dunnettreader + pope   49

Robert P. Irvine - Labor and Commerce in Locke and Early 18thC English Georgic (2009) | JSTOR - ELH
ELH, Vol. 76, No. 4 (Winter, 2009), pp. 963-988 -- importance of (agricultural) labor from Locke’s 2nd Treatise to "naturakize" money not just within the economy but within politics of the mercantilist imperial state - comparing Virgil use of georgics to encompass the Roman imperial state. Contrasts political agendas of Philips (Cyder 1707) and Pope (Windsor Forest 1713) in their use of georgics, both working within the Lockean framework of property. Extensive lit survey - lots of recent work on 18thC georgics to say nothing of cultural dimensions of political economy of expanding trade, commercialization and imperialism. -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  literary_history  English_lit  18thC  intellectual_history  political_philosophy  moral_philosophy  Locke-2_Treatises  property  mercantilism  imperialism  trade  commerce  commerce-doux  civility-political  politeness  civil_society  public_sphere  nature  parties  partisanship  Whigs  Whig_Junto  City  Tories  gentry  landed_interest  national_ID  national_interest  War_of_Spanish_Succession  Queen_Anne  Spectator  Addison  political_culture  economic_culture  British_politics  British_Empire  poetry  poetics  nature-poetry  nature-mastery  Virgil  Pope  1700s  1710s  peace  Peace_of_Utrecht  labor_theory_of_value  labor  agriculture  Davenant  political_economy  bibliography  downloaded 
november 2015 by dunnettreader
Eugenia Zuroski Jenkins - "Nature to Advantage Drest": Chinoiserie, Aesthetic Form, and the Poetry of Subjectivity in Pope and Swift (2009) | JSTOR - Eighteenth-Century Studies
Eighteenth-Century Studies, Vol. 43, No. 1 (FALL 2009), pp. 75-94 -- In response to scholarship on eighteenth-century female consumerism, this essay argues that women's relationship to ornamental objects was both ambivalent and changing in the early decades of the eighteenth century. It contrasts the relationship between women and chinaware in Pope's "The Rape of the Lock" and Swift's dressing room poems in the context of the emergent category of domestic "beautification arts." Pope posits subjectivity as an animated aesthetic form embodied in the well-dressed woman, chinaware, and poetry alike, while Swift disrupts the symbiotic relationship of human life and aesthetic order, both material and poetic, degrading the association of women and china as it relocates personal identity to the interior life of the individual. This shift in the conception of chinoiserie's place in British culture thus constitutes a severance of "nature" from aesthetic form and, consequently, a rewriting of human subjectivity itself. -- interesting references that in part track fashions in academic theory over past half century -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  literary_history  English_lit  18thC  British_history  Pope  Swift  poetry  women  consumer_revolution  consumerism  identity  subjectivity  decorative_arts  fashion  cultural_history  cultural_critique  cultural_authority  cultural_objects  cultural_change  bibliography  downloaded 
november 2015 by dunnettreader
Howard D. Weinbrot - Alexander Pope and Madame Dacier's Homer: Conjectures concerning Cardinal Dubois, Sir Luke Schaub, and Samuel Buckley | JSTOR: Huntington Library Quarterly, Vol. 62, No. 1/2 (1999), pp. 1-23
Intrigue involving local press censorship (Tonson printing Buckingham works edited by Pope and supressed by the ministry), diplomatic relations with Catholic Europe and Pope's reputation in England under attack -- early 1720s. -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  literary_history  British_history  British_politics  Whigs-oligarchy  diplomatic_history  cultural_history  18thC  1720s  Pope  DuBois  France  Anglo-French  Homer  translation  lit_crit  Ancients_v_Moderns  Dacier_Mme  poetics  downloaded  EF-add 
october 2014 by dunnettreader
Rachel Trickett - The Difficulties of Defining and Categorizing in the Augustan Period | JSTOR: New Literary History, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Winter, 1970), pp. 163-179
Attacks analysis that, in its own terms and originally is insightful, when elevated to a commonplace that locks works, authors or periods into rigid or inappropriate categories -- examples Eliot re metaphysical poets, Lovejoy Great Chain of Being -- slams Mack for trying to use Great Chain of Being to elevate Essay on Man to Renaissance philosophy. She doesn't think much of the poem apparently, but she's right that Pope uses the metaphor sparingly and in a far more flexible way than Renaissance, appropriate to the empirical natural history and philosophy of his age. Generally lots of useful comments on Restoration and Augustan literature, periodization and lit crit fashions. Downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  literary_history  lit_crit  historiography  Renaissance  16thC  17thC  18thC  19thC  Eliot_TS  Donne  Dryden  Pope  Johnson  Essay_on_Man  Lovejoy  Great_Chain_of_Being  diction  meter  couplet  satire  Atterbury  downloaded  EF-add 
june 2014 by dunnettreader
J. Paul Hunter - FORM AS MEANING: POPE AND THE IDEOLOGY OF THE COUPLET | JSTOR: The Eighteenth Century, Vol. 37, No. 3 (FALL 1996), pp. 257-270
Outstanding description of how Pope uses couplets not to set up binaries where one is victor or produce Hegelian synthesis - used to complicate, refuse closure etc - the antithesis of what Pope and his era usually accused of - uses Rape of the Lock and Windsor Forest to illustrate-- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  18thC  English_lit  literary_history  lit_crit  poetry  metre  couplet  Pope  dialectic  logic  rhetoric  aporia  Bolingbroke  downloaded  EF-add 
may 2014 by dunnettreader
John Richardson - Defending the Self: Pope and His Horatian Poems | JSTOR: The Modern Language Review, Vol. 95, No. 3 (Jul., 2000), pp. 623-633
Alexander Pope's self-representations in his Horatian poems involve defence of the self as well as literary self-defence. The apparent egotism is a way of defining and protecting identity against the threats of what he saw as a corrupt society. The drama of the poems, which paradoxically sometimes exposes egotism, act as a second kind of self-defence by allowing the poet to withdraw in imagination from the struggle. -- helpful re the various fashions in Pope bashing and bibliography -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  English_lit  literary_history  lit_crit  18thC  Augustan  Pope  satire  bibliography  biography  downloaded  EF-add 
may 2014 by dunnettreader
John David Walker - Circles of Contingency: Alexander Pope's "Epistle to Arbuthnot" | JSTOR: South Central Review, Vol. 2, No. 4 (Winter, 1985), pp. 31-43
Complex reading based on perilous position of world and person depending on God's immanent action in maintaining cosmic order and individual soul, with corruption threatening from all sides -- interesting note re Atticus, Addison earlier allusions besides the most apparent -- didn't download
article  jstor  English_lit  lit_crit  18thC  Pope  satire  cosmology  Providence  corruption  EF-add 
may 2014 by dunnettreader
Review by: Peter Walmsley - Tom Jones, Pope and Berkeley: The Language of Poetry and Philosophy | JSTOR: The Review of English Studies, New Series, Vol. 57, No. 232 (Nov., 2006), pp. 828-829
This review doesn't present Jones as trying to prove Bolingbroke had no influence -- more focus on Berkeley's differences from Locke in language and the correspondence of idea picture to referent. Tries to make out more particular influence on Providence where Walmsley sees Pope using Shaftesbury language. Quote from Bolingbroke on Berkeley's sublime wronheaded genius. -- didn't download
books  reviews  jstor  find  18thC  English_lit  philosophy_of_language  Locke  Berkeley  Pope  Essay_on_Man  Shaftesbury  Providence  EF-add 
may 2014 by dunnettreader
Tom Jones - Pope's "Epistle to Bathurst" and the Meaning of Finance | JSTOR: Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900, Vol. 44, No. 3 (Summer, 2004), pp. 487-504
This article attempts to show that Alexander Pope's argument and poetic technique in the Epistle to Bathurst challenge the idea that words are like money or other economic tokens. Reading against the recent characterization of Pope's work as nostalgic, this piece takes issue with the corollary established by J. G. A. Pocock and others between financial change and linguistic uncertainty in the early eighteenth century. It presents Pope as a skeptical thinker aware of the radical contingency of all human values, more in line with David Hume than earlier writers on money. It suggests that Pope's imitative meter is an investigation of this contingency of value. -- Yeah ! -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  18thC  English_lit  Pope  political_economy  moral_economy  finance_capital  financial_innovation  language  semiotics  values  historical_change  scepticism  contingency  morality-conventional  social_order  Pocock  commerce  downloaded  EF-add 
may 2014 by dunnettreader
Rime Royal (general note) - Harvard Chaucer site
When Chaucer first began writing the dominant form of verse was the English four-beat couplet, probably derived from the French octosyllabic (eight syllable) couplet, though often more free in the number of syllables allowed in the line. Chaucer's earliest works were in this form. -- Chaucer used this four-beat line for the last time in the House of Fame. He experimented with a variety of stanza forms in iambic pentameter (ten syllables, with five stressed syllables) and in The Legend of Good Women he used (for the first time in English) the iambic pentameter couplets familiar to every reader of The Canterbury Tales. Readers who know this form from later writers, such as Alexander Pope, should note that Chaucer's verses are not "heroic" or "closed" couplets -- what 16thC critic George Gascoigne called "riding rime". -- Rime Royal is a stanza that Chaucer adopted in his middle years, when he was greatly influenced by the Italian writers, most notably Giovanni Boccaccio. This is the stanza Chaucer used in his great Troilus and Criseyde (which he based on Boccaccio's Il Filostrato). It consists of seven iambic pentameter lines riming ababbcc. -- Where Chaucer got the form is not known; it was never used in English before Chaucer. In French a similar stanza called chant royal sometimes appears in lyric poetry, and it has been held that Chaucer adopted the form from the works of Guillaume de Machaut (c. 1300-1377). Or Chaucer may have adapted the Italian ottava rime, which consists of eight eleven-syllabled lines. riming abababcc; -- To adapt ottava rima to a seven-line form he had merely to drop the fifth line.
Chaucer  English_lit  poetry  Medieval  Italy  Renaissance  Boccaccio  Pope  meter  versification  style 
may 2014 by dunnettreader
Online Medieval and Classical Library (OMACL) - The House of Fame by Geoffrey Chaucer
The following text is based on that published in THE COMPLETE WORKS OF GEOFFREY CHAUCER, ed. W.W. Skeat (Oxford, 1899). This work is in the PUBLIC DOMAIN. This electronic edition was edited, proofed, and prepared by Douglas B. Killings (DeTroyes@AOL.COM), September 1994, based upon a previous e-text of unknown origin. Additional assistance provided by Diane M. Brendan.
etexts  poetry  English_lit  Chaucer  Pope 
may 2014 by dunnettreader
Hans Blumenberg: Former Reflections Enduring Doubt - Waggish (2009)
Very interesting discussion of Augustine, the medieval attempt to overcome Gnosticism which fails (nominalism and Luther put burden of evil on God) - modernity avoids theodicy dilemma by placing emphasis on man striving to overcome in this world rather than withdraw and place hope in salvation. In effect, "presume not God to scan, the proper study of mankind is man" -- The Legitimacy of the Modern Age covers a lot of ground, but one of the central theses, and the one that bears little resemblance to most prior theories of history, is this one: "The modern age is the second overcoming of Gnosticism. A presupposition of this thesis is that the first overcoming of Gnosticism, at the beginning of the Middle Ages, was unsuccessful. A further implication is that the medieval period, as a meaningful structure spanning centuries, had its beginning in the conflict with late-antique and early-Christian Gnosticism and that the unity of its systematic intention can be understood as deriving from the task of subduing its Gnostic opponent."
Christianity  Early_Christian  gnostic  Augustine  medieval_philosophy  Aquinas  nominalism  theology  theodicy  Pope  Essay_on_Man  modernity  progress  conservatism  Blumenberg  Schmitt  EF-add 
april 2014 by dunnettreader
The Correspondence of George Berkeley, ed Mark Hight (2012) :: Early modern philosophy :: Cambridge University Press
George Berkeley (1685–1753), Bishop of Cloyne, was an Irish philosopher and divine who pursued a number of grand causes, contributing to the fields of economics, mathematics, political theory and theology. He pioneered the theory of 'immaterialism', and his work ranges over many philosophical issues that remain of interest today. This volume offers a complete and accurate edition of Berkeley's extant correspondence, including letters both written by him and to him, supplemented by extensive explanatory and critical notes. Alexander Pope famously said 'To Berkeley every virtue under heaven', and a careful reading of the letters reveals a figure worthy of admiration, sheds new light on his personal and intellectual life and provides insight into the broad historical and philosophical currents of his time. The volume will be an invaluable resource for philosophers, modern historians and those interested in Anglo-Irish culture. --

** Gives a complete compilation of the extant correspondence of Berkeley, including letters both written by him and to him
** Includes a full introduction, a biographical sketch of Berkeley, a chronology of publications and extensive explanatory and critical notes
** Provides readers with an invaluable resource to form a picture of this key figure of Anglo-Irish culture
books  18thC  British_history  Ireland  intellectual_history  church_history  Church_of_England  Anglican  philosophy  epistemology  empiricism  theology  Berkeley  correspondence  Pope  EF-add 
february 2014 by dunnettreader
Alan D. Chalmers, review essay - "To Curse the Dean, or Bless the Draper": Recent Scholarship on Swift | JSTOR: Eighteenth-Century Studies, Vol. 36, No. 4 (Summer, 2003), pp. 580-585
Reviewed work(s): (1) Jonathan Swift and the Church of Ireland, 1710-1724 by Christopher J. Fauske; *--* (2) Jonathan Swift and the Popular Culture: Myth, Media, and the Man by Ann Cline Kelly; *--* (3) The Skeptical Sublime: Aesthetic Ideology in Pope and the Tory Satirists by James Noggle; *--* (4) Reading Swift:Papers from the Third Münster Symposium on Jonathan Swift by Hermann J. Real; Helgard Stover-Leidig
books  reviews  article  jstor  18thC  English_lit  British_history  British_politics  Ireland  cultural_history  Swift  Church_of_England  Anglican  Pope  Gay  Arbuthnot  satire  scepticism  heterodoxy  popular_culture  publishing  Grub_Street  downloaded  EF-add 
february 2014 by dunnettreader
George Sherburn and H. S. John - "Timon's Villa" and Cannons | JSTOR: The Huntington Library Bulletin, No. 8 (Oct., 1935), pp. 131-152
Of interest re Pope and Burlington influence on architecture, gardens etc -- conclusions may be dated, but useful sources identified by Sherburn and John -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  cultural_history  18thC  British_history  architecture  country_house  gardens  Pope  Burlington  Brydges  downloaded  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
Review by: Janet Sorensen - Poems of Nation, Anthems of Empire: English Verse in the Long 18thC by Suvir Kaul | JSTOR: The Journal of English and Germanic Philology, Vol. 102, No. 3 (Jul., 2003), pp. 444-446
Looks quite interesting - sees historicist and colonial interlinked - close readings get at both a nationalist imperialism, anxiety re imperialism, the translatio imperii tradition, and concerns of empire,slavery, over extension etc -- starts with Marvell and Dryden, works through the long baggy poems, looking at their different roles and status relative to other writing by the close of the 18thC
books  reviews  17thC  18thC  English_lit  poetry  British_Empire  commerce  nationalism  national_ID  imperialism  colonialism  slavery  Marvell  Dryden  Pope  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
The Scriblerian - Journal website
Subscriptions 1 year = $15; 3 years = $40 - by credit card starting 2012 issues on Project MUSE - not clear whether subscription allows Project MUSE access
journal  website  17thC  18thC  cultural_history  English_lit  Pope  Swift  Gay  Berkeley  Scriblerians 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
Philip Gould - Wit and Politics in Revolutionary British America: The Case of Samuel Seabury and Alexander Hamilton | JSTOR: Eighteenth-Century Studies, Vol. 41, No. 3 (Spring, 2008), pp. 383-403
This essay reads the famous exchange of anonymously written pamphlets between the American loyalist Samuel Seabury and the patriot Alexander Hamilton as an episode in transatlantic literary history. Reading the political pamphlet as a genre in which literary and cultural debates over taste and style simultaneously were taking place, this essay argues that for both patriot and loyalist writers, demonstrating British cultural literacy was crucial to establishing political authorship in America. The subsequent debates between Seabury and Hamilton over such subjects as wit and classical expression testify to the ongoing importance of this literacy as well as the larger dissonance between the political and cultural dimensions of the American Revolution. -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  cultural_history  intellectual_history  political_history  literary_history  18thC  American_colonies  American_Revolution  Loyalists  Hamilton  political_press  style  prose  lit_crit  wit  Pope  satire  Johnson  American_lit  literacy  cultural_capital  downloaded  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
Catherine M. S. Alexander, review essay - Re-viewing Shakespeare in the Long Eighteenth Century | JSTOR: Eighteenth-Century Studies, Vol. 41, No. 3 (Spring, 2008), pp. 426-429
Review of (1) Marketing the Bard: Shakespeare in Performance and Print 1660-1740 by Don-John Dugas; (2) Painting Shakespeare: The Artist as Critic, 1720-1820 by Stuart Sillars -- She was underwhelmed by the style and production of Marketing, and it seems heavy on quantitative measures, but looks useful in tracking changes in producing and consuming Shakespeare texts and performances that looks at commercial rather than political factors, as have recent studies. His commercial angle re publishing looks useful for Pope’s edition vs eg Rowe in c 1709 and competitors to Pope's edition. She thinks he does a lot with the staging in the 17thC by Davenant and Killigrew. "Painting Shakespeare" gets high marks for intelligent reading of the visual effects of artists from Hogarth to Fusilli, standalone paintings, narrative print series and illustrations in published texts from early 18thC to early19thC.
books  reviews  jstor  literary_history  cultural_history  British_history  English_lit  theater  publishing  readership  audience  Pope  EF-add 
january 2014 by dunnettreader
Gowdy et al - Economic cosmology and the evolutionary challenge | Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization Special Issue 2013
2nd lead articl5 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- The intellectual histories of economics and evolutionary biology are closely intertwined because both subjects deal with living, complex, evolving systems. Because the subject matter is similar, contemporary evolutionary thought has much to offer to economics. In recent decades theoretical biology has progressed faster than economics in understanding phenomena like hierarchical processes, cooperative behavior, and selection processes in evolutionary change. This paper discusses three very old “cosmologies” in Western thought, how these play out in economic theory, and how evolutionary biology can help evaluate their validity and policy relevance. These cosmologies are: (1) “natural man” as a rational, self-sufficient, egotistical individual, (2) competition among individuals can lead to a well-functioning society, and (3) there exists an ideal optimal state of nature. These correspond to Colander et al. (2004) “holy trinity of orthodox economics”, rationality, greed, and equilibrium. It is argued below that current breakthroughs in evolutionary biology and neuroscience can help economics go beyond these simple cosmologies.

They equate Pope’s Essay (self love and social are the same) with Mandeville Fable of the Bees
paper  journal  intellectual_history  ancient_philosophy  Western_civ  natural_law  cosmology  Providence  self-interest  competition  markets  economic_theory  economic_sociology  economic_culture  evolution-social  biocultural_evolution  evo_psych  evolution-as-model  reason  rationality-economics  rational_choice  downloaded  EF-add  equilibrium  complexity  Smith  Pope  Mandeville 
december 2013 by dunnettreader
Allison Muri - The Grub Street Project: The Dunciad as Heterotopia and "Social Text"
Web page illustrates how texts with related themes, echos, allusions create an intertextual social reading - further extended with illustrations from the works, maps and other contemporary publications -- includes Fleet Street as "sable stream" 1st in Garth, picked up by Gay in Trivia and later by Pope in the Dunciad, and earlier descriptions of Fleet Street from eg Ned Ward scatological and salacious anecdote. Similar elaboration of Dunciad's Bridewell including Hogarth Rake's Progress.

If we imagine a particular digital edition within this edition of London, we can imagine another way of mapping space to books, that is, visualizing the materiality of the city alongside its imagined literary topographies, as a heterotopia (as first described by Foucault and first posited in terms of The Dunciad by Brean Hammond in "The Dunciad and the City: Pope and Heterotopia") or as social text (as described by McGann).
18thC  British_history  London  cultural_history  maps  poetry  English_lit  Gay  Pope  Dunciad  Hogarth  publishing  prints  EF-add 
november 2013 by dunnettreader
Allison Muri - The Grub Street Project :: Owls, Print Culture, and Knowledge in Eighteenth-Century Britain: the Iconography of Grub Street
Page of reproductions from 18thC maps and editions of the Dunciad -- Grub Street Project takes its name both from the street in London that became part of Milton Street in 1830 (figure 1) and from the derogatory term for a rising breed of hack writers scribbling away in a marketplace greedy for the latest news, politics, scandals, novels, and commentaries. Once home to the printers Bernard Alsop, Thomas Fawcett, and John Clowes, the historical Grub Street represents a particular moment in print culture and in the city's topography. Figuratively, Grubstreet has no particular topography or temporality: it is a fog of dulness inhabited by owls and dunces. In this sense, the term characterizes the tension between the idealized classical city and culture of the Augustans, with London imagined as a new Athens or Augustan Rome (figure 2) or print culture itself as an idealized purveyor of knowledge and wisdom bestowed upon Europe by Athena (figure 3), and the inversion of all such principles in a world of ill-educated literary hacks and unscrupulous money-grubbing printers (figure 4). Accordingly, it signifies for this project both a qualitatively defined cultural space both "high" and "low," and a measurable and computable topographical one.

The owl, both Athenian and Grub-streetian, represents an aspect of London as heterotopia (see also "Graphs, Maps, and Digital Topographies: Visualizing The Dunciad as Heterotopia," Lumen 30 (2011)). The Grub-street owl appeared repeatedly in Pope's Dunciad (figures 5-9), and represents both the dunces of Augustan London and, indirectly, the ideals that have supposedly been superseded by the "taste of the rabble."
18thC  British_history  cultural_history  publishing  Pope  Dunciad  iconography  digital_humanities  EF-add 
november 2013 by dunnettreader
Patricia Meyer Spacks: Imagery and Method in "An Essay on Criticism" (1970)
JSTOR: PMLA, Vol. 85, No. 1 (Jan., 1970), pp. 97-106 -- downloaded pdf to Note-- The poetic method of Pope's "An Essay on Criticism" is to demonstrate how wit can operate, through imagery, as both controlling and creative power. The poem's imagery suggests the relatedness of all human endeavor, defines the special place of criticism, indicates standards of value. Images modify one another to achieve subtle effects, communicate complex and delicate judgments. The multiplicity of imagery is never random; it works by purposeful reinforcement. Even individual images supply poetic and philosophic density. Particularly important is the figure of the "good man" which emerges gradually through the poem, exemplifying a technique characteristic of much of Pope's poetry: the heightening of significant figures to emblematic proportions to exemplify the reality of key abstractions. The form as well as the content of Pope's imagery is important, with metaphors in general indicating more crucial connections than similes reveal. Pope, unlike such predecessors as Cowley, uses both metaphor and simile to convey a set of complicated paraphrasable ideas. He attempts to promulgate doctrine and to enjoin the proper feelings and beliefs about it. The "Essay on Criticism" indicates that metaphor can provide organization without comprising the sole substance of a poem.
article  jstor  lit_crit  18thC  English_lit  Pope  metaphor  rhetoric  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Stephen Szilagyi: THE PRIMACY OF POPE'S "ODE ON SOLITUDE" IN A GENEALOGY OF HIS DISCURSIVE SELF (1997)
JSTOR: The Eighteenth Century, Vol. 38, No. 1 (SPRING 1997), pp. 63-78 -- a Foucautian take on subjectivity in 12 year old Pope's ode
lit_crit  Pope  self  Foucault 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Howard Erskine-Hill: The Medal against Time: A Study of Pope's Epistle To Mr Addison (1965),
JSTOR: Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, Vol. 28 (1965), pp. 274-298 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- Pope's self image as an Augustan with decline anxieties - Dunciad an inverted Renaissance towards Dark Ages - Addison Medal Epistle belongs with his important poems, not miscellany as in Twickenham
article  jstor  lit_crit  literary_history  18thC  Augustan  Pope  Addison  Dunciad 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Darryl P. Domingo: "THE NATURAL PROPENSITY OF IMITATION": or, Pantomimic Poetics and the Rhetoric of Augustan Wit (2009)
JSTOR: Journal for Early Modern Cultural Studies, Vol. 9, No. 2 (FALL/WINTER 2009), pp. 51-95 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- Drawing attention to the complex reciprocal relationship between commercialized leisure and commercial literature in the so-called "Age of Wit," this essay reconceives of the witty and witless in two important ways. Taking for granted, first of all, that wit is usually analyzed in terms of the efficacy of verbal language, the essay examines how and why debates concerning true and false wit were played out in physical terms—in this case, through the motions, gestures, and attitudes of the dancing body. Second of all, the essay attempts to account for the enduring, if unwitting, attractions of "false wit" by likening it to the tricks and transformations of contemporary English pantomime. Satirists of the 1720s, 1730s, and 1740s frequently invoke the unmeaning motion of Harlequin as a visual way of proscribing the verbal excesses of extravagant language. At the same time, apologists for pantomime associate Harlequin's "dumb Wit" with truth, reason, and the pattern of nature, claiming that the genre's corporeality allowed it to transcend the limitations and equivocations of words. The essay concludes that the popularity of pantomime contextualizes the Augustan reaction against false wit, in that it identifies a source of aesthetic pleasure in the public's eagerness to be duped by apparent sameness in difference. Early eighteenth-century readers enjoy luxuriant, illogical, and mixed metaphors, forced similes, and trifling jibes and quibbles for the same reason that early eighteenth-century spectators delight in the unexpected turns of pantomimic entertainment: in a world under the sway of Harlequin's magical slapstick, audiences derive satisfaction from being deceived. -- Looks pretty heavy on Theory but lots of useful primary sources -- May be useful for Beggars Opera, Dunciad, Three Hours after Marriage, Martinus Scriblerus and even Peri Bathous as well as Hogarth.
article  jstor  18thC  intellectual_history  popular_culture  English_lit  literary_history  theater  epistemology  satire  Pope  consumerism  wit  bibliography  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
David Hopkins: Dryden and the Garth-Tonson Metamorphoses (1988)
JSTOR: The Review of English Studies, New Series, Vol. 39, No. 153 (Feb., 1988), pp. 64-74 -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  English_lit  literary_history  17thC  18thC  1690s  1710s  Dryden  Pope  Addison  publishing  imitation  translation  poetry  Ovid  networks-literary  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Roger D. Lund - Wit, Judgment, and the Misprisions of Similitude (2004) | JHI on JSTOR
Wit, Judgment, and the Misprisions of Similitude
Roger D. Lund
Journal of the History of Ideas
Vol. 65, No. 1 (Jan., 2004), pp. 53-74
True wit is Nature to advantage dress' d
What oft was thought but ne'er so well ecpress' d
Downloaded pdf to Note - duplicate somewhere in Dropbox EF libraries
article  jstor  17thC  18thC  literary_history  intellectual_history  cultural_history  faculties  reason  understanding  imagination  wit  judgment-aesthetics  judgment-emotions  gentleman  poetry  genius  creativity  Innovation  epistemology  virtue_epistemology  Locke  Malebranche  deception  Pope  Dryden  English_lit  French_lit  Addison  downloaded 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Graham P. Conroy: George Berkeley and the Jacobite Heresy: Some Comments on Irish Augustan Politics (1971)
JSTOR: Albion: A Quarterly Journal Concerned with British Studies, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Summer, 1971), pp. 82-91 -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  18thC  British_politics  Ireland  Jacobites  Berkeley  Swift  Pope  Bolingbroke  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Review essay: Lawrence E. Klein: (18thC) Time of Progress? (1992)
JSTOR: Journal of British Studies, Vol. 31, No. 3 (Jul., 1992), pp. 294-300 -- Works reviewed: mainly a comparison of two approaches to intellectual and cultural history (1) non-contextual "history of ideas" in The Idea of Progress in Eighteenth-Century Britainby David Spadafora; and (2) contextual, self-fashioning réflexive practice in Breaking and Remaking: Aesthetic Practice in England, 1700-1820 by Ronald Paulson. Klein sees (1) as missing what was really going on in 18thC, and Pauldon's focus on iconoclasm is surely too narrow a view for 18thC compexity. Totalizing theories of analytical categories don't work. ---- also Life in the Georgian City by Dan Cruickshank; Neil Burton; (lots of architecture and building practices, mostly Georgian single-famiky & covered in prior Cruickshank books) --**-- Corruption and Progress: The Eighteenth-Century Debate by Malcolm R. Jack (dreadful)
books  reviews  intellectual_history  cultural_history  Britain  18thC  English_lit  progress  Pope  Swift  art_history  Hogarth  aesthetics  patronage  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Review by: W. A. Speck: Pope and Bolingbroke: A Study of Friendship and Influence by Brean S. Hammond (1987)
JSTOR: The English Historical Review, Vol. 102, No. 404 (Jul., 1987), pp. 725-726 -- in a short note, Speck seems to think Hammond invading his literature and politics turf without adequate learning re politics - but his criticism is a nonsequteur - so what if Colley "proved" that Bolingbroke wasn't politically influential - irrelevant for Hammond study of Pope relationship
books  bookshelf  reviews  18thC  politics-and-literature  philosophy  poetry  Pope  Bolingbroke  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Hoyt Trowbridge: Joseph Warton on the Imagination (1937)
JSTOR: Modern Philology, Vol. 35, No. 1 (Aug., 1937), pp. 73-87 -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  English_lit  aesthetics  lit_crit  18thC  imagination  Pope  downloaded  EF-add 
august 2013 by dunnettreader
Jacques Bos: The rise and decline of character: humoral psychology in ancient and early modern medical theory (2009) | History of the Human Sciences - Sage
doi: 10.1177/0952695109104422 History of the Human Sciences July 2009 vol. 22no. 3 29-50 -- Humoralism, the view that the human body is composed of a limited number of elementary fluids, is one of the most characteristic aspects of ancient medicine. The psychological dimension of humoral theory in the ancient world has thus far received a relatively small amount of scholarly attention. Medical psychology in the ancient world can only be correctly understood by relating it to psychological thought in other fields, such as ethics and rhetoric. The concept that ties these various domains together is character (êthos), which involves a view of human beings focused on clearly distinguishable psychological types that can be recognized on the basis of external signs. Psychological ideas based on humoral theory remained influential well into the early modern period. Yet, in 17th-century medicine and philosophy, humoral physiology and psychology started to lose ground to other theoretical perspectives on the mind and its relation to the body. This decline of humoralist medical psychology can be related to a broader reorientation of psychological thought in which the traditional concept of character lost its central position. Instead of the focus on types and stable character traits, a perspective emerged that was primarily concerned with individuality and transient passions.
article  intellectual_history  cultural_history  17thC  medicine  body  psychology  emotions  physiology  mind  mind-body  character  humours  moral_philosophy  rhetoric  Pope  paywall  EF-add 
august 2013 by dunnettreader
Dániel Margócsy - Encyclopedias, the Exchange of Curiosities, and Practices of Identification before Linnaeus (2010)
Project MUSE - Dániel Margócsy. ""Refer to folio and number": Encyclopedias, the Exchange of Curiosities, and Practices of Identification before Linnaeus." Journal of the History of Ideas 71.1 (2010): 63-89. Project MUSE. Web. 28 Aug. 2013. <http://muse.jhu.edu/>...... Available as html and pdf...... The Swiss natural historian Johann Amman came to Russia in 1733 to take a position as professor of botany and natural history at the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences. As part of the job, he corresponded, and exchanged plant specimens, with the English merchant collector Peter Collinson in London, and the Swedish scholar Carolus Linnaeus, among others. After briefly reviewing Amman's correspondence with these scholars and the growing commerce in exotic specimens of natural history, I explore how encyclopedias came to facilitate the exchange of zoological specimens in particular. I argue that, during the seventeenth century, a new genre of zoological encyclopedias appeared on the scene whose design was particularly well-suited for the purposes of identification, a key practice in long-distance exchanges.

?....-- Of interest on several counts. 1) classification and taxonomy process extending Foucault observation re shift from Renaissance representation to Enlightenment classification - not just driven by demands for new forms of intelligibility, but parallel to what happening in commerce, need to support communications needed for ling distance exchange. 2) stages leading to Linnaeus. 3) encyclopedia phenomenon more generally as Republic of Letters expands geographically and in membership and becomes increasingly specialized. How new types of authority asserted, contested and accepted. Also suggestive re how garden, herb, exotic specimens ID'd, info circulated internationally - Bolingbroke's grandmother, Trumbull letter, Pope's gardening.
article  Project_MUSE  17thC  18thC  intellectual_history  cultural_history  biology  species  natural_history  publishing  commerce  Republic_of_Letters  Scientific_Revolution  gardens  Foucault  Linnaeus  Bolingbroke  Pope  EF-add 
august 2013 by dunnettreader
Religion in the Age of Enlightenment - Vol 4, 2013 - Jeffrey D. Burson , Buddhism as Caricature: China and the Legitimation of Natural Religion in the Enlightenment 
Url for journal home page and TOC for Vol 4 which includes Burson article - since Burson writing on French Catholic Enlightenment, especially Jesuits until mid 18thC, hopefully his article will pick up repercussions of querelle des rites and how Voltaire used; maybe cover Toland as well? Also check out article on Basnage and Dictionnaire universel as well as intriguing " John G. Rudy, The Empty Link: Zen Meditative Harmonics and Intimations of Enlightenment in Pope’s Essay on Man and Shakespeare’s Merchant of Venice" . -- Journal description -- Religion in the Age of Enlightenment (RAE) publishes scholarly examinations of (1) religion and religious attitudes and practices during the age of Enlightenment; (2) the impact of the Enlightenment on religion, religious thought, and religious experience; and (3) the ways religion informed Enlightenment ideas and values, from a range of disciplinary perspectives, including, but not limited to, history, theology, literature, philosophy, the social and physical sciences, economics, and the law.While the Enlightenment generally refers to an eighteenth-century philosophical and cultural movement that swept through Western Europe, the editors welcome studies that encompass the seventeenth-century intellectual movements that gave rise to the ideals of the Enlightenment—e.g., materialism, skepticism, rationalism, and empiricism—as well as studies that consider later manifestations of Enlightenment ideas and values during the early nineteenth century. The editors likewise welcome studies of non-Western religious topics and issues in light of Enlightenment attitudes. In addition to publishing original research in these areas, RAE includes reviews of books that explore topics relevant to the thematic scope of the annual.
journal  17thC  18thC  Enlightenment  religious_history  religious_culture  theology  church_history  materialism  scepticism  reason  empiricism  human_nature  moral_philosophy  find  Voltaire  Jesuits  China  orientalism  natural_law  natural_religion  Deism  Toland  Pope  Essay_on_Man  EF-add 
august 2013 by dunnettreader
Robert V. McNamee: The marginalized Alexander Pope | Electronic Enlightenment Monthly Miscellany — Spring 2013
Nice homage to Pope and Windsor Forest. Includes info on advancements in medicine and Pope's disease. Link to Voltaire letter re Pope's Homer.
18thC  British_history  English_lit  Enlightenment  medicine  anti-Catholic  War_of_Spanish_Succession  Pope  Voltaire  digital_humanities  EF-add 
august 2013 by dunnettreader

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