dunnettreader + russia   45

Unipolar Strategy in a Multipolar World
by Paul R. Pillar Vladimir Putin’s video show about formidable new Russian strategic weapons, which took up half of the Russian president’s recent…
US_foreign_policy  Russia  Russia-foreign_policy  multipolar  global_system  IR  military  from instapaper
march 2018 by dunnettreader
The Story of Stone, Manafort and Donald Trump
At age 19 or 20, Roger Stone, who was then an employee of Nixon’s Committee to Re-Elect the President (CREEP), was the youngest person to testify before the…
GOP  Nixon  ratf$&kers  elections  elections-2016  Ukraine  Russia  Trump-Russia  from instapaper
march 2018 by dunnettreader
Manafort, The Cinematic Arc of History And The Wildest Coincidence
I mentioned last week that a cluster of new revelations had given us a fresh and deeper view of Paul Manafort’s dire financial straits and desperate personal…
Ukraine  Russia  Trump-Russia  elections-2016  money-laundering  from instapaper
march 2018 by dunnettreader
The US joins the Turkey-PKK fight in northern Syria - International Crisis Group - June 2017
Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) members man a checkpoint near the Kurdish town of Efrin, in Syria, on 27 November 2014. REUTERS/Abdalrhman Ismail Report…
Trump_foreign_policy  US_foreign_policy  Syria  Iraq  Iran  ISIS  Russia  Turkey  US_military  Kurds  from instapaper
june 2017 by dunnettreader
Andrew Roberts - We'd Be Better Off If Napoleon Hadn't Lost Waterloo | Smithsonian
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/we-better-off-napoleon-never-lost-waterloo-180955298/ -- as Napoleon's biographer, he totally buys that N had returned from Elba as committed peace-lover -- and hadn't been the aggressor after the demise of the Peace of Amiens -- the only "exception" (invasion of Russia) wasn't really an exception, since Russia reneged on the trading commitments it had made to Napoleon in Treaty of Tilsit -- though he's certainly correct on how unpopular the Bourbons and their returning baggage were pre the 100 Days -- He leaves out any discussion of the Brits (other than Waterloo itself) except to claim France had ceased to be a threat once the French Navy had been routed by Nelson, freeing the Brits to set about building their second Empire without having to worry about the French -- those cross-Channel invasion forces Napoleon built up, the economic blockades etc were apparently no cause for occasional alarm
ir-history  Napoleonic_Wars  Napoleon  British_Empire  British_foreign_policy  British_Navy  French_Navy  French_army  Austro-Hungarian_Empire  Austria  Prussia  Russia  from instapaper
august 2016 by dunnettreader
Olivier Blanchard & Michael Kremer - Disorganization - Quarterly Journal of Economics (1997)
Under central planning, many firms relied on a single supplier for critical inputs. Transition has led to decentralized bargaining between suppliers and buyers. Under incomplete contracts or asymmetric information, bargaining may inefficiently break down, and if chains of production link many specialized producers, output will decline sharply. Mechanisms that mitigate these problems in the West, such as reputation, can only play a limited role in transition. The empirical evidence suggests that output has fallen farthest for the goods with the most complex production process, and that disorganization has been more important in the former Soviet Union than in Central Europe. - downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
trust  Russia  information-asymmetric  20thC  privatization  industrialization  reputation  Eastern_Europe  risk_management  article  Central_Asia  economic_history  information-markets  transition_economies  supply_chains  manufacturing  downloaded  post-Cold_War 
august 2016 by dunnettreader
Porter and Teisch eds. - The Enlightenment in National Context (1981) | Cambridge University Press
Table of Contents

1. The Enlightenment in England Roy Porter
2. The Scottish Enlightenment Nicholas Phillipson
3. The Enlightenment in France Norman Hampson
4. The Enlightenment in the Netherlands Simon Schama
5. The Enlightenment in Switzerland Samuel S. B. Taylor
6. The Italian Enlightenment Owen Chadwick
7. The Protestant Enlightenment in Germany Joachim Whaley
8. The Enlightenment in Catholic Germany T. C. W. Blanning
9. Reform Catholicism and political radicalism in the Austrian Enlightenment Ernst Wangermann
10. Bohemia: from darkness into light Mikuláš Teich
11. The Enlightenment in Sweden Tore Frängsmyr
12. The Russian Enlightenment Paul Dukes
13. Enlightenment and the politics of American nature J. R. Pole
Afterword Mikuláš Teich
Excerpt 10 pgs of Porter re England - downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
Italy  England  Sweden  Austria  Germany  Counter-Enlightenment  Protestants  Radical_Enlightenment  church_history  Protestant_International  cultural_history  Scottish_Enlightenment  reform-political  political_culture  Counter-Reformation  downloaded  French_Enlightenment  Russia  Papacy  British_history  Dutch  18thC  Roman_Catholicism  books  Enlightenment  Prussia  intellectual_history 
may 2016 by dunnettreader
The Slavonic Tongue Is One | Language Hat
I’ve been reading Simon Franklin’s Writing, Society and Culture in Early Rus, c.950-1300, and I found the following passage so sensible and interesting I…
Instapaper  language-history  language-politics  language-national  medieval_history  Russia  Ukraine  from instapaper
january 2016 by dunnettreader
Eurozine - Where is the power? - Wojciech Przybylski, Bartlomiej Sienkiewicz A conversation with Bartlomiej Sienkiewicz - July 2015
Original in Polish -- Translation by Aleksandra Malecka
First published in Res Publica, Nowa 30 (2015) -- In Europe all political thought is imperialist, says Bartlomiej Sienkiewicz. This means that politics as we know it today incorporates the experience of imperial politics from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century, when the foundations of what we call "the political" were forged. -- downloaded pdf to Note
geopolitics  Europe  Europe-Early_Modern  empires  state-building  nation-state  national_interest  EU  EU_governance  imperial-soft  Germany  Germany-Eurozone  Russia  Russian_foreign_policy  Poland  16thC  17thC  18thC  19thC  20thC  21stC  post-WWII  post-Cold_War  empire-and_business  globalization  sovereignty  hierarchy  authority  public_policy  policymaking  public_opinion  political_culture  downloaded 
july 2015 by dunnettreader
Reinier Kraakman, Bernard S. Black - A Self Enforcing Model of Corporate Law :: SSRN - Harvard Law Review, vol. 109, pp. 1911-1982, 1996
This paper develops a "self-enforcing" approach to drafting corporate law for emerging capitalist economies, based on a case study: a model statute that we helped to develop for the Russian Federation, which formed the basis for the recently adopted Russian law on joint-stock companies. The paper describes the contextual features of emerging economies that make importing statutes from developed countries inappropriate, including the prevalence of controlled companies and the weakness of institutional, market, cultural, and legal constraints. Against this backdrop, we argue that the best legal strategy for protecting outside investors in emerging economies while simultaneously preserving the discretion of companies to invest is a self-enforcing model of corporate law. The self-enforcing model structures decisionmaking processes to allow large outside shareholders to protect themselves from insider opportunism with minimal resort to legal authority, including the courts. Among the examples of self-regulatory statutory provisions are a mandatory cumulative voting rule for the selection of directors, which assures that minority blockholders in controlled companies have board representation, and dual shareholder- and board-level approval procedures for self-interested transactions. The paper also examines how one can induce voluntary compliance and structure remedies in emerging economies, as well as the implications of the self-enforcing model for the ongoing debate over the efficiency of corporate law in developed economies. -- PDF File: 73 -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  SSRN  corporate_law  corporate_governance  investor_protection  investors  capital_markets  emerging_markets  transition_economies  Russia  privatization  downloaded 
july 2015 by dunnettreader
Bernard S. Black, Reinier Kraakman, Anna Tarassova - Russian Privatization and Corporate Governance: What Went Wrong? :: SSRN - Stanford Law Review, Vol. 52, pp. 1731-1808, 2000
Bernard S. Black, Northwestern School of Law & Kellogg School of Management; European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI); Reinier Kraakman, Harvard Law School, ECGI; Anna Tarassova, U of Maryland, Center on Institutional Reform and the Informal Sector (IRIS) -- In Russia and elsewhere, proponents of rapid, mass privatization of state-owned enterprises (ourselves among them) hoped that the profit incentives unleashed by privatization would soon revive faltering, centrally planned economies. The revival didn't happen. We offer here some partial explanations. First, rapid mass privatization is likely to lead to massive self-dealing by managers and controlling shareholders unless (implausibly in the initial transition from central planning to markets) a country has a good infrastructure for controlling self-dealing. Russia accelerated the self-dealing process by selling control of its largest enterprises cheaply to crooks, who transferred their skimming talents to the enterprises they acquired, and used their wealth to further corrupt the government and block reforms that might constrain their actions. Second, profit incentives to restructure privatized businesses and create new ones can be swamped by the burden on business imposed by a combination of (among other things) a punitive tax system, official corruption, organized crime, and an unfriendly bureaucracy. Third, while self-dealing will still occur (though perhaps to a lesser extent) if state enterprises aren't privatized, since self-dealing accompanies privatization, it politically discredits privatization as a reform strategy and can undercut longer-term reforms. A principal lesson: developing the institutions to control self-dealing is central to successful privatization of large firms. -- PDF File: 79 -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  SSRN  Russia  privatization  Russian_economy  corporate_governance  corporate_law  corporate_finance  corporate_control  corruption  asset_stripping  downloaded 
july 2015 by dunnettreader
Michael Schaich, ed. - Monarchy and Religion: The Transformation of Royal Culture in 18thC Europe (2007) - Oxford University Press
OUP/German Historical Institute London Studies of the German Historical Institute London -- 509 pages | 978-0-19-921472-3 | Hardback | This collection of essays is a pioneering survey of the spiritual dimensions of kingship in 18thC Europe. It investigates the role of clergymen in the mechanics of the court, the religious observances of monarchs and their entourages, and the importance of religious images and ceremonial in underpinning royal power. The volume compares the British, French, Russian, and some of the German monarchies in order to allow comparisons to be drawn between different national and especially confessional settings. Based on original research and new source material, the 15 essays by established scholars chart mostly unknown territory. Previous research on the subject has focused on the 16thC and 17thC at the expense of the age of Enlightenment which has widely been regarded as a period of desacralization of monarchy. The essays open up new perspectives on the function of court clerics, conspicuous and internalized forms of aulic devotion, the gendered framing of religion, the purpose of court ritual, and the divide between the public and private spheres of monarchy. Overall the essays maintain that despite the gradual decline of monarchy by divine right, religion still permeated almost all aspects of court life and monarchical representation. The volume thus challenges received wisdom about the disenchantment of kingship and the rise of more rationalized forms of absolutist government during the period between c.1688 and 1789. -- surprise, surprise, leads off with an "ancien régime" essay by JCD Clark
books  cultural_history  religious_history  political_history  political_culture  politics-and-religion  17thC  18thC  Enlightenment  Ancien_régime  secularization  monarchy  monarchy-proprietary  Absolutism  divine_right  court_culture  authority  cultural_authority  cultural_change  gender  religion-established  gender-and-religion  British_history  Glorious_Revolution  Jacobites  courtiers  Jacobite_court  propaganda  art_history  patronage-artistic  William_III  Queen_Anne  Hanoverian_Succession  George_I  George_II  George_III  royal_families  société_des_princes  kingship  Louis_XIV  Louis_XV  Louis_XVI  France  Russia  Holy_Roman_Empire  Catherine_the_Great  Prussia  Frederick_the_Great  Germany  Austria  Spain  ritual 
april 2015 by dunnettreader
Dan Edelstein, ed. - The Super-Enlightenment: Daring to Know Too Much | Voltaire Foundation -Jan 2010
Historians of 18thC thought have implied a clear distinction between mystical or occult writing, often termed ‘illuminist’, and better-known forms of Enlightenment thinking and culture. But where are the boundaries of ‘enlightened’ human understanding? (..the.) contributors (..) put forward a completely new way of configuring these seemingly antithetical currents of thought, and identify a grey area that binds the two, a ‘Super-Enlightenment’. (..) exploring the social, religious, artistic, political and scientific dimensions of the Super-Enlightenment, contributors demonstrate the co-existence of apparent opposites: the enlightened and the esoteric, empiricism and imagination, history and myth, the secretive and the public, mysticism and science. The Enlightenment can no longer be seen as a sturdy, homogeneous movement defined by certain core beliefs, but one which oscillates between opposing poles in its social practices, historiography and even its epistemology: between daring to know, and daring to know too much. ** Dan Edelstein, Introduction to the Super-Enlightenment -- I. What limits of understanding? ** Peter Reill, The hermetic imagination in the high and late Enlightenment ** David Bates, Super-epistemology ** Jessica Riskin, Mr Machine and the imperial me -- II. The arts of knowing ** Liana Vardi, Physiocratic visions ** Anthony Vidler, For the love of architecture: Claude-Nicolas Ledoux and the Hypnerotomachia ** Fabienne Moore, The poetry of the Super-Enlightenment: the theories and practices of Cazotte, Chassaignon, Mercier, Saint-Martin and Bonneville -- III. Sacred societies ** Natalie Bayer, What do you seek from us? Wisdom? Virtue? Enlightenment? Inventing a Masonic science of man in Russia ** Kris Pangburn, Bonnet’s theory of palingenesis: an ‘Enlightened’ account of personal resurrection? ** Dan Edelstein, The Egyptian French Revolution: antiquarianism, Freemasonry and the mythology of nature ** Tili Boon Cuillé, From myth to religion in Ossian’s France
books  intellectual_history  cultural_history  18thC  Enlightenment  French_Enlightenment  hermeticism  Freemasonry  antiquaries  epistemology  ancient_religions  ancient_Egypt  occult  immortality  myth  religion  comparative_religion  French_lit  poetics  Russia  Physiocrats  laws_of_nature  La_Mettrie  noble_savage  national_origins  antiquity  historiography-18thC 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
Merkel attacks wave of rightwing populism - FT.com Jan 2015
In a hard-hitting new year broadcast, Europe’s most powerful leader led the charge against Europe’s far-right parties, slamming the organisers of recent anti-Islam protests in Germany as having hearts “often full of prejudice, and even hate”. - also tough words for Putin, calling for EU cohesion against Russian aggression - bragging re her government's accomplishments & upbeat re Getmany's domestic situation, she's cashing in that credibility to go after the real threat, which is tight-wing extremism, leading up to ehat will be fifficult negotiations with the Greek left
EU  Eurozone  Germany  Merkel  right-wing  immigration  refugees  Russia  Ukraine  Greece  austerity  sovereign_debt 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
Joshua Landis - Syria Year-End Predictions and Analysis – (28 December 2014)
Syria will become increasingly fragmented in 2015. The Somalia-ization of the country is inevitable so long as the international community degrades all centers of power in Syria and the opposition fails to unite.
islamist  diplomacy  syria  turkey  us_military  russia  us_foreign_policy  iran  military  global  governance  iraq  un  oil  price  obama  admin  failed  states  mena  civil  wars  congress  Pocket 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
Has Germany sidelined Poland in Ukraine crisis negotiations? | European Council on Foreign Relations - August 2014
The outcome of this effort, unfortunately, has been frustrating: Moscow is not prepared to compromise but instead still wants its demands met. It is holding out for preserving its grip on Ukraine, whether by “freezing” the conflict in East Ukraine or by enforcing concessions from Kyiv in the form of the federalisation of Ukraine. Federalisation would enable Moscow, through its proxies in East Ukraine, to exercise influence over the internal affairs of the Ukrainian state. Up until recently, fears that Germany would push for federalisation on Russian terms seemed justified. -- However, it now looks less likely that Germany wants to engineer such a compromise. The message of Merkel’s late August visit to Kyiv was that any resolution to the conflict would have to respect Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. Berlin is signalling that there will be no return to “business as usual” with Moscow before a sustainable solution to the crisis has been found. Most importantly, Polish diplomatic sources confirm that there is no indication that Berlin is twisting Ukrainian arms to convince them to accept Russia’s condition of federalisation in exchange for a ceasefire. It seems that even Berlin has given up the idea that federalisation on Russian terms would be a viable or desirable option.
Ukraine  Russia  Russia-near_abroad  EU  EU-foreign_policy  Poland  Germany  diplomacy 
august 2014 by dunnettreader
Protecting the European Choice -EU's Eastern Partnership and Russian challenges - 4 case studies | European Council on Foreign Relations
Europe’s Eastern Partnership has developed into crisis management and the EU must develop a new strategy towards Russia and the periphery, according to this new series of essays. As tensions around Russia continue to grow following the shooting down of a Malaysian civilian airliner, Ukraine and its fellow Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries are increasingly exposed in areas from energy to security. The editor of the series of case studies on Ukraine, Armenia, Georgia and Moldova, ECFR senior policy fellow Andrew Wilson, argues that European Union policy towards the Eastern Partnership is “proceeding on auto pilot” and that it needs to do “more than simply protect the status quo if it is serious about maintaining the Eastern Partnership”. Wilson warns that the EU will “have to be committed to spending a lot of blood and treasure to protect countries at the sharp end of Russian pressure.” All four case studies show that Russian pressure, for all its strength and breadth, is often self-defeating and they recommend three elements which the EU should adopt in its new strategy towards Russia and the periphery: ** The EU needs to prioritise “state building” in EaP countries which lack democracy and human rights. Security must come before strengthening their economies. ** Because of the serious weaknesses of the states involved, the EU needs to develop an instrument to help the Eastern Partnership countries deal with the new types of pressure that Russia will continue to apply. ** The EU needs a vision of how to engage with Russia in a new security framework.
etexts  Europe  EU  Eastern_Europe  Russia  NATO  state-building  Russia-near_abroad 
august 2014 by dunnettreader
Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World, by the Gale Group, Inc. | Answers.com
The history of Europe from the mid-15th century until the French Revolution. Includes notable events such as wars and revolutions as well as broader processes like the Renaissance and the Enlightenment; biographical information on leading figures; individual national histories; and meaningful developments in the arts, religion, politics, exploration and warfare.
books  etexts  reference  Europe-Early_Modern  Renaissance  exploration  colonialism  16thC  17thC  18thC  British_history  British_politics  Atlantic  American_colonies  France  Germany  Italy  Spain  Spanish_Empire  British_Empire  Dutch  Dutch_Revolt  Reformation  Counter-Reformation  Netherlands  Holy_Roman_Empire  Austria  Denmark  Sweden  Russia  Poland  Ottomans  commerce  intellectual_history  Scientific_Revolution  Enlightenment  Scottish_Enlightenment  French_Enlightenment  Absolutism  Thirty_Years_War  Wars_of_Religion  Louis_XIV  military_history  political_culture  political_history  politics-and-religion  art_history  religious_history 
august 2014 by dunnettreader
Pauk Pillar - Putin's Instructive Speech | The National Interest Blog March 2014
On annexation of Crimea, Putin explains the counterproductive effects of "American exceptionalism" especially the Bush II version of ignoring international rules and organizations via "you're with us or against us", coalitions of the "willing" and preventive war doctrines.
US_foreign_policy  Bush_administration  UN  NATO  Russia  post-Cold_War  Eastern_Europe 
march 2014 by dunnettreader
Stephan Lehne - Time to Reset the European Neighborhood Policy | Carnegie Europe Feb 2014
Through its European Neighborhood Policy (ENP), the European Union (EU) aims to support the structural transformation of its Eastern and Southern neighbors, promoting democracy, the rule of law, and successful market economies. Ten years after the ENP’s launch, it is clear that the policy is not working. Adjusting the ENP to the changing reality on the ground, sharpening its tools, and rebuilding its credibility should be a top priority for the EU’s foreign policy leadership.
Europe  EU  EU_governance  balance_of_power  geopolitics  Russia  MENA  Eastern_Europe  IR 
march 2014 by dunnettreader
Nikolas Gdosev - Commentary: Ukraine and the Failure of Strategic Ambiguity | The National Interest
Strategic ambiguity was designed to square three very different circles. The first was how to reassure countries newly freed from the Soviet yoke that, as Russian power resurged, they would not find themselves under threat from Moscow. The unhappy experience of the three Baltic States--which enjoyed twenty years of independence between the two World Wars only to be incorporated into the Soviet Union--drove efforts to seek binding security guarantees from the Western powers. The second was how to avoid complicating U.S. (and European) relations with a Russia that might, under the right circumstances, become a true partner to and even member of the Euro-Atlantic world. The final and perhaps most decisive consideration was to avoid taking on burdensome new obligations or political costs.
US_foreign_policy  Europe  EU  Russia  NATO  geopolitics 
march 2014 by dunnettreader
Giorgos Antoniou - The Lost Atlantis of Objectivity: The Revisionist Struggles between the Academic and Public Spheres | JSTOR: History and Theory, Vol. 46, No. 4 (Dec., 2007), pp. 92-112
This article examines the theoretical and methodological implications of the revisionist debates. It focuses on the political, academic, and moral dimensions of the process of rewriting history and its interrelation with the public sphere. The article examines the recent debate in Greece and compares it with case studies of Germany, Spain, Israel, the Soviet Union, and Ireland. It comments on the common elements of these cases and proposes a basic typology of the revisionist debates in terms of similarities and differences. It categorizes the revisionist endeavors into three types: the successful, the failed, and the bewildered.
article  jstor  historiography  revisionism  politics-and-history  Germany  fascism  Spain  Israel  Ireland  Greece  Russia  post-Cold_War  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
Michael Slezak: Fall of USSR locked up world's largest store of carbon - environment - 02 October 2013 - New Scientist
The fall of the Soviet Union created the largest ever human-made carbon sink – abandoned farmland.

In 1991, the USSR formally split into separate republics. The subsequent collapse of industry reduced the amount of greenhouse gas emissions Russia produced – helping it to easily meet the climate targets set by the Kyoto protocol.

But as well as cutting emissions, the fall had another effect. The privatisation of land led to one of the biggest land-use changes of the 20th century. Huge tracts of farmland were abandoned when the collectivised farming system introduced by Stalin collapsed, and farmers simply left the land and headed for the cities.

Ever since, plants have been reclaiming the land and locking in carbon as they grow.
20thC  21stC  Russia  Russian_economy  agriculture  post-Cold_War  transition_economies  climate  energy 
october 2013 by dunnettreader
Carbon cost of collective farming collapse in Russia - Kurganova - Global Change Biology - Wiley Online Library
The collapse of collective farming in Russia after 1990 and the subsequent economic crisis led to the abandonment of more than 45 million ha of arable lands (23% of the agricultural area). This was the most widespread and abrupt land use change (LUC) in the 20th century in the northern hemisphere. The withdrawal of land area from cultivation led to several benefits including carbon (C) sequestration. Here, we provide a geographically complete and spatially detailed analysis of C sequestered in these abandoned lands. The average C accumulation rate in the upper 20 cm of mineral soil was 0.96 ± 0.08 Mg C ha−1 yr−1 for the first 20 years after abandonment and 0.19 ± 0.10 Mg C ha−1 yr−1 during the next 30 years of post-agrogenic evolution and natural vegetation establishment. The amount of C sequestered over the period 1990-2009 accounts to 42.6 ± 3.8 Tg C per year. This C sequestration rate is equivalent to ~10% of the annual C sink in all Russian forests. Furthermore, it compensates all fire and post-fire CO2 emissions in Russia and covers about 4% of the global CO2 release due to deforestation and other land use changes. Our assessment shows a significant mitigation of increasing atmospheric CO2 by prolonged C accumulation in Russian soils caused by collective farming collapse.
paper  Wiley  climate  agriculture  Russia  Russian_economy  post-Cold_War 
october 2013 by dunnettreader
Vincent Barnett: The Russian "Obshchina" as an Economic Institution (2004)
JSTOR: Journal of Economic Issues, Vol. 38, No. 4 (Dec., 2004), pp. 1037-1039 -- comment re Anton Oleinik article on network capitalism and Russia -- see Anton Oleinik response to Barrett comment
article  jstor  economic_history  institutional_economics  networks  capitalism  markets  Russia  Russian_economy  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Anton Oleinik: On Universal versus Specific Categories of Network Capitalism: A Reply to V. Barnett's Note (2004)
JSTOR: Journal of Economic Issues, Vol. 38, No. 4 (Dec., 2004), pp. 1040-1046 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- see earlier article on network capitalism and later article on distrust and Russian "market economy"
article  jstor  social_theory  political_economy  networks  capitalism  markets  institutional_economics  economic_history  19thC  20thC  21stC  Russia  Russian_economy  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Gary Marker: Standing in St. Petersburg Looking West, Or, Is Backwardness All There Is? | Republics of Letters: A Journal for the Study of Knowledge, Politics, and the Arts
Citation: Marker, Gary. “Standing in St. Petersburg Looking West, Or, Is Backwardness All There Is?.” Republics of Letters: A Journal for the Study of Knowledge, Politics, and the Arts1, no. 1 (May 1, 2009): http://rofl.stanford.edu/node/35. -- in "Rethinking the Republic of Letters" issue -- downloaded pdf to Note -- This strange symbiosis of Russia and Europe, at least from the sixteenth century onward, has been conveyed primarily through metaphors of teleology: primitive (or not), uncivil (or not); ignorant, crude, superstitious, uneducated, undeveloped. In short, backward. For European (and many Russian) literati “backward” and “Russian” were virtually interchangeable in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and as such they resided in a state of misfortune needing to be overcome.
article  intellectual_history  17thC  18thC  19thC  Russia  Peter_the_Great  cultural_history  Republic_of_Letters  Enlightenment  Franklin_Ben  nationalism  historians-and-state  history_of_science  natural_philosophy  development  modernization  academies  language-politics  education  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Evgenii Sigal: Doing Business In Russia Isn't About To Get Any Easier | KOMMERSANT/Worldcrunch June 2013
Earlier in June, during the last congress of the All-Russia People’s Front, a movement created by President Vladimir Putin in 2011, Putin announced that one of his primary goals was to create a new era of industrialization in Russia.

Russia's Minister of Economic Development Andrey Belousov announced in the same meeting that by the end of 2013, Russia could rise from 112th place to 50th place in the World Bank’s ranking of best country in the world to do business. Of course, his announcement was filled with qualifiers: it will be possible only if all of the planned measures meant to improve the investment environment are actually carried out.

Russia is a big country with a lot of regional differences – while most rating systems base their grades on the business environment in the capital. But among Russian cities, Moscow rates dead last for business-friendliness. In fact, smaller cities in Russia are much friendlier to business and score much higher on metrics like how easy it is to start a business or obtain a building permit. Regional authorities explain their success by saying that unlike Moscow, where there are numerous major corporations, the only chance they have at economic development is to really improve the investment environment. 
economic_growth  development  business  Russia  Russian_economy 
july 2013 by dunnettreader
D Herspring: Creating Shared Responsibility through Respect for Military Culture: The Russian and American Cases - 2011 - Public Administration Review - Wiley Online Library
Pdf downloaded to Note
The key problem in civil-military relations in established polities such as Russia and the United States is not civilian control of the military, but rather how to create a symbiotic relationship of “shared responsibility” between senior military officers and civilian leaders. In such a situation, civilian leaders obtain much needed expertise from the military, but ultimately remain in control. The keys to symbiotic civil-military relations are a desire on the part of military officers to work with civilians and civilian respect for military culture. When civilians respect military culture—that is, the military’s (1) devotion to clear executive leadership, (2) commitment to corporate identity, (3) drive to increase professional expertise, and (4) dedication to political responsibility—a system of shared responsibility is likely to emerge. This thesis is elaborated by comparing recent civil-military relations in Russia and the United States.
US_foreign_policy  US_government  military  Russia  post-Cold_War  21stC  governance  downloaded  IR 
july 2013 by dunnettreader
A Murdie: Response to Herspring “Creating Shared Responsibility through Respect for Military Culture” - 2011 - Public Administration Review - Wiley Online Library
Pdf downloaded to Note
Professor Dale R. Herspring argues that civil-military relations should move beyond a preoccupation with civilian control; instead, he says, the focus should be on the degree and nature of conflict within civil-military interactions. This alternative theoretical view adds much to the extant literature and allows future work to concentrate both on a more nuanced account of the effects of civil-military relations and, as Professor Herspring does, on the determinants of a “healthy” degree of civil-military conflict. This piece responds to Professor Herspring’s alternative view, arguing that future work building on his framework could incorporate much from within public administration
US_foreign_policy  US_government  Russia  military  governance  IR  downloaded 
july 2013 by dunnettreader
Brian D. Taylor: Kudrin’s Complaint: Does Russia Face a Guns vs. Butter Dilemma? | PONARS Eurasia June 2013
Putin and others have argued that a revitalized military- industrial complex (MIC) can be the motor for modernization and economic development, but in general the multiplier effect of defense spending is lower than that of other investment options. The logic of spending on guns and grannies, or bombs and babushkas, seems to be more political, in particular a desire to placate key Putin constituencies such as industrial workers and pensioners, than a strategy for long-term economic development.

A more likely outcome, then, is that huge resources are devoted to defense spending and procurement, but that much of it is wasted or stolen
Russia  Russian_economy  military-industrial_complex  Putin  downloaded 
june 2013 by dunnettreader
John Helmer: Russia's Aluminum Monopoly Is Effectively Worthless - Business Insider June 2013
The aluminium assets no longer support the market valuation; the aluminium operations would be loss-making if not for payment of Norilsk Nickel dividends, which are in turn being inflated above the profit line by borrowing from Russia’s state banks.Read more: http://johnhelmer.net/?p=9159#ixzz2WdsdtHfh
june 2013 by dunnettreader

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