Michael.Massing + literature   74

download PPT: Writing a Literature Review
tips for researching, reading, evaluating, reviewing academic literature
research  reading  writing  evaluation  literature  review  academic  professional  howto  tips 
december 2015 by Michael.Massing
JEL classification codes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Articles in economics journals are usually classified according to the JEL classification codes, a system originated by the Journal of Economic Literature. The JEL is published quarterly by the American Economic Association (AEA) and contains survey articles and information on recently published books and dissertations. The AEA maintains EconLit, a searchable data base of citations for articles, books, reviews, dissertations, and working papers classified by JEL codes for the years from 1969. A recent addition to EconLit is indexing of economics-journal articles from 1886 to 1968[1] parallel to the print series Index of Economic Articles.
business  economics  papers  research  abstracts  classification  reference  literature  articles  index  JEL  AEA 
december 2015 by Michael.Massing
Economic and Business Review
It is expected that submitted articles contribute to increased understanding of the phenomenon studied and are efficiently written, methodologically clear, conceptually and empirically rigorous, readable and bias free. Authors need to highlight how the paper adds to domain knowledge or improves existing knowledge in the area of applied business and economic research.

Submitted papers could be conceptual, interpretative or empirical studies. Literature reviews, conceptual frameworks and models that cover substantive insights are welcomed. Papers that employ either qualitative or quantitative research approaches, surveys, case studies, experiments or historical models can be considered for reviews.
business  economics  papers  research  peer  review  literature  source 
december 2015 by Michael.Massing
Working Papers and Technical Reports in Business, Economics, & Law : (Business Reference Services, Library of Congress)
To increase awareness of and access to valuable grey literature in business, economics and law, the Library of Congress provides online access both through its catalog and through these web pages to a growing number of working papers and technical reports in these areas placed online by institutions responsible for creating the reports.

The Library of Congress also has a substantial collection of print copies of such literature published by foreign academic and research institutions. Information on these and other technical reports held by the Library of Congress may be obtained from the Technical Reports and Standards Section of the Science, Technology, and Business Division.
business  economics  papers  research  library  of  Congress  resource  gray  literature 
december 2015 by Michael.Massing
Free ebooks by Project Gutenberg - Gutenberg
Lest we forget: Free ebooks by Project Gutenberg - Gutenberg
free  books  online  ebooks  literature  reference 
november 2015 by Michael.Massing
Search Tips
standard chemistry searches, based on structure drawings and chemical identifiers
chemistry  research  literature  database  search  structure  compound 
october 2015 by Michael.Massing
Ursula K. Le Guin talks to Michael Cunningham about genres, gender, and broadening fiction | Electric Literature
Ursula K. Le Guin, national treasure, w/ Michael Cunningham: genres, gender, broadening fiction | Electric Literature
books  fiction  literature  genre  Ursula  K  LeGuin  Michael  Cunningham 
november 2014 by Michael.Massing
Gut Microbiota and Inflammation
The review focuses on human trials with probiotics and does not include in vitro studies and animal experimental models. The applications of probiotics considered are systemic immune-modulation, the metabolic syndrome, liver injury, inflammatory bowel disease, colorectal cancer and radiation-induced enteritis. When the major genomic differences between different types of probiotics are taken into account, it is to be expected that the human body can respond differently to the different species and strains of probiotics. This fact is often neglected in discussions of the outcome of clinical trials with probiotics.
research  peer-reviewed  in  vivo  human  clinical  trial  gut  flora  earnest  bacteria  treatment  stress  distress  literature  review  meta-analysis  infection  inflammation  microbiota  probiotic  immune  system  metabolic  syndrome  liver  inflammatory  bowel  disease  colorectal  cancer  radiation-induced  enteritis  correlation  variability  benefit  beneficial 
february 2013 by Michael.Massing
Cannabinoid-related agents in the... [Recent Pat CNS Drug Discov. 2012] - PubMed - NCBI
Rich evidence has shown that cannabis products exert a broad gamut of effects on emotional regulation. The main psychoactive ingredient of hemp, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and its synthetic cannabinoid analogs have been reported to either attenuate or exacerbate anxiety and fear-related behaviors in humans and experimental animals.
The heterogeneity of cannabis-induced psychological outcomes reflects a complex network of molecular interactions...The high degree of interindividual variability in the responses to cannabis is contributed by a wide spectrum of factors, including genetic and environmental determinants, as well as differences in the relative concentrations of THC and other alkaloids (such as cannabidiol) within the plant itself.
The present article reviews the currently available knowledge on the herbal, synthetic and endogenous cannabinoids with respect to the modulation of anxiety responses, and highlights the challenges that should be overcome to harness the therapeutic potential of some of these compounds, all the while limiting the [adverse] effects associated with cannabis consumption. In addition the article presents some promising patents on cannabinoid-related agents.
medical  research  peer-reviewed  cannabis  marijuana  drug  effects  environment  set  brain  cognition  emotion  response  anxiety  cannabinoids  dosage  genetics  cannabidiol  literature  review  adverse  correlation 
april 2012 by Michael.Massing
Effects of endocannabinoid system modul... [Front Behav Neurosci. 2011] - PubMed - NCBI
Cannabis has long been known to produce cognitive and emotional effects. Research has shown that cannabinoid drugs produce these effects by driving the brain's endogenous cannabinoid system and that this system plays a modulatory role in many cognitive and emotional processes.
This review focuses on the effects of endocannabinoid system modulation in animal models of cognition (learning and memory) and emotion (anxiety and depression). We review studies in which natural or synthetic cannabinoid agonists were administered to directly stimulate cannabinoid receptors or, conversely, where cannabinoid antagonists were administered to inhibit the activity of cannabinoid receptors. In addition, studies are reviewed that involved genetic disruption of cannabinoid receptors or genetic or pharmacological manipulation of the endocannabinoid-degrading enzyme, fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH).
Endocannabinoids affect the function of many neurotransmitter systems, some of which play opposing roles. The diversity of cannabinoid roles and the complexity of task-dependent activation of neuronal circuits may lead to the effects of endocannabinoid system modulation being strongly dependent on environmental conditions. Recent findings are reviewed that raise the possibility that endocannabinoid signaling may change the impact of environmental influences on emotional and cognitive behavior rather than selectively affecting any specific behavior.
medical  research  peer-reviewed  cannabis  marijuana  drug  effects  environment  set  brain  cognition  emotion  response  in  vivo  animal  models  literature  reviews  correlation 
april 2012 by Michael.Massing
Studies of studies show that we get things wrong | Ben Goldacre | Comment is free | The Guardian
Vinay Prasad and colleagues... took all 212 academic papers published in the New England Journal of Medicine during 2009. Of those, 124 made some kind of claim about whether a treatment worked or not, so then they set about measuring how those findings fitted into what was already known. Two reviewers assessed whether the results were positive or negative in each study, and then, separately, whether these new findings overturned previous research.
Seventy-three of the studies looked at new treatments, so there was nothing to overturn. [The remaining 51] were, essentially, evenly split: 16 upheld a current practice as beneficial, 19 were inconclusive, and crucially, 16 found that a practice believed to be effective was, in fact, ineffective, or vice versa....
[Y]ou can look at the same problem from the opposite end of the telescope. In 2005, John Ioannidis gathered together all the major clinical research papers published in three prominent medical journals between 1990 and 2003: specifically, he took the "citation classics", the 49 studies that were cited more than 1,000 times by subsequent academic papers.
Then he checked to see whether their findings had stood the test of time, by conducting a systematic search in the literature, to make sure he was consistent in finding subsequent data. From his 49 citation classics, 45 found that an intervention was effective, but in the time that had passed, only half of these findings had been positively replicated. Seven studies, 16%, were flatly contradicted by subsequent research, and for a further seven studies, follow-up research had found that the benefits originally identified were present, but more modest than first thought.
This looks like a reasonably healthy state of affairs: there probably are true tales of dodgy peer reviewers delaying publication of findings they don't like, but overall, things are routinely proven to be wrong in academic journals.
medical  research  limitations  science  scientific  method  peer-reviewed  conspiracy  theories  news  reporting  literature  review  overview  history  Ben  Goldacre 
january 2012 by Michael.Massing
Status of herbal medicines in the treatmen... [Curr Diabetes Rev. 2009] - PubMed - NCBI
[Diabetes mellitus] has reached epidemic proportions in the US and more recently worldwide. The morbidity and mortality associated with diabetes is anticipated to account for a substantial proportion of health care expenditures. Although there are several drug treatments currently available, the need for new herbal agents for treatment of diabetes are required. The treatment goals for patients with diabetes have evolved significantly over the last 80 years, from preventing imminent mortality, to alleviating symptoms, to the now recognized objective of normalization or near normalization of glucose levels with the intent of forestalling diabetic complications. The present review stated several findings from an extensive literature search of natural plants that have been assessed for the anti diabetic activity over past 80 years. An attempt has been made to summarize the information in order to highlight those chemical entities and plant species which are of worthy for further investigation as leads to the drug developments. Over 100 plant species from wide range of families containing various chemical classes of compounds have been cited here which are worthy for the researchers and the industrialist concerned to diabetes.
medical  research  herbal  natural  treatment  drug  diabetes  alternative  medicine  literature  review  overview  peer-reviewed  links  what.I'm.reading  efficacy  T2D 
january 2012 by Michael.Massing
Vitamin D Guidelines Edge Upwards, But Most Americans Getting Enough: Report | Philly | 11/02/2011
[Revised] recommendations are based on a review of almost 1,000 studies and testimony from scientists and others....

[Some experts believe vitamin D can fight a range of diseases and have called for daily levels] of up to 2,000 IU....

[The committee reviewed hundreds of reports on potential benefits: "We have intriguing other areas to research...current data are insufficient for] defining an appropriate intake. Bone health is the primary outcome."

[For calcium, the committee recommends 0.7g daily for children 1-3, and 1g from 4-8. Children and teens 9-18 need no more than 1.3g. For most adults 19-50 and for men up to 71, 1g daily suffices. For women over 50 and men and women over 70, 1.2g a day is enough]....

For vitamin D, the uppermost levels are 2,500 IUs per day for children aged [1-3; 3,000 IUs daily for children 4-8; and 4,000 IUs] for everyone else.

For calcium, [outer ranges are 2.5g per day ages 1-8; 3g daily age 9-18; 2.5g 19-50; and 2g per day for all others....
vitamin  D  recommendations  optimal  minimum  maximum  supplements  diet  calcium  review  literature  risk  benefit  from delicious
november 2011 by Michael.Massing
Are You Getting Enough Vitamin D?
"I am delighted the upper limit for vitamin D has been doubled to 4,000 IUs per day, although this is a conservative level, considering the body of scientific evidence indicating it should be 10,000 IU," [Dr. Robert Heaney of Creighton] tells WebMD. "However, few people need more than 4,000 IUs, which will meet the needs of most healthy people, give physicians confidence to recommend supplementation, and allow research at higher vitamin D levels."

In July 2011, the Endocrine Society Practice Guidelines published recommendations for the evaluation, treatment, and prevention of vitamin D recommending an upper limit of 10,000 IU/day.

"There is a potential to cause harm if you overdose on supplements above 4,000 IU/day but there is no fear of overdosing from the sun because your skin acts like a regulatory system, only allowing production of the amount of vitamin D you need," Brannon says.
vitamin  D  dosage  supplement  research  medical  review  literature  recommendations  maximum  toxicity  risk  benefit  from delicious
november 2011 by Michael.Massing
Gothic fiction - Children's Books Wiki - Your guide to children's books
The effect of Gothic fiction depends on a pleasing sort of terror, an extension of Romantic literacy pleasures[. Melodrama and parody (including self-parody) also mark the Gothic]....In a way similar to the gothic revivalists' rejection of the clarity and rationalism of the neoclassical style of the Enlightened Establishment, the literary Gothic embodies an appreciation of the joys of extreme emotion, the thrills of fearfulness and awe inherent in the sublime, and a quest for atmosphere. The ruins of gothic buildings gave rise to multiple linked emotions by representing the inevitable decay and collapse of human creations—thus the urge to add fake ruins as eyecatchers in English landscape parks. English Gothic writers often associated medieval buildings with what they saw as a dark and terrifying period, characterized by harsh laws enforced by torture, and with mysterious, fantastic, and superstitious rituals.
gothic  literature  books  children's  fiction  genres  from delicious
july 2011 by Michael.Massing
Genre in Children's Literature
[Perhaps more useful in delineating format than genre, e.g.:] <br />
Across genre there are picture books, pop-up books, classics, and concept books: (alphabet books, number books, predictable books).
educaton  children's  books  literature  genres  reading  from delicious
july 2011 by Michael.Massing
This is the dawning of the Age of Credulity - Roger Ebert's Journal
Were there invisible quotation marks about my Creationism article? Of course there were. How could you be expected to see them? In a sense, I didn't want you to. I wrote it straight. The quotation marks would have been supplied by the instincts of the ironic reader. The classic model is Jonathan Swift's famous essay, "A Modest Proposal." I remember Miss Seward at Urbana High School, telling us to read it in class and note the exact word at which Swift's actual purpose became clear. None of us had ever heard of it, and she didn't use a giveaway word like "satire." Yet not a single person in the class concluded that Swift was seriously proposing that the starving Irish eat their babies. We all got it.
irony  literature  satire  Roger  Ebert  culture  reading  perception  creationism  religion  science  earnest  from delicious
april 2011 by Michael.Massing
Returning the Gift: Poetry and Prose from the First North American Native Writers' Festival
An unprecedented gathering of more than 300 Native writers was held in Norman, Oklahoma, in 1992. The Returning the Gift Festival brought more Native writers together in one place than at any other time in history....[Joseph] Bruchac invited every writer who attended the festival to submit new, unpublished work; he then selected the best of the more than 200 submissions to create a collection that includes established writers like Duane Niatum, Simon Ortiz, Lance Henson, Elizabeth Woody, Linda Hogan, and Jeanette Armstrong, and also introduces such lesser-known or new voices as Tracy Bonneau, Jeanetta Calhoun, Kim Blaeser, and Chris Fleet. The anthology includes works from every corner of the continent, representing a wide range of tribal affiliations, languages, and cultures. By taking their peoples' literature back to them in the form of stories and songs, these writers see themselves as returning the gift of storytelling, culture, and continuance to the source from which it came.
Native  American  Indian  literature  books  poetry  prose  via:Debbie.Reese  from delicious
february 2011 by Michael.Massing
Book Lovers Fear Dim Future for Notes in the Margins - NYTimes.com
[Books once owned or annotated by authors] connect President Lincoln and Alexander Pope; Jane Austen and William Cooper; Walt Whitman and Henry David Thoreau....Samuel Taylor Coleridge was a prolific margin writer, as were William Blake and Charles Darwin. In the 20th century [marginalia] came to be regarded like graffiti: something polite and respectful people did not do. [Generations of librarians and teachers have “inflicted] us with the idea” that writing in books makes them “spoiled or damaged.” <br />
But marginalia never vanished. When Nelson Mandela was imprisoned in South Africa in 1977, a copy of Shakespeare was circulated among the inmates. Mandela wrote his name next to the passage from “Julius Caesar” that reads, “Cowards die many times before their deaths.” <br />
Studs Terkel, the oral historian, was known to admonish friends who would read his books but leave them free of markings. He told them that reading a book should not be a passive exercise, but rather a raucous conversation.
books  margins  culture  literature  outbasket  outbox  from delicious
february 2011 by Michael.Massing
Memory Training Might Not Be Best For Reducing "Senior Moments"
[A new evidence review suggests that] specific training regimes are not any better than simple conversations at improving memory in older adults.
Some studies show that healthy older adults, and those with mild cognitive impairment, do remember words better after some memory training. However, seniors with memory training do not improve their memory any more than do seniors who participate in a discussion about art, for instance, instead of drilling with a list of words....
Other researchers are exploring another type of training to keep the brain fit: physical activity, from aerobics to balance exercises. For instance, in small studies led by Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Ph.D., of the University of British Columbia, resistance training for older women was associated with improved mental focus. "This has important clinical implications because cognitive impairment is a major health problem that currently lacks a clearly effective pharmaceutical therapy," Liu-Ambrose said.
brain  cognition  training  research  conversation  social  interaction  exercise  self  care  Alzheimer's  dementia  literature  review  in  vivo  human  benefit  comparison  protection  prevention  games  mitigation  amelioration  treatment  physical  resistance  neuroprotection  hatmandu  earnest  activity  clinical  trial  from delicious
january 2011 by Michael.Massing
Dissent Magazine - Arguing The World - Are English Departments Killing the Humanities? -
[At a conference in Istanbul of philosophers and theologians from North America and Turkey, a riich portrait (among many} emerged] of first-century Alexandria, where the Neoplatonism of the Jewish philosopher Philo directly influenced the early Christians Clement and Origen, [and laid] the foundations of Islamic philosophy through al-Kindi and al-Farabi. [This kind of influence is obscured] by a focus on “Western Civilization” that favors Athens and Rome to Alexandria and treats Origen only as a precursor to [St. Augustine,] supposed inventor of an exclusively Christian syncretism between philosophy and theology. <br />
[The world is everywhere richly textured] in a complex interweaving that defies the narrow confines of vernacular or hemispheric bounds. Our task as humanists of the twenty-first century is to make those long and deep traditions visible, and to do so in the teeth of those forces that would strip them away, be those forces technological, commercial, political, or intellectual.
humanities  philosophy  literature  critical  theory  academic  standards  academia  canon  history  books  ideas  writing  from delicious
january 2011 by Michael.Massing
Shakespeare's "small Latin, less Greek"
'The cumulative evidence of Shakespeare's plays is that he read widely and deeply....
'At grammar school he would have learned to read Latin, and his familiarity with the drama of Plautus in his early Comedy of Errors shows that he could read Latin when he wanted to. There is no evidence to suggest that he could read Greek.
'He may have known French and Italian. There are extensive passages of respectable French in Henry V (though of course someone else could have written these scenes), and there is no known English translation of Cinthio's Hecatomithi, the source of Othello (though there was a French translation)....
'Whatever his ability to read other languages...Shakespeare preferred to read in English if there was a translation. Thus, late in his career, he read one of his favourite authors, Ovid, in translation, even though he must have read him in the original at school. ([O]ne of the most famous passages in The Tempest follows Golding's translation rather than the Latin.)
Shakespeare  reading  education  language  history  literature 
june 2010 by Michael.Massing
Hemingway's Libidinous Feast - Magazine - The Atlantic
[The] concept of matching coiffure appears to Hemingway to have been almost unbearably exciting:

'“If you don’t think about it maybe it will grow faster. I’m so glad you remembered to start it so early.”
'We looked at each other and laughed and then she said one of the secret things …
'“How long will it take?”
'“Maybe four months to be just the same.”
'“Really?”
'“Really.”
'"Four months more?”
'“I think so.”
'We sat and she said something secret and I said something secret back.'

Gosh. And this...is merely an amuse-bouche for the main course of another unfinished Hemingway effort, “The Garden of Eden,” at the end of which it seems that hair must be discarded altogether, and shaved heads become the sexual totem. Not even Adam and Eve went so far in their admission of guilt and nakedness, but perhaps a man whose mother once dressed him as a girl and trimmed his crop to suit, and crooned to him as “Ernestine,” had some old scores to settle in the androgyny column.
Ernest  Hemingway  books  biography  anecdotes  literature  Paris  gender  fetish  paraphilia  parenting  child  development  abuse  Gertrude  Stein  gay  queer  history  machismo  F.  Scott  Fitzgerald  memoir  US  American  writers  authors  JF  youth  androgyny  sexuality 
may 2010 by Michael.Massing

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