amaah + decisions   29

only a constant factor worse than optimal
Kragen on optimization ... when should you buy a time-saving appliance? and what about trying to live on a food diet at the minimum wage level? does monotony of diet affect the outcome?
nutrition  adoption  technology  decisions  food  optimization  strategy  economics  taste 
june 2013 by amaah
An Option Value Problem from Seinfeld (pdf)
"This is a paper about nothing." Modeling the spongeworthiness dilemma that Elaine faces in Seinfeld as an option value optimization problem.
mathematics  economics  optimization  options  culture  decisions  modeling  tv  strategy  observation  seinfeld  filetype:pdf  media:document 
july 2010 by amaah
On Critical Mass
reading "A Theory of the Critical Mass..." by Oliver, Marwell, and Teixeira. The article formalizes the notion of critical mass in collective action. It identifies two main independent variables that can influence the "probability, extent, and effectiveness of group actions in pursuit of collective goods"
groups  coordination  collaboration  organization  systems  technology  decisions  costs  economics  lowendtheory 
june 2010 by amaah
Doctors as Bankers: Evidence from Fertility Markets
Jim Hawkins investigates how doctors act as shills for credit companies and banks who they recommend to patients seeking expensive treatments that aren't normally covered by insurance

"doctors play an important role in patients’ decisions about credit, discussing credit with patients and even recommending and promoting specific lenders to patients while excluding consideration of other potential lenders."
economics  banking  health  credit  debt  values  standards  USA  business  decisions  doctors  shellgame 
february 2010 by amaah
The Norm of Self-Interest
always recommending things that Mr Hyde... The self-interest motive is singularly powerful according to many of the most influential theories of human behavior and the layperson alike. In the present article the author examines the role the assumption of self-interest plays in its own confirmation. It is proposed that a norm exists in Western cultures that specifies self-interest both is and ought to be a powerful determinant of behavior. This norm influences people's actions and opinions as well as the accounts they give for their actions and opinions. In particular, it leads people to act and speak as though they care more about their material self-interest than they do.
norms  values  economics  humanfactors  research  psychology  incentives  motivation  decisions  optimization  via:bhyde 
january 2010 by amaah
Underwater and Not Walking Away: Shame, Fear and the Social Management of the Housing Crisis (pdf)
Despite reports that homeowners are increasingly “walking away” from their mortgages, most homeowners continue to make their payments even when they are significantly underwater. This article suggests that most homeowners choose not to strategically default as a result of two emotional forces: 1) the desire to avoid the shame and guilt of foreclosure; and 2) exaggerated anxiety over foreclosure’s perceived consequences. Moreover, these emotional constraints are actively cultivated by the government and other social control agents in order to encourage homeowners to follow social and moral norms related to the honoring of financial obligations - and to ignore market and legal norms under which strategic default might be both viable and the wisest financial decision. Norms governing homeowner behavior stand in sharp contrast to norms governing lenders, who seek to maximize profits or minimize losses irrespective of concerns of morality or social responsibility. Norm asymmetry
economics  bubble  debt  depression  norms  values  strategy  control  law  pressure  loss  psychology  housing  mortgage  morality  shame  information  decisions  research  fear  manipulation  politics  culture  perception  risk  humanfactors  social  groups  filetype:pdf  media:document 
november 2009 by amaah
Why The World's Poor Refuse Insurance
even without formal insurance, most people already have some version of a safety net: friends, family and--in truly catastrophic situations--government. "The challenge for insurance is to beat those other mechanisms, not to beat nothing,"
economics  microfinance  debt  insurance  humanfactors  poverty  strategy  decisions  Malawi  farming  africa  development  banking 
september 2009 by amaah
Multicommodity network flow approach to the railroad crew-scheduling problem
great paper... The crew-scheduling problem is to assign operators to scheduled trains over a time horizon at minimal cost while honoring operational and contractual requirements. Currently, decisions related to crew are made manually. We present our work developing a network-flow-based crew-optimization model that can be applied at the tactical, planning, and strategic levels of crew scheduling.
technology  networks  systems  coordination  scheduling  mathematics  algorithms  programming  optimization  transportation  constraints  modeling  flow  operations  research  engineering  complexity  performance  economics  strategy  policy  decisions 
september 2009 by amaah
Clinical and Actuarial Judgment Compared
The rather surprising, and completely consistent, result of these studies is that there are no known cases where clinicians reliably out-perform actuarial methods, even when the statistical models are just linear classification rules, i.e., about as simple a model as you can come up with. In many areas, statistical classifiers significantly out-perform human experts. They even out-perform experts who have access to the statistical results, apparently because the experts place too much weight on their own judgment, and not enough on the statistics. Whether you think this is depressing news or not to some degree depends on your feelings about "clinical" experts.
science  statistics  medicine  judgement  health  humanfactors  decisions  modeling  mathematics  operations  operationsresearch  research  thinking  policy  strategy 
august 2009 by amaah
Putting the collaborator back into collaborative filtering (pdf)
on the impact of human factors on the effectiveness of recommendation systems targeting the Netflix prize... compare to Activity Rank and Tanamoto approaches
recommendations  humanfactors  design  algorithms  technology  mathematics  analysis  research  performance  optimization  decisions  software  systems  via:greglinden  filetype:pdf  media:document 
october 2008 by amaah
A dizzying world of insight lurks beyond the averages
A gloriously rich world is hidden from us by "averages." We manage our lives and our businesses by choose averages on which to make a decision and we cut ourselves off from more nuanced information that might lead to a better decision.
strategy  business  decisions  economics  statistics  policy  modeling 
august 2007 by amaah
A Real Options Metric to Evaluate Network , Protocol, and Service Architecture (pdf)
Mark Gaynor and Scott Bradner's paper on using Real Options to quantify options value of various network architectures and componentry
end-to-end  options  economics  networks  value  strategy  technology  generativity  theory  decisions  adoption  standards  filetype:pdf  media:document 
march 2007 by amaah
The Game of the Rough Beast
The beach at Beit Lahiya. / The soul of a reporter. / The policies of The Editors.
Musing on the strange architecture of misdirection and words hidden in plain sight
journalism  misdirection  framing  NewYorkTimes  editorial  decisions  poetry  literature  Yeats  war  crime  conflict  politics  media  language  deception  observation  loss  waste  grief  spin  outrage  reflection  bias  tone  NYT  Israel  Palestine  ThingsFallApart  TheRoughBeast  toli  Blake  mendacity 
october 2006 by amaah
Slicing and Dicing the Senate
The idea of this technique, “Optimal Classification Estimates”, is to reduce each legislator to two numbers and them pin them onto that graph. It’s extremely reductionist, but it works. The model is extremely accurate; around 95% these days. Amazing
visualization  economics  politics  modeling  strategy  voting  regulation  race  insight  decisions  usa 
august 2006 by amaah
right/left wing?
An economic model for predicting votes in American Congress throughout most of its history. It turns out that only 2 factors are needed to predict 95% of votes: 1. the regulation of commercial activity and 2 race.
economics  politics  modeling  strategy  voting  regulation  race  insight  decisions  usa  mathematics 
august 2006 by amaah
The Unpolitical Animal
An oldie but goodie: how political science understands voters or rather that nagging human factor. Human beings are a tough nut to crack with the emphasis on the word nut
politics  culture  election  sociology  apathy  decisions  strategy  framing  branding  attention  belief  psychology  humanfactors 
july 2006 by amaah
Doctors See Way to Cut Suffering in Lethal Injection
Editorial decisions: the callous original published title "Doctors See Way to Cut Suffering in Lethal Injection" has since been modified online to say "Doctors See Way to Cut Suffering in Executions". Cruelty & cognitive dissonance. This is America.
callous  journalism  cruelty  editorial  decisions  NewYorkTimes  NYT  media  HeartOfDarkness  America  USA  death  TheRoughBeast 
june 2006 by amaah
Dilemmas
An examination question: Hunger, dying computer, laundry, World Cup, French Open, day job, marriage, groceries, family, house, reading, futures, bill. Discuss how you would resolve the various competing concerns. Provide enough detail to satisfy the repor
life  whimsy  SmallThings  football  worldcup  tradeoffs  dilemma  decisions  obsession  fever  attention  ADD  community  relationships  modernity  muititasking  juggling  humour  internet  web  conversation  fun  soccer  organization  preparation  observation  funny  insanity  ThoughtProcess  risks  toli  SocialLiving  ThingsFallApart  communities 
june 2006 by amaah
Errant Shell Turns Girl Into Palestinian Icon
The same story the next day: Huda Ghaliya, the sixth-grade student whose horrified screams on Friday as she knelt by her dead family on a Gaza beach were televised around the world, has quickly become an icon of the Palestinian struggle against Israeli mi
Israel  Palestine  war  loss  outrage  crime  grief  image  iconography  framing  media  newyorktimes  nyt  editorial  decisions  ThingsFallApart  deception  HeartOfDarkness  TheRoughBeast 
june 2006 by amaah
Abject Mendacity of New York Times Editors
Words fail me. Replace the opening paragraph with the conveniently-buried fourth paragraph. Would you have used the same strong title for the story? What kind of injustice is this? I give up on this world. Huhudious or silly season. Abject mendacity.
lies  mendacity  deception  outrage  editorial  decisions  NewYorkTimes  framing  israel  war  crime  Palestine  conflict  journalism  media  nyt  huhudious  HeartOfDarkness  TheRoughBeast 
june 2006 by amaah
Love it or leave it! (Exit, Voice or Loyalty)
"members of an organization have three broad choices about how to respond when the organization goes into decline. Exit - They can leave. Voice - They can argue for change. Loyality - They can remain silent and loyal." I say voice and view source
organization  communities  groups  strategy  dissent  groupthink  advocacy  politics  dynamics  insight  observation  tribes  usa  technology  demagogues  rogues  vietnam  iraq  nixon  neocons  decisions 
may 2006 by amaah
A Rocket to Nowhere
Taken on its own merits, the Shuttle gives the impression of a vehicle designed to be launched repeatedly to near-Earth orbit, tended by five to seven passengers with little concern for their personal safety, and requiring extravagant care and preparation
Design  decisions  shuttle  space  science  engineering  tradeoffs  nasa  observation  technology 
august 2005 by amaah
On The Limitations Of Notes On The Web
The question is, why did these web interfaces (of Lotus Notes) not get widely adopted?
technology  software  web  lotus  notes  ibm  history  strategy  organizations  adoption  decisions  iNotes  K-station  websphere  portal  rest  toli 
june 2005 by amaah
Explaining Software Designs
Malcolm Gladwell's point about snap judgments ala Blink applied to the sports and technology worlds
software  sports  decisions  language  technology  comprehension  bitttorrent  toli 
march 2005 by amaah

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