dunnettreader + great_chain_of_being   8

Forum - “Deirdre McCloskey and Economists’ Ideas about Ideas” (July, 2014) - Online Library of Liberty
Deirdre McClosky is over the halfway point of her 4 volume work on The Bourgeois Era. Two volumes have already appeared, Bourgeois Virtues (2006) and Bourgeois Dignity (2010), and a third is close to appearing [2015]. This Liberty Matters online discussion will assess her progress to date with a Lead Essay by Don Boudreaux and comments by Joel Mokyr and John Nye, and replies to her critics by Deirdre McCloskey. The key issue is to try to explain why “the Great Enrichment” of the past 150 years occurred in northern and western Europe rather than elsewhere, and why sometime in the middle of the 18th century. Other theories have attributed it to the presence of natural resources, the existence of private property and the rule of law, and the right legal and political institutions. McCloskey’s thesis is that a fundamental change in ideas took place which raised the “dignity” of economic activity in the eyes of people to the point where they felt no inhibition in pursuing these activities which improved the situation of both themselves and the customers who bought their products and services.
intellectual_history  cultural_history  economic_history  economic_growth  Medieval  16thC  17thC  18thC  19thC  Great_Divergence  British_history  Scientific_Revolution  Enlightenment  Scottish_Enlightenment  Industrial_Revolution  bourgeoisie  political_economy  France  Germany  Prussia  China  development  institutional_economics  North-Weingast  legal_history  property  property_rights  commerce  trade  trading_companies  free_trade  improvement  technology  Innovation  agriculture  energy  natural_capital  nature-mastery  transport  capitalism  colonialism  industry  industrialization  social_order  Great_Chain_of_Being  consumers  political_philosophy  moral_philosophy  equality  republicanism  republics-Ancient_v_Modern  liberalism  incentives  microeconomics  historical_sociology  historical_change  social_theory  EF-add 
july 2014 by dunnettreader
Rachel Trickett - The Difficulties of Defining and Categorizing in the Augustan Period | JSTOR: New Literary History, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Winter, 1970), pp. 163-179
Attacks analysis that, in its own terms and originally is insightful, when elevated to a commonplace that locks works, authors or periods into rigid or inappropriate categories -- examples Eliot re metaphysical poets, Lovejoy Great Chain of Being -- slams Mack for trying to use Great Chain of Being to elevate Essay on Man to Renaissance philosophy. She doesn't think much of the poem apparently, but she's right that Pope uses the metaphor sparingly and in a far more flexible way than Renaissance, appropriate to the empirical natural history and philosophy of his age. Generally lots of useful comments on Restoration and Augustan literature, periodization and lit crit fashions. Downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  literary_history  lit_crit  historiography  Renaissance  16thC  17thC  18thC  19thC  Eliot_TS  Donne  Dryden  Pope  Johnson  Essay_on_Man  Lovejoy  Great_Chain_of_Being  diction  meter  couplet  satire  Atterbury  downloaded  EF-add 
june 2014 by dunnettreader
Rhodri Lewis - William Petty's Anthropology: Religion, Colonialism, and the Problem of Human Diversity | JSTOR: Huntington Library Quarterly, Vol. 74, No. 2 (June 2011), pp. 261-288
In the late 1670s, William Petty wrote “Of the Scale of Creatures,” an unfinished treatise that reinterprets the scala naturae or “chain of being.” On the strength of its appendix on human anthropology, Petty has been identified as a founding father of modern racism. By reconsidering the history of the work's dissemination and examining the language and assumptions of the “Scale” as a whole, Rhodri Lewis challenges this reading. This essay shows that the “Scale” was virtually unknown until the twentieth century, and that it offers what was then a conventional geo-humoral explanation of human diversity, one quite distinct from modern racialism. It was motivated primarily by Petty's theological concerns and his desire to vindicate the scriptural account of the origins and demographic growth of humankind. - paywall
article  jstor  paywall  intellectual_history  historiography  intellectual_history-distorted  cultural_history  17thC  religious_history  religious_belief  Biblical_authority  Bible-as-history  Petty_William  Great_Chain_of_Being  racism  EF-add 
june 2014 by dunnettreader
The Question of Certainty by John Dewey (1929)
Source: The Quest for Certainty (1933), publ. Capricorn Books, 1960. -- Chapter II - Philosophy's Search for the Immutable -- The failure and frustration of actual life is then attributed to the fact that this world is finite and phenomenal, sensible rather than real, or to the weakness of our finite apprehension, which cannot see that the discrepancy between existence and value is merely seeming, and that a fuller vision would behold partial evil an element in complete good. Thus the office of philosophy is to project by dialectic, resting supposedly upon self-evident premises, a realm in which the object of completest cognitive certitude is also one with the object of the heart's best aspiration. The fusion of the good and the true with unity and plenitude of Being thus becomes the goal of classic philosophy. -- Practical activity is dismissed to a world of low grade reality. Desire is found only where something is lacking and hence its existence is a sign of imperfection of Being. Hence one must go to passionless reason to find perfect reality and complete certitude. But nevertheless the chief philosophic interest is to prove that the essential properties of the reality that is the object of pure knowledge are precisely those characteristics which have meaning in connection with affection, desire and choice. After degrading practical affairs in order to exalt knowledge, the chief task of knowledge turns out to be to demonstrate the absolutely assured and permanent reality of the values with which practical activity is concerned! Can we fall to see the irony in a situation wherein desire and emotion are relegated to a position inferior in every way to that of knowledge, while at the same time the chief problem of that which is termed the highest and most perfect knowledge is taken to be the existence of evil-that is, of desires errant and frustrated?
etexts  Dewey  pragmatism  epistemology  ontology  Great_Chain_of_Being  Platonism  idealism-transcendental  Hegelian  evil  theodicy  certainty  desire  moral_philosophy  values  morality-objective  morality-conventional  moral_psychology  epistemology-social  EF-add 
may 2014 by dunnettreader

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