy  demographic_transition  16thC  18thC  British_history  17thC 
january 2017 by dunnettreader
Warren Breckman - Cornelius Castoriadis contra Postmodernism: Beyond the "French Ideology" (1998) | JSTOR
Cornelius Castoriadis contra Postmodernism: Beyond the "French Ideology"
Warren Breckman
French Politics and Society
Vol. 16, No. 2 (Spring 1998), pp. 30-42
Topics: Political freedom, Concept of being, Postmodern philosophy, Political ideologies, Political philosophy, Rationalism, Democracy, Unconscious mind, Psyche, Political extremism
Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
unconscious  article  ideology  social_theory  20thC  postmodern  democracy  extremism  political_philosophy  Castoriadis  French_intellectuals  downloaded 
january 2017 by dunnettreader
G. Clark & N. Cummins - Malthus to modernity: wealth, status, and fertility in England, 1500–1879 (2015)
Journal of Population Economics
January 2015, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 3–29
Abstract -- A key challenge to theories of long-run economic growth has been linking the onset of modern growth with the move to modern fertility limitation. A notable puzzle for these theories is that modern growth in England began around 1780, 100 years before there was seemingly any movement to limit fertility. Here we show that the aggregate data on fertility in England before 1880 conceals significant declines in the fertility of the middle and upper classes earlier. These declines coincide with the Industrial Revolution and are of the character predicted by some recent theories of long-run growth.
Keywords: Fertility transition, Demographic transition, Preindustrial fertility
economic_growth  middle_class  article  19thC  paywall  16thC  British_history  fertility  marriage-age  social_history  18thC  status  economic_history  elites  17thC  demography  marriage  birth_control 
january 2017 by dunnettreader
R Kingston, review - Duncan Kelly, The Propriety of Liberty. Persons, Passions and Judgment in Modern Political Thought (2012) | Political Theory - jstor
The Propriety of Liberty. Persons, Passions and Judgment in Modern Political Thought by Duncan Kelly -- Review by: Rebecca Kingston -- Political Theory, Vol. 40, No. 4, August 2012 (pp. 524-527)
Downloaded via Air
article  downloaded  jstor  books  bookshelf  reviews  political_philosophy  liberty  intellectual_history  17thC  18thC  Locke  Locke-2_Treatises  Smith 
january 2017 by dunnettreader
Mark Philp - Realism without Illusions (2012) | Political Theory - jstor
Political Theory, Vol. 40, No. 5 (October 2012), pp. 629-649
This essay engages critically with the recent emergence of "political realism" in political theory (centrally in the work of Raymond Geuss and Bernard Williams). While sympathetic to and convinced of the importance of the core of the enterprise which it identifies, the essay is critical of some of the claims made about the independence of politics from morality and the historically contingent character of political values, and suggests that realism may itself succumb to illusion. The final section sketches an account of the nature of evaluative judgment in the study of politics and, in conclusion, defends both the pluralist character of political theory and the pressing importance of the questions that realism raises and that are inadequately attended to by the bulk of post-war political theory.
Downloaded via Air
article  downloaded  political_philosophy  Geuss  Williams_Bernard  realism  IR_theory  moral_philosophy 
january 2017 by dunnettreader
Elena Seghezza - Fiscal capacity and the risk of sovereign debt after the Glorious Revolution: A reinterpretation of the North–Weingast hypothesis (2015) — ScienceDirect
European Journal of Political Economy, June 2015, Vol.38:71–81, doi:10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2014.12.002
Dept. of Economics, University of Genoa, Via Vivaldi 5, 16126 Genova, Italy
Several explanations have been given to account for the fact that, in contrast to the claim made by North and Weingast (1989), the decline in interest rates on British sovereign debt did not occur until several years after the Glorious Revolution in 1688. This paper puts forward the hypothesis that the decline in the risk premium on Britain's sovereign debt was due to the significant increase in excise duties in the early part of the eighteenth century. This increase was possible for two reasons. On the one hand, with the Glorious Revolution, parliament no longer had reason to fear that the King would strengthen his political power due to the availability of more fiscal revenue. On the other hand, the new excise taxes were borne mostly by the poor, that is a social class not represented in parliament. The delay in reducing the interest rate on British sovereign debt, following the Glorious Revolution, was, therefore, due to the length of time needed to increase and improve the fiscal bureaucracy responsible for the collection of excise duties.
Keywords -- Glorious Revolution Fiscal capacity Sovereign debt Interest rates
article  paywall  political_economy  institutional_economics  North-Weingast  Glorious_Revolution  fiscal-military_state  fiscal_space  tax_policy  tax_collection  bureaucracy  sovereign_debt  interest_rates  Parliament  Parliamentary_supremacy  interest_groups  inequality  excise  lower_orders  taxes-consumption  landed_interest 
december 2016 by dunnettreader
Antonella Alimento - Beyond the Treaty of Utrecht: Véron de Forbonnais's French Translation of the British Merchant (1753): History of European Ideas: Vol 40, No 8
Pages 1044-1066 | Published online: 06 Nov 2014
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01916599.2014.968331
This study focuses on the cultural and political context from which stemmed the French translation of the British Merchant. The paratextual and macrostructural interventions that characterised Le négotiant anglois clearly demonstrate that the translator, Véron de Forbonnais, used his work to set out his own epistemological method and his way of looking at inter-state relations. With the book, Forbonnais had distanced himself from Gournay by rejecting the idea that in order for France to prosper in a situation of international competition the government needed to adopt a muscular strategy that included the adoption of a navigation act modelled on the one enacted by Britain in 1660. At the same time, Forbonnais warned French decision-makers that signing commercial treaties with the maritime powers might also be prejudicial to national economic interests. Forbonnais supplied qualified French readers not only with an annotated edition of the British Merchant but also with a translation of Davenant's Of the Use of Political Arithmetick. In so doing, he proposed to his audience a type of governance based on a competent use of statistics. In conclusion, I will argue that in Le négotiant anglois Forbonnais anticipated the key political and economical tenets of his project of ‘monarchie commerçante’, which he later set out in the Principes et observations æconomiques (1767) in order to counter the rise of the epistemology and plans for a ‘royaume agricole’ put forward by the physiocratic movement.
Keywords: British Merchant, Gournay, Davenant, navigation act, treaties of commerce, ‘balance du commerce’
article  paywall  18thC  intellectual_history  political_economy  international_political_economy  France  British_foreign_policy  economic_theory  economic_policy  Physiocrats  commerce  mercantilism  competition-interstate  Navigation_Acts  trade-agreements  trade-policy  Gournay  Davenant  translation  reception_history  French_government  enlightened_absolutism  balance_of_power  statistics  government-data 
december 2016 by dunnettreader
Ida Nijenhuis - For the Sake of the Republic: The Dutch Translation of Forbonnais's Elémens du commerce | History of European Ideas: Vol 40, No 8 (2014)
History of European Ideas
Volume 40, 2014 - Issue 8: Translation, reception and Enlightened Reform: The case of Forbonnais in eighteenth-century political economy
For the Sake of the Republic: The Dutch Translation of Forbonnais's Elémens du commerce
Ida Nijenhuis
Pages 1202-1216 | Published online: 03 Nov 2014
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01916599.2014.968339
The open access article from the special issue on Forbonnais - downloaded to Tab S2
article  downloaded  political_economy  intellectual_history  18thC  French_Enlightenment  economic_theory  economic_policy  translation  Dutch  commerce  commerce-doux  mercantilism  Bolingbroke  maritime_powers 
december 2016 by dunnettreader
Doohwan Ahn - From Greece to Babylon: The political thought of Andrew Michael Ramsay (1686–1743) | History of European Ideas, Dec 2011 — ScienceDirect
History of European Ideas, December 2011, Vol.37(4):421–437, doi:10.1016/j.histeuroideas.2010.12.005 -- Doohwan Ahn , University of Cambridge, Hughes Hall
This paper explores the political thought of Andrew Michael Ramsay with particular reference to his highly acclaimed book called A New Cyropaedia, or the Travels of Cyrus (1727). Dedicated to Prince Charles Edward Stuart, the Young Pretender, to whom he was tutor, this work has been hitherto viewed as a Jacobite imitation of the Telemachus, Son of Ulysses (1699) of his eminent teacher archbishop Fénelon of Cambrai. By tracing the dual legacy of the first Persian Emperor Cyrus in Western thought, I demonstrate that Ramsay was as much indebted to Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet's Discourse on Universal History (1681) as he was to Fénelon's political romance. Ramsay took advantage of Xenophon's silence about the eponymous hero's adolescent education in his Cyropaedia, or the Education of Cyrus (c. 380 B.C.), but he was equally inspired by the Book of Daniel, where the same Persian prince was eulogised as the liberator of the Jewish people from their captivity in Babylon. The main thrust of Ramsay's adaptation was not only to revamp the Humanist-cum-Christian theory and practice of virtuous kingship for a restored Jacobite regime, but on a more fundamental level, to tie in secular history with biblical history. In this respect, Ramsay's New Cyropaedia, or the Travels of Cyrus, was not just another Fénelonian political novel but more essentially a work of universal history. In addition to his Jacobite model of aristocratic constitutional monarchy, it was this Bossuetian motive for universal history, which was first propounded by the German reformer Philipp Melanchthon in his Chronicon Carionis (1532), that most decisively separated Ramsay from Henry St. John, Viscount Bolingbroke, author of another famous advice book for princes of the period, The Idea of a Patriot King (written in late 1738 for the education of Frederick Lewis, Prince of Wales, but officially published in 1749).
article  downloaded  Academia.edu  intellectual_history  17thC  18thC  universal_history  France  British_history  political_philosophy  Ramsay  Bolingbroke  Fenelon  Bossuet  Jacobites  monarchy  Patriot_King  mirror_for_princes  Bible-as-history  ancient_history  ancient_Greece  Xenophon  Old_Testament  Cyrus_the_Great  Melanchthon  constitutional_monarchy  constitutional_regime  limited_monarchy  Frederick_Prince_of_Wales  Bonnie_Prince_Charlie  kingship 
november 2016 by dunnettreader
PJE Kail - UNDERSTANDING HUME'S NATURAL HISTORY OF RELIGION (2007) - The Philosophical Quarterly - Wiley Online Library
Hume's ‘Natural History of Religion’ offers a naturalized account of the causes of religious thought, an investigation into its ‘origins’ rather than its ‘foundation in reason’. Hume thinks that if we consider only the causes of religious belief, we are provided with a reason to suspend the belief. I seek to explain why this is so, and what role the argument plays in Hume's wider campaign against the rational acceptability of religious belief. In particular, I argue that the work threatens a form of fideism which maintains that it is rationally permissible to maintain religious belief in the absence of evidence or of arguments in its favour. I also discuss the ‘argument from common consent’, and the relative superiority of Hume's account of the origins of religious belief.
article  paywall  Wiley  18thC  Hume  Hume-religion  philosophical_anthropology  religious_history  sociology_of_religion  religious_belief  reason  fideism 
november 2016 by dunnettreader
Jennifer Smalligan Marušić - Refuting The Whole System? Hume's Attack on Popular Religion (2012) - The Philosophical Quarterly - Wiley Online Library
Refuting The Whole System? Hume's Attack on Popular Religion in 'The Natural History of Religion' -- There is reason for genuine puzzlement about Hume's aim in ‘The Natural History of Religion’. Some commentators take the work to be merely a causal investigation into the psychological processes and environmental conditions that are likely to give rise to the first religions, an investigation that has no significant or straightforward implications for the rationality or justification of religious belief. Others take the work to constitute an attack on the rationality and justification of religious belief in general. In contrast to these views, I argue that Hume aims to establish two important claims in ‘The Natural History of Religion’. First, almost all popular religions, including popular monotheism, are deeply superstitious. Second, superstitious monotheism is incompatible with the variety of theism supported by the argument from design. This incompatibility puts significant pressure on the rational acceptability of popular religions.
article  paywall  Wiley  18thC  Hume-religion  Hume-causation  natural_religion  superstition  reason  design-nature 
november 2016 by dunnettreader
Peter Müller - Hobbes, Locke and the Consequences: Shaftesbury's Moral Sense and Political Agitation in Early 18thC England (2013) - Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies - Wiley Online Library
This article examines the political (and Whig) agenda behind the earl of Shaftesbury's moral and religious thought, offering a reading of the so-called ‘moral sense’ that, based on Terry Eagleton's Marxist interpretation of moral-sense philosophy in general and Shaftesbury's use of the concept in particular, illuminates how far the moral sense serves a propagandistic purpose in Shaftesbury's writings. A close examination of this aspect, which has so far not been considered in the relevant literature on Shaftesbury, illuminates the anti-Hobbist and, by implication, anti-Tory (and High Church) tendency of his moral philosophy in the context of Low Church Anglicanism. -- Keywords: Shaftesbury; Thomas Hobbes; John Locke; Latitudinarianism; moral sense; Whiggism; Anglicanism
article  paywall  Wiley  18thC  British_history  British_politics  Whigs  Whig_culture  Shaftesbury  Hobbes  Locke  Church_of_England  High_Church  moral_philosophy  moral_psychology  moral_sentiments  latitudinarian 
november 2016 by dunnettreader
RJW Mills - Lord Kames's analysis of the natural origins of religion: the 'Essays on the Principles of Morality and Natural Religion' (1751) - (2016) - Historical Research - Wiley Online Library
This article investigates the discussion of the origins and development of religious belief within the Scottish jurist and philosopher Henry Home, Lord Kames's Essays on the Principles of Morality and Natural Religion (1751). Kames's work is argued to be a significant yet understudied contribution to the Scottish Enlightenment's examination of religion as a human phenomenon. The Principles contained one of the lengthiest analyses on the topic published by a Scottish literatus. In particular, Kames placed into a historical trajectory the internal sense theory's account of the non-rational origins of religious belief. In doing so, he provided an apologetic account of the progress from polytheism to monotheism resulting from the emergence of civil society, which set the tone for later Scottish discussions of religion.
article  paywall  Wiley  18thC  philosophical_anthropology  historiography-18thC  historical_change  stadial_theories  Kames  religious_history  sociology_of_religion  polytheism  monotheism  Bolingbroke  Hume  natural_religion  moral_philosophy  moral_psychology  moral_sentiments  civil_society  Scottish_Enlightenment  Kirk 
november 2016 by dunnettreader
Dario Battistella - Raymond Aron, réaliste néoclassique | Érudit | Études internationales v43 n3 2012, p. 371-388 |
Institut d’études politiques de Bordeaux -- Successivement apprécié, critiqué, et oublié, Raymond Aron a toujours été difficile à classer au sein de la discipline des Relations internationales. Parmi les recensions récentes dont son oeuvre a fait l’objet, celle de Michael Doyle fait une proposition intéressante, en y voyant un réaliste constitutionnaliste. Notre contribution se propose d’approfondir cette piste en montrant qu’Aron est en fait un réaliste néoclassique avant la lettre. Après avoir rappelé les points communs qu’Aron partage avec le réalisme classique de Morgenthau et le néoréalisme de Waltz, cet article démontre les affinités à la fois ontologiques et épistémologiques entre l’internationaliste français et les réalistes néoclassiques nord-américains qui ignorent qu’ils ignorent Aron. -- dowloaded via Air
article  downloaded  intellectual_history  20thC  entre_deux_guerres  WWII  post-WWII  Cold_War  Aron_Raymond  IR  IR_theory  IR-domestic_politics  French_intellectuals  French_politics  French_history  Vichy  4th_Republic  5th_Republic  political_press  political_discourse 
october 2016 by dunnettreader
Peter Solar - Poor Relief and English Economic Development before the Industrial Revolution (1995) | Economic History Review on JSTOR
The English system of poor relief helped to shape the country's distinctive pre-industrial economy. English relief, when set against continental experience, stands out as uniform and comprehensive in coverage; as reliant on local property taxation for funding; and as generous and reliable in benefits. The insurance provided by relief underpinned the growth of a mobile wage-labour force and facilitated changes inland tenure and use. The fiscal impact of relief expenditure gave taxpayers incentives to put labourers to work and to keep local demographic and economic development in balance.
agriculture-productivity  Labor_markets  economic_history  welfare  Industrial_Revolution  local_government  downloaded  jstor  agriculture  18thC  British_history  17thC  Poor_Laws  article  Europe-Early_Modern  19thC  demography  unemployment 
october 2016 by dunnettreader
Does Welfare Spending Crowd Out Charitable Activity? Evidence from Historical England Under the Poor Laws - Boberg-Fazlić - 2015 - The Economic Journal - Wiley Online Library
This study examines the relationship between government spending and charitable activity. We present a novel way of testing the ‘crowding out hypothesis’, making use of the fact that welfare provision under the Old Poor Laws was decided at the parish level, thus giving heterogeneity within a single country. Using data on poor relief spending combined with data on charitable incomes by county before and after 1800, we find a positive relationship: areas with more public provision also enjoyed higher levels of charitable income. These results are confirmed when instrumenting for Poor Law spending and when looking at first differences.
See the LSE blog post that summarizes this study.
bad_economics  British_politics  British_history  Poor_Laws  18thC  budget_deficit  Industrial_Revolution  agriculture  fiscal_policy  Wiley  welfare  Tories  philanthropy  UK_economy  Labor_markets  UK_politics  unemployment  paywall  article  Brexit  19thC  landowners 
october 2016 by dunnettreader
Stacie Goddard & Daniel Nexon - An Agenda for the Study of the Dynamics of Global Power Politics (2016 forthcoming at the Journal of Global Security Studies) | Academia.edu
We call for a research program focused on the dynamics of global power politics. Rather than link realpolitik to structural-realist theoretical frameworks or the putatively anarchical character of world politics, the program treats power politics as an object of analysis in its own right. It embraces debate over the nature of global power politics among scholars working with distinctive approaches. It sees the structural contexts of power politics as highly variable and often hierarchical in character. It attenuates ex ante commitments to the centrality of states in global politics. And it takes for granted that actors deploy multiple resources and modalities of power in their pursuit of influence. What binds this diverse research program together is its focus on realpolitik as the politics of collective mobilization in the context of the struggle for influence among political communities, broadly understood. Thus, the study of the dynamics of collective mobilization—the causal and constitutive pathways linking efforts at mobilization with enhanced power—brings together approaches to security studies together in a shared study of power politics. -- downloaded via Air to DBOX - added to Evernote
article  IR_theory  power-asymmetric  realpolitik  soft_power  international_society  competition-interstate  security_studies  diplomacy  power_politics  influence  hierarchy 
september 2016 by dunnettreader
Stephen Turner - Double Heuristics and Collective Knowledge: the Case of Expertise (2012) - archived on Cosmos + Taxis site
STUDIES IN EMERGENT ORDER VOL 5 (2012): 64-85 -- cases of extreme “information asymmetry” in which members of the audience of the experts have knowledge that is different from the knowledge of experts. The knowledge is often relevant, and the decision by a member of the audience of the expert to accept or reject the expert’s claims is not, as the models imply, based simply on beliefs about the reliability of the experts, but on the knowledge that the member of the audience already has, and has solid grounds for. In these cases, the better model for understanding how the member of the audience assesses the expert involves the content of the knowledge, not merely the evaluation of the expert. (...) I will treat the problem of expert knowledge as a special case of knowledge aggregation. My suggestion will be that the application of specific decision procedures, such as voting, produces, at the collective level, an emergent form of knowledge acquisition with its own features. Nothing about this account, however, requires an appeal to super-individual entities or processes, collective intentionality, and so forth. My point, rather, will be that to understand these processes it is necessary to eliminate some familiar prejudices about knowledge acquisition and our dependence on others. To put it in a slogan, my point is that “collective epistemology” or social epistemology has failed to be either sufficiently social or sufficiently epistemological. My approach will be to bring both back in, without resorting to appeals to collective facts. -- downloaded via Air to DBOX
article  downloaded  social_theory  epistemology  epistemology-social  evidence  rationality  asymmetric_information  emergence 
september 2016 by dunnettreader
Dmitri N. Shalin - Critical Theory and theh Pragmatist Challenge (1992) | American Journal of Sociology
AJS Volume 98 Number 2 (September 1992): 237-79 -- Habermas's theory breaks with the Continental tradition that has denigrated pragmatism as an Anglo-Saxon philosophy subservient to technocratic capitalism. While Habermas deftly uses pragmatist insights into communicative rationality and democratic ethos, he shows little sensitivity to other facets of pragmatism. This article argues that incorporating the pragmatist perspective on experience and indeterminacy brings a corrective to the emancipatory agenda championed by critical theorists. The pragmatist alternative to the theory of communicative action is presented, with the discussion centering around the following themes: disembodied reason versus embodied reasonableness, determinate being versus indeterminate reality, discursive truth versus pragmatic certainty, rational consensus versus reasonable dissent, transcendental democracy versus democratic transcendence, and rational society versus sane community. -- downloaded via Air to DBOX - added to Evernote
article  downloaded  social_theory  political_philosophy  critical_theory  pragmatism  Habermas  Peirce  James_William  Dewey  democracy  community  public_sphere  public_reason  rationality  experience  indeterminacy  dissent  consensus  public_opinion  cultural_critique  change-social 
september 2016 by dunnettreader
Édouard Mehl, -La philosophie au tribunal de la théologie ? Sur la dédicace des Méditations de Descartes à la Faculté de Théologie de la Sorbonne (2013)
Édouard Mehl, « La philosophie au tribunal de la théologie ? », Revue des sciences religieuses [En ligne], 87/4 | 2013, mis en ligne le 30 mars 2016, consulté le 24 septembre 2016. URL : http://rsr.revues.org/3102 ; DOI : 10.4000/rsr.3102 -- Descartes a soumis ses Meditationes de Prima Philosophia (1641) à l’examen de la Faculté de Théologie de la Sorbonne. Cette démarche peut surprendre, car la philosophie revendique ouvertement la séparation des domaines, et, dans le contexte de l’affaire Galilée, on s’interroge même sur la compétence des théologiens dans les matières de pure philosophie. La Sorbonne n’ayant pas, que l’on sache, donné suite à la demande cartésienne, on se tourne ici vers la censure romaine des œuvres de Descartes. L’article met en évidence un paradoxe : alors que le Saint Office n’a pas le moins du monde inquiété des auteurs de sensibilité averroïste, comme Zabarella, qui n’admettent que des preuves « faibles » de l’existence de Dieu (preuves de surcroît fondées sur le sable de la physique aristotélicienne), il n’a pas hésité à censurer la preuve métaphysique, originale, de l’existence de Dieu par son idée (Méditation III). C’est dire que si la théologie, tant réformée que romaine, et la philosophie cartésienne n’ont pas fait bon ménage, c’est sans doute plus par un malentendu quant au sens de ce que Descartes appelle l’ « idée naturelle de Dieu », que pour des raisons objectivement fondées dans le corps même de cette philosophie première. -- via Academia.edu - Downloaded via Air to DBOX - added to Evernote
article  downloaded  Academia.edu  Evernote  intellectual_history  religious_history  17thC  science-and-religion  Descartes  Sorbonne 
september 2016 by dunnettreader
1% Skepticism - Schwitzgebel - 2015 - Noûs - Wiley Online Library
Abstract: A 1% skeptic is someone who has about a 99% credence in non-skeptical realism and about a 1% credence in the disjunction of all radically skeptical scenarios combined. The first half of this essay defends the epistemic rationality of 1% skepticism, appealing to dream skepticism, simulation skepticism, cosmological skepticism, and wildcard skepticism. The second half of the essay explores the practical behavioral consequences of 1% skepticism, arguing that 1% skepticism need not be behaviorally inert. Preprint downloaded to Tab S2
article  scepticism  downloaded 
september 2016 by dunnettreader
Eric Schwitzgebel - Crazyist Metaphysics of Mind (2014) Australasian Journal of Philosophy: Vol 92, No 4
Crazyism about X is the view that something it would be crazy to believe must be among the core truths about X. In this essay, I argue that crazyism is true of the metaphysics of mind. A position is ‘crazy’ in the intended sense if it is contrary to common sense and we are not epistemically compelled to believe it. Crazyism can be treated as the conjunction of two sub-theses: (1) that something contrary to common sense must be true and (2) that whatever that true thing is, we are not epistemically compelled to believe it. I defend the first thesis on grounds of the probable incoherence of folk metaphysics, from which it follows that any fully fleshed-out metaphysics will inevitably conflict with some piece of that incoherent story. I defend the second thesis on three grounds: peer disagreement, lack of a compelling method for resolving metaphysical disputes about the mind, and the dubiousness of the general cosmological claims with which metaphysical claims about the mind are entangled. -- Keywords: common sense, consciousness, dualism, idealism, materialism, metaphilosophy, metaphysics, -- downloaded to Tab S2
article  metaphysics  mind  epistemology  folk_psychology  cosmology  dualism  idealism  materialism  consciousness  reductionism  naturalism  downloaded 
september 2016 by dunnettreader
Acemoglu, Cantoni, Johnson
The Consequences of Radical Reform: The French Revolution
Daron Acemoglu, Davide Cantoni, Simon Johnson and James A. Robinson
The American Economic Review
Vol. 101, No. 7 (DECEMBER 2011), pp. 3286-3307
Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
commerce  urbanization  guilds  elites  republicanism  reform-legal  Rhineland  reform-political  Germany  economic_growth  political_economy  reform-economic  jstor  political_history  civil_code  French_Revolution  rule_of_law  institutional_economics  bourgeoisie  aristocracy  trade  article  downloaded  feudalism  economic_history 
september 2016 by dunnettreader
Joan Robinson - The Second Crisis of Economic Theory (1972 Ely Lecture) | American Economic Review - JSTOR
The Second Crisis of Economic Theory
Joan Robinson
The American Economic Review
Vol. 62, No. 1/2 (Mar. 1, 1972), pp. 1-10
The Richard T. Ely Lecture 1972 - JK Galbraith was AEA Pres - The Chicago boyz have spent every year since "proving" loudly that JKG was nothing but a failed dilettante and Joan was just an hysterical girl
article  political_economy  1960s  economic_theory  downloaded  1970s  Keynesianism  macroeconomics  Robinson_Joan  Galbraith_JK 
september 2016 by dunnettreader
James Tobin - The Monetarist Counter-Revolution Today - An Appraisal (1981) | The Economic Journal on JSTOR
The Monetarist Counter-Revolution Today-An Appraisal
James Tobin
The Economic Journal
Vol. 91, No. 361 (Mar., 1981), pp. 29-42
Published by: Wiley on behalf of the Royal Economic Society
DOI: 10.2307/2231692
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2231692
Via Anne @ Thoma re Krugman returning to Tobin and seeing his counterblast as not the last feeble defense against the new kids on the block - Tobin was right!
Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
RBC  20thC  downloaded  central_banks  Volker  article  social_sciences-post-WWII  wages  monetarism  Friedman_Milton  intellectual_history  economic_theory  monetary_policy  Tobin  inflation  interest_rates  oil_price  Fed  unemployment  post-WWII  Keynesianism 
september 2016 by dunnettreader
Paolo Malanima - When did England overtake Italy? Medieval and early modern divergence in prices and wages - European Review of Economic History
When did England overtake Italy? Medieval and early modern divergence in prices and wages PAOLO MALANIMA Institute of Studies on Mediterranean Societies (National Research Council), ISSM-CNR, malanima@issm.cnr.it According to Allen, between 1500 and 1750, a “great divergence” among countries in the level of wages occurred in Europe. Italian real wages were already among the lowest in the late medieval and early modern age. Their relative level diminished even more from the seventeenth century. An analysis of prices and wages in Italy and England does not support this view. Actually, until the beginning of the eighteenth century, Italian real wages were either higher than in England (fourteenth and fifteenth centuries) or more or less equal (sixteenth and seventeenth). It was not until the eighteenth century that England began to overtake Italy. However, the disparity in wages before 1800 was modest. It increased fast from then onwards. Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
labor_history  Italy  15thC  medieval_history  labor_force_structure  competiveness-labor  wages  economic_history  British_history  14thC  economic_growth  downloaded  Renaissance  16thC  Labor_markets  17thC  article  prices  18thC  England 
september 2016 by dunnettreader
Paolo Malanima - The long decline of a leading economy: GDP in central and northern Italy, 1300–1913 (2013) - European Economic History Review
The long decline of a leading economy: GDP in central and northern Italy, 1300–1913 PAOLO MALANIMA Institute of Studies on Mediterranean Societies (Naples) Italian National Research Council (CNR), malanima@issm.cnr.it The purpose of the article is to present the statistical reconstruction of a series of per capita output in central–northern Italy between 1300 and 1913. The various phases of both the statistical procedure and the results are presented and discussed. From the Renaissance until the 1880s, when modern growth starts, the curve of per capita GDP is downward bent. Output series together with three robustness tests, are collected in the Appendices.
Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
productivity  economic_growth  17thC  agriculture  18thC  16thC  Renaissance  economic_history  14thC  stats  urbanization  Italy  GDP  manufacturing  GDP-per_capita  economic_decline  downloaded  article  proto-industry  agriculture-productivity  19thC  commerce  15thC 
september 2016 by dunnettreader
Paolo Malanima - Energy consumption in England
The displacement of the centre of the European economy from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic and the beginning of north–south divergence in Europe has been discussed on the basis of data on real wages, urbanization rates, and, more recently, estimates of gross domestic product for a number of European countries. The purpose of the present article is to contribute to this line of research with the elaboration of yearly series of total energy consumption in Italy and England for the long period 1560–1913. New data on energy services, energy intensity, and, finally, social savings from the use of energy are also presented and discussed for both Italy and England.These new data allow us to specify that energy played a central role.Yet it was relatively late that its importance as a provider of mechanical work developed fully; that is, from 1830 onwards in England and from the end of the nineteenth century in Italy. - Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
16thC  economic_growth  pre-WWI  17thC  transport  manufacturing  energy  modernization  18thC  industrialization  energy-transition  energy-markets  Industrial_Revolution  economic_history  Italy  consumption  downloaded  19thC  article  energy-intensity  British_history 
september 2016 by dunnettreader
Kathleen Knight - Transformations of the Concept of Ideology in the 20thC (2006) | The American Political Science Review on JSTOR
Kathleen Knight - Barnard & Columbia U -- The American Political Science Review, Vol. 100, No. 4, Thematic Issue on the Evolution of Political Science, in Recognition of the Centennial of the Review (Nov., 2006), pp. 619-626
Ideology has been the subject of a surprising amount of attention during the last half of the 20thC. Although it has been argued that the term has been "thoroughly muddied by diverse uses"(Converse 1964, 207),an empirical investigation of the pages of the Review reveals substantial convergence among political scientists over time on a core definition. This essay traces the use of the concept in the Review since its launch in 1906. It reveals changing fashions in the connotation of the term, but suggests an underlying agreement on the essential components - coherence, stability and contrast - and underlines the centrality of the concept of ideology in political science. - Downloaded via Air
article  jstor  downloaded  intellectual_history  20thC  political_science  social_sciences  social_sciences-post-WWII  ideology  identity  political_culture  political_participation  political_philosophy  sociology_of_knowledge 
september 2016 by dunnettreader
Nicolas Claidière and Dan Sperber - Imitation explains the propagation, not the stability of animal culture (2008) - Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Biological Sciences
For acquired behaviour to count as cultural, two conditions must be met: it must propagate in a social group, and it must remain stable across generations in the process of propagation. It is commonly assumed that imitation is the mechanism that explains both the spread of animal culture and its stability. We review the literature on transmission chain studies in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and other animals, and we use a formal model to argue that imitation, which may well play a major role in the propagation of animal culture, cannot be considered faithful enough to explain its stability. We consider the contribution that other psychological and ecological factors might make to the stability of animal culture observed in the wild. -- Keywords: imitation, cultural evolution, animal culture -- See addendum commentary "The natural selection of fidelity in social learning" in Commun Integr Biol, volume 3 (2010) -- Both downloaded to Tab S2
article  downloaded  imitation  cognitive_science  cognition-social  cultural_transmission  cultural_stability  social_learning  cultural_change  evolution-as-model  evolutionary_biology  evolution-social  evolution-group_selection  cultural_evolution  natural_selection  sociobiology  socialization  epistemology-social 
august 2016 by dunnettreader
Nicolas Claidière and Dan Sperber - The natural selection of fidelity in social learning (2010) - Communicative and Integrative Biology
Follow-up to Royal Society article -- Social learning mechanisms are usually assumed to explain both the spread and the persistence of cultural behavior. In a recent article, we showed that the fidelity of social learning commonly found in transmission chain experiments is not high enough to explain cultural stability. Here we want to both enrich and qualify this conclusion by looking at the case of song transmission in song birds, which can be faithful to the point of being true replication. We argue that this high fidelity results from natural selection pressure on cognitive mechanisms. This observation strengthens our main argument. Social learning mechanisms are unlikely to be faithful enough to explain cultural stability because they are generally selected not for high fidelity but for generalization and adjustment to the individual’s needs, capacities and situation.
Key words: cultural evolution, bird song, imitation, memetic, social learning, transmission chain study
article  evolutionary_biology  evolution-social  social_learning  cultural_transmission  imitation  cultural_change  cultural_evolution  cultural_stability  tradition  cognitive_science  social_process  cognition-social  cognition 
august 2016 by dunnettreader
Ilkka Pyysiainen - Cognitive Science of Religion: State of the Art (2012) | Academia.edu
Journal for the Cognitive Science of Religion (2012) -- article presents an introduction to the cognitive science of religion. It shows that CSR began with original theoretical approaches within the human sciences and has subsequently developed into a more empirical, interdisciplinary feld of study. The feld is growing rapidly with the appearance of several centers and projects. The most important theories, fndings, and criticisms are presented. Also the various centers of study and recent projects are described. -- Keywords -- cognition, agency, sociality, ritual -- Downloaded to Tab S2
article  downloaded  religion  cognitive_science  sociology_of_religion  religious_belief  religious_experience  religious_culture  comparative_religion  comparative_anthropology  neuroscience  cultural_transmission  cultural_change  cultural_influence  tradition  Innovation  ritual  agency  agency-structure  social_psychology  social_movements 
august 2016 by dunnettreader
Alberto Acerbi & Alex Mesoudi,If we are all cultural Darwinians what’s the fuss about? Clarifying recent disagreements in the field of cultural evolution | SpringerLink
Acerbi, A. & Mesoudi, A. Biol Philos (2015) 30: 481. doi:10.1007/s10539-015-9490-2 -- Biology & Philosophy, July 2015, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 481–503 -- Cultural evolution studies are characterized by the notion that culture evolves accordingly to broadly Darwinian principles. Yet how far the analogy between cultural and genetic evolution should be pushed is open to debate. Here, we examine a recent disagreement that concerns the extent to which cultural transmission should be considered a preservative mechanism allowing selection among different variants, or a transformative process in which individuals recreate variants each time they are transmitted. The latter is associated with the notion of “cultural attraction”. This issue has generated much misunderstanding and confusion. We first clarify the respective positions, noting that there is in fact no substantive incompatibility between cultural attraction and standard cultural evolution approaches, beyond a difference in focus. Whether cultural transmission should be considered a preservative or reconstructive process is ultimately an empirical question, and we examine how both preservative and reconstructive cultural transmission has been studied in recent experimental research in cultural evolution. Finally, we discuss how the relative importance of preservative and reconstructive processes may depend on the granularity of analysis and the domain being studied. -- Keywords -- Cultural attraction, Cultural attractors, Cultural evolution, Cultural transmission
article  cultural_attractors  evolution-social  evolution-group_selection  evolution-as-model  evolution  cultural_change  cultural_transmission  cultural_influence  gene-culture_coevolution  social_process 
august 2016 by dunnettreader
M Starnini, M Frasca & A Baronchelli - Emergence of metapopulations and echo chambers in mobile agent - Scientific Reports (2016) - nature.com
Michele Starnini, Mattia Frasca & Andrea Baronchelli -- Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 31834 (2016), doi:10.1038/srep31834
Multi-agent models often describe populations segregated either in the physical space, i.e. subdivided in metapopulations, or in the ecology of opinions, i.e. partitioned in echo chambers. Here we show how both kinds of segregation can emerge from the interplay between homophily and social influence in a simple model of mobile agents endowed with a continuous opinion variable. In the model, physical proximity determines a progressive convergence of opinions but differing opinions result in agents moving away from each others. This feedback between mobility and social dynamics determines the onset of a stable dynamical metapopulation scenario where physically separated groups of like-minded individuals interact with each other through the exchange of agents. The further introduction of confirmation bias in social interactions, defined as the tendency of an individual to favor opinions that match his own, leads to the emergence of echo chambers where different opinions coexist also within the same group. We believe that the model may be of interest to researchers investigating the origin of segregation in the offline and online world. -- Downloaded to Tab S2
article  downloaded  systems-complex_adaptive  social_process  dynamic_attractors  segregation  epistemic_closure  public_opinion  social_media  multi-agent_models  agent-based_models  agency-structure  emergence 
august 2016 by dunnettreader
« earlier      
per page:    204080120160

related tags

1-percent  3rd_Republic  4th_Republic  5th_Republic  10thC  11thC  12thC  13thC  14thC  15thC  15thC16thC  16thc  17thc  17thC18thC  18thC  19thC  20thC  21stC  1590s  1600s  1670s  1680s  1690s  1700s  1707_Union  1710s  1715_uprising  1720s  1730s  1740s  1745_rebellion  1750s  1760s  1770s  1790s  1800s  1810s  1820s  1848_revolutions  1960s  1970s  1990s  2000s  2010s  abolition  absence  Absolute  Absolutism  abstraction  academia  Academia.edu  academies  Académie_des_Inscriptions  Académie_des_Sciences  Académie_Française  access_to_finance  access_to_services  accountability  accounting  accumulation  accumulation-differential  action-social  action-theory  actors  Actor_Network_Theory  actresses  Adams_John  adaptability  Addison  aded  administrative_agencies  administrative_law  Adorno  advisory_services  aesthetics  affect  africa  African_trade  after-life  Agamben  agency  agency-structure  agent-based_models  agents  aging  agrarian_capitalism  Agrarian_Laws  agriculture  agriculture-markets  agriculture-productivity  agriculture-surplus  AI  aid  Alain  Albert_Magnus  alchemy  Alexander_of_Aphrodisias  algorithms  alienation  allegiance  allegory  alliances  alliances-political  allusions  altruism  Amazons  ambition  america  American_colonies  American_exceptionalism  American_lit  American_Revolution  Amhurst  anachronism  analysis-logic  analytical_philosophy  anarchical_society  anarchy  anatomy  Ancients-and-Moderns  Ancients_v_Moderns  ancient_Britain  ancient_constitution  ancient_Egypt  ancient_Greece  ancient_history  ancient_Israel  ancient_philosophy  ancient_religions  ancient_Rome  Ancien_régime  Anglican  Anglo-American  Anglo-Dutch  Anglo-French  Anglo-Irish_constitution  Anglo-Norman  Anglo-Saxons  Anglo-Saxon_empire  Anglo-Scot  Anglo-Spanish  animals  Annales  Anscombe  anthropocentrism  anthropology  anthropomorphism  anti-absolutism  anti-aristocracy  anti-Calvinists  anti-capitalism  anti-Catholic  anti-Communist  anti-foundationalism  anti-humanism  anti-individualism  anti-intellectual  anti-Jacobin  anti-materialism  anti-modernity  anti-monarchy  anti-Semitism  anti-Trinitarian  anticlerical  Antiquarianism  antiquaries  antiquity  apocalyptic  aporia  apostolic_succession  applied-_science  apriori  Aquinas  Arabian_Peninsula  arbitrage  Arbuthnot  arcana_imperii  archaeology  architecture  archives  Arendt  Ariosto  aristocracy  aristocracy-natural  Aristotelian  Aristotle  Arminian  Arnold_Matthew  Aron_Raymond  art-economics  article  artificial_intelligence  artists  arts-promotion  art_criticism  art_history  art_market  Aryanism  as-if  asceticism  asia  Asian_crisis  Asian_history  Asia_Pacific  Asiento  asset_management  asset_prices  asset_stripping  assimilation  associations  Astell  astrology  astronomy  asymmetric_information  atheism  atheism_panic  Athens  Atlantic  atomism  attention  Atterbury  audience  Augustan  Augustan_Rome  Augustine  Augustinian  Augustus  Austen  austerity  Australia  Austria  Austrian_economics  authenticity  authoritarian  authority  authors  authors-women  author_intention  author_untention  automation  automatons  autonomy  avant_guard  Averroes  a_priori  Bacon  bad_economics  bad_history  bad_journalism  bad_science  Bagehot  bail-ins  bailouts  Bakhtin  balance_of_payments  balance_of_power  ballads  Balzac  banking  bankruptcy  Bank_of_England  bank_runs  barbarians  Barbeyrac  bargaining  baroque  Baudelaire  Baxter_Richard  Bayesian  Bayle  beauty  Becker_Gary  behavior  behavior-animals  behavior-male  behavioralism  behavioral_economics  behaviorism  Behn  Being  belief  belles-lettres  Bembo  benchmarks  benefit_corporations  benevolence  Benjamin  Bentham  Bergson  Berkeley  Berlin_Isaiah  Bevir  bias-unconscious  Bible-as-history  Bible-as-literature  Biblical_allusion  Biblical_authority  Biblical_criticism  Biblical_exegesis  bibliography  bibliophiles  bigotry  big_data  bilateral_agreements  bildung  bill_of_rights  biocultural_evolution  biography  biography-writing  biology  birth_control  birth_rates  Bitcoin  Blackburn  Blackstone  Black_Death  blockchain  blue_water_strategy  Blumenberg  Board_of_Trade  Boccaccio  Bodin  body  body_politic  Boethius  Bolingbroke  Bolingbroke-family  bond_markets  bond_market_vigilantes  Bonnie_Prince_Charlie  book  books  bookshelf  Bossuet  botany  Boudon  Bougainvilliers  Boulainvilliers  Boulanger_Nicholas-Antoine  Bourdieu  bourgeoisie  Boyle  brain  brain-aging  brain-development  Brandom  Bretton_Woods  Brexit  Britain  Britain-Continent  Britain-invasion  Britannia  British-French_attitudes  British_Army  British_Empire  British_Empire-constitutional_structure  British_Empire-military  British_foreign_policy  British_history  British_Idealism  British_Navy  British_politics  Bruno  Brydges  bubbles  Bubble_Act  Buchanan  Buckingham_1st_Duke  Buddhism  budget_deficit  bureaucracy  burghers  Burke  Burke_Kenneth  Burlington  Bush_administration  business  business-and-politics  business-ethics  business-forecasts  business-norms  business_cycles  business_ethics  business_history  business_influence  business_practices  busisness-ethics  Butler  Byron  Calvin  Calvinist  Cambridge_Platonists  Cambridge_School  cameralism  campaign_finance  Camus  canon  canon_law  Cantillon  capabilities  capacity_fulfillment  capital  capitalism  capitalism-alternatives  capitalism-systemic_crisis  capitalism-varieties  capitalization  capital_adequacy  capital_as_power  capital_controls  capital_flows  capital_markets  Carlyle  Carnap  carnival  Carolina  Carteret  Cartesian  Cartesians  Cartesian_Circle  Cassirer  Castoriadis  casuistry  catastrophe  categories  Catherine_the_Great  catholics  Catholics-and-politics  Catholics-England  Catholics-France  Catholics-Ireland  Catholic_emancipation  Cato's_Letters  causation  causation-evolutionary  causation-social  Cavell  Cavendish_Margaret  celebrity  censorship  center-periphery  centralization  Central_Asia  central_banks  Central_Europe  central_government  certainty  chaebols  chance  Chancery  change-economic  change-intellectual  change-metaphysics  change-social  chaos_theory  character  character-formation  charity  Charles_I  Charles_II  checks-and-balances  chemistry  china  Chinese_history  chosen_people  Christendom  Christianity  Christianity-Islam_conflict  Christian_Democracy  Christology  chronology  Church-and-State  church-in-danger  church_courts  Church_Fathers  church_history  Church_of_England  Church_of_Ireland  Cibber  Cicero  circulation-ideas  circulation-news  circulation-people  cities  citizens  citizenship  City  City_politics  city_states  civic_humanism  civic_virtue  civility-political  civilization-concept  civilizing_process  civil_code  civil_liberties  civil_religion  civil_society  civil_wars  claims-moral  clans  Clarke  ClarkJonathan  clash_of_civilizations  classes  classical_economics  classical_reception  classicism  classification  class_conflict  clearing_&_settlement  clergy  clerisy  clientelism  climate  climate-adaptation  Clinton_Administration  cliometrics  Clive  cloud  clubs  co-ops  Coase  coercion  coffeehouses  cognition  cognition-social  cognitive_bias  cognitive_science  coherence  Coke  Colbert  Colbertism  Cold_War  Coleridge  collections  collective_action  collective_memory  Collingwood  Collins_Anthony  colonialism  comedy  commentaries  commerce  commerce-doux  commercial_interest  commercial_law  commodities  commons  commonwealth  Commonwealthmen  common_good  common_law  Common_Sense  communication  communitarian  community  community-virtual  comparative_advantage  comparative_anthropology  comparative_economics  comparative_history  comparative_law  comparative_politics  comparative_religion  competition  competition-financial_sector  competition-interstate  competition-political  competitiveness  competiveness-labor  complexity  complex_adaptive_systems  composers  composite_monarchies  comprehension-church  concepts  concepts-change  Condillac  conditionality  confessionalization  conflict  conflict_of_interest  conflict_of_laws  Confuscianism  Congregationalist  Congress  connected_history  conquest  conscience  consciousness  consensus  consent  conservatism  conspicuous_consumption  conspiracy  Constant  constituencies  constituent_power  constitutionalism  constitutional_law  constitutional_monarchy  constitutional_regime  constitutions  constructivism  consumer-know-how  consumerism  consumers  consumer_demand  consumer_protection  consumer_revolution  consumer_society  consumption  contemplative_lit  contemporary_art  contention  contextualism  continental_philosophy  contingency  continuity  contracts  contractualism  conventionalism-linguistic  conventions  convergence-econimic  conversation  Convocation  cooperation  coordination  coordinator  copyright  corporate_citizenship  corporate_control  corporate_control_markets  corporate_finance  corporate_governance  corporate_law  corporate_ownership  corporate_personhood  corporations  corporations-closely-held  corporatism  corpuscular  correspondence  corruption  cosmology  cosmopolitanism  cost-benefit  counsel  counselors  Counter-Enlightenment  counter-reformation  counter-revolution  counterfactuals  country_house  Country_Party  couplet  courses  courtiers  court_culture  Covenanting  covenants  covering_laws  Craftsman  craftsmanship  creation  creativity  credit  creditors  credit_booms  credit_crunch  credit_ratings  crime  criminal_justice  crisis  Critical_Legal_Studies  critical_realism  critical_theory  critics  critique  Croce  Cromwell  crony_capitalism  cross-border  crowding_out  crowds  crown-in-parliament  Crown_finance  CSR  Cudworth  cultural_attractors  cultural_authority  cultural_capital  cultural_change  cultural_critique  cultural_diversity  cultural_evolution  cultural_exchange  cultural_history  cultural_influence  cultural_objects  cultural_pessimism  cultural_stability  cultural_studies  cultural_transmission  culture  culture-comparative  culture_wars  curiosity  currency  custom  customary_law  customer_relations  cybernetics  cycles  cyclical_history  cynicism  Cyrus_the_Great  Czech  Cévannes  d'Holbach  Dacier_Mme  Dante  DARPA  Darwall  Darwin  Darwinism  data  Davenant  Davidson  Davila  dearth  death_rates  debt  debt-overhang  debt-restructuring  debtor-creditor  debtors  debt_crisis  decentralization  deception  decision_theory  declinism  deconstruction  decorative_arts  dedications-author  deduction  default  deference  deficit_finance  Defoe  Deism  Deleuze  deliberation  deliberation-public  deliberative_democracy  Deluze  demagogue  demand-side  democracy  democracy-direct  democracy_deficit  democratic_peace_theory  democratization  Democrats  Democritus  demographic_transition  demography  demons  demonstration  Dennett  deposits  derivatives  Derrida  Descartes  design  design-nature  desire  despotism  determinism  development  development-biological  development-finance  development-impact  development-personal  development_process  deviance  devil  devotional_practices  Dewey  De_Anima  de_Witt  dialectic  dialectic-historical  dialogue  Dickens  diction  Diderot  diet  diffusion  digital_humanities  dignity  Dilthey  Diogenes_Laertius  Diogenes_the_Cynic  Dionysian  diplomacy  diplomacy-  diplomatic_history  diplomats  Directoire  directors  disciplines  disclosure  discourse  discourse-political_theory  discourse_ethics  discrimination  disenchantment  disintermediation  display  dissent  dissenters  Dissertation_on_Parties  distribution-income  distribution-wealth  diversity  divine_command  divine_intellect  divine_right  dogmatism  doing_business  domesticity  domination  dominion  Donne  Dostoyevsky  downlo  downloaded  drives  Dryden  dualism  Dublin_Society  DuBois  duels  due_process  Dummett  Dunciad  Dunston  Durkheim  Dutch  Dutch_Revolt  duties  duties-legal  duty_of_care  duty_of_loyalty  Dworkin  dyachronic  dynamic_attractors  dynasties  Early_Christian  early_modern  Early_Republic  east  Eastern_Europe  East_Asia  East_India_Company  ECB  ecclesiology  eclecticism  eco-theology  ecology  econometrics  economics-and-morality  economics_of_cultural_production  economics_of_religion  economic_culture  economic_decline  economic_growth  economic_history  economic_models  economic_policy  economic_reform  economic_shocks-propagation  economic_sociology  economic_theory  economy  economy-embedded  economy-structure  Edgeworth  Edict_of_Nantes  Edinburgh_Review  education  education-civic  education-elites  education-higher  education-K-12  education-privatization  education-training  education-women  Edward_VI  EF-add  efficiency  egalitarian  Egypt  elections  Elias_Norbert  Eliot_George  Eliot_TS  elites  elites-political_influence  elites-self-destructive  elite_culture  Elizabeth  Elizabethan  eloquence  embeddedness  embryology  emergence  emerging_markets  Emerson  EMH  emigration  emotions  empathy  Empedocles  empire-and_business  empires  empiricism  employee_benefits  employers  emulation  enclosure  encyclopedia  Encyclopédie  energy  energy-intensity  energy-markets  energy-transition  enforcement  engineering  England  English_Channel  English_Civil_War  English_constitution  English_lit  English_School  enlightened_absolutism  Enlightenment  Enlightenment-American  Enlightenment-conservative  Enlightenment-ongoing  Enlightenment_Project  enthusiasm  entrepreneurs  entrepôts  entre_deux_guerres  environment  epic  Epictetus  Epicurean  epigenetics  epigrammes  epiphenomenal  epistemic_closure  epistemic_virtue  epistemology  epistemology-history  epistemology-moral  epistemology-naturalism  epistemology-social  epistolary  equality  equi  equilibrium  equity  Erasmus  Erastianism  eschatology  eScholarship  esotericism  espionage  Essay_on_Man  essence  essentialism  Essex_rebellion  establishment_clause  estate_tax  esthetes  etext  etexts  ethics  ethnic_groups  ethnic_ID  ethnography  etymology  EU  EU-elections  EU-fiscal_policy  EU-Parliament  EU-parties  EU-regulation  eudaimonia  eulogies  Eurocentrism  Eurocrsis  Europe  Europe-19thC  Europe-Early_Modern  Europe-federalism  Europe-Medieval  European_integration  Eurozone  eusociality  EU_governance  Evangelical  Evelyn  event  Evernote  evidence  evil  evo-psych-politics  evolution  evolution-as-model  evolution-group_selection  evolution-social  evolutionary_biology  evo_psych  exceptionalism  excise  Excise_Crisis  exclusion  exclusion-economic  Exclusion_Crisis  excommunication  executive  executive_compensation  exec_branch  exempla  exiles  existentialism  exit-voice-loyalty  Exodus  exotic  experience  experimental_philosophy  expertise  explanation  exploration  export-led  exports  externalities  extrapolation  extremism  fable  fact-value  faction  facts  faculties  failed_states  fairness  faith  Fall  fallibility  falsification  fame  family  family_law  fanatics  Fannie_Mae  fascism  fashion  fast_mapping  fate  FDI  fear  Fed  federalism  Federalist  federal_preemption  femininity  feminism  feminist_economics  Fenelon  fertility  feudalism  Feyerabend  Fichte  Ficino  fiction  fiction-cognition  fideism  fiduciaries  fiduciary  Fielding  fields  Filmer  Fin-de-Siècle  finance-cost  finance_capital  financialization  financial_access  financial_crisis  financial_economics  financial_innovation  financial_instiutions  financial_regulation  financial_repression  financial_sector_development  financial_system  financial_system-government_back-stop  find  find17thC  Finnis  firesales  firms-organization  firms-structure  firms-theory  fiscal-military_state  fiscal_policy  fiscal_space  Flaubert  Fleury  flight-to-quality  flood  Florence  flourishing  folk_psychology  Fontenelle  foreign_policy  foreign_trade  forgiveness  form-poetic  form-theory  formalism-legal  formal_economy  forms  fortune  forum  Foucault  foundationalism  Founders  Fox_Charles_James  Fox_Henry  framing_effects  France  franchise  Frankfurt_School  Franklin_Ben  François_I  fraud  Frederick_Prince_of_Wales  Frederick_the_Great  free-riding  free-thinkers  freedom  freedom_of_conscience  freedom_of_contract  freedom_of_movement  Freemasonry  free_speech  free_trade  free_will  Frege  French_army  French_Empire  French_Enlightenment  French_foreign_policy  French_government  French_history  French_intellectuals  French_language  French_lit  French_moralists  French_Navy  French_politics  French_Revolution  French_Revolution-impact  French_Revolutionary_Wars  Freud  Friedman_Milton  friendship  Fronde  FSU  Fuller  functions  fundamentalism  fundamentals  FX  FX-misalignment  FX-rate_management  Gadamer  Gaelic  Galbraith_JK  Galbraith_John_Kenneth  Galen  Galileo  Gallican  game_theory  gardens  Gassendi  Gaus_Gerald  Gay  GDP  GDP-alternatives  GDP-per_capita  gender  gender-and-religion  gender_gap  gender_history  gender_relations  gene-culture_coevolution  genealogy  genealogy-method  general_will  generation  Genesis  genetics  Geneva  genius  genocide  genre  gentleman  gentry  geography  geography-and-economics  geohistory  geology  geopolitics  George_Henry  George_I  George_II  George_III  Germany  Germany-Eurozone  German_historical_school  German_Idealism  German_lit  German_scholars  German_scholarship  German_theologians  gerrymandering  Geuss  Gibbon  gift  gin_craze  globalization  global_economy  global_governance  global_history  global_imbalance  global_system  global_value_chains  Glorious_Revolution  glory  gnostic  Gnosticism  God-attributes  God-existence  God-knowledge_of  God-vengeful  godly_persons  gods-antiquity  Godwin_Wm  Goethe  gold_standard  good  good_government  GOP  Gothic  Gothic-fiction  Gothic_constitution  Goths  Gournay  governance  governance-participation  governing_class  government-data  government-forms  government-public_communication  government-roles  governmentality  government_agencies  government_finance  government_officials  grace  Gramsci  Grand_Tour  graphs  grassroots  Grear_Powers  Great_Chain_of_Being  Great_Depression  Great_Divergence  Great_Recession  Greece  Greece-Troika  Greek_lit  green_finance  Grey_Lord  Grotius  groups-cognition  groups-cohesion  groups-conflict  groups-exclusion  groups-identity  groups-social_capital  Grub_Street  GSEs  guerrillas  Guicciardini  Guiccidarini  guilds  guilt  Gulliver  gunpowder  GWOT  habeas_corpus  Habermas  habit  Habsburgs  Hadot_Pierre  Hamann  Hamilton  Hanover-Britain_relations  Hanoverian_Succession  happiness  Harley  Harrington  Hart  Hartlib_Circle  Harvey  haute_bourgeoisie  Hayek  Haywood  Hazlitt_William  health  health_care  Hebrew_commonwealth  hedonistic  Hegel  Hegel-philosophy_of_right  Hegelian  hegemony  Heidegger  Heilbroner  Hellenism  Hellenophiles  Hempel  Henri_II  Henri_IV  Henry_VIII  Heraclitus  Herder  heritable_jurisdictions  hermeneutics  hermeneutics_of_suspicion  Hermes_Trismegistus  hermeticism  heroes  Hervey  heterodoxy  heterodox_economics  heterosexuality  heuristics  hierarchy  Highlands-Scotland  High_Church  high_culture  historians  historians-and-politics  historians-and-religion  historians-and-state  historical_change  historical_sociology  historicism  historiography  historiography-17thC  historiography-18thC  historiography-19thC  historiography-20thC  historiography-antiquity  historiography-postWWII  historiography-Progressive  historiography-Renaissance  historiography-Whig  history  history-and-social_sciences  history-as_experiment  history_as_examples  history_of_book  history_of_England  history_of_philosophy  history_of_science  Hobbes  Hogarth  holism  Holocaust  Holy_Roman_Empire  Homer  homosexuality  homo_economicus  honnête  honor  Hooke  hope  Horace  houses  House_of_Commons  House_of_Lords  housing  HRE  hubris  Hugo  Huguenots  humanism  humanitarian  humanities  humanities-finance  human_capital  human_condition  human_nature  human_rights  Hume  Hume-aesthetics  Hume-causation  Hume-ethics  Hume-historian  Hume-politics  Hume-religion  humours  Hundred_Years_War  Husserl  Hutcheson  Huygens  hylomorphism  hypocrisy  hypothesis  hysterisis  iconoclasm  iconography  idealism  idealism-transcendental  ideal_theory  ideas-social_theory  ideas-theories  identity  identity-institutions  identity-multiple  identity_politics  Ideologues-French  ideology  idolatry  IFIs  images  images-political  imagination  imagined_communities  imago_dei  IMF  imitation  immanence  immigration  immorality  immortality  impartiality  impeachment  imperialism  imperial_overreach  imports  improvement  incentives  incentives-distortions  inclusion  incommensurability  increasing_returns  indentured_labor  independence  Independents  indeterminacy  india  India-British_Empire  Indian_Ocean  Indian_religion  indigenous_peoples  individualism  individualism-methodology  individuation  Indo-European  induction  industrialization  industrial_policy  Industrial_Revolution  industriousness  industry  inequality  inequality-opportunity  inequality-wealth  inference  infinity  inflation  influence  influence-art  influence-IR  influence-literary  informal_economy  informal_sectors  information  information-asymmetric  information-markets  infrastructure  inheritance  innate_ideas  Innovation  innovation-government_policy  insolvency  Instapaper  institution-building  institutionalization  institutional_capacity  institutional_change  institutional_economics  institutional_investors  institutions  instrumentalist  instruments  insurance  integrity  intellectual_freedom  intellectual_history  intellectual_history-distorted  intellectual_property  intelligentsia  intelligent_design  intentionality  intentionality-collective  interest-discourse  interest_groups  interest_rates  interiors  intermediation  international_crisis  international_economics  international_finance  international_law  international_monetary_system  international_organizations  international_political_economy  international_society  international_system  Internet  interpretivism  Interregnum  intertextual  intervention  intuitionism  intuitions  investment  investment-government  investment-socially_responsible  investors  investor_protection  invisible_hand  IP  IP-global_governance  IR  IR-domestic_politics  ir-history  IR-liberalism  IR-realism  Iran  Ireland  Ireland-English_exploitation  Irish_migration  Irish_Parliament  Irish_Rebellion  irony  irrational  irrationalism  IR_theory  is-ought  Islam  Islam-Greek_philosophy  Islamic_civilization  Islamic_empires  Islamic_philosoohy  Israel  IT  Italian_influence  Italian_lit  Italian_Renaissance  Italian_Wars  Italy  Jacobi  Jacobins  Jacobite-Ireland  Jacobites  Jacobs_Jane  James  James_Henry  James_I  James_II  James_III  James_William  Jansenists  Jefferson  Jeffersonians  Jeffrey_Francis  Jesuits  Jewish_philosophy  Jews  Job  Johnson  Jonas_Hans  journal  journalism  journals-academic  js  jstor  Judaism  juddgment-moral  judgment-aesthetics  judgment-emotions  judgment-political  judicial_review  judiciary  July_Monarchy  jurisprudence  justice  justification  Justus_Lipsius  just_war  Kabbalah  Kames  Kant  Kant-aesthetics  Kant-ethics  Kant-politics  Keats  Kelsen  Kepler  Keynes  Keynes-uncertainty  Keynesian  Keynesianism  keywords  Kierkegaard  kindle  Kindleberger  kinds  kingship  kinship  Kirk  Knight  know-how  knowledge  knowledge_economy  knowledge_workers  Korea  Koselleck  Kuhn  labor  labor-service_sector  labor_force_structure  labor_history  labor_law  Labor_markets  labor_share  labor_standards  labor_theory_of_value  laisser-faire  laity  Laktos  landed_interest  landowners  landowners-Ireland-Anglo_elite  land_tax  Lange  language  language-bad_metaphysics  language-history  language-national  language-politics  language_games  late_antiquity  latin  Latin_America  Latin_lit  latitudinarian  Latour  Laud  Laudian  law-and-economics  law-and-finance  law-and-religion  laws  laws_of_nature  law_enforcement  Law_John  law_of_armed_conflict  law_of_the_sea  La_Mothe_le_Vayer  La_Rochefoucauld  laïcité  LDCs  leaders  learned_societies  learning  Leavis  left-wing  Leftist  legal_culture  legal_history  legal_realism  legal_reasoning  legal_reform  legal_remedies  legal_system  legal_theory  legal_validity  legislation  legislature  legitimacy  legitimacy-international  Leibniz  leisure  lender-of-last-resort  Lessing  lessons-of-history  Levellers  levels_of_analyis  leverage  liability  libel  liberalism  liberalism-post-WWII  liberalism-public_reason  liberalism-republicanism_debates  liberal_arts  liberal_democracy  libertarianism  libertine  libertine_erudite  liberty  liberty-negative  liberty-positive  LIBOR  libraries  lifestyle  life_expectancy  limited_government  limited_liability  limited_monarchy  Lincoln  lineage  linguistics  linguistic_turn  links  Linnaeus  liquidity  literacy  literary  literary_history  literary_journals  literary_language  literary_theory  literature-and-morality  litigation  liturgy  lit_crit  lit_survey  living_standards  Livy  lobbying  local_government  local_politics  Locke  Locke-1st_Treatise  Locke-2_Treatises  Locke-education  Locke-Essay  Locke-person  Locke-religion  logic  logic-Dewey  logic-Hegelian  Logical_Positivism  London  long-term  Longinus  Louis_XIV  Louis_XV  Louis_XVI  love  Lovejoy  lower_orders  Lowland-Scotland  Loyalists  Lucretius  Luhmann  Lunar_Society  Luther  Lutherans  luxury  luxury_goods  M&A  Maastricht  Mabillon  Mably  Macaulay  Machiavelli  MacIntyre  macro-microcosm  macroeconomics  macroeconomic_policy  macroprudential_policies  macroprudential_regulation  Madison  madness  magazines  magic  Maimonides  majoritarian  Malebranche  Mallet  Malthus  Malthusian  Mamluks  man-of-feeling  management  management_fees  managerialism  Mandeville  Manifest_Destiny  manners  manufacturing  manuscripts  maps  Marcus_Aurelius  marginalists  marginalized_groups  maritime_history  maritime_powers  marketing  markets  markets-dependence_on_government  markets-failure  markets-psychology  markets-structure  markets_in_everything  market_failure  market_fundamentalism  market_integration  market_manipulation  Marlborough  Marlborough_Duchess  Marlowe  marriage  marriage-age  Marshall  martyrs  Marvell  Marx  Marxism  Marxist  masculinity  Masham_Lady  masques  masses-fear_of  mass_culture  materialism  mathematics  mathematization  Mathusian_checks  mating  matriarchy  Mazarin  McDowell  Mead  meaning  means-justify-ends  mechanism  mechanisms-social_theory  media  medicine  medieval  medieval_history  medieval_philosophy  meditation  Mediterranean  Melanchthon  Melaçon  memoirs  memory  memory-group  memory_studies  mena  Mendelssohn  mental_health  mercantilism  mercenaires  merchants  meritocracy  mesolevel  metaethics  metaphilosophy  metaphor  metaphor-political  metaphysics  metatheory  metempsychosis  meter  Methodenstreit  methodological_individualism  methodology  methodology-qualitative  methodology-quantitative  metre  micro-enterprises  microeconomics  microfinance  microfoundations  microhistory  microscope  middle-class  Middleton_Conyers  middle_class  migration  Milan  militarism  militarization-society  military-industrial_complex  military_history  military_technology  militia  Mill  millennarian  Milton  mind  mind-body  mind-theory_of  minorities  Minsky  miracles  mirroring  mirror_for_princes  misanthropy  Mises  misogyny  missionaries  mission_civilatice  Mississippi_Company  Mitterand  mixed_government  MNCs  mobility  mock-heroic  modality  modal_logic  modelling  moderation  Modernism  modernity  modernity-emergence  modernization  modernization_theory  molecular_biology  Molyneux  Momigliano  monarchical_republic  monarchists  monarchy  monarchy-proprietary  monetarism  monetary_policy  monetary_theory  monetary_union  money  money_market  money_supply  money_velocity  monied_interest  monism  monopolies  monotheism  monstrosity  Montagu_Lady_Mary  Montaigne  Montesquieu  morality  morality-Christian  morality-conventional  morality-critics  morality-divine_command  morality-innate  morality-Nietzche  morality-objective  moral_economy  moral_philosophy  moral_psychology  moral_reform  moral_sentiments  More_Hannah  More_Henry  Morris_Gouverneur  Moses  mothers  motion  motivation  movements-political  movement_patterns  movie_crit  Mughals  multi-agent_models  multiculturalism  multilateralism  museums  music_history  mystery_religions  mysticism  myth  Napoleon  Napoleonic_Empire  Napoleonic_Wars  Napoleonic_Wars-impact  Napoleon_III  narrative  narrative-contested  nation-state  nationalism  national_ID  national_interest  national_origins  national_tale  Native_Americans  naturalism  natural_history  natural_kinds  natural_law  natural_philosophy  natural_religion  natural_rights  natural_selection  nature  nature-mastery  nature-poetry  nature_worship  naval_history  Navigation_Acts  Nazis  NBFI  necessity  Nedham  neo-colonialism  neo-Hegelian  neo-imperialism  neo-Kantian  neo-Latin  neo-republicanism  neo-Roman  neoclassical  neoclassical_economics  neoconservatism  neoliberalism  Neoplatonism  Neostoicism  Netherlands  networks  networks-architecture  networks-business  networks-exchange  networks-information  networks-literary  networks-policy  networks-political  networks-religious  networks-social  neuro-endocrine_system  neurogenesis  neuroscience  neutrality  Newcastle_Duke_of  Newman_JH  newspapers  Newton  Newtonian  New_England  new_historicism  new_institutionalism  New_Left  New_Model_Army  New_Testament  New_Zealand  niche_construction  Nietzsche  nihilism  Nine_Years_War  nobility  noble_savage  nominalism  non-contradiction  non-domination  non-state_actors