4098
** "HISTORY IN 3D" - ANCIENT ROME 320 AD - 3rd trailer "Walking around Colosseum" - YouTube
10 minute fly-through of the area around the Roman Colosseum, with labels. Forum, Arch of Constantine, Colosseum, baths of Titus and Trajan, Temple of Claudius.
CG  VR  ancient  Rome  history  architecture  videos  flythrough  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
2 days ago
Bernie Healthcare Calculator
Here's a calculator to check for yourself.

The vast majority of families will save money. And most employers will save even more.

The break even point (for up front out of pocket costs) for 2 adults is around a combined income of $190,000, when insurance is $6,000/year.

Even then, if you use the insurance you'll also save the cost of your deductible, since Medicare For All doesn't have them. If your deductible is $1,318 (the default example), you'd save that amount also.

A 2 person family making $50k/year with a $6k insurance plan would save $3,846 up front. Add the savings on the deductible and the savings would be $5,164. The employer would save $7,602.

https://valadian.github.io/SandersHealthcareCalculator/
Bernie_Sanders  MedicareForAll  calculator  infographics  interactive  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA  healthcare 
3 days ago
Villa de Diomède, Pompéi : la fabrique d’une villa romaine | PSL Explore
Video: fly-through with recreation of the villa from sketches and archaeological finds.
ancient  Rome  pompeii  architecture  archaeology  writing  ideas  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA  videos  3D  CG 
4 days ago
The Federalist Papers - Congress.gov Resources - Congress.gov Resources
Concerning the Militia
From the Daily Advertiser.
Thursday, January 10, 1788
Author: Alexander Hamilton
To the People of the State of New York:
THE power of regulating the militia, and of commanding its services in times of insurrection and invasion are natural incidents to the duties of superintending the common defense, and of watching over the internal peace of the Confederacy.
It requires no skill in the science of war to discern that uniformity in the organization and discipline of the militia would be attended with the most beneficial effects, whenever they were called into service for the public defense. It would enable them to discharge the duties of the camp and of the field with mutual intelligence and concert an advantage of peculiar moment in the operations of an army; and it would fit them much sooner to acquire the degree of proficiency in military functions which would be essential to their usefulness. This desirable uniformity can only be accomplished by confiding the regulation of the militia to the direction of the national authority. It is, therefore, with the most evident propriety, that the plan of the convention proposes to empower the Union "to provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the United States, RESERVING TO THE STATES RESPECTIVELY THE APPOINTMENT OF THE OFFICERS, AND THE AUTHORITY OF TRAINING THE MILITIA ACCORDING TO THE DISCIPLINE PRESCRIBED BY CONGRESS."
guns  NRA  2nd_Amendment  Federalist_Papers  Constitution  federal  AlexanderHamilton  grade_A 
11 days ago
What America’s gun fanatics won’t tell you - MarketWatch
Alexander Hamilton said a “well-regulated militia” would help safeguard the freedom of the new republic because it would make the creation of a professional, mercenary army “unnecessary.”

What did the Founding Fathers mean by that? We don’t have to guess because they told us. In Federalist No. 29 of the Federalist Papers, Alexander Hamilton explained at great length precisely what a “well-regulated militia” was, why the Founding Fathers thought we needed one, and why they wanted to protect it from being disarmed by the federal government.

https://www.congress.gov/resources/display/content/The+Federalist+Papers#TheFederalistPapers-29

A “well-regulated militia” didn’t mean guys who read Soldier of Fortune magazine running around in the woods with AK-47s and warpaint on their faces. It basically meant what today we call the National Guard.

It should be a properly constituted, ordered and drilled (“well-regulated”) military force, organized state by state, explained Hamilton. Each state militia should be a “select corps,” “well-trained” and able to perform all the “operations of an army.” The militia needed “uniformity in … organization and discipline,” wrote Hamilton, so that it could operate like a proper army “in camp and field,” and so that it could gain the “essential … degree of proficiency in military functions.” And although it was organized state by state, it needed to be under the explicit control of the national government. The “well-regulated militia” was under the command of the president. It was “the military arm” of the government.
NRA  gun_control  2nd_Amendment  grade_A 
11 days ago
Have an (artificial) heart -- OHSU's artificial heart
OHSU took on the technology's development again in August 2017 after OregonHeart ceased operations. OHSU plans to implant the smaller version of the total artificial heart in sheep for short-term studies to understand its physiology, followed by three-month-long tests. If sheep fare well after being implanted with the device, OHSU plans to request federal permission to run clinical trials the device in people.
heart  heart_failure 
11 days ago
7 Things You Should Know About Artificial Hearts | SynCardia
The average time on support for a SynCardia TAH patient is approximately 130 days, but the TAH has supported patients for much longer periods of time. In fact, several patients have been supported for more than 4.5 years.

Thanks to the Freedom® Portable Driver, stable TAH patients who meet discharge criteria are able to leave the hospital and enjoy active lives at home with their loved ones while they wait for a matching donor heart to become available.
heart  heart_failure  grade_A 
11 days ago
How Cold Is The Arctic Ocean? - WorldAtlas.com
The waters of the Arctic Ocean can be divided into three subsections: Arctic Surface Water (0 to 656 feet); Atlantic Water (650 to 2,950 feet); and Arctic Deep Water (2,950 feet down to the sea floor). Average temperatures of the Arctic Surface Water range from 28.6 °F to 30.2 °F, the Atlantic Water has an average temperature of 37.4 °F, and Arctic Deep Water has a temperature range of between 30.6 °F to 35.6 °F.
arctic  sea_ice  global_warming 
11 days ago
Antarctic Sea Ice Reaches New Record Maximum | NASA
Editor’s note: Antarctica and the Arctic are two very different environments: the former is a continent surrounded by ocean, the latter is ocean enclosed by land. As a result, sea ice behaves very differently in the two regions. While the Antarctic sea ice yearly wintertime maximum extent hit record highs from 2012 to 2014 before returning to average levels in 2015, both the Arctic wintertime maximum and its summer minimum extent have been in a sharp decline for the past decades. Studies show that globally, the decreases in Arctic sea ice far exceed the increases in Antarctic sea ice.
arctic  antarctic  global_warming  2014  sea_ice  conspiracy  debunk  grade_A  videos 
11 days ago
NASA Releases Time-Lapse Of the Disappearing Arctic Polar Ice Cap - .
Video of older (thicker) arctic sea ice decrease substantially from 1984 to 2016.
animation  videos  sea_ice  arctic  global_warming  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
11 days ago
DMI data on Arctic temperatures: Hide the Increase?
Debunking of misrepresentation of Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI) data. This is for temperature, but similar global warming deniers have used DMI data to falsely assert that arctic sea ice is decreasing.

A recent WUWT article by Frank Lansner, August 5th 2010 has the heading “DMI polar data shows cooler Arctic temperature since 1958”. Peter Berenyi also posted a similar chart here on Skeptical Science. Frank Lansnser goes on to show data from GISS July polar views (where individual grid cells show large variability) and compares this with graphics of DMI data for July 2010 to cast doubt on the validity of the GISS gridded values in the polar regions. This follows on from similar points made by Steve Goddard, on WUWT and another article by Harold Ambler which tries to show how DMI is based on more data measurements than GISS, followed by questions and implications about the reliability of GISS gridded values in the Arctic region.
global_warming  arctic  sea_ice  debunk  fact_check  conspiracy 
11 days ago
What Explains U.S. Mass Shootings? International Comparisons Suggest an Answer - The New York Times
Rather, they found, in data that has since been repeatedly confirmed, that American crime is simply more lethal. A New Yorker is just as likely to be robbed as a Londoner, for instance, but the New Yorker is 54 times more likely to be killed in the process.

They concluded that the discrepancy, like so many other anomalies of American violence, came down to guns.

More gun ownership corresponds with more gun murders across virtually every axis: among developed countries, among American states, among American towns and cities and when controlling for crime rates. And gun control legislation tends to reduce gun murders, according to a recent analysis of 130 studies from 10 countries.

This suggests that the guns themselves cause the violence.
gun_control  gun_violence  America  USA  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA  TheNewYorkTimes  infographics 
11 days ago
Understanding the Arctic sea ice: Polar Portal
Graphs of 1) arctic sea ice extent from March peaks to September valleys, 1980-2015+
2) age of sea ice. Ice older than 4+ years has all but vanished. Older ice tends to be thicker.

As older, thicker ice is replaced by younger, thinner ice - the percentage of younger, thinner ice to older, thicker increases, which flattens seasonal changes in volume (especially in areas like 80N where ice still exists all year round).
arctic  sea_ice  global_warming  grade_A  grade_AA  graphics  infographics 
11 days ago
Which pole is colder? | NASA Climate Kids
The antarctic is between 36 and 50'F colder than the arctic.

Time of year Average (mean) temperature
North Pole South Pole
Summer 32° F (0° C) −18° F (−28.2° C)
Winter −40° F (−40° C) −76° F (−60° C)
arctic  antarctic  global_warming  environment  temperatures  sea_ice  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
12 days ago
** Polar Science Center » PIOMAS Arctic Sea Ice Volume Reanalysis
(Spiral of death chart, data source) Average Arctic sea ice volume in July 2019 was 8,800 km3. This value is the lowest on record about 300 km3 below the July record that was set in 2017 with ~9,100 km3 (note though that this is well within the uncertainty of the estimate!). Monthly ice volume was 62% below the maximum in 1979 and 47% below the mean value for 1979-2018.
climate_change  arctic  sea_ice  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
12 days ago
* Taxes in Sweden 2014, Tax Statistical Yearbook of Sweden
Wealth of information on Sweden's wealth & income distribution, living standards, int'l comparisons, GDP ($57,038 per cap), survey of opinions (how Swede's like their tax rates, etc.), etc.
Sweden  Scandinavia  Socialism  taxes  taxes_policy  taxes_rates  taxes_VAT  grade_A  grade_AA 
12 days ago
DMI Modelled ice thickness, volume
Animated map showing sea ice volume from August 2003 to 2019. A bit clunky.
global_warming  arctic  sea_ice  infographics  animation  grade_A  grade_AA 
13 days ago
** Arctic Sea Ice Volume/Thickness
Sea ice volume displayed in many different ways, including static and animated graphs.
global_warming  sea_ice  volume  animation  infographics  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
13 days ago
** UBI Center - Plan Explorer - interactive calculator
Interactive UBI calculator. Plug in your income range, household size, number of children, and any government benefits you receive and it will calculate your net change in come (UBI minus new taxes).
UniversalBasicIncome  infographics  interactive  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA  AndrewYang  election2020 
15 days ago
** Distributional analysis of Andrew Yang’s Freedom Dividend
blue bar graphs showing distribution of UBI to various deciles

Households in the bottom nine deciles see their disposable income rise about $10,000 on average, while households in the top decile lose an average of $8,000.
AndrewYang  UniversalBasicIncome  infographics  grade_AA  grade_AAA  grade_A 
15 days ago
(716) The One to Bet On - Andrew Yang for President - YouTube
1 minute commercial. Decent introduction to Yang.

Genuinely love Andrew Yang.

Sanders is my first choice overall (experience, consistency, highest approval ratings), but I've also been supporting Yang.

I'd love to see Yang break into top 2-4, if only to elevate the issues he's discussing: universal basic income, technology and automation, education and vocational training, and the way we measure success in government, i.e. the government focuses mainly on GDP, and should instead be doing more to examine and improve other measures of quality of life.

Yang would make an excellent running mate or cabinet pick.

Granted, Universal Basic Income (UBI) sounds a bit loopy, but it was once fairly mainstream. It had broad bipartisan support in the late 1960s and early 1970s (was often called Negative Income Tax). MLK, Nixon, Milton Friedman and 1,000+ economists all supported it. It even passed the House twice in 1972, only to be killed by senate Democrats who thought $1k/month (inflation adjusted) was too small an amount (sic). That (now defunct) movement is how Alaska got its oil dividend.

Yang is also an impressive policy wonk on a very wide range of other issues. But you'd have to read his book, or watch in-depth interviews (1+ hours) where they have enough time to get beyond the Freedom Dividend and automation before you'd find out.

A 1 minute intro:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0uAzVcm3hYE

An 8 minute interview on Real Time:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=3&v=_9say1jGFFQ

A more robust 30m WSJ interview with him:
https://youtu.be/FPP8doiIRZA?t=1

And for those interested in other topics, here's a list of popular interviews with time annotations of different subjects, for handy reference (just scroll down a bit - the top of the page is a little confusing).

https://www.reddit.com/r/YangForPresidentHQ/comments/bii7di/ive_timestamped_andrew_yangs_entire_joe_rogan/

And an in-depth write-up on UBI, for anyone who is interested.
https://medium.com/basic-income/there-is-no-policy-proposal-more-progressive-than-andrew-yangs-freedom-dividend-72d3850a6245
AndrewYang  videos  election2020  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
17 days ago
(712) Andrew Yang Post-Debate Interview With CNN, makes Anderson Cooper Speechless!! - YouTube
2019-07-31 Post second debate interview with Andrew Yang.

The second half of the interview is **exceptionally good**, and a must watch/share for any #Yang2020 supporters.

AC gushed and praised #AndrewYang 's intelligence; Axelrod and Gov. Granholm were transfixed on automation, and Van Jones even hugged Yang.

The first 1/3 of the interview is pretty standard, and I almost skipped it. Glad I didn't.

It was like a panel of teachers, bored and tired after a day of judging grade school science projects, discovered they were speaking to a real scientist who actually knows how things work
AndrewYang  interview  CNN  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA  videos 
17 days ago
Ex-McConnell staffers lobbied on Russian-backed Kentucky project - POLITICO
Two former top staffers to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell have lobbied Congress and the Treasury Department on the development of a new Kentucky aluminum mill backed by the Russian aluminum giant Rusal, according to a new lobbying disclosure.

The disclosure comes as Democrats are pushing the Trump administration to review Rusal's $200 million investment in the Kentucky project — concerned that the mill will supply the Defense Department — and as McConnell weathers criticism for helping block a congressional effort to stop the investment.
Russia  Mitch_McConnell  corruption 
17 days ago
'Medicare For All': Will The Middle Class Pay More? : NPR ~4% tax
When Sanders released his latest Medicare for All bill, he released a document called "options to finance Medicare for All" — a list of ways to potentially pay for parts of the bill.

One potential tax Sanders listed that has been particularly controversial is a 4% "income-based premium" that households making more than $29,000 per year would pay. He also calls for taxes on employers and greater taxes on high-income households.

Sanders argues that while, yes, his plan may end up taxing middle-class households more, the fact that they would no longer be paying premiums and copays would more than make up for whatever they might end up paying in taxes.

If that 4% tax were imposed, it is indeed possible that some families could end up paying less. But that depends, for example, on the family and how much they spend on health care now.
healthcare  health_insurance  healthcare_price_gauging  grade_A  grade_AA  Bernie_Sanders  election2020 
18 days ago
How Much Does Health Insurance Cost Without a Subsidy?
Average premiums and deductibles nationwide for unsubsidized shoppers:

Premiums for individual coverage averaged $440 per month while premiums for family plans averaged $1,168 per month. The graphs below demonstrate the rise in both individual and family premiums since the Affordable Care Act’s inception.
   
The average annual deductible for individual plans was $4,578 and the average deductible for family plans was $8,803. The graphs below demonstrate the rise in both family and individual deductibles since the Affordable Care Act’s inception.
healthcare  health_insurance  healthcare_price_gauging  grade_A  grade_AA  election2020 
18 days ago
John Delaney’s debate claim that ‘Medicare for All’ will shutter hospitals is unsubstantiated | PolitiFact Health Check
Medicare vs. Medicare for All

Delaney's claim also misses another point. The Medicare for All bill sponsored by fellow Democratic candidate Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) doesn't actually say hospitals would be paid at Medicare rates.

Politically, Anderson argued, the odds are "quite low" that the government would decide to pay all hospitals the current Medicare rates for all services, though it would set a lower price than what many private plans now pay.

The evidence for his claim is also lacking. Medicare does pay less than private plans, but it is not at all clear that under Medicare for All every hospital would be paid the Medicare rate. It is also not clear that hospitals would be affected the same way. Some might close their doors, but some might see their margins improve.

This statement is not accurate, and lacks evidence to support it. We rate it False.

-----------------
Hospitals that treat a large number of uninsured patients — people who arguably would gain coverage under a Medicare for All approach — would probably increase their revenue under the new system because they would no longer face the financial pressure of uncompensated care. But hospitals that treat many privately insured patients, for whom insurance rates are often negotiated in a favorable manner, would see their revenues decline.

Economists are quick to point out that the latter scenario isn’t necessarily bad.
fact_check  Medicare  MedicareForAll  hospitals  Delaney  Bernie_Sanders  election2020  debate  grade_A  grade_AA 
18 days ago
RAND Study: Hospitals Charging The Privately Insured 2.4 Times What They Charge Medicare Patients
Debunking the 'cost-shifting' myth -
Private prices go down when Medicare rates go down: not the sort of thing that would happen if cost-shifting is real. What’s actually happening is something much simpler: monopoly exploitation.
healthcare  health_insurance  healthcare_price_gauging  Medicare  MedicareForAll  Forbes  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA  fact_check  Delaney  2019  election2020 
18 days ago
Younger Patients More Likely to Live a Decade or Longer After Heart Transplant - 02/27/2012
Kilic and his colleagues used information collected by the United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS) and compared the 9,404 heart transplant recipients who survived for 10 or more years with the 10,373 who did not. Some 3,000 were lost to follow-up.

The researchers found that patients 55 and younger had a 24 percent greater chance of 10-year survival than older patients; those treated at hospitals performing nine or more heart transplants a year had a 31 percent greater chance of 10-year survival than those at lower volume centers; and white patients were 35 percent more likely to survive a decade than minority patients.

Kilic says that nearly half of heart transplant recipients in the study were over 55 and there is debate over how old is too old to undergo the surgery. "After the age of 55, we see the biggest difference in long-term survival," he says. "The chance of surviving for 10 years drops precipitously."
heart_failure  heart_transplant 
19 days ago
Google rewards reputable reporting, not left-wing politics - Seek and you shall find
Our study does not prove Google is impartial. In theory, Google could serve un-biased links only to users without a browsing history. If fact-checkers and Pulitzer voters are partisan, our model will be too.
Moreover, some keywords did suggest bias—in both directions. Just as pj Media charged, the New York Times was over-represented on searches for "Trump". However, searches for "crime" leaned right: Fox News got far more links than expected.
This implies that Google's main form of favouritism is to boost viral articles. The most incendiary stories about Mr Trump come from leftist sources. Gory crime coverage is more prevalent on right-leaning sites. Readers will keep clicking on both. ◼
MSM  TheEconomist  bias  Google  news  media  conservative  liberal  grade_A  infographics  political 
19 days ago
Mirror, Mirror on the Wall: How the Performance of the U.S. Health Care System Compares Internationally, 2010 Update | Commonwealth Fund
Summary and Implications

The U.S. ranks last of seven nations overall. Findings in this report confirm many of those in the earlier three editions of Mirror, Mirror. As in the earlier editions, the U.S. ranks last on indicators of patient safety, efficiency, and equity. Australia and the U.K. continue to demonstrate superior performance. The Netherlands, which was included for the first time in this edition, ranked first overall. In the subcategories, the U.S. ranks first on preventive care, and is strong on waiting times for specialist care and nonemergency surgical care, but weak on access to needed services and ability to obtain prompt attention from primary care physicians.
grade_AA  grade_A  healthcare  health_wait_times  ranking 
19 days ago
How does the quality of the U.S. healthcare system compare to other countries? - Peterson-Kaiser Health System Tracker
Medicare isn't centralized health care, it's single payer. The hospitals, doctors, etc. are all private.

The US healthcare system is below average to worst on most major measurements of quality.

Overall, wait times in the US are near the bottom (the longest) among western European nations.

And of course, US wait times only apply to people who have insurance and can afford the co-pays and deductibles.

(about half of Americans skip doctors appointments or prescriptions at least once a year due to cost, and 60% can't afford even a $500 emergency).

The wait time for a specialist or surgery when you can't afford them is **UNTIL DEATH**.

--------------------------------------------
The US healthcare system is below average to worst on most major measurements of quality:
--------------------------------------------

US has the worst overall access and quality [2]:

The US has:
* the highest (worst) overall mortality rates.
* highest (worst) rates of preventable deaths
* highest (worst) disease burden of preventable diseases
* higher than average hospital admissions for preventable diseases (heart failure, asthma, diabetes, hypertension)
* highest (worst) rates of errors: medical errors, medication errors, lab errors or delays;
* Americans over-utilize the emergency room in place of regular doctor visits (due to lack of access)

* below average (worse) mortality rates for circulatory system problems, respiratory disease, endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases

[1] The 'scary wait times' myth is mostly healthcare industry propaganda. It relies on 1) cherry-picked examples (X procedure in Y country that seems unreasonably long); 2) wait times in the US are mostly unknown, so can't easily be compared. When there are comparisons, it's usually from a limited survey by a private study.

Wait times in the US, when known, tend to vary dramatically by region, state, and hospital.

[1] The Health Care Waiting Game
https://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/06/sunday-review/long-waits-for-doctors-appointments-have-become-the-norm.html?mcubz=1&_r=0

[2] How does the quality of the U.S. healthcare system compare to other countries?
https://www.healthsystemtracker.org/chart-collection/quality-u-s-healthcare-system-compare-countries/#item-percent-of-adults-who-made-a-same-day-or-next-day-appointment-when-needed-care-2016_updated
grade_AAA  grade_AA  grade_A  healthcare  health_insurance  USA  Canada  Germany  UK  France  OECD  Post_Summary 
19 days ago
How does the quality of the U.S. healthcare system compare to other countries? - Peterson-Kaiser Health System Tracker
Comparisons: US has worse wait times, higher mortality rates, most preventable deaths, highest rates of errors (medical, medication, lab errors or delays), slower access to doctors, over-utilize the emergency rooms in place of doctors visits,
grade_AAA  grade_AA  grade_A  healthcare  health_wait_times  USA  Germany  France  Canada 
19 days ago
Naples - Wikipedia
First settled by Greeks in the second millennium BC, Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited urban areas in the world.[6] In the ninth century BC, a colony known as Parthenope or Παρθενόπη was established on the Island of Megaride,[7] later refounded as Neápolis in the sixth century BC.[8] The city was an important part of Magna Graecia, played a major role in the merging of Greek and Roman society and a significant cultural centre under the Romans.[9] It served as the capital of the Duchy of Naples (661–1139), then of the Kingdom of Naples (1282–1816) and finally of the Two Sicilies until the unification of Italy in 1861. Naples is also considered a capital of the Baroque since the arrival of Caravaggio in the 17th century, and due to the artistic revolution his arrival occasioned.[10]
History_of_now  Italian  Naples  Greece  ancient  grade_A 
20 days ago
The soaring cost of insulin | CBC Radio
The rising cost of insulin is the single biggest reason why the average annual cost per patient to manage their diabetes went from $12,500 in 2012 to $18,500 in 2016. There are lots of U.S. media reports of people paying $400 per month and more.
insulin  diabetes  healthcare  pharmaceuticals  prescription_drugs  health_insurance  healthcare_price_gauging  grade_A 
21 days ago
San Francisco Is Paying For Jamal Trulove’s Wrongful Conviction. Will Kamala Harris? - The Appeal
Police and prosecutors framed a father of four in a 2007 murder case with local and national political implications.
Kamala_Harris  election2020  grade_A  Law  prosecutors  DAs 
23 days ago
Heron of Alexandria (c. 10–85 AD); an experimental scientist and inventor of steam turbines, wind powered machines & automatic vending machines – Novo Scriptorium
In Heron’s numerous surviving writings are designs for automata—machines operated by mechanical or pneumatic means. These included devices for temples to instill faith by deceiving believers with “magical acts of the gods,” for theatrical spectacles, and machines like a statue that poured wine. Among his inventions were:

♦ A windwheel operating a pipe organ—the first instance of wind powering a machine.

♦ The first automatic vending machine. When a coin was introduced through a slot on the top of the machine, a set amount of holy water was dispensed. When the coin was deposited, it fell upon a pan attached to a lever. The lever opened up a valve which let some water flow out. The pan continued to tilt with the weight of the coin until the coin fell off, at which point a counter-weight would snap the lever back up and turn off the valve.



♦ Mechanisms for the Greek theater, including an entirely mechanical puppet play almost ten minutes in length, powered by a binary-like system of ropes, knots, and simple machines operated by a rotating cylindrical cogwheel. The sound of thunder was produced by the mechanically-timed dropping of metal balls onto a hidden drum.

(Source: http://www.historyofinformation.com/expanded.php?id=16)
History_of_now  history  classical_world  ancient  Greece  technology  grade_A 
24 days ago
Visiting the Vatican at Night – An American in Rome
€27 for Friday nights. Limited to 8,000 vs 35,000 during day.
grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA  Rome  italy  Vacation  vacations  vatican  ideas 
24 days ago
*** The Apollo 11 Moon Landing in Augmented Reality - The New York Times
BEST visuals: 3D recreation of moon, 3D models of lander, moon, and animated astronauts. Pictures superimposed on models to give better spacial awareness (location, scale, etc.) of everything. Transcripts of relevant conversations, etc.
grade_AAA  grade_AA  grade_A  VR  AR  graphics  computers  NASA  apollo  TheNewYorkTimes  Space  moon 
24 days ago
Health Costs: How the U.S. Compares With Other Countries | PBS NewsHour
How much is good health care worth to you? $8,233 per year? That's how much the U.S. spends per person. Worth it?

That figure is more than two-and-a-half times more than most developed nations in the world, including relatively rich European countries like France, Sweden and the United Kingdom. On a more global scale, it means U.S. health care costs now eat up 17.6 percent of GDP.
healthcare  health  health_insurance  US  USA  OECD  grade_A  grade_AA  infographics 
24 days ago
Why The US Has Better Cancer Survival Rates Than The Rest Of The World
Treatments that cost $200,000 per year are used to extend average life expectancy by 3–4 months in stage 4 cancers. Of course it's worth it for the minority of patients who are put into long term remission. But it doesn't help the others.

---------------
So with all of that said, yes, America has among the best cancer survival statistics because of an incredible abundance of high technology equipment and drugs, more extensive screening, and more aggressive treatment.

America also in general has better survival statistics when cancers are compared stage for stage. Of course there are exceptions. Japan survival statistics for stomach cancer are much better than American numbers.

Very expensive cancer treatments such as the new immunotherapies for cancer are more widely available in America than in countries with national healthcare where there are restrictions based on cost/benefit and budget caps.

The larger question is whether a society can afford to spend what America spends to get low single digit improvement in cure rates and and to prolong survival by a few months especially at the end of life.

Treatments that cost $200,000 per year are used to extend average life expectancy by 3–4 months in stage 4 cancers. Of course it's worth it for the minority of patients who are put into long term remission. But it doesn't help the others.
grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA  healthcare  health  health_insurance  cancer  us  USA  2017 
24 days ago
How do mortality rates in the U.S. compare to other countries? - Peterson-Kaiser Health System Tracker
Lots of great charts comparing US to other countries

The U.S. has lower than average mortality rates for cancers but higher than average rates in the other causes of mortality. This collection of charts explores how mortality rates in the U.S. compare to similar OECD countries (those that are similarly large and wealthy based on GDP and GDP per capita).

See Forbes:
https://www.forbes.com/sites/quora/2017/06/13/why-the-us-has-better-cancer-survival-rates-than-the-rest-of-the-world/#7b219c424b67

So with all of that said, yes, America has among the best cancer survival statistics because of an incredible abundance of high technology equipment and drugs, more extensive screening, and more aggressive treatment.

America also in general has better survival statistics when cancers are compared stage for stage. Of course there are exceptions. Japan survival statistics for stomach cancer are much better than American numbers.

Very expensive cancer treatments such as the new immunotherapies for cancer are more widely available in America than in countries with national healthcare where there are restrictions based on cost/benefit and budget caps.

The larger question is whether a society can afford to spend what America spends to get low single digit improvement in cure rates and and to prolong survival by a few months especially at the end of life.

Treatments that cost $200,000 per year are used to extend average life expectancy by 3–4 months in stage 4 cancers. Of course it's worth it for the minority of patients who are put into long term remission. But it doesn't help the others.
grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA  healthcare  USA  US  health  health_insurance  MedicareForAll  2019  infographics  charts 
24 days ago
***** Health at a Glance 2015 OECD INDICATORS *****
Excellent, color coded graphs starting at page 23, e.g. health status, risk factors, access to care (lots of n/a for US), quality of care, health care resources, expenditures oh pharmaceuticals pg 31, 34,
grade_AAA  grade_AA  grade_A  OECD  healthcare  health  health_insurance  US  USA  Europe  Scandinavia  infographics  charts 
24 days ago
How Bad Is U.S. Health Care? Among High-Income Nations, It's the Worst, Study says
Good basic overview (with chart) showing that the US is the most expensive and worst performing healthcare system among its peers.
grade_A  grade_AA  infographics 
24 days ago
** There is No Policy Proposal More Progressive than Andrew Yang’s Freedom Dividend
Here’s a partial list of programs that people would voluntarily opt out of in order to receive the Freedom Dividend: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Supplemental Nutrition Assitance (SNAP), Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), Supplemental Security Income (SSI). These programs provide less than $1,000 per month on average, even when combined.

Here’s a partial list of programs that would exist on top of the Freedom Dividend that no one would have to opt out of: Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) — aka Social Security and SSDI — unemployment insurance (UI), housing assistance, VA disability. These programs provide more than $1,000 per month on average.

For those concerned about health care, that’s a separate issue. People on Medicaid would only lose it if and when replaced by Medicare for All which is one of Yang’s two other core policy proposals alongside the Freedom Dividend and Human-Centered Capitalism.

As a rule of thumb, programs that are considered entitlements because they are contribution-based, will be earned as additional income to the Freedom Dividend. Programs that are considered welfare because they are based on low income, will mostly be offered as an alternative to the Freedom Dividend.

Source: CBPP
As one example, Anna is a single mother receiving $336 in TANF (median for household of two) and $247 in SNAP (average for household of two) for a total of $583 per month. Opting for $1,000 per month instead, she would effectively get an additional $417 per month, a 72% raise in income, unconditionally, and the conditions for her original $583 would be removed.
AndrewYang  UniversalBasicIncome  FreedomDividend  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
27 days ago
Scientists beleive they can now reproduce Ancient Roman concrete
Either way, she believes the ancient concrete would last at least twice as long as our modern concrete.
ancient  Rome  history  history_of_Rome  architecture  engineering  grade_A 
4 weeks ago
(643) Apollo 11: The Complete Descent - YouTube
Best video of apollo 11 descent, with radio communications, subtitles, explanations, real time altitude and LM angles, time to abort, etc.
NASA  apollo  apollo_11  videos  moon  Space  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
4 weeks ago
Where have ancient Rome's buildings gone? - Wanted in Rome
Another agent of disappearance is “damnatio memoriae”, whereby a new emperor sought to cancel all reference to a perfidious predecessor. Domitian’s horse in the Forum and Caracalla’s cruel erasures of his murdered brother, Gaeta, are examples. (Marcus Aurelius’ statue survived after early Christian emperors mistook it for Constantine’s.)
ancient  Rome  history  History_of_now  grade_A  architecture  grade_AA 
4 weeks ago
Zuma Rooftop Bar in Rome – An American in Rome
Zuma Rooftop Bar in Rome with views towards Spanish Steps

Zuma Rome
Via della Fontanella di Borghese, 48
Rome, Italy (Centro Storico – Spanish Steps)

Restaurant phone: +39 06 9926 6622

No reservations accepted for the bar. The entrance is on the left side of the building if you are standing and looking at the Fendi store. You do not need to enter the store to go up to the bar.

Open every day from 6 pm to 1 am (and until 2 am on Friday and Saturday)
Rome  Travel  ideas  Vacation  vacations  Food  grade_A  grade_AA  grade_AAA 
5 weeks ago
Earth's CO2 Home Page
To understand past climates, ice cores provide a high-resolution record of key climate variables that span the period in which homo sapiens appeared and human civilization developed.  Aside from the high-precision CO2 measurements that Charles David Keeling started at the South Pole in 1957 and the Mauna Loa Observatory in 1958, ice cores are the best source of atmospheric CO2 data for the prior 1 million years.
global_warming  climate_change  CO2  infographics  data  grade_AAA  grade_AA  grade_A 
6 weeks ago
Secrets of the Colosseum | History | Smithsonian
During the intermezzos between hunts, spectators were treated to a range of sensory delights.

Handsome stewards passed through the crowd carrying trays of cakes, pastries, dates and other sweetmeats, and generous cups of wine. Snacks also fell from the sky as abundantly as hail, one observer noted, along with wooden balls containing tokens for prizes—food, money or even the title to an apartment—which sometimes set off violent scuffles among spectators struggling to grab them.

On hot days, the audience might enjoy sparsiones (“sprinklings”), mist scented with balsam or saffron, or the shade of the vela, an enormous cloth awning drawn over the Colosseum roof by sailors from the Roman naval headquarters at Misenum, near Naples.
Rome  History_of_now  history  architecture  ancient  grade_A  grade_AA 
6 weeks ago
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