What Robert Mueller Knows—and 9 Areas He'll Pursue Next
1. How do Erik Prince, the Seychelles, and the inauguration fit in?
2. How do the UAE, Qatar, and Jared Kushner fit in?
3. What role did Sergey Kislyak, the GOP convention, and the finances of the Russian Embassy play?
4. How do Roger Stone, WikiLeaks, and other Americans and Brits fit into the GRU indictment?
5. What did Mueller learn from George Papadopoulos, Rick Gates, and Michael Flynn?
6. What’s in those 291,000 Michael Cohen documents?
7. What’s up with that Trump Tower meeting?
8. How relevant is Cambridge Analytica and was there a coordinated effort by the Trump campaign or associates to gather intelligence or untoward opposition research on Hillary Clinton?
9. Do people like Carter Page and Felix Sater matter?
fbi  Russia  usa  politics 
The NRA Has Deep Ties to Accused Russian Spy Maria Butina
Beginning back in 2013, Butina developed a relationship with an unnamed “American political operative” described in the court documents, who has been identified in media reports as GOP activist and NRA member Paul Erickson. In her private communications with Erickson, Butina spoke of the key influence of the NRA on the Republican Party, noting that the gun group is “the largest sponsor of the elections to the US congress.” Through Erickson and her connections with the NRA, Butina sought to establish “‘back channel’ lines of communication” to influential political figures. In photos that she posted to her Facebook page, she posed with Republican politicians, including former presidential candidates Scott Walker and Bobby Jindal, and former US Sen. Rick Santorum.

“My question will be about foreign politics,” Butina said, and then asked Trump if he would continue “damaging” economic sanctions against Russia as president. Trump appeared not to know who Butina was. After going off on Obama and digressing into trade talk, he responded that he would “get along very nicely” with Putin. “I don’t think you’d need the sanctions,” Trump said.
nra  politics  Russia  espionage  GOP 
Being poor now just leads to being more poor later.
Can't pay to clean your teeth? Next year, pay for a root canal. Can't pay for a new mattress? Next year, pay for back surgery. Can't pay to get that lump checked out? Next year, pay for stage 3 cancer. Poverty charges interest.

poverty  wealthinequality  usa  healthcare 
2 days ago
Mansplaining Chart
I have had more than one male colleague sincerely ask whether a certain behavior is mansplaining. Since apparently this is hard to figure out, I made one of them a chart.
mansplaining  INFOGRAPHIC  sexism 
2 days ago
Report Finds Surprisingly High Rate of Slavery in Developed Countries
In the United States, more than 400,000 people, or one in 800, are living in modern slavery, the report said. The United States is also the largest importer of what the report called “at-risk” products, or those at least partly manufactured by workers engaged in forced labor.

These products, estimated to be worth at least $354 billion, include mobile phones, computers, clothing and food like fish and cocoa, the report said. The United States imports more than 40% of the total.
slavery  northkorea  usa  economy  poverty  humanRights  humantrafficking  workersrights 
3 days ago
Okay, so this post has two purposes - well, three, but I swear that’s it.
3) While I was searching fruitlessly for that fic, I came across this really lovely rec
for one of my own. The rec was posted in 2011, and I never use LJ now, so I came back to tumblr to say, @campylobacter, thank you, that absolutely made my day! :D *offers high five across the SG-1 fandom shipping wall, which is more of a battered old fence these days anyway lbr*
fanfic  stargate  stargatesg-1  Sam/Jack 
3 days ago
Trump's Stupid ‘Where Is the DNC Server?’ Conspiracy Theory, Explained
The short answer is that “the server” that Trump is referring to is sitting in a DNC office in Washington, DC—the New York Times has a photo of it here:

It is widely believed that CrowdStrike, a cybersecurity firm hired by the DNC to respond to the hack, gave an identical image of some of the servers to the FBI, which experts I’ve spoken to say would be more useful than giving the FBI a physical server itself. I say “widely believed,” because we don’t know exactly what CrowdStrike gave to the FBI. However, in March 2017, former FBI Director James Comey told Congress that the FBI got an “appropriate substitute” from CrowdStrike, and Mueller’s indictment makes clear that the FBI has lots of information about the hack from both within the DNC and from other sources.

“To really investigate a high profile intrusion like the DNC hack, you have to look beyond the victim network,” Rid said. “You have to look at the infrastructure—the command and control sites that were used to get in that are not going to be on any server ... looking at one server is just one isolated piece of infrastructure.”
Russia  treason  politics  espionage 
3 days ago
The Jeep Hackers Are Back to Prove Car Hacking Can Get Much Worse
Instead of merely compromising one of the so-called electronic control units or ECUs on a target car's CAN network and using it to spoof messages to the car's steering or brakes, they also attacked the ECU that sends legitimate commands to those components, which would otherwise contradict their malicious commands and prevent their attack. By putting that second ECU into "bootrom" mode—the first step in updating the ECU's firmware that a mechanic might use to fix a bug—they were able to paralyze that innocent ECU and send malicious commands to the target component without interference. "You have one computer in the car telling it to do one thing and we’re telling it to do something else," says Miller. "Essentially our solution is to knock the other computer offline."

The result: They're now able to override contradicting signals that tell the parking brake not to activate, for instance, and thus bring the vehicle to a halt from any speed in seconds. And in combination with another vulnerability they found in the steering module ECU, they can disable the steering so that the wheel resists the driver's attempts to turn it. They can also digitally turn the wheel themselves at any speed. When they tested that last attack while driving at 30 miles per hour on an empty road running through cornfields north of St. Louis, Miller and Valasek say they lost control of the Jeep, crashed it into a ditch, and had to wait for a friendly local to tow them out.

Though Miller and Valasek haven't found a new way to perform their attacks remotely, it's not hard to imagine new avenues hackers could find to remotely access the Jeep's CAN network or those of other vehicles. In 2011, researchers at the University of California at San Diego and the University of Washington found ways into a Chevy Impala's innards that included everything from its OnStar connection to a hacked smartphone connected to its infotainment system via Bluetooth to a CD containing a malicious file inserted into its CD player. And last year some of the same UCSD researchers showed that common, Internet-connected insurance insurance dongles plugged into vehicles' dashboards could create the same remote hacking vulnerabilities.
safety  hacking 
3 days ago
Britain's prehistoric catastrophe revealed: How 90% of the neolithic population vanished in just 300 years
Ancient Britons may have been nearly wiped out by bubonic plague brought by newcomers to the island

The great 20-30 tonne stones of Stonehenge were erected by Neolithic farmers whose ancestors had lived in Britain for at least the previous 1,500 years – and new genetic research on 51 skeletons from all over Neolithic Britain has now revealed that during the whole of the Neolithic era, the country was inhabited mainly by olive-skinned, dark-haired Mediterranean-looking people.

But some 300 to 500 years after the main phase of Stonehenge was built, that mainly Mediterranean-looking British Neolithic-originating element of the population had declined from almost 100 percent to just 10 per cent of the population.
anthropology  Britain  history  immigration  bacteriology 
3 days ago
Were Indigenous Australians the world's first bakers?
The Gurandgi Munjie group is revitalising native crops once cultivated by Aboriginal Australians, baking new breads with forgotten flours.

“That puts Australian baking way beyond anything that’s ever happened anywhere else in the world,” says author Bruce Pascoe. He’s talking about 36,000-year-old grindstones discovered in New South Wales, used by Aboriginal Australians to turn seeds into flours for baking. That’s well ahead of other civilisations that started baking early on, like the Egyptians, who began making bread around 17,000 BC.
food  anthropology  archaeology  history 
3 days ago
Archaeologists find world's oldest bread and new evidence of sophisticated cooking dating back 14,000 years
The entire process of bread-making was (and indeed still sometimes is) nutritionally relatively uneconomic. Harvesting wild cereals, separating the seeds, grinding them, making the dough, flattening the dough and cooking it was an energy and time consuming activity which would not, on consumption, have produced a net energy gain for the people of Shubayqa 1.

The Shubayqa discovery may well therefore represent a profound change in human eating practice – away from the purely nutritionally utilitarian and towards a more culturally, socially and perhaps ideologically determined culinary tradition that is the norm throughout most of the world today.
food  anthropology  history  archaeology 
3 days ago
categorized tweets {beta}
Our proprietary algorithm sorts a politician's (or influencer's) tweets into 8 key issues so you can get up to speed--quickly

climate change
national security/foreign policy
race relations
politics  twitter  PROGRAMMING 
4 days ago
In Helsinki, Trump Appeared To Side With Russia Over U.S. Intelligence Community

KELLY: The day concluded with a remarkable press conference.
TRUMP: Thank you very much.

ARI SHAPIRO, HOST: With a handshake and an uncharacteristically soft-spoken thank you very much to President Putin, President Trump opened the press conference.
politics  Russia  treason  vladimirPutin  audio 
4 days ago
Vala/Daniel Stargate Kinkmod prompts
SG1, Vala/ Daniel, Chastity belt and remote control toys (under clothing around the base).
SG-1, Daniel/Vala, as a consequence of her experiences as Qetesh's host, she needed pain as well as pleasure to come
SG-1, Daniel/Vala, whipped cream
SG-1, Daniel/Vala, masquerade
kink: roleplay
kink: secrets and confessions
SG-1, Daniel/Vala, pain play
SG-1, Daniel/Vala, he is a little tied up right now
kink: restraints bondage
SG-1, Daniel/Vala, lingerie
kink: fetish wear
SG-1, Daniel/Vala, gender swap
SG-1, Daniel/Vala, strap-on
kink: pegging and strap-ons
SG-1, Daniel/Vala, genital piercings
kink: body modification
SG-1, Vala/Daniel, dom!Vala, surprises
fanfic  pornography  stargate  stargatesg-1  ValaMalDoran  danieljackson  danielvala 
4 days ago
Canon-implied SG-1 missions?
green_grrl suggests "Off-screen missions." I like that one!

The premise is simple: many episodes of SG-1 reference a past or future mission. The most famous of these, I think, is the mission referenced in Emancipation to P3X-595 where Sam "drank that stuff that made you take off..." and the final frame of The Enemy Within, which ends with the team striding through the Stargate for their first mission together.
stargate  stargatesg-1  plotbunny  fanfic 
4 days ago
Shhh….I Make More than My Husband: Spouses Report Earnings Differently When Wives Earn More
When a wife earns more, both husbands and wives exaggerate the husband’s earnings and diminish the wife’s.
statistics  sexism 
4 days ago
These are not signs of weakness, but strength:
1 asking clarifying questions
2 seeking advice
3 forgiving first
4 showing vulnerability
5 sharing your dreams with others
6 demonstrating humility
7 being accountable
8 gracefully telling the truth
9 when stuck, asking for help
psychology  socialJustice 
5 days ago
iPad Design Tutorial: Part 1 How to use Kaleidoscope Drawing Pad
Please note that, as of a recent update, you can change symmetry while you are drawing. This is a very useful tool when designing crosses. To make a cross:

1) Start with square symmetry and draw your design
2) Change to butterfly symmetry and erase only the bottom portion of your design
3) Continue with butterfly symmetry to draw the bottom portion of the cross
tatting  graphics  tutorial  software 
5 days ago
Hanging the Cluny Cluny or Petal Tatting, aka Death-Grip Tatting
In tatting this "leaf" element can be created with only 2 threads. Called "Cluny or Petal" tatting, it is a type of weaving process done with the ball thread (or shuttle 2) wrapped around the "left" hand and the shuttle or needle carrying the thread over and under the loom threads. Traditionally this construction substituted for a chain.

Today, however, the tatted tallie can tumble free of its confines and flutter leaflike freely in the breeze.
tatting  tutorial  needlecraft 
5 days ago
Hanging Cluny Leaf Flower
(Note: the HCL has a 4-string loom rather than a 3-string loom like the "regular" Cluny leaf)
tatting  tutorial  needlecraft 
5 days ago
Tatting by the Bay blog: free pattern tag

onion rings magic square
tatting  needlecraft  pattern 
6 days ago
Attaching Tatting to Hanky
use large needle to pilot holes & pull up active thread as though for a picot join in a ring
tatting  tutorial  needlecraft 
6 days ago
a thread without anti-abortion replies
Several years ago, a young, white, middle-class, evangelical, avowedly anti-abortion female friend of mine, in a stable relationship, found herself pregnant. She and her boyfriend, who shared her anti-abortion beliefs, nevertheless chose to end the pregnancy. 1/x
abortion  reproductiveRights 
6 days ago
Donald Trump Has No Values
THIS is what makes my head spin: The president is not a moral figure in any idiom, any land, any culture, any subculture. I’m not talking about the liberal enlightenment that would make him want the country to take care of the poor and sick. I mean he has no Republican values either. He has no honor among thieves, no cosa nostra loyalty, no Southern code against cheating or lying, none of the openness of New York, rectitude of Boston, expressiveness and kindness of California, no evangelical family values, no Protestant work ethic. No Catholic moral seriousness, no sense of contrition or gratitude. No Jewish moral and intellectual precision, sense of history. He doesn’t care about the life of the mind OR the life of the senses. He is not mandarin, not committed to inquiry or justice, not hospitable. He is not proper. He is not a bon vivant who loves to eat, drink, laugh. There’s nothing he would die for — not American values, obviously, but not the land of Russia or his wife or young son. He has some hollow success creeds from Norman Vincent Peale, but Peale was obsessed with fair-dealing and a Presbyterian pastor; Trump has no fairness or piety. He’s not sentimental; no affection for dogs or babies. No love for mothers, “the common man,” veterans. He has no sense of military valor, and is openly a coward about war. He would have sorely lacked the pagan beauty and capacity to fight required in ancient Greece. He doesn’t care about his wife or wives; he is a philanderer but he’s not a romantic hero with great love for women and sex. He commands loyalty and labor from his children not because he loves them, even; he seems almost to hate them — and if one of them slipped it would be terrifying. He does no philanthropy. He doesn’t—in a more secular key—even seem to have a sense of his enlightened self-interest enough to shake Angela Merkel’s hand. Doesn’t even affect a love for the arts, like most rich New Yorkers. He doesn’t live and die by aesthetics and health practices like some fascists; he’s very ugly and barely mammalian. Am I missing an obscure moral system to which he so much as nods? Also are there other people, living or dead, like him?
politics  poetry 
9 days ago
HHS Plans to Delete 20 Years of Critical Medical Guidelines Next Week
Experts say the database of carefully curated medical guidelines is one of a kind, used constantly by medical professionals, and on July 16 will ‘go dark’ due to budget cuts.

Not even an archived version of the site will remain, according to an official at AHRQ. A report from the Sunlight Foundation’s Web Integrity Project found the agency announced the site’s retirement, as well as that of a related but less trafficked “Quality Measures” site, this Spring. Some of the NGC’s pages are preserved in a third party archive, but no comprehensive backup of the site’s contents or search functions exists.
database  medicine  science  censorship 
9 days ago
ArenaNet firings cast a chilling shadow across the game industry
Female developers across the industry have also subsequently reported sometimes coordinated attempts to get them fired on the basis of their social media presence — attempts they believe were inspired by the ArenaNet firings. One developer, who asked to remain anonymous because of potential backlash from online mobs, learned that her employer received form letters touching on her social media presence. Rather than specifying her name, some of these letters had been botched and simply said “%FEMALENAME.” Speaking to The Verge, she says these messages began arriving on Sunday night after word of the ArenaNet firings had spread. “This is 100 percent a response to the ArenaNet thing,” she says. “There’s no doubt whatsoever in my mind.”

She says the company’s public dismissal of two employees over a social media spat — framed by O’Brien as an attack on the company’s fans generally — has emboldened bad actors involved in movements like Gamergate, which target women and marginalized people in particular. “If you’re a woman, you’re just waiting for the wrong tweet to end your life now,” she says. “It sent a message to the harassment junkies that have infected our communities for the last four years: ‘Please come for our women.’ I don’t know what could undo this damage without further riling them up.”
workersrights  gamergate  gamingculture  gameDev  sexism  abuse  harassment 
10 days ago
Russian Influence Campaign Sought To Exploit Americans' Trust In Local News : NPR
NPR has reviewed information connected with the investigation and found 48 such accounts. They have names such as @ElPasoTopNews, @MilwaukeeVoice, @CamdenCityNews and @Seattle_Post.

Another example: The Internet Research Agency created an account that looks like it is the Chicago Daily News. That newspaper shuttered in 1978.

The Internet Research Agency-linked account was created in May 2014, and for years, it just posted local headlines, accumulating some 19,000 followers by July 2016.

Another twist: These accounts apparently never spread misinformation. In fact, they posted real local news, serving as sleeper accounts building trust and readership for some future, unforeseen effort.

"They set them up for a reason. And if at any given moment, they wanted to operationalize this network of what seemed to be local American news handles, they can significantly influence the narrative on a breaking news story," Schafer told NPR. "But now instead of just showing up online and flooding it with news sites, they have these accounts with two years of credible history."

Twitter caught these Internet Research Agency accounts in the act and suspended them.
twitter  Russia  propaganda  media  socialmedia  disinformation 
10 days ago
Analysis suggests code from female Facebook engineers gets rejected more often than code from men.
Lower-ranked engineers get rejected more often, and they are disproportionately female. The Wall Street Journal reports that Facebook has an “open repository of code-review data” that allowed the engineer to find each code-writer’s gender and the length of her tenure at the company, but not her rank. The analysis Facebook prepared in response included ranking data inaccessible to rank-and-file employees.

Of course, having the few female Facebook engineers (women make up just 17 percent of tech roles at the company) clumped in the lower ranks isn’t something to cheer about, either. Women believed their code wasn’t getting approved as often as the men on their teams, and they were right. They believed men at the company were getting promoted and hired into higher-up positions more often, too, and the employee’s analysis seemed to prove their point.

The Facebook hubbub recalls a 2016 study of GitHub, an online community of developers who share, add to, and improve one another’s open-source code. Researchers analyzed millions of pull requests—suggested changes to an author’s code—and found that code changes proposed by women were accepted more than those proposed by men, but only among women who had gender-neutral profiles with gender-neutral usernames and no photos of themselves. (The study was not peer-reviewed.) That bias against coders who were visibly women went away when researchers looked at women who contributed code to team members or people who knew them, indicating that familiarity with a specific woman may mitigate any unconscious bias against female coders.
facebook  sexism  workersrights  PROGRAMMING 
10 days ago
African Multiregionalism: The New Story of Human Origins
Yes, we evolved from ancestral hominids in Africa, but we did it in a complicated fashion—one that involves the entire continent.

Consider the ancient human fossils from a Moroccan cave called Jebel Irhoud, which were described just last year. These 315,000-year-old bones are the oldest known fossils of Homo sapiens. They not only pushed back the proposed dawn of our species, but they added northwest Africa to the list of possible origin sites. They also had an odd combination of features, combining the flat faces of modern humans with the elongated skulls of ancient species like Homo erectus. From the front, they could have passed for us; from the side, they would have stood out.

Fossils from all over Africa have modern and ancient traits in varied combinations, including the 260,000-year-old Florisbad skull from South Africa; the 195,000-year-old remains from Omo Kibish in Ethiopia; and the 160,000-year-old Herto skull, also from Ethiopia. Some scientists have argued that these remains represent different subspecies of Homo sapiens, or different species altogether.

But perhaps they really were all Homo sapiens, and our species simply used to be far more diverse than we currently are. “If you look at skulls, you’ll see different features of modern humans arising in different locations at different times,” says Eleanor Scerri, an archaeologist at the University of Oxford. And the reason for that, she says, is that “we’re a species with multiple African origins.

They’re arguing that Homo sapiens emerged from an ancestral hominid that was itself widespread through Africa, and had already separated into lots of isolated populations. We evolved within these groups, which occasionally mated with each other, and perhaps with other contemporaneous hominids like Homo naledi.

The best metaphor for this isn’t a tree. It’s a braided river—a group of streams that are all part of the same system, but that weave into and out of each other.

There’s one large potential problem with the African multiregionalism story. Genetic studies of today’s African populations suggest that they diverged from one another between 100,000 and 150,000 years ago—far later than the early, continent-wide origin suggested by the bones and tools. That deep and broad origin might be right, “but, it’s not something that we geneticists have formally tested,” says Brenna Henn from UC Davis, who is an author on the new paper. “We have discussed ways of doing that, but there’s no published paper yet saying that there is deep population structure in Africa.”
evolution  anthropology  africa 
10 days ago
resume screener software
I went to our monthly talent acquisition meeting and learned a tiny bit about the resume screener software a lot of companies are using. The purpose was to close the gap on the disproportionate amount black and women “disqualified” applicants. Stay with me.

So turns out, those screeners are biased towards women. Yep. White or black, you will fall below what the system requires a “qualified” candidate to be based on certain words you put on your resume.

Here’s what I found:
Females are more likely to have the words “customer, expertise, responsibility marketing and involve” on their resume. Using all of them? Red flag.

Men tend to use words like “achievement, innovative, familiar/familiarize, idea and structure” on theirs. Additionally, words that don’t carry weight at all are: project, professional, provide and work.
sexism  PROGRAMMING  workersrights 
10 days ago
Bruce Pascoe says we’ve got our story all wrong
Indigenous historian Bruce Pascoe has spent years looking through these incredible accounts and found the first white settlers documented how Aboriginal people built homes, villages, parks, dams and wells, selected seeds for harvesting, ploughed fields, irrigated crops and preserved food in vessels.

He says Aboriginal people were the first culture on earth to bake, evidenced by unearthed grindstones from 30,000 years ago, meaning Aussies beat the ancient Egyptians by more than 15,000 years.

He says much of this complex civilisation had been wiped out by 1860, as the land was torn up by Europeans, buildings burned down and their occupants killed by warfare, murder and disease.

When this ancient infrastructure was destroyed, Mr Pascoe believes it became convenient for settlers to perpetuate the myth that the nation’s first people were incapable of organising a coherent and sophisticated society. He believes this, in their minds, legitimised their reason for being there.
australia  history  racism  colonialism  anthropology 
10 days ago
Probe found Fla. police chief told officers to pin unsolved crimes on random black people: report
The charges were part of a long history of targeting random people to achieve a spotless crime-solving record before an internal investigation in 2014, the Herald reported.

“If they have burglaries that are open cases that are not solved yet, if you see anybody black walking through our streets and they have somewhat of a record, arrest them so we can pin them for all the burglaries,” Officer Anthony De La Torre said as part the probe. “They were basically doing this to have a 100 percent clearance rate for the city.”

Four officers — a third of the tiny, 12-man force — admitted to an outside investigator that they felt pressured to file inaccurate charges.
racism  police  policebrutality  preschoolToPrisonPipeline 
10 days ago
‘Roe v. Wade’ Script Leak: Pro-Life Movie Pushes Conspiracy Theories and Lies
About ten pages in, however, things take a very pro-life turn. The year is 1966, and elderly Margaret Sanger, the world’s preeminent birth-control activist, is speaking to Larry Lader on her deathbed. Just before she passes, her dying words to Lader are as follows: “We do not want word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population,” she says. “Larry, they can’t see this coming.” The reproductive rights movement is thus framed by the film as a racist plot on a par with Hitler’s Final Solution.

This oft-repeated conservative falsehood, shared by everyone from Herman Cain to Ben Carson, stems from the willful misinterpretation of a 1939 letter Sanger wrote wherein she outlined her plan to connect with prominent leaders in the African-American community and allay their possible fears concerning family-planning clinics. Sanger wrote, “We do not want word to go out that we want to exterminate the Negro population, and the minister is the man who can straighten out that idea if it ever occurs to any of their more rebellious members.”

In addition to Sanger, the villains of Roe v. Wade are undoubtedly the abortion-rights movement’s inner circle, consisting of Larry Lader, Cyril Means, Dr. Nathanson and Betty Friedan. They’re depicted as a shady cabal of rich lefty Jews who meet in exotic locations like St. Croix and the Russian Tea Room to boast about the money they’re raking in through abortions—over daiquiris or pastrami sandwiches. “It pays to fight for a good cause!” Lader exclaims at one point before the crew clinks martini glasses; at another, Dr. Nathanson sings a song that goes “There’s a fortune… in abortion,” which he’d referenced in his book Aborting America.
abortion  reproductiveRights  propaganda  hollywood  screenplays 
11 days ago
Officials admit they may have separated family – who might be US citizens – for up to a year
In a hearing on Tuesday, just before the deadline, the DoJ was asked to account for each failed reunification of the 102 younger children in its care. It noted 27 cases where it found reunification was not currently feasible, including one “because the parent’s location has been unknown for more than a year … and records show the parent and child might be US citizens.”

Previously the DoJ had only revealed that the child’s father could not be located. The ACLU and the court were only made aware that both father and child might be US citizens on Tuesday.

“It actually happens much more frequently than you would believe,” Gelernt said. “They [Immigration and Customs Enforcement] make mistakes.”
racism  immigration  usa  childabuse  humanRights 
11 days ago
ABORTION WORLDWIDE 2017: Uneven Progress & Unequal Access
The consequences of clandestine—and often unsafe—abortions predominantly affect women in countries with highly restrictive laws, which are concentrated in developing regions. Although women seeking to terminate a pregnancy in these countries are increasingly able to obtain misoprostol to self-induce an abortion, they still could be at risk of negative health consequences if they cannot get the necessary information to use the method correctly.

In countries with highly restrictive laws where access to misoprostol is poor, an abortion under unsafe
conditions remains the main option available to many women, especially poor women. But once such countries expand the legal grounds for abortion and implement access to safe and legal abortion services, recourse to clandestine and unsafe abortions usually goes down. In societies where restrictive laws and stigma persist, however, women tend to prioritize secrecy over health—with consequences that reverberate at the individual, family and national levels.

The prevalence and severity of these consequences vary across settings, and also by women’s economic
resources and social circumstances.
abortion  statistics  wealthinequality  poverty  humanRights  reproductiveRights  pdf 
11 days ago
Ballot measures in Southern states would further restrict abortion rights
And this November, voters in two Southern states, Alabama and West Virginia, will weigh in on ballot measures that would add anti-abortion provisions to their state constitutions.

The measures, both placed on the ballot by the legislatures, come amid a state-level attack on abortion rights that intensified with the 2010 elections when anti-abortion conservatives took power in capitals across the South and the rest of the nation. Over one-third of all abortion restrictions enacted since the 1973 U.S. Supreme Court's Roe v. Wade decision legalizing abortion were enacted between 2010 and 2017, according to the Guttmacher Institute, a reproductive rights research and policy organization.

And states aren't limiting access to abortion only: They are also restricting the availability of family planning services by blocking funds to providers that offer abortions. The campaign to do so has intensified since an anti-abortion group released deceptively edited videos in 2015 seeking to discredit Planned Parenthood. Last year alone, for example, four states including South Carolina and Texas limited certain family planning providers' eligibility for Medicaid, the joint federal-state health insurance program for low-income people and those with disabilities.

Alabama's anti-abortion ballot measure would make it state policy to "recognize and support the sanctity of unborn life and the rights of unborn children, including the right to life," and to state that no provisions of the constitution provide a right to an abortion or require funding of abortions.
alabama  reproductiveRights  abortion 
11 days ago
Racing to save Florida’s coral from climate change, scientists turn to a once-unthinkable strategy: ‘assisted evolution’
The organization will plant some 20,000 pieces of coral this year in eight sites. But before the coral is glued onto the reef, it is nurtured in the group’s vast underwater nurseries. They have found that coral fragments cut into tiny pieces and hung on artificial trees grow faster early in their life than they would in the wild.

Large volumes of corals are being placed in genetic banks underwater and in laboratories on land, so scientists can tap into various genotypes for restoration efforts, even if they become extinct in the wild.
globalwarming  climatechange  oceans  biology  extinction 
11 days ago
Thai cave rescue: How the cave nightmare began
Their parents’ concern drove their coach 25-year-old Ekapol Jantawong, a stateless orphan who shared their love of football, to the cave. Near the entrance, he found their bikes, a discovery that meant he had to go deep inside to try to locate them and bring them back.

“When he was a boy he became a monk and studied while he lived in the temple (in Lamphun, several hours south); his parents were Burmese but had died, so he is a stateless person. He liked to do meditation and pray,” Am Sandford, a fixer for news teams at the scene said on Friday.

[Adul Samon, 14] is one of more than 400,000 people who are registered as stateless in Thailand and stuck in a legal limbo that groups such as the UN High Commissioner for Refugees are trying to fix. With no birth certificate, ID card or passport, Adul cannot legally marry, get a job or bank account, travel outside the province, own property or vote.
thailand  immigration  refugees  Myanmar 
11 days ago
Opinion | Boris Johnson Has Ruined Britain
Britain is in this mess principally because the Brexiteers — led largely by Mr. Johnson — sold the country a series of lies in the lead up to the June 2016 referendum on leaving the European Union. They did so because neither Mr. Johnson nor his fellow leader of the Leave campaign, Michael Gove, intended, wanted or expected to win.
politics  uk  EuropeanUnion  brexit 
11 days ago
“I Was Devastated”: Tim Berners-Lee, the Man Who Created the World Wide Web, Has Some Regrets | Vanity Fair
The idea is simple: re-decentralize the Web. Working with a small team of developers, he spends most of his time now on Solid, a platform designed to give individuals, rather than corporations, control of their own data. “There are people working in the lab trying to imagine how the Web could be different. How society on the Web could look different. What could happen if we give people privacy and we give people control of their data,” Berners-Lee told me. “We are building a whole eco-system.”
internet  www  democracy  TimBernersLee 
17 days ago
Pro-Trump & Russian-Linked Twitter Accounts Are Posing As Ex-Democrats In New Astroturfed Movement
Across time, conspiracy theory-related hashtags—including #QAnon, #QArmy, #Q, #TheGreatAwakening, and #DeepState—all featured prominently in #WalkAway hashtag clouds. Pro-Trump hashtags, like #MAGA and #Trump, were also among the most consistent and common themes—another giveaway that this movement of self-declared “former Democrats” was actually a creation of Trump supporters posing as ex-Democratic voters.

Intelligence gathering during this type of trial run could include methods such as surveillance, profiling, social network mapping, and sentiment analysis, as well as more traditional techniques like message testing. Social media not only provides vast troves of publicly available information, but also yields dynamic streams of data that can be manipulated (as in an experiment) for the purpose of intelligence gathering. If you want to know how a particular population or subgroup will respond to specific messages, the easiest way to find out is to craft and disseminate those messages to the target group, and watch how they respond.
propaganda  Russia  vladimirPutin  socialmedia 
17 days ago
100 Years of Breed “Improvement”
It is unrealistic to expect any population to be free of genetic diseases but show breeders have intentionally selected for traits which result in diseases. Conformation breeders claim they are improving the breed and yet they are often the cause of these problems. If “improvement” in looks imposes a health burden then it is not a breed improvement..

No dog breed has ever been improved by the capricious and arbitrary decision that a shorter/longer/flatter/bigger/smaller/curlier “whatever” is better. Condemning a dog to a lifetime of suffering for the sake of looks is not an improvement; it is torture.
dogs  veterinary  eugenics 
17 days ago
You want to know something about how bullshit insane our brains are?
thread on Saccadic masking

You want to know something about how bullshit insane our brains are? OK, so there's a physical problem with our eyes: We move them in short fast bursts called "saccades", right? very quick, synchronized movements. The only problem is: they go all blurry and useless during this
optics  ophthalmology  optometry  science  sciencefiction 
18 days ago
Sure, let's do this.

list of elected officials who switched from Democrat to Republican after Civil Rights Act
usa  racism  politics  GOP 
19 days ago
Riddle of the sands: the truth behind stolen beaches and dredged islands
But what of those oceans of sand stretching from the Atlantic to the Persian Gulf – the Sahara and the Arabian Desert? The wrong kind of sand, unfortunately. Wind action in deserts results in rounded grains that are too smooth and too small to bind well in concrete. Builders like angular sand of the kind found on riverbeds. Sand, sand everywhere, nor any grain to use, to paraphrase Coleridge. A textbook example is the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, the world’s tallest skyscraper. Despite being surrounded by sand, it was constructed with concrete incorporating the “right kind of sand” from Australia. Riverbed sand is prized, being of the correct gritty texture and purity, washed clean by running fresh water. Marine sand from the seabed is also used in increasing quantities, but it must be cleansed of salt to avoid metal corrosion in buildings. It all comes at a cost.

Globally, sand extraction is estimated to be worth £50bn per year, a cubic metre of sand selling for as much as £62 in areas of high demand and scarce supply. This makes it vulnerable to illegal exploitation, particularly in the developing world. Why buy expensive sand, sourced from licensed mines, when you can anchor your dredger in some remote estuary, blast the sand out of the riverbed with a water jet and suck it up? Or steal a beach? Or dismantle an entire island? Or whole groups of islands? This is what the “sand mafias” do. Criminal enterprises, their illegal mining operations in Asia, Africa and elsewhere, are protected by officials and police paid to look the other way – and powerful customers in the construction industry who prefer not to ask too many questions.
environment  capitalism  landUse 
20 days ago
Research shows electing women makes a real difference in people’s lives
Michele Swers, a political scientist at Georgetown University, has written multiple books examining how this shifting gender balance has changed the body. Her research consistently finds that women in Congress tend to shift the conversation to focus more on bills and policies that relate to women specifically — such as increasing paid leave or prosecuting violence against women.

One of her papers looked at Congress in the mid-1990s, comparing women and men legislators of similar ideologies. She found that liberal women legislators co-sponsored an average of 10.6 bills related to women’s health — an average of 5.3 more than their liberal male colleagues.

Changing the conversation can have an effect on the laws that Congress eventually passes: One recent study of Congress since 2009 found that the average woman legislator had 2.31 of her bills enacted, compared with men, who turned 1.57 bills into law.
politics  women  statistics  legislation 
20 days ago
Complicating the Narratives
The lesson for journalists (or anyone) working amidst intractable conflict: complicate the narrative. First, complexity leads to a fuller, more accurate story. Secondly, it boosts the odds that your work will matter — particularly if it is about a polarizing issue. When people encounter complexity, they become more curious and less closed off to new information. They listen, in other words.

1. Amplify Contradictions
2. Widen the Lens
3. Ask Questions that Get to People’s Motivations
- What is oversimplified about this issue?
- How has this conflict affected your life?
- What do you think the other side wants?
- What’s the question nobody is asking?
- What do you and your supporters need to learn about the other side in order to understand them better?
4. Listen more, and better
5. Expose People to the Other Tribe
- What do you think the other community thinks of you?
- What do you think of the other community?
- What do you want the other community to know about you?
- What do you want to know about the other community?
6. Counter Confirmation Bias (Carefully)
politics  psychology  journalism 
21 days ago
Too Many of America’s Smartest Waste Their Talents
The U.S. economy still does make use of meritocracy, as indicated by the fact that college graduates get paid higher wages. But there are troubling signs that talent is being squandered in large amounts.

For example, many graduates from elite schools end up working on Wall Street. In 2007, half of Harvard seniors took jobs in finance or consulting. That share fell after the financial crisis, but it is still more than a third. It isn’t just Harvard, either — big banks draw large percentages of their workforces from top schools, both public and private.

Industrial concentration is worrying for a number of reasons. It suppresses wages for workers, raises prices for consumers and reduces overall economic output. This means that the most gifted Americans, working for superstar companies, are increasingly using their talents to deepen and entrench an inefficient economic system, by figuring out more effective ways to kill off competition.

Meanwhile, many potentially important positions are being starved of the talent they deserve. In countries such as Japan, many top graduates traditionally entered the bureaucracy, though less so in recent years. In Finland, which has one of the world’s best education systems, teaching is a highly prized profession. But in the U.S., talented individuals have little incentive to go into government. Low salaries and low prestige are causing young Americans to flee the federal workforce, leaving the civil service starved for talent. Inefficient and ineffective government is the inevitable result. Meanwhile, salaries for American teachers continue to stagnate, which can’t be helping the country’s flagging education system.

This all adds up to a picture of a broken American meritocracy.
education  capitalism  wealthinequality  economy 
22 days ago
What’s the Plan B morning-after pill?
A levonorgestrel morning-after pill like Plan B One Step, Next Choice One Dose, Take Action, My Way, and AfterPill can lower your chance of getting pregnant by 75-89% if you take it within 3 days after unprotected sex.

You can buy levonorgestrel morning-after pills (like Plan B One-Step, Next Choice One Dose, Take Action, and My Way) over the counter without a prescription at drugstores and pharmacies. It doesn’t matter how old you are and it doesn’t matter what your gender is. Sometimes the morning-after pill is locked up or kept behind the counter, so you may have to ask the pharmacist or store clerk for help getting it — but you don’t have to have a prescription or show your ID.

You can also get the morning-after pill at many family planning or health department clinics, and Planned Parenthood health centers.

Plan B One-Step usually costs about $40-$50. Next Choice One Dose, Take Action, and My Way generally cost less — about $15-$45. You can also order a generic brand called AfterPill online for $20 + $5 shipping. (AfterPill can’t be shipped quick enough to use if you need a morning-after pill right now, but you can buy it and put it in your medicine cabinet in case you need it in the future.)

The brand of EC you buy or how much you pay for it doesn’t matter — all levonorgestrel morning-after pills work the same way.

Some health insurance plans cover the morning-after pill, but you may need a prescription in order for your insurance plan to pay for it.

You may be able to get the morning-after pill for free or low cost from a Planned Parenthood health center or your local health department. Call your nearest Planned Parenthood to see if they can hook you up with emergency contraception that fits your budget. The staff at your local Planned Parenthood health center can also help you figure out if your health insurance will pay for your morning-after pill.

Since the morning-after pill works better the sooner you take it, it’s a good idea to buy it BEFORE you need it. You can keep it in your medicine cabinet and it will be there for you, just in case. That way you can take it as soon as possible if an accident happens, and you won’t have to worry about finding it at the store when you’re totally stressed out.
medicine  reproductiveRights  pharmaceuticals 
22 days ago
Segun Akinola
BBC composer assigned to new season of Doctor Who
music  DoctorWho 
22 days ago
A baby was treated with a nap and a bottle of formula. His parents received an $18,000 bill.
Two years later, the bill finally arrived at their home: They owed the hospital $18,836 for the 3 hour and 22 minute visit, the bulk of which was for a mysterious fee for $15,666 labeled “trauma activation,” which sometimes is known as “a trauma response fee.”

But perhaps the kingpins are the “trauma fees,” in part because they often run more than $10,000 and in part because they seem to be applied so arbitrarily.

A trauma fee is the price a trauma center charges when it activates and assembles a team of medical professionals that can meet a patient with potentially serious injuries in the ER. It is billed on top of the hospital’s emergency room physician charge and procedures, equipment, and facility fees.

Emergency room bills collected by Vox and Kaiser Health News show that trauma fees are expensive — typically thousands of dollars — and vary widely from one hospital to another.

In the past six months, Vox has collected more than 1,400 emergency room bills submitted by readers in all 50 states and Washington, DC, as part of an investigation into emergency room billing practices.

Comprehensive data from the Health Care Cost Institute shows that the average price that health insurers paid hospitals for trauma response (which is often lower than what the hospital charges) was $3,968 in 2016. But hospitals in the lowest 10 percent of prices received an average of $725 — while hospitals in the most expensive 10 percent were paid $13,525. Data from Amino Health, a health cost transparency company, shows the same trend. On average, Medicare pays just $957.50 for the fee.

According to Medicare guidelines, the fee can only be charged when the patient receives at least 30 minutes of critical care provided by a trauma team — but hospitals do not appear to be following that rule when billing non-Medicare patients.

At the turn of the century, such fees didn’t even exist.

But today many insurers willingly pay them, albeit at negotiated rates, for hospitals in their networks. Six insurers and industry groups each declined to discuss the fees, and a spokesperson for America’s Health Insurance Plans, the industry trade group, said, “We have not seen any concerning trends surrounding trauma center fees.”
healthcare  capitalism  usa 
22 days ago
Law Claiming to Fight Sex Trafficking Is Doing the Opposite — By Cracking Down on Sex Work Advocacy and Organizing
After President Donald Trump signed the packaged Fight Online Sex Trafficking and Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers acts — known collectively as SESTA-FOSTA — into law in April, organizing around sex workers has been reinvigorated with a new urgency. The legislation, which purports to combat trafficking, instead cripples sex workers’ ability to work safely online. It’s merely the latest example in an unbroken history of harmful anti-sex work laws. But at a time when activism around, with, and for sex workers is all the more crucial, laws like SESTA-FOSTA are not only making sex work harder and more dangerous, but they’re also silencing and criminalizing the very organizing and advocacy that would help sex workers stay safe and fight persecution, even chilling journalists’ efforts to cover these issues.
sexworkers  legislation 
4 weeks ago
Thread by @kalhan: "Don't be deceived by Trump's executive order.
Don't be deceived by Trump's executive order. It purports (but doesn't commit) to ending one specific means by which asylum-seekers and their kids are being held as political hostages—but seeks to illegally institute others on a large scale.

Start with Section 1, its statement of policy. We've come to take for granted that Trump routinely lies when issuing in immigration executive orders. No exception here.

"[T]he only legal way ... to enter this country is at a designated port of entry at an appropriate time." But there are pretty clear indications that CBP is improperly blocking individuals from entering at ports of entry—in order to prevent them from making asylum claims.
immigration  politics  humanRights 
4 weeks ago
The Bacteria Babies Need
Scientists at the University of California, Davis, have found that a strain of bacteria called B. infantis that is thought to have been the dominant bacterium in the infant gut for all of human history is disappearing from the Western world. According to their research, this was probably caused by the rise in cesarean births, the overuse of antibiotics and the use of infant formula in place of breast milk.

Indeed, 9 out of 10 American babies don’t harbor this bacterium in their gut, while researchers suspect that the majority of infants in less industrialized countries do.

Dr. German and his colleagues learned about the missing bacterium by studying breast milk. They found that the milk contains an abundance of oligosaccharides, carbohydrates that babies are incapable of digesting. Why would they be there if babies can’t digest them?

They realized that these carbohydrates weren’t feeding the baby — they were feeding B. infantis.
bacteriology  health  childhoodDevelopment  food 
4 weeks ago
Iran's Ancient Engineering Marvel
Dating back around 3,000 years, the qanat is an ingenious and sustainable solution to Iran’s dearth of easily accessible water.

Not only does the qanat provide necessary drinking water, it also helps lower indoor temperatures. In Yazd in central Iran, where summers can be stiflingly hot, the qanat is as indispensable as it is ingenious. Used in combination with a badgir (an Iranian wind-catcher), the water in the qanat cools warm incoming air, which enters it through a shaft, before being released into a basement and expelled through the openings at the top of the badgir.

Similarly, the qanat made it possible to store large quantities of ice year round in desert climates. Constructed in conical shapes made of an admixture of heat-resistant materials, and also making use of Iranian wind-catching technology, the yakhchal (literally ‘ice pit’) is an ancient Iranian form of refrigeration dating to around 400BC.
architecture  sustainability  waterSupply 
4 weeks ago
Lack of Paid Sick Leave Increases Poverty
Research conducted by Florida Atlantic University and Cleveland State University has, for the first time, quantified the relationship between the lack of paid sick leave and poverty in the United States. The data indicates that, even when controlling for education, race, sex, marital status and employment, working adults without paid sick leave are three times more likely to have incomes below the poverty line.

Findings also show that people with no paid sick leave benefits are more likely to experience food insecurity and require welfare services. Currently, only seven states mandate that employers provide paid sick leave benefits and nearly one-third of all workers in the United States lack these protections.

“Numerous studies have shown the negative effects lack of paid sick leave has on society, but this is the first time a direct correlation has been observed between the absence of these benefits and the incidence of poverty,” said Patricia Stoddard Dare, Ph.D., associate professor of social work at Cleveland State. “This adds to the growing body of evidence that paid sick leave is a key factor in health care affordability and economic security.”

Studies published in two academic, peer-reviewed journals, Social Work in Health Care and the American Journal of Orthopsychiatry , utilized data collected from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey to assess the effect of no paid sick leave on two key indicators of poverty, income and the need to utilize welfare services. On top of being three times more likely to live below the poverty line, working adults between the ages of 18 and 64 were also nearly 1.5 times more likely to receive income support from state and county welfare programs and nearly 1.4 times more likely to receive food stamps.

The authors argue that the main reason for these correlations are the higher cost of medical expenses, lack of preventive care and missed wages incurred by individuals and families who do not have paid sick leave benefits.

“Paid sick leave benefits serve as a structural mechanism for preventing working families from becoming the working poor,” says LeaAnne DeRigne, Ph.D., associate professor of FAU’s Phyllis and Harvey Sandler School of Social Work. “Given the public investments made in welfare, food stamps and other social services, mandating paid sick leave is a clear policy lever for reducing the need for these services among millions of individuals nationally.”
poverty  workersrights  healthcare 
4 weeks ago
Separated migrant children are headed toward shelters that have a history of abuse and neglect
Since 2003, the U.S. Health and Human Services Department has awarded nearly $5 billion in grants through the Office of Refugee Resettlement, mostly to religious and nonprofit organizations in 18 states, to house children who arrive in the country unaccompanied. The program grew quickly in 2014, when around 70,000 children crossed the southern border alone.

Now this web of private facilities, cobbled together to support children with nowhere else to go, is beginning to hold a new population: the more than 2,000 children who arrived with their parents but were separated from them because of a Trump administration policy.

Allegations included staff members’ failure to seek medical attention for children. One had a burn, another a broken wrist, a third a sexually transmitted disease. In another shelter, staff gave a child medicine to which she was allergic, despite a warning on her medical bracelet. Inspectors also cited homes for “inappropriate contact” between children and staff, including a case in which a staff member gave children a pornographic magazine.

In October, an employee appeared drunk when he showed up to work at a facility operated by Southwest Key Programs in San Benito, Texas. A drug test later found he was over the legal alcohol limit to drive. That was among the 246 violations state inspectors found at Southwest Key’s facilities, including rotten bananas and shampoo dispensers filled with hand sanitizer.
childabuse  childmolestation  immigration 
4 weeks ago
Domestic Violence and Abuse: Recognizing the Signs of an Abusive Relationship and Getting Help
Does your partner:

- act excessively jealous and possessive?
- control where you go or what you do?
- keep you from seeing your friends or family?
- limit your access to money, the phone, or the car?
- constantly check up on you?
abuse  DomesticViolence  psychology 
4 weeks ago
The absurdity of American health care pricing, in one chart
"The figure clearly demonstrates that there is significant variation in MRI prices within hospitals at single points in time,” the authors write. “For example, in January 2011, the ratio of the price of the highest volume contract (blue circles) to the price of the second highest volume contract (green triangles) is 1.39 at Hospital A and 1.65 at Hospital B.”

The theory that the researchers put forward — and a theory I find compelling — is that these prices likely reflect different insurers’ market clout. An insurance plan with lots of members can demand lower prices; they’re essentially going to Costco and buying in bulk. But a smaller insurance plan with fewer members doesn’t have that kind of leverage, and gets stuck with higher prices as a result.
healthcare  capitalism 
4 weeks ago
Here are 300 free Ivy League university courses you can take online right now
Humanities (59 courses)
Computer Science (23 courses)
Art & Design (19 courses)
Business (66 courses)
Health & Medicine (25 courses)
Social Sciences (54 courses)
Data Science (21 courses)
Education & Teaching (17 courses)
Science (25 courses)
Engineering (16 courses)
Mathematics (11 courses)
Programming (4 courses)
education  informationTechnology  science  mathematics  PROGRAMMING  medicine  art 
4 weeks ago
Five Apps for Mental Health That Actually Work – Health Horizon – Medium
Here’s a list of 5 mental health apps and online programs that have been clinically validated in peer-reviewed journals — or in other words, actually work.

1 SuperBetter at Work
By turning formerly dreary jobs into an exciting game, SuperBetter improves strategic thinking, teamwork, motivation, and mental wellbeing among employees in an entertaining way. Not only that, but it’s also been proven in peer-reviewed literature to significantly reduce anxiety.
2 myCompass
is an interactive online self-help program for people with mild-to-moderate depression, anxiety, and stress. Developed by the Black Dog Institute, the program contains 14 learning modules that teaches scientifically-backed skills meant to introduce positive habits key to overcoming mental health issues. These skills include proven psychological treatments like cognitive behaviour therapy and positive psychology.
SHUTi, or Sleep Healthy Using the Internet (pronounced shut-eye) is an online self-help program for people with insomnia. Through six learning modules, SHUTi helps users identify and retrain habits, thoughts, or behaviours that negatively impact sleep.
4 Wizard
a brain training game. Wizard features various in-game tasks like identifying items in boxes or navigation through rooms to improve the episodic memory and overall cognitive function of people with schizophrenia.
5 PTSD Coach
provides evidence-based strategies for managing the condition. Not only does the app also provide comprehensive information on PTSD, but it also allows users to track their symptoms and set up a support network of friends and fellow PTSD sufferers.
8 weeks ago
So apparently Jordan Peterson has a section in his book about lobster social behavior
So apparently Jordan Peterson has a section in his book about lobster
social behavior. I’ve never written a long twitter thread before but
YOU COME INTO ~*MY*~ HOUSE? Let’s talk marine invertebrate social
biology  patriarchy  sociology 
8 weeks ago
Why This Fungus Has Over 20,000 Sexes
The “sexes” don’t really involve physical differences either, as we might think of when the word “sex” comes to mind. The variations are all in the genome, at two separate loci, or locations, each of which has two alleles, or alternate forms. The loci are called A and B and the alleles are termed “alpha” and “beta.” That makes four possible sexes, but there’s another twist. Every A-alpha/beta and B-alpha/beta can have many different variants, called specificities. It amounts to more than 339 specificities for A and 64 for B. Putting those two together yields thousands of possible unique sexes.

The fungus can mate with any specificity as long as it’s different somewhere on both A and B. So, two prospective mates could both have the same A-beta and B-alpha, but have different A-alphas and B-betas and they’d be fine to hook up. If they shared A-alpha and A-beta, though, their pheromones wouldn’t be compatible, meaning that they couldn’t carry out the reproductive process. That leaves a ton of options for mating, though, and essentially means that anyone a fungus meets is fair game for sexy time.
biology  mycology  sex  genetics 
8 weeks ago
Psychologist Jordan Peterson says lobsters help to explain why human hierarchies exist – do they?
So not only does it seem unlikely that low levels of serotonin would make humans settle in at the bottom of a hierarchy, it goes to show that lobsters and humans are just not a great comparison.

Peterson, however, claims that the nervous systems of humans and lobsters are in fact so similar that antidepressants work on lobsters. One such drug, Prozac, has been shown to block serotonin uptake into serotonergic nerve terminals in lobsters. So yes, because the molecule is the same and the nerve terminals are very similar, the drug does what it was designed to do. But it did not make lobsters happier.
neuroscience  biology  patriarchy 
8 weeks ago
Peterson thinks he's proving "hierarchies are over 300 million years old!"

Yes. Dr Peterson thinks he's proving "hierarchies are over 300 million
years old!" & thus some kind of universal law. If he or his audience
knew biology, they'd know that chordata (our phylum) and arthropoda
(lobsters' phylum) diverged over a billion years ago.

Jordan Peterson
biology  patriarchy  toxicMasculinity 
8 weeks ago
Because of #GDPR
Because of #GDPR, USA Today decided to run a separate version of their website for EU users, which has all the tracking scripts and ads removed. The site seemed very fast, so I did a performance audit. How fast the internet could be without all the junk! 🙄 5.2MB → 500KB
gdpr  privacy  webdev  pageload  advertising  cookies 
8 weeks ago
A Doula's Call For A 'Culture Of Consent' During Childbirth
As a doula myself, I have witnessed births at nearly all of the hospitals and birth centers in the Boston area over the last two decades. Unfortunately, my doula colleagues and I have witnessed caregivers performing a variety of actions on people in labor without their fully informed consent, including the following:

- vaginal exams;
- administration of the drug Pitocin;
- episiotomy;
- insisting that women get onto their backs;
- diagnosing a stalled labor and recommending a C-section, without fully offering the patient the option to wait (for an otherwise healthy mother and baby).
violenceagainstwomen  consent  childbirth  pregnancy  obstetrics 
8 weeks ago
There Is a Hidden Epidemic of Doctors Abusing Women in Labor, Doulas Say - Broadly
According to doulas, women are often treated horribly while they're in labor, with medical professionals engaging in abusive behavior that ranges from nonconsensual episiotomies to sexual assault.
violenceagainstwomen  childbirth  obstetricviolence  medicine  pregnancy  obstetrics  abuse 
8 weeks ago
Beaded Tatting: Plan the Picots First
Beads are added to tatting in two basic manners.

1. Beads are threaded onto the shuttle and/or ball threads and brought into postition as the double stitches are formed. (See the three gold beads on one picot in the scan below.)

2. Beads are added to previous segments of tatting usually during joining. (See the red bead over the picot in the scan above.)

If you want to have beads on the rings, the beads must be threaded onto the shuttle thread as the thread is wound onto the shuttle. If working with a particular color sequence or pattern of beads, the beads must be threaded on in the reverse order of working, i.e., the first bead needed is the last bead to be threaded.

Rainbow earring designed and shared by Sharon Briggs. Pattern follows.

If you want to have beads on the chains, the beads must be threaded on the ball thread.

If you want beads on both the rings and the chains, thread the beads needed for the chains first, mark with pin or paperclip, then the beads needed for the rings. Next wind the thread onto the shuttle moving the beads into position.
march 2018
Medieval “Lingerie” From 15th Century Castle Stuns Fashion Historians
Archaeologists have unearthed several 600-year-old bras that experts say could rewrite fashion history. While they’ll hardly send pulses racing by today’s standards, the lace-and-linen underpinnings predate the invention of the modern brassiere by hundreds of years. Found hidden under the floorboards of Lengberg Castle in Austria’s East Tyrol, along with some 2,700 textile remains and one completely preserved pair of (presumably male) linen underpants, the four intact and two fragmented specimens are believed to date to the 15th century, a hypothesis scientists later confirmed through carbon-dating.
fashion  history 
march 2018
100 Easy Ways to Make Women's Lives More Bearable
1. Before explaining something to a woman, ask yourself if she might already understand. She may know more about it than you do.

2. Related: Never, ever try to explain feminism to a woman.

3. Trans women are women. Repeat that until you perish.


27. Watch women's sport. And just call it “sports.”
feminism  WageGap  mansplaining  maleprivilege 
march 2018
How Blockchain Could Disrupt Banking
Blockchain technology provides a cryptographically secure way of sending digital assets, without the need for trusted third parties — such as banks. Further, tools such as smart contracts promise to automate many of the tedious processes within the banking industry, from compliance and claims processing, to distributing the contents of a will.

Global banking is currently a $134 trillion industry. Banks help intermediate payments, make loans, and provide credit. The promise of blockchain as a trustless, disintermediated technology is to disrupt all of that...
capitalism  currency  cryptocurrency  economy 
march 2018
The "Onion" Ring
This is a triple onion ring and chain repeat. Or, you can also accomplish the pattern by doing a double onion ring and tatting a true chain around it. At least four colors could be introduced into this pattern. The extra threads would be encapsulated in the chains.
tatting  needlecraft 
march 2018
ANKARS Style Rose
Much of the foundation tatting for the ANKARS style features overlapping rings. See model by Stephanie Wilson. Stephanie has also experimented with coiling these overlapping rings to create a 3-dimensional rose. Her pattern is shared below.
tatting  needlecraft 
march 2018
Transcript of the Interview with Holly Maniatty, Interpreter for Wu-Tang Clan
I did everything and anything that I could to learn about music and interpreting. I ended up taking some classes at the University of Rochester. At that time, I was already a certified, working interpreter. I really felt like that experience of presenting music to deaf people was really important in my career, so I took a bunch of classes on ASL poetry techniques, and went back and re-studied the linguistics of the language that I was already productively using, and through that kind of basic discovery, I was able to learn poetry techniques and folklore techniques that I am able to incorporate into the interpretation. And that’s kind of where that idea of cadence and body movement came into play more clearly in my interpreting approach.
linguistics  accessibility  deaf  music  poetry  hiphop 
march 2018
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