ayamnotkambing + history   42

Restoring the People's “Third Vote” - New Naratif
The history and practice of local elections and local democracy are deeply embedded in Malaya, and it remains to be seen whether there will be a revival of local elections in Malaysia. Democracy in Malaysia took a giant leap forward when the principle of peaceful transition of power through elections was faithfully adhered to. However, the progress of local democracy in Malaysia remains stagnant. Malaysians are still awaiting their long forgotten “third vote” to have a local government that’s by the people, for the people, and of the people.
history  politics  malaysia 
12 weeks ago by ayamnotkambing
Is Heidegger Contaminated by Nazism? | The New Yorker
Trawny was unmoved by the idea of discretion; instead, he wanted to double down and talk it all out in public. “There’s a point where we have to say, ‘No, no, this is a point we cannot contextualize anymore,’ ” he said. “There is a responsibility to say, ‘It’s impossible—Heidegger, you cannot say that!… Even if you are the greatest philosopher of the twentieth century, this is over the limit.’ ” At the same time, he saw a way out for Heidegger in one of the philosopher’s own concepts, “errancy”—the idea that human beings are not calculators, but conjecturers, and that being wrong is, therefore, an irreducible part of being a person.
history  philosophy  nazis 
12 weeks ago by ayamnotkambing
Racial Capitalism and the Dark Proletariat | Boston Review
my first introduction to racial capitalism as a specific concept
politics  philosophy  history 
march 2018 by ayamnotkambing
The Root of All Cruelty? | The New Yorker
'The limitations of the dehumanization thesis are hardly good news. There has always been something optimistic about the idea that our worst acts of inhumanity are based on confusion. It suggests that we could make the world better simply by having a clearer grasp of reality—by deactivating those brain implants, or their ideological equivalent. The truth may be harder to accept: that our best and our worst tendencies arise precisely from seeing others as human.' violence as a means to enact morality
sociology  psychology  politics  history  war 
march 2018 by ayamnotkambing
History of the word "tea": How the word "tea" spread over land and sea — Quartz
Both versions come from China. How they spread around the world offers a clear picture of how globalization worked before “globalization” was a term anybody used. The words that sound like “cha” spread across land, along the Silk Road. The “tea”-like phrasings spread over water, by Dutch traders bringing the novel leaves back to Europe.
food  history  linguistics 
january 2018 by ayamnotkambing
Vadim Nikitin · Diary · LRB 30 November 2017
The time capsule was buried in a secluded square in Murmansk in 1967 on the eve of the fiftieth anniversary of the Russian Revolution. Inside was a message dedicated to the citizens of the Communist future. At short notice, the authorities brought forward the capsule’s exhumation by ten days, to coincide with the city’s 101st birthday. With the stroke of an official’s pen, a mid-century Soviet relic was enlisted to honour one of the last acts of Tsar (now Saint) Nicholas II, who founded my hometown in October 1916. From socialism to monarchism in ten days. Some of the city’s pensioners accused the local government of trying to suppress the sacred memory of the revolution. ‘Our forefathers would be turning in their graves,’ one woman wrote in a letter to the local paper. The time capsule ‘is not some kind of birthday present to the city; it’s a reminder of the centenary of the great October Revolution and its human cost.’
[...] Progress was slow. With no sign of the capsule, an archived copy of the original text was produced and handed to a retired local actor. ‘Our dear successors, fellow citizens,’ he read out: ‘We are gathered here on the eve of the fiftieth anniversary of the Great October Revolution, at the foot of a sacred place: the Monument to the Victims of the Intervention. Through five subsequent decades, we extend our hand in brotherly greeting from 1967.’ The letter listed the achievements of the preceding generation: ‘In a half-century of Soviet rule, a sleepy, derelict Russian hinterland became a large industrial and cultural centre, a beautiful city of 300,000. In the tundra we built mines and factories, created a mighty fleet, laid roads and learned to grow rich harvests in the thin Arctic soil.’ There was a smattering of applause. ‘We are proud and happy to live in the 20th century, which signalled the start of the transition from capitalism to socialism,’ he read on. ‘We are certain that you, our descendants, will complete the revolutionary transformation of the world.’ Awkward pause. ‘We even confess to being a little envious of you, who will live to see with your own eyes the fruits of our labours. We took the first step into space; you will fly to other planets. Try to remember us, your ancestors, who built your city and gave their lives to building communism. Fiercely love your wonderful motherland! Let the eternal fire of immortal Leninist ideas always burn brightly in your hearts – the fire of revolution sparked in the unforgettable year, 1917.’
history  politics  russia 
november 2017 by ayamnotkambing
The Tragedy of the Commons: How Elinor Ostrom Solved One of Life's Greatest Dilemmas - Evonomics
Unbeknownst to me, another heretic named Elinor Ostrom was also challenging the received wisdom in her field of political science. Starting with her thesis research on how a group of stakeholders in southern California cobbled together a system for managing their water table, and culminating in her worldwide study of common-pool resource (CPR) groups, the message of her work was that groups are capable of avoiding the tragedy of the commons without requiring top-down regulation, at least if certain conditions are met (Ostrom 1990, 2010). She summarized the conditions in the form of eight core design principles: 1) Clearly defined boundaries; 2) Proportional equivalence between benefits and costs; 3) Collective choice arrangements; 4) Monitoring; 5) Graduated sanctions; 6) Fast and fair conflict resolution; 7) Local autonomy; 8) Appropriate relations with other tiers of rule-making authority (polycentric governance). This work was so groundbreaking that Ostrom was awarded the Nobel Prize in economics in 2009.
history  culture  politics  sociology  anthropology  biology 
november 2017 by ayamnotkambing
The problem with the Romans is they always try to walk it in
this is amazing.'What’s doubly insidious is when the speaker uses weaponised Latin in the middle of a debate — whether with the wider public, or with an individual. This is because it instantly undermines the “oh just Google or learn it” argument. The first would require breaking away from the conversation, and the second neatly dodges around the fact that for a lot of people time isn’t a luxury, it’s a commodity. [...] Without realising it at the time, what I’d actually landed on was the inverted class attack. [...]Surprisingly, as a technique it does actually work. Not as a way of stopping annoying people from using Latin as a verbal weapon forever, but at least as a way of breaking their flow and (occasionally) making them realise what they’re doing is at best silly and at worst disingenuous.
history  politics  linguistics  football 
october 2017 by ayamnotkambing
How the Muslim World Lost the Freedom to Choose – Foreign Policy
Ispahani identifies four stages in Pakistan’s loss of minority rights and growing intolerance. The first stage was the “Muslimization” of society, with transfer of non-Muslim populations out of Pakistan around the time of independence, followed by the rise of an Islamic identity with the loss of East Pakistan. Then came the Islamization of laws under Zia-ul-Haq in the 1980s, and finally the rise of militant, organized violence.
pakistan  muslim-world  islam  islamic-culture  sociology  politics  history  fundamentalism 
october 2017 by ayamnotkambing
Bras in Space: The Incredible True Story Behind Upcoming Film Spacesuit | WhereToWatch.com
The creation of the Apollo AL7 Pressure Garment is one of the great American stories of the past forty-plus years. When America pitched itself into the great Space Race, and president Kennedy declared we’d have a man on the moon by the end of the decade, among many of the colossal obstacles NASA had to face was how to make a suit that could withstand space’s incredibly hostile environment. NASA turned the creation of the spacesuit into a competition (largely dominated by military contractors)—and it was assumed a military contractor would win the day.

Instead, pitted against the military-industrial complex, Playtex created the 21-layer spacesuit, each layer distinct yet interrelated in function to the rest of the whole—a masterly combination of elegance, complexity, and form. Where the military contractors created cybernetic, armor-like suits (that failed, and failed again), Playtex's vision was one of crucial softness, world class stitching, and perfect design. Traditional engineering firms could not figure out how to meet all the mission requirements and create a functioning suit that would keep the Apollo astronauts alive. The seamstresses at Playtex, with their years of experience fashioning girdles and bras, could, and did.
history  space  sewing  fashion  textiles 
october 2017 by ayamnotkambing
Concrete clickbait: next time you share a spomenik photo, think about what it means — The Calvert Journal
Photos of Yugoslav monuments known as spomeniks are often shared online, exoticised and wrenched from context. But now, argues Owen Hatherley, it is vital that we make the effort to understand what they truly represent
history  architecture  politics  anti-fascism 
october 2017 by ayamnotkambing
FACT CHECK: Were Nazis Socialists?
coopted rhetorical points of socialism, and the tactics of socialism, but in service of a fascist worldview tht replaces class war with race war.
history  politics  nationalism  nazis 
october 2017 by ayamnotkambing
What Do We Do With Cinematic Monuments to the Confederacy?
It would be simpler, under this guise, to brand Gone With the Wind as a Confederate monument that, despite its gorgeous construction, is too saddled by racism to enjoy, and should be resigned to the past. But that is a half measure. It lets modern Hollywood off the hook for displaying similar, casual racism, albeit in different forms, and modern white people from understanding the thorny truths the film holds. Gone With the Wind is not only the most successful Hollywood film about slavery, it’s the most instructive. Not because it dutifully recreates actual history — far from it actually. Better than any film, Gone With the Wind is a searing, accidental portrait about the American mythology around slavery. The mythology Gone With the Wind extols about cheery, simple-minded slaves who are unerringly faithful to their abusers and the beauty of a lost South isn’t trapped in the amber of another time. It exists today in the loathsome, venomous beating heart at the core of American life. If Gone With the Wind were consigned to the past, it would make it easier for many to forget how indicative it is of our present.
pop-culture  film  racism  history  culture 
september 2017 by ayamnotkambing
Southern Comfort | by James M. McPherson | The New York Review of Books
examining the big lie of state rights in american politics, when it has always been abt whatever that is convenient to justify american white supremacy and racism
history  politics  war  slavery  racism  usa 
august 2017 by ayamnotkambing
Among the Norse Tribes: The Remarkable Account of Ibn Fadlan
article on how imperial muslim travellers documented the vikings they encountered, forming a substantial text of reference for latter day historians and anthropologists
history  muslim-world  anthropology  vikings  islamic-culture 
august 2017 by ayamnotkambing
Primary Colors: On Democratic Presidential Politics, Neoliberalism, and the White Working Class – AGENDA.
But it remains an inescapable fact that the white working class, largely over race and social issues, has, for decades, helped sink progressive candidates that may have stalled or prevented the party’s full capture by neoliberal centrism and the moneyed interests their move to the center has benefited. In doing so, they’ve not only voted against their interests, as the cliche goes, but also voted against the interests of those worse off than themselves—poorer whites hurt even more acutely by the cuts to programs and middling policy solutions pushed forward by the Republican and conservative Democratic politicians the white working class has taken a shine to, as well as minorities doubly impacted by regressive economic policy and racism.
politics  usa  history  racism  sociology 
july 2017 by ayamnotkambing
Einstein’s Little-Known Passion Project? A Refrigerator | WIRED
we could've used this model and not caused a destruction of the ozone layer
science  history  physics 
july 2017 by ayamnotkambing
Pentagon study declares American empire is ‘collapsing’
An extraordinary new Pentagon study has concluded that the U.S.-backed international order established after World War 2 is “fraying” and may even be “collapsing”, leading the United States to lose its position of “primacy” in world affairs.

The solution proposed to protect U.S. power in this new “post-primacy” environment is, however, more of the same: more surveillance, more propaganda (“strategic manipulation of perceptions”) and more military expansionism.
war  imperialism  politics  history  usa  international-development 
july 2017 by ayamnotkambing
#100 Friends and Blasphemers - Gimlet Media
revisiting the story of why Livejournal became Russian-owned. more of a testimonial on how it went down politically in Russia, from the perspective of dissidents and activists affected.
podcast  livejournal  tech  social-media  history  politics  journalism  russia  censorship  activism 
july 2017 by ayamnotkambing

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