Jibarosoy + power   104

A THEORY OF POLITICAL POWER AND RIGHTS: A SECRET EXCHANGE FOR LEGITIMACY
The cause of legitimate power is, in great measure, the cause of all people’s life as political beings. The more we dive into each part of this work, the more we see the certainty of the principles on which this work is founded. Many circumstances vital to the argument are neither local nor historical, but are, in fact, universal, and through which the principles of all lovers of humankind are affected, and in the event of which, not only their affections but also their reason are interested. The laying of a regime that desolates with fire and sword, with the oppressive divine laws, and with the a brutal and despotic concept of legality, is at war with the natural rights of humankind. As long as usurpation of power and ignorance of the people’s right are the case, and extirpating the defenders of rights from the face of the earth is the concern of every person to whom nature has given power, the present study is not a choice but a duty.
Latino  war  POWER  state  Violence_y_Power  Power_materials  legitimacy 
october 2018 by Jibarosoy
Kick Against the Pricks | by Laura Kipnis | The New York Review of Books
The mantra lately heard across the land is that sexual harassment isn’t about sex, it’s about power. I wonder if this underthinks the situation: Is the man who won’t stop talking about sex a man convinced of his power, or one who’s desperate to impress you with his prowess? Failing to notice the precariousness of power encourages compliance, especially among the women targeted. If recent events tell us anything, it’s that power is a social agreement, not a stable entity. The despots had power because they did things that were socially valued and profitable, but the terms of the agreement can shift abruptly. (Force is different from power, which we’ll get to.)
war  POWER  Power_materials  Violence_y_Power  sexism  Power_in_America 
november 2017 by Jibarosoy
Aesthetics of Power: Why Teaching About Power Is Easier Than Learning for Power, and What Business Schools Could Do About It
Power in business schools is ubiquitous. We develop individuals for powerful positions. Yet, the way we deal with power is limited by our utilitarian focus, avoiding its visceral nature. In relation to this we address two questions business schools don’t ask: “What is the experiential nature of power? How are we teaching power?” We use experiential, aesthetic developments on power in the social sciences to critique the rational-utilitarian stance on power found in business schools, drawing on the work of Dewey and French philosopher Levinas to treat power as a lived phenomenon. We overview and critique approaches to teaching power in business curricula informed by our own research on Executive MBA students learning through choral conducting. Taking an appreciative-positive stance, this research showed students developing new, nonrational, nonutilitarian understandings of power. They developed nuanced learning on the feeling, relationality, and responsibility of exercising power. Coming out of this we argue for more experiential and reflexive learning methods to be applied to the phenomena of power. Finally, we shine a reflexive light on ourselves and our ”power to profess,” suggesting ways we can change our own practice to better prepare our students for the power they wield.
POWER  Power_materials  Teaching  Simulations  Learning 
september 2017 by Jibarosoy
How Civilization Started | The New Yorker
It turns out that hunting and gathering is a good way to live. A study from 1966 found that it took a Ju/’hoansi only about seventeen hours a week, on average, to find an adequate supply of food; another nineteen hours were spent on domestic activities and chores. The average caloric intake of the hunter-gatherers was twenty-three hundred a day, close to the recommended amount. At the time these figures were first established, a comparable week in the United States involved forty hours of work and thirty-six of domestic labor. Ju/’hoansi do not accumulate surpluses; they get all the food they need, and then stop. They exhibit what Suzman calls “an unyielding confidence” that their environment will provide for their needs.
SON  state  Violence_y_Power  POWER  Power_materials  honors  teaching_pol_theory  philosophy 
september 2017 by Jibarosoy
Social Influence
Obedience is a form of social in uence where the behaviour of an individual is in uenced by a real or imagined pressure from another. In terms of obedience, this can be de ned as compliance to the real or imagined demands of an authority gure. Yielding to these demands is considered to be obedience, rejecting the demands is known as dissent.
In our everyday lives we obediently follow the instructions of teachers, employers, police o cers and the rules of society. Such obedience can prevent accidents and result in social order the majority
of the time. However, there are times when obedience has led to horri c consequences. Notably, many atrocities that have been committed against innocent people have been the result of blind obedience. During the Second World War, the Nazi party instructed a mass extermination of millions of Jewish people using inhumane methods. This could only have been achieved through the collective obedience of many German soldiers who carried out these orders.
POWER  Power_materials  Psychology  Violence_y_Power 
september 2017 by Jibarosoy
The Experience of Power: Examining the Effects of Power on Approach and Inhibition Tendencies
Two studies of task-focused dyads tested the approach/inhibition theory of power (D. Keltner, D. H. Gruenfeld, & C. Anderson, in press), which posits that having power increases the tendency to approach and decreases the tendency to inhibit. Results provided preliminary support for the theory: Participants higher in personality dominance or assigned control over resources expressed their true attitudes, experienced more positive and less negative emotion, were more likely to perceive rewards (i.e., that their partner liked them), and were less likely to perceive threats (e.g., that their partner felt anger toward them). Most of these effects were mediated by the sense of power, suggesting that subjective feelings of power are an important component in the effects of power.
POWER  Power_materials  Research  Psychology 
september 2017 by Jibarosoy
The Nurse Managers' Power Usage in Turkey
This study investigated how nurses in two state hospitals in Izmir in Turkey perceived the current power base of their hospital nurse managers and what these same nurses preferred their hospital nurse managers to have their power base to be. This is a descriptive design that used a sample of 150 nurse staffs. The perceived leadership power questionnaire (PLPQ) was used. Frequency distribution, percent distributions, mean score, analysis of variance, t-test, Pearson correlation analysis and Cronbach’s alpha coefficient were used in data analysis. There were a significant difference between the perceived and preferred perception of reinforced power style (t= -10.19, p<.05), while there was no relation between perceived and preferred perception of legal power style (t= -1.90, p>.05) and compelling power style (t= -.03, p>.05). Reinforced power is perceived and preferred more while legal power and compelling power are perceived and preferred less. Nurse Managers use the reinforced power the most on their staff nurses. Legal power and compelling power are following in order.
POWER  Power_materials  influence  Research  questioning 
september 2017 by Jibarosoy
"I am the best": Effects of Influence Tactics and Power Bases on Powerholders' Self- and Target-Evaluations
Influencing others by harsh tactics is more likely to violate justice norms than influencing by soft tactics. Therefore, powerholders are supposed to enhance the self and devalue the targets more to justify harsh influence tactics. These social re-evaluations should also be more likely after influencing with tactics that are incongruent to the powerholders’ power base (e.g., harsh tactics based on expert power or soft tactics based on position power). In two experiments with 61 interacting groups, one person in each group was presented as having expert vs. position power and instructed to influence by harsh vs. by soft tactics. As expected, powerholders who influenced by harsh vs. soft tactics enhanced self evaluation (experiment 1) and reduced target evaluation (experiment 2), and powerholders who influenced by incongruent tactics enhanced self evaluation (both experiments).
POWER  Power_materials  social 
august 2017 by Jibarosoy
Integrating social power into the decision-making of cognitive agents - ScienceDirect
Social power is a pervasive feature with acknowledged impact in a multitude of social processes. However, despite its importance, common approaches to social power interactions in multi-agent systems are rather simplistic and lack a full comprehensive view of the processes involved. In this work, we integrated a comprehensive model of social power dynamics into a cognitive agent architecture based on an operationalization of different bases of social power inspired by theoretical background research in social psychology. The model was implemented in an agent framework that was subsequently used to generate the behavior of virtual characters in an interactive virtual environment. We performed a user study to assess users' perceptions of the agents and found evidence supporting both the social power capabilities provided by the model and their value for the creation of believable and interesting scenarios. We expect that these advances and the collected evidence can be used to support the development of agent systems with an enriched capacity for social agent simulation.
POWER  theory  philosophy  teaching_pol_theory  Hayduk 
august 2017 by Jibarosoy
Short instruction - Political online game and economic simulation
Ars Regendi is a browser-based political game that lets you take the reigns of your own, realistically simulated states. You will be asked to weigh in on various matters of state and - faced with a number of choices - any decision you make will have ramifications for the well-being of your virtual populace! In addition, you will be able to form alliances with other countries, initiate reforms and adjust the budget. Ars Regendi is a highly realistic and complex economic simulation that squares you off against other state leaders and puts your political and financial abilities to the test. But beware - running a country is not as easy as you might think and if you don't measure-up, you could find yourself out-of-office pretty soon!
In this multiplayer online game you may experience politics and economics in an informative, thrilling and entertaining way!
games  Simulations  Teaching  POWER  state  Power_materials 
august 2017 by Jibarosoy
Racial Threat Theory: Assessing the Evidence, Requesting Redesign
Racial threat theory was developed as a way to explain how population composition influences discriminatory social control practices and has become one of the most acknowledged frameworks for explaining racial disparity in criminal justice outcomes. This paper provides a thorough review of racial threat theory and empirical assessments of the theory and demonstrates that while scholars often cite inconsistent support for the theory, empirical discrepancies may be due to insufficient attention to the conceptual complexity of racial threat. I organize and present the following review around 4 forms of state-sanctioned control mechanisms: police expenditures, arrests, sentencing, and capital punishment. Arguing that the pervasiveness of racialization in state controls warrants continued inquiry, I provide suggestions for future scholarship that will help us develop enhanced understanding of how racial threat may be operating.
racism  police  criminal  justice  state  power  in  America  blacks  Latinos_+_TW  Hayduk  article 
may 2017 by Jibarosoy
The Daily 202: Trump’s pollster says he ran a ‘post-ideological’ campaign - The Washington Post
All three people who ran the Trump campaign noted, to varying degrees, the billionaire’s lack of a fixed ideology. While his rivals for the nomination were playing multi-dimensional chess, Trump kept winning by playing checkers. In retrospect, there is something so skillfully simple about a message that defied easy categorization. He could never be placed in one of the “lanes” operatives talk so much about: tea party, establishment, social conservative, libertarian or hawk.

Corey Lewandowski: “We didn’t have a traditional campaign of coalitions. It was the same message for everybody: … ‘I’m going to make America great again.’ … With all due respect to Jeb (Bush), he had three of four different launches. There was Jeb 2.0, Jeb 2.5 (and) Jeb 3.0. We just stuck on the same message the entire time. It was so simplistic, and it didn’t target any specific demographic. … We didn’t have this notion where, ‘We have to go win evangelicals in South Carolina to be successful.’”
Trump  politics  power  in  America  GOP  democracy  leadership 
december 2016 by Jibarosoy
Do Americans still have a shared identity? - The Washington Post
America has always contained many different communities, both physically and philosophically. The founders conceived a nation where people could pursue differing (though perhaps complementary) visions of life, liberty and happiness — speaking to a desire for a liberal society in which many groups might coexist. But whether the country was designed to be a homogenous “melting pot” or a heterogenous “salad bowl,” the implication was that these many groups were allied in some way, with a shared vision or set of qualities that could still combine to create a distinct and unified whole.
nations  Latinos_+_TW  power  in  America  state  latino  war  proposal  race  racism  latino_war 
december 2016 by Jibarosoy
Locked Out Teachers Say LIU Is Just 'Selling Seats,' Not Educating Students | Village Voice
All this is playing out against the backdrop of a nationwide push by university administrations to cut down on costs in a time of declining enrollments and rising tuitions. "If the number of administrators, and their salaries and costs, had not increased so dramatically over the past 25 years, tuition could be about a third less than it is,” said Benjamin Ginsberg, a professor of political science at Johns Hopkins University, of university costs nationwide. “This is a self-inflicted wound. The increase in administrative costs have all been internally generated. Administrators have paid themselves handsomely, and have hired even more of themselves.”

Indeed, while many lower-end administrative positions at LIU have been cut, Cline’s salary, and those of other high-end administrators, sticks out as especially generous. In 2014, Cline made almost half a million dollars. According to the university’s 990 filings, the salaries of high-end administrators at LIU doubled between 2008 and 2014, from a total of $2.5 million in 2008 to almost $5 million in 2014.
LIU  LIUBLC  labor  inequality  power  in  America  higher  education 
november 2016 by Jibarosoy
Colin Powell, in Hacked Emails, Shows Scorn for Trump and Irritation at Clinton - The New York Times
Mr. Powell also made clear in a series of exchanges how much he was offended by Mr. Trump’s attacks on the issue of Mr. Obama’s birth. “Yup, the whole birther movement was racist,” Mr. Powell wrote. “That’s what the 99% believe. When Trump couldn’t keep that up he said he also wanted to see if the certificate noted that he was a Muslim. As I have said before, ‘What if he was?’ Muslims are born as Americans everyday.”
GOP  Obama  Trump  presidents  bush  power  in  America  latino  war  proposal  truth  latino_war 
november 2016 by Jibarosoy
The Death of 'He Said, She Said' Journalism - The Atlantic
For an example of such a story, consider the way the Times covered George W. Bush’s claim, during his campaign against John Kerry, that Saddam Hussein had worked closely with al-Qaeda. “Bush and Cheney Talk Strongly of Qaeda Links With Hussein,” noted a Times headline on June 18, 2004. Why were Bush and Cheney raising the subject? Because the day before, the 9/11 Commission had reported that Saddam Hussein and al-Qaeda did not have a “collaborative relationship.” Nonetheless, the Times reported Bush’s claims and Kerry’s response as equally valid. Bush himself had helped create the Commission to provide an authoritative, nonpartisan account of the events leading up to 9/11. Yet the Times refused to grant its view any more weight than Bush’s own. It refused to render any judgment about what was true.
Trump  president  news  state  power  in  America  truth  method 
november 2016 by Jibarosoy
Trump’s Love for Putin: a Presidential Role Model - The New York Times
Nina Khrushcheva, a professor of international studies and associate dean at the New School, noted a shared characteristic in the two men: that of a tough authoritarian leader, or put another way, a schoolyard tough refusing to back down from a fight (an image Mr. Putin himself has used to describe his childhood).

Mr. Trump on Wednesday noted a widely circulated photograph of Mr. Obama and Mr. Putin at the latest Group of 20 meeting, locked in what clearly seems to be an icy stare.

“Wanting to be a firm and powerful leader who can stare people down like Putin is clearly something Trump aspires to,” Ms. Khrushcheva said.
Trump  leadership  president  state  latino  war  proposal  power  in  America  violence_y_power  pol  147  latino_war 
november 2016 by Jibarosoy
Donald Trump's Terrorism Comments Were Aimed at One Specific Audience
Five years ago last January, a white supremacist named Kevin Harpham tried to kill a whole lot of people in Spokane, Washington, by bombing a parade celebrating the birthday of Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. For the purpose of killing as many people as possible, Harpham loaded his bomb with fishing weights that, if all went as planned, would be converted into shraphnel by the bomb's detonation.

The fact that Harpham was buying so many fishing weights without buying any more fishing gear, or even possessing a fishing license, led to the tip that led police to Harpham in the first place. The fishing weights were coated with rat poison so that Harpham's victims would bleed more profusely. Kevin Harpham really thought this whole mass murder thing through, and it was two sharp-eyed park employees and some very good police work that thwarted him.

I mention this because it appears that some very good police work—and the fact that New Yorkers are decidedly less timorous than are a lot of peopl
Trump  state  police  terrorism  latino  war  proposal  violence_y_power  power  in  America  latino_war 
november 2016 by Jibarosoy
Trump's Plan for Dealing with Latest Terror Attack
If it seems like Trump is saying that actual police are too afraid to go after terrorists because of the PC police, that's because he is. And if it seems like he's expressly advocating racial profiling, that's because he is. Trump has also claimed that President Obama, who authorized the mission to kill Osama bin Laden, "coddles" terrorists.

"Toughness" is a powerful message at a time like this. The question is whether voters are able to stomach everything else he's offering.
Trump  terrorism  president  latino  war  proposal  violence_y_power  power  in  America  state  latino_war 
november 2016 by Jibarosoy
Want to Kill Your Economy? Have MBA Programs Churn out Takers Not Makers. - Evonomics
Why has business education failed business? Why has it fallen so much in love with finance and the ideas it espouses? It’s a problem with deep roots, which have been spreading for decades. It encompasses issues like the rise of neoliberal economic views as a challenge to the postwar threat of socialism. It’s about an academic inferiority complex that propelled business educators to try to emulate hard sciences like physics rather than take lessons from biology or the humanities. It dovetails with the growth of computing power that enabled complex financial modeling. The bottom line, though, is that far from empowering business, MBA education has fostered the sort of short-term, balance-sheet-oriented thinking that is threatening the economic competitiveness of the country as a whole. If you wonder why most businesses still think of shareholders as their main priority or treat skilled labor as a cost rather than an asset—or why 80 percent of CEOs surveyed in one study said they’d pass uWhy has business education failed business? Why has it fallen so much in love with finance and the ideas it espouses? It’s a problem with deep roots, which have been spreading for decades. It encompasses issues like the rise of neoliberal economic views as a challenge to the postwar threat of socialism. It’s about an academic inferiority complex that propelled business educators to try to emulate hard sciences like physics rather than take lessons from biology or the humanities. It dovetails with the growth of computing power that enabled complex financial modeling. The bottom line, though, is that far from empowering business, MBA education has fostered the sort of short-term, balance-sheet-oriented thinking that is threatening the economic competitiveness of the country as a whole. If you wonder why most businesses still think of shareholders as their main priority or treat skilled labor as a cost rather than an asset—or why 80 percent of CEOs surveyed in one study said they’d pass up making an investment that would fuel a decade’
LIU  inequality  jibaro  blog  higher  education  power  in  America  finances  liublc  plan  economics  economy 
november 2016 by Jibarosoy
How Finance Behaves like a Parasite Toward the Economy - Evonomics
The word “rent” originally was French, for a government bond (rente). Owners received a regular income every quarter or every year. A lot of bonds used to have coupons, and you would clip off the coupon and collect your interest. It’s passively earned income, that is, income not actually earned by your own labor or enterprise. It’s just a claim that society has to pay, whether you’re a government bond holder or whether you own land.

This concept of income without labor – but simply from privileges that had been made hereditary – was extended to the ideas of monopolies like the East India Company and other trade monopolies. They could produce or buy goods for, let’s say, a dollar a unit, and sell them for whatever the market will bear – say, $4.00. The markup is “empty pricing.” It’s pure price gouging by a natural monopoly, like today’s drug companies.
economics  power  in  America  state  class  inequality  theory 
november 2016 by Jibarosoy
Why this Maine town pivoted from Obama to Trump | Portside
In some ways, Trump’s lack of specifics helped. Whatever he does, it’s sure to be different. The townspeople felt they knew what they’d be getting with Clinton: Four, or even eight, more years of the same. And the last eight years haven’t been good to Mexico, a town of about 2,700 residents, down from more than 5,000 in 1960.

People are moving away because there aren’t enough jobs. The economic uncertainty has brought desperation and empty storefronts and opiates, too. More people seem to be on welfare or live in subsidized housing, and that frustrates those who stayed in town because it’s familiar, and mostly quiet and pretty in autumn.

Dana Richardson, who was tending an empty bar, Tommy Guns Pit Stop, at lunchtime last week, said most people he talks to in town wanted change. It’s an interesting argument because Obama won on a message of hope and change eight years ago. Whatever change happened, though, hasn’t reached Mexico. Or maybe people just didn’t like the change they saw.
GOP  Trump  politics  latino  war  proposal  power  in  America  latino_war 
november 2016 by Jibarosoy
Popular Science Monthly/Volume 51/July 1897/The Mob Mind - Wikisource, the free online library
The remedy for mob mind, whether presented in the liquefaction of our city folk under modern conditions of mental intimacy or in the mad rush of the public for the novelty of the hour, is not in replanting the hedgerows of custom. We must go forward, keeping in mind, however, that the chief present need is not to discredit the past but to discredit the mass. The spell of ancestors is broken; let us next break the spell of numbers. Without lessening obedience to the decision of majorities, let us cultivate a habit of doubt and review. In a good democracy blind imitation can never take the place of individual effort to weigh and judge. The frantic desire of frightened deer or buffalo to press to the very center of the throng does not befit civilized man. The huddling instinct has no place in strong character. Democracy's ideal is a society of men with neither the "back"-look on the past nor yet the "out"-look on their fellows, but with the "in"-look upon reason and conscience. We must ho
state  latino  war  proposal  leadership  violence_y_power  psychology  power  in  America  latino_war 
november 2016 by Jibarosoy
Hayes Historical Journal: Heroes and the "Dead Line" Against Riots - Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Library & Museums
Mathew Josephson, The President Makers (New York, 1940) 23. Roosevelt's aggressive leadership was "motivated both by rabid fear of the uncontrolled mob," Lee Huebner writes; while Hofstadter notes that "he despised the rich, but he feared the mob. Any sign of organized power among the people frightened him. . ." Lee Huebner, op. cit., 109; Richard Hofstadter, The American Political Tradition (New York, 1948), 269; Alfred Kazin found that Roosevelt "so nicely balanced the scales of righteousness that to criticize him was to be either a malefactor of great wealth, or a wild-eyed anarchist." Alfred Kazin, On Native Grounds (New York, 1943), 103. Robert Wiebe mentioned how many issues of the late nineteenth century were collected into "rhetorical clusters" as "antagonists confronted each other behind sets of stereotypes [and] frozen images," assigning "the enemy a monolithic conspiratorial design, and input[ing] to it an almost supernatural potency," Wiebe, The Search for Order, 96. See al
state  presidents  latino  war  proposal  leadership  power  in  America  archives  data  latino_war 
november 2016 by Jibarosoy
Revenge of the Forgotten Class | Portside
“To have lives be sacrificed because of corporate greed and warmongering, it’s too much for me — and I realize I don’t have all the facts — that there’s just too much sidestepping on her. I don’t trust her. I don’t think that — I know there’s casualties of war in conflict, I’m a big girl, I know that. But I lived my life with no secrets. There’s no shame in the truth. There’s mistakes made. We all grow. She’s a mature woman and she should know that. You don’t email your fucking daughter when you’re a leader. Leaders need to make decisions, they need to be focused. You don’t hide stuff.

“That’s why I like Trump,” she continued. “He’s not perfect. He’s a human being. We all make mistakes. We can all change our mind. We get educated, but once you have the knowledge, you still have to go with your gut.”
GOP  class  race  racism  Obama  politics  elections  president  leadership  latino  war  proposal  power  in  America  latino_war 
november 2016 by Jibarosoy
My Journey to the Center of the Alt-Right - The Huffington Post
White nationalists rejoiced. Most realized that the chances of Trump being a true believer were slim, but he sounded more like one of them than any major presidential candidate in their lifetimes. They’d been laboring for years to widen the Overton window—a term for the range of acceptable political discussion—and now Trump had put his fist through the damn thing. “Trump has opened up space for a new kind of discourse,” Spencer told me. “He’s opened up space for talking about nationalism.”
racism  state  GOP  latino  war  proposal  violence_y_power  power  politics  conservative  conspiracy  latino_war 
november 2016 by Jibarosoy
Electronic Frontier Foundation: Police Depts. Paid ATT Millions to Scrutinize Our Texts & Chats | Portside
New details are emerging about how AT&T has been spying on Americans for profit with a secret plan called Project Hemisphere. The Daily Beast reports AT&T is keeping private call records and selling the information to authorities investigating everything from the war on drugs to Medicaid fraud. AT&T reportedly has been retaining every call, text message, Skype chat or other communication that has passed through its infrastructure. Some of the records date back to 1987. Sheriff’s and police departments each pay upward of $1 million a year for access to the call records. No warrants are needed, and AT&T requires governmental agencies to keep secret the source of the information. We speak with Adam Schwartz, a senior lawyer at the Electronic Frontier Foundation. His latest article is "AT&T requires police to hide Hemisphere phone spying."
latino  war  proposal  state  intelligence  police  Urb  512  police  and  resistance  power  in  America  violence_y_power  latino_war 
november 2016 by Jibarosoy
WikiLeaks - How Fascism Comes to America
Republican politicians marvel at how he has “tapped into” a hitherto unknown swath of the voting public. But what he has tapped into is what the founders most feared when they established the democratic republic: the popular passions unleashed, the “mobocracy.” Conservatives have been warning for decades about government suffocating liberty. But here is the other threat to liberty that Alexis de Tocqueville and the ancient philosophers warned about: that the people in a democracy, excited, angry and unconstrained, might run roughshod over even the institutions created to preserve their freedoms. As Alexander Hamilton watched the French Revolution unfold, he feared in America what he saw play out in France — that the unleashing of popular passions would lead not to greater democracy but to the arrival of a tyrant, riding to power on the shoulders of the people.
latino  war  proposal  state  power  in  America  violence_y_power  GOP  latino_war 
october 2016 by Jibarosoy
WikiLeaks - RE: DRAFT STATEMENT ON NEVADA LETTER
DNC wants Sanders to get control of his supporters who are heckling Dem leaders
latino  war  proposal  state  power  in  America  leadership  democracy  violence_y_power  latino_war 
october 2016 by Jibarosoy
Liberty Is Security The Lesson Not Drawn From Post-9/11 Government Overreach | Portside
In several government reports, the failures of both the torture and the surveillance programs to produce tangible results were repeatedly noted by experts, analysts, and officials. In the case of torture, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, under the direction of Diane Feinstein, completed a 6,000-page report detailing the evolution of torture policy after 9/11 and its grim use on individual detainees. The report’s more than 500-page executive summary, released to the public, condemned the Bush administration’s use of torture, declaring that “CIA personnel, aided by two outside contractors, decided to initiate a program of indefinite secret detention and the use of brutal interrogation techniques in violation of U.S. law, treaty obligations, and our values.” In every instance, the report concluded, the program did not produce useful information of any sort that led in any way to the stopping of terror attacks or plots.
intelligence  state  power  in  America  latino  war  proposal  violence_y_power  terrorism  torture  latino_war 
october 2016 by Jibarosoy
The Dog That Voted and Other Election Fraud Yarns | Mother Jones
The scandal of the photo ID laws, then, isn't so much that they give one party an advantage, or even that they affect minorities disproportionately. The scandal is that they knowingly target minorities. So even if the real-life effects of these laws are small, they're impairing civil rights that African Americans and others have spent decades fighting, and sometimes dying, for. This in turn means that something most of us thought was finally taboo—active suppression of minority votes—isn't really taboo after all. As Eric Holder put it in a speech earlier this year, there are those who fear that "some of the achievements that defined the civil rights movement now hang in the balance."
democracy  power  in  America  GOP  Latinos_+_TW  racism  inequality 
october 2016 by Jibarosoy
Why I’m Voting for Trump
Listen: We can’t figure this out like this but until we figure out a better way to communicate I’m voting my gut. My gut tells me this is the best thing for us all. You can’t convince me otherwise this time but maybe next time you can respect my place and I’ll respect yours and we can start talking. Maybe that’s where we’re headed. Until then, what can this guy do that’s any worse than what the rest of those DC clowns have done?
Trump  GOP  power  in  America  state  politics  inequality 
october 2016 by Jibarosoy
How America Hates Socialism without Knowing Why - Evonomics
For economists, social trust works like a lubricant that can lower transaction costs and facilitate trading activities. Its aggregate benefit can be huge for a large economy, favoring the emergence and growth of large firms and boosting GDP with lower levels of inflation for a nation and higher levels of trade between nations. In America, according to Steve Knack, a World Bank senior economist, trust (broadly defined) was worth 12.4 trillion dollars a year, or 99.5% of the income in the mid-2000s. It “would explain basically all the difference between the per capita income of the United States and Somalia,” he remarked.
LIU  economics  power  in  America  inequality  leadership 
october 2016 by Jibarosoy
An Intriguing Link Between Police Shootings and Black Voter Registration
In other words, the higher the percentage of eligible black Americans registered to vote, the lower the over-representation ratio in a given state. Furthermore, states suffering from increased rates of income inequality (i.e. Gini index, median household income) demonstrated higher over-representation ratios, while states with increased diversity (i.e. percentage of noncitizen residents) demonstrated lower over-representation ratios.
violence_y_power  state  latino  war  proposal  Latinos_+_TW  racism  police  data  power  in  America  latino_war 
september 2016 by Jibarosoy
Reorganizing US Domestic Intelligence
Finally, domestic intelligence activities aimed at identifying and preventing terrorist plots before the would-be terrorists can act are one part of the overall national effort, and should be seen in that context. e national effort ranges from action taken in other countries to attack foreign terrorist groups directly to broad efforts to deter and influence individual group members or the groups’ sympathizers.5 Seen in that light, success in one area—for example, foreign intelligence operations targeting terrorist groups abroad—may abet success in others and may also affect the demand for other elements of counterterrorism.
state  latino  war  proposal  intelligence  violence_y_power  power  in  America  data  power_materials  latino_war 
july 2016 by Jibarosoy
‘Black budget’ summary details U.S. spy network’s successes, failures and objectives - The Washington Post
U.S. spy agencies have built an intelligence-gathering colossus since the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, but remain unable to provide critical information to the president on a range of national security threats, according to the government’s top-secret budget.
state  latino  war  proposal  intelligence  data  power  in  America  latino_war 
july 2016 by Jibarosoy
Inside the 2013 U.S. intelligence 'black budget' - The Washington Post
The pages in this document appear in the summary of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence's multivolume FY 2013 Congressional Budget Justification — the U.S. intelligence community's top-secret "black budget." It covers many of the high-profile agencies, such as the Central Intelligence Agency and the National Security Agency, as well as lesser-known programs, including those within the Treasury, State and Energy Departments. This budget does not include funding for intelligence-gathering by the military.

Although the government has annually released its overall level of intelligence spending since 2007, it has not divulged how it uses those funds. See detailed breakdowns of how the U.S. government allocates resources across the intelligence community and within individual agencies in the annotated pages below.
state  latino  war  proposal  intelligence  power  in  America  data  latino_war 
july 2016 by Jibarosoy
Domestic Intelligence: Our Rights and Safety
Counterterrorism e orts, once traditionally the mandate of the federal government, are now aggressively pursued at the state and local levels. In addition to the FBI, state police and local sheri s have entered the fray. No longer con ned to their traditional mission of preventing and investigating crime, police departments are now equipped with extensive resources and powers to collect intelligence and conduct surveillance. At the same time, in the wake of the Boston Marathon bombing, we learned that the system will not prevent all attacks.
state  latino  war  proposal  intelligence  power  in  America  police  power_materials  data  Latinos_+_TW  latino_war 
july 2016 by Jibarosoy
The Millennial Generation as an Insider Threat: High Risk or Over Hyped? | HOMELAND SECURITY AFFAIRS
This thesis asks if a specific generation, Millennials, is collectively more likely to possess the characteristics and traits of an insider threat than the Baby Boomers or Generation X (Gen X) generations. For the purposes of this study, insider threat it is defined as “people who maliciously and deliberately used their access to cause harm.”[1] The study’s relevance lies in the fact that that these three generations comprise 95 percent of today’s workforce, with the Millennials steadily becoming the largest part.[2]

This analysis is accomplished by comparing the generations against known insider threat risk factors. These risk factors, as defined by the United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team
state  latino  war  proposal  intelligence  power  in  America  power_materials  data  latino_war 
july 2016 by Jibarosoy
The Rise and Fall of an All-American Catchphrase: 'Free, White, and 21'
censors just didn’t see the bigger picture, so as World War II began, the United States’ new propaganda arm, the Office of War Information, intervened. Amazingly, the US government showed greater racial sensitivity than Hollywood, repeatedly urging film producers to cut back on offensive stereotypes. But then again, the government had a better read on how bad things were. A poll of African-Americans in 1942 showed that 49 percent of respondents thought they would be treated as well or even better under a Japanese government. The OWI also knew what the Afro-American had foreseen—that films were making us look bad abroad. They insisted on cutting references to “white” and “colored” signs in films and denied foreign distribution to Alfred Hitchcock’s Lifeboat (1944) because it depicted American mob violence. And although the military was segregated, they encouraged films that portrayed integrated ranks. The message: we didn’t need to fix our problems as much as keep them from the neighbors.
race  latino  war  proposal  state  power  in  America  racism  violence_y_power  inequality  propaganda  latino_war 
april 2016 by Jibarosoy
The rise of American authoritarianism - Vox
He polled a large sample of likely voters, looking for correlations between support for Trump and views that align with authoritarianism. What he found was astonishing: Not only did authoritarianism correlate, but it seemed to predict support for Trump more reliably than virtually any other indicator. He later repeated the same poll in South Carolina, shortly before the primary there, and found the same results, which he published in Vox:
state  power  leadership  GOP  violence_y_power  latino  war  proposal  tea  party  movement  latino_war 
march 2016 by Jibarosoy
Politics, Political Power, PS201H-1E
Political power, the capacity to affect significantly the political behavior of others and ulti- mately to shape and control important decisions on public policy adopted and implemented by the government, is based on control of political resources. A political actor--whether an individual person, a family, an interest group or its leadership elite, the leaders and sponsors of a political action committee, the leaders of a political party or one of its fac- tions, a particular governmental institution, office or agency, or the entire government-- possesses and exercises political power because of its control of certain things that are highly valued by large numbers of people within the society. Control of such values by a political actor places it in a position to shape and control the bahavior of other political actors by offering them an allocation of these values or by threatening to withhold from the political actors the things which they value. The values are political resources.
power_materials  power  Boricua_Power  Pol  11  latino  war  proposal  latino_war 
january 2016 by Jibarosoy
Born to Be Conned
That’s the power of the good con artist: the ability to identify your deepest need and exploit it. It’s not about honesty or greed; we are all suckers for belief. In Ms. Lloyd’s case, money was indeed a factor. But it need not be. Take love. Joan (not her actual name; why will be clear soon enough), a savvy New Yorker, found out after not only dating but living with her boyfriend, Greg (also not his real name), that she had fallen for an impostor. “He was wonderful, funny, kind and generous,” she recalled.
latino  war  proposal  power_materials  Pol  508  11  power  latino_war 
december 2015 by Jibarosoy
Louis I, King of the Sheep: An Illustrated Parable of How Power Changes Us | Brain Pickings
As Louis I rises to power by nothing more than chance, he gradually transmogrifies into an entitled and arrogant tyrant — a woefully familiar behavioral pattern calling to mind the legendary Stanford Prison Experiment, that cornerstone of social psychology in which students were randomly assigned to be either prison guards or prisoners in a mock-jail and the “guards” proceeded to exploit their randomly assigned power to a point of devastating inhumanity.
leadership  power_materials  power  pol  11  pol  147  psychology  latino  war  proposal  latino_war 
november 2015 by Jibarosoy
Power Why Some People Have It and Others Don't- by D G
Power Why Some People Have It—and Others Don’t Jeffrey Pfeffer To the Amazing Kathleen 5 Making Something out of Nothing: Creating Resources 4 Getting In: Standing Out and Breaking Some Rules 7 Acting and Speaking with Power 3 Choosing Where to Start 10 The Price of Power Introduction: Be Prepared for Power 2 The Personal Qualities That Bring Influence 6 Building Efficient and Effective Social Networks 8 Building a Reputation: Perception Is Reality Author’s Note
power  power_materials  pol  11  teaching 
november 2015 by Jibarosoy
I’m a cop. If you don’t want to get hurt, don’t challenge me. - The Washington Post
Cops deploy their training and their intuition creatively, and I wielded every trick in my arsenal, including verbal judo, humor, warnings and ostentatious displays of the lethal (and nonlethal) hardware resting in my duty belt. One time, for instance, my partner and I faced a belligerent man who had doused his car with gallons of gas and was about to create a firebomb at a busy mall filled with holiday shoppers. The potential for serious harm to the bystanders would have justified deadly force. Instead, I distracted him with a hook about his family and loved ones, and he disengaged without hurting anyone. Every day cops show similar restraint and resolve incidents that could easily end up in serious injuries or worse.
latino  war  proposal  violence_y_power  power_in_america  state  power  latino_war 
august 2014 by Jibarosoy
Signs of Trouble Preceded Fatal Stabbing at Bronx School - NYTimes.com
In a hearing that lasted about 10 minutes, Mr. Poulos described months of harassment and intimidation that his client suffered, including visits to Noel’s home and attacks based on his physical appearance. The family had repeatedly sought help from the authorities, to little avail, he said. “That was the terror he faced,” Mr. Poulos said. Of Timothy, he said, “The person who takes the sword, sometimes it comes back to haunt them. ”
violence_y_power  power_in_america  power  pol  11  state 
june 2014 by Jibarosoy
War Gear Flows to Police Departments - NYTimes.com
During the Obama administration, according to Pentagon data, police departments have received tens of thousands of machine guns; nearly 200,000 ammunition magazines; thousands of pieces of camouflage and night-vision equipment; and hundreds of silencers, armored cars and aircraft. The equipment has been added to the armories of police departments that already look and act like military units. Police SWAT teams are now deployed tens of thousands of times each year, increasingly for routine jobs. Masked, heavily armed police officers in Louisiana raided a nightclub in 2006 as part of a liquor inspection. In Florida in 2010, officers in SWAT gear and with guns drawn carried out raids on barbershops that mostly led only to charges of “barbering without a license.”
violence_y_power  state  power_in_america  obama  power  latino  war  proposal  mapping  latino_war 
june 2014 by Jibarosoy
“Look at my gun!” Why NRA’s scary “open carry” craze is not about freedom - Salon.com
Imagine you’re sitting in a restaurant and a loud group of armed men come through the door. They are ostentatiously displaying their weapons, making sure that everyone notices them. Would you feel safe or would you feel in danger? Would you feel comfortable confronting them? If you owned the restaurant could you ask them to leave? These are questions that are facing more and more Americans in their everyday lives as “open carry” enthusiasts descend on public places ostensibly for the sole purpose of exercising their constitutional right to do it. It just makes them feel good, apparently.
violence_y_power  power_in_america  power  pol  120  latino  war  proposal  latino_war 
may 2014 by Jibarosoy
The Psychology of Tipping | Psychology Today
Good for showing how wait staff influence customers...
pol  11  power_materials  power 
april 2014 by Jibarosoy
Lords Soft Power Committee releases 'Persuasion and Power' report - News from Parliament - UK Parliament
To ensure that the exercise of soft power takes its place at the core of government policy-making, the Report calls for the creation of a new strategic unit at the heart of Government. Its purpose would be to assist the Prime Minister in ensuring all Departments understand the importance of soft power and of upholding the UK’s reputation, and in swiftly counteracting any potentially damaging policies or messages. While investing in soft power takes time to produce results, the Report urges the Government to make a number of important changes:
power  violence_y_power  pol  11  pol  120  power_materials 
april 2014 by Jibarosoy
Army Base Shooting Highlights Difficulty in Identifying At-Risk Soldiers - NYTimes.com
The relationship between suicide and access to firearms is clearly established. A study of the Israeli Defense Forces, which had struggled with a high number of suicides among soldiers, found that the suicide rate dropped by 40 percent after a policy change in 2006 required soldiers to leave their firearms at the base when they went home for the weekend. “The single most effective way to prevent somebody, whether they’re in the Army or not, from dying by suicide is to make it really hard for that person to reach for a loaded firearm when they’re in a suicidal crisis,” Dr. Miller said. But whether restricting access to guns might head off the kind of violence that Specialist Lopez loosed at Fort Hood on Wednesday is less clear. Studies have found that rampage killers almost always turn out to have had a history of mental illness and to have given off signals that were ignored or minimized by others. They are often simmering with rage and resentment.
latino  war  proposal  pol  11  violence_y_power  power_in_america  power  latino_war 
april 2014 by Jibarosoy
The Shame of American Politics: GOP Presidential Hopefuls Trek to Las Vegas for Adelson Blessing | Blog, Perspectives | BillMoyers.com
The most frightening scenario is for corrupt money to dictate our politics. Casinos may no longer be mobbed up the way they were in the 1950s and 1960s, but they are still significantly implicated in government corruption. The perniciousness of this growing plutocracy was on full display on Saturday, as GOP governors Scott Walker, Chris Christie and John Kasich trekked off to Las Vegas in an attempt to attract hundreds of millions in campaign donations from sleazy casino lord Sheldon Adelson. Since Adelson is allegedly worth $37 billion, he could fund the Republican side of a presidential election (which costs $1 billion) all by himself. In the last presidential election he is said to have donated $100 million.
Hayduk  article  latino  zombie  article  power_in_america  power  latino_war 
april 2014 by Jibarosoy
How Advertisers Get You to Remember Ads | Psychology Today
Marketing research has established that most consumer decisions are memory based. You buy something because you remember a persuasive ad for it. Thus, advertisers seek to find ways to get consumers to remember their products and services. One obvious way is to repeat the ad over and over. But that costs a lot of money.
pol  11  marketing  Psychology  power_materials  power 
february 2014 by Jibarosoy
The Dark Side of Emotional Intelligence - Adam Grant - The Atlantic
Emotional intelligence is important, but the unbridled enthusiasm has obscured a dark side. New evidence shows that when people hone their emotional skills, they become better at manipulating others. When you’re good at controlling your own emotions, you can disguise your true feelings. When you know what others are feeling, you can tug at their heartstrings and motivate them to act against their own best interests.
psychology  relationships  emotional  intelligence  politics  power 
february 2014 by Jibarosoy
7 Things Extremely Persuasive People Do | TIME.com
While many people don’t like to sell, most find themselves having to persuade someone at some point. Persuasion is not just for salespeople and their prospects. You may try to persuade an employee to perform better, or perhaps you want to persuade your boss to take on your brilliant idea. Often the most effective persuaders are your kids. Somehow they come by it naturally while you, the adult, has to work hard to find the persuasive path to success.
education  power_materials  power  pol  11  pol  120 
january 2014 by Jibarosoy
Armies and the art of revolution (Beacon BP 463): Katharine Campbell (Hopkinson) Chorley Chorley: 9780807043813: Amazon.com: Books
Katharine Chorley's Armies and the Art of Revolution is an overlooked masterpiece of military strategy. She concludes that " a rebellion cannot succeed in direct confrontation against the armed forces of the status quo government so long as these are not prevented by political or other reasons from realizing their full potential...insurrections [are] bound to fail against professional armed forces operating at full strength". Chorley buttresses her thesis with historical examples from the American Revolution through the Spanish Civil War. She also emphasizes the importance of defeat in war in making professional armies vulnerable to subversion, but this is a well-known fact. Theoreticians of revolution often overlook her main conclusion, however. They optimistically expect the armed forces to be swept aside by the people in arms. Not very likely. The one real threat to the loyalty of an undefeated army is fraternization with disgruntled civilians. Chorley's chapter on fraternization i
violence_y_power  state  latino  war  proposal  power_in_america  power  latino_war 
january 2014 by Jibarosoy
5 Online Games That Teach Kids the Art of Persuasion | MindShift
The following five games do just that by modeling the work of argumentation. Best of all, they approach the subject critically, showing the myriad uses for persuasion and how it’s always political.
simulations  pol  11  analysis  power_materials  power  Power_Data 
december 2013 by Jibarosoy
Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds
On the other hand, in a tectonic shift,individuals and small groups will have greater access to lethal and disruptive technologies (particularly precision-strike capabilities, cyber instruments, andbioterror weaponry), enabling them to perpetratelarge-scale violence—a capability formerly themonopoly of states. Issued in 2012
power_in_america  latino  war  proposal  state  power  NIC  violence_y_power  latino_war 
november 2013 by Jibarosoy
Tomgram: Engelhardt, A Surveillance State Scorecard | TomDispatch
Unfortunately for the NSA and two administrations in Washington, our world isn’t so clear-cut any more. Breaking the codes, whatever codes, isn’t going to do the trick. You may be able to pick up every kind of communication in Pakistan or Egypt, but even if you could listen to or read them all (and the NSA doesn’t have the linguists or the time to do so), instead of simply drowning in useless data, what good would it do you? Given how Washington has fared since September 12, 2001, the answer would undoubtedly range from not much to none at all -- and in the wake of Edward Snowden, it would have to be in the negative. Today, the NSA formula might go something like this: the more communications the agency intercepts, the more it stores, the more it officially knows, the more information it gives those it calls its “external customers” (the White House, the State Department, the CIA, and others), the less omnipotent and the more impotent Washington turns out to be.
power_in_america  latino  war  proposal  state  power  violence_y_power  latino_war 
november 2013 by Jibarosoy
The United States of Fear | TomDispatch
n 2008, when the US National Intelligence Council issued its latest report meant for the administration of newly elected President Barack Obama, it predicted that the planet's "sole superpower" would suffer a modest decline and a soft landing fifteen years hence. In his new book The United States of Fear, Tom Engelhardt makes clear that Americans should don their crash helmets and buckle their seat belts, because the United States is on the path to a major decline at a startling speed. Engelhardt offers a savage anatomy of how successive administrations in Washington took the "Soviet path"—pouring American treasure into the military, war, and national security—and so helped drive their country off the nearest cliff.
power_in_america  latino  war  proposal  state  power  violence_y_power  latino_war 
november 2013 by Jibarosoy
The Network State and Informational Politics
the fate of the state in the network society is a dual one. On the one hand, there is a loss of sovereign power. States can no longer manage their affairs, inter- nal or external, alone, not even the US. On the other hand, there are attempts to create new arrangements, which Castells dubs “the network state,” through which state institutions continue to exer- cise influence over the fate of their citizenry.
power_in_america  state  power  Latinos_+_TW  violence_y_power 
october 2013 by Jibarosoy
Uighurs in China Say Bias Is Growing - NYTimes.com
Such discrimination, common across the region, is one of the many indignities China’s 10 million Uighurs face in a society that increasingly casts them as untrustworthy and prone to religious extremism. Uighurs are largely frozen out of the region’s booming gas and oil industry, airport jobs are mostly reserved for Han applicants, and truck drivers whose national identity cards list their ethnicity as Uighur cannot obtain the licenses required to haul fuel, an unwritten rule based on the fear that oil and gas tankers could easily be turned into weapons, according to several trucking companies.
latino  war  proposal  POL  145  Ethnic_Politics  state  power  violence_y_power  latino_war 
october 2013 by Jibarosoy
Creating a Prologue for ‘Fifth Estate’ - NYTimes.com
In Mr. Condon’s view, Mr. Assange’s insistence on unfiltered delivery of documents from anonymous whistle-blowers was a giant step in the ever-evolving business of news delivery, and the director wanted his film’s opening titles to say as much.
power_in_america  latino  war  proposal  state  power  violence_y_power  latino_war 
october 2013 by Jibarosoy
How Not to Be Alone - NYTimes.com
It is harder to intervene than not to, but it is vastly harder to choose to do either than to retreat into the scrolling names of one’s contact list, or whatever one’s favorite iDistraction happens to be. Technology celebrates connectedness, but encourages retreat. The phone didn’t make me avoid the human connection, but it did make ignoring her easier in that moment, and more likely, by comfortably encouraging me to forget my choice to do so. My daily use of technological communication has been shaping me into someone more likely to forget others. The flow of water carves rock, a little bit at a time. And our personhood is carved, too, by the flow of our habits.
technology  Online_Education  teaching  outcomes  ass  higher  education  power  education 
june 2013 by Jibarosoy
Amma’s Multifaceted Empire, Built on Hugs - NYTimes.com
Amma is best known for literally embracing the masses; she has hugged millions of people around the world, a feat that has earned her the nickname “the hugging saint.” Her status as a spiritual therapist has attracted a large following in the United States. In India, however, what Amma offers is far more significant and complex. She has built a vast organization that is the envy of both India’s public and private sectors. As Oommen Chandy, the chief minister of the state of Kerala, told me: “From nothing, she has built an empire.”
politics  power  violence_y_power 
june 2013 by Jibarosoy
WPR Article | The Changing Nature of Coercive Power
Such contexts are changing in a global information age. Networks are becoming increasingly important, and positioning in social networks can be an important power resource. For example, in a hub-and-spokes network, power derives from being the hub of communications. If you communicate with your other friends through me, that gives me power. And if the points on the rim are not directly connected to each other, their dependence on communication through the hub can be used to shape their agenda.
latino  war  proposal  power  violence_y_power  latino_war 
may 2013 by Jibarosoy
TED-Ed | What Aristotle and Joshua Bell can teach us about persuasion - Conor Neill
Imagine you are one of the world’s greatest violin players, and you decide to conduct an experiment: play inside a subway station and see if anyone stops to appreciate when you are stripped of a concert hall and name recognition. Joshua Bell did this, and Conor Neill channels Aristotle to understand why the context mattered.
power_in_america  POL  120  power 
february 2013 by Jibarosoy
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