brycecovert + race   136

Race, Social Assistance & the Risk of Child Poverty across the 50 United States | Centrum voor Sociaal Beleid Herman Deleeck
The evidence suggests that racial inequities in states’ allocations of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) funds contributed to the impoverishment of approximately 215,000 black children per year from 2012 to 2014.
states with larger percentages of black residents are less likely to prioritize the ‘provision of cash assistance’ spending priority and more likely to prioritize the ‘discouragement of lone motherhood.’ Using household income data, I estimate that neutralizing the inequity in TANF spending priorities would reduce the black-white child poverty gap by approximately 13 percent.
welfare  TANF  race  poverty 
16 days ago by brycecovert
Congress Overturns Obama-Era Auto-Loan Rule - WSJ
Since last year, GOP lawmakers have used a legislative mechanism called the Congressional Review Act more than a dozen times to kill regulations enacted during the final months of the Obama administration. But this is the first time the tool has been used to target a regulation that has been in effect for several years, a development made possible by a new interpretation by the U.S. Government Accountability Office.
autoloans  race  regulation 
16 days ago by brycecovert
Color Of Change | Report: A Dangerous Distortion of our Families
news and opinion media overrepresent Black family poverty by 32 percentage points while White family poverty is underrepresented by 49 percentage points.

News and opinion media overrepresent the proportion of Black families receiving welfare by 18 percentage points.
december 2017 by brycecovert
Foreclosure migration and neighborhood outcomes: Moving toward segregation and disadvantage
foreclosure was linked to migration to less white and more residentially disadvantaged neighborhoods, with foreclosed Hispanic householders, in particular, tending to move to poorer and more racially isolated neighborhoods.
housing  race  segregation 
december 2017 by brycecovert
Racial and Ethnic Discrimination in the Labor Market for Child Care Teachers
we uncover robust evidence of discrimination: black and Hispanic
applicants receive significantly fewer interview requests than observationally equivalent whites.

states’ child care
regulations and quality certification programs mitigate or eliminate entirely the racial and ethnic gap in
interview requests
childcare  discrimination  race 
november 2017 by brycecovert
Pinpointing Racial Discrimination by Government Officials - The New York Times
emails with black-sounding names were 13 percent more likely to go unanswered than those with white-sounding names

those with apparently African-American names received 8 percent fewer polite responses than those with white names
race  discrimination 
october 2017 by brycecovert
Racial Segregation and Southern Lynching
racially segregated counties were much more likely to experience lynchings
segregation  race 
september 2017 by brycecovert
Collective Action, White Flight, and the Origins of Formal Segregation Laws
cities had created and sustained residential segregation through private norms and vigilante activity. Only when these private arrangements began to break down during the early 1900s did whites start lobbying municipal governments for segregation ordinances.
housing  race 
august 2017 by brycecovert
Recessions, recoveries, and racial employment gaps in the United States | Equitable Growth
the unemployment gap between black and white workers, both men and women, is almost entirely “unexplained,” meaning that none of the observable characteristics explain the gap. In other words, the gap can’t be explained by black Americans having lower levels of education or differences in demographics. The unexplained portion—in this case almost all of the gap—is likely due to either direct discrimination and bias in the labor market or unequal access to resources such as education.
race  unemployment 
july 2017 by brycecovert
Why Does Cash Welfare Depend on Where You Live? | Urban Institute
In 2014, only 23 families in poverty received assistance for every 100 such families nationwide. And in an average month in 2016, about 1 percent of the total population received TANF cash assistance.

State decisionmaking is not the result of trade-offs between different dimensions of TANF policymaking: generosity, restrictiveness, and duration. States that are more generous are less restrictive and allow families to receive benefits longer.

A state with a relatively large African American population is more likely to have less generous, more restrictive TANF policies (except for asset limit policies). States with larger African American populations also tend to have less generous maximum benefits and income eligibility limits and harsher initial sanctions, all else equal.
welfare  race 
june 2017 by brycecovert
Up from Slavery? African American Intergenerational Economic Mobility Since 1880

In each generation, we find large racial differences in sons’ economic status conditional
on their fathers’ economic status; in particular, the children of low-status white families have had
much higher rates of upward mobility than similarly situated blacks since 1880. Based on these
data, we conclude that it was not only, or even primarily, poverty per se that limited the pace of
blacks’ economic progress in the historical samples. Rather, our results indicate a sharp
disadvantage for black sons relative to whites in the likelihood of escaping the bottom ranks of
the income distribution. It is striking that in the historical samples (1880-1900 and 1910-30)
children from the poorest southern white families could expect, on average, to be better off as
adults than children from even the best off black families. It is also striking that large racial
differences in economic mobility, conditional on parents’ status, continued into the post-World
War II era despite the Great Migration and the passage of Civil Rights legislation. For instance,
conditional on father’s occupational status, the black-white gap in son’s expected status was
comparable in 1973, nearly a decade after the Civil Rights Act, to what it was in 1900, at the
height of Jim Crow.

inheritance of race rather than the inheritance of poverty has been the first-order determinant of
racial disparities since emancipation.
race  poverty  mobility  class 
may 2017 by brycecovert
Racial Differences in American Women's Labor Market Outcomes: A Long-Run View
Both black and white women significantly increased their labor force participation in this period, with white women catching up to black women by 1990.
race  womenworkers 
may 2017 by brycecovert
Cultural Anxiety, Not Economic Anxiety, Drove White Working Class Voters to Trump - The Atlantic
Evidence suggests financially troubled voters in the white working class actually preferred Clinton over Trump
trump  race  election 
may 2017 by brycecovert
Around Massachusetts, racial divides persist - The Boston Globe
In 86 of the state’s 351 cities and towns, not a single loan was made to a black or Latino home buyer.
redlining  race  housing 
april 2017 by brycecovert
Black college graduates are losing wealth. Here’s what can help. - The Washington Post
between 1992 and 2013, college-educated whites saw their wealth soar by 86 percent while college-educated blacks saw theirs plummet by 55 percent
april 2017 by brycecovert
Fear of Diversity Made People More Likely to Vote Trump | The Nation
 We find that opinions about how increasing racial diversity will affect American society had much more impact on support for Trump during the 2016 election compared to support for the Republican candidates in the two previous presidential elections. We also find that individuals with high levels of racial resentment were more likely to switch from Obama to Trump,
race  trump  election 
april 2017 by brycecovert
Tides and Prejudice: Racial Attitudes During Downturns in the United States 1979-2014
robust evidence that racial hostility as measured by our indicator of prejudice is counter cyclical and rises during periods of higher unemployment for whites.
race  unemployment 
april 2017 by brycecovert
Top Democrats Are Wrong: Trump Supporters Were More Motivated by Racism Than Economic Issues
he evidence from the 2016 election is very clear that attitudes about blacks, immigrants, and Muslims were a key component of Trump’s appeal
trump  race 
april 2017 by brycecovert
Rent Affordability Declining for Blacks and Hispanics |
In 2016, it took about 44% of income to make rent in predominantly black communities, up from 40% five years earlier, according to a report by Zillow released Thursday. In Hispanic communities, about 48% of income goes to the monthly rent check, up from 41% in 2011.
rent  redlining  race  housing 
march 2017 by brycecovert
The Cost of Segregation | Urban Institute
higher levels of black-white segregation are associated with lower black per capita income.
segregation  race 
march 2017 by brycecovert
The cruel double standard that could save Obamacare -
The media landscape is filled with images of the furrowed brows of anxious white residents at congressional town halls who fear they will suffer if they lose Obamacare, says Judy Lubin, a sociologist and adjunct professor at Howard University in Washington.
healthcare  race  welfare 
march 2017 by brycecovert
Black Americans in the C-Suite: A Look at the Obama-Era Declines - Bloomberg
Just four companies in the S&P 500 -- American Express Co., Merck & Co., Carnival Corp. and Xerox Corp. -- are headed by African Americans, and that will drop to three when Ursula Burns steps down as chief of Xerox in the next few months. In 2007, the year before Obama first won the White House, there were seven. That was the peak.
The pipeline into the biggest corner office is also thin. Most executives in posts within striking distance of CEO last year were white, 7.8 percent were Asian American and 4.2 percent were Latino. Blacks made up 2.6 percent, according to statistics compiled by Richard Zweigenhaft, a professor at Guilford College.
glassceiling  race 
july 2016 by brycecovert
Minority Sheet Metal Workers in New York Get Back Pay After Decades of Bias - The New York Times
In 1993, the city’s Human Rights Commission noted that four other construction locals had landed under court supervision for discriminating against minority workers.
unions  race 
december 2015 by brycecovert
Racial Discrimination in the Sharing Economy: Evidence from a Field Experiment
requests from guests with distinctively African-American names are
roughly 16% less likely to be accepted than identical guests with distinctively White
race  discrimination 
december 2015 by brycecovert
You Can't Understand American Politics Without Reading This Study
the stressor at work here is the perceived and real loss of the social and economic advantages of being white.
race  newsletter 
december 2015 by brycecovert
Discrimination and Worker Evaluation
While white workers are hired and retained indefinitely without monitoring, black workers are monitored and fired if a negative signal is received.
discrimination  race 
october 2015 by brycecovert
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