dunnettreader + jansenists   6

Ulrich Lehner, review - Jeffrey Burson, "The Rise and Fall of Theological Enlightenment: Jean-Martin De Prades and Ideological Polarization in 18thC France" | Theological Studies - 2011
Ulrich Lehner, Marquette University -- Published version. Theological Studies, Vol. 72, (2011): 99–101. ©2011 Theological Studies, Inc. Used with permission. -- Ulrich Lehner. "Review of "The Rise and Fall of Theological Enlightenment: Jean-Martin De Prades and Ideological Polarization in Eighteenth-Century France" by Jeffrey Burson" Theological Studies (2011). -- downloaded pdf to Note
books  reviews  intellectual_history  religious_history  18thC  France  French_Enlightenment  Enlightenment  theology  Catholics  Counter-Enlightenment  Jesuits  Jansenists  Parlement  Paris  scandale  philosophes  censorship  free-thinkers  religion-established  reason  downloaded  EF-add 
july 2014 by dunnettreader
Dale Van Kley, review essay, Where the Rot Started? - Brad S. Gregory, The Unintended Reformation: How a Religious Revolution Secularized Society - | Books and Culture
Excellent essay -- Gregory places almost all blame on the Protestants for the disunity of Christendom, marginalization of religious institutions and thought, and horrors of modern age, including moral relativism and global warming. Like Gillespie, puzzling stress on Dun Scotus ("univocal being") and William of Ockham (nominalism) for (enabling? producing?) a cosmos in which scientific inquiry could dispense with God. Gregory omits a number of factors on the Catholic side (beyond the Lutheran Reformation itself that the Papacy might have handled via reforms instead of confrontation and denial of fallibility). Van Kley's list of factors (especially French) that Gregory omits -- (1) splits in Catholicism throughout middle ages, e.g. frequent appearance of latent heresies if reformers couldn't get a new order founded; (2) Papal alliance with secular rulers to stamp out conciliar movement and reinforce papal infallibility - made compromise with Luther etc impossible and still inhibits any meaningful ecumenism; (3) Counter-Reformation shift from assessing theological grounds of specific doctrines to asserting absolute unchallengable authority based on external marks (as defined by Catholics) of the true church - a style of argument that wasn't going to survive sola scriptura, new science, Enlightenment etc; (4) Papal overreaction that stamped out Gallican and liberal Catholicism, which in turn stimulated anticlericalism and anti-regime sentiments from both left and right, thereby reducing the flexibility of the Ancien Regime to address social and economic problems or reform institutions; (5) a counter-revolutionary anti-intellectual unholy alliance between Papacy and Jansénistes that produced the uncompromising radicalism of laïcité. And that's not all Van Kley covers.
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june 2014 by dunnettreader
Thomas E. Kaiser: Madame de Pompadour and the Theaters of Power (1996)
JSTOR: French Historical Studies, Vol. 19, No. 4 (Autumn, 1996), pp. 1025-1044 -- issue focus on Early Modern biography -- downloaded pdf to Note -- This article traces Mme de Pompadour's political career in order to demonstrate how the French public conceived of her supposed seizure of power. In particular, it examines the imagined role of her theater at Versailles as a mechanism for usurping the royal will. Represented by the propaganda of the parti devot as a nefarious site of an inversion of ranks, powers, and taste, the theater of Mme de Pompadour, like the notorious Parc-aux-Cerfs, convinced the French people that the politics of their nation was controlled by a woman of low birth and that their government--the grandest "theater of power" of the royal mistress--was at risk of becoming the "despotism" of which Montesquieu and his school had warned his compatriots. A complement to the most recent traditional biographical studies, this article underlines the importance of reputation as a critical element in the reconstruction of a past life.
article  jstor  18thC  France  French_government  court_culture  Louis_XV  public_sphere  public_opinion  religious_culture  Jansenists  Jesuits  political_culture  French_Enlightenment  despotism  republicanism  Absolutism  Montesquieu  downloaded  EF-add 
august 2013 by dunnettreader
Jeffrey Burson: The Rise and Fall of Theological Enlightenment // Books // University of Notre Dame Press
Full title-- The Rise and Fall of Theological Enlightenment: Jean-Martin de Prades and Ideological Polarization in Eighteenth-Century France -- Book page with reviews and pdfs for TOC and Chapter 1 -- Downloaded pdfs to Note with markup of Chapter 1 -- Essential for philosophy and theology synthesis of Locke and Malebranche especially by Jesuits -- their influence during Regency and after Cardinal Fleury chased the Jansenists out of the Sorbonne after 1729. Growing radicalism of non theological Enlightenment and growing popularity of Jansenists and parlementaires plus tensions post War of Austrian Succession put temporary alliance of Jansenists, Jesuits, Sorbonne and court against Encyclopédie and effectively create the philosophes and anti-philosophes polarization.
books  18thC  Enlightenment  French_Enlightenment  Catholics  theology  Jesuits  Jansenists  Fleury  Regency-France  Parlement  Locke  Malebranche  Cartesian  downloaded  EF-add 
august 2013 by dunnettreader

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