aries1988 + espagna   47

Franco by Enrique Moradiellos review – the dictator and the future of Spain
A biography of the ‘Caudillo’ argues that his influence can still be felt in the modern Spain, and is at the root of serious political problems
book  espagna 
25 days ago by aries1988
梁文道:魯什迪這個名字(摩爾人的最後嘆息之八)
在他備受爭議的眾多觀點當中,最可怕的是他居然認定世界的永恆存在。換句話說,他認為早在神創造天地之前,那個將要被創造的天地,其實就已經以某種形式在那兒了。世界不可能從虛無之中被創造出來,物質和時間都是永恆的,真主幹的事情無非就是讓整個過程開始運轉,並且透過普遍的自然律則去管理這個世界。如果想要弄清楚上蒼的意圖,就該透過哲學和科學去掌握那些自然律。這種觀點,歐洲人本來不應該覺得陌生,因為他的靈感就來自於亞里士多德。但是比起早已忘記了亞里士多德的歐洲人,阿拉伯世界這幾百年間所產生的思想家才算是古希臘智慧的真正傳人。正是伊本.魯世德詳盡周密的註釋重新打開了西方天主教徒的眼界,受他影響甚深的阿奎那甚至尊稱他為「詮釋者」。他對力學和自然律的理解,也影響了後來歐洲科學的進展。他反對從字面意義理解可蘭經以及先知的聖訓,推崇理性的論辯,是巴黎索邦大學哲學家終於打破神學霸權的間接助力。
muslim  Philosophy  thinker  espagna  from instapaper
10 weeks ago by aries1988
Letter of Recommendation Caceroladas
A community banging its pots and pans together as a democratic showing of discontent.
espagna  people  street  politics  demonstration  tool  from instapaper
november 2017 by aries1988
BBC Radio 4 - In Our Time, Picasso's Guernica
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the events behind and impact of Picasso's iconic work.
basque  nazi  history  espagna  art  ww2  civil  war 
november 2017 by aries1988
殊途不同归——加泰罗尼亚与苏格兰的独立之路 - FT中文网
加泰罗尼亚是西班牙最为富有、最高度工业化的区域,堪称全国的经济马达。它坐拥全国20%的GDP,16%的人口;如果成为一个独立国家,经济体量约在丹麦和芬兰之间。它吸引流向西班牙的1/3的投资,也生产西班牙1/3的出口商品。重要行业包括金属工程、食物处理、医药化学等,并拜巴塞罗那所赐,有兴隆的旅游业。高迪、毕加索等天才,让巴塞罗那成为许多人心中的艺术之都。巴塞罗那更是地中海最大的港口,以及世界第四大游轮目的地。世界闻名的两所商学院ESADE和IESE也坐落于此。
相比之下,苏格兰只占英国GDP的7.5%,以及8.3%的人口。爱丁堡固然是经济重镇,却不能令国都伦敦失色。从经济角度来说,加泰罗尼亚的独立对于西班牙而言,更是不能承受之重。

加泰罗尼亚和苏格兰都在18世纪初,与和更大的政治体形成统一国家,然而统一的方式颇有不同。

苏格兰议会通过签署《1707联合法案》,相对和平地与英格兰建立联合王国。

加泰罗尼亚则在腓力五世的西班牙王位继承战争中,于1714年因军事征服而被兼并。自此,加泰罗尼亚的民族主义者就为自由而抗争,并于1932年取得一定自治成果。然而,自1939年弗朗哥成立独裁政权以来,加泰罗尼亚民族主义受到强烈镇压,当地制度、语言等被大规模抹杀。
comparison  espagna  scotland  independence  politics  referendum  numbers 
november 2017 by aries1988
加泰罗尼亚独立五问:“对决日”将临,谁会是最终赢家?|广场|加泰罗尼亚独立|端传媒 Initium Media
加泰作为西班牙工业重镇,占全国人口约16%的加泰民众长期贡献着约19%的国内生产总值(GDP),目前加泰出口商品占西班牙全国的25.6%,所获得海外投资则占西班牙全国的20.7% 。
catalonia  espagna  numbers 
october 2017 by aries1988
Iberia’s children: A short history of why Portuguese and Spanish are different | Unravel Magazine
Once upon a time, Portuguese and Spanish were, basically, dialects of the same language: Latin, the language of the Roman Empire. Hundreds of years later, how have Portuguese and Spanish grown apart, and why? And will they always be different?
Iberia  espagna  portugal  history  comparison  explained  language 
october 2017 by aries1988
梁文道:在餐桌上抵抗到最後一刻(巴斯克的美食「底氣」之一)

他們的「畢爾包體育會」不只是皇馬和巴塞之外,唯一一支從未降級過的西甲球隊。更叫人吃驚的,是他們居然不用外援,堅持以巴斯克人組班,猶如他們自己的國家隊。
basque  gastronomy  restaurant  region  espagna  from instapaper
october 2017 by aries1988
A lyrical bridge between past, present and future
With his signature charm and searching insight, David Whyte meditates on the frontiers of the past, present and future, sharing two poems inspired by his niece's hike along El Camino de Santiago de Compostela in Spain.
espagna  story  poem  rando  atlantic 
september 2017 by aries1988
FT correspondent’s warm memories of difficult days in Madrid

There was anger, to be sure, but it was directed at people you saw on television, not in the street. Spaniards cursed the corrupt politicians and the reckless bankers who had created this mess, and those merciless austerians in Brussels and Berlin who were telling them how to get out of it. But I never saw a bad word directed at the young west African migrant selling pirate DVDs outside my house, or the foreign lady begging outside my local supermarket. Neighbours would greet them every morning, like people who belonged to the barrio. Madrid, and the country at large, came through the crisis with reserves of solidarity and grace that were at times hard to fathom, and harder still to forget.

Of all the big capitals in Europe, it is probably the most relaxed and un­hurried. It is a city of long lunches and long nights, a city where people walk slowly and stop frequently, with none of the stand-right-walk-left efficiency that has been bred into the denizens of London or New York.

Madrid is a place where people know you — and make you know them. The fishmonger remembers your partner had a knee operation and wants to know about her recovery. The waiter remembers how you like to drink your coffee. The office receptionist knows which football team you support, and how far he can tease you after a weekend defeat. The garage attendant knows your son’s favourite cartoon character and has saved some stickers as a gift. Everyone advises, argues and talks. Everything is everyone’s business, for good and for bad. Mostly for good, I think.

I will miss many things about the Spanish capital: the food, the Prado museum, the elegant Retiro park in the centre and the snow-capped mountains to the north. I will miss the little restaurant near my office, with its white-and-green tablecloths and menu for less than €10. I will miss speeding through the Madrid dawn towards the splendid Atocha railway station, the starting point for so many reporting trips. I will miss the fact that beer is served ice cold and in tiny glasses, and that ham is not a food to eat but a universe to discover.
expat  espagna  madrid  story  life  quartier  children  from instapaper
august 2017 by aries1988
Catalonia’s referendum exposes a divided Spain 
Catalonia has been part of the Spanish state for centuries, yet many Catalans regard themselves as a nation apart, with their own language, culture and history. The region is one of the country’s 17 “autonomous communities”, with powers over matters such as education, healthcare and welfare, and a police force of its own. Despite occasional rumblings of discontent, the arrangement was, until recently, broadly accepted by Catalans and Spaniards alike. 

Catalans express their views from balconies and windows, thousands of which are covered with the distinctive red-yellow-and-blue estelada, the flag of Catalan independence. To know the political allegiance of a city, village or street in the region, all you have to do is look up.

Five centuries after the Catholic kings united the crowns of Castile and Aragon, Spain has to live with the fact that Basques and Catalans have not only preserved their languages but that many still see themselves as nations apart. For some Spaniards, who dream of a monolithic nation state à la française, this is hard to accept. For others, it offers an opportunity to overhaul old structures, both mental and constitutional, and turn Spain into a state that provides more room for different identities and nations, even the Catalan one.

The problem, he tells me, is that each camp looks at distant historical events through the lens of contemporary politics, and “projects back in history a kind of relationship that is anachronistic . . . History does not move in a steady direction. It is full of twists and turns.”

Even today, more than half the Catalan population says Spanish is the language of daily use. Their children, however, have mostly been through Catalan schools, exposed to lessons and texts that have little in common with the vision of Spain their parents grew up with. In some cases, schoolbooks replicate the broader Catalan narrative — of a nation apart, suppressed by Spain.
espagna  history  state  catalonia  barcelona  crisis  identity  2017 
july 2017 by aries1988
After Eta: Spain’s history of violence
Eta was founded in 1959, during the dictatorship of Francisco Franco. Its mission was to fight for the independence of the greater Basque country, a region straddling the Franco-Spanish border. The group went on to assassinate Luis Carrero Blanco, Franco’s chosen successor in 1973, a killing that had profound political repercussions. Since 2011 though, Eta has made news only sporadically, mostly when another of its dwindling band of members is arrested. The group inhabits a strange netherworld, neither dead nor alive, as it waits for a grand political settlement that will probably never come.

History matters, he says. It always does. “What is history today becomes social reality a generation from now,” he says. “And, what’s more, the victims have a right to the truth.”
espagna  history  terrorism  story  killing  conflict  nation 
january 2017 by aries1988
西班牙语和葡萄牙语之间有怎样的关系? - 阿绯的回答 - 知乎
来了来了,分享一下我的所见见闻,后面会涉及到一点理论的内容,如果内容比较枯燥,就看前面部分当听故事好了。 嗯,在正式回答楼主的问题前,我想到一个词“portunhol”。这个词就是“português”和“espanhol”的拼合。一般来说,使用葡语作为母语的人都…
comparison  language  portugal  espagna 
january 2017 by aries1988
The Spanish Lesson I Never Got at School

With Spanish’s endearments and ample use of the subjunctive tense and the diminutive, I have learned that to know a language is to enter into another way of being.

My father, for example, is a charming man in English, a language he has spoken fluently for a half-century. In Spanish, however, his full talents as a sardonic raconteur are on display; he’s even prone to the occasional philosophical soliloquy. My mother is a fluent English speaker, but in Spanish she’s a storyteller with a deeply romantic bent and a flair for the ironic.

For Latino immigrant children, Spanish is the key that unlocks the untranslatable wisdom of their elders, and that reveals the subtle truths in their family histories. It’s a source of self-knowledge, a form of cultural capital. They are smarter, in fact, for each bit of Spanish they keep alive in their bilingual brains. And they are more likely to see the absurdity in the rants of xenophobes and racists.
children  language  education  school  bilingual  opinion  politics  usa  espagna  family  literature  personality  brain  from instapaper
november 2016 by aries1988
On the trail of Hernán Cortés | The Economist
There is nothing in Villa Rica to recall this extraordinary act of leadership, nor to mark the remains of the fortress that Cortés personally helped to build that lies just above the beach. It is now surrounded by barbed wire and hidden under a thicket of brambles. The contrast with meticulously excavated Jamestown, where English settlers first disembarked on the coast of Virginia in 1607, speaks volumes about how differently two neighbour-nations can treat their early history. In America, where the conquerors wiped out most of the past, the place of arrival is celebrated with the pride of victory; in Mexico, where the settlers mixed with the indigenous people, it is regarded as the starting-place of a painful conquest, best ignored. This attitude to Cortés prevails in poor, lethargic areas, strongholds of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) that has ruled Mexico for most of the past century, often by peddling to Mexicans a narrative of oppression at the hands of outsiders.

That is a reflection of Mexico’s struggle with its past. Should it accept the historical record, with all its brutality, come to terms with the inevitability of Tenochtitlán’s fall and celebrate the boldness and enterprise of Cortés and his men? Or should it continue to glorify the Aztecs and anguish over the genocide that Cortés perpetrated in God’s name? Should it continue to demonise Cortés, in the words of Octavio Paz, a Nobel prize-winning poet, as a symbol of violent penetration, or learn to appreciate him as the unifier of two cultures? The dilemma is more than historical. “Hatred of Cortés is not even hatred of Spain. It’s hatred of ourselves,” wrote Paz on the 500th anniversary of the conquistador’s birth in 1985.
mexico  history  debate  espagna  latino 
august 2016 by aries1988
Out of sync with the sun... | The Economist
the evenings are far longer than they should be: by local clocks, the sun sets an hour and 20 minutes later in Madrid than in New York City, though both are on the same latitude. That is because Spain (except the Canary Islands) is in the wrong time zone. Madrid is on a similar line of longitude to Swansea in Wales. Its clocks are set to Central European Time, the same as Warsaw or Tirana, some 24 degrees or 2,000kms (1,200 miles) to the east.
europe  time  debate  espagna  usa  comparison  lifestyle  sun  policy 
august 2016 by aries1988
Being Bilingual Changes the Architecture of Your Brain | WIRED
When I speak Spanish, it’s not an effortless cognitive switch. My brain needs to actively choose Spanish every time I say a word or construct a sentence. Even after years and years of speaking Spanish every day, I can often feel that work happening. It’s tiring, and switching to English can be a relief.

Every time I choose washing machine over lavadora, or vice versa, my brain gets a little stronger. Kroll thinks this constant cognitive challenge that bilinguals face may be responsible for an observed improvement in what’s called executive function, or the ability to filter out unnecessary information and make decisions.
story  bilingual  language  brain  espagna  english  research 
july 2016 by aries1988
Drudgery and dance lessons – work-life balance and the ‘Chinese Dream’ | Aeon Videos
The so-called Chinese Dream is a living ideal for Qian Anhua, a textiles factory owner who describes his enterprise as one that can ‘feed my soul and the soul of my workers’. While the work is menial and quarters cramped at his factory in Hangzhou, China, the monotony of assembly-line labour is offset by group leisure activities such as dance classes and Catalan castell-building. The workers themselves seem appreciative of the entertainment, but their private musings hint at a more complex set of goals and desires than can be easily satisfied by the programme of regimented work and organised fun. An offbeat portrait of modern China, Take Me to the Moon follows a factory veteran and a new arrival as they navigate their hopes and dreams in a peculiarly constructed world, where the borders between work and private life are blurred, and home is far away.
story  chinese  idea  entertainment  espagna  video 
april 2016 by aries1988
To Catch a Scammer in Madrid
Desperate attempts to track down an Internet swindler in person.
story  italia  espagna  money 
january 2016 by aries1988
西班牙人小心保守的秘密度假地
一个来自马德里的旅行顾问,提供了一些颠覆传统观念的建议,比如塔帕斯真的只是西班牙美食之一种;享用一顿漫长午餐;忘掉地中海,去北部只有西班牙人知道的某天堂。
espagna  gastronomy  travel 
july 2015 by aries1988
The Last Coal Miners of Spain

The portraits are a vivid illustration of the challenges facing environmental reformers. A rapidly overheating world requires global remedies; many of these measures, at least in the short term, will inflict hardships that will fall unevenly on those least suited to bear them. Stories of immediate individual suffering will always speak more powerfully than a broader narrative about the gradual mitigation of existential threats. Spain, like most other nations, faces a daunting political problem: how to destroy a poisonous industry without destroying its workers?
photo  espagna  today  mining  life 
april 2015 by aries1988
China’s migrants thrive in Spain’s financial crisis - FT.com
The bonfire of bankruptcies that burnt its way through corporate Spain during the downturn left the Chinese largely untouched – a result of hard work, thriftiness, luck and a business culture that values long-term survival above quick profits. “In China, we believe that the key issue is not whether you lose money or not, but whether you manage to hold on. So the Chinese have developed a great ability to withstand a crisis. You have to endure,” says Marco Wang, a businessman in Madrid whose assets include Spain’s leading Chinese newspapers.

Over the past decade, the number of Chinese arrivals in countries such as Spain, Italy and Portugal has soared. According to official data, there are now more than 180,000 Chinese nationals living in Spain, three times more than in 2003. Add in students and naturalised Chinese, and the figure leaps to more than 200,000, the fifth-largest minority in the country.

Chinese migration to Spain continued to rise even after the start of the crisis, highlighting how well the community has been able to weather the economic storm. In a country where one-in-four workers is out of a job, unemployment is virtually unknown among the Chinese. Furthermore, they account for a vastly disproportionate share of business start-ups: there are now more than 40,000 self-employed Chinese on Spain’s commercial register, twice as many as before the crisis.

At the same time, there are growing signs that the Chinese are starting to work their way up the economic value chain. Gone are the days when Chinese economic activity in Spain was confined to serving up rollitos de primavera (spring rolls) or selling trinkets in dusty 100-pesetas shops. Today there are Chinese-owned fashion chains, import-export businesses, media groups and law firms. According to one estimate, the annual turnover of Chinese-run convenience stores alone amounts to €785m in total.

On the way from the airport, his first impression was that of a country not much richer than the one he was leaving behind: “The houses I saw along the way looked pretty bad. In China the houses are covered with tiles so they are pretty but here all you see are the bricks. I realised only later that Spaniards take greater care of the inside than the outside. Inside, their houses are always tidy, clean and pretty.”

Estimates vary but some believe that as many as 70 or 80 per cent of Chinese migrants in Spain come not just from the same province (Zheijiang) but from the same small county, Qingtian. Their dominance is reflected not least on the walls of Chinese restaurants up and down the country, which often boast framed pictures of Qingtian city.

“Who survives in a crisis? Those who have capital, or who have easy access to capital. And when the crisis came, the Chinese had their family network to fall back on to,” says Mario Esteban, of the Real Instituto Elcano in Madrid.

Chinese business leaders acknowledge that relations are far from perfect, but insist that the community is integrating well into Spanish society. “The first generation of Chinese migrants has a lot of difficulty with the language and with communication. They had no time to study. But their children study here in Spanish schools, they speak Spanish perfectly and they know Spanish culture very well. So I think things are getting better,” says Mr Mao.

Mr Chen, the founder of Don Pin, says there are countless things he likes about life in his adopted country. But he, for one, has no desire to grow old in Madrid. “When I die, I want to die in my village. I arrived here when I was 18 but I still feel my roots very strongly. But it is different for the children. My children will be Madrilians.”
story  espagna  immigration  chinese  entrepreneurial  from instapaper
october 2014 by aries1988
用不一样的视角看西班牙 (评论: 鲜花的废墟)
  我所了解的西班牙历史,都是从基督教的角度,尤其是西班牙外教教过我们一学期西班牙历史,是一个基督教徒的视角。而这本书带给我的,是一个全新的视角——穆斯林的视角。如果说看小引时只是被它的语言所吸引,那么从正文一开始,我感受到的就是思想的冲击了。

  作者提出了一个新的想法:一座名城(在欧洲范围内),必须要同时拥有罗马、阿拉伯、天主教三种足迹和文化。只有那样的地方,才值得你为它奔波。

  以前看到许多葡萄酒的原产地是西班牙而品牌却是意大利的,心里都会略略地鄙夷一下西班牙。看罢此书才开始慢慢体会到农业对于西班牙深刻的寓意。正如老希提所说“农业是穆斯林赠给西班牙的永恒礼物”。而作者将橄榄带回新疆、鼓励新疆农民培育的举动更是让我惊叹不已。而他说服新疆农民的方法也非常简单而巧妙——搬出《古兰经》,这就是宗教的力量吧。
espagna  book  reading 
august 2013 by aries1988
张承志:「最终为之迷恋的地方」
摘要:弗朗哥的法西斯主义,主张唯一的天主教、唯一的西班牙语(其实是卡斯蒂利亚语)、主张彻底消灭共产党人和无政府主义者、主张大西班牙主义。所以等到弗朗哥一命呜呼,西班牙迎来了民主化,半岛上每一个角落的语言都立即复苏了。在巴斯克甚至出现了铁血的分离主义,大名鼎鼎的ETA数十年一日用炸弹和手枪,搅得西班牙狼狈不堪。法西斯主义招致了全面的报复
espagna  essay  history  muslim 
august 2013 by aries1988
西班牙成功去伊斯兰化过程的意义和借鉴 – 【人人分享-人人网】
http://www.instapaper.com/read/392334940
话分两头,虽说西班牙的光复力量十一世纪遭受了挫折,但并没有被消灭。经过不断的拉锯战和壮大,到西元十二世纪末,伊比利亚北半部已经完全被基督教王国所收复,虽然伊斯兰教和摩尔人也进行过数次有威胁的反扑,但西班牙人的光复事业已经看到了成功的希望,此时的伊比利亚半岛已经形成了葡萄牙、卡斯蒂里亚、阿拉贡三个强大的国家。而到十三世纪末,穆斯林摩尔人的控制区就只剩下南部安达卢西亚的格林纳达王国了。最终在西元1492年,格林纳达被费尔南德和伊莎贝拉亲率大军所征服,全西班牙光复,长达八百年的摩尔人统治终于彻底结束。不断与异族人和异教徒的战争,极大的促进了西班牙的民族精神的形成,与摩尔人和伊斯兰教的残酷斗争引发的宗教狂热和极度高涨的民族精神正是刺激和推动西班牙和葡萄牙进行大航海,和对美洲进行征服,使西班牙成为十六世纪的海上霸主的重要动力。
history  china  espagna  comparison  from instapaper
june 2013 by aries1988
Mediterranean Diet Can Cut Heart Disease, Study Finds - NYTimes.com
About 30 percent of heart attacks, strokes and deaths from heart disease can be prevented in people at high risk if they switch to a Mediterranean diet rich in olive oil, nuts, beans, fish, fruits and vegetables, and even drink wine with meals, a large and rigorous new study has found.

“Now along comes this group and does a gigantic study in Spain that says you can eat a nicely balanced diet with fruits and vegetables and olive oil and lower heart disease by 30 percent,” he said. “And you can actually enjoy life.”
from:kindle  espagna 
march 2013 by aries1988
Euro Zone Unemployment Rose to Another Record in January - NYTimes.com
In absolute terms, Eurostat estimated that 19 million people in the euro zone and more than 26 million in the European Union were unemployed in January.

Spain’s unemployment rate was 26.2 percent, and Portugal’s was 17.6 percent. Austria had the lowest rate, at 4.9 percent, followed by Germany and Luxembourg, at 5.3 percent each.

France, which has the second-largest euro zone economy, after Germany’s, had a 10.6 percent jobless rate in January. Britain, which is not a euro member, had a 7.7 percent rate in November.

That compares with unemployment rates of 7.9 percent in the United States in January and 4.2 percent in Japan in December.

That compares with unemployment rates of 7.9 percent in the United States in January and 4.2 percent in Japan in December.
from:kindle  espagna 
march 2013 by aries1988
EU migration to Germany: Sprechen Sie job? | The Economist
Meanwhile Britain, thanks to English, has an advantage in the competition for foreign talent, which big German firms try to minimise by accepting English as their working language. But many of the job openings in Germany are to be found in medium-sized and private Mittelstand firms, often in remote places, where speaking German is still a must. That’s why Mr Gómez is advising his friends back home in Spain to bone up on the language and then “leave, get out”.
from:kindle  espagna 
february 2013 by aries1988
How European Ransoms Bankroll Islamist Terrorists - NYTimes.com
Over the past decade, Britain, Germany, Italy, Spain, France, Austria, Sweden and the Netherlands have paid more than $130 million to terrorist groups, mostly through mediators, to free European hostages.

The cash infusion from ransoms allowed Mr. Belmokhtar and his acolytes to set up terrorist training camps and enabled them to buy locals’ support. By marrying into local families, and providing services to the desperately poor inhabitants of the Sahel region, they established themselves as a plausible alternative to Mali’s weak government.

France’s recent military operation in Mali would not have been necessary if there had been a coherent European policy that involved targeted operations against terrorist networks. Even today, with French and African troops on the ground in Mali, there has been shockingly little help from other European governments. Most of Europe has avoided responsibility for preventing the emergence of a new terrorist hot spot virtually on its doorstep.

Europe owes the people of the Sahel — and European citizens — a commitment to refuse ransom money to terrorists anywhere. The only thing that Mr. Belmokhtar and his ilk should expect from the international community is overwhelming force of the sort Algeria demonstrated during the hostage crisis last month. Only by showing them that hostage-taking by terrorists is futile can security in the Sahel be re-established. Otherwise, another Mali is waiting to happen — somewhere nearby.
from:kindle  espagna 
february 2013 by aries1988
Americans Held Hostage in Algeria Gas-Field Raid - NYTimes.com
The hostage taking potentially broadened the conflict beyond Mali’s borders and raised the possibility of drawing an increasing number of foreign countries into direct involvement, particularly if expatriates working in the vast energy extraction industries of North Africa become targets.

The facility is the fourth-largest gas development in Algeria, a major oil producer and OPEC member. The In Amenas gas compression plant is operated by BP of Britain, the Norwegian company Statoil and the Algerian national oil company Sonatrach.

Oil and gas are central to the Algerian economy, accounting for more than a third of the country’s gross domestic product, over 95 percent of its export earnings and 60 percent of government financial receipts. Algeria is an important gas supplier to France, Spain, Turkey, Italy and Britain.

Algeria has also historically been known as a relatively secure place for foreign companies to work and invest. Sonatrach and the security forces had put tight security around oil and gas facilities during the struggle with Islamic militants in the 1990s, when energy infrastructure was never a major insurgent target.
from:kindle  espagna 
january 2013 by aries1988
Centrifugal Spain: Umbrage in Catalonia | The Economist
In fact, there are many reasons why Catalans should not waste their energy trying to break away from Spain. Start by recalling Orwell’s definition of nationalism as “power-hunger tempered by self-deception”.

As for the self-deception, this is sometimes farcical: Catalan public television offers a weather forecast that includes provinces that have been part of France since 1659, but no meteorological information for Zaragoza or Madrid. And most Catalans still seem happy to be both Catalans and Spaniards. Support for independence has risen mainly because Catalans think it would offer relief from recession.
espagna 
november 2012 by aries1988
Hemingway Reports Spain
On the front in the Spanish Civil War. Ernest Hemingway January 12, 1938 | 12:00 am
espagna 
august 2012 by aries1988

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