dunnettreader + physiocrats   12

Antonella Alimento - Beyond the Treaty of Utrecht: Véron de Forbonnais's French Translation of the British Merchant (1753): History of European Ideas: Vol 40, No 8
Pages 1044-1066 | Published online: 06 Nov 2014
This study focuses on the cultural and political context from which stemmed the French translation of the British Merchant. The paratextual and macrostructural interventions that characterised Le négotiant anglois clearly demonstrate that the translator, Véron de Forbonnais, used his work to set out his own epistemological method and his way of looking at inter-state relations. With the book, Forbonnais had distanced himself from Gournay by rejecting the idea that in order for France to prosper in a situation of international competition the government needed to adopt a muscular strategy that included the adoption of a navigation act modelled on the one enacted by Britain in 1660. At the same time, Forbonnais warned French decision-makers that signing commercial treaties with the maritime powers might also be prejudicial to national economic interests. Forbonnais supplied qualified French readers not only with an annotated edition of the British Merchant but also with a translation of Davenant's Of the Use of Political Arithmetick. In so doing, he proposed to his audience a type of governance based on a competent use of statistics. In conclusion, I will argue that in Le négotiant anglois Forbonnais anticipated the key political and economical tenets of his project of ‘monarchie commerçante’, which he later set out in the Principes et observations æconomiques (1767) in order to counter the rise of the epistemology and plans for a ‘royaume agricole’ put forward by the physiocratic movement.
Keywords: British Merchant, Gournay, Davenant, navigation act, treaties of commerce, ‘balance du commerce’
article  paywall  18thC  intellectual_history  political_economy  international_political_economy  France  British_foreign_policy  economic_theory  economic_policy  Physiocrats  commerce  mercantilism  competition-interstate  Navigation_Acts  trade-agreements  trade-policy  Gournay  Davenant  translation  reception_history  French_government  enlightened_absolutism  balance_of_power  statistics  government-data 
december 2016 by dunnettreader
Cédric Rio, review - Pierre Crétois, Le Renversement de l’individualisme possessif: de Hobbes à l’État social Droit de propriété et intérêt collectif - La Vie des idées - 24 août 2015
Recensé : Pierre Crétois, Le Renversement de l’individualisme possessif : de Hobbes à l’État social, Paris, Classiques Garnier, 2014, 356 p.-- Mots-clés : propriété | libéralisme | solidarité | républicanisme -- En France l’idée que la propriété est un droit naturel émerge et triomphe au XVIIIe siècle, sous l’impulsion des physiocrates. C’est une telle conception que le mouvement solidariste critiquera un siècle plus tard afin de promouvoir l’État social. -- downloaded pdf to Note
books  reviews  French_language  intellectual_history  political_philosophy  18thC  19thC  French_Enlightenment  Physiocrats  Hobbes  Locke-2_Treatises  Rousseau  property  property_rights  individualism  individualism-possessive  republicanism  common_good  solidarity  socialism  socialism-19thC  social_contract  social_movements  political_economy  political_press  economic_theory  liberalism  liberalism-19thC  welfare_state  natural_law  natural_rights  downloaded 
october 2015 by dunnettreader
Michael Kwass, review essay - Reassessing Enlightenment Economics - Reinert's "Translating Empire" | Books & ideas - 25 March 2013
Reviewed: Sophus A. Reinert, Translating Empire: Emulation and the Origins of Political Economy. Harvard University Press, 438 pp - Resurrecting the life of John Cary’s Essay on the State of England, a book which travelled all over Europe throughout the 18th century, S.A. Reinert challenges our understanding of Enlightenment economics, while calling for a more nuanced and historically-informed understanding of political economy in general. (..) By resurrecting the life of a text that scholars have dismissed as “mercantilist” and repositioning that work at the center of 18th-century political economy, Reinert challenges our basic understanding of Enlightenment economics, so often reduced to the free-trade doctrines of the physiocrats and Adam Smith. He argues that the diffusion of Cary’s work demonstrates that state-centered approaches to the creation of wealth enjoyed wide resonance at the very moment when discussions of economic policy were expanding beyond state chambers to engage a broader public. Far from being eclipsed by theories of laissez-faire economics, as conventional histories of economic thought would have us believe, such approaches became “the absolute mainstream in Europe” by the late 18th century -- downloaded pdf to Note
books  reviews  kindle  18thC  economic_history  intellectual_history  intellectual_history-distorted  political_economy  Enlightenment  economic_theory  mercantilism  laisser-faire  Physiocrats  Smith  British_history  British_foreign_policy  nation-state  economic_growth  development  public_policy  public_goods  government-roles  Italy  Austria  Germany  readership  history_of_book  print_culture  information-intermediaries  networks-information  networks-business  networks-policy  Republic_of_Letters  downloaded 
july 2015 by dunnettreader
Dan Edelstein, ed. - The Super-Enlightenment: Daring to Know Too Much | Voltaire Foundation -Jan 2010
Historians of 18thC thought have implied a clear distinction between mystical or occult writing, often termed ‘illuminist’, and better-known forms of Enlightenment thinking and culture. But where are the boundaries of ‘enlightened’ human understanding? (..the.) contributors (..) put forward a completely new way of configuring these seemingly antithetical currents of thought, and identify a grey area that binds the two, a ‘Super-Enlightenment’. (..) exploring the social, religious, artistic, political and scientific dimensions of the Super-Enlightenment, contributors demonstrate the co-existence of apparent opposites: the enlightened and the esoteric, empiricism and imagination, history and myth, the secretive and the public, mysticism and science. The Enlightenment can no longer be seen as a sturdy, homogeneous movement defined by certain core beliefs, but one which oscillates between opposing poles in its social practices, historiography and even its epistemology: between daring to know, and daring to know too much. ** Dan Edelstein, Introduction to the Super-Enlightenment -- I. What limits of understanding? ** Peter Reill, The hermetic imagination in the high and late Enlightenment ** David Bates, Super-epistemology ** Jessica Riskin, Mr Machine and the imperial me -- II. The arts of knowing ** Liana Vardi, Physiocratic visions ** Anthony Vidler, For the love of architecture: Claude-Nicolas Ledoux and the Hypnerotomachia ** Fabienne Moore, The poetry of the Super-Enlightenment: the theories and practices of Cazotte, Chassaignon, Mercier, Saint-Martin and Bonneville -- III. Sacred societies ** Natalie Bayer, What do you seek from us? Wisdom? Virtue? Enlightenment? Inventing a Masonic science of man in Russia ** Kris Pangburn, Bonnet’s theory of palingenesis: an ‘Enlightened’ account of personal resurrection? ** Dan Edelstein, The Egyptian French Revolution: antiquarianism, Freemasonry and the mythology of nature ** Tili Boon Cuillé, From myth to religion in Ossian’s France
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january 2015 by dunnettreader
Critical Miscellanies: Second Series - John Morley - Google Books
Expanded and revised articles from Fortnightly Review -- Duplicates Macaulay piece from Vol 6 of his collected works -- most devoted to France in 18thC (including a long piece on Robespierre and another long one on Turgot) - looks like JS Mill died during this period, so there are several retrospective pieces on Mill, his Autobiography etc. -- Added to Google_Books library
books  etexts  Google_Books  Morley  18thC  19thC  intellectual_history  political_history  French_Enlightenment  French_Revolution  philosophes  Physiocrats  Turgot  political_economy  Robespierre  French_lit  materialism  Terror  Mill  utilitarianism  political_philosophy  moral_philosophy  logic  empiricism  liberalism  British_politics  British_Empire  EF-add 
may 2014 by dunnettreader
Pagina Web del Prof. Fabio Petri [papers, draft textbook, class materials] - heterodox microeconomics, Sraffa capital debates, intellectual history, political economy
Links to pdfs and docs -- Lecture On Economic Policy *--* (downloaded to Note) Comment on Gintis (with E. Bilancini) with Appendix *--*- Una prospettiva disincantata sulla crisi e sulla teoria contemporanea *--* (downloaded to Note) On the current debate on capital theory *--*- On the relevance of reswitching. *--* (downloaded to Note) *--* (downloaded to Note)-Investment depends on output. *--* (downloaded to Note and reformatted for spacing, converted to pdf)- Capital Theory: a synthetic introduction to its historical development. *--* - Investment depends on output - a new critique of Say's Law ('Neglected Implications...') *--* (downloaded to Note)- Blaug Versus Garegnani on the Formalist Revolution and the Evolution of Neoclassical Capital Theory ***---*** Advanced Microeconomics Textbook "Microeconomics for the critical mind" - Some Provisional Chapters ***---*** Advanced Microeconomics Petri Ch0, Contents and Preface *--*
Advanced Microeconomics Petri Ch1, The Classical or Surplus Approach *--*
Advanced Microeconomics Petri Ch2, The Classical Approach: Formal Treatment. *--*
Advanced Microeconomics Petri Ch3, The Marginal or Neoclassical Approach: A Simple Description. *--*
Advanced Microeconomics Petri Ch4 , Neoclassical Consumer Theory, and Exchange General Equilibrium. *--*
Advanced Microeconomics Petri Ch5, Neoclassical Theory of the Firm, and GE of Production and Exchange. *--*
Advanced Microeconomics Petri Ch6, Uniqueness and Stability of Atemporal Acapitalistic GE. *--* .
Advanced Microeconomics Petri Ch7, Long-Period General Equilibrium, and Reswitching. *--*
Advanced Microeconomics Petri Ch8, Intertemporal and Temporary General Equilibrium (new version) *--*
Advanced Microeconomics Petri Ch9PartFirst Uncertainty and Insurance. *--*
Advanced Microeconomics Petri References - Very Incomplete
books  courses  paper  website  economic_theory  intellectual_history  18thC  19thC  20thC  Physiocrats  Smith  Ricardo  Marx  Sraffa  classical_economics  marginalists  capital  profit  investment  Labor_markets  wages  heterodox_economics  downloaded  EF-add 
february 2014 by dunnettreader
Steven Pressman, review - Liana Vardi: The Physiocrats and the World of the Enlightenment.| EH.net
Liana Vardi, The Physiocrats and the World of the Enlightenment. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012. viii + 315 pp. $99 (hardcover), ISBN: 978-1-107-02119-8.

Reviewed for EH.Net by Steven Pressman, Department of Economics, Monmouth University. A second generation of Physiocrats focused on education as a means to harmonize the instincts of man and the needs of society. Yet a fine line separates education and indoctrination. At many times, the Physiocrats crossed this line. When it became a harsh doctrine, using state coercion to change the moral values of French citizens, people developed second thoughts about Physiocracy.

Vardi does an excellent job explaining how Physiocracy became a strange sort of religious doctrine, seeking to convince people to act according to the dictates of the natural order for the benefit of France. It failed because it never convinced people to behave in ways that would promote growth and could not get government officials to institute appropriate policies to help achieve this end. At bottom, its problem was a model that was far too complex and out of touch to achieve its main goal.

Vardi?s biographical essays give her story a distinctive human touch as well as an historical context. However, her training as an historian and her lack of understanding of the Tableau are somewhat of a hindrance. Like Hamlet in Tom Stoppard?s play Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead, the Tableau sits in the background as we watch other characters perform.
books  reviews  intellectual_history  political_history  economic_history  18thC  France  French_Enlightenment  Louis_XV  Louis_XVI  Physiocrats  economic_theory  moral_philosophy  human_nature  self-interest  EF-add 
december 2013 by dunnettreader
Robert B. Ekelund, Jr., review - Germano Maifreda: From Oikonomia to Political Economy: Constructing Economic Knowledge from the Renaissance to the Scientific Revolution | EH.net
Ashgate, 2012. vii + 304 pp. $135 (hardcover), ISBN: 978-1-4094-3301-9.

The transition from the culturally and religiously oriented era of Oikonomia to the political economy of, say, Smith and Hume, was not linear.? Culture, science and religion evolved and helped shape conceptions of economic functioning. (It would appear that medieval Christianity was not productive of ?economy.?)? Secularism also evolved and searches for constancy in value, in exchange and in entrepreneurship were shaped by culture and psychology.? Epistemology affected the scaffolding and functioning of the economic superstructure at any point in time.?

[H]e raises intriguing links between culture, psychology, medicine, biology and economic categories. In Chapters 5 through7 (plus an epilogue), Maifreda weaves together exceptionally interesting material on the manner in which the principles of other sciences and studies used what we now call economic reasoning and motivations.? The whole question of how the idea that labor ?caused? or ?represented? or ?was involved with? value is the subject of Chapters 5 and 6.? Maifreda highlights (properly) how Locke?s analysis of private property is the ?essential element? in productive economy (p. 167).? Also examined is how labor and the concept of equilibrium are related to both theological and physiological reasoning, the concept of equilibrium prominent in the writings of Hales and Boisguilbert He concludes that ?powerful metaphors formed within diverse fields of knowledge … lent their assistance to ways of thinking about phenomena and drawing up models and generalizations? (p. 253) that, later, became an independent science of economics and economic reasoning.? One small complaint is that he does not extend his discussion into exactly how and through whom the transition was finally made (e.g., possibly Cantillon and others).? But that may be the subject for another study.
books  reviews  intellectual_history  economic_history  Renaissance  Scientific_Revolution  Enlightenment  Scottish_Enlightenment  French_Enlightenment  16thC  17thC  18thC  political_economy  economic_theory  economic_culture  commerce  values  labor  Locke  property  currency  prices  cultural_history  theology  Providence  moral_philosophy  moral_economy  Foucault  Physiocrats  Linnaeus  biology  physiology  equilibrium  metaphor  EF-add 
december 2013 by dunnettreader
Jacob Viner: The Economist in History (1963)
JSTOR: The American Economic Review, Vol. 53, No. 2 (May, 1963), pp. 1-22
Papers and Proceedings of the Seventy-Fifth Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association
Downloaded pdf to Note
article  economic_history  17thC  18thC  intellectual_history  political_economy  mercantilism  Physiocrats  downloaded  EF-add 
august 2013 by dunnettreader
Antonella Stirat: The Theory Of Wages In Classical Economics: A Study of Adam Smith, David Ricardo and their Contemporaries | Edward Elgar Publishing
1994 240 pp Hardback 978 1 85278 710 3

Antonella Stirati argues that the wage-fund theory played no part in the theory of wages expounded by Ricardo and his predecessors. Classical wage theory is shown to be analytically consistent but very different from contemporary theory, particularly as it did not envisage an inverse relationship between employment and the real wage level, and hence a spontaneous tendency to full employment of labour. The author bases her approach not only on a reinterpretation of Smith and Ricardo, but also on the writings of Turgot, Necker, Steuart, Hume, Cantillon and other pre-classical economists.Historians of economic thought as well as other economists will welcome Dr Stirati’s careful analysis of classical writings on economics which includes simple but rigorous explanations of phenomena, central to current economic debate, such as the occurrence of persistent unemployment.
books  find  economic_history  economic_models  classical_economics  18thC  19thC  Smith  Hume  Physiocrats  Cantillon  Ricardo  Labor_markets  unemployment  intellectual_history  political_economy  EF-add 
august 2013 by dunnettreader

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