asterisk2a + commute   4

Public Investment Payoff Not Necessarily About Efficiency
electrification of public rail - reduce emissions and improve public health (health hazard of diesel train engines proven - for passengers and residents). also improve public health - people ditching their cars! // 8:40 each additional public capital investment might be less valuable after the first road to the sea port. but that does not factor in types and public health and safety. road vs train. diesel train vs electric train. slow train vs faster electric magnetic safe low maintenance train w auto pilot (augmented intelligence). less public health risks, less health hazard, more public safety = less economic damage through a less sicker population (health care cost, health care demand, less work hours lost, higher productivity - healthy, happy people) but micro and macro economists do not put this into their GDP - well being, happiness, public health. // beijings hazardous hair will prove to be hughe economic cost (public health) down the road (chronic pulmonary conditions and cancer = lower productivity, lower discretionary spending because of spending goes to medicine and medical care and down the road leads to old age poverty for some if not the family).
underinvestment  public  investment  austerity  infrastructure  investment  infrastructure  productivity  productivity  gap  productive  investment  rentier  rent-seeking  commute  commuter  commuting  well  being  public  health  UK  Fossil  fuel  industry  fuel  public  health  policy  Richard  Koo  economic  history  recovery  dogma  ideology  free  market  neoliberal  neoliberalism  microeconomic  policy  added  value  USA  investment  spending  R&D  nominal  GDP  targeting  GDP  George  Osborne  output  gap  public  capital  ROI 
april 2016 by asterisk2a
Konzept gegen Wohnungsnot: Höher, enger, dichter
In deutschen Großstädten fehlen Wohnungen und freie Flächen. Die sogenannte "Nachverdichtung" könnte die Wohnungsnot mindern. Das Potenzial ist groß - doch Anwohner sind oft alles andere als begeistert. [ ... In ballungsgebieten ...] 2030 würden dann bereits eine Million Wohnungen fehlen. [...] Das gelingt nicht immer. Wird zu stark verdichtet, geht das zulasten der Wohnqualität - die Menschen leiden unter mehr Lärm und Verkehr, haben weniger Freizeitflächen in ihrer Umgebung. Entstehen mehrheitlich Eigentums- oder teure Mietwohnungen, ist der neue Wohnraum für viele nicht bezahlbar - das beschleunigt die Gentrifizierung. [... Active change in Planning Laws to allow new types of developments ... ] Die Bundesregierung unterstützt Nachverdichtung, indem sie Kommunen zum Beispiel mehr Spielräume für die Bebauung von Innenstadtflächen einräumt.
Skyscraper  urban  planning  urbanisation  public  transport  public  transportation  pollution  affordability  affordable  housing  standard  of  living  living  standard  city  living  quality  of  life  noise  pollution  air  pollution  Micro  Apartment  minimalism  minimalismus  Gentrified  Gentrifzierung  gentrification  Generation  Rent  mega  city  urban  living  urban  transportation  commute  commuter  commuting 
march 2016 by asterisk2a
Commuters who shun car travel keep slimmer, study concludes
People who cycle, walk or catch the train or bus to work keep more weight off than commuters who travel by car, a large UK study has found.
The results come from 150,000 UK adults aged 40 or older who agreed to be measured and weighed and fill in a survey about their typical journey to and from work.
Cycling came out as the best activity for staying trim, followed by walking.
But even those who used public transport were leaner than car users. [...] Even when they factored in differences such as leisure-time, exercise, diet and occupation, the trend between commute method and bodyweight remained.
convenience  sedentary  lifestyle  commute  commuter  commuting  Cycling  public  transport  public  transportation  infrastructure  investment  carbon  tax  public  health  pollution  air  pollution  sick  population  health  crisis  health  care  spending  health  care  budget  obesity  epidemic  overweight  prevention  intervention 
march 2016 by asterisk2a
BBC News - Readers' tales of extreme commuting
research has shown that anything more than 45 minutes is additional stress.
commute  commuting  work  life  balance 
january 2014 by asterisk2a

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