aries1988 + italia   46

Italy’s erotic revolution in art joined the lusty to the divine | Aeon Ideas

Like most revolutions, this one was hardly total. It differed from the ‘sexual revolution’ of the 1960s in that it didn’t change social history, and no new contraceptive device liberated women from the endless cycle of marriage or prostitution. A more accurate phrase would be ‘erotic-aesthetic revolution’, radically changing the way that Italians conceived, created and thought about art.
pornography  art  painting  italia  Renaissance  aesthetics 
august 2019 by aries1988
Latin is dead—yet it also lives on - Johnson

A millennium or so after Cicero’s moans, in other words, Europeans spoke a range of tongues that were nevertheless related to each other and to Latin. What happened next in Italy had as much to do with politics as with the dynamics of languages. The contrast with its northern neighbour is instructive. France was unified by the conquest of territory spreading out from Paris; the conquerors brought Parisian speech with them, and that became “French”. A mighty state then did its best to teach that language everywhere, and to eradicate local variants.

Italy was unified far later, in the 19th century. “Italian” was thus created by the pen, not the sword. The 13th- and 14th-century works of Dante, Petrarch and Boccaccio were the peninsula’s most revered literature. So when, in the 16th century, Pietro Bembo sat down to write a grammar for the prestige language of their texts, he used their (by now rather old) Tuscan dialect as his model. In this way “Italian” was born—though Bembo titled his book simply “Writings on the Vulgar Tongue”. It soon spread to elites in other regions.
italia  origin  latin  language 
june 2019 by aries1988
The Airbnb Invasion of Barcelona

From the local government’s perspective, the change was a success: the year after the restrictions were introduced, the number of visitors fell to 2.3 million. Still, the flow remains constant. When I arrived at Park Güell at 11 a.m. on a Tuesday morning in February—hardly peak season—I couldn’t get in for another two and a half hours. When I finally entered the monumental core, at a cost of ten euros, it was as bustling as Coney Island’s boardwalk on a sunny Sunday afternoon, and Instagramming admirers formed a mob around Gaudí’s lizard.

The development was sold to the city in 1922, four years after Güell’s death, and became a beloved public park, with the lizard as its icon. In time, Park Güell proved too beloved for its own good, and by 2013 nine million visitors were traipsing through it annually. “The Park has almost stopped being used as a park,” a municipal report noted at the time. It had become, instead, a “tourist place.” That year, in an effort to mitigate the damage and crowding caused by so much foot traffic, the city introduced a fee to access the park’s “monumental core,” which includes Gaudí’s staircase, and also limited the number of tickets sold to eight hundred an hour.

Policy decisions in Madrid, and in Catalonia, encouraged a boom, and framed it as an economic-survival strategy, especially after the global financial crisis of 2008. City officials successfully sold Barcelona to the international market as an especially fun European destination, with good weather, pretty beaches, lively night life, and just enough in the way of museums and architecture to provide diversion without requiring an onerous cultural itinerary.

There are almost twenty thousand active Airbnb listings in Barcelona. Even in residential neighborhoods, the sounds of dozens of wheelie suitcases rattling over the cobblestones after an 11 a.m. checkout—and of late-night revellers sampling the bars that have sprung up to cater to them—have become as reliable as the bells of the Sagrada Familia, Gaudí’s unfinished drip-castle cathedral.

Tourism counts for nearly twelve per cent of Barcelona’s economy. But up until the end of the twentieth century Barcelona was seen primarily as an industrial port. Its international profile rose dramatically when it hosted the 1992 Summer Olympics. Among other refurbishments, city planners redeveloped the derelict waterfront and renovated a beach on a spit of land known as the Barceloneta. A new promenade featured a glittering hundred-and-seventy-foot-long stainless-steel sculpture of a fish, by Frank Gehry.

It’s easy to see why having your local plaza invaded by naked foreigners could be objectionable when you’re trying to do your grocery shopping. It is less obvious what harm is caused by a new café offering reclaimed-wood trestle tables, free Wi-Fi, and a flat white. In some respects, the growth of Airbnb in Barcelona is not so much a local issue as an example of a global trend in urban gentrification.

Data-analytics software enables Airbnb to identify parts of the world that are starting to attract interest from visitors, and these destinations are then recommended to other adventurous travellers, through a promotional campaign titled Not Yet Trending. Recent picks include Xiamen, a coastal city in China opposite Taiwan; the Outer Hebrides, in Scotland; and Uzbekistan.

Towns in rural Italy are also promoting themselves to visitors: last year, Airbnb began a program intended to encourage tourism in rarely visited villages. Among them are Apricale, a mountaintop settlement in Liguria, and Pisticci, a hamlet in the far south of the country.
barcelona  airbnb  conflict  city  quartier  tourist  Tourism  gentrification  interview  concept  profit  immobilier  travel  italia  from instapaper
april 2019 by aries1988
一席 | 万象 建筑史话

rome  italia  architecture  movie  podcast  learn  artefact  course 
december 2018 by aries1988
Prêts à des entreprises d'origines différentes
Risque conjoncturel : Les niveaux de défaut des paiements des PME dans les trois pays n’est pas le même. 4% des prêts aux PME en France font défaut par an, 9,5% en Espagne et 18,5% en Italie
numbers  pme  europe  espagna  italia  france  investment  economy  from instapaper
november 2018 by aries1988
Behemoth, bully, thief: how the English language is taking over the planet

Yet the influence of English now goes beyond simple lexical borrowing or literary influence. Researchers at the IULM University in Milan have noticed that, in the past 50 years, Italian syntax has shifted towards patterns that mimic English models, for instance in the use of possessives instead of reflexives to indicate body parts and the frequency with which adjectives are placed before nouns. German is also increasingly adopting English grammatical forms, while in Swedish its influence has been changing the rules governing word formation and phonology.

To me, family intimacies long to be expressed in Polish. So does anything concerning the seasons, forest products and catastrophic sorrows. Poetry naturally sounds better in Polish. I’ve always spoken it to cats and dogs on the assumption that they understand, being simultaneously convinced that raccoons and lesser animals only respond to shouts.
evolution  language  english  italia  feeling  family  moi  gaijin 
july 2018 by aries1988
Austria and Italy clash over South Tyrol citizenship proposal
Vienna proposes citizenship for residents of region formerly part of Austro-Hungarian empire
italia  austria  war  ww1  today 
december 2017 by aries1988
Dans le Piémont, un délice du bout des Langhes
L’un de ses produits stars, c’est la noisette du Piémont, ou Tonda Gentile delle Langhe, considérée comme le must de la noisette. C’est avec cette variété d’aveline, dont il achète plusieurs tonnes par an, qu’il fabrique depuis 2014 une pâte à tartiner aux antipodes d’une certaine pâte industrielle (trop) célèbre : sa Casse-Noisette contient 63 % de noisettes (du Piémont exclusivement), tandis que le Nutella n’en contient que 13 %, essentiellement en provenance de Turquie, le numéro un mondial de la production nucicole.

« La noisette du Piémont ne représente que 2 % du marché mondial, mais sa notoriété est sans frontières, assure Pier Giorgio Mollea : elle est ronde et douce, croquante et fine, avec une palette aromatique puissante, due à une quantité d’acide oléique élevée. C’est tout un terroir, un microclimat, des températures continentales et la proximité de la mer… »
october 2017 by aries1988
In the Tonnara
In these buildings, every scrap of the tuna was used, even the blood and the fat, just as my people butchered their hogs in West Virginia and Pennsylvania. The choice cuts are obvious, and the dried roe (bottarga) is especially prized, but in the tonnara, the fish’s entrails and offal also were salted or preserved in oil for various uses, and difficult portions such as the joints and buzzonaglia were accorded care. Even the lattume, the male Bluefin’s sac of seminal fluid, was kept for the table.

I was drawn again and again to the tonnare. Only now do I realize I was fatigued by the endless palazzi and cathedrals of the rich that one is pointed to in Italy. It was refreshing to encounter a place where typical people—workers—lived and made a living.

For all we romanticize the notion of “work” in America, and as much as the politicians shill for it, the daily life of a laborer is the first thing to slip the collective memory. Instead, our children are taken to visit the mansion, the cathedral, or the art museum where the dirty money was poured. The factories corrode. The roof falls in. The weather comes. I remember bored teenage friends throwing rocks at the high windows of Dalzell-Viking Glass—their people had surely worked there blowing glass, but no one had a sense that it was of any importance. I didn’t either, not at the time. I probably would have thrown a rock had I any athletic ability.
sicily  italia  factory  renovation  city  village  gentrification  local  life  region  essay  love  fish  sea 
october 2017 by aries1988
How Latin became the language of the Roman Empire | Unravel Magazine

most importantly of all, the Etruscans gave the Latin-speaking people the means to make Latin a written language: an adapted version of a Greek alphabet.

Surprisingly, it is more structurally similar to Central Asian Turkish than any of the Italic languages, or even its contemporaries farther afield such as Punic, Greek, or Gaulish [4].
latin  language  origin  history  italia  comparison 
october 2017 by aries1988
Shakespeare’s Cure for Xenophobia | The New Yorker
This is hardly an arrangement to celebrate in the twenty-first century, but it was an early attempt in modern history at a form of modus vivendi that would permit Venetians to live in proximity to an intensely disliked but useful neighbor. The usefulness was not universally acknowledged. At the time, in Italy and elsewhere, itinerant preachers were stirring up mobs to demand the expulsion of the Jews, as had been done recently in Spain and Portugal and, centuries earlier, in England. A scant generation later, Martin Luther, in Germany, urged the Protestant faithful to raze the Jews’ synagogues, schools, and houses, to forbid their rabbis on pain of death to teach, and to burn all Jewish prayer books and Talmudic writings. At the time that the ghetto was created, there were people still living who could remember when three Venetian Jews, accused of the ritual killing of Christians for their blood, were convicted of this entirely fantastical crime and burned to death. In Venice, locking the Jews up at night may have given them a small measure of protection from the paranoid fears of those with whom they dealt during the day. The ghetto was a compromise formation, neither absorption nor expulsion. It was a topographical expression of extreme ambivalence.

Even after a lifetime of studying Shakespeare, I cannot always tell you precisely how he achieved this extraordinary life-making. I sometimes picture him attaching his characters like leeches to his arms and allowing them to suck his lifeblood.
shakespeare  italia  jew  human  theater 
july 2017 by aries1988
"Very relieved to be safe" - the terrifying moment and crew were caught up in Mount Etna eruption…
volcano  video  italia  sicily  from twitter_favs
march 2017 by aries1988
Can Women Bring Down Trump? 
Italian women have some advice for American women based on their experience with Berlusconi.
italia  female  advice  american  2016  politics  sexism 
november 2016 by aries1988
For the love of pizza | The Economist
that certified “Pizza Napoletana TSG” must consist of a base of twice-leavened, hand-shaped dough (no rolling pin), no wider than 35cm. It must be 0.4cm thick at the centre and 1cm-2cm around the rim. It may be garnished in just three ways: with tomatoes and extra-virgin olive oil, or with certified mozzarella from either buffalo’s or cow’s milk. It must be baked in a wood-fired oven and eaten on the spot, not frozen or vacuum-packed.

This is culinary dogmatism.

Italians like to think that their art, culture and way of life will lift them out of economic torpor. But the sacralisation of heritage is a millstone. Italy has seen almost no productivity growth in more than a decade, in part because its firms remain small: on average they count seven employees, about the size of a family-run pizzeria. Artisan products offer no salvation. Italy has no global food chains to speak of (or even big retailers, such as France’s Carrefour). It may be home to espresso, but the next-door Swiss invented Nespresso.

Look closely at a Neapolitan pizza: the succulent tomatoes came from the New World; the best mozzarella is made from the milk of the buffalo, an Asian beast that may have arrived in Italy with the barbarian tribes who conquered Rome; the aromatic basil originates from India. Neapolitan migrants carried pizza across Italy and America. The genius of Italy lies in its inventiveness and adaptability—not in a hallowed land, nor in an imagined tradition canonised by the state. That way lies paralysis and cultural fossilisation.
food  italia  pizza 
august 2016 by aries1988
Marconi forged today's interconnected world of communication | New Scientist
He may not have had Einstein's orginality, but Marconi pioneered the modern communication systems that led to cellphones and the internet

After Marconi’s death, Franklin wrote of his boss with a mixture of respect and criticism: “His scientific knowledge was weak, his engineering knowledge was weak, but he had a damned lot of intuition and common sense. He may have initiated the beam system but he didn’t know a thing about it.”
book  leader  communication  italia  engineering  radio  invention 
august 2016 by aries1988
David’s Ankles: How Imperfections Could Bring Down the World’s Most Perfect Statue
For several hundred years, the David leaned at an angle of several degrees. That doesn’t sound like much, but when you’re dealing with six tons bearing down every second of every minute of every day of every year of every century, it is plenty. Hairline fractures worked their way slowly through the stone. The right leg is significantly worse than the left. As the tilt of the statue increases, the stress will move higher and higher up that leg, until — at the moment of failure — it will break off just below the knee.

for no discernible reason, my eyes would dart away from my interlocutor, urgently, right over one of his or her shoulders, and the shift would be so sudden that the person would whip his or her head around to see what on earth I was looking at — a policeman or an exotic bird or a runaway train — but it would turn out that there was nothing there at all. My gaze had been flicked away by a little spasm of social discomfort.

The David’s journey took four days, at the end of which it was installed, to much fanfare, out in the public square. It would stand in that same spot for the next 369 years, a period during which it would be shaken by thunder, hit by carts and smeared with bird feces.
social  self  anxiety  perfection  journalsim  florence  italia  history  art  state  today  preservation  earthquake  youth  philosophy  book  from instapaper
august 2016 by aries1988
What should you read this summer? A mega reading list
Supplement to the Italian Dictionary by Bruno Munari
“How could you do all of the following without uttering a word? Issue an invitation. Ask for the check. Say no. Convey happiness, sorrow or fury. Congratulate someone. Threaten them. Tell them to call you, to come closer, to step aside or that you love them. The brilliant mid-20th-century Italian designer and design theorist Bruno Munari showed how to express all of those things without speaking through hand gestures, facial expressions and attitudes of the body in his 1963 Supplement to the Italian Dictionary. His book is an inspired and engaging analysis not only of improvisational design but of the Italian psyche.” — Alice Rawsthorn (TED Talk: Pirates, nurses and other rebel designers).
list  TED  italia  language  book  read  instapaper_favs  from instapaper
july 2016 by aries1988
The Beguiling Charm of a Return Visit to Sicily
The author traveled with three generations of family to one of her favorite places on earth and wondered: Can you ever go back again?
sicily  italia  tourist 
may 2016 by aries1988
Searching for Signs of Hannibal’s Route in DNA from Horse Manure - The New Yorker

The ability to test soil directly for genetic material has extended archeology beyond the quest for the usual biological suspects, such as microscopic fossils. The whole business of looking at sediments is bubbling up now—it is taking off because of advances in DNA sequencing, Pallen said. There is a realization that the environment is full of DNA . . . and you can detect it in sediments even in the absence of fossil remains.
genetics  discovery  alpe  italia  spqr  war  warrior  antiquity  animal  archaeology  from instapaper
may 2016 by aries1988
To Catch a Scammer in Madrid
Desperate attempts to track down an Internet swindler in person.
story  italia  espagna  money 
january 2016 by aries1988


explained  coffee  italia  today  numbers  business  from instapaper
august 2015 by aries1988
How To Make Perfect Stovetop Espresso Coffee with a Bialetti Moka Pot
Screw the jug part of the pot back onto the base, and put the pot on a low heat on the hob. If you turn up the heat too high, the coffee will boil in the pot and taste bitter.
My own 6-cup Moka Pot takes about five minutes or so to make the coffee. Many people recommend taking the pot off the heat as soon as it starts to make gurgling noises, but if you use a very low heat, you may find that removing the pot too soon leaves the reservoir half full and the pot half empty. Using a low heat means that the coffee never boils, so you won’t have to worry about the coffee tasting bitter.
cafe  howto  italia 
june 2015 by aries1988
A Tour of Sardinia, Full of Discoveries
At one end of the church plaza, men stirred a caldron of oil so big it could have staved off invaders at a medieval castle.
Instead, it was full of frying…
sardinia  italia  idea  moi  travel  from instapaper
may 2015 by aries1988



italia  list  advice  local  cuisine  travel  from instapaper
december 2014 by aries1988
My European Ritual

I call this outing my monthly “bulle de bonheur” — “bubble of happiness” — unscheduled time and as many books as I want for free.

From 11 a.m. until 1 p.m. on the third Sunday of each month, a group of retirees takes over a corner of the Rue des Martyrs in my neighborhood in the Ninth Arrondissement. It’s time for Circul’Livre, a volunteer operation dedicated to the preservation of the book. Circul’Livre was created in 2004 and now operates in about 20 locations throughout Paris. Used books are classified by subject and displayed in crates. They are not for sale. Customers take as many as they want as long as they adhere to an informal code of honor neither to sell nor destroy them. They are encouraged to drop off their old books.
paris  secret  discovery  local  travel  idea  london  budapest  granada  italia  buy  athens  amsterdam  from instapaper
april 2014 by aries1988
Italo-German Ties: Face the Music
The current crisis is driving a wedge between Germans and Italians. Newspapers are filled with reciprocal accusations and criticism, and the gap between the two countries is getting wider and wider. Time to focus on a powerful commonality: Music. Contrary to any other crisis in the last eight decades, this one is taking a decisive cultural turn. Some Germans claim it is due to the Italian passion for complaining and not delivering, and Italians believe it is due to a German desire for supremacy. Italians coming home carry with them stories of what they perceive to be a “German closed society.” Think about what could happen in Germany if the country joins the recession bunch, and jobless Germans would have to face the competition of millions of foreigners that have entered the country in the previous years.
italia  economy  today  history  germany 
july 2013 by aries1988
ITALIE • La vallée des armes ne connaît pas la crise | Courrier international
Pistolets et fusils sont une spécialité d’excellence italienne. Injustement négligée, cette industrie –dont le chiffre d’affaires annuel est estimé à 5,2 milliards d’euros– est comparable, en termes de taille et de qualité, aux secteurs de la mode et de la gastronomie.
Le petit bijou du groupe Beretta, symbole du “made in Italie”, au même titre que la Ferrari ou la cafetière à pression Bialetti, équipe les forces de l’ordre italiennes et l’armée américaine. “T’es pas un vrai marine tant que t’as pas bouffé de l’acier italien”, assène un membre des Navy Seals [forces spéciales américaines].
war  italia 
may 2013 by aries1988
The Science of Predicting the Future
If you want to know what’s going to happen in the future with any sort of accuracy, you need science. It’s the only thing that’s ever worked, and the more we do it, the better we get at it. This means we need to make the world safe for scientists to do science, we need to treat the science being done with the respect it deserves, and we need to improve and encourage communication between scientists and the public. Remember, somewhere, right now, a scientist is hard at work trying to understand how some part of this Universe works for the sole purpose of trying to protect you from what are otherwise completely unpredictable natural disasters.
risk  scientist  society  future  italia  earthquake  from instapaper
october 2012 by aries1988
>中国人来了理发只是华人在意大利进军的若干行业之一,在服装业、采石业,甚至色情业,中国人都赢得了一席之地。除了吃苦耐劳,他们的秘诀是:灵活机动,效率优先。  8欧元,这是北米兰圣乔瓦尼一家华人理发店男子剪发的价格。一个欧美人和一个经济学家第一次看到这个价格时可能都会感到震惊。在欧美这些人力成本高的国家,随便剪个头发就要30到50欧元,讲究点的100欧元都下不来,8欧元实在太低了,他们都不好意思不多给点小费;而对于一个经济学家,这个价格可能会动摇他的世界观。  在国内经济系学生所必修的《国际贸易学》里,有一节专门解释商品和服务在不同国家之间的价格差异。商品由于相对便于流通,国际贸易最终会让各国相似商品之间的价格趋同,而相比之下,服务由于难以流通,价格会保持比较大的差异。经济系老师在讲授这个概念时,往往就会以理发行业为例来说明。这一理论是整个国际贸易理论的基础之一,它遵从逻辑,同时也符合现实,令人难以置疑。但在意大利,这一 看似坚固的理论岌岌可危。意大利的华人发廊将理发价格拉低到了原来的四分之一,甚至六分之一、十分之一。  周六晚上9点,圣乔瓦尼几乎所有商店都已经关门,推开这家名为Nadia发廊的大门,仍然有四五个人在坐着排队。意大利名字叫Nadia的女店主是温州人,她招呼我坐下,我问要不要晚点再过来,Nadia告诉我,用不着,马上就能轮到我。果然,三个理发师片刻不停地刀剪翻飞,店主也亲自为顾客修眉、吹干头发,不到一刻钟,在我前面坐着的四五个人就已经全部剪完。  一位四十多岁的师傅示意我坐到椅子上来。我还没坐稳,师傅已经用电推子给我推掉脑袋后的一大半头发了,“您不问问我怎么剪么?”我说,师傅这才指着墙上一张“经典唯美原创发型图集”让我挑,我看着那些20世纪80年代台湾小虎队成员似的发模,扫了一圈后说“照着原来的剪短点就行”。  师傅一边麻利地推着头发,一边向我解释,意大利人的剪法可能是从一开始就一剪子一剪子地剪,而他的剪法是先用电推子推出个大概齐,然后再细剪几刀,“我们要是像意大利人那样剪,就挣不着钱了。意大利人慢工细活,我们是以多取胜”。  没说上几句话,我的新发型已经完工,整个过程还不到五分钟。除了一个烫发的姑娘还得捂着头等,我差不多是今天最后一个顾客。老板娘开始盘点今天收到的小费,周六一天,这家位于米兰郊区的理发店光小费就挣了130欧元,我问老板娘生意是不是天天这么好,她说今天是周末,不过平时也不错,“因为我们的师傅技术好”。  剪完头,我去理发店旁的冰激凌店买了一瓶水,这家店是整条街除了理发店外唯一还开着的另一家店。刚好路过的理发店老板娘看到我,又跟我打了个招呼,告诉我这瓶水不用付钱了,因为这个冰激凌店也是她的。聊了几句后,老板娘Nadia还邀请我第二天去米兰的华人街Paulo
chinese  story  italia  from instapaper
october 2012 by aries1988

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