amaah + norms   31

We find that the arrival of Europeans in Uganda ignited a century-long transformation of Kampala involving a gender Kuznets curve. Men rapidly acquired literacy and quickly found their way into white-collar (high-status) employment in the wage economy built by the Europeans. Women took somewhat longer to obtain literacy and considerably longer to enter into white-collar and waged work. This led to increased gender inequality during the first half of the colonial period. But gender inequality gradually declined during the latter half of the colonial era, and after Uganda’s independence in 1962 its level was not significantly different from that of pre-colonial times. Our data also support Boserup’s view that gender inequality was rooted in indigenous social norms: daughters of African men who worked in the traditional, informal economy were less well educated, less frequently employed in formal work, and more often subjected to marital gender inequality than daughters of men employed in
africa  colonialism  gender  history  research  uganda  religion  social  norms  tradition  literacy  policy  strategy  culture 
february 2015 by amaah
An ounce of inefficiency
"adherence to inefficient traditions matters quite a lot. On the other hand, taking the long-term historical view, they scarcely matter at all." On norms
tradition  culture  standards  inertia  humanfactors  economics  bureaucracy  observation  perception  USA  adoption  social  anthropology  communities  organization  norms 
september 2010 by amaah
Booming Segway use in North End has eyes rolling, tempers flaring
how do norms adjust when new transportation devices come onboard? We are more or less used to strollers, bicycles, skateboards and roller skates but what about the Segway?
technology  adoption  transportation  urban  city  street  life  norms  law  regulation 
february 2010 by amaah
Africa's continental divide: land disputes
a form of conflict resolution after the Liberian and Sierra-Leone civil wars
land  property  law  norms  standards  liberia  sierraleone  policy  strategy  politics  power  gender  Africa 
january 2010 by amaah
The Norm of Self-Interest
always recommending things that Mr Hyde... The self-interest motive is singularly powerful according to many of the most influential theories of human behavior and the layperson alike. In the present article the author examines the role the assumption of self-interest plays in its own confirmation. It is proposed that a norm exists in Western cultures that specifies self-interest both is and ought to be a powerful determinant of behavior. This norm influences people's actions and opinions as well as the accounts they give for their actions and opinions. In particular, it leads people to act and speak as though they care more about their material self-interest than they do.
norms  values  economics  humanfactors  research  psychology  incentives  motivation  decisions  optimization  via:bhyde 
january 2010 by amaah
African viewpoint: Old bones
"I am afraid every time there is a story out of Africa that features figures or age, that story has to be taken with a large dose of salt." Mum on age in Africa
age  ageing  Africa  culture  identity  respect  norms  humour  observation  mum 
january 2010 by amaah
Underwater and Not Walking Away: Shame, Fear and the Social Management of the Housing Crisis (pdf)
Despite reports that homeowners are increasingly “walking away” from their mortgages, most homeowners continue to make their payments even when they are significantly underwater. This article suggests that most homeowners choose not to strategically default as a result of two emotional forces: 1) the desire to avoid the shame and guilt of foreclosure; and 2) exaggerated anxiety over foreclosure’s perceived consequences. Moreover, these emotional constraints are actively cultivated by the government and other social control agents in order to encourage homeowners to follow social and moral norms related to the honoring of financial obligations - and to ignore market and legal norms under which strategic default might be both viable and the wisest financial decision. Norms governing homeowner behavior stand in sharp contrast to norms governing lenders, who seek to maximize profits or minimize losses irrespective of concerns of morality or social responsibility. Norm asymmetry
economics  bubble  debt  depression  norms  values  strategy  control  law  pressure  loss  psychology  housing  mortgage  morality  shame  information  decisions  research  fear  manipulation  politics  culture  perception  risk  humanfactors  social  groups  filetype:pdf  media:document 
november 2009 by amaah
Not being on time a high art in Mexico
on different conceptions of time... The punctual suffer in Mexico City, where lateness often seems as natural as gravity.
culture  Mexico  time  norms  social  perception  observation 
september 2009 by amaah
Smoking bans and public norms
the interesting question is not so much the spread of the ban across jurisdictions as its nearly universal success in implementation
smoking  norms  mores  behaviour  sociology  law  politics  health  communities  social  economics  costs  policy  strategy 
september 2009 by amaah
In Paris, Behavior Brigade Battles To Make Oui-Oui a Non-Non
on trying to stop public urination ... nuisance versus perception of victimless crime...
health  norms  sanitation  publichealth  crime  waste  policy  regulation  city  urban  Paris  social  values  nuisance  culture  perception  France  behaviour  humanfactors 
september 2009 by amaah
Let's talk about work
We suffer from a disconnection between value and utility. Peter Conrad on the significance of work and its centrality to our lives. Perhaps this depression will cause a reconsideration of work... funny how Veblen, Marx, Keynes and others are being revisited.
labour  work  culture  economics  lifestyle  values  norms  capitalism  depression  strategy  history  perception 
march 2009 by amaah
Punished supplicants
On the workings (or perhaps non-workings) of the Chinese petitioning system... every society has its traditional release valves and means of making grievances against authority known. These are present even if no one is listening or acting.
China  law  tradition  history  culture  regulation  norms  democracy  social 
march 2009 by amaah
Lying Around - Part I
I have been thinking recently about lying. I don't mean I have been thinking of telling a lie. Many of the lies I tell do not need to be thought about very much. "I am fine." "Not at all. I think that color is quite flattering." "Let me pay. My university will reimburse me." "Yes, Dr. Phillips, I floss every day." I mean I have been thinking about what is a lie and is it ever okay to tell one and why, if we think lying is wrong, so many of us are liars.
lies  truth  philosophy  lying  social  norms  values  morality 
january 2009 by amaah
Back is beautiful
discoursing on the butt aesthetic, namely the cultural significance of the popularity of Jennifer Lopez's butt... Note: the follow-up essay poses the critical question about whether the US is ready for a First Lady with booty appeal... Oh the humanity
butt  aesthetic  norms  beauty  culture  race  pop  USA 
november 2008 by amaah
What I Picked Up About Trash in Taipei
Waiting for the garbage truck is one of Taiwan's liveliest communal rites. These curbside jaunts were my initiation into Taiwan's broader waste-disposal network, municipal employees and regular citizens all doing their part to keep the system humming
garbage  waste  environment  social  policy  communities  Taiwan  law  norms 
december 2007 by amaah
The Privacy Non-Principle and sundry notions
Privacy is too squirrely for principles. We need to keep it difficult. more of Weinberger's miscellany
culture  internet  web  privacy  observation  technology  norms 
september 2007 by amaah
Getting the Word Out: Notes on the Social Organization of Notification (pdf)
Even when the timing, sequence, and manner of notification are instrumentally inconsequential, how one conveys information affects the meaning of the telling. study of notification, the broader concept of the information order, a sociology of information.
sociology  technology  notification  norms  social  web  email  culture  research  filetype:pdf  media:document 
june 2007 by amaah

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