Education Disrupted: How Silicon Valley Pushed Coding Into American Classrooms
The rise of Code.org coincides with a larger tech-industry push to remake American primary and secondary schools with computers and learning apps, a market estimated to reach $21 billion by 2020.
cyberlib  zeitgeist  quantomania  langsec  diglabor 
14 hours ago
How to Design Programs Teachpacks
Racket / How to Design Programs Teachpacks (libraries)
ref 
6 weeks ago
Quokka.js: Introduction
Editor plugin providing live JS evaluation
ref 
8 weeks ago
Debugging Node.js in Chrome DevTools
Debugging Node in Chrome Devtools via Electron
ref 
february 2017
Nightlight
An embedded editor for Clojure
ref 
january 2017
Graduate Certificate in Digital Humanities - University of Victoria
The Graduate Certificate in Digital Humanities is suspended until further notice. Applications to the Certificate program are not being accepted at present. However, current students will be able to complete the Certificate.
dh  zeitgeist 
january 2017
What [in the World] was Postmodernism? An Introduction | Electronic Book Review
Last month, Brooks Sterritt introduced the gathering "What [in the World] Was Postmodernism?" edited by David Ciccoricco and myself. In this collection, authors have addressed the frailty of the term "postmodernism". Some of this term's antecedents have been identified and recaptured, and the idea of postmodernism as an epoch or movement has been placed under scrutiny. For EBR's editorial team, this particular gathering of essays marks "the official unofficial end" of postmodernism.
he-hum  he-hist  he-cus 
january 2017
Submissions to DH2017 (pt. 1)
I’ll be honest, I was surprised by this year’s submission numbers. This will be the first ADHO conference held in North America since it was held in Nebraska in 2013, and I expected an influx of submissions from people who haven’t been able to travel off the continent for interim events. I expected the biggest submission pool yet. What we see, instead, are fewer submissions than Kraków last year: 608 in all. The low number of submissions to Sydney was expected, given it was the first conference held outside Europe or North America, but this year’s numbers suggests the DH Hype Machine might be cooling somewhat, after five years of rapid growth. We need some more years and some more DH-Hype-Machine Indicators to be sure, but I reckon things are slowing down.
dh  zeigeist  he-hum 
november 2016
Silicon Valley Reels After Trump’s Election - The New York Times
During the Obama years, Silicon Valley came to see itself as the economic and social engine of a new digital century. Smartphones and social networks became as important to world business as oil and the automobile, and Amazon, Apple, Facebook, Google and Microsoft rose to become some of the most prosperous and valuable companies on the planet. Mr. Obama, who rode many of these digital tools to the presidency, was accommodative of their rise; his administration broadly deferred to the tech industry in a way that bordered on coziness, and many of his former lieutenants have decamped to positions in tech. Mr. Trump’s win promises to rip apart that relationship. [...] Amazon, Apple, Facebook, Google and Microsoft offered no immediate comment about Mr. Trump’s win, or how the new administration’s stated policy goals would affect their businesses. But it seems clear that a shift is in the offing. Leaders of these behemoths have long spoken in ambitious, gauzy sentimentalities about a broadly progressive future. Their goals weren’t simply financial but, they said, philosophical and democratic — they wanted to make money, sure, but they also wanted to make the world a better place, to offer a kind of social justice through code. Theirs was a tomorrow powered by software instead of factories, and offering a kind of radical connectivity that they promised would lead to widespread peace and prosperity.
The deeper worry is that tech is out of step with the national and global mood, and failed to recognize the social and economic anxieties roiling the nation — many of them hastened by the products the industry devises.
zeitgeist  cyberlib 
november 2016
The Manifesto | reclaimingouruniversity
Many kinds of management erode trust, including ‘line management’ and ‘performance management’. Neither has any place in our university, and where they currently operate, we will abolish them.
he-profit  he-sec  zeitgeist  langsec  he-cus  quantomania  he-hum 
october 2016
Project MUSE - What Was “Close Reading”?: A Century of Method in Literary Studies
...the idea or ideal of objective observation, like that of complete data sets (in effect, inspecting every swan before concluding anything about the color of swans), has been effectively challenged by a century of empirical and theoretical work in the history, sociology, and philosophy of science. Jockers is not alone among contemporary literary scholars in his enthusiasm for, but rather old-fashioned view of, “science.” (The persistent singular suggests a dubious conception of these heterogeneous practices as something programmatic and monolithic.) For all the talk of “paradigm shifts” among digital humanists, literary Darwinists, and advocates of cognitive cultural studies, the notion of science to which they appeal tends to be fundamentally pre-Kuhnian.
dh  dhcrit  he-hum  he-hist  he-cus 
october 2016
Doubts About Data: 2016 Survey of Faculty Attitudes on Technology
Unlike last year, however, administrators and faculty members aren’t as certain that investments in and use of educational technology in the classroom have led to significantly improved student outcomes. Last year, the first time these questions were asked, faculty members said by a roughly two-to-one margin that gains in student outcomes justified colleges’ spending on ed tech. This year, faculty members are more evenly divided: 57 percent said yes, 43 percent no. A majority of faculty members (70 percent) still believe technology in the classroom has led to improved student outcomes, but most of them describe the gains as slight rather than significant. Still, the proportion of faculty members who said ed tech hasn’t improved student outcomes at all this year ticked up a few percentage points, rising to 30 percent from 25 percent last year. The decline is more pronounced among administrators. They, like faculty members, also believe ed tech has improved student outcomes (87 percent gave that response), but far fewer of them this year said the gains have been significant (15 percent this year, 35 percent last year).
edtech  socmed  dh  zeitgeist 
october 2016
Faculty Principles for Senior Management Hires ~ Remaking the University
CUCFA's definition of "public" reflects national and international trends that have been slower to develop in California than elsewhere. One is deprivatization. I first heard this term used to describe current changes in Poland's university system, but deprivatization is implicit in the Free College movement launched in U.S. politics by Bernie Sanders. The premise is that people can analyze the effects of privatization, and, if found negative, can lower tuition rather than raise it, raise public funding rather than lower it, reduce student debt rather than increase it, and expand research cost coverage rather than shrink it. Where there's a will there's a way, and the way here is particularly obvious.

A second trend is postmanagerialism--or so I'll call it here. Large private and public organizations now operate under widespread cynicism about their good will and effectiveness. Decreasing proportions of U.S. residents think corporations are on their side. Something similar is happening to public universities, some of which, like UC and CUNY, have tripped themselves up in a series of scandals that shed doubt on their devotion to public service. You don't have to be familiar with the literature about learning organizations to believe that the low-information professor and the cognitively isolated senior manager each undermine universities. Universities need smarter human systems that we have now, and strong shared governance can help bring that about.

A third trend the CUCFA statement reflects is the demand for epistemological diversity, driven in large part by academics working in the global South. Societies are both internally diverse and quite different from each other, and need their university research to reflect variable demands--say for non-GMO pest-resistant crops, or for democratic theory that does not assume constitutional unity or a common language. University diversity has, in recent decades, been undermined by audit culture, which norms universities towards "best practices" represented by the institutions that dominate global rankings, whose template is Anglo-American. As part of its normal operation, audit introduces quantitative management practices that make collaborative governance seem unnecessary: a manager doesn't need to know her faculty and departments and make complex judgments based in large part on informal knowledge, but just have research output measures, impact factors, and rankings of departments and faculty members. Such metrics make personal interactions seem superfluous, and intellectual diversity unnecessary. Such standardization is now being contested and is likely gradually to be pushed aside.
cyberlib  langsec  he-cus  he-hist  he-profit 
october 2016
Marxism and Open Access in the Humanities: Turning Academic Labor against Itself | Golumbia | Workplace: A Journal for Academic Labor
Open Access (OA) is the movement to make academic research available without charge, typically via digital networks. Like many cyberlibertarian causes OA is roundly celebrated by advocates from across the political spectrum. Yet like many of those causes, OA’s lack of clear grounding in an identifiable political framework means that it may well not only fail to serve the political goals of some of its supporters, and may in fact work against them. In particular, OA is difficult to reconcile with Marxist accounts of labor, and on its face appears not to advance but to actively mitigate against achievement of Marxist goals for the emancipation of labor. In part this stems from a widespread misunderstanding of Marx’s own attitude toward intellectual work, which to Marx was not categorically different from other forms of labor, though was in danger of becoming so precisely through the denial of the value of the end products of intellectual work. This dynamic is particularly visible in the humanities, where OA advocacy routinely includes disparagement of academic labor, and of the value produced by that labor.
cyberlib  diglabor  he-cus 
october 2016
Elena Ferrante: An Answer?
Until now, the search has been undertaken by literary critics, who sought to use philological techniques and stylistic analysis to compare Ferrante’s work with that of several of the writers proposed as candidates. A decade ago, at the request of Italian writer Luigi Galella, a team of physicists and mathematicians at La Sapienza University in Rome analyzed Ferrante’s books with special text analysis software. They concluded that there was a “high probability” that the books were written by Starnone, Raja’s husband. Along with him, speculation in the Italian press about “possible Ferrantes” has long centered around Raja, the co-owners of Edizioni e/o, Ferri and Ozzola, several other Italian writers, as well as Ferrante’s American translator, Ann Goldstein. A final addition to the list was Marcella Marmo, a professor of modern history at the Federico II University of Naples, who was named by Dante scholar Marco Santagata on the basis of linguistic parallels between her writing and Ferrante’s and because of a connection with the Scuola Normale, the elite university in Pisa where both Lenù, the main character in the Quartet, and Marmo studied.

But none of these theories have been backed by concrete evidence. By contrast, the new financial information leads directly to Raja, while leaving open the possibility of some kind of unofficial collaboration with her husband, the writer Starnone.
langsec  cyberlib 
october 2016
Eulogy for The New York Times R&D Lab – Medium
The New York Times R&D Lab, a groundbreaking department of applied creative technology that helped one of the great institutions of journalism see how it could thrive amidst a changing media ecosystem, died Monday in New York City. It was eleven years old.
cyberlib  zeitgeist 
september 2016
An Education in Community Technology | Civicist
Yes, the civic tech movement should be shelved. It has run its course. The models of hack nights and civic apps and techno-determinist solutions have proven ineffective.

The dominant social movements of the last five years have next to nothing to do with civic tech. Black Lives Matter, the rise of racist Trumpian political ideas, marriage equity—they owe nothing to civic tech.

These forces used consumer-grade technology like Twitter and Facebook to drive their agendas while civic tech people are checking in code to Github.
cyberlib  zeitgeist 
september 2016
Civic Tech’s Act III is beginning. – Medium
We will come to terms with our history, that our collective privilege allowed us to ignore and possibly displace other movements while we were building apps.
zeitgeist  cyberlib 
september 2016
When infinity gets boring: What went wrong with No Man’s Sky | New Scientist
So where does that leave computer-generated games? For Cook, No Man’s Sky marks the end of one chapter and the beginning of another. “I think the aesthetic of big numbers is dead.”
langsec  quantomania  zeitgeist 
september 2016
The Chomsky Puzzle: Piecing Together a Celebrity Scientist
Chomsky rejects outright Knight’s notion that government funding had any influence whatsoever on his thinking or his behavior. "His main point is based on a total misunderstanding of public funding of research," Chomsky writes. "MIT in those years was about 90 percent funded by the Pentagon. There was precisely zero pressure."
he-cus  langsec  he-hist 
august 2016
The Digital in the Humanities: An Interview with Richard Grusin - Los Angeles Review of Books
[T]he answer is, no, I don’t do digital humanities. To me the role of the digital is as an object of historical and theoretical analysis. [...] [P]rimarily, in terms of my own research, it’s really as an object of critical, historical, and theoretical analysis. [...] I really think the question of mediation is a much more interesting and capacious question than the question of the digital itself. I think the question of the digital in terms of historical, critical, and theoretical analysis is a subset of the question of mediation.
he-hum  dh  dhcrit  he-cus 
august 2016
A Curriculum of Fear — University of Minnesota Press
Welcome to Milton High School, where fear is a teacher’s best tool and every student is a soldier in the war on terror. A struggling public school outside the nation’s capital, Milton sat squarely at the center of two trends: growing fear of resurgent terrorism and mounting pressure to run schools as job training sites. In response, the school established a specialized Homeland Security program. A Curriculum of Fear takes us into Milton for a day-to-day look at how such a program works, what it means to students and staff, and what it says about the militarization of U.S. public schools and, more broadly, the state of public education in this country. Nicole Nguyen guides us through a curriculum of national security–themed classes, electives, and internships designed through public-private partnerships with major defense contractors like Northrop Grumman and federal agencies like the NSA. She introduces us to students in the process of becoming a corps of “diverse workers” for the national security industry, learning to be “vigilant” citizens; and she shows us the everyday realities of a program intended to improve the school, revitalize the community, and eliminate the achievement gap. With reference to critical work on school militarization, neoliberal school reform, the impact of the global war on terror on everyday life, and the political uses of fear, A Curriculum of Fear maps the contexts that gave rise to Milton’s Homeland Security program and its popularity. Ultimately, as the first ethnography of such a program, the book provides a disturbing close encounter with the new normal imposed by the global war on terror—a school at once under siege and actively preparing for the siege itself.
he-hist  he-cus 
august 2016
MLA Journals: The Digital Humanities, Inc.: Literary Criticism and the Fate of a Profession, Vol. 131, No. 2, March 2016 (pp. 324-339)
Abstract: The popularization of the digital humanities and the return to formalism are overdetermined by the perceived crises in the humanities. On the one hand, the new formalism harks back to a professionalizing strategy begun by the New Critics with John Crowe Ransom’s “Criticism, Inc.,” drawing strength from close reading’s original polemic against industrialism. On the other hand, the digital humanities reimagine professional labor in ways that seemingly approximate postindustrial norms. These contradictory but inextricably related visions of professional futures restage a conflict between literature and data, reading and making, that has been misrecognized as a conflict between literature and history. Approaching these tensions by way of historicist critique can illuminate the extent to which the debate between literature and data will define critical practice in the twenty-first century. (AK)
he-hum  he-hist  dh  dhcrit  he-cus 
august 2016
Chapter 19: Returning Arrays
Arrays are ``second-class citizens'' in C. Related to the fact that arrays can't be assigned is the fact that they can't be returned by functions, either; that is, there is no such type as ``function returning array of ...''. In this chapter we'll study three workarounds, three ways to implement a function which attempts to return a string (that is, an array of char) or an array of some other type.
ref  ref-c  proglang  proglang-c 
august 2016
Skimming the Surface: Critiquing Anti-Critique | Benjamin Noys - Academia.edu
I first want to challenge the originality of these forms of "skimming the surface" and to develop the irony, suggested by my opening, that surfaces have been a longer term concern and that various theoretical gestures had already engaged with anti-critique.
he-cus  dhcrit 
august 2016
Matter against Materialism: Bruno Latour and the Turn to Objects | Benjamin Noys - Academia.edu
My point of attack concerns Latour's rehabilitation of matter, primarily in the form of objects, posed against materialism — which is to say posed against broadly Marxist currents that insist on the role of the economic, on the ensemble of social and historical relations, as crucial to the analysis of literature.
he-cus  dhcrit 
august 2016
Amid declining book sales, university presses search for new ways to measure success
Like Michigan, the UNC Press is seeing concerning numbers about ebook sales and use. The press has offered digital editions of its books for almost a decade, and the usage analytics are “not looking great, to be honest,” Sherer said.
he-hum  diglabor  he-socmed 
august 2016
“Neoliberalism” Has Two Meanings
[N]eoliberalism has two meanings. Of course it has many more than two meanings, but it has two important, current, distinct, somewhat related meanings, and they get invoked in close enough proximity to each other so as to sometimes cause serious confusion. (The correct title for this post should really be “‘Neoliberalism’ Has (at Least) Two Meanings,” but the simpler version sounds better.) The existence of these two meanings may even explain some of the denials that the term means anything at all.
he-hist  he-cus 
july 2016
The Hangman of Critique - Los Angeles Review of Books
As postcriticism grows, we should critically assess its promise and perils. Our assessment should take seriously Felski’s claim that being postcritical needn’t require abandoning critique. And if postcritics are indeed neither “uncritical” nor “anticritical,” they will welcome such scrutiny. But to be open to criticism requires being open to the possibility that the critics might be right. Our best arguments may compel us to reject or demand more of the postcritical project.
he-hist  he-hum  he-cus 
july 2016
Fortran 90 reference
As I started using Fortran, I found a number of references online, but none were completely satisfactory to me. Being familiar with C/C++, though, there was little comparison with features in C. For instance, are the logical and/or operators short-circuiting, as they are in C? (Not really.) Is “if ( 1 )” valid? (It is not.) I also found many of the online examples to be poorly formatted and hard to read. Minimally, code should be lowercase, not shouting in uppercase, and indented. Some documents listed things like intrinsic functions with little or no explanation. I really needed an online quick reference to check on legal and recommended syntax. I also find that writing a guide is a great way to learn all the subtleties of a language. Hence this guide.
ref  proglang  proglang-fortran  doc 
july 2016
Fortran in a C World: Ternary Operator ?
I used to be jealous of C because they had the inline-if and I believed that Fortran did not. Fortunately for us, Fortran added this inline-if into the 1995 standard. Unfortunately, they chose the most random of intrinsic function names I have ever heard of: merge.
proglang  proglang-fortran 
july 2016
The Descent to C
This article attempts to give a sort of ‘orientation tour’ for people whose previous programming background is in high (ish) level languages such as Java or Python, and who now find that they need or want to learn C. C is quite different, at a fundamental level, from languages like Java and Python. However, well-known books on C (such as the venerable Kernighan & Ritchie) tend to have been written before Java and Python changed everyone's expectations of a programming language, so they might well not stop to explain the fundamental differences in outlook before getting into the nitty-gritty language details. Someone with experience of higher-level languages might therefore suffer a certain amount of culture shock when picking up such a book. My aim is to help prevent that, by warning about the culture shocks in advance.
proglang  proglang-c 
july 2016
The Digital in the Humanities: An Interview with David Golumbia - Los Angeles Review of Books
If DH had been called computational literary studies — if what they wanted to do was study large corpuses and databases of literature — I don’t think we would be having this discussion. Digital humanists have created this problem for themselves — do they fit into a department or don’t they? I would really like to see DH move away from the idea that it covers all of the humanities — which I think is false — and parcel itself out into disciplinary studies.
dh  dhcrit  he-cus 
june 2016
U. of Chicago Faculty and Students Protest Layoffs of Departmental Aides – The Ticker - Blogs - The Chronicle of Higher Education
In a statement, officials said the university was committed to aggressive spending on new academic programs, facilities, and financial-aid packages that it could not continue without cutbacks elsewhere.

Among the humanities-division employees who received layoff notices was Alicia Czaplewski, a longtime secretary in South Asian languages and civilizations whom a former doctoral student described in a petition as “a foster mother to generations of grad students and scholars alike.” The petition urges university leaders to reconsider their staffing decisions. Nearly 600 people had signed it as of Sunday night.
he-crash 
june 2016
Cling | ROOT a Data analysis Framework
Cling is an interactive C++ interpreter, built on the top of LLVM and Clang libraries. Its advantages over the standard interpreters are that it has command line prompt and uses just-in-time (JIT) compiler for compilation.
dev  dev-c  proglang  proglang-c  proglang-repl 
june 2016
After the Gold Rush: MOOCs, Money, and the Untold Story of a Professor Who 'Bought the Hype'
Richard McKenzie thought that free, online courses could change higher education, and maybe his life. That was before his own class fell apart.
cyberlib  edtech  he-cus  zeitgeist 
june 2016
What the Slowdown in Ed-Tech Investment Means for Colleges - The Chronicle of Higher Education
Silicon Valley has been enthusiastically throwing money into education companies in recent years, leading to a boom in the so-called ed-tech sector. But those investment dollars have slowed down this year, leading some to wonder whether higher education will now face fewer attempts at "disruption" from the business sector.
he-crash  zeitgeist  cyberlib 
june 2016
Reverse engineering the popular 555 timer chip (CMOS version)
This article explains how the LMC555 timer chip works, from the tiny transistors and resistors on the silicon chip, to the functional units such as comparators and current mirrors that make it work. The popular 555 timer integrated circuit is said to be the world's best-selling integrated circuit with billions sold since it was designed in 1970 by analog IC wizard Hans Camenzind[1]. The LMC555 is a low-power CMOS version of the 555; instead of the bipolar transistors in the classic 555 (which I described earlier), the CMOS chip is built from low-power MOS transistors.
comp-hist 
june 2016
On campus, voting behavior varies widely across college majors, regions
Students in STEM fields were less likely than their peers to vote -- and across all disciplines, engineering and math majors (at 35 percent) were the least likely to vote.
he-hum 
june 2016
Digital History: Der Irrtum der Zeitmaschinisten - NZZ Zeitgeschehen
Wenn doch die Adepten der Digital History, da sie schon methodologisch so gedankenlos sind, wenigstens einen Sinn für Melancholie hätten! Michel de Certeau, auch er ein französischer Geschichtstheoretiker, hat geschrieben, dass die Geschichtswissenschaft, die vom unwiederbringlich Verlorenen handle, sowohl eine Science-Fiction als auch eine Trauerarbeit sei. Dass man die Vergangenheit auf einer chronologischen Achse inventarisiere, sei ein Verdrängungsakt angesichts der Vergänglichkeit. Gegen die Vergänglichkeit fährt die Digital History ihren zeitblinden, unsensiblen Szientismus auf.
dh  dhcrit 
may 2016
Bulletin! The ‘Internet’ Is About to Get Smaller
The New York Times announced that it would join The Associated Press in lowercasing the name of the global network beginning June 1.
comp-hist 
may 2016
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