"Less than you think: Prevalence and predictors of fake news dissemination on Facebook"
Abstract
So-called “fake news” has renewed concerns about the prevalence and effects of misinformation in political campaigns. Given the potential for widespread dissemination of this material, we examine the individual-level characteristics associated with sharing false articles during the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign. To do so, we uniquely link an original survey with respondents’ sharing activity as recorded in Facebook profile data. First and foremost, we find that sharing this content was a relatively rare activity. Conservatives were more likely to share articles from fake news domains, which in 2016 were largely pro-Trump in orientation, than liberals or moderates. We also find a strong age effect, which persists after controlling for partisanship and ideology: On average, users over 65 shared nearly seven times as many articles from fake news domains as the youngest age group.
socialmedia  fakenews  2016election  Facebook 
13 days ago
"Fake news on Twitter during the 2016 U.S. presidential election"
"Although 6% of people who shared URLs with political content shared content from fake news sources, the vast majority of fake news shares and exposures were attributable to tiny fractions of the population."
Abstract
The spread of fake news on social media became a public concern in the United States after the 2016 presidential election. We examined exposure to and sharing of fake news by registered voters on Twitter and found that engagement with fake news sources was extremely concentrated. Only 1% of individuals accounted for 80% of fake news source exposures, and 0.1% accounted for nearly 80% of fake news sources shared. Individuals most likely to engage with fake news sources were conservative leaning, older, and highly engaged with political news. A cluster of fake news sources shared overlapping audiences on the extreme right, but for people across the political spectrum, most political news exposure still came from mainstream media outlets."
fakenews  socialmedia  2016election  Twitter 
14 days ago
"Taking the College Tour by Private Jet"
"new luxury services offer to cut down that time by whisking families on a private jet outfitted with college regalia and staffed with a college admissions counselor.

The fees for these services can run up to nearly $60,000, but for the families that choose this route, the benefits can outweigh the cost. Not only are the private trips more efficient than a typical college tour, they can also provide personalized help through the admissions process."
oligarchy  highereducation 
6 weeks ago
"a gay love story of the 1st world war’s year"
A Twitter-based story including graphics. A mix of history and fiction.
WWI  digitalstorytelling  Twitter  web2storytelling 
9 weeks ago
"Liberalism Summed Up In One Anecdote"
I was in a think tank in Washington. The president of the think tank told me: “Well, you can do whatever you want, but just don’t call it inequality. Put the word poverty there. Because we have many rich people on our board, and when they see the word poverty that makes them feel good, because [it means] they’re really nice people who care about the poor. When they see the word inequality it makes them upset, because [it means] you want to take money from them.”
inequality  poverty  rhetoric  Milanovic 
september 2018
Long-Term Trajectories of Human Civilization
Purpose: This paper formalizes long-term trajectories of human civilization as a
scientific and ethical field of study. The long-term trajectory of human civilization can be
defined as the path that human civilization takes during the entire future time period in
which human civilization could continue to exist.
Approach: We focus on four types of trajectories: status quo trajectories, in which
human civilization persists in a state broadly similar to its current state into the distant
future; catastrophe trajectories, in which one or more events cause significant harm to
human civilization; technological transformation trajectories, in which radical
technological breakthroughs put human civilization on a fundamentally different course;
and astronomical trajectories, in which human civilization expands beyond its home
planet and into the accessible portions of the cosmos.
futures  future  futurism 
september 2018
Levi Boxell , Matthew Gentzkow, Jesse M. Shapiro, "A note on internet use and the 2016 U.S. presidential election outcome"
"the Republican share of the vote in 2016 was as high or higher among the groups least active online... our findings imply that the internet was not a source of advantage to Trump."
2016election 
august 2018
Levi Boxell, Matthew Gentzkow, Jesse M. Shapiro, "A note on internet use and the 2016 U.S. presidential election outcome"
"the Republican share of the vote in 2016 was as high or higher among the groups least active online."
2016election  tv  tvnews  socialmedia 
july 2018
Keith Hampton and Eszter Hargittai, "Stop blaming Facebook for Trump's election win"
"If media did play a role in deciding the results, it was in the mass media where Trump outperformed. As if we needed reminding, a reality TV star is going to be the next president of the United States. And Trump received a significant boost from mass media coverage. "

"the same demographic that is most likely to be disconnected from the internet was most likely to vote for Trump."
2016election  socialmedia  tv  tvnews 
july 2018
Listen to Wikipedia
Creates audio track from certain Wikipedia events.
Wikipedia  audio  electronic 
july 2018
Carl Benedikt Frey, Thor Berger, and Chinchih Chen, "Political machinery: did robots swing the 2016 US presidential election?"
Technological progress has created prosperity for mankind at large, yet it has always
created winners and losers in the labour market. During the days of the British Industrial
Revolution a sizeable share of the workforce was left worse off by almost any measure
as it lost its jobs to technology. The result was a series of riots against machines. In
similar fashion, robots have recently reduced employment and wages in US labour markets.
Building on the intuition that voters who have lost out to technology are more
likely to opt for radical political change, we examine if robots shaped the outcome of the
2016 US presidential election. Pitching technology against a host of alternative explanations,
including offshoring and trade exposure, we document that the support for Donald
Trump was significantly higher in local labour markets more exposed to the adoption of
robots. A counterfactual analysis based on our estimates shows that Michigan, Pennsylvania,
and Wisconsin would have swung in favour of Hillary Clinton if the exposure to
robots had not increased in the immediate years leading up to the election, leaving the
Democrats with a majority in the Electoral College.
automation  2016election  Trump  populism 
june 2018
Andrew Berg ; Edward F Buffie ; Luis-Felipe Zanna, "Should We Fear the Robot Revolution? (The Correct Answer is Yes)"
"Advances in artificial intelligence and robotics may be leading to a new industrial revolution.
This paper presents a model with the minimum necessary features to analyze the implications
for inequality and output. Two assumptions are key: “robot” capital is distinct from
traditional capital in its degree of substitutability with human labor; and only capitalists and
skilled workers save. We analyze a range of variants that reflect widely different views of
how automation may transform the labor market. Our main results are surprisingly robust:
automation is good for growth and bad for equality; in the benchmark model real wages fall
in the short run and eventually rise, but “eventually” can easily take generations. "
automation  macroeconomics  inequality 
may 2018
Cause of Death - Reality vs. Google vs. Media
"This animation shows the percentage share of top causes averaged from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (1999-2016), Google search trends (2004-2016), and headlines from the Guardian and New York Times (2004-2016)."
visualization  death  calculusofdeath  media 
april 2018
Bailey, "Communicative behavior and conflict between African-American customers and Korean immigrant retailers in Los Angeles"
"Face-to-face interaction between Korean immigrant
retailers and African-American customers in Los Angeles often
leaves members of each group feeling as if the other has behaved in
insultingly inappropriate ways. Twenty-five service encounters
involving both African-American and immigrant Korean customers
were video-recorded in a liquor store and transcribed for analysis.
These encounters reveal divergent communicative patterns between
immigrant Koreans and African-Americans. The contrasting forms
of participation that occur in these encounters are used by both
storekeepers and customers to explain negative attributions that they
make about each other. I argue that the differing forms of
participation documented in service encounters – and the ways in
which they are interpreted – are simultaneously a result of (1)
cultural and linguistic differences between storekeepers and
customers in service encounter behavior and expectations; and (2)
social inequality in America, which shapes both the local context in
which these encounters occur and the social assumptions that
storekeepers and customers bring to the stores."
race  culture 
april 2018
Martin Gilens and Benjamin I. Page, "Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens "
"Multivariate analysis indicates that economic elites and organized groups representing business interests have substantial independent impacts on U.S. government policy, while average citizens and mass-based interest groups have little or no
independent influence."
oligarchy  politics  polisci 
march 2018
Volker Wieland, Maik Wolters, "Failed forecasts and the financial crisis: How to resurrect economic modelling"
Where were economists when the global recession hit? Or rather, where were their forecasts in the years before? This column argues that clearly some of the models were at fault. To correct this, it proposes a ‘comparative approach’ to macroeconomic analysis where models compete for the right to be taken seriously.
"forecasting  "  futures  macroeconomics 
march 2018
The Bad News Game
Simulates fake news in social media.
game  digitalliteracy 
february 2018
The American Mall Game
Simulation of managing a mall in decline.
simulation  game  microeconomics 
february 2018
Universal Paperclips simulator
Web game simulating the paperclip maximization concept.
game  simulation  posthuman  AI 
january 2018
Poverty Simulation
The Community Action Poverty Simulation... is an interactive immersion experience. It sensitizes community participants to the realities of poverty.
game  simulation 
january 2018
Ellery E. Foutch, "Teaching with Tableaux Vivants"
Abstract
This article explores a recent experiment in implementing tableaux vivants as a college-level art history assignment, in which students researched works of art and also assumed the pose, posture, and attributes of the work; students were also invited to reconceptualize and think transformatively about these historical works. Drawing upon the principles of Universal Design for Learning, the assignment offers an impetus for close looking, research, critical thinking, interpretation and creativity, and an engagement in metacognitive and embodied experiences, as will be demonstrated by the resulting assignments and students’ written self-reflections. While the assignment was originally designed for a course focused on American culture prior to 1830, this approach could apply to a broad chronological and geographical range to encompass nearly any figurative art.
pedagogy  Middlebury  art  arthistory 
january 2018
Guess, Nyhan, Reifler, "Selective Exposure to Misinformation: Evidence from the consumption of fake news during the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign"
"Though some warnings about online “echo chambers” have been hyperbolic, tendencies toward
selective exposure to politically congenial content are likely to extend to misinformation and to
be exacerbated by social media platforms. We test this prediction using data on the factually
dubious articles known as “fake news.” Using unique data combining survey responses with
individual-level web trac
histories, we estimate that approximately 1 in 4 Americans visited a
fake news website from October 7-November 14, 2016. Trump supporters visited the most fake
news websites, which were overwhelmingly pro-Trump. However, fake news consumption was
heavily concentrated among a small group — almost 6 in 10 visits to fake news websites came
from the 10% of people with the most conservative online information diets. We also find that
Facebook was a key vector of exposure to fake news and that fact-checks of fake news almost
never reached its consumers."
2016election  fakenews  digitalliteracy 
january 2018
Denis Jaromil Roio, "Bitcoin, the end of the Taboo on Money"
Abstract: Bitcoin is a decentralized system of digital authentication that facilitates the circulation of value on
the Internet without the presence of any intermediaries, a characteristic that has often gained it the definition of
“digital cash” or “crypto currency”, since it can be used as money for payments. This article consists in a technoetic
inquiry into the origins of this technology and its evolution. This inquiry will take in consideration the biopolitical
dynamics that govern the Bitcoin community as well specific characteristics of the technical realization, aiming to
provide insights on the future of this technology as well a post-humanist interpretation of its emergence.
Keywords: Bitcoin, Crypto, Currency, Digital, Network, Community, Technoetic
bitcoin  blockchain  crypto 
december 2017
"c ya laterrrr" game
Powerful game as reflection on personal loss.
game  interactivefiction  waronterror 
december 2017
Matthew Cobb, "The prehistory of biology preprints: A forgotten experiment from the 1960s"
Abstract

In 1961, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) began to circulate biological preprints in a forgotten experiment called the Information Exchange Groups (IEGs). This system eventually attracted over 3,600 participants and saw the production of over 2,500 different documents, but by 1967, it was effectively shut down following the refusal of journals to accept articles that had been circulated as preprints. This article charts the rise and fall of the IEGs and explores the parallels with the 1990s and the biomedical preprint movement of today.
open  openaccess  scholarlycommunication 
november 2017
Anders Sandberg, Stuart Armstrong, Milan Cirkovic "That is not dead which can eternal lie: the aestivation hypothesis for resolving Fermi’s paradox"
If a civilization wants to maximize computation it appears rational to
aestivate until the far future in order to exploit the low temperature environment:
this can produce a 1030 multiplier of achievable computation.
We hence suggest the “aestivation hypothesis”: the reason we are not
observing manifestations of alien civilizations is that they are currently
(mostly) inactive, patiently waiting for future cosmic eras. This paper
analyzes the assumptions going into the hypothesis and how physical law
and observational evidence constrain the motivations of aliens compatible
with the hypothesis.
"SETI  "  Lovecraft  aliens  science 
october 2017
Gone podcast
Fiction about a person left alone.
podcast  weirdfiction 
october 2017
Larry M. Bartels, "What’s the Matter with What’s the Matter with Kansas?"
"there is no evidence that “culture outweighs economics as a matter of public concern”
among Frank’s working-class white voters. The apparent political significance of
social issues has increased substantially over the past 20 years, but more among
better-educated white voters than among those without college degrees. In both
groups, economic issues continue to be most important."
politics 
october 2017
Jack Mara, Lewis Davis and Stephen Schmidt, "Social Animal House: The Economic and Academic Consequences of Fraternity Membership"
"Fraternity membership reduces a student’s GPA by 0.4 points on a four-point scale.
Moreover, controlling for alcohol-related behavior only slightly reduces this effect, suggesting that college policies designed to reduce alcohol use at fraternities will have only limited academic benefits. We also find that, in spite of the strong negative effect on human capital accumulation, fraternity membership increases expected future income by roughly 30%. This suggests that the negative effect of fraternity membership on human capital accumulation is more than offset by its positive impact on social capital formation. For this reason, joining a fraternity may be a rational decision that improves the long-term prospects of an individual student despite its damaging short-term effects on a student’s grades. "
highereducation  fraternities 
september 2017
Markey, Markey, French, "Violent Video Games and Real-World Violence: Rhetoric Versus Data"
"Contrary to the claims that violent video games are linked to aggressive assaults and homicides, no evidence was found to suggest that this medium was positively related to real-world violence in the United States. Unexpectedly, many of the results were suggestive of a decrease in violent crime in response to violent video games."
gaming  violence 
september 2017
The Bail Trap Game
Casual game simulating bail system.
game  casualgames 
august 2017
Project 1917
"Project 1917 is a series of events that took place a hundred years ago as described by those involved. It is composed only of diaries, letters, memoirs, newspapers and other documents"
digitalstorytelling  socialmedia  Russia  history 
august 2017
5 Key 2016 Podcast Statistics
Good stuff.
One key point:
"One in four Americans ages 12-54 listened to a podcast last month. (highlight to tweet)

But to really break through and become a major part of the media landscape, podcasts must become a habit for older Americans. Just 11% of Americans 55+ listen to podcasts monthly."
podcasting 
august 2017
Great War Epitaphs (@WWInscriptions) | Twitter
"Personal inscriptions from the war cemeteries Epitaphs of the Great War The Somme, and Passchendaele, now both published.

wwinscriptions.com/about/"
Twitter  digitalstorytelling  WWI 
august 2017
Emmett Rensin, "You don’t know Hannah Arendt"
" two things should be clear about Arendt. First: She is a reactionary. What else can be said of somebody who explicitly believes that the material liberation of workers is not only misguided but actively dangerous? Second, in 1963, Arendt articulated what has become the animating principle of American liberal technocrats: The proper formulation of society consists of elites deliberating within the bounds of established civility norms, safe from the untrustworthy and violent impulses of the masses. If the Democratic Party has improved on this position, it is only in recognizing that the masses must sometimes be given a pittance of food and medicine to stave off total revolt. No wonder Arendt appeals to the pundit-technocrats of today "
totalitarianism  fascism  liberalism  progressivism 
july 2017
game: The Evolution of Trust
A game about the prisoner's dilemma in game theory.
game  edugaming 
july 2017
Lawrence Summers "dirty industries" Memo
"shouldn't the World Bank be encouraging MORE migration of the dirty industries to the LDCs [Less Developed Countries]? I can think of three reasons:"
macroeconomics  economics  ecology  neoliberalism 
july 2017
#shortacademichorrorstory
"Many academics have been having fun with a hashtag -- #shortacademichorrorstory -- suggested this week by Jonathan Peelle, a cognitive psychologist at Washington University in St. Louis. Among the horrors shared are the following."
Twitter  digitalstorytelling 
july 2017
Science-based games list
"The list is essentially about educational based games that nailed entertainment (with a focus on scientific phenomenon)."
games  edugaming 
june 2017
AlNoamany, Weigle, Nelson, "Stories From the Past Web"
"Archiving Web pages into themed collections is a method for ensuring these resources are available for posterity. Services such as Archive-It exists to allow institutions to develop, curate, and preserve collections of Web resources. Understanding the contents and boundaries of these archived collections is a challenge for most people, resulting in the paradox of the larger the collection, the harder it is to understand. Meanwhile, as the sheer volume of data grows on the Web, "storytelling" is becoming a popular technique in social media for selecting Web resources to support a particular narrative or "story". There are multiple stories that can be generated from an archived collection with different perspectives about the collection. For example, a user may want to see a story that is composed of the key events from a specific Web site, a story that is composed of the key events of the story regardless of the sources, or how a specific event at a specific point in time was covered by different Web sites, etc. In this paper, we provide different case studies for possible types of stories that can be extracted from a collection. We also provide the definitions and models of these types of stories."
storytelling  digitalstorytelling  archives 
june 2017
Boxell, Gentzkow, Shapiro, "Is the internet causing political polarization?"
"We find that the growth in polarization in recent years is largest for the demographic groups least likely to use the internet and social media. For example, our overall index and eight of the nine individual measures show greater increases for those older than 75 than for those aged 18–39. These facts argue against the hypothesis that the internet is a primary driver of rising political polarization."
demographics  media  polarization  Boomers  internet  cyberculture  tv 
june 2017
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