andrewducker + morality   62

Should we judge people of past eras for moral failings?
Interesting article, although it fails to note that the same applies to people in different places now.
morality 
august 2013 by andrewducker
People believe that God believes whatever they do.
The team asked another group of volunteers to undertake tasks designed to soften their existing views, such as preparing speeches on the death penalty in which they had to take the opposite view to their own. They found that this led to shifts in the beliefs attributed to God, but not in those attributed to other people.

Finally, the team used fMRI to scan the brains of volunteers while they contemplated the beliefs of themselves, God or "average Americans". In all the experiments the volunteers professed beliefs in an Abrahamic God. The majority were Christian.

In the first two cases, similar parts of the brain were active. When asked to contemplate other Americans' beliefs, however, an area of the brain used for inferring other people's mental states was active. This implies that people map God's beliefs onto their own.
religion  psychology  science  god  morality  research 
december 2009 by andrewducker
Op-Ed Columnist - Would You Slap Your Father? If So, You’re a Liberal - NYTimes.com
For liberals, morality derives mostly from fairness and prevention of harm. For conservatives, morality also involves upholding authority and loyalty — and revulsion at disgust.
politics  psychology  morality 
june 2009 by andrewducker
Wild Justice - evidence of morality in animals
In one lab study of Diana monkeys, for instance, the animals had to put tokens into a slot to receive their food. When an elderly female couldn't manage hers, a neighbouring male inserted the tokens for her. In a different kind of experiment, rats refused to push a lever for food when they realised their action meant another animal got an electric shock.
animals  morality 
may 2009 by andrewducker

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