dunnettreader + britain   147

Susan Campbell, Walled Kitchen Gardens | Shire Publications
Walled kitchen gardens were found in the grounds of most large country houses in Britain and Ireland. They were designed to provide a continual supply of fruit, flowers and vegetables. The remains of these gardens can still be seen, some converted to other uses, some simply abandoned. This book examines the history of these old kitchen gardens. -- Paperback; August 2006; 56 pages; ISBN: 9780747806578
books  Britain  Ireland  British_history  cultural_history  elite_culture  country_homes  gardens  agriculture  architecture  Bolingbroke-family 
march 2015 by dunnettreader
Jeffery W. Whitelaw, Follies | Shire Publications
This book defines what a folly is and shows that these architectural curiosities are to be found all over Britain. -- Paperback; March 2005; 64 pages; ISBN: 9780747806240
books  Britain  British_history  cultural_history  architecture  landscape  follies  gardens  country_homes 
march 2015 by dunnettreader
JULIAN GOODARE - The debts of James VI of Scotland | JSTOR - The Economic History Review New Series, Vol. 62, No. 4 (NOVEMBER 2009), pp. 926-952
James VI (1567–1625) was chronically indebted, and this caused him frequent problems. This article presents two series of systematic data that together indicate the main contours of his indebtedness: (1) end-of-year deficits, and (2) hived-off debts which the Crown left unpaid for long periods (sometimes permanently). The hived-off debts, reconstructed individually, constitute a narrative of fiscal policy-making. Instead of a large and catastrophic bankruptcy, James in effect had numerous small bankruptcies. He benefited from an emerging structure of Scottish domestic credit. He eventually repaid many of his debts after succeeding to the English throne in 1603. -- huge bibliography, mostly Scottish history -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  economic_history  political_history  16thC  17thC  James_I  Scotland  Britain  public_finance  fiscal_policy  deficit_finance  sovereign_debt  Crown_finance  financial_system  credit  bankruptcy  bibliography  downloaded  EF-add 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
Nigel Goose, review - Peter Borsay, Lindsay Proudfoot eds., Provincial Towns in Early Modern England and Ireland: Change, Convergence and Divergence | JSTOR - The Economic History Review Vol. 56, No. 3 (Aug., 2003), pp. 567-568
Mostly 18thC. The comparative angle forces the studies to focus on small towns in England, not covering where most of the rapid provincial urbanization was going on. That said, the overview chapters are excellent and the individual studies give a look at some areas not usually focused on. -- didn't download
books  reviews  jstor  economic_history  social_history  17thC  18thC  Britain  British_history  Ireland  urbanization  provinces  towns  rural  urban_development 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
T. G. Otte, review - Martin Horn, Britain, France, and the Financing of the First World War | JSTOR - The Economic History Review Vol. 56, No. 3 (Aug., 2003), pp. 578-579
Gives very high marks to both archival research and analysis - shows governance mechanisms and both cooperation and conflict, which varied over time from early (expectation of a short war) to the latter years when France was done for without external finance. Notes that Horn demolishes one of Niall Ferguson claims - so academic specialists were on to his questionable historiography on the economic policies of British Empire long before he became a joke on macroeconomics. Derives some of the conflict from the very different national objectives for "finance capital" for their respective nations and empires. Doesn't seem to get into the reparations problem. It appears the later part deals some with US loans, but transatlantic isn't a big focus. Also deals with some conflicts over support to specific allies e.g. Russia. Didn't download
books  reviews  jstor  economic_history  20thC  WWI  Britain  British_Empire  British_foreign_policy  France  French_Empire  financial_economics  international_finance  money_market  sovereign_debt  Russian_revolution  US_foreign_policy  financial_centers  financial_centers-London  WWI-finance 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
Réka Juhász: Temporary Protection and Technology Adoption: Evidence from the Napoleonic Blockade - LSE job market paper -Brad DeLong
Réka Juhász: Temporary Protection and Technology Adoption: Evidence from the Napoleonic Blockade: "I find that, in the short-run... ...regions in the French Empire which became better-protected from trade with the British for exogenous reasons during the Napoleonic Wars... increased capacity in... mechanised cotton spinning to a larger extent than regions which remained more exposed to trade. Temporary protection had long term effects.... Firms located in regions with higher post-war spinning capacity were more productive 30 years later.... After... peace, exports of cotton goods from France increased substantially, consistent with evolving comparative advantage in cottons.... As late as 1850, France and Belgium... had larger cotton spinning industries than other Continental European countries... not protected from British trade during the wars...
paper  downloaded  economic_history  industrialization  19thC  trade  protectionism  competition  infant_industries  Britain  France  Napoleonic_wars 
january 2015 by dunnettreader
- DAVID LEWIS JONES - British Parliaments and Assemblies: A Bibliography of Printed Materials (2009) Parliamentary History - Wiley Online Library
Each section a pdf downloaded to Note - combined, c 25,000 entries *--* Section 1: Preface, Introduction, The Westminster Parliament 1-4005. **--** Section 2: The Medieval Parliament 4006-4728 **--** Section 3: Tudor Parliaments 4729-5064 **--* Section 4: Stuart Parliaments 5063-6805 **--** Section 5: The Unreformed Parliament 1714-1832 6806-9589. **--** Section 6: The Reformed Parliament 1832-1918 9590-15067 **--** Section 7: Parliament 1918-2009 15068-21582. **--** Section 8: The Judicial House of Lords 21583-21835. -- The Palace of Westminster 21836-22457. -- The Irish Parliament 22458-23264 -- The Scottish Parliament (to 1707) 23265-23482 -- The New Devolved Assemblies 23483-23686 -- The Scottish Parliament (1999-) 23687-24251 -- Northern Ireland 24252-24563 -- The National Assembly for Wales 24537-24963 -- Minor Assemblies
bibliography  historiography  Medieval  medieval_history  15thC  16thC  17thC  18thC  19thC  20thC  21stC  political_culture  political_philosophy  political_economy  political_history  politics-and-religion  political_participation  political_press  legal_history  legal_system  legal_theory  British_history  British_politics  Britain  British_Empire  British_foreign_policy  English_constitution  British_Empire-constitutional_structure  monarchy  monarchy-proprietary  monarchical_republic  limited_monarchy  Parliament  Parliamentary_supremacy  House_of_Commons  House_of_Lords  sovereignty  government-forms  governing_class  government_finance  government_officials  Scotland  Ireland  Ireland-English_exploitation  elites  elite_culture  common_law  rule_of_law  1690s  1700s  1707_Union  1680s  Glorious_Revolution  Glorious_Revolution-Scotland  English_Civil_War  Three_Kingdoms  composite_monarchies  Absolutism  ancient_constitution  religion-established  Church_of_England  Reformation  reform-legal  reform-political  elections  franchise  state-building  opposition  parties  pa 
december 2014 by dunnettreader
Kenan Malik's 2009 Voltaire lecture on 'The Guilt of Science?: Race, Science and Darwinism'
By the end of the eighteenth century, then, scientists had constructed a taxonomy of nature into which humans could be fitted and out of which emerged the categories of race. This seems to lend credibility to the view that it is modernity itself, and in particular the Enlightenment, that give rise both to the idea of race and to the practice of racism. ‘Eighteenth century Europe was the cradle of racism’, the historian George Mosse, argues because ‘racism has its foundations’ in the Enlightenment ‘preoccupation with a rational universe, nature and aesthetics.’ To see why this is not the case, we need to look more closely at how Enlightenment thinkers viewed the concept of human differences. -- If any event could demonstrate the folly of giving into unreason, it is surely Nazism and the Holocaust. Yet now it is regarded as an expression of too much reason.There is no intrinsic link between the idea of race and a rational or scientific view of the world. On the contrary: what made ideas of race plausible were the growth of political sentiments hostile to both the rationalism and the humanism of the Enlightenment.
intellectual_history  cultural_history  17thC  18thC  19thC  20thC  racialism  species  biology  evolutionary_biology  Enlightenment  Counter-Enlightenment  Enlightenment_Project  humanism  anti-humanism  reason  Nazis  Holocaust  imperialism  slavery  civilizing_process  human_nature  diversity  historiography-18thC  social_theory  Social_Darwinism  Herder  Linnaeus  Locke  essentialism  essence  climate  stadial_theories  Romanticism  social_order  progress  atheism_panic  authority  class_conflict  bourgeoisie  liberalism  capitalism  equality  stratification  scientism  science_of_man  science-and-religion  positivism  social_sciences  France  Britain  British_Empire  Germany  Great_Powers  EF-add 
may 2014 by dunnettreader
James Narron and David Skeie - Crisis Chronicles: The South Sea Bubble of 1720—Repackaging Debt and the Current Reach for Yield - Liberty Street Economics
As we’ll see in upcoming posts, financial innovation—in this case the repackaging of debt—is a recurring theme in our review of historic crises. In this case, the South Sea Company structured the national debt in a way that was initially attractive to investors, but the scheme to finance the debt-for-equity swap ultimately proved to be noncredible and the market collapsed. Now fast-forward to 2013 and the five-year anniversary in September of Lehman Brothers’ failure. As Fed Governor Jeremy Stein pointed out in a recent speech, a combination of factors such as financial innovation, regulation, and a change in the economic environment, can sometimes contribute to an overheating of credit markets. Asset-backed securitization and collateralized debt obligations have returned with a bang—or perhaps a boom—and are on pace to exceed pre-crisis levels, perhaps fueled by investors’ reach for yield.
economic_history  18thC  Britain  South_Sea_Crisis  bubbles  financial_crisis  financial_innovation  EF-add 
november 2013 by dunnettreader
Fred Block & Margaret Somers - In the Shadow of Speenhamland: Social Policy and the Old Poor Law | Politics & Society (2003)
doi: 10.1177/0032329203252272 Politics & Society June 2003 vol. 31 no. 2 283-323

In 1996, the U.S. Congress passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act that ended the entitlement of poor families to government assistance. The debate leading up to that transformation in welfare policy occurred in the shadow of Speenhamland—an episode in English Poor Law history. This article revisits the Speenhamland episode to unravel its tangled history. Drawing on four decades of recent scholarship, the authors show that Speenhamland policies could not have had the consequences that have been attributed to them. The article ends with an alternative narrative that seeks to explain how the Speenhamland story became so deeply entrenched.
paper18thC  Britain  economic_history  social_history  political_history  moral_economy  Poor_Laws  Labor_markets  historical_sociology  historiography  EF-add 
october 2013 by dunnettreader
Douglas W. Allen - In defence of the institutional revolution - Springer
The Review of Austrian Economics
December 2013, Volume 26, Issue 4

I defend my thesis laid out in The Institutional Revolution against the comments made by McCloskey, Espin and Mokyr, and Langlois, who all believe that the weight of the great institutional transition is too great for my theory of measurement, and who all quibble with some aspects of my historical analysis. I argue that some of the comments fail to fully appreciate the Coasean approach, and that most of the historical comments miss the mark. I begin with a short discussion of Coase, and then turn to each author in turn.
books  kindle-available  reviews  economic_history  Great_Divergence  Industrial_Revolution  17thC  18thC  19thC  Britain  institutional_economics  transaction_costs  microeconomics  EF-add 
october 2013 by dunnettreader
Richard N. Langlois - The Institutional Revolution: A review essay - Springer
The Review of Austrian Economics
December 2013, Volume 26, Issue 4

This review essay discusses and appraises Douglas Allen’s The Institutional Revolution (2011) as a way of reflecting on the uses of the New Institutional Economics (NIE) in economic history. It praises and defends Allen’s method of asking “what economic problem were these institutions solving?” But it insists that such comparative-institutional analysis be imbedded within a deeper account of institutional change, one driven principally by changes – often endogenous changes – in the extent of the market and in relative scarcities. The essay supports its argument with a variety of examples of the NIE applied to economic history.
books  kindle-available  reviews  paywall  economic_history  17thC  18thC  19thC  Britain  Great_Divergence  Industrial_Revolution  institutional_economics  institutions  economic_sociology  historical_sociology  NIE  cultural_history  causation-social  change-social  EF-add 
october 2013 by dunnettreader
Joel Mokyr, José-Antonio Espín-Sánchez: The Institutional Revelation: A comment on Douglas W. Allen’s The Institutional Revolution - Springer
The Review of Austrian Economics
December 2013, Volume 26, Issue 4

Institutions are a central topic in economic history. Allen’s work differs in that he is interested in institutions per se, not as a means to economic performance and prosperity. The purpose of this book is to explain the institutions of the premodern world and to show why they changed. His argument is that in a Principal-Agent situation, before the Industrial Revolution, it was harder for the Principal to attribute whether the failure of the project was due to acts of nature or some acts of the agent, hence the “strange” institutions. In a modern world, with a much improved monitoring technology, we can use more “efficient” institutions, hence the Institutional Revolution. Although innovative and interesting, the author over-stresses his argument. Much more than monitoring in a principal-agent relationship is needed to explain the Industrial Revolution and the changes in institutions associated with it.
books  reviews  economic_history  17thC  18thC  19thC  Britain  Great_Divergence  Industrial_Revolution  institutional_economics  EF-add 
october 2013 by dunnettreader
Deirdre N. McCloskey: A comment on Douglas Allen’s The Institutional Revolution - Springer
The Review of Austrian Economics
December 2013, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 363-373

In his elegant book Douglas Allen claims that an improvement in the measurement of Nature made for lower transaction costs and the Industrial Revolution. His argument is a typical example of neo-institutionalism in the style of Douglass North (1990) and North et al. (2009). A fall in a wedge of inefficiency is supposed to provide Good Incentives, and the modern world. But the elimination of wedges lead merely to Harberger Triangles of improved efficiency—not to the factor of 100 in properly measured real income per head, which is the Great Enrichment 1800 to the present to be explained. Allen does yeoman work in explaining some of the peculiarities of British public administration, such as the reliance on aristocratic honor and on the prize system in naval warfare. But he attributes to public administration an implausible effect on private incomes. The merging of power and plenty is mistaken. Further, the alleged increase in a modern ability to measure marginal products is implausible. Large modern enterprises face greater, not smaller, problems of assessing the contribution of individuals. Allen’s book on measurement does not measure, and the probable order of magnitude of the items he focuses on is too small to explain any but the details of administration.
books  reviews  economic_history  Great_Divergence  Industrial_Revolution  Britain  17thC  18thC  institutional_economics  EF-add 
october 2013 by dunnettreader
Precocious Albion: A New Interpretation of the British Industrial Revolution by Morgan Kelly, Joel Mokyr, Cormac O'Grada :: SSRN
Downloaded pdf - Why was Britain the cradle of the Industrial Revolution? Answers vary: some focus on resource endowments, some on institutions, some on the role of empire. In this paper, we argue for the role of labour force quality or human capital. Instead of dwelling on mediocre schooling and literacy rates, we highlight instead the physical condition of the average British worker and his higher endowment of skills. These advantages meant that British workers were more productive and better paid than their Continental counterparts and better equipped to capitalize on the technological opportunities and challenges confronting them.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 34 - Date posted: September 4, 2013
economic_history  Great_Divergence  Industrial_Revolution  Britain  labor  Labor_markets  18thC  19thC  downloaded 
october 2013 by dunnettreader
Paul Krugman - Three Centuries of Debt and Interest Rates - NYTimes.com Oct 2013
Aha — somehow I didn’t know this existed. The Bank of England has produced some very, very long-term series; spreadsheet can be downloaded here. Here’s debt and interest rates since the Bank was founded: - chart from BoE Quarterly Bulletin paper (2010 Q4) - pdf downloaded - see pinboard bookmark
economic_history  Britain  UK_economy  sovereign_debt  interest_rates  capital_markets  18thC  19thC  20thC  Great_Recession  21stC  Bank_of_England 
october 2013 by dunnettreader
Sally Hills and Ryland Thomas: The UK recession in context — what do three centuries of data tell us? - Bank of England | Quarterly Bulletin 2010 Q4
From the TOC for 4thQ 2010 bulletin - Pdf downloaded - see Krugman as source of link - The UK recession in context — what do three centuries of data tell us? (178k)
By Sally Hills and Ryland Thomas of the Bank's Monetary Assessment and Strategy Division and Nicholas Dimsdale of The Queen's College, Oxford.
The Quarterly Bulletin has a long tradition of using historical data to help analyse the latest developments in the UK economy. To mark the Bulletin's 50th anniversary, this article places the recent UK recession in a long-run historical context. It draws on the extensive literature on UK economic history and analyses a wide range of macroeconomic and financial data going back to the 18th century. The UK economy has undergone major structural change over this period but such historical comparisons can provide lessons for the current economic situation.
The data annex is available in Excel format (575k).
economic_history  Britain  UK_economy  sovereign_debt  interest_rates  18thC  19thC  20thC  21stC  Great_Recession  Bank_of_England  capital_markets  downloaded 
october 2013 by dunnettreader
Freethinkers of the nineteenth century : Courtney, Janet Elizabeth Hogarth, 1865-1954 | Internet Archive
Author: Courtney, Janet Elizabeth Hogarth, 1865-1954
Subject: Maurice, Frederick Denison, 1805-1872; Arnold, Matthew, 1822-1888; Bradlaugh, Charles, 1833-1891; Huxley, Thomas Henry, 1825-1895; Stephen, Leslie, Sir, 1832-1904; Martineau, Harriet, 1802-1876; Kingsley, Charles, 1819-1875; Free thought -- England; Rationalism
Publisher: London : Chapman & Hall
books  online_texts  19thC  Britain  free-thinkers  religious_history  intellectual_history  religious_culture  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Traders: the East India Company & Asia : Exhibitions : What's on : RMG
About Traders
Traders: the East India Company and Asia is a new permanent gallery exploring Britain’s maritime trade with Asia, focusing on the role played by the East India Company.
16thC  17thC  18thC  19thC  Asia  Britain  British_Empire  East_India_Company  economic_history  social_history  cultural_history  globalization  trade  imperialism  website  exhibition  consumers  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Longitude? It’s patently obvious - Sept 20 2013 | Board of Longitude Project Blog
...pamphlets featured criticisms of each other’s proposals. ‘They’re all trying to con you but me’ became a standard argument in published longitude pamphlets. William Whiston was a particular target of criticism and satire for his 1714 proposal of using rockets sent up from ships moored at specific longitudes..... Whatever their source, despite contemporary satire longitude pamphlets entered the Patent Office Library as reference works. This was the result of changes in attitudes to inventing that such pamphlets slowly helped to foster. For the eighteenth century was the period in which patents were beginning to resemble their modern descendants: the same decades in which the authors of longitude pamphlets were attempting to attract backers for their inventions...... he vast majority of these longitude pamphlets (as well as those that satirise them) are now in the British Library, and therefore also available on Eighteenth-Century Collections Online (ECCO). What struck me as I worked on these sources is how many longitude proposals came to the BL through the Patent Office Library*. The Patent Office was established in 1852, its creation made possible by the passing of the Patent Law Amendment Act in July of that year, long after the Board of Longitude was disbanded in 1828. The Act demanded ‘true copies of all specifications to be open to the inspection of the public at the office of the Commissioners’ and from this requirement developed the Patent Office Library which opened on 5 March 18556.
18thC  19thC  Britain  economic_history  social_history  sociology_of_knowledge  economic_culture  Innovation  technology  maritime_history  intellectual_property  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Sam Fleischacker, Economics and the Ordinary Person: Re-reading Adam Smith (2004) | Library of Economics and Liberty
Far more important to Smith's work is the belief that ordinary people normally understand their own interests without help from politicians or professional philosophers. The distinctive mark of Smith's thought is his view of human cognition, not of human motivation: he is far more willing than practically any of his contemporaries to endorse the ability of ordinary people to know what they need to know in life. ......Smith's distrust of the ability of "systems"—whether philosophical, religious, or political—to improve human beings goes with a belief that what really provides us with moral education are the humble institutions of everyday social interaction, including the market. The foundation of all virtue for Smith is "self-command,"......The point of these famous lines is not that my butcher and baker are self-interested but that I know how to "address" that self-interest, that I know how to "shew them that it is for their own advantage" to do something that will help me. But my ability to address their interests takes me beyond myself, whatever it does to them; I must go beyond my own self-love in order to enlist theirs in my aid. And it is that ability to restrain our own self-love, and understand and further the interests of others, Smith says, that distinguishes human beings from other animals. -- downloaded pdf
article  18thC  Britain  Scottish_Enlightenment  Smith  intellectual_history  moral_philosophy  political_economy  egalitarian  cognition  lower_orders  self-interest  self-love  cooperation  downloaded 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Emma Griffin: A conundrum resolved? Courtship, marriage and the growth of population in eighteenth-century England. | Emma Griffin - Academia.edu
A cultural shift in marriage norms over the long 18thC has to be placed at the fore of explaining the downward shift in marriage age - earlier focus on economic explanation that economic growth allowed the earlier establishment of independent households leaves out the erosion of ability of communities to police marriage norms as economic mobility increased and competing norms or freedom to pursue individual preferences emerged. -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  Academia.edu  social_history  economic_history  cultural_history  demography  18thC  Britain  marriage  population  family  Industrial_Revolution  mobility  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
N. F. R. Crafts and C. K. Harley: Output Growth and the British Industrial Revolution: A Restatement of the Crafts-Harley View (1992)
JSTOR: The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 45, No. 4 (Nov., 1992), pp. 703-730 -- key paper in the sources and rate of economic growth during Industrial Revolution (1750-1850) -- responds to range of critics, including Hoppit, refining and clarifying views -- downloaded pdf to Note -- This paper reviews the debate concerning British industrial output growth between 1760 and 1830. The earlier indices by Crafts and Harley are revised in accordance with new data. Detailed technical discussion of key issues is provided in four appendices. The main results show that the general picture provided by the authors ten years ago is still acceptable-insofar as any adjustment is required the effect is slightly to lower the estimated growth rate, contrary to recent claims. The idea of the industrial revolution as an important discontinuity is reasserted.
article  jstor  economic_history  economic_growth  18thC  19thC  Britain  Industrial_Revolution  historiography  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Matias Vernengo: Crowding out and the Industrial Revolution July 2013 | NAKED KEYNESIANISM
Charts from Dickson re interest rates on UK bonds through 18thC and the interest rates spikes during War of Spanish Succession -- links to classic studies (JSTOR) estimating slower growth during 18thC and speculating on crowding out. Link to McColloch paper disputing that Bubble Act reduced industrial investment in 18thC. Vernengo doesn't mention either usury controls or, more important for his speculation that finance for investment grew only as demand grew, that Britain was most heavily taxed and relied increasingly on consumption taxes that would have an impact on growth of demand. Temin and Voth theory that focuses on banking, and less on capital markets (do they think Bubble Act was important? ), other than relations between banking system and sovereign debt market. Vernengo cites papers (including from 1950s) that see Bank of England providing liquidity to the whole system especially in 2nd half of 18thC through the expansion of the revenue collection and government spending process -- new country banks also collecting taxes and the government was spending large amounts on war. Vernengo mentions that in earlier post on same topic and McColloch paper. JSTOR papers are downloaded to Note
paper  article  jstor  links  political_economy  economic_history  18thC  Britain  public_finance  sovereign_debt  fiscal-military_state  fiscal_policy  taxes  interest_rates  Bubble_Act  Bank_of_England  economic_growth  investment  financial_regulation  banking  War_of_Spanish_Succession  Industrial_Revolution  crowding_out  financial_repression  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Darrick N. Taylor -thesis - L'Estrange His Life: Public and Persona in the Life and Career of Sir Roger L'Estrange, 1616-1704 (2011)
KU ScholarWorks: Authors: Taylor, Darrick N. Advisors: Clark, Jonathan C.D. .....Downloaded pdf to Note..... The subject of this dissertation is the life and career of Roger L'Estrange, who was a licenser of Books and Surveyor of the Press for Charles II, as well as a royalist pamphleteer. It seeks to answer the question of how conceptions of public and private changed in late seventeenth century England be examining the career of L'Estrange, which involved him in many of the major pamphlet campaigns of the Restoration period. It argues that there was no stable "public sphere" in seventeenth century England, one that clearly marked it off from a private sphere of domesticity. It argues that the classical notion of office, in which reciprocal obligation and duty were paramount, was the basic presupposition of public but also private life, and that the very ubiquity of ideals of office holding made it semantically impossible to distinguish a stable public realm from a private one. Furthermore, the dissertation also argues that the presupposition of officium not only provided the basis for understanding relationships between persons but also of individual identity in seventeenth century England. It argues that L'Estrange saw his own identity in terms of the offices he performed, and that his individual identity was shaped by the antique notion of persona--of a mask that one wears, when performing a role--than to modern notions of individual identity. Lastly, it will argue that people in seventeenth century England still understood their world in terms of offices, but that changes in the way they understood office, visible in L'Estrange's writings, helped prepare the way for the reception of more modern ideas about public and private spheres that would eventually come to fruition in the nineteenth century.
thesis  cultural_history  political_history  political_culture  17thC  Britain  British_politics  Restoration  Exclusion_Crisis  Glorious_Revolution  1680s  1690s  1700s  L'Estrange  Charles_II  James_II  Whigs  Tories  political_press  pamphlets  censorship  propaganda  politics-and-religion  public_sphere  office  persona  identity  self  obligation  moral_philosophy  domesticity  bibliography  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Margot K. Louis - Gods and Mysteries: The Revival of Paganism and the Remaking of Mythography through the Nineteenth Century (2005)
Project MUSE - Victorian Studies Volume 47, Number 3, Spring 2005 pp. 329-361 -- paywall -- From 1800 to the 1920s, the evolution of mythography both informed and was informed by wider cultural developments: the great and difficult project of replacing that Christian mythos that for so long formed the imaginative core of Western culture; the struggle between the drive toward transcendence and a reviving reverence for the material world and its seasonal cycles; the brief but culturally significant dominance of pessimism and, in reaction, the celebration of fertility and the life force. The pressure of these very nineteenth-century concerns redefined the study of ancient Greek religion in this era. Throughout the period, we find a recurrent insistence that the mythology of the ancient Greeks (specifically, that of Homer) is less deeply, less truly religious than the Mystery cults of the chthonian deities Persephone, Dionysos, and Adonis. To trace the variations on this theme through the mythography and literature of the period is to see the era's religious attitudes in the very process of formation...... British mythographers were hampered even more than their German contemporaries by the need to conciliate a strong evangelical lobby deeply suspicious of paganism in any form. Romantic and Victorian poetry, however, offered a field in which myth could be used, revised, and even explicitly discussed with more freedom than was available to scholars at the time. 
article  Project_MUSE  19thC  Britain  literary_history  intellectual_history  religious_history  religious_culture  cultural_history  myth  scholarship  ancient_Greece  Hellenism  pagans  Evangelical  poetry  Romanticism  Victorian 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Amazon.com: Coleridge and Scepticism (Oxford English Monographs) eBook: Ben Brice: Books
Although Coleridge intuitively felt that nature had been constructed as a 'mirror' of the human mind, and that both mind and nature were 'mirrors' of a transcendent spiritual realm, he never found an explanation of such experiences that was fully immune to his own skeptical doubts. Coleridge and Scepticism examines the nature of these skeptical doubts, as well as offering a new explanatory account of why Coleridge was unable to affirm his religious intuitions. Ben Brice situates his work within two important intellectual traditions. The first, a tradition of epistemological 'piety' or 'modesty', informs the work of key precursors such as Kant, Hume, Locke, Boyle, and Calvin, and relates to Protestant critiques of natural reason. The second, a tradition of theological voluntarism, emphasizes the omnipotence and transcendence of God, as well as the arbitrary relationship subsisting between God and the created world. Brice argues that Coleridge's detailed familiarity with both of these interrelated intellectual traditions, ultimately served to undermine his confidence in his ability to read the symbolic language of God in nature...... Introduction. I. Theological Voluntarism and Protestant Critiques of Natural Reason. II. Hume's 'Fork': Scepticism and Natural Religion. III. 'That Uncertain Heaven': Coleridge's Poetry and Prose 1795 to 1805. IV. Between Flesh and Spirit: Coleridge's Prose Writings 1815 to 1825. Conclusion.
books  kindle-available  18thC  19thC  intellectual_history  English_lit  Britain  theology  voluntarism  God-attributes  natural_religion  scepticism  Romanticism  nature  mind  Coleridge  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Paul E. Lovejoy and David Richardson: 'This Horrid Hole': Royal Authority, Commerce and Credit at Bonny, 1690-1840 (2004)
JSTOR: The Journal of African History, Vol. 45, No. 3 (2004), pp. 363-392 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- This article suggests that differences in local political structures and credit protection regimes largely account for Bonny's displacement of Old Calabar as the principal slave port of the Bight of Biafra in the eighteenth century, despite Bonny's reputation for being particularly unhealthy for Europeans. We argue that this displacement occurred in the 1730s, several decades earlier than previously thought. We suggest that this was made possible by the early growth and consolidation of royal authority at Bonny. The use of state authority to enforce credit arrangements in Bonny proved more effective than the mechanisms adopted at its closest rival, Old Calabar, where, in the absence of a centralized political authority similar to the monarchy at Bonny, credit protection before 1807 was based on pawnship.
article  jstor  economic_history  economic_sociology  institutional_economics  17thC  18thC  19thC  Africa  Britain  British_Empire  slavery  trade  credit  finance_capital  Atlantic  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Emily Erikson and Peter Bearman: Malfeasance and the Foundations for Global Trade: The Structure of English Trade in the East Indies, 1601–1833 (2006)
JSTOR: American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 112, No. 1 (July 2006), pp. 195-230 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- Drawing on a remarkable data set compiled from ships’ logs, journals, factory correspondence, ledgers, and reports that provide unusually precise information on each of the 4,572 voyages taken by English traders of the East India Company (hereafter EIC), we describe the EIC trade network over time, from 1601 to 1833. From structural images of voyages organized by shipping seasons, the authors map (over time and space) the emergence of dense, fully integrated, global trade networks to reveal globalization long before what is now called “globalization.” The authors show that the integration of the world trade system under the aegis of the EIC was the unintended by‐product of systematic individual malfeasance (private trading) on the part of ship captains seeking profit from internal Eastern trade.
article  jstor  economic_history  economic_sociology  17thC  18thC  19thC  British_Empire  Britain  East_India_Company  globalization  trade  networks  monopolies  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
John Berdell: Interdependence and independence in Cantillon's Essai (2009) | T & F Online
The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Volume 16, Issue 2, 2009, pages 221- 249, Available online: 18 Jun 2009, DOI: 10.1080/09672560902890988 -- paywall -- Cantillon's contribution to economic thought is widely understood to lie in his systematic examination of economic interconnectedness. The model developed here brings profits fully into price determination, casts additional light on Cantillon's treatment of distribution, and provides the first extended analysis of the policy recommendations found in part one of his Essai. These anti-urban policies are examined in relation to French urbanization and William Petty's analysis of Irish economic development.Entrepreneurial risk-bearing is central to the Essai and this model, yet for Cantillon landlord tastes determine the economy's equilibrium position. This view is mirrored in his treatment of class mobility: only by becoming landed proprietors can entrepreneurs escape dependence and become independent or autonomous determiners of society. Indeed, social mobility actually accounts for the ‘independence’ of the landed proprietors as a group. Rent's special role stems not so much from the nature of land or agriculture – as Physiocracy would emphasize – as from the nature of the social forces determining its ownership.Keywords: : Cantillon , classical economics , income distribution , Petty , demography
article  paywall  economic_history  economic_theory  intellectual_history  18thC  France  Britain  Ireland  Cantillon  Petty_William  landowners  mobility  status  social_order  elites  urbanization  demography  entrepreneurs  landed_interest  profit  distribution-income  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
David Stasavage: Credible Commitment in Early Modern Europe: North and Weingast Revisited (2002)
JSTOR: Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization, Vol. 18, No. 1 (Apr., 2002), pp. 155-186 -- to check - already in EF? -- This article proposes a revision to existing arguments that institutions of limited government (characterized by multiple veto points) improve the ability of governments to credibly commit. Focusing on the issue of sovereign indebtedness, I present a simple framework for analyzing credibility problems in an economy divided between owners of land and owners of capital. I then argue that establishing multiple veto points can improve credibility, but whether this takes place depends upon the structure of partisan interests in a society, on the existence of cross-issue coalitions, and on the extent to which management of government debt is delegated. I develop several propositions to take account of these factors and evaluate them with historical evidence from eighteenth century England and France. The results show that incorporating these additional factors can help to explain a broader range of phenomena than is accounted for in existing studies.
article  jstor  economic_history  financial_system  institutional_economics  North-Weingast  17thC  18thC  Britain  France  British_politics  Whig_Junto  public_finance  sovereign_debt  bibliography  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Paul R. Sharp and Jacob L. Weisdorf: French revolution or industrial revolution? A note on the contrasting experiences of England and France up to 1800 - Springer
Springer full text html -- At the end of the eighteenth century, England and France both underwent revolutions: France the French Revolution, England the industrial revolution. This note sheds new light on these contrasting experiences in the histories of England and France by looking at the evolution of real consumer prices in London and Paris in the centuries leading up to 1800. Whilst in London, building workers were facing low and stable consumer prices over the period, leaving plenty of scope for a demand-driven consumer revolution (in particular after 1650), their Parisian counterparts had to engage in a year-long grind to maintain a decent living, and often had to cut consumption to make ends meet. The exercise conducted in the present paper gives a quantitative and economic underpinning to the notion that the French revolution did not arise out of nowhere, but rather had its roots in centuries of hardship amongst working class people as they struggled to make a living. -- This paper was presented at the ‘International Comparison of Output and Productivity in History’ session at the XV World Economic History Congress in Utrecht in 2009. -- Keywords Consumer revolution French revolution Great divergence Industrious revolution Industrial revolution Labour input
article  economic_history  economic_culture  economic_growth  17thC  18thC  Britain  France  London  Paris  Labor_markets  wages  Industrial_Revolution  consumers  consumer_demand  French_Revolution  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Tim Leunig, Chris Minns and Patrick Wallis: Networks in the Premodern Economy: The Market for London Apprenticeships, 1600—1749 (2011)
JSTOR: The Journal of Economic History, Vol. 71, No. 2 (JUNE 2011), pp. 413-443 -- Cambridge paywall but jstor has references -- We examine the role of social and geographical networks in structuring entry into premodern London's skilled occupations. Newly digitized apprenticeship indenture records for 1600—1749 offer little evidence that personal ties strongly shaped apprentice recruitment. The typical London apprentices had no identifiable tie to their master through kin or place of origin. Migrant apprentices' fathers were generally outside the craft sector. The apprenticeship market was strikingly open: well-to-do families accessed a wide range of apprenticeships, and would-be apprentices could match ability and aptitude to opportunity. This fluidity aided human capital formation, with obvious implications for economic development.
article  jstor  paywall  economic_history  social_history  17thC  18thC  Britain  London  Labor_markets  mobility  human_capital  networks  bibliography  Great_Divergence 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Lawrence Stone: Social Mobility in England, 1500-1700 (1966)
JSTOR: Past & Present, No. 33 (Apr., 1966), pp. 16-55 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- work connected with his Crisis of the Aristocracy heavily cited and people have been working to revise Stone's approach and conclusions -- look for updated articles etc on status and mobility debates
article  jstor  Britain  16thC  17thC  social_history  economic_history  economic_sociology  political_economy  status  social_order  aristocracy  elites  landowners  labor  agriculture  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Stephen Broadberry and Bishnupriya Gupta: The Early Modern Great Divergence: Wages, Prices and Economic Development in Europe and Asia, 1500-1800 (2006)
JSTOR: The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 59, No. 1 (Feb., 2006), pp. 2-31 -- Contrary to the claims of Pomeranz, Parthasarathi, and other 'world historians', the prosperous parts of Asia between 1500 and 1800 look similar to the stagnating southern, central, and eastern parts of Europe rather than the developing north-western parts. In the advanced parts of India and China, grain wages were comparable to those in north-western Europe, but silver wages, which conferred purchasing power over tradable goods and services, were substantially lower. The high silver wages of north-western Europe were not simply a monetary phenomenon, but reflected high productivity in the tradable sector. The 'great divergence' between Europe and Asia was already well underway before 1800. -- I think Robert Allen uses some of this price and wage data for his theory re why capital technology took off faster in Britain when combined with energy resources
article  jstor  Great_Divergence  economic_history  economic_growth  prices  wages  Britain  Europe-Early_Modern  China  India  Asia  17thC  18thC  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
E. A. Wrigley: The Divergence of England: The Growth of the English Economy in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries: The Prothero Lecture (2000)
JSTOR: Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Sixth Series, Vol. 10 (2000), pp. 117-141 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- though it's part of Great Divergence debates, Wrigley focus on Britain during 17thC and 18thC and his economic_history work is worth special attention
article  jstor  Great_Divergence  economic_history  Britain  Europe-Early_Modern  economic_growth  political_economy  population  agriculture  trade  industry  colonialism  British_Empire  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Kenneth Pomeranz: (response to P Huang) Beyond the East-West Binary: Resituating Development Paths in the Eighteenth-Century World (2002)
JSTOR: The Journal of Asian Studies, Vol. 61, No. 2 (May, 2002), pp. 539-590 -- Great Divergence debates - this one between Huang and Pomeranz -- Huang original article titled " Development or Involution in Eighteenth-Century Britain and China?"
article  jstor  Great_Divergence  economic_history  historical_sociology  historiography  China  Europe-Early_Modern  Britain  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Review essay by: Philip C. C. Huang - The Great Divergence: China, Europe, and the Making of the Modern World Economy by Kenneth Pomeranz (2002)
JSTOR: The Journal of Asian Studies, Vol. 61, No. 2 (May, 2002), pp. 501-538 -- Great Divergence debates - this one between Huang and Pomeranz with follow up by Pomeranz - see response article - this article titled " Development or Involution in Eighteenth-Century Britain and China?"
article  jstor  Great_Divergence  economic_history  historical_sociology  historiography  China  Europe-Early_Modern  Britain  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
R. Bin Wong: Early Modern Economic History in the Long Run - Returning to the Early Modern World from the Postmodern One (2004)
JSTOR: Science & Society, Vol. 68, No. 1 (Spring, 2004), pp. 80-90 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- starts with big picture historiography questions re change, causation, directions or patterns in history -- are master narratives dead or worth trying to at least inquire then becomes another response to Duschene
article  jstor  historiography  postmodern  Great_Divergence  social_sciences-post-WWII  economic_history  social_history  political_economy  social_theory  historical_sociology  Britain  China  Europe-Early_Modern  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Ricardo Duchesne: The Post-Malthusian World Began in Western Europe in the Eighteenth Century: A Reply to Goldstone and Wong (2003)
JSTOR: Science & Society, Vol. 67, No. 2 (Summer, 2003), pp. 195-205 -- Symposium on Eurocentrism, Sinocentrism, and World History in which Wong and Goldstone attack Duchsene for his critical review of Gunter Frank in which D. maintained Britain had broken through Malthusian limit in 18thC so rejected Wong and Goldstone comparison with China in 18thC as if they were at same point and that 19thC takeoff was contingent that it happened only in England. Symposium includes paper by Wong, Goldstone and response by Duchsene. Recent historiography helpful, though most of debate precedes Pomerantz.
article  jstor  economic_history  historical_sociology  Great_Divergence  China  Europe-Early_Modern  Britain  American_colonies  colonialism  empires  historiography  bibliography  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Jack A. Goldstone: Europe Vs. Asia: Missing Data and Misconceptions (2003)
JSTOR: Science & Society, Vol. 67, No. 2 (Summer, 2003), pp. 184-195 -- Symposium on Eurocentrism, Sinocentrism, and World History in which Wong and Goldstone attack Duchsene for his critical review of Gunter Frank in which D. maintained Britain had broken through Malthusian limit in 18thC so rejected Wong and Goldstone comparison with China in 18thC as if they were at same point and that 19thC takeoff was contingent that it happened only in England. Symposium includes paper by Wong, Goldstone and response by Duchsene. Recent historiography helpful, though most of debate precedes Pomeranz.
article  jstor  economic_history  historical_sociology  Great_Divergence  China  Europe-Early_Modern  Britain  historiography  bibliography  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
R. Bin Wong: Beyond Sinocentrism and Eurocentrism (2003)
JSTOR: Science & Society, Vol. 67, No. 2 (Summer, 2003), pp. 173-184 - introduction to Symposium on Eurocentrism, Sinocentrism, and World History in which Wong and Goldstone attack Duchsene for his critical review of Gunter Frank in which D. maintained Britain had broken through Malthusian limit in 18thC so rejected Wong and Goldstone comparison with China in 18thC as if they were at same point and that 19thC takeoff was contingent that it happened only in England. Symposium includes paper by Wong, Goldstone and response by Duchsene. Recent historiography helpful, though most of debate precedes Pomerantz.
article  jstor  Great_Divergence  historiography  bibliography  economic_history  historical_sociology  China  Europe-Early_Modern  Britain  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Sara Pennell: Consumption and Consumerism in Early Modern England (1999)
JSTOR: The Historical Journal, Vol. 42, No. 2 (Jun., 1999), pp. 549-564 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- Consumption studies have arguably transformed the study of early modern cultural history in the past three decades, with the championing of previously neglected sources, application of interdisciplinary approaches, and exploration of the mentalities of acquisition, ownership, and use. But does the accumulation of writing about consuming and consumption in this period amount to much more than the historical equivalent of window-shopping? It is argued here that greater attention to the consumers as much as the consumed, to the motivations for consuming rather than the act of consumption alone, offers a way out of the explanatory cul-de-sac reached by over-indulgence in the early modern `world of goods'.
article  jstor  cultural_history  social_theory  economic_history  consumerism  17thC  18thC  Britain  historiography  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Helen Berry: Polite Consumption: Shopping in Eighteenth-Century England (2002)
JSTOR: Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Sixth Series, Vol. 12 (2002), pp. 375-394 -- Shopping was increasingly seen as a potentially pleasurable activity for middling and upper sorts in Hanoverian England, a distinctive yet everyday part of life, especially in London. This survey considers the emergence of a polite shopping culture at this time, and presents a 'browse-bargain' model as a framework for considering contemporary references to shopping in written records and literary texts. The decline of polite shopping is charted with reference to the rise of cash-only businesses at the end of the century, and the shift towards a more hurried and impersonal form of shopping noted by early nineteenth-century shopkeepers, assistants and customers.
article  jstor  cultural_history  economic_history  18thC  Britain  London  consumers  sociability  politeness  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
JON STOBART: Gentlemen and shopkeepers: supplying the country house in eighteenth-century England (2011)
JSTOR: The Economic History Review, Vol. 64, No. 3 (AUGUST 2011), pp. 885-904 -- Wiley - STOBART, J. (2011), Gentlemen and shopkeepers: supplying the country house in eighteenth-century England. The Economic History Review, 64: 885–904. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-0289.2010.00562.x -- The country house is well recognized as a site of elite patronage, an important vehicle of social and political ambition, and a statement of power and taste. Yet we know relatively little about the networks of supply and purchasing patterns of rural elites, or about how their practices related to broader changes in material culture. Drawing on a large sample of bills and receipts of the Leigh family of Stoneleigh in Warwickshire, this article recreates the processes through which the material culture of the family home was constructed. These reveal London as the source for many highquality goods, although the pattern of supply was not a simple dichotomy of localeveryday and metropolitan-luxury purchases. They also show the large number of shopkeepers patronized as the Leighs spread their purchases through choice, convenience, and expediency. Relating this to wider conceptions of consumption, the Leighs emerge as engaging in layered and sometimes conflicting consumer cultures. They were concerned with fashion as novelty and a marker of rank; but they also valued traditional markers of status. Social distinction was achieved through a continued emphasis on title and lineage as much as fashion or taste—value systems that were unavailable to the middling sorts.
article  Wiley  paywall  cultural_history  economic_history  18thC  Britain  London  country_house  elites  consumers  status  fashion  patronage  lineage  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Luisa Calè - Gray’s Ode and Walpole’s China Tub:The Order of the Book and The Paper Lives of an Object (2011) - Eighteenth-Century Studies
Project MUSE -- downloaded pdf to Note -- This essay tracks the inscriptions and disseminations of Thomas Gray’s “Ode on the Death of A Favourite Cat drowned in a Tub of Gold Fishes” and of Horace Walpole’s china tub. An incongruous element of chinoiserie in the Gothic fabric of Strawberry Hill, the tub marks the intersections between the orders of the collection, the house, and the book. Building on Michel Foucault’s analysis of the orders of things and the unities of discourse, this essay follows the paper-trail of the object and the poem through their inscription and extra-illustration in books that prove unstable repositories in a dynamic order of collecting. -- some interesting factoids re Sir Robert Walpole, his houses, his 1st wife
article  cultural_history  literary_history  18thC  Britain  Walpole_Horace  collections  interiors  design  poetry  sociability  Walpole 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Adam R. Beach: The Creation of a Classical Language in the Eighteenth Century: Standardizing English, Cultural Imperialism, and the Future of the Literary Canon (2001)
JSTOR: Texas Studies in Literature and Language, Vol. 43, No. 2 (SUMMER 2001), pp. 117-141 -- good bibliography both primary sources and recent work especially on Scottish Enlightenment like Mondobo and Kames with linguistic theories linked to theories of stadial history of civilizing process - fears native languages and dialects of periphery of Three Kingdoms made Britain "barbariand" -- ambitions for English to become 3rd classical language with analogies to Rome
article  jstor  literary_history  intellectual_history  language  imperialism  18thC  19thC  Britain  Scottish_Enlightenment  English_lit  canon  historiography-18thC  British_Empire  Three_Kingdoms  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Noah Heringman: The Style of Natural Catastrophes (2003)
JSTOR: Huntington Library Quarterly, Vol. 66, No. 1/2 (2003), pp. 97-133 -- discusses David Mallett 1728 poem as well as 1750s eartquakes
article  jstor  literary_history  history_of_science  18thC  Britain  nature  catastrophe  geology  style  aesthetics  sublime  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
James H. Bunn: The Aesthetics of British Mercantilism (1980)
JSTOR: New Literary History, Vol. 11, No. 2 (Winter, 1980), pp. 303-321 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- heavily cited
article  jstor  cultural_history  literary_history  17thC  18thC  Britain  mercantilism  consumerism  trade  exotic  popular_culture  collections  design  style  aesthetics  taste  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
J. T. Peacey: Nibbling at "Leviathan": Politics and Theory in England in the 1650s (1998)
JSTOR: Huntington Library Quarterly, Vol. 61, No. 2 (1998), pp. 241-257 -- corrects or elaborates Skinner assumptions re writers who picked up some Hobbesian elements after Leviathan published -- difficulty establishing intentions and reception for "context"
article  jstor  intellectual_history  political_philosophy  17thC  Britain  Interregnum  Hobbes  political_press  Cambridge_School  historiography  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Patricia Springborg: Mary Astell (1666-1731), Critic of Locke (1995)
JSTOR: The American Political Science Review, Vol. 89, No. 3 (Sep., 1995), pp. 621-633 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- In the now considerable literature reevaluating the reception of Locke's Two Treatises, no mention has been made of perhaps his first systematic critic, the commissioned Tory political pamphleteer, Mary Astell. Contemporaneous with Charles Leslie, who is usually credited with the honor, Astell had diagnosed Locke's political argument by 1705 and perhaps as early as 1700. Why has her contribution remained unacknowledged for so long? It is argued here that for too long commentators have been looking for the wrong person in the wrong place. Astell correctly saw that Locke's political philosophy was inextricable from his psychological and theological systems, addressing all three in works that were political, theological and homiletic. But why Locke, and why in 1700-1705? Did Astell already know the authorship of the Two Treatises, only officially established in 1704 with the publication of the codicil to Locke's will?
article  jstor  intellectual_history  political_philosophy  moral_philosophy  theology  epistemology  17thC  18thC  Britain  Locke  Astell  Church_of_England  Tories  Whigs  Glorious_Revolution  1700s  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Gerald P. Bodet: Sir Edward Coke's Third Institutes: A Primer for Treason Defendants (1970)
JSTOR: The University of Toronto Law Journal, Vol. 20, No. 4 (Autumn, 1970), pp. 469-477 -- downloaded pdf to Note
article  jstor  17thC  Britain  legal_history  political_history  commercial_law  James_I  Charles_I  treason  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Mark Goldie: John Locke's Circle and James II (1992)
JSTOR: The Historical Journal, Vol. 35, No. 3 (Sep., 1992), pp. 557-586 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- James II's grant of religious toleration and his invitation to the whigs to return to office dramatically changed the English political scene and created profound dilemmas for the crown's former enemies. Although there is ambiguity in their responses, and although Locke himself remained an immovable exile, his circle of friends took advantage of these changes. This included nomination to James's proposed tolerationist parliament, an accommodation which damaged them in the actual elections to the Convention of 1689. Some took office, and in at least two cases Locke's associates published pamphlets in support of the king. By exploring the politics of the Lockean whigs a contradiction in earlier views is resolved. For whilst Richard Ashcraft has argued that Locke's circle remained unremittingly hostile to James and engaged in clandestine plotting, other sources identify the same people as among the king's `whig collaborators'. The chief actors in Locke's circle are Edward Clarke, Sir Walter Yonge, Richard Duke and Richard Burthogge.
article  jstor  political_history  Britain  British_politics  tolerance  Whigs-Radicals  Locke  James_II  downloaded  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Review essay: Lawrence E. Klein: (18thC) Time of Progress? (1992)
JSTOR: Journal of British Studies, Vol. 31, No. 3 (Jul., 1992), pp. 294-300 -- Works reviewed: mainly a comparison of two approaches to intellectual and cultural history (1) non-contextual "history of ideas" in The Idea of Progress in Eighteenth-Century Britainby David Spadafora; and (2) contextual, self-fashioning réflexive practice in Breaking and Remaking: Aesthetic Practice in England, 1700-1820 by Ronald Paulson. Klein sees (1) as missing what was really going on in 18thC, and Pauldon's focus on iconoclasm is surely too narrow a view for 18thC compexity. Totalizing theories of analytical categories don't work. ---- also Life in the Georgian City by Dan Cruickshank; Neil Burton; (lots of architecture and building practices, mostly Georgian single-famiky & covered in prior Cruickshank books) --**-- Corruption and Progress: The Eighteenth-Century Debate by Malcolm R. Jack (dreadful)
books  reviews  intellectual_history  cultural_history  Britain  18thC  English_lit  progress  Pope  Swift  art_history  Hogarth  aesthetics  patronage  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Amanda Vickery: Golden Age to Separate Spheres? A Review of the Categories and Chronology of English Women's History (1993)
JSTOR: The Historical Journal, Vol. 36, No. 2 (Jun., 1993), pp. 383-414 -- downloaded pdf to Note -- Two very powerful stories structure the history of the changing roles of English women. The tale of the nineteenth-century separation of the spheres of public power and private domesticity relates principally to the experience of middle-class women. The other story, emerging from early modern scholarship, recounts the social and economic marginalization of propertied women and the degradation of working women as a consequence of capitalism. Both narratives echo each other in important ways, although strangely the capacity of women's history to repeat itself is rarely openly discussed. This paper critically reviews the two historiographies in order to open debate on the basic categories and chronologies we employ in discussing the experience, power and identity of women in past time.
article  jstor  social_theory  cultural_history  historiography  Britain  15thC  16thC  17thC  18thC  19thC  British_history  women  women-work  women-property  public_sphere 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
Amy Louise Erickson: Common Law versus Common Practice: The Use of Marriage Settlements in Early Modern England (1990)
JSTOR: The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 43, No. 1 (Feb., 1990), pp. 21-39 -- The most common understanding of a marriage settlement is strict settlement, which entailed land on a succession of eldest sons. Less well known is the settlement for a married women's 'separate estate', which gave her an independent income in circumvention of the common law. The use of both these varieties of marriage settlement was limited to the very wealthy. However, new sources examined here show that more ordinary people, from the lesser gentry down to yeomen, husbandmen, and even labourers, also employed marriage settlements. The principal purpose of these people's settlements was the protection of the wife's property rights, although 'separate estate' was never mentioned.
article  jstor  economic_history  social_history  Britain  16thC  17thC  18thC  property  common_law  equity  marriage  women-property  EF-add 
september 2013 by dunnettreader
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