Marcellus + rome   188

** "HISTORY IN 3D" - ANCIENT ROME 320 AD - 3rd trailer "Walking around Colosseum" - YouTube
10 minute fly-through of the area around the Roman Colosseum, with labels. Forum, Arch of Constantine, Colosseum, baths of Titus and Trajan, Temple of Claudius.
CG  VR  ancient  Rome  history  architecture  videos  flythrough  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
3 days ago by Marcellus
Villa de Diomède, Pompéi : la fabrique d’une villa romaine | PSL Explore
Video: fly-through with recreation of the villa from sketches and archaeological finds.
ancient  Rome  pompeii  architecture  archaeology  writing  ideas  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA  videos  3D  CG 
5 days ago by Marcellus
Visiting the Vatican at Night – An American in Rome
€27 for Friday nights. Limited to 8,000 vs 35,000 during day.
grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA  Rome  italy  Vacation  vacations  vatican  ideas 
25 days ago by Marcellus
Scientists beleive they can now reproduce Ancient Roman concrete
Either way, she believes the ancient concrete would last at least twice as long as our modern concrete.
ancient  Rome  history  history_of_Rome  architecture  engineering  grade_A 
4 weeks ago by Marcellus
Where have ancient Rome's buildings gone? - Wanted in Rome
Another agent of disappearance is “damnatio memoriae”, whereby a new emperor sought to cancel all reference to a perfidious predecessor. Domitian’s horse in the Forum and Caracalla’s cruel erasures of his murdered brother, Gaeta, are examples. (Marcus Aurelius’ statue survived after early Christian emperors mistook it for Constantine’s.)
ancient  Rome  history  History_of_now  grade_A  architecture  grade_AA 
5 weeks ago by Marcellus
Zuma Rooftop Bar in Rome – An American in Rome
Zuma Rooftop Bar in Rome with views towards Spanish Steps

Zuma Rome
Via della Fontanella di Borghese, 48
Rome, Italy (Centro Storico – Spanish Steps)

Restaurant phone: +39 06 9926 6622

No reservations accepted for the bar. The entrance is on the left side of the building if you are standing and looking at the Fendi store. You do not need to enter the store to go up to the bar.

Open every day from 6 pm to 1 am (and until 2 am on Friday and Saturday)
Rome  Travel  ideas  Vacation  vacations  Food  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
5 weeks ago by Marcellus
Secrets of the Colosseum | History | Smithsonian
During the intermezzos between hunts, spectators were treated to a range of sensory delights.

Handsome stewards passed through the crowd carrying trays of cakes, pastries, dates and other sweetmeats, and generous cups of wine. Snacks also fell from the sky as abundantly as hail, one observer noted, along with wooden balls containing tokens for prizes—food, money or even the title to an apartment—which sometimes set off violent scuffles among spectators struggling to grab them.

On hot days, the audience might enjoy sparsiones (“sprinklings”), mist scented with balsam or saffron, or the shade of the vela, an enormous cloth awning drawn over the Colosseum roof by sailors from the Roman naval headquarters at Misenum, near Naples.
Rome  History_of_now  history  architecture  ancient  grade_A  grade_AA 
6 weeks ago by Marcellus
Roman Empire – KitBash3d
3D computer models of ancient Roman buildings, e.g. Colosseum, theater of Pompey, Circus Maximus, Curia, temple of Vesta, temple of Castor and Pollux, basilica Aemelia, basilica Julia, several arches, etc.
ancient  Rome  software  3dprinting  3D  architecture 
8 weeks ago by Marcellus
Ancient DNA from Roman and medieval grape seeds reveal ancestry of wine making | EurekAlert! Science News
Of the Roman seeds, the researchers could not find an identical genetic match with modern-day seeds, but they did find a very close relationships with two important grape families used to produce high quality wine.

These include the Syrah-Mondeuse Blanche family - Syrah is one of the most planted grapes in the world today - and the Mondeuse Blanche, which produces a high quality AOC (protected regional product) wine in Savoy, as well as the Pinot-Savagnin family - Pinot Noir being the "king of wine grapes".
wine  ancient  Rome  Food  drinks  DNA  genetics  horticulture  farming  grade_A 
9 weeks ago by Marcellus
Why You Need Restaurant Reservations in Rome (and How to Get One) - An American in Rome
When to Book a Table

 You should book your tables in Rome at least a week in advance. So, yes, the front desk at your hotel may be able to help but it might also be too late to get the really good spots if you are making your reservations after already arriving in Italy.

If a restaurant is particularly well known, like Armando al Pantheon, Roscioli or Da Cesare, you also want to book at least two weeks in advance to be safe – especially for dinner or Sunday lunch.
Travel  Rome  restaurants  Food  Vacation  vacations  grade_A  grade_AA 
12 weeks ago by Marcellus
Rome - Jean-Claude Golvin
Superb, realistic drawings of ancient Roman monuments, art work, cities, etc.
ancient  Rome  art  architecture  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
may 2019 by Marcellus
A Spin through Augustan Rome - Archaeology Magazine
Augustus "found Rome a city of brick, left it a city of marble." CG representation of upgrades from brick to marble during his regime (that we know of). The brag looks a bit overstated, but of course evidence is limited.
ancient  Rome  architecture  archaeology  Augustus 
january 2019 by Marcellus
"HISTORY IN 3D" - ANCIENT ROME 320 AD - 3rd trailer "Walking around Colosseum" - YouTube
Excellent CG recreation of ancient room, fly-through of Forum Romanum, Colosseum (and interior), and surrounding areas, e.g. baths of Titus and Trajan, Vicus Fabricius, temple of the divine Claudius, etc.
videos  ancient  Rome  CG  VR  architecture  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
january 2019 by Marcellus
The Pigna and the Apollo Belvedere: Two Treasures of the Vatican – The Daily Beagle
During the 18th and 19th centuries, the sculpture became one of the world’s most celebrated sculptures. It was hailed by Johann Joachim Winckelmann as the best example of the perfection of the Greek aesthetic ideal. As a result, during his Italy campaign in 1796, Napoleon Bonaparte looted it and from 1798 onward it formed part of the collection in the Louvre during the First Empire. When Napoleon fell in 1815 the Apollo was repatriated to the Vatican. The Romantic Movement was harsh to the sculpture with William Hazlitt describing it as “positively bad”, John Ruskin also wrote of his disappointment with the sculpture. In 1969 a kind of epitaph was provided by noted art historian Kenneth Clark (1903–1983):
History_of_now  ancient  Rome  Greece  vatican  art  paganism  grade_A 
december 2018 by Marcellus
Mausoleo di Santa Costanza - Capitolivm
Mausoleo di Santa Costanza
Capitolivm17 luglio 2015
Il Mausoleo di Costantina, meglio conosciuto come Mausoleo di Santa Costanza, è un capolavoro dell’architettura tardo-antica, situato a Roma presso l’area monumentale di Sant’Agnese fuori le mura, sull’odierna via Nomentana.
La sua costruzione, avvenuta molto probabilmente tra il 340 e il 345, fu voluta da Costantina, figlia dell’imperatore Costantino I, come proprio sepolcro monumentale, trovando la sua collocazione accanto la basilica costantiniana, nei pressi della catacomba che ospitava le spoglie di Sant’Agnese, della quale Costantina era devota. L’edificio fu chiamato “di Santa Costanza” nel periodo in cui si crearono molte confusioni riguardo alla venerazione di Costantina come santa.
Opera di straordinaria bellezza, grazie ai suoi meravigliosi mosaici e alla fantasia architettonica, il Mausoleo costituisce uno dei primi esempi di come gli edifici di epoca paleocristiana continuarono ad utilizzare i temi architettonici pagani, come la basilica costantiniana al cui fianco sinistro era connesso.
Esso è costituito da una pianta centrale, coperta da una cupola di 22,50 m di diametro, circondata da un deambulatorio coperto da una volta a botte; 12 coppie di colonne con capitello composito, disposte ad anello, separano i due spazi e 12 grandi aperture a finestra illuminano il corpo centrale. All’esterno del deambulatorio correva un altro anello, oggi non più visibile. La spessa parete esterna è scandita da nicchie verso il deambulatorio, una delle quali ospitava il raffinato sarcofago in porfido rosso di Costantina, decorato con motivi cristiani, oggi conservato ai Musei Vaticani. Molti studiosi affermano che probabilmente nel mausoleo fu sepolta anche l’altra figlia di Costantino, Elena.
Quando il mausoleo fu trasformato in battistero, all’esterno fu realizzato un corto atrio, costituito da absidi sui due lati, che precede la chiesa vera e propria. All’interno sono ancora visibili i basamenti di un fonte battesimale. Le pareti del tamburo erano decorate con tarsie di marmi preziosi delle quali abbiamo alcune testimonianze in illustrazioni del XVI secolo. Nel 1254, per ordine di papa Alessandro IV, divenne ufficialmente chiesa. Nei secoli, soprattutto nel Rinascimento, fu oggetto di grande attenzione e studio da parte di moltissimi architetti, anche grazie ai suoi pregevoli elementi decorativi e al suo stato di conservazione, anche se per molto tempo l’edificio fu erroneamente identificato come tempio di Bacco a causa delle scene di vendemmia presenti nei mosaici.
I mosaici di Santa Costanza, i più antichi mosaici monumentali cristiani sopravvissuti a Roma, sono uno straordinario esempio dell’eredità artistica tardo romana da cui nacque l’arte paleocristiana, che rappresentano la fase di transizione. Essi presentano motivi geometrici e scene naturalistiche, come frutti, pavoni, colombe e scene di vendemmia che portarono all’errata attribuzione a Bacco, oltre a mosaici di tipo “emblemata” con figure femminili tra le quali probabilmente la stessa Costantina. I mosaici che in origine ricoprivano la cupola andarono perduti definitivamente intorno al 1620 a causa del pessimo stato di conservazione. Di essi resta una sola testimonianza in un disegno del miniaturista portoghese Francisco de Hollanda. Vi troviamo inoltre mosaici a tema iconografico tipico dell’arte paleocristiana, quali le scene di Traditio legis e Traditio clavium. Oggi il complesso monumentale è visitabile e raggiungibile con la metropolitana dalla fermata Sant’Agnese-Annibaliano.
©CapitolivmSj
Sent  from  my  iPhone  vacations  Italy  ideas  Rome  2018  from iphone
august 2018 by Marcellus
(90) A Day in Pompeii - Full-length animation - YouTube
Video from the Pompeii exhibit, showing the time lapse eruption of Vesuvius as viewed from Pompeii.
videos  pompeii  ancient  roman  Rome  archaeology  grade_A  grade_AA 
august 2018 by Marcellus
(81) Spectacular Sun Halo Vemdalen, Sweden. December 1, 2017 - YouTube
This is what Constantine may have seen at the Milvian bridge meteorological phenomenon
ancient  Rome  videos  Constantine 
august 2018 by Marcellus
Best Gelato in Rome - An American in Rome
Write-up includes reviews and interactive google map of locations.
Travel  Rome  italy  vacations  ideas  Food  grade_A  grade_AA 
august 2018 by Marcellus
Roman women much more independent than previously thought
"When they married, Roman women usually became part of the husband's familia, which in a legal sense put them in the role of their husband's daughter and meant they were subordinate to them as long as he lived."
New prenuptial agreements
However, something remarkable started happening in the first century BC: more and more, marriages were held with new prenuptial agreements. These new agreements meant that the wife stayed part of her father's familia.
If her father were to pass away, she would become an independent head of the family, separate from her husband. The result was that a Roman woman would become head of the family, while her husband did not have any decision-making rights and did not own any property because his father was still alive. It was a reversal of the gender roles, with big consequences. Van Galen's research shows that women started claiming more and more space for themselves.


Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2016-05-roman-women-independent-previously-thought.html#jCp
ancient  Rome  roman  history  classical_world  womens_rights  grade_A  grade_AA 
july 2018 by Marcellus
(105) "HISTORY IN 3D" - ANCIENT ROME 320 AD - 3rd trailer "Walking around Colosseum" - YouTube
10min. Perhaps the best fly-throughs of ancient Rome yet. Forum, Colosseum, baths of Trajan and Titus, temple of Claudius, etc.
ancient  Rome  classical_world  3D  graphics  videos  architecture  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA  history 
june 2018 by Marcellus
Clodius, King of the Streets of Rome - HeadStuff
Excellent synopsis of the history, political machinations, and feuds of Publius Claudius Pulcher.
ancient  Rome  classical_world  classics  history 
june 2018 by Marcellus
In Pompeii new electoral inscriptions re-emerge in the excavation works of the RegioV - Planet Pompeii
"Please elect Elvio Sabino as a aedile, worthy of the state, a good one". In Latin the text is "Helvium Sabinum aedilem d-ignum r-ei p-ublicae v-irum b-onum o-ro v-os f-aciatis".
ancient  Rome  history  classical_world  pompeii  language  latin 
june 2018 by Marcellus
Roman wall painting styles – Smarthistory
all vignettes, such as sacro-idyllic landscapes, which are bucolic scenes of the countryside featuring livestock, shepherds, temples,
ancient  Rome  history  art  painting  pompeii  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
june 2018 by Marcellus
Thirteen pan-tastic facts about Rome's Pantheon - The Local
12. Once a year, rose petals rain through the roof

The Pantheon celebrates Pentecost, the day the Holy Spirit descended on the Apostles, with a spectacular ritual in which firefighters pour a shower of rose petals through the oculus. The red symbolizes the blood that Jesus Christ shed to save humankind.

This year the ceremony takes place on Sunday, May 20th. It's free of charge and open to all, but places are limited so arrive early and be prepared to queue. Or you can just watch the live stream online.

13. Something very special happens on April 21st

If you're lucky enough to be inside the Pantheon on April 21st, around noon, look towards the entrance: you'll see the sunlight that enters through the oculus hitting the door dead on.

April 21st is the date of the founding of Rome and historians suspect that the Pantheon may have been designed to give the emperor some gloriously symbolic backlighting as he entered the temple to celebrate the anniversary.
ancient  Rome  architecture  Italy  grade_A  grade_AA 
may 2018 by Marcellus
Fault line below Rome set scene for success of city | University of Michigan News
The research was conducted as part of the broader Sant'Omobono Project, directed by Nicola Terrenato, a professor of classical studies at U-M, in collaboration with a team of geologists led by Fabrizio Marra at the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology in Rome and with the Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai beni culturali di Roma Capitale. The study was published in the journal PLOS One.
ancient  Rome  classical_world  geology  history  archaeology  geography  grade_A 
april 2018 by Marcellus
Visiting the Harbour of Trajan in Fiumicino | Port Mobility Civitavecchia
This imposing building was probably the district of representation for travelers of high rank, ambassadors and for the stay of the imperial family.
ancient  Rome  architecture  archaeology  italy  vacations  ideas  history  grade_A 
march 2018 by Marcellus
Florence weather: avg. temperature by month | When to go
During the month of May, the average highs are 24°C (75°F) to lows of 12°C (54°F) which marks the beginning of the warmer, and much busier, months of the city. This is one of the best times to explore the city’s Rose and Iris Gardens which should be in bloom during this period.
Italy  Rome  Vacation  vacations  ideas  Travel  grade_A 
march 2018 by Marcellus
(37) Rome Domus Aurea - YouTube
Domus Aurea outside
Altair4 Multimedia Archeo3D Production
33K views
videos  ancient  classical_world  Rome  VR  CG  3D  architecture  history  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA  archaeology 
january 2018 by Marcellus
9 Museums And Galleries In Rome Without The Crowds
The National Etruscan Museum of Villa Giulia lies just across Villa Borghese from the eponymous Galleria Borghese but attractions a fraction of its tourists.  This grand museum has an extensive collection of Etruscan artifacts and antiquities discovered in Lazio and Umbria, providing a fascinating glimpse into the history of the ancient civilization that proceeded the Romans. The most important work in the collection is a terracotta Sarcophagus of the Spouses from the 6th century BC that depicts a husband and wife reclining at a banquet in the afterlife, a truly evocative work that has survived through the millennia. Villa Giulia itself is one of the city’s most beautiful museums and is an excellent example of Mannerist architecture. Wander through the grounds to admire the incredible hemispherical painted loggia that looks onto a sunken nympheum, an ancient grotto devoted to water nymphs.
Rome  Travel  Vacation  ideas  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
january 2018 by Marcellus
* The History of Rome: Archives
Excellent podcast on the history of Rome. 179 episodes, each between 16-28 minutes long.
ancient  Rome  roman  classical_world  classics  history  podcast  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
january 2018 by Marcellus
*** REF Gebäudeliste - Digitales Forum Romanum
Roman Forum, 3D computer reconstruction from various periods. Comprehensive history on individual buildings.
ancient  Rome  roman  history  classical_world  classics  architecture  archaeology  CG  reference  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
january 2018 by Marcellus
*** REF Scale model of Rome - paper models, excellent info
Excellent paper model reconstruction of ancient Rome. Comprehensive and detailed.
ancient  roman  history  Rome  architecture  archaeology  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA  reference 
january 2018 by Marcellus
A Prayer for Archimedes | Science News
A long-lost text by the ancient Greek mathematician shows that he had begun to discover the principles of calculus.
classical_world  ancient  history  math  Greece  Greeks  Rome  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
december 2017 by Marcellus
What happened to the Great Library at Alexandria? (Article) - Ancient History Encyclopedia
In his book The Vanished Library, Luciano Canfora interprets the evidence from ancient writers to indicate the destruction of manuscripts stored in warehouses near the port waiting for export, rather than the great Library itself. The great scholar and stoic philosopher Strabo, was working in Alexandria in 20 BC and from his writings it is obvious that the Library was not at that time the world-renowned centre for learning it had been in previous centuries. In fact Strabo does not mention a library as such at all, though he does mention the Museum, which he describes as 'part of the royal palace'. He goes on to say that 'it comprises the covered walk, the exedra or portico, and a great hall in which the learned members of the Museum take their meals in common.'

If the great Library was attached to the Museum then Strabo obviously felt there was no need to mention it separately, and, perhaps more importantly, if he was there in 20 BCE, the Library had obviously not been burned down by Caesar twenty-eight years previously. The existence of the Library in 20 BCE, though in a much less complete form, means that we have to look to someone other than Caesar as the destroyer of Alexandria's ancient wonder.

In 391 CE, as part of his attempt to wipe out paganism, Emperor Theodosius I officially sanctioned the destruction of the Serapeum, or Temple of Serapis at Alexandria. The destruction of the Temple was carried out under Theophilus, Bishop of Alexandria, and afterwards a Christian church was built on the site. It has been hypothesised that the daughter library of the Museum, located close to the Temple, and the Royal Library were also razed to the ground at this time. However, whilst it is plausible that manuscripts from the Serapeum library may have been destroyed during this purge, there is no evidence that the Royal Library still existed at the end the 4th century. No ancient sources mention the destruction of any library at this time, though 18th century English historian Edward Gibbon mistakenly attributes it to bishop Theophilus.


THE VOLATILE CITY OF ALEXANDRIA
Attempting to identify one single devastating fire that destroyed the great Library and all of its holdings is a futile task. Alexandria was often a volatile city, especially during the Roman period, as witnessed by Caesar's burning of the ships, and also in the violent struggle between the occupying forces of Queen Zenobia of Palmyra and the Roman emperor Aurelian in 270-71 CE. Aurelian eventually recovered the city for Rome from Queen Zenobia's armies, but not before many parts of Alexandria had been devastated, and the Bruchion district, which contained the palace and the Library, were apparently 'made into a desert'.
The city was again sacked a few years later by Roman Emperor Diocletian. Such repeated destruction spread over several centuries, along with neglect of the Library's contents as people's opinions and affiliations changed, means that the 'catastrophe' that ended the ancient Library at Alexandria was gradual, taking place over a period of four or five hundred years.
The last recorded Director of the great Library was scholar and mathematician Theon (c. 335 - c. 405 CE), father of the female philosopher Hypatia, brutally murdered by a Christian mob in Alexandria in 415 CE. Perhaps one day, in the deserts of Egypt, scrolls that were once part of the great Library will be discovered. Many archaeologists believe that the buildings that once composed the legendary seat of learning at ancient Alexandria, if not buried under the modern metropolis, could still survive relatively intact somewhere in the north-eastern part of the city.

https://www.ancient.eu/article/207/what-happened-to-the-great-library-at-alexandria/
ancient  world  history  classical_world  rome  Greece  grade_A  grade_AA 
november 2017 by Marcellus
14 Things You Should Know About The Praetorian Guard
And while they did have their own military command structure with appropriate officers, induction into the elite unit automatically didn’t guarantee Roman citizenship. Quite incredibly, they were employed as infantry during their guarding duties (alongside the Praetorians), but they mostly took the role of heavy cavalrymen in battle scenarios. And it has been suggested that the Roman preference for German guards was possibly influenced by their imposing stature and gnarly beards that could have frightened potential assassins.
ancient  Rome  history  classical_world  Military 
september 2017 by Marcellus
How to discover Florence, Italy without the crowds – Girl in Florence
I’ve been to Rome countless times, and I’m going back this September for a week (yay) with my husband and alone. I can’t wait to walk along the Roman Forum after dinner, seeing the artfully-placed light fixtures dance among the ancient ruins. I can’t wait to discover new places and take cheesy photos of Neptune’s fountain, as you do. I get excited peering up the Pantheon’s oculus which dates back to 27 BC, before meeting friends for a cheeky aperitivo during the golden hour.
florence  Rome  italy  Vacation  research  ideas  Travel  grade_A 
august 2017 by Marcellus
Kiwi Hellenist: Salt and salary: were Roman soldiers paid in salt?
No. And all of the citations that say Roman soldiers were paid in salt instead of coins are wrong.
history  ancient  Rome  linguistics  language  latin  etymology 
july 2017 by Marcellus
How the Ancient Romans Made Better Concrete Than We Do Now
Most modern concretes are bound by limestone-based Portland cement. Manufacturing Portland cement requires heating a mix of limestone and clay to 1,450 degrees Celsius (2,642 degrees Fahrenheit), a process that releases enough carbon – given the 19 billion tons of Portland cement used annually – to account for about seven-percent of the total amount of carbon emitted into the atmosphere each year.
ancient  Rome  roman  architecture  technology 
july 2017 by Marcellus
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