cluebucket + science   28

How Smart Is a City Raccoon?
crystallized intelligence (assoc w/ experience) and fluid intelligence ("ability to think logically and solve problems in novel situations, independent of acquired knowledge")... city raccoons got'em
via Tbeck  raccoon  animal  behavior  intelligence  city  urban  rural  development  evolution  brain  toronto  canada  study  science  nautilus_magazine  logic  experiement  jude_isabella  2016  2010s  skill  invention  trash 
april 2016 by cluebucket
German Forest Ranger Finds That Trees Have Social Networks, Too - The New York Times
“You see how the thick branches point away from each other? That’s so they don’t block their buddy’s light.”

He felled old trees and sprayed logs with insecticides... "I thought, 'What am I doing? I'm making everything kaput.'"
germany  peter_wohlleben  2016  2010s  tree  plant  beech  sally_mcgrane  nytimes  forest  ranger  author  book  life  biology  science  hidden_life  nonfiction  mythology  behavior  forestry  nature 
february 2016 by cluebucket
Transgender People Can Explain Why Women Don't Advance at Work | New Republic
"He was more carefully listened to and his authority less frequently questioned. He stopped being interrupted in meetings. At one conference, another scientist said, 'Ben gave a great seminar today—but then his work is so much better than his sister's.' (The scientist didn't know Ben and Barbara were the same person.) 'This is why women are not breaking into academic jobs at any appreciable rate,' he wrote in response to Larry Summers’s famous gaffe implying women were less innately capable at the hard sciences. 'Not childcare. Not family responsibilities,' he says. 'I have had the thought a million times: I am taken more seriously.'”
science  career  society  trans  gender  bias  gender_roles  perception  work  office  skill  perspective  jessica_nordell  2014  2010s  ben_barres  stanford  transition  joan_roughgarden  discrimination  patriarchy  personality 
december 2015 by cluebucket
Miami is Flooding - The New Yorker
“We have a triple whammy,” [Obeysekera] said. “One whammy is sea-level rise. Another whammy is the water table comes up higher, too. And in this area the higher the water table, the less space you have to absorb storm water. The third whammy is if the rainfall extremes change, and become more extreme. There are other whammies probably that I haven’t mentioned."
“I have called the city of Miami,” the first sister said. “And they said it’s just the moon. But I don’t think it’s the moon anymore.”

in all srsness, goodbye Miami...
tide  moon  coast  beach  island  miami  florida  flood  climate_change  water  sea_level  topography  2015  2010s  environment  prediction  land  america  disaster  newyorker  elizabeth_kolbert  science  research  greenland  arctic  ice  glacier  everglades  republican  denial  marco_rubio  rick_scott  al_gore 
december 2015 by cluebucket
Bill Nye: Can We Stop Telling Women What to Do With Their Bodies? | Big Think
"Many, many, many, many more hundreds of eggs are fertilized than become humans... But that’s not all you need. You have to attach to the uterine wall, the inside of a womb, a woman’s womb. But if you’re going to hold that as a standard, that is to say if you’re going to say when an egg is fertilized it’s therefore has the same rights as an individual, then whom are you going to sue? Whom are you going to imprison?"

"To squander resources on this argument based on bad science, on this lack of understanding... it's frustrating."  bill_nye  uterus  egg  scientist  science  abortion  rights  body  2015  2010s  logic  understanding  women  men  law  ignorance  video  frustration  education  patriarchy 
december 2015 by cluebucket
The Neurobiology of a Break-Up: 5 Things to Expect (And How to Get Through) — Everyday Feminism
Cortisol is a stress hormone - Dopamine seeks out pleasure - Norepinephrine makes you highly excitable - Serotonin is a mood stabilizer

"When you’re going through a break-up, your serotonin drops as your cortisol increases, which makes your brain pump out dopamine, which produces norepinephrine...

"In other words, when you’re in the process of trying to get over someone, all of the hormones that make you anxious and energetic are high, and the one that keeps you stable is low."  biology  brain  breakup  relationship  love  hormone  emotion  neurobiology  feminism  melissa_fabello  cortisol  dopamine  norepinephrine  serotonin  rejection  nostalgia  frustration  2015  2010s  science  obsession  self-care  self-help  tip  advice  panic  anger  grief  amygdala  despair  zinc  depression  health  helen_fisher  energy  anxiety 
october 2015 by cluebucket
How a Computer Predicts Schizophrenia and Psychosis - The Atlantic
“'In our study, we found that minimal semantic coherence—the flow of meaning from one sentence to the next—was characteristic of those young people at risk who later developed psychosis ... It was not the average. What this means is that over 45 minutes of interviewing, these young people had at least one occasion of a jarring disruption in meaning from one sentence to the next. As an interviewer, if my mind wandered briefly, I might miss it. But a computer would pick it up.'"
adrienne_lafrance  theatlantic  computer  health  speech  schizophrenia  mental_health  2015  2010s  psychosis  psychology  brain  prediction  algorithm  cognition  semantics  guillermo_cecchi  language  cheryl_corcoran  gillinder_bedi  study  science 
september 2015 by cluebucket
Empathy Is Actually a Choice - The New York Times
"An experiment... found that even people temporarily assigned to high-power roles showed brain activity consistent with lower empathy. ... People with a higher sense of power exhibit less empathy because they have less incentive to interact with others."

"In our view, empathy is only as limited as we choose it to be."
nytimes  2015  2010s  empathy  morality  emotion  study  daryl_cameron  michael_inzlicht  william_a_cunningham  psychology  bias  gray_matter  society  science  daniel_batson  keith_payne  experiment  motivation  karina_schumann  jamil_zaki  carol_s_dweck  jeremy_hogeveen  sukhvinder_obhi  argument  choice 
july 2015 by cluebucket
Tonight will be the longest night in the history of Earth - Vox
talkin'bou' tidal acceleration here.

they updated it later to say Whoops the longest night was actually in 1912. but still
joseph_stromberg  colin_schultz  winter  solstice  earth  gravity  rotation  planet  space  night  dark  science  moon  tide  ocean  orbit  northern_hemisphere  season  2014  december 
december 2014 by cluebucket
Planning Ahead Can Make a Difference in the End : NPR
"You can hope your family will examine the evidence and satisfy themselves that the science is sound and that they'll be comforted to know your energy's still around. According to the law of the conservation of energy, not a bit of you is gone; you're just less orderly."
npr  audio  article  aaron_freeman  death  funeral  plan  physics  physicist  science  radio  all_things_considered  energy  heat  life  faith 
november 2013 by cluebucket
The Sugar Wars: Science’s Fierce, Geeky Debate Over Soda | The Awl
"It's a tempting scenario: much as one might gut the worldwide prevalence of lung cancer by targeting tobacco, one might arrest and reverse ballooning obesity trends by indicting sugared drinks.

"But things are not quite as simple as a media meme or a political trend, otherwise why would the Obesity Society stage such a debate or, indeed, an entire conference wherein soda was, at best, a minor player in a complex drama of cause and effect?"
"Moreover, as the economic historian John Komlos has pointed out, it's a mistake to think that obesity suddenly arrived in America as a problem in the 1980s. If you looked at historical data for Body Mass Index (BMI—a proxy measure for fat), Americans started putting on the pounds in the 1920s and piling them on in the 50s and 60s. It just looked like the obesity epidemic struck in the 80s because that's when the BMI threshold for defining obesity was crossed by a mass of people who had been gradually putting on the pounds year after year."
"The casual way autonomy can be overturned by rhetorical claims to public health has the power to drive people potty. As the philosopher-turned-financier Michael Shaoul noted in a 1992 PhD thesis, the emergence of credit in the 1980s had a profound effect on identity, greatly accelerating the transformation whereby people stopped thinking of themselves as being solely defined by their labor in a particular workplace and began to think of themselves as consumers. ... Public health experts have a tendency to think of the consumer as someone who is consuming the wrong things because they lack the right kind of knowledge or incentive to consume the right things or because an industry has successfully persuaded them to consume the wrong things. But when everyone sees their social role as, fundamentally, being a consumer, there is little transactional difference between a beverage company or a fast-food restaurant and a public health department.

"This is something that struck me, as a non-scientist, throughout the conference: there was very little room in the "Harvard" conception of public health for the idea of pleasure as a "good"—as something the consumer values, wants, identifies with, and should be at liberty to pursue even at a personal risk to health."
theawl  soda  sugar  nutrition  health  law  legal  morality  michael_bloomberg  academia  debate  science  america  obesity  frank_hu  david_allison  expert  harvard  diet  evidence  research  2012  2010s  21st_century  bias  epidemiology  risk  causation  effect  data  sedentary  body  tax  trevor_butterworth 
october 2012 by cluebucket
Can You Die From A Nightmare?
"But in the last few months I've started considering a more mundane possibility: That things as common as a breakup, my dog dying, or stress at work are the primary causes of my sleep disturbances. It's deflating to think that there are people with what I consider real problems who are probably managing just fine, and here I am running into doors and almost jumping out of windows because of a breakup — but that seems to be my reality."
buzzfeed  doree_shafrir  health  sleep  science  neuroscience  psychology  sleepwalk  terror  night_terror  death  suicide  insomnia  study  mike_birbiglia  rosalind_cartwright  writing  2012  2010s  medicine  drug  prescription  nightmare  tobias_wong  parasomnia  ptsd  stress  hamlet  history  1970s  dream  21st_century  20th_century 
september 2012 by cluebucket
The Official Guide to Legitimate Rape
"If you're unfamiliar with the exciting concept that your uterus can pick and choose between various kinds of rape, don't fret. We have just the guide for you:
Non-Pregnancy Rape
Bad Weather Rape
Politico Rape
Forcible Rape and/or Assault Rape
Marriage Rape, aka "JK LOL Doesn't Happen!" Rape
"Rape" Rape
Gray Rape
Date Rape
katie_j.m._baker  jezebel  guide  rape  legitimacy  2012  2010s  quote  politician  todd_akin  pregnancy  mistake  misinformation  1980s  stephen_freind  1988  1995  henry_aldridge  1999  john_c._willke  abortion  anti  choice  rights  law  trauma  stupid  clayton_williams  1990  1990s  james_leon_holmes  1997  dave_catanese  science  paul_ryan  chuck_winder  2011  marriage  whoopi_goldberg  roman_polanski  laura_session_stepp  cosmopolitan  linda_fairstein  katie_roiphe  mary_p._koss  1985  2007  1994  1996  definition  21st_century  20th_century 
august 2012 by cluebucket
Wind Map
"This map shows you the delicate tracery of wind flowing over the US."
wind  map  weather  geography  america  forecast  current  meteorology  grey  science 
june 2012 by cluebucket
Book review: ‘The Social Conquest of Earth,’ by Edward O. Wilson - The Washington Post
“Our ancestors were one of only two dozen or so animal lines ever to evolve eusociality, the next major level of biological organization above the organismic,” Wilson writes. “There, group members across two or more generations stay together, cooperate, care for the young, and divide labor in a way favoring reproduction of some individuals over that in others.”
“A good first step for the liberation of humanity from the oppressive forms of tribalism would be to repudiate, respectfully, the claims of those in power who claim they speak for God, are a special representative of God, or have exclusive knowledge of God’s divine will,” he advises, and he includes in that group purveyors of “dogmatic political ideologies based on unchallengeable precepts, left and right.” Rounding out this view, he adds: “Their leaders may mean well. But humanity has suffered enough from grossly inaccurate history told by mistaken prophets.”
edward_o._wilson  colin_woodward  book  review  washingtonpost  2012  2010s  science  social_conquest  earth  society  humanity  selfishness  altruism  survival  tribalism  greater_good  biology  sociology  eusociality  religion  evolution  competition  ant  colony  21st_century 
april 2012 by cluebucket
The Benefits of Bilingualism -
"The key difference between bilinguals and monolinguals may be more basic: a heightened ability to monitor the environment."
well... chyeah
yudhijit_bhattacharjee  nytimes  bilingual  language  linguistics  cognition  brain  task  memory  alzheimer's  science  agnes_kovacs  study  switch  inhibition  expression  multilingualism  dementia  ellen_bialystok  michelle_martin-rhee  interference  2000s  tamar_gollan  2012 
march 2012 by cluebucket
Jonah Lehrer on How to Be Creative -
1. Color Me Blue
2. Get Groggy
3. Daydream Away
4. Think Like A Child
5. Laugh It Up
6. Imagine That You Are Far Away
7. Keep It Generic
8. Work Outside the Box
9. See the World
10. Move to a Metropolis
jonah_lehrer  wsj  wall_street_journal  creativity  how_to  imagination  inspiration  cognition  arthur_fry  post-it  invention  epiphany  insight  joke  brain  sATG  superior_anterior_temporal_gyrus  mark_beeman  john_kounios  science  research  intoxication  puzzle  alcohol  archimedes  richard_feynman  albert_einstein  friedrich_nietzsche  milton_glaser  nyc  design  steve_jobs  google  innovation  martin_ruef  challenge  innocentive  karim_lakhani  yo-yo_ma  bruce_adolphe  tip  composer  musician 
march 2012 by cluebucket
Cognitive scientists develop new take on old problem: why human language has so many words with multiple meanings
"In a new theory, they claim that ambiguity actually makes language more efficient, by allowing for the reuse of short, efficient sounds that listeners can easily disambiguate with the help of context... Building on observation and previous studies, they posited that words with fewer syllables, high frequency and the simplest pronunciations should have the most meanings."

the comments are also interesting to consider, though I kinda resent the patronizing "Gentlemen" opening, I mean screw that
emily_finn  physorg  science  meaning  language  ambiguity  ambiguous  noam_chomsky  mit  2012  2010s  theory  word  context  ted_gibson  cognition  steven_piantadosi  harry_tily  tom_wasow  compsci  NLP  linguistics  21st_century 
january 2012 by cluebucket
David Byrne's Journal: 12.13.11: Odyshape
"They too believe that what they are seeing is 'real,' despite intellectually knowing that a picture has been doctored or an actress, reality star or celebrity wife surgically enhanced. These visual buttons and triggers that are being pressed are deeply ingrained in us as a species—mere rational thinking is powerless as a way of discounting them."

"We instinctively want to believe that a merit-based world exists—that with some hard work, focus, time, effort and perseverance, you too will be rewarded with the body you see on the billboard. The same also applies to our notions of economic well-being. As a result, you have Bill O’Reilly and Newt Gingrich (among many others) implying that poor people are poor simply because they aren’t trying hard enough (note the clever segue from Barbie to politics and economics). The implication is that poor people, or anyone who isn’t successful, just aren’t applying themselves or trying hard enough. Also, that less than fabulously attractive people similarly aren’t going to the gym enough. The corollary is that Bill and Newt are as wealthy as they are because they worked hard. This, excuse me, is bullshit."
david_byrne  journal  advertising  writing  body  body_image  vision  experiment  barbie  diet  media  culture  anthropology  economics  bill_o'reilly  newt_gingrich  donald_trump  poverty  work  merit  society  belief  trick  neuroscience  björn_van_der_hoort  arvid_guterstam  h._henrik_ehrsson  2011  science  perception  fashion  size 
january 2012 by cluebucket

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