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“阴婚”暗网
刘胜东所经历的最激烈的一场“争夺”是两年前: 一位20岁出头但不幸病故的女孩,年轻貌美,“需要找个主”。 十余名“媒人”参与议价。 按照行情,10万元作底,价高者得。 河南村民任强母亲去世后,他在坟地装上摄像头。 新京报记者魏芙蓉 摄 文|新京报记者 魏芙蓉 王瑞锋 实习生 郑丹 编辑|胡杰 校对 |郭利 ► 本文约…
from instapaper
8 days ago
梁文道:誤判了什麼?
為什麼建制派會在區議會選舉大敗?他們接下來會做什麼?中央政府對這件事情又會有什麼樣的反應?…
from instapaper
8 days ago
Don’t show, tell
I T WAS ONE of the viral videos of 2017. Robert Kelly, an American academic, was discussing South Korean politics live on BBC World News when his two small…
from instapaper
17 days ago
Speaking for Sayyid
In response to: Egypt: Between Order and Chaos from the October 10, 2019 issue To the Editors : I appreciated Ursula Lindsey’s thoughtful review of my book…
writer  polemic  orientalisme  egypt  from instapaper
18 days ago
香港特区法院的司法审查权-经典信息-杨玉和律师 CHINESE LAWYER

香港基本法明确规定,香港特区享有“独立的司法权和终审权”。透过本文,我们看到,上述条文的落实不是一个一帆风顺的旅程。问题出在基本法创设的制度本身。在“一国两制”之下,两制必须得到平等尊重,不能以一制压制另一制;若然如此,国家创立特别行政区的意义就会荡然无存了。既然制度性的冲突已经存在,那么国家政策制定者和立法者须得寻求一个能平衡两制利益的冲突解决机制。这种机制可以从宪法和基本法中寻找,也可以基于现行法律提出新的制度,比如成立一个利益中立于各成员方的冲突法院,以解决“一国两制”甚至“一国多制”(有待统一台湾之日)架构下的宪法性法律冲突。不论采用哪种制度或方法,香港回归十二年来积累的丰富经验肯定会是有利用价值的。
law  hongkong  from instapaper
19 days ago
TikTok’s Chief Is on a Mission to Prove It’s Not a Menace
Alex Zhu, the head of TikTok, in New York. Credit... Alexander Harris for The New York Times Skip to contentSkip to site index Alex Zhu, the head of the…
from instapaper
21 days ago
What Warren’s Attack on Billionaires Reveals
My colleague Megan Garber spoke up yesterday in defense of anger, a quality whose presence in a female presidential candidate gets her branded as hysterical and…
from instapaper
23 days ago
Ce que l'Occident doit à l'islam
Quel est l'apport des Arabes dans la transmission de la pensée grecque à l'Occident ? Au-delà des polémiques, Gabriel Martinez-Gros nous délivre une belle leçon…
from instapaper
27 days ago
认同的重量:《想象的共同体》导读(足本)
然而对安德森而言,卡欣不但是经师,也是导师(mentor)。作为一个古典意义下的知识分子,卡欣长期批评战后美国的霸权外交政策,因此,在20世纪50年代曾一度被国务院没收护照。60年代越战加剧,他不但参与反战示威,也将研究重点从印尼扩大到印度支那。这种驱策知识追求的强烈道德关怀,以及对自己国家恨铁不成钢的爱国主义(patriotism),深深感动了正在成长期的青年安德森。他不仅从他的老师身上“学到了政治与学术的不可分离”,也强烈体会到爱国主义的高贵、可敬与合理。日后他在《想象的共同体》当中所透露的对民族主义相对较积极的态度,除了源于对殖民地民族主义的同情之外,也来自康乃尔师门的道德熏陶。

安德森日后自述,也许是出于一种“逆转的东方主义”(inverted Orientalism),他和当时大多数东南亚研究专家都相当同情该地区的民族主义。从一开始,他就认定胡志明与美国的对抗,其根源不是社会主义,而是民族主义

直接促成他写作《想象的共同体》的原因是1978—1979年间爆发的中国、越南和柬埔寨之间的三角战争。这个历史事件令他提出了这个质问:为何民族主义的力量会强大到让三个标榜“国际主义”的社会主义国家不惜兵戎相见?

佩里在1974年出版了他的历史社会学杰作两部曲:《从古代通往封建主义之路》(Passages from Antiquity to Feudalism)和《绝对主义国家的系谱》(Lineages of the Absolutist States)。这两部作品就时间而言上下涵盖近两千年,就空间而言同时处理欧洲与欧洲以外地区不同社会的变迁,因此本尼迪克特·安德森称之为“严谨、细致的比较历史研究的模范”确实是当之无愧的。

严格来说并不那么左的本尼迪克特也受到鼓舞,希望经由一个“大体上为马克思主义的视角,使我的印尼能够加入世界”。融比较史、历史社会学、文本分析与人类学于一炉,安德森最终果然经由《想象的共同体》,把“他的印尼”送进了“世界”。

在安德森眼中,“民族与民族主义”的问题构成了支配20世纪的两个重要思潮——马克思主义和自由主义——理论的共同缺陷。想要有效解答这难以捉摸的“民族之谜”,必须扬弃旧教条,以哥白尼精神寻找新的理论典范。安德森写作《想象的共同体》的目的,就是要提出一个解释上述这些关于民族与民族主义问题的新理论典范。

在正式进入论证之前,安德森先为“民族”这个斯芬克斯(sphinx)式的概念提出了一个充满创意的定义:“它是一种想象的政治共同体——并且,它是被想象为本质上是有限的,同时也享有主权的共同体。”这个主观主义的定义聪明地回避了寻找民族的“客观特征”的障碍,直指集体认同的“认知”(cognitive)面向——“想象”不是“捏造”,而是形成任何群体认同所不可或缺的认知过程(cognitive process),因此“想象的共同体”这个名称指涉的不是什么“虚假意识”的产物,而是一种社会心理学上的“社会事实”(le fait social)。这个主观/认知主义的定义界定了安德森以后整个论证的基调,也就是要探究“民族”这种特殊的政治想象(认知)成为可能的条件与历史过程。

世界性宗教共同体、王朝以及神谕式的时间观念的没落。只有这三者构成的“神圣的、层级的、与时间终始的同时性”旧世界观在人类心灵中丧失了霸权地位,人们才有可能开始想象“民族”这种“世俗的、水平的、横向的”共同体。

如果“第三波”的“官方民族主义”是对第二波的群众民族主义的反动与模仿,那么“最后一波”,也就是第一次世界大战以后的亚非殖民地民族主义,则是对“官方民族主义”的另一面——帝国主义——的反应,以及对先前百年间先后出现的三波民族主义经验的模仿与“盗版”。

nation指涉的是一种理想化的“人民全体”或“公民全体”的概念。在此意义上,它和“国家”是非常不同的东西:nation是(理想化的)人民群体,而“国家”是这个人民群体自我实现的目标或工具。如果译为“国族”将丧失这个概念中的核心内涵,也就是尊崇“人民”的意识形态。

安德森虽然认为“民族”是一种现代的“文化的人造物”,但他并不认为这个“人造物”是“虚假意识”的产物。“想象的共同体”不是虚构的共同体,不是政客操纵人民的幻影,而是一种与历史文化变迁相关,根植于人类深层意识的心理的建构。
book  taiwan  explained  summary  author  indonesia  banyan  nationalism  origin  from instapaper
28 days ago
Sylvain Gouguenheim, Aristote au Mont-Saint-Michel

Nous évaluerons cet ouvrage selon trois angles : son constat historiographique, sa méthode d’analyse des phénomènes culturels et intellectuels, sa vision de l’Islam et de l’Occident.

Ce combat pour la réhabilitation du Moyen Age est louable mais quelque peu dépassé et plus aucun historien ne prétend sérieusement aujourd’hui que le monde franc est « inculte et barbare » (p. 36). En aucun cas l’hypothèse d’un « Islam des Lumières » n’implique de définir le Moyen Age occidental comme Dark Ages. Extrapolant les implications idéologiques des études scientifiques antérieures, l’auteur entend se positionner contre une forme d’auto-dénigrement occidental qu’il juge « démoralisateur ».

Il accorde une préférence trop marquée aux seuls auteurs donnant une image négative de l’Islam plutôt que de les confronter à d’autres points de vue et sortir d’une logique d’opposition stérile. Établissant comme préalable le refus de la « dette » de l’Occident à l’égard du monde arabo-musulman, l’auteur pose comme problématique à son ouvrage une question de pure rhétorique fermant immédiatement le débat qu’il prétendait ouvrir : « si les Grecs n’ont pas inspiré fondamentalement l’esprit même de notre civilisation d’Occident qui d’autre l’aurait fait ? » (p. 177).

Au niveau méthodologique, la différence d’intensité critique, selon que l’auteur aborde l’Occident ou l’Islam, décrédibilise une démarche comparatiste caractérisée par le manque de rigueur et de précision dans les éléments comparés ainsi que par la confusion entre permanences historiques et jugements essentialistes (p. 167).

Affirmant que « l’islam étant plus qu’une simple religion » (p. 151), c’est « une orthopraxie » (p. 194), l’auteur dérive clairement vers une condamnation morale de cette religion comme obscurantiste. Il définit ainsi l’islam par rapport au christianisme, affirmant la « simplicité du dogme islamique, en regard de celui de la foi chrétienne » (p. 159).

En effet l’auteur fait de la langue le fondement essentiel et déterminant de la culture et de l’identité, des « structures mentales » (p. 137). Cette approche ethnico-linguistique aboutit à une distinction caricaturale et dangereuse entre l’arabe, qui serait une langue de religion et de poésie (p. 136), dont la verbosité ne serait pas adaptée au discours philosophique (p. 185), et le latin, le syriaque ou le grec qui seraient des langues de la raison, de la culture (p. 85) et du droit (p. 162).
language  arab  greek  europe  book  critic  comparison  history  science  christianity  islam  from instapaper
28 days ago
A Walk to Kobe
Haruki Murakami

Maybe it’s exactly because of that that I wanted to take a walk there, alert and attentive to what I might discover. Perhaps I wanted to see for myself how this home town I’d lost all obvious connections with would appear to me now. How much of a shadow (or a shadow of a shadow) of myself I would discover there?

There’s hardly a cloud in the sky. An almost perfect May tableau. Still, as I sit there on the concrete bank and gaze at where the real sea used to be, everything here, like a tyre leaking air, slowly, and quietly, loses its sense of reality.
sea  city  nostalgia  childhood  walk  japan  change  earthquake  from instapaper
4 weeks ago
比海更深|马航 MH370 消失的三年里
3年了,所有已知信息,仍拼凑不出一条完整的逻辑链。一次次成为舆论的悲伤样本,并不是家属的本意。持续不懈的追寻,是一场心力交瘁的消耗。 文| 谢梦遥 采访| 谢梦遥 单琦 车灏楠 编辑| 王晶晶 赵涵漠 残骸搜索…
tragedy  family  search  airline  closure  from instapaper
4 weeks ago
聊聊 | 钱的来去

“春蕾班”除了能够

1)改变具体女生的教育程度与人生走向外,

2)还具有示范效应,它让某个女孩的妹妹、邻居、邻村女孩、同一个初中的学妹知道,一个楚雄禄丰县乡下的彝族女孩子,考上中央民大是可能的,是一种真实。它把遥远的、不可能的、想象的世界,变成了现实的、可能的、thinkable的世界。这样其后的女孩和周边的家庭知道,一方面,寻找机会和利用机会是有意义的,国家的政策可能是善的,我们的命运是可能变好的,机会从一种压垮人期待的重担变成了一种具有真实性的激励。另一方面,教育以及离家是有意义的,她们能够看到这二者对于人生的转换和翻译功能。也就是说,“春蕾班”开启的不仅是进入这些班级的女孩的人生,而且能够开启凡知道她们、知道这个项目、了解其效用的人的人生。
charity  china  education  ethnic  girl  from instapaper
5 weeks ago
‘The Greatest Catastrophe the World Has Seen’

The War That Ended Peace: The Road to 1914
by Margaret MacMillan
Random House, 739 pp., $35.00

1913: In Search of the World Before the Great War
by Charles Emmerson
PublicAffairs, 526 pp., $30.00

The Russian Origins of the First World War
by Sean McMeekin
Belknap Press/Harvard University Press, 324 pp., $29.95; $18.95 (paper)

July 1914: Countdown to War
by Sean McMeekin
Basic Books, 461 pp., $29.99

The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914
by Christopher Clark
Harper, 697 pp., $29.99

Catastrophe 1914: Europe Goes to War
by Max Hastings
Knopf, 628 pp., $35.00
ww1  book  list  from instapaper
5 weeks ago
"Histoire du monde au XVe siècle", sous la direction de Patrick Boucheron : et le monde se globalisa...

Depuis une trentaine d'années, ce qu'on appelle la "World History" a fait d'un monde décloisonné son objet d'étude privilégié, jouant des rapprochements et des comparaisons pour dépasser des récits nationaux au cadre souvent étriqué et surtout artificiel. Ainsi, en France, l'"histoire connectée" a été encouragée par les travaux de Serge Gruzinski et de Sanjay Subrahmanyam.

Ils y explorent les prémices de la mondialisation avant l'âge des empires coloniaux, considérant que le XVe siècle, "ample et large, complexe et divers", en constitue une étape décisive. Les auteurs parcourent donc les "territoires du monde", depuis la prise du pouvoir par le conquérant turco-mongol Tamerlan, dans les années 1370, jusqu'au passage du fameux détroit par Magellan en 1520.

Trente ans après Civilisation matérielle, économie et capitalisme de Fernand Braudel, il s'agit ici de dépasser une "histoire totale" fondée sur une "grammaire des civilisations" aujourd'hui remise en question.

Au XVe siècle, le monde s'organise autour d'immenses territoires, unifiés ou en passe de l'être, tels la Chine des Ming ou l'Empire ottoman, les terres russes progressivement rassemblées autour de Moscou, les empires aztèque et inca. D'autres régions restent morcelées autour d'unités territoriales plus réduites, tels l'Inde et l'Asie du Sud-Est, les royaumes africains ou européens et leurs subdivisions internes. De vastes zones d'échange et de circulation relient déjà ces mondes, autour de la Méditerranée, de l'océan Indien ou des territoires musulmans.
15C  history  historiography  world  comparison  review  book  français  explained  moi  from instapaper
5 weeks ago
26岁裸辞留学,拍禁片,33岁成奥斯卡评委…她赢在不寻常上
6月底,美国电影艺术与科学学院宣布邀请928名新成员成为奥斯卡评委。这些新成员来自59个不同的国家,其中不乏我们熟悉的面孔。刘德华、金城武、张艾嘉、娄烨、王男栿、严歌苓…… 这其中有一个名字引起了蒙圈儿的好奇—— 王男栿 。 图片来源:网络 好奇之余,蒙圈儿去搜了一下。…
from instapaper
5 weeks ago
梁文道:「港獨」標籤的氾濫(二)
我們都曉得港獨在香港是一條不可觸碰的政治紅線。既然這是底線,那麼在正常的政治局勢下,按照以往中國共產黨的一貫鬥爭哲學,就應該非常嚴格地把握這條線的存在,同時非常嚴格地界定它的本質,然後在這條底線之外所張開的空間展開種種技巧的協商,爭取乃至於分化。按照我在上一篇文字所說的,「港獨在最基本的意義上應該是一種政治主張,認定香港人不是中國人,而是另外一種截然不同的民族,因此必須推動香港獨立於中華人民共和國之外,讓它成為得到世界承認的主權獨立國家」。我們現在目睹的,卻是這條紅線不斷外移,港獨範疇持續擴大,壓縮掉一切賸餘政治空間的情況。為什麼?那是因為我們已經進入了一個非正常狀態,「團結大多數,打擊極少數」的統戰原則已經失效。取而代之的,則是運動年代的「寧左毋右」。
hongkong  separatist  policy  explained  from instapaper
6 weeks ago
蕴含着巨大失败的平淡之年
万历十五年,就选取了这六个人来看历史。把历史的横断面截开后看前因后果,才发现历史也是由人的感情、欲望所驱动的,而不仅仅是像教科书说的那样,规律和逻辑决定了发展的走势。而这些活在历史书上的人,其实和我们一样,虽然身居高位,虽然拥有至高无上的权力,但是依然非常无力。
当一个决策者出了问题,我们可以推锅给他,认为他是罪魁祸首,但是当各个层面的人,文官、武官、哲学家,都觉得无力的时候,那一定是出了某种结构性的问题。
book  review  moi  ming  from instapaper
7 weeks ago
Chinese censorship is no longer just a China problem
Quartz 331K subscribers Up next Autoplay 6:12 Quartz News S1 • E33 Tape is here to rescue big data 91K views 18:02 Strange answers to the psychopath test | Jon…
from instapaper
7 weeks ago
The China Cultural Clash
It all started with a tweet: “It” refers to the current imbroglio surrounding Daryl Morey, the General Manager for the Houston Rockets of the National…
from instapaper
7 weeks ago
How to Round Numbers in Python – Real Python
The “rounding half to even strategy” is the strategy used by Python’s built-in round() function and is the default rounding rule in the IEEE-754 standard. This strategy works under the assumption that the probabilities of a tie in a dataset being rounded down or rounded up are equal. In practice, this is usually the case.
explained  python  numbers  engineer  algorithm  from instapaper
7 weeks ago
iPadOS:键盘和手势
编注:在今年的 WWDC 苹果公布了全新的 iPadOS 系统,在 iOS 功能基础上加入了很多 iPad 专属功能,这一变化也进一步扩展了 iPad 使用场景,我们也整理了一些关于 iPadOS 的重要变化,将陆续作为补充章节更新到本书中。 iPadOS…
from instapaper
7 weeks ago
Trump’s Great and Unmatched Wisdom Falls on the Kurds
The great virtue of Twitter is that it forces users to be concise. One downside is that when an extremely powerful crazy person—the president of the United…
from instapaper
8 weeks ago
梁文道:結局之路由此開始
最讓人震驚的,是一群頭腦發熱的市民在一個商場集會,居然宣佈成立臨時政府,終於用我多年前所說的「打機」心態,邁出貨真價實的港獨第一步,正式把局面上升到顏色革命的程度。到了這一刻,整件事情還有可能善了嗎?恐怕再也不能了。

如果市民每一次成百上千地聚集都是非法集會,每一次你都不可能徹底執法,那麼還有誰會害怕「非法集會」這四個字呢?難怪十月一號那天,竟有十萬以上的市民參加了一次明知非法的遊行。假如早已習慣非法集會的示威者今天又都一起蒙面上街非法遊行,你有把握能夠一次逮捕歸案嗎?更何況反正他們都已經在非法集會了,又怎麼還會害怕犯了蒙面法呢?這就好比立法規定市民不得在家批評政府,這種不能完全執行的立法,最後只會反過來破壞法律的權威,以及執法者的威信。不要輕易去立一條你沒有把握維護的法律,這難道不是很根本的常識?

現在這條法律刺激出了更強烈的反響,讓運動在一夜間成了廣泛的暴動。但恐怕他們不會認為這是判斷錯誤,反而覺得是對手太猖獗,光是這條法律還不夠硬。接下來,既然整場運動已經變質,依循同樣的邏輯,就更該推出宵禁,取消區議會選舉……。
hongkong  2019  opinion  revolution  riot  government  ccp  law  from instapaper
9 weeks ago
被爱死的国家

这当然跟日本政府的架构有很大关系。
比如说,日本内阁理论上是文官政府。但是军队的首脑又自动地是内阁成员。他们并不受首相控制,一不高兴就可以辞职。一辞职内阁就倒台了。

所以日本首相的权力很有限。日本军队做起事情来,经常是不跟内阁打招呼。但是闯出篓子以后,财政啊,外交啊,又要内阁去给他们擦屁股。所以内阁也很头疼。

要说起来,他们也是被“举国一致”这四个字给困住了。
本来,他们坐在那么重要的位置上,就是要向国家贡献自己的经验和智慧。他们要报答国家,最好的方式就是做一个有脑子的人。可是如果所有人想法都一致的话,还需要那么多精英干什么,一个就够了呀。

所谓养蛊反噬,他们已经被困在局中,就只能表现自己的大无畏,表现自己的爱国。其实他们爱的不是国家,而是自己爱国的那种感觉。
ww2  japanese  patriotism  today  politics  state  government  emperor  responsibility  from instapaper
9 weeks ago
“恐怕还是北斋适合中国一般人眼光” ——葛饰北斋与中国的不解之缘
“为画痴狂”的浮世绘画家 在全球范围内有哪一件作品的视觉形象堪与葛饰北斋所创作的彩色木刻版画《巨浪》(题图↑ 又名《神奈川冲浪里》,《富岳三十六景》之一)形象相比,令人印象深刻到能一眼认出?[罗杰·凯斯(Roger…
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9 weeks ago
边走边看 | 中世纪风貌最完整的德国城市罗腾堡

自由开放和多样化是罗腾堡的重要特征,正是这种特征决定了罗腾堡不是天主教而是新教城市。1555年,《奥格斯堡和约》确定了“教随国定”的原则,诸侯和市镇享有决定其民众宗教信仰的权力,而罗腾堡之所以脱离德意志南部顽固的天主教阵营成为新教城市,完全是因为它是一座自由开放的城市。自那时以来,罗腾堡成为孕育文化和商业的摇篮,文明在此碰撞和交汇,吸引人们在此经商和居住。例如,其中著名的有来自阿尔卑斯山谷的布伦塔诺商业家族。

罗腾堡人又献上当地特产弗兰肯葡萄酒,醇香扑鼻,蒂利伯爵见了不禁为其所动,许下诺言,倘若市议员谁能一口气喝干一巨杯葡萄酒,罗腾堡将免遭此劫。不料,市长努施闻言上前,举杯豪饮,一干而尽,征服了蒂利伯爵。

其细长的喷柱顶上有一座圣乔治塑像,喷柱上雕刻着恶龙,雕塑为文艺复兴时期的风格,生动地表现了圣乔治屠龙的故事。勒高夫曾谈到圣徒屠龙雕塑,认为圣徒战胜恶龙不能仅仅从道德和宗教的象征意义上看待,因为在这样的故事中圣徒和恶龙分别代表了社会秩序的守护者和破坏者。“圣徒战胜恶龙,其作用是物质性的、心理性的、社会性的,而不是宗教性的”(《试谈另一个中世纪——西方的时间、劳动和文化》)。显然,作为权力中心边上的公共艺术作品,圣乔治屠龙雕塑充分体现了勒高夫所说的社会性的作用,凸显了维护中世纪逐渐形成的新的社会秩序的意义。
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9 weeks ago
十月一日的意义

自此“国家”的概念,不再是精英阶层的“想象共同体”,才属于了所有的人,属于千千万万普普通通的底层人民。

我们国家有五千年的文明史,确实如此;但在中国共产党普及义务教育、广泛消灭文盲之后,这个“想象共同体”才深入到每个人心中。我们说十月一日是祖国的生日,没有毛病。因为对于大多数人来说,他们意识中“祖国”的诞生,就是来源于那一天。
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9 weeks ago
胜利大阅兵的70面荣誉旗帜,我们只能统计到这里了
【上期内容: 挑战世界最大核巡洋舰,我们都在战位上! ——花絮与杂记·上 】 9月26日,中央电视台新闻中心官方微博@央视新闻,发布了一则探访受训阅兵部队的短视频《带着牺牲战友照片接受检阅》。在这一短视频的结尾,展示了受阅部队将展示各单位的荣誉战旗。…
chinese  honor  20191001  parade  military  tradition  explained  from instapaper
9 weeks ago
“Visions of Empire: How Five Imperial Regimes Shaped the World” by Krishan Kumar

Kumar focuses on five empires: Ottoman, Habsburg, Russian/Soviet, British, and French, but he begins the book by examining what he calls the “parent of Empire”—that of classical Rome, including its eastern half in Byzantium, an example of which, he believes, shaped all of those that came after it. Its imperial legacy included a “civilizing mission”, the spread of a state religion (Christianity), an enlightened approach to non-Romans within the empire, and its claim to universality. “In one way or another,” Kumar writes, “modern imperialism evolved in dialogue with Rome.” All of the empires he examines shared most elements of Rome’s imperial legacy.

these empires fell, he believes, because of war (Habsburg, Ottoman, Russian), the economic and psychological exhaustion caused by war (Britain and France), and lengthy, straining competition with a competing power (the Soviet Union). He agrees with the British historian Paul Johnson that “there are no inevitabilities in history”.

We can still learn and benefit from Toynbee’s massive A Study of History, which sought to find common elements in the birth, rise, decline, and death of civilizations.
history  book  empire  merit  from instapaper
10 weeks ago
梁文道:建制的大台在哪裏?(香港危機解析之二)
我們可以看到內地各個部門和各方力量都在試圖從自己的角度出手「幫忙」,但他們似乎只是遵循一套固有的政治邏輯和意識形態慣性,既沒有搞清楚香港局面的真相,行動之前也沒有長遠和宏觀的效應考慮,並且缺乏彼此之間,以及和香港當局的協調。真沒想到面對這麼重大的危機,原來不只民間反抗運動沒有大台,而且就連建制力量也好像沒有大台。
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11 weeks ago
A Walk In Hong Kong (Idle Words)

The time and location of protests are set via social media alchemy; once you get notified about one, you descend through a spotless mall onto a bright and clean train platform, get whisked away by a train that arrives almost immediately, step out into another mall, then finally walk outside into overwhelming heat and a gathering group of demonstrators.

When it’s over, whether the demonstrators have dispersed of their own will, or are running from rubber bullets and tear gas, you duck into another mall, and another train, and within minutes are back in a land of infinite hypercommerce, tiny alleys and posh hotels with their lobby on the 40th floor of a skyscraper.

the mask I bought here is designed for more delicate faces than mine. When I put it on, it somehow channels the air I exhale directly into my goggles, which fog up instantly.

I should say a few words here about the curious way the protests are organized. The protesters learned in 2014 that having leaders was a weakness. Once the leadership was arrested, the heart went out of the occupy movement, and it lost momentum. So in 2019, there is no leadership at all. The protests are intentionally decentralized, using a jury-rigged combination of a popular message board, the group chat app Telegram, and in-person huddles at the protests.

China has tried in the past to set up an alternative financial center in Shanghai. These days it is trying to promote a concept called the Greater Bay Area that would entangle Hong Kong with nearby cities like Guangzhou and Shenzhen. But the global financial system wants what it wants - an autonomous Hong Kong.
hongkong  street  reportage  police  manif  young  temoignage  organisation  city  comparison  usa  american  from instapaper
11 weeks ago
The Most Pervasive Myth About Free Will
Bereitschaftspotential

total determinism—the idea that all events are set in place by previous ones, including our own mental functions

In 2010, Aaron Schurger had an epiphany. As a researcher at the National Institute of Health and Medical Research in Paris, Schurger studied fluctuations in neuronal activity, the churning hum in the brain that emerges from the spontaneous flickering of hundreds of thousands of interconnected neurons. This ongoing electrophysiological noise rises and falls in slow tides, like the surface of the ocean—or, for that matter, like anything that results from many moving parts. “Just about every natural phenomenon that I can think of behaves this way. For example, the stock market’s financial time series or the weather,” Schurger says.

From a bird’s-eye view, all these cases of noisy data look like any other noise, devoid of pattern. But it occurred to Schurger that if someone lined them up by their peaks (thunderstorms, market records) and reverse-averaged them in the manner of Kornhuber and Deecke’s innovative approach, the results’ visual representations would look like climbing trends (intensifying weather, rising stocks). There would be no purpose behind these apparent trends—no prior plan to cause a storm or bolster the market. Really, the pattern would simply reflect how various factors had happened to coincide.
brain  neuroscience  freedom  determinism  research  from instapaper
12 weeks ago
What Kind of Father Am I? - The American Scholar

Long after it had become apparent that our son had not contracted a fatal disease, I kept thinking—as I again do, in remembering the event—of the errors I had made, of what I should have done instead, of how helpless I had felt following my discovery that the rat had escaped.
thinking  father  son  family  essay  from instapaper
12 weeks ago
开民宿暴赚?采访17位老板后,我们发现这些真相
题图来自:东方IC 蛋蛋说: 民宿一直很热,但似乎又有些过热,房间供大于求,淡季一来,很多民宿空置率很高。据业内人士透露,目前能赚钱的民宿只有20%。带着梦想和疑问,蛋解创业此次采访了包括大乐之野、印主题、町隐学院在内的十多位民宿投资者,了解到一些内幕,让我们一一揭开。 针对以下几个问题,你将获得答案:…
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12 weeks ago
Don’t forget the other half of German history
The Bayerischer Wald , or Bavarian Forest, is a region of low mountains, rivers and pastures; of wolves, wild cats and owls; of quiet towns and late-Baroque…
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august 2019
F**k Jared Diamond

Diamond won a Pulitzer Prize because he made this ridiculous, racist argumentsound like common sense. His books do not merely sanitize a history of colonialviolence; they are its disinfectant. They offer compelling and seemingly intuitivearguments that serve as the “ideology of an imperial capitalism,” as geographer DickPeet called it.B

Cold northern climates produce hardy and thrifty people who thus flourish. Meanwhile, the unrelenting heat along the equator produces lazy people condemned to forever languish in patterns of poverty as predictable as the trade winds.
paper  opinion  determinism  geography  racism  polemic  history  west  colonialism  inequality  human  continent  anthropology  from instapaper
august 2019
日本的傲慢与梦想
一 从日本派出第一支使臣队伍起,中国就把日本列入属国的行列。在中国看来,这个汪洋大海中的岛国和其他小国一样都是不足道的蛮夷。他们只知道,这个岛国上的人个子矮小,所以给他们起了一个别名叫“倭”。 不过,随着交往的增多,日本人还是让中国多少感受到了它内心深处那股其他“蛮夷”没有的 强烈的傲慢…
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august 2019
The truth about tear gas: how Hong Kong police violated guidelines
Civil servants protest in Central on August 2 against the government’s handling of the extradition bill demonstrators. Photo: Felix Wong
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august 2019
Chinese Are Partisan Too
With Darwin came the realization that whatever trats humans share as a species are not gifts of the gods but outcomes of biological evolution. Reason, being…
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august 2019
十二世纪的中国和西欧的书信文化:一个比较
拉丁欧洲(Latin Europe)指的是西欧和北欧那些使用拉丁文作宗教和学术语言的地区。这并不包括拜占庭帝国,因为它使用的是希腊文,文化也有异于拉丁欧洲。【4】当时西班牙的一些地区处于伊斯兰统治之下,所以属于阿拉伯-伊斯兰世界,而非拉丁欧洲。拉丁欧洲统属于教皇,不过在政治上分属许多小政权。而文人的社会网络遍布整个拉丁欧洲,不为政治疆域所限。这段时期的社会、政治和军事都相当混乱,【5】但这大多是地区性的,没有发生能跟金人入侵宋朝相比的引起过极大范围影响的事件。

十二世纪的书信比那之前的书信数量多得多,留存下来的比例也有上升。知识精英在西欧起到的凝聚力,比其他政治和宗教结构所产生的都要多。这就是为什么中世纪史家索瑟恩爵士(Richard Southern)的重要著作以《学术人文主义和欧洲的统一》为题,表明了知识精英的影响力。【8】

十一世纪末,宋代参加解试的士子就有大约79,000人,这些人肯定起码具备进行通信的技能。【34】而欧洲方面,学校里老师和学生的总数不超过几千人。虽然这只是一种很概括的比较,但已能说明中欧书信文化规模大有差别。

欧洲和中国的书信文化对文人文化的重要性颇为不同。写信和编书信集子是欧洲文人从事的最重要的文化事业之一,宋代的著名文人却极少有自编书信集子的——也只有极少数文人的书信得到其他人单独编集,书札一般只作为文集的其中一部分内容。从宋人对他们作品的看法而言,书信以外的一些文体重要性高得多,例如散文、骈文、各类诗歌和奏议等。写信不属于科举的考核内容,也反映它在中国文化中的重要性没那么大。由于西欧文化里的表达体裁相对有限,因此欧洲对书写优美书简的技能给予更多重视。

欧洲对文体没有正式的区分,完全没有像“书”、“启”那样的分类。何况在各种书信文体以外,中国当时的其他文体也更加丰富,如奏议、赠序、碑志等,不一而足。

十二世纪拉丁欧洲的现存书信大约在几千之数。
现存的宋人手迹中不少是书札,从南宋流传至今的大约在一百通上下。
research  literature  intelligentsia  europe  song  comparison  letter  numbers  from instapaper
august 2019
刘擎:2018西方思想年度述评(政治/时局篇:美国独行与欧洲徬徨)
在《西方的没落》出版一百周年的今天,斯宾格勒所激发的文化悲观主义情绪仍然深深困扰着西方社会。“西方衰落论”或许从未衰落,而“历史终结论”似乎已经终结,这曾让旁观者浮想联翩。但“风景这边独好”的亢奋在2018年迅速冷却,于梦醒时分重新面对真相:如果命运共同体是对历史方向的洞察而不是修辞,那么在动荡纷争的世界上没有谁能厉害到独善其身,更遑论称雄天下。
west  2018  survey  news  from instapaper
august 2019
Parlez-Vous Anglais Yes, of Course.

Worldwide university rankings lay bare the choices: At Belgium’s KU Leuven, ranked 48 in the world, students from outside the European Union pay 1,750 euros per year for a B.A. in business taught in English. At the University of Amsterdam, ranked 62, non-European Union students pay 9,300 euros per year for a B.A. in political science. America’s and Britain’s most elite schools still top the global rankings, but after that it’s harder to justify the cost.
education  numbers  money  benelux  from instapaper
august 2019
Trump’s El Paso Photo Is Obscene
A really exceptional work of obscenity, like a really exceptional work of beauty, exceeds the ability of its viewers to fathom what they just saw. Did that just…
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august 2019
One is Chinese. One is American. How a journalist discovered and reunited identical twins

The mother had given birth in a bamboo grove, trying to avoid detection by the government. She and her husband then fled to another province with one twin while leaving the other with an uncle and aunt. But one day when the girls were almost 2 years old, five men working for family planning stormed the house, restrained the aunt and took away the screaming toddler.

He told me his father had been pressuring them to have a boy — in keeping with rural tradition in which the family line is continued through men. His family had lived in Gaofeng for hundreds of years, and it was the men who tended the graves in the family cemetery. When the twins were born, he was pleased to be defying the expectations. “I was so happy when they were born. I couldn’t stop laughing.”

She kept replaying in her head a scene she’d read in a magazine about a 2-year-old girl crying “No, Daddy!” as her father threw her down a well.

“I cried whenever I thought about that girl,” she said. “I knew we had to adopt from China.”

The twins didn’t look directly at each other. They stood side by side, facing a photographer we had brought along. Nobody spoke. Nobody moved. I imagined the twins as a bride and groom in an arranged marriage meeting for the first time.

Nearly 150,000 children have been adopted from China since 1992, 96,000 of them Americans, mostly girls.
hunan  tragedy  twin  american  chinese  reunion  from instapaper
august 2019
What About Nagasaki?

After Hiroshima, now that the bomb was no longer a secret, the Army Air Forces had drafted propaganda leaflets to inform the people of Nagasaki about the possible coming shock—as much an act of psychological warfare as a humanitarian warning. But internal coördination with the bombing crews was so poor that the leaflets were delivered late. They fluttered down over the city the day after the Fat Man went off.

The day after Nagasaki, Truman issued his first affirmative command regarding the bomb: no more strikes without his express authorization. He never issued the order to drop the bombs, but he did issue the order to stop dropping them. Even if Hiroshima remains preëminent in our historical memory—the first nuclear weapon used in anger—Nagasaki may be of greater consequence in the long run, something more than the second attack. Perhaps it will be the last.
nuclear  bomb  japan  1945  usa  history  from instapaper
august 2019
Grant Wood
上周五去本地机场接某人,顺便参观了Cedar Rapids市内的美术馆。画家Grant Wood在这里出生长大,他的作品也有很大一部分留在这里。1932年,Grant Wood画出那幅举世震惊的《美国哥特》(American…
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august 2019
Ideology Kills. How Do You Police It
At least 20 people are dead in El Paso, Texas, and once again some ghoul with a rifle has reignited the moronic inferno of online commentary that follows such…
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august 2019
Simon Schama: why not be wordy?
Sometime around the age of five, I stopped talking; for perhaps a month, just long enough to put the wind up my poor parents, who were driven to distraction by…
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august 2019
Amazon Kindle Oasis Review: Now Is the Perfect Time to Buy an E-Reader
Tech Fix In an era of smartphone addiction, a single-purpose device like an e-reader may help you unplug and focus on content that will bring you joy. Amazon’s…
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august 2019
What Chekhov Has to Tell Us About Capital Punishment
The Anton Chekhov short story “The Bet” opens with a morbid dinner conversation. The guests debate which is worse—to rot in prison forever, or to be killed…
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july 2019
How The West Was Won
I. Someone recently linked me to Bryan Caplan’s post A Hardy Weed: How Traditionalists Underestimate Western Civ . He argues that “western civilization”‘s…
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july 2019
梁文道:721事變的效應
7月21號那天晚上到底發生了什麼事?…
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july 2019
上州
几个星期以来一直陪伴我的一本书,昨天晚上翻完了。上个月离开普林斯顿之前购于镇上的迷宫书店(Labyrinth Bookstore)楼下旧书部。记得很清楚,当天大雨骤歇,和研究生见面结束后,距离和J吃饭还有两个小时。改书稿改到头疼的日子里,决定给自己放个空,于是拿着伞走到书店,翻阅了不少,最后十块钱买下这本。…
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july 2019
The 2019 Audubon Photography Awards: Winners
Audubon Photography Awards 2019 Photo Awards The 2019 awards are sponsored by Birds make fascinating subjects, as the winners and honorable mentions of this…
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july 2019
The Quiet Cruelty of 'When Harry Met Sally'
She just wants it the way she wants it. Hulton Archive / Handout / Getty There’s a scene midway through When Harry Met Sally that finds the rom-com’s title…
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july 2019
红色工程师李鹏的一生|深度|端传媒 Initium Media
在李的任内最具争议也最具符号性的工程,便是当时规模世界第一的长江三峡水电工程——长江在宜昌市三斗坪被截断、筑坝、引流,上百万库区民众就此移民。

这是李鹏早年的梦想。在回忆录中,李鹏称有三个原因将自己带上了水电的道路,一是列宁对共产主义的定义——苏维埃加电气化;二是斯大林时代的苏联第聂伯河水电站工程;三就是他向往三峡工程的建设。
1989/6/4  from instapaper
july 2019
終結拜占庭統治,創造伊斯蘭多元文明的火藥帝國──《鄂圖曼帝國五百年的和平》 | 故事

西方歷史學者往往視歐斯曼帝國為歐洲外在的大威脅,意謂伊斯蘭世界中第三波突厥人(Türk)勢力對基督教國家的抗戰;而就伊斯蘭歷史而言,歐斯曼帝國則象徵伊斯蘭世界第二波的政治與文化成就。

中世紀時,突厥人被從中亞引進阿拉伯伊斯蘭帝國內充當作傭兵(Mamlūk)後,遂被迫阿拉伯化(Arabization),之後突厥人成為伊斯蘭舞臺的導演,阿拉伯人則被迫「歐斯曼化」(Osmanlization),去認同伊斯蘭文化中的突厥元素。

從 Hagia Sophia 到 Fatıh Jami, Sulaymaniyyah 以及 Blue Mosque 等,清真寺建築顯示歐斯曼人善加利用拜占廷建築藝術的精華於伊斯蘭神聖空間的建構;而不少清真寺的設計者更是基督教徒,如 Sinan(c.1489-1588),這突顯歐斯曼統治者的開放胸襟。

歐斯曼帝國內的子民有相當比例是非穆斯林,即所謂的 Dhimmi[2],這些非穆斯林的社群稱為 millet(community)。
book  japanese  turkey  ottoman  review  civ  from instapaper
july 2019
They became millionaires and retired at 31. They think you can do the same
Kristy Shen and Bryce Leung, authors of Quit Like a Millionaire, retired at 31 and 32, respectivelyPhotograph: Kristy Shen and Bryce Leung Growing up in poverty…
from instapaper
july 2019
如是
书稿交掉后的第二天,买了一顶很贵的遮阳帽,戴到第二次出门的时候,丢在公车上。…
from instapaper
july 2019
结婚记-沈诞琦-财新博客-新世纪的常识传播者-财新网
结婚记 2018年09月17日 10:34 分类: 生活 阅读: 婚礼后的第三天,我们乘通宵火车去看我们的猫头鹰。…
from instapaper
july 2019
生活在瑞典 (长,慎入)
主题:生活在瑞典 (长,慎入) |narcissus0xx||只看此ID 一转眼来瑞典三年半了,看本版也没什么人讨论北欧的,不知道发这个帖子会不会有人感兴趣。纯属分享经验,生活苦甜个有滋味,最终不过个人选择不同。很长,不感兴趣的段落请自行跳过。若有不同意见请轻拍吧。…
sweden  numbers  moi  expat  life  kid  family  immobilier  share  from instapaper
july 2019
Inside Shenzhen’s race to outdo Silicon Valley

From a population of 30,000 in the early 1970s, the city has grown to over 10 million, with gleaming high-rises, a modern transport system, and world-class retail. The local government gives grants for filing patents and for starting maker spaces. Gentrification and rising rents have made it the most expensive city in China, as the factories that fueled its boom move steadily outward into the rest of the Pearl River Delta.

From Huaqiangbei the boxes are brought to the depots of global logistics companies and loaded onto airplanes and cargo ships. In the latter case they join 24 million metric tons of container cargo going out every month from Shekou harbor—literally “snake’s mouth,” the world’s third-busiest shipping port after Shanghai and Singapore.

Industrial design companies and independent design houses are the newest parts of a larger ecosystem of business services that includes incubators, coworking spaces, and fab labs such as the Shenzhen Open Innovation Lab (SZOIL), near the border with Hong Kong. SZOIL takes in foreign and Chinese makers alike, teaches them basic fabrication and prototyping skills, and connects them with design firms like Innozen.

key ways of reaching international audiences, like Instagram and Twitter, are accessible only from the mainland through virtual private networks, which the government is making increasingly hard to use. WeChat Pay and Alipay, meanwhile, require a Chinese bank account, making it hard to take payment from foreign clients. All this hampers Shenzhen-based businesses’ dreams of going global.

This isn’t just a China-US problem, but a global one of rising “technonationalism” that could dampen the rise of globalization.

The descendant of the selfie stick is the handheld gimbal stabilizer that, for as little as a hundred dollars, turns any camera into a semi-professional video platform. The hoverboard may have been a one-hit wonder fueled by social media, but scooters and balance boards are taking off as viable modes of short-distance transportation. The first toy quadcopters were little more than annoyances, but their bigger cousins, combined with specialized software, are transforming both filmmaking and surveying work.
reportage  shenzhen  today  innovation  chinese  technology  business  design  from instapaper
july 2019
“Ottoman Odyssey: Travels through a Lost Empire” by Alev Scott

contiguous empires of Russia, Austria-Hungary, China and the Ottomans. These latter were multi-ethnic and—using modern sensibilities—in some ways multinational edifices. They all came to an end around the time of the First World War: China and Russia morphed into republics and largely kept their territories; the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian empires were replaced by a welter of new countries.

Ahmet Davutoğlu who, as Foreign Minister in 2013, said:
The last century was only a parenthesis for us. We will close that parenthesis… We will again tie Sarajevo to Damascus, Benghazi to Erzurum to Batumi. This is the core of our power. These may look like different countries to you, but Yemen and Skopje were part of the same country a hundred and ten years ago…

The numerous remnants of empire are physical (mosques and bridges), consumable (coffee, pastries, sausage) and intangible (vocabulary and music).
book  turkey  history  culture  exchange  ethnic  empire  ottoman  from instapaper
july 2019
《千与千寻》里的小背带,是什么?
论衡(2017.1.20)| 日本的服饰文化与社会心理
金香花 辽宁大学哲学与公共管理学院副教授

日本小学生背塑形书包“ランドセル”,也是对荷兰军用包的改版。我每天能在街头看到三三五五结对上学、放学的可爱“小乌龟们”,头戴圆顶礼帽,背着龟壳舨的“ランドセル”。

在开学典礼和会议或者面试等场合,日本人的着装永远都是低调至极的两个扣子的黑色西装长裤或西装裙套装,挎着方方正正毫无装饰的黑色革包,这会让我瞬间穿越,那似曾相识的感觉仿佛是小时候跟着妈妈在市场上看从朝鲜进口的黑色革包。

周末日本人常见的是头戴宽檐礼帽,穿破洞牛仔裤上面一个T恤衫,一件薄薄的针织开衫随意搭在后背,袖子则绕过肩膀在胸前轻轻打结,以便随时取下来防晒或防寒。

还记得《一休》动画片里面那些每天快乐擦地板的小和尚们吧,那齐刷刷地擦地板的姿势估计看过动画片的人都会印象深刻。我好奇他们是怎么把肥大的袖子绑住方便干活。方法是用一根绑带从左腋、右肩斜过后背,左腋下的绑带绕左肩在后背处交叉,从右腋下绕到前方与绑带的另一头系上。这在宋代叫做襻膊。
japan  japanese  korea  clothing  culture  uniform  tradition  anime  from instapaper
july 2019
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