Jibarosoy + politics   241

Friedman and Hayek: How Neoliberal Revolutionaries Took over the World - Evonomics
Excellent article that lays out the obstacles and paths to changing our worlds! 🤗
“If it is true that that ideas don’t change things gradually but in fits and starts — in shocks — then the basic premise of our democracy, our journalism, and our education is all wrong. It would mean, in essence, that the Enlightenment model of how people change their opinions — through information-gathering and reasoned deliberation — is really a buttress for the status quo. It would mean that those who swear by rationality, nuance, and compromise fail to grasp how ideas govern the world. A worldview is not a Lego set where a block is added here, removed there. It’s a fortress that is defended tooth and nail, with all possible reinforcements, until the pressure becomes so overpowering that the walls cave in.”
pol.505  pol.508  Passions  reasoning  capitalism  state  idea  ideology  identity  critical_thinking  politics 
may 2019 by Jibarosoy
A Major New Study Shows That Political Polarization Is Mainly A Right-Wing Phenomenon
A major new study of social media sharing patterns shows that political polarization is more common among conservatives than liberals — and that the exaggerations and falsehoods emanating from right-wing media outlets such as Breitbart News have infected mainstream discourse.
Political  Passions  reasoning  News  pol.508  politics  Power_in_America  pol.185 
april 2019 by Jibarosoy
About – Skylight Social Justice Films
Whether it’s a film, digital platform, mobile tool, print article, educational workshop or a documentary screening kit, it’s the story which is paramount to Skylight.

At Skylight we don’t simply tell stories about human rights – we engage people in activism to promote international human rights.  (Watch our Skylight 30 Years video to see more)

We create media with people; collaborating with community leaders, grassroots organizations, and NGO’s to create media that tells their stories, and strengthens their efforts.

We show with pathways forward by not only documenting the plight, but also the fight. We show the process of incrementally creating change. We make our films widely available to NGO’s and international educators through Academic Screening Packages and Screening Kits.

We increase impact and engagement by creating platforms and new media technologies that makes it easy for people to engage with social issues.  Our new media projects had included IJCentral, The Toolbox, and Every Memory Matters.
media:video  film  Power_materials  Teaching  politics  Violence_y_Power 
march 2019 by Jibarosoy
U.S. Foreign Policy: Here is my first principle of foreign policy: good government at home. -William E. Gladstone. - ppt download
Becoming a Nation continued… The Declaration of Independence would be the first document of American foreign policy. It described the United States’ relationship with Great Britain. To make up for their comparative weakness in the war, Americans sought aid from other nations. The nation’s first treaty would be concluded in 1778: The Franco- American (Alliance) Treaty of 1778. A separate trade treaty with France was also signed.
Pol.12  presidents  international  politics  Power_in_America  Violence_y_Power 
march 2019 by Jibarosoy
Candor American-Global Relations | Joomag Newsstand
The Sioux City North High American Studies class Candor as a class project to explore America's relationship with the world. Each student in the class created his/her own article to explore a topic of interest surrounding American Global Relations, the issue's theme. Read and enjoy!!
Pol.12  international  politics  Teaching  Power_in_America  Violence_y_Power  Psychology 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
Is Trump Ending the American Era? - The Atlantic
Trump seems incapable of restraining himself from insulting foreign leaders. His slogan “America First” harks back to the isolationists of 1940, and foreign leaders know it. He can read speeches written for him by others, as he did in Warsaw on July 6, but he cannot himself articulate a worldview that goes beyond a teenager’s bluster. He lays out his resentments, insecurities, and obsessions on Twitter for all to see, opening up a gold mine to foreign governments seeking to understand and manipulate the American president.

Foreign governments have adapted. They flatter Trump outrageously. Their emissaries stay at his hotels and offer the Trump Organization abundant concessions (39 trademarks approved by China alone since Trump took office, including one for an escort service). They take him to military parades; they talk tough-guy-to-tough-guy; they show him the kind of deference that only someone without a center can crave.
Trump  Power_in_America  international  politics  Violence_y_Power  state  Leadership  Pol.12 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
A Review about role-playing simulations of decision-making: Political Science
Educational expertise with regard to simulation-based learning environments is being valued because simulations are considered to be rich, authentic learning environments that narrow the gap between education and work (Breckwoldt, Gruber, & Wittman, 2014; Ellington, Gordon, & Fowlie, 1998; Tynjälä, 2008). Role-play simulations are a specific type of simulation that is well used in higher education learning contexts. They refer to non- computer-based simulations in which participants incorporate the role of a specific actor in a predefined situation while following a set of rules and interacting with others (Lean, Moizer, Towler, & Abbey, 2006). Such simulations are also implemented in the specific learning context of political science, in which students are assigned roles within socio-political processes and expected to act as real political actors; for example simulating a city council, a national government, a body of the European Union (EU) or United Nations
Simulations  games  international  politics  Teaching  Pol.12  pol.639  Power_materials  Power_in_America 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
International Relations | Active Learning in Political Science ©
I am always looking for new simulations – particularly ones that are easy to use and require less preparation. For my American foreign policy course, I usually use my own simulation on Iran-US relations. However, the Council of Foreign Relations’ Model Diplomacy simulations, discussed by others here and here, was an opportunity to try something new.
Pol.12  international  politics  Power_in_America  state  games  Simulations 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
Opinion | How to Have a Conversation With Your Angry Uncle Over Thanksgiving - The New York Times
Thanksgiving is a beloved holiday because it’s a time to gather with relatives from afar. It’s a dreaded holiday for the same reason.

Many of us aren’t accustomed to socializing with people who think differently from us, especially about politics. Our political attitudes and beliefs are intertwined with our most basic human needs – needs for safety, belonging, identity, self-esteem and purpose – and when they’re threatened, we’re biologically wired to respond as if we’re in physical peril.

So how can you talk with people who disagree with you without setting off this fight-or-flight response? Drawing on extensive online dialogues with conservatives and my own background in psychiatry and political psychology, I developed a five-step method to help people have difficult conversations.

Across the country, members of my nonprofit group, Smart Politics, are using this process to heal relationships damaged in the wake of the 2016 election. Many report being able to discuss politics with family members for the first time in years.

Thanksgiving is the perfect time for you to give it a try. Before the big day, practice discussing a couple of difficult topics with Angry Uncle Bot, a chat program created to help teach you the techniques.
Pol.11  Power_in_America  Power_materials  ideology  politics  state  economy 
november 2018 by Jibarosoy
13 Political Secrets People Kept From Family and Friends. What’s Yours? - The New York Times
In the weeks leading up to the midterm elections, The New York Times teamed up with Bustle to ask readers: What’s a political secret you’ve never told a soul? Would you tell us, as long as we didn’t reveal your identity?

We received hundreds of responses, and asked artists to illustrate some of the most illuminating. Here are 13 of them.
elections  politics  voting  Personal  individualism  reasoning  Passions  Teaching  Pol.11 
november 2018 by Jibarosoy
Ten Facts to Blow Conservative Minds « spydersden
As a public service to those who find themselves inextricably cornered by aggressively ill-informed Republicans at work, on the train or at family gatherings, presented here are ten indisputably true facts that will seriously challenge a Republican’s worldview and probably blow a brain cell or two. At the very least, any one of these GOP-busters should stun and confuse them long enough for you to slip quietly away from a pointless debate and allow you to get on about your business.
Obama  Trump  politics  Pol.11  Power_in_America  Violence_y_Power 
october 2018 by Jibarosoy
(5) Politics - Quora
The Bottom Line -- It is difficult to avoid a conclusion based on measurable data that conservative governance as practiced in America suffers from a fundamental flaw. In nearly every metric examined, conservative governments have not performed as well as more liberal governments. Even in issues of fiscal governance, conservative governments have emphasized low taxes and low debt, but have not produced healthy economies, either before the Great Recession or in the recovery. For issues of social services, budgets have been cut most severely in conservative states, but this has not produced the desired economic benefit. On the contrary, liberal states have produced economies that are more vigorous and have demonstrated higher productivity.
Economics  Power_in_America  Trump  Business  politics 
october 2018 by Jibarosoy
Trends and Facts on Hispanic & African-American News | State of the News Media | Pew Research Center
News media made by and for the two largest racial/ethnic minority groups in the United States – blacks and Hispanics – have been a consistent part of the American news landscape. News media aimed at both of these groups have seen recent declines in audience. Explore the patterns and longitudinal data about Hispanic- and black-oriented news outlets below.
NILP_Board  Latinos  Media  Latino_Journal  politics  Power_in_America  networks 
august 2018 by Jibarosoy
Is All American Politics Really National Now? - CityLab
Hopkins identifies several forces that led to nationalization. First, national political party organizations rather than state or local ones increasingly determine the candidates and causes that state and local party organizations then support. Second, media has increasingly reframed its coverage for a national audience, with new digital outlets centralized in major hubs like New York and Washington, while other local outlets are decimated by flailing business models.  Whether you are consuming conservative media or liberal media, you are more likely to be consuming national rather than local media.

In reality, though, the nationalization of politics is in some ways really just the selective localization of politics. The people, priorities, and perspectives of these few specific places control the politics of those places—and of all other places. The excluded in the rest of the country are not rejecting truly local candidates as much as they never get to hear from them in the first place.  
Hayduk  Latinos  QUEENS  politics  segregation  housing  Power_in_America  demographics 
august 2018 by Jibarosoy
– Without Ángelo Falcón, Chances of Dialogue Among NY Latinos Fade
Ángelo’s forte was data, and his weakness were his jokes. He would often boil down an important conversation to a simplistic comment. That was his defense mechanism to stop his enemies in their tracks, dull politicians and activists who were only thinking about their own and their friends’ interests.

He was one of the few Puerto Ricans in the city with whom you could criticize the Puerto Rican leadership. Our conversations about this topic were extensive, both in person and by phone. On many occasions, he came to Queens and we talked about it.

That is why his death is such a great loss for the Latino community. Ángelo could have started a conversation that we sorely need: a sincere and direct dialogue between Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, Mexicans, Ecuadoreans, Colombians and other Latinos. This issue is never addressed, and it is probably the most important one to tackle for the Latino community to advance.
Angelo  death  De-coding_City  Latinos  newyork  Race  politics  Power_in_America  Personal 
july 2018 by Jibarosoy
Science Has Always Been Inseparable from Politics - Scientific American Blog Network
We use the scientific method to minimize bias and maximize objectivity. That is what’s rational and unbiased. The scientific enterprise, however, is not, and it’s nothing short of clinging to a fanciful myth to suggest that it ever was.
The reality is that engaging in scientific research is a social activity and an inherently political one. Imagine for a moment that you were going to start a new country today. There are things you’d be compelled to do by default; coming up with laws, for example. Funding science is not a default position when creating a country, it’s a decision we made once as a society, and continue to revisit as we make new policies and pass budgets. Science has been linked to the politics of society since the first person thought it was a good idea to do research, and then convinced their neighbors to give them money to do it.
Angelo  NILP_Board  policy  Science  Methodology  Pol._185  political_science  politics  Passions 
june 2018 by Jibarosoy
The Scholar-Activist then and now
In 1910, DuBois held a faculty position at Atlanta University, but he resigned in order to begin working full-time for the activist organization, the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People). There his primary responsibilities included writing, editing, and publishing the magazine The Crisis. The goal of The Crisis, like the earlier but short-lived Moon Illustrated Weekly, was to focus attention on lynching and other forms of systemic racism in the US. The analysis in The Crisis was intended to spur action to a more just and equitable world (Morris, 2015, p. 136). Guided by DuBois, The Crisis reached a wide audience, with monthly subscribers reaching 120,000 just a decade after it began in 1920 (Lewis, 2000, p. 384).
Angelo  Research  Latinos_+_TW  Latinos  academia  politics  Power_in_America 
june 2018 by Jibarosoy
Did the Trump Administration Separate Immigrant Children From Parents and Lose Them? - The New York Times
Undocumented immigrants who are stopped by the Border Patrol or customs officers will be sent directly to a federal court by the United States Marshals Service. Children will be placed in the custody of Health and Human Services’ Office of Refugee Resettlement, administration officials said — the same office that handles minors who show up at the border unaccompanied by an adult. The adult immigrants would be sent to detention centers to await trial.
immigration  Trump  Latinos  Latinos_+_TW  Violence_y_Power  law  politics 
may 2018 by Jibarosoy
‘They Eat Money’: How Mandela’s Political Heirs Grow Rich Off Corruption - The New York Times
Corruption has enriched A.N.C. leaders and their business allies — black and white South Africans, as well as foreigners. But the supposed beneficiaries of many government projects, in whose names the money was spent, have been left with little but seething anger and deepening disillusionment with the state of post-apartheid South Africa.

While poverty has declined since the end of apartheid, inequality has risen in a society that was already one of the world’s most unequal, according to a recent report by the World Bank and the South African government.

South Africa has a large, advanced economy, an aggressively free press and a wealth of independent organizations and scholars who keep a close watch on government malfeasance. But even with its vibrant democracy, in which the details of corruption schemes are routinely aired and condemned by the news media and opposition politicians, graft has engulfed the country.
pol.639  corruption  state  inequality  IPE  international  politics  political_economy  Political_Geography 
april 2018 by Jibarosoy
Professional Resource Center - International Studies Association
The International Studies Association
Representing over 100 countries, ISA has more than 6,500 members worldwide and is the most respected and widely known scholarly association in this field. Endeavoring to create communities of scholars dedicated to international studies, ISA is divided into 6 geographic subdivisions of ISA (Regions), 29 thematic groups (Sections) and 4 Caucuses which provide opportunities to exchange ideas and research with local colleagues and within specific subject areas.
political_science  political_economy  international  politics  Teaching  IPE 
april 2018 by Jibarosoy
The Nationalist's Delusion - The Atlantic
It was not just Trump’s supporters who were in denial about what they were voting for, but Americans across the political spectrum, who, as had been the case with those who had backed Duke, searched desperately for any alternative explanation—outsourcing, anti-Washington anger, economic anxiety—to the one staring them in the face. The frequent postelection media expeditions to Trump country to see whether the fever has broken, or whether Trump’s most ardent supporters have changed their minds, are a direct outgrowth of this mistake. These supporters will not change their minds, because this is what they always wanted: a president who embodies the rage they feel toward those they hate and fear, while reassuring them that that rage is nothing to be ashamed of.
pol.639  Pol._185  Passions  reasoning  racism  Trump  class  Power_in_America  nations  Violence_y_Power  politics 
april 2018 by Jibarosoy
Why China’s Response to Trump’s Tariffs Is So Muted - The New York Times
“The upshot is that today’s tariffs amount to no more than a slap on the wrist for China,” Mr. Williams wrote in a note.

China would charge a 15 percent tariff on the American-produced products listed in Friday’s announcement.

Another round of tariffs could be imposed on a second group of American-made goods after China evaluates the impact of the American trade measures against China. That group would be charged 25 percent tariffs. It said businesses and other parties had until March 31 to submit views about the retaliatory tariffs, meaning they could take effect only after that date.
pol.639  IPE  china  Trump  political_economy  international  politics 
march 2018 by Jibarosoy
Xi’s power grab in China is a big deal « An Africanist Perspective
Regularized and predictable change of leadership is perhaps the most important indicator of political development. It doesn’t matter if such changes occur through popular elections (as in electoral democracies), boardroom meetings (in party dictatorships), or through inheritance (as in monarchies). Predictability provides stability and allows for the cultivation of elite consensus over a system of rule. It also provides the background conditions necessary for the rule of law to emerge. A situation in which rules change with rulers is hostile to constitutionalism.
pol.639  Pol.11  Leadership  state  constitution  politics  IPE  political_economy 
march 2018 by Jibarosoy
How Nations Recover - The New York Times
Recently I’ve been looking for examples of national comebacks — nations that were plagued by turmoil, inequality and polarization, but that managed to get their act together and emerge stronger than before.

I’ve been especially interested in the way Britain revived itself between 1820 and 1848. Its comeback has some humbling lessons for us today.

Britain was roiled by economic and demographic changes. There were financial crises, bad harvests and a severe depression. There was crushing inequality. The average life expectancy nationwide was 40, but in the industrial cities of Manchester and Liverpool it was around 28. There were widespread riots and government crackdowns. In 1819, 1,206 “radicals” were given the death sentence, though only 108 of them were executed.

The nation responded to the turmoil both from the bottom up and the top down.
Passions  state  Power_materials  pol.639  history  Teaching  IPE  politics 
february 2018 by Jibarosoy
Millions of ordinary Americans support Donald Trump. Here's why | Thomas Frank | Opinion | The Guardian
Trade is an issue that polarizes Americans by socio-economic status. To the professional class, which encompasses the vast majority of our media figures, economists, Washington officials and Democratic powerbrokers, what they call “free trade” is something so obviously good and noble it doesn’t require explanation or inquiry or even thought. Republican and Democratic leaders alike agree on this, and no amount of facts can move them from their Econ 101 dream.

To the remaining 80 or 90% of America, trade means something very different. There’s a video going around on the internet these days that shows a room full of workers at a Carrier air conditioning plant in Indiana being told by an officer of the company that the factory is being moved to Monterrey, Mexico, and that they’re all going to lose their jobs.
Trump  GOP  Economics  inequality  Passions  reasoning  Power_in_America  trade  class  politics 
february 2018 by Jibarosoy
Blog: The business of moral capitalism
Laws here mean something. When you put your money into this economy, you’re counting on the fact that the law treats everyone equally. Without that … with a thing that happens, like the immigrant visa ban, where a lawful permanent resident of the United States can be banned from coming here — and yes it’s been walked back —but when that happens, without recourse to Congress of the courts, then a stock or a bond is just a piece of paper. And that is just bad for the entire capitalist system that this country has been developed on. And I don't know where we go with that.
capitalism  law  pol.639  Pol._185  political_economy  IPE  Power_in_America  Economics  politics 
february 2018 by Jibarosoy
Magic Genie: Quick Exercise on Politics, Distribution, Decision Rules, and Deaths | Active Learning in Political Science ©
I did a quick exercise with my intro IR class yesterday that reinforced a lesson on the meaning of politics and its distributive implications, showed them how decision rules matter, and served as a jumping off point for a discussion about Mueller’s arguments about the overblown nature of the terrorist threat. The exercise is very simple, and only takes about five-ten minutes.

I split students into groups of four and gave them one of the following two prompts:
pol.639  Pol._11  games  Simulations  politics  international  policy  Violence_y_Power 
january 2018 by Jibarosoy
Why Nations Fail - Wikipedia
Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty, first published in 2012, is a non-fiction book by Turkish-American economist of Armenian descent Daron Acemoglu from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and British political scientist James A. Robinson from the University of Chicago.

The book applies insights from institutional economics, development economics and economic history to understand why nations develop differently, with some succeeding in the accumulation of power and prosperity and others failing, via a wide range of historical case studies.

The authors also maintain a website (with a blog inactive since 2014) about the ongoing discussion of the book.
pol.639  IPE  international  capitalism  state  Economics  politics  revolution 
january 2018 by Jibarosoy
1787: Madison’s Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention - Online Library of Liberty
James Madison's "Notes" or "Journal" made during the debates about the adoption of the Federal Constitution in Philadelphia in 1787 are an important source of information about the diversity of opinion on matters concerning the proposed constitution which were held in the colonies at this time. We have at the Online Library of Liberty 3 sources which can be profitably used to explore these debates
constitution  politics  Power_in_America  Latino  war  Leadership  Violence_y_Power 
january 2018 by Jibarosoy
America’s New Religion: Fox Evangelicalism - The New York Times
But what those critics don’t recognize is that the nationalistic, race-baiting, fear-mongering form of politics enthusiastically practiced by Mr. Trump and Roy Moore in Alabama is central to a new strain of American evangelicalism. This emerging religious worldview — let’s call it “Fox evangelicalism” — is preached from the pulpits of conservative media outlets like Fox News. It imbues secular practices like shopping for gifts with religious significance and declares sacred something as worldly and profane as gun culture.
Passions  reasoning  Religion  Trump  politics  Power_in_America  teaching_pol_theory 
december 2017 by Jibarosoy
Inside Trump’s Hour-by-Hour Battle for Self-Preservation - The New York Times
Before taking office, Mr. Trump told top aides to think of each presidential day as an episode in a television show in which he vanquishes rivals. People close to him estimate that Mr. Trump spends at least four hours a day, and sometimes as much as twice that, in front of a television, sometimes with the volume muted, marinating in the no-holds-barred wars of cable news and eager to fire back.

Continue reading the main story
The Trump White House
The historic moments, head-spinning developments and inside-the-White House intrigue.
Alabama Loss Exposes Republican Fissures Amid a Democratic Surge
DEC 13
Trump’s Revisionist History of His Role in Alabama Race
DEC 13
White House Corrects Tillerson on Whether U.S. Will Talk to North Korea
DEC 13
Fed Predicts Modest Economic Growth From Tax Cut
DEC 13
For Trump, a Moment of Defeat but Maybe Not Recalibration
DEC 13
See More »


Donald Trump Is Sworn In as President, Capping His Swift Ascent JAN. 20, 2017

Trump Humiliated Jeff Sessions After Mueller Appointment SEPT. 14, 2017

Less Tweeting, Lawyers Beg. ‘Covfefe,’ the President Says. MAY 31, 2017

The 394 People, Places and Things Donald Trump Has Insulted on Twitter: A Complete List JAN. 28, 2016

Forceful Chief of Staff Grates on Trump, and the Feeling Is Mutual SEPT. 1, 2017

Continue reading the main story
“He feels like there’s an effort to undermine his election and that collusion allegations are unfounded,” said Senator Lindsey Graham, a Republican from South Carolina who has spent more time with the president than most lawmakers. “He believes passionately that the liberal left and the media are out to destroy him. The way he got here is fighting back and counterpunching.
Trump  Power_in_America  politics  Leadership  state  Latino  war 
december 2017 by Jibarosoy
Is There an Evangelical Crisis? - The New York Times
The question is whether this resilience will survive the age of Trump. Some evangelical voices think not: Whether the subject is the debauched pagan in the White House, the mall-haunted candidacy of Roy Moore or the larger question of how to engage with secular culture, there is talk of an intergenerational crisis within evangelical churches, a widening disillusionment with a Trump-endorsing old guard, a feeling that a crackup must loom ahead.

Continue reading the main story

Ross Douthat
Politics, religion, moral values and higher education.
Race and Class and What Happened in 2016
NOV 29
Angela Merkel’s Failure May Be Just What Europe Needs
NOV 22
What if Ken Starr Was Right?
NOV 18
How to Fix the Republican Tax Plan
NOV 15
The Swine of Conservatism
NOV 11
See More »


Continue reading the main story
In a recent cri de coeur on the influential Gospel Coalition site, Jared Wilson described younger evangelicals as “basically a bunch of theological orphans,” betrayed by older pastors who insisted on the importance of moral character and then abandoned these preachments for the sake of partisanship — revealing their own commitments as essentially idolatrous, and leaving the next generation no choice but to invent evangelicalism anew.
Passions  Religion  reasoning  politics  Power_in_America  Trump  conservative 
december 2017 by Jibarosoy
A Voice of Hate in America’s Heartland - The New York Times
In Ohio, amid the row crops and rolling hills, the Olive Gardens and Steak ’n Shakes, Mr. Hovater’s presence can make hardly a ripple. He is the Nazi sympathizer next door, polite and low-key at a time the old boundaries of accepted political activity can seem alarmingly in flux. Most Americans would be disgusted and baffled by his casually approving remarks about Hitler, disdain for democracy and belief that the races are better off separate. But his tattoos are innocuous pop-culture references: a slice of cherry pie adorns one arm, a homage to the TV show “Twin Peaks.” He says he prefers to spread the gospel of white nationalism with satire. He is a big “Seinfeld” fan.
Passions  reasoning  fascism  conservative  Violence_y_Power  Power_in_America  politics  Trump 
november 2017 by Jibarosoy
Readers Accuse Us of Normalizing a Nazi Sympathizer; We Respond - The New York Times
Whatever our goal, a lot of readers found the story offensive, with many seizing on the idea we were normalizing neo-Nazi views and behavior. “How to normalize Nazis 101!” one reader wrote on Twitter. “I’m both shocked and disgusted by this article,” wrote another. “Attempting to ‘normalize’ white supremacist groups – should Never have been printed!”

Our reporter and his editors agonized over the tone and content of the article. The point of the story was not to normalize anything but to describe the degree to which hate and extremism have become far more normal in American life than many of us want to think.
Passions  reasoning  Psychology  fascism  politics  Trump  Violence_y_Power  Power_in_America 
november 2017 by Jibarosoy
Ellen Grigsby full copy of Analyzing Politics
The text draws on academic and applied contributions to political discourse in an effort to show students that political science is a field of inquiry with many practical uses. Specifically, in this text I try to introduce basic political science concepts, demonstrate their significance in understanding contemporary political issues, and connect the concepts to larger theoretical models of analysis. The goal of encouraging students to think critically about the questions discussed in this text has also motivated every substantive decision throughout the composition process. Analyzing Politics is written not only to instruct, but also to provoke, to challenge, and sometimes to unsettle readers. Furthermore, I hope the text invites students to explore a broader range of perspectives and sources than those traditionally incorporated into introductory political science classes; toward this end, I have included more advanced topics, such as postmodernism.
Pol.11  politics  Power_in_America  political_science  Teaching 
november 2017 by Jibarosoy
Why New York Pols Are Key to Puerto Rico's Recovery - WNYC News - WNYC
“He did what he could to help them with their housing problems, language problems, problems in the schools,” says Jose Sanchez, chair of the Urban Studies Department at Long Island University.

Marcantonio was a self-proclaimed socialist and he became a supporter of Puerto Rican independence. As activists pushing for the island to separate from the United States were jailed in the 1940's, he became the de facto voice for the movement. “He had a platform,” Sanchez says. “He had the ability to make speeches, even have declarations passed into law.”
Personal  Sanchez  politics  Power_in_America  Latinos  Latino_achievements  Leadership 
november 2017 by Jibarosoy
Andrew Anglin: The Making of an American Nazi - The Atlantic
He also arrived at a more fortuitous moment. Anglin and his ilk like to talk about the Overton Window, a term that describes the range of acceptable discourse in society. They’d been tugging at that window for years only to watch, with surprise and delight, as it flew wide open during Donald Trump’s candidacy. Suddenly it was okay to talk about banning Muslims or to cast Mexican immigrants as criminals and parasites—which meant Anglin’s even-more-extreme views weren’t as far outside the mainstream as they once had been. Anglin is the alt-right’s most accomplished propagandist, and his writing taps into some of the same anxieties and resentments that helped carry Trump to the presidency—chiefly a perceived loss of status among white men.
Passions  reasoning  teaching_pol_theory  politics  fanaticism  Power_in_America  Trump 
november 2017 by Jibarosoy
Bill Clinton, Roy Moore and the Power of Social Identity - The New York Times
In the case of Mr. Moore, his Alabama supporters and voters have rallied to his defense, saying that he was “innocent until proven guilty” and that the accusations are sponsored by Democrats — the “them” to their “us.” There were some similar expressions of innocence until proven guilty regarding Hollywood celebrities, but in many cases those accused have quickly lost jobs, entered therapy and often expressed regret. Democrats in Congress have so far shown little willingness to defend Mr. Franken, although President Trump has criticized his conduct.

Mr. Franken has apologized, yet he may still face ethics sanctions, and the effect on his political career remains unclear. Mr. Moore may ultimately end up regretful and unemployed, but the way in which people reacted to these accusations illustrates the power of social identity and how it is possible for people to live in the same communities and believe very different things are real.
Passions  reasoning  Groups  groupwork  politics  Psychology  identity  Power_in_America 
november 2017 by Jibarosoy
The More Education Republicans Have, the Less They Tend to Believe in Climate Change - The New York Times
This can trigger what social scientists call a polarization effect, as described by John Zaller, a political scientist at the University of California, Los Angeles, in his 1992 book about mass opinion. When political elites disagree, their views tend to be adopted first by higher-educated partisans on both sides, who become more divided as they acquire more information.

It may be easier to think about in terms of simple partisanship. Most Americans know what party they belong to, but they can’t be expected to know the details of every issue, so they tend to adopt the views of the leaders of the party they already identify with.
Passions  reasoning  politics  Groups  groupwork  Psychology 
november 2017 by Jibarosoy
Study of Politics (Various Approaches)
While analysing the relationship between power and politics Frederick Watkings writes, “The proper scope of political science is not the study of the state or of any other specific institutional complex, but the investigation of all associations in so far as they can be shown to exemplify the problem of power.”

William Robson, another political thinker observes: “It is with power in society that political science is primarily concerned—its nature, basis, processes, scope and results…… The focus of interest of the political scientist is clear and unambiguous; it centres on the struggle to gain or retain power, to exercise power or influence over others or to resist that exercise”.

So far as various political concepts are concerned there are innumerable differences between Marxist and liberal thinkers. But both groups agree that politics and power are inseparable concepts. The Marxists have held that in any bourgeois society there are mainly two classes and they are involved in continuous struggle to capture power. The struggle ends in the capture of power by the proletarians.
political_science  methods  Power_materials  Violence_y_Power  politics 
november 2017 by Jibarosoy
(6) Politics In Time: History, Institutions, and Social Analysis
This groundbreaking book represents the most systematic examination to date of the often-invoked but rarely examined declaration that "history matters." Most contemporary social scientists unconsciously take a "snapshot" view of the social world. Yet the meaning of social events or processes is frequently distorted when they are ripped from their temporal context. Paul Pierson argues that placing politics in time--constructing "moving pictures" rather than snapshots--can vastly enrich our understanding of complex social dynamics, and greatly improve the theories and methods that we use to explain them. Politics in Time opens a new window on the temporal aspects of the social world. It explores a range of important features and implications of evolving social processes: the variety of processes that unfold over significant periods of time, the circumstances under which such different processes are likely to occur, and above all, the significance of these temporal dimensions of social life for our understanding of important political and social outcomes. Ranging widely across the social sciences, Pierson's analysis reveals the high price social science pays when it becomes ahistorical. And it provides a wealth of ideas for restoring our sense of historical process. By placing politics back in time, Pierson's book is destined to have a resounding and enduring impact on the work of scholars and students in fields from political science, history, and sociology to economics and policy analysis.
Pol._185  politics  Methodology  methods  political_science  history 
november 2017 by Jibarosoy
Are Christians Supposed to Be Communists? - The New York Times
Even then, however, the transition was not quite as abrupt as one might imagine. Well into the second century, the pagan satirist Lucian of Samosata reported that Christians viewed possessions with contempt and owned all property communally. And the Christian writers of Lucian’s day largely confirm that picture: Justin Martyr, Tertullian and the anonymous treatise known as the Didache all claim that Christians must own everything in common, renounce private property and give their wealth to the poor. Even Clement of Alexandria, the first significant theologian to argue that the wealthy could be saved if they cultivated “spiritual poverty,” still insisted that ideally all goods should be held in common.

As late as the fourth and fifth centuries, bishops and theologians as eminent as Basil the Great, Gregory of Nyssa, Ambrose of Milan, Augustine and Cyril of Alexandria felt free to denounce private wealth as a form of theft and stored riches as plunder seized from the poor. The great John Chrysostom frequently issued pronouncements on wealth and poverty that make Karl Marx and Mikhail Bakunin sound like timid conservatives. According to him, there is but one human estate, belonging to all, and those who keep any more of it for themselves than barest necessity dictates are brigands and apostates from the true Christian enterprise of charity. And he said much of this while installed as Archbishop of Constantinople.
Passions  reasoning  Religion  communism  politics  inequality  teaching_pol_theory 
november 2017 by Jibarosoy
Outsmarting Our Primitive Responses to Fear - The New York Times
“Change has occurred so rapidly for our species that now we are equipped with brains that are super sensitive to threat but also super capable of planning, thinking, forecasting and looking ahead,” said Ahmad Hariri, a professor of psychology and neuroscience at Duke University. “So we essentially drive ourselves nuts worrying about things because we have too much time and don’t have many real threats on our survival, so fear gets expressed in these really strange, maladaptive ways.”
Passions  Psychology  teaching_pol_theory  politics  Violence_y_Power  Tea_Party_Movement 
november 2017 by Jibarosoy
Moral Games for Teaching Bioethics
Bioethics includes ethical issues related to all branches of knowledge, including the environment, life sciences, and medicine and associated technologies. To ensure public participation and making wise decisions about their own and their children's future, providing bioethics education at all levels is necessary. Although the primary audience of this book is teachers, the debates generated in the classroom are likely to spill over into the family and community in general. This book aims to bring moral theory to life by a participatory style featuring a number of moral games that can be used and adapted to teach ethics in a practical manner.
games  Simulations  Passions  reasoning  morals  teaching_pol_theory  politics 
october 2017 by Jibarosoy
Political Polarization Test - Institute for Cultural Evolution
To take The Political Polarization Test choose your top three political value statements from the list of 7 values below, in order of priority. Select the buttons that correspond with the letters of your top three values and then click on “go to results” to see a description of your position and some additional values to consider. No log-in is required and your answers will never be shared with a third party.
tests  morals  Passions  reasoning  teaching_pol_theory  government  politics 
october 2017 by Jibarosoy
The Righteous Mind by Jonathan Haidt | Issue 101 | Philosophy Now
For us, the technicalities are unimportant. If evolutionary psychology is true, there must be some account of the facts of human co-operation and compassion derivable by it. What is significant however is the way that Haidt deals in different ways with the moral intuitions of liberals and conservatives. Conservative instincts, stressing as they do what he calls ‘groupishness’ – an emphasis on the interest of one’s own group – are easy to account for evolutionarily; but liberal ideals, which stress universal obligations to people, are not. For example, my tendency to give to overseas aid charities rather than to local ones is based on the slightly soulless principle that a pound spent in Africa might lead to a more profound change in a child’s life than one spent at home. I’ve met conservatives of the ‘charity begins at home’ persuasion who are mystified by my reasoning, and Haidt can explain exactly why. From his perspective, in-group preference has an evolutionary origin, while my universalism, like the moral instinct in general for Dawkins, can only be explained as a kind of glitch.
Passions  reasoning  teaching_pol_theory  Psychology  Religion  politics  SON  questioning 
october 2017 by Jibarosoy
Jonathan Haidt’s THE RIGHTEOUS MIND: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion, 3 | Views from Crestmont Drive
First, an aside that I didn’t mention earlier, in the chapter about how people are more concerned about reputation than actually being virtuous. In the discussion about how you can use ‘reason’ to reach any conclusion (based on whatever you might find out on Google), he contrasts the cognitive mechanisms involving strange beliefs. (Citing work by Tom Gilovich.) When we *want* to believe something, we ask, *Can* I believe it? For this you need only a single piece of pseudo-evidence. Whereas if you’re not inclined to believe something, you ask *Must* I believe it? And then no matter how much supporting evidence you find, if you find a single reason to doubt the claim, you dismiss it. This is the essence of motivated reasoning, and Haidt illustrates it by observing that conspiracy theories operate on the former strategy (*can* I believe it? give me one example) while science operates on the latter (if all the evidence supports an idea, you must believe), and non-scientists are adept at finding some reason to quibble
Passions  reasoning  Psychology  teaching_pol_theory  Haidt  politics  Religion 
october 2017 by Jibarosoy
Tracing the threads: How five moral concerns (especially Purity) help explain culture war attitudes
Commentators have noted that the issue stands taken by each side of the American ‘‘culture war’’ lack conceptual consistency and can even seem contradictory. We sought to understand the psychological underpinnings of culture war attitudes using Moral Foundations Theory. In two studies involving 24,739 participants and 20 such issues (e.g. abortion, immigration, same-sex marriage), we found that endorsement of five moral foundations predicted judgments about these issues over and above ideology, age, gender, religious attendance, and interest in politics. Our results suggest that dispositional tenden- cies, particularly a person’s moral intuitions, may underlie, motivate, and unite ideological positions across a variety of issues and offer new insights into the multiple ‘‘moral threads’’ connecting disparate political positions.
Passions  reasoning  teaching_pol_theory  Psychology  sex  politics  abortion 
october 2017 by Jibarosoy
The McDonalds sim and September 12: what does it mean for a videogame to be political?
The concept of political games had its first big break in the noughties with "newsgames" like September 12. Released in 2003, six months after the invasion of Iraq, it has you fire missiles into crowds full of "terrorists" and "civilians". Every time a civilian is killed, mourners flock to the corpse, then transform into terrorists; you end up with a devastated wasteland swarming with masked gunmen. In 2006, art-game provocateurs Molleindustria released an unauthorized McDonald’s Videogame, and the same year saw Darfur is Dying adopt stealth game conventions to make the player feel powerless in the face of armed militia.
games  Simulations  teaching_pol_theory  Political  politics  Passions 
september 2017 by Jibarosoy
Morality Quiz/Test your Morals, Values & Ethics - YourMorals.Org
Welcome to YourMorals.org, where you can learn about your own morality, ethics, and/or values, while also contributing to scientific research. We are a group of professors and graduate students in social psychology at the University of Virginia, The University of California (Irvine), and the University of Southern California. (See us here.)

Our goal is to understand the way our "moral minds" work. Why do people disagree so passionately about what is right? Why, in particular, is there such hostility and incomprehension between members of different political parties? By filling out a few of our surveys, you'll help us answer those questions We, in return, will give you an immediate report on how you scored on each study, quiz, or survey. We'll show you how your responses compare to others and we'll tell you what that might say about you.
Passions  reasoning  tests  Research  teaching_pol_theory  Teaching  Psychology  morals  politics 
august 2017 by Jibarosoy
'Governance in the Real World Is So Fucked:' Lawrence Lessig Is Working on an MMO - Motherboard
An upcoming online multiplayer game called, coincidentally, Seed , will cast players as so many Robinson Crusoes, thrown into a virtual world with few pre-set parameters where they are tasked with forging a robust political system. The game's political mechanisms are being designed by none other than Lawrence Lessig, the legendary constitutional scholar who unsuccessfully ran for president last year.
games  Simulations  SON  Communities  politics  teaching_pol_theory  Teaching 
august 2017 by Jibarosoy
The Politics of Passion: A Lesson from The Federalist Papers | Public Discourse
It is notable that the only moral virtue specifically mentioned in the Declaration of Independence is prudence, and that The Federalist Papers begin with a plea for moderation. Meanwhile today, these two virtues are commonly treated with suspicion, if not outright contempt: Prudence is equated with unprincipled pragmatism, and moderation with servility and cowardice. Then why did the Founders consider these two related virtues the very foundation of a free society and free government?

The answer is simple: Political liberty depends on citizens’ interior liberty, and interior liberty is only possible with prudence and moderation. Prudence is the intellectual virtue ordered to truth in action. It helps human beings deliberate well about what is truly good, and directs the will to these ends like an arrow to its target. Moderation is the moral virtue that prevents passion from blinding prudence—not just base passions like envy, lust, and greed, but even more noble passions like anger, which is related to a love of justice.
Passions  reasoning  Violence_y_Power  identity  Power_in_America  politics 
august 2017 by Jibarosoy
Black Catholicism and Black Lives Matter: the process towards joining a movement: Ethnic and Racial Studies: Vol 40, No 11
This ethnographic study examines how Black Catholics identify with and respond to the Black Lives Matter movement. The study follows several national Black Catholic gatherings since the death of Mike Brown. Using an adaptation of Scott Hunt, Robert D. Benford, and David Snow's social movement frame analysis, I explore how Black Catholics define and construct the ongoing political issues within the Black Lives Matter movement. I discuss the conditions which contribute to Black Catholic’s participation, or lack thereof, in this social movement through the processes of diagnostic framing, prognostic framing, and motivational framing. I position the larger Black Catholic belief system within frame analysis, examine the relevance of the frames with the Black Catholic community, and analyse the frames’ timing with the Black Lives Matter cycle of protest. This research has implications for intragroup meaning making as Black Catholics start the process towards identifying with the Black Lives Matter social movement.
racism  Passions  reasoning  community  Violence_y_Power  police  politics  Power_in_America 
august 2017 by Jibarosoy
NiLP Report: NYS Governor Cuomo's Missing Latino Clergy
We have expressed over the years continual and unheeded concern about the extreme underrepresentation of Latinos in New York State government: although Latinos make up 19 percent of the state's population, we are less than 5 percent of the government work force. Now, in the midst of the controversities surrounding the Charlottesville protests, we find further evidence of this problem in an unexpected place: Governor Cuomo's complete exclusion of Latino clergy from a letter!
In a news release today, the Governor put out a letter condemning white supremacy and hatred in light of the Charlottesville protesta and Trump's response. This was a good thing, except for a small omission --- of the 132 clergy who signed on the letter, there was not a single Latino listed! This, iff anything, highlights the Governor's continuing lack of attention and involvement with the state's Latino community. After all, Latino clergy? We got plenty!
Hayduk  Latinos  Power_in_America  voting  politics  Political  Leadership  Political_leadership 
august 2017 by Jibarosoy
Is the next member of Congress a werewolf? Can you survive a lycanthrope's bite? There’s no silver bullet for winning an election!

Congresswolf is an interactive novel by Ellen Cooper, where your choices control the story. It's entirely text-based--140,000 words, without graphics or sound effects--and fueled by the vast, unstoppable power of your imagination.

"Democracy must be something more than two wolves and a sheep voting on what to have for dinner." -- James Bovard

When a werewolf murders your boss, you must step up to run a Congressional campaign all on your own. While werewolves, protestors, and worse--the media--lurk around every corner, you'll use everything you can to get your candidate elected.

Email servers? Tax returns? Who cares. Election-season secrets and October surprises are nothing compared to the possibility that your candidate might be a werewolf...or that you might become one yourself.
games  Simulations  Passions  reasoning  Teaching  Learning  congress  politics  Power_in_America 
august 2017 by Jibarosoy
NiLP Guest Commentary: Bottom-Up Politics of Latino Elected Officials
Yet, patterns of underrepresentation persist for all racial minority groups at all levels of government.  Our book title reminds the reader that creating greater access to the U.S. political system has historically been a contested project, with people of color fighting disenfranchisement, exclusion, and marginalization in American politics.  Such fights continue - a case in point is a conservative U.S. Supreme Court dismantling much of the effectiveness of the Voting Rights Act, whose protections vaulted people of color to elected office.  Hence, demographic change may be transforming our nation's political landscape, but the transformative results remain open to question and challenge
Hayduk  Latinos_+_TW  politics  Leadership  Power_in_America  elections  voting 
august 2017 by Jibarosoy
The psychology of being a sports fan | The Seattle Times
“Our research has shown that the No. 1 reason people become fans is that it’s your connection to your first community,’’ said Adam Earnhardt, chairman of the communications department at Youngstown State University and co-author of “Sports Fans, Identity and Socialization: Exploring the Fandemonium.”

“I don’t care if a Seattle fan moves to China, he or she carries with them their love for the sports teams,” he said. “That identity is first and foremost.”

In that sense, your favorite team can serve the same purpose as church and family: Fostering a sense of belonging. And when a team begins to catch fire, as with, say, the Mariners in ’95 or the Seahawks of recent vintage, well, it’s easy to get swept up in the wave.
Passions  reasoning  nations  state  politics  Psychology  teaching_pol_theory 
august 2017 by Jibarosoy
Why – And How – Modern American Politicians Talk about God and Religion | Scholars Strategy Network
Politicians in the United States have always talked about religion. In the nation’s very first inaugural address, President George Washington offered “fervent supplications to that Almighty Being who rules over the universe.” Remarkably, however, religious talk in American politics actually escalated in the late 20th century, even as the public’s engagement with traditional religion was waning. As new religiously motivated voting blocs emerged, politicians adjusted their rhetoric and actions accordingly. Religious political talk became assertive – and remains prominent to the present day.

Religion as a Political Signal

As they craft public messages, politicians in a democracy have to be attuned to the citizenry. If an especially attractive voting bloc might be within reach, savvy politicians will appeal to it with actions – or more simply, with words. Invoking religion is a straightforward way for politicians to signal alignment with, or direct support for, groups of religious believers. As a growing body of research reveals, even subtle religious cues transmitted during a political campaign can affect voter attitudes about candidates. Clearly, interest groups, political leaders, and certain segments of the public listen carefully to how politicians talk about religion – or fail to do so. This fact was brought home in 2010 to Barack Obama, when the Prayer Caucus in Congress wrote him an open letter criticizing him for not mentioning God often enough in his speeches.

The signaling aspect of religious talk does not mean that politicians are disingenuous when they talk about religious faith, including their own. Nevertheless, current U.S. political realities create incentives for politicians to think carefully about how and when they might talk about their faith – and how doing so could be politically advantageous.
Passions  reasoning  teaching_pol_theory  politics  Latino  war  communications  Political  Leadership 
july 2017 by Jibarosoy
How Do Rulers Choose? Dual Domains of Discretion in Political Decision Making
This paper investigates the factors that drive ruler decision making under democracy. By dividing politicians’ actions into two distinct domains and exploring their compositions we construct a fuller and more realistic picture of politician decision making. In the non- discretionary domain, the politician’s actions are clearly limited by voter desires; in the discretionary domain the politician is free to make choices as he chooses without voter repercussions. Standard neoclassical models of political behavior suggest that when votes don’t matter, monetary income drives ruler behavior. While monetary pursuit may explain some ruler decisions, it leaves many other observed choices unexplained. Our non- discretionary/discretionary dichotomy highlights the up-to-now neglected role that psychic income plays in explaining otherwise unexplained ruler decisions. The case studies considered support this view.
Latino  war  state  Leadership  rulers  Power_materials  politics 
july 2017 by Jibarosoy
HANSARD 1803–2005
This site has been produced from digitised editions of Commons and Lords Hansard, the Official Report of debates in Parliament. This was part of a project led by the Commons and Lords libraries.

There's the Hansard text itself by volume, Lords sittings, Commons sittings and Westminster Hall sittings as well as Written Answers, Written Statements, Lords reports and Grand Committee reports. This site also includes extracted lists of People who are recorded as having spoken, Constituencies, Offices, Acts, Bills and Divisions.
government  history  politics  database  Power_materials  Leadership  war  state 
july 2017 by Jibarosoy
Immigration and the New Racial Diversity in Rural America
This article highlights the new racial and ethnic diversity in rural America, which may be the most important but least anticipated population shift in recent demographic history. Ethnoracial change is central to virtually every aspect of rural America over the foreseeable future: agro-food systems, community life, labor force change, economic development, schools and schooling, demographic change, intergroup relations, and politics. The goal here is to plainly illustrate how America’s racial and ethnic transformation has emerged as an important dimension of ongoing U.S. urbanization and urbanism, growing cultural and economic heterogeneity, and a putative “decline in community” in rural America. Rural communities provide a natural laboratory for better understanding the implications of uneven settlement and racial diversity, acculturation, and economic and political incorporation among Hispanic newcomers. This article raises the prospect of a new racial balkanization and outlines key impediments to full incorporation of Hispanics into rural and small town community life. Immigration and the new ethnoracial diversity will be at the leading edge of major changes in rural community life as the nation moves toward becoming a majority-minority society by 2042.
Latino  Latinos  Latino_achievements  Hayduk  demographics  Economics  Political  politics 
july 2017 by Jibarosoy
The Book That Predicted Trump’s Rise Offers the Left a Roadmap for Defeating Him
This disengagement from practical politics “produces theoretical hallucinations,” he added. “The cultural Left is haunted by ubiquitous specters, the most frightening of which is called ‘power.’” This obsession with power elicited scathing words:

In its Foucauldian usage, the term “power” denotes an agency which has left an indelible stain on every word in our language and on every institution. It is always already there, and cannot be spotted coming or going … Only interminable individual and social self-analysis, and perhaps not even that, can help us escape from the infinitely fine meshes of its invisible web.

The Ubiquity of Foucaldian power is reminiscent of the ubiquity of Satan, and thus of the ubiquity of original sin—that diabolical stain on every human soul …. in committing itself to what it calls “theory,” this Left has gotten something which is entirely too much like religion. For the cultural Left has come to believe that we must place our country within a theoretical frame of reference, situate it within a vast quasi-cosmological perspective.
Latino  war  Passions  reasoning  Power_in_America  Violence_y_Power  Leadership  presidents  Political  politics 
july 2017 by Jibarosoy
The Dumb Politics of Elite Condescension - The New York Times
But something is seriously off when privileged whites dismiss the economic pain of less privileged whites on grounds that those other whites have white privilege. Everyone should have access to good housing and good jobs. That’s the point.

Two changes are required for Democrats to diminish the 39-point margin by which whites without college degrees voted for Mr. Trump over Hillary Clinton.

This first concerns social honor. Too often in otherwise polite society, elites (progressives emphatically included) unselfconsciously belittle working-class whites. We hear talk of “trailer trash” in “flyover states” afflicted by “plumber’s butt” — open class insults that pass for wit. This condescension affects political campaigns, as in Hillary Clinton’s comment about “deplorables” and Barack Obama’s about people who “cling to guns or religion.”
Trump  Obama  inequality  racism  Power_in_America  politics  GOP 
july 2017 by Jibarosoy
The real reason working-class whites continue to support Trump - The Washington Post
“So much of Donald Trump’s politics is symbolic,” Gest explained. “They’re symbolic in the sense that this is what people want to hear and if it doesn’t get done, it’s almost beside the point because he’s elevating the prerogatives of his constituents to the national stage after having been relegated to the fringes of American politics for decades.”

[Working-class whites can’t handle their status as ‘the new minority’]

“When Donald Trump went up in Cleveland and said messianically,’I am your voice,’ that’s precisely what people heard,” Gest continued. “The sense of having a voice suddenly, after feeling voiceless for so long is powerful. It’s not in their cultural interests to vote against him, no matter how little he has delivered to actually help them in any kind of material way.”
Trump  GOP  Passions  reasoning  inequality  work  class  politics  Power_in_America 
july 2017 by Jibarosoy
Do You Use Your Head or Follow Your Heart? Self-Location Predicts Personality, Emotion, Decision Making, and Performance
The head is thought to be rational and cold, whereas the heart is thought to be emotional and warm. Eight studies (total N = 725) pursued the idea that such body metaphors are widely consequential. Study 1 introduced a novel individual difference variable, one asking people to locate the self in the head or the heart. Irrespective of sex differences, head-locators characterized themselves as rational, logical, and interpersonally cold, whereas heart-locators characterized themselves as emotional, feminine, and interpersonally warm (Studies 1–3). Study 4 found that head-locators were more accurate in answering general knowledge questions and had higher GPAs and Study 5 found that heart-locators were more likely to favor emotional over rational considerations in moral decision-making. Study 6 linked self-locations to reactivity phenomena in daily life –e.g., heart-locators experienced greater negative emotion on high stressor days. Study 7 manipulated attention to the head versus the heart and found that head-pointing facilitated intellectual performance, whereas heart-pointing led to emotional decision-making. Study 8 replicated Study 3’s findings with a nearly year-long delay between the self-location and outcome measures. The findings converge on the importance of head-heart metaphors for understanding individual differences in cognition, emotion, and performance.
Passions  reasoning  Psychology  questioning  politics  Political  teaching_pol_theory 
june 2017 by Jibarosoy
The Intelligence of Emotions: Philosopher Martha Nussbaum on How Storytelling Rewires Us and Why Befriending Our Neediness Is Essential for Happiness – Brain Pickings
A lot is at stake in the decision to view emotions in this way, as intelligent responses to the perception of value. If emotions are suffused with intelligence and discernment, and if they contain in themselves an awareness of value or importance, they cannot, for example, easily be sidelined in accounts of ethical judgment, as so often they have been in the history of philosophy. Instead of viewing morality as a system of principles to be grasped by the detached intellect, and emotions as motivations that either support or subvert our choice to act according to principle, we will have to consider emotions as part and parcel of the system of ethical reasoning. We cannot plausibly omit them, once we acknowledge that emotions include in their content judgments that can be true or false, and good or bad guides to ethical choice. We will have to grapple with the messy material of grief and love, anger and fear, and the role these tumultuous experiences play in thought about the good and the just.
Passions  reasoning  Political  politics  teaching_pol_theory 
june 2017 by Jibarosoy
Emails Released by Mayor de Blasio’s Office Detail Reliance on Outside ‘Agents’ - The New York Times
The emails, released in response to a Freedom of Information Law request, totaled more than 1,550 pages and date to the first days of Mr. de Blasio’s tenure, in early 2014, through April 2015.

They reveal a City Hall in regular contact with public relations firms over the minutia of press strategy: whether to remove a fence to make a better backdrop for an event in Harlem; a lengthy discussion of how to discredit rival cities in a bid to host the Democratic National Convention in Brooklyn; whether to solicit a politician to speak with a reporter.
Fair  Latino  mayor  new  york  city  urban  politics  inequality  power_materials  latino_war 
december 2016 by Jibarosoy
The Walls in Our Heads - The New York Times
Amid the optimism of 1989, the fall of the Berlin Wall should surely have marked the apogee of wall building, to be replaced by the free movement of ideas across national lines, exemplified by the nascent World Wide Web — in Thomas L. Friedman’s words, “the walls came down, and the Windows came up.” But today, there are actually more border walls than during the most tense periods of the Cold War. Rather than becoming more “flat,” in Mr. Friedman’s telling, the world increasingly looks like a steeplechase course.

According to the geographer Elisabeth Vallet, there are more than 50 border walls (using the word broadly) in the world today; 15 were built last year alone. These range from the 600-mile barrier Saudi Arabia is constructing along its border with Iraq as an anti-Islamic State measure to the sturdy, 13-foot-high fence backed with razor wire that Hungary has erected along its borders with Croatia and Serbia to stem the flow of migrants to the “separation barrier” built by Israe
Trump  Metaphors  politics  state  power_materials  pol  11  presidents  leadership 
december 2016 by Jibarosoy
An Exit, Voice, and Loyalty Model of Politics
Political scientists typically develop different models to examine distinct political phenomena such as lobby- ing, protests, elections, and conflict. These specific models can provide important insights into a particular event, process, or outcome of interest. In this article, we take a different tack. Rather than focus on the speci- ficities of a given political phenomenon, we construct a model that captures the key elements common to most political situations. Our model represents a reformulation and extension of Albert Hirschman’s famous Exit, Voice, and Loyalty framework. To highlight the value that comes from focusing on the commonalities that exist across apparently disparate political phenomena, we apply our model to several issues in the de- mocratization literature related to modernization theory, the political resource curse, inequality, foreign aid, and economic performance.
state  politics  latino  war  proposal  theory  power_materials  pol  185  latino_war 
december 2016 by Jibarosoy
The Daily 202: Trump’s pollster says he ran a ‘post-ideological’ campaign - The Washington Post
All three people who ran the Trump campaign noted, to varying degrees, the billionaire’s lack of a fixed ideology. While his rivals for the nomination were playing multi-dimensional chess, Trump kept winning by playing checkers. In retrospect, there is something so skillfully simple about a message that defied easy categorization. He could never be placed in one of the “lanes” operatives talk so much about: tea party, establishment, social conservative, libertarian or hawk.

Corey Lewandowski: “We didn’t have a traditional campaign of coalitions. It was the same message for everybody: … ‘I’m going to make America great again.’ … With all due respect to Jeb (Bush), he had three of four different launches. There was Jeb 2.0, Jeb 2.5 (and) Jeb 3.0. We just stuck on the same message the entire time. It was so simplistic, and it didn’t target any specific demographic. … We didn’t have this notion where, ‘We have to go win evangelicals in South Carolina to be successful.’”
Trump  politics  power  in  America  GOP  democracy  leadership 
december 2016 by Jibarosoy
Why this Maine town pivoted from Obama to Trump | Portside
In some ways, Trump’s lack of specifics helped. Whatever he does, it’s sure to be different. The townspeople felt they knew what they’d be getting with Clinton: Four, or even eight, more years of the same. And the last eight years haven’t been good to Mexico, a town of about 2,700 residents, down from more than 5,000 in 1960.

People are moving away because there aren’t enough jobs. The economic uncertainty has brought desperation and empty storefronts and opiates, too. More people seem to be on welfare or live in subsidized housing, and that frustrates those who stayed in town because it’s familiar, and mostly quiet and pretty in autumn.

Dana Richardson, who was tending an empty bar, Tommy Guns Pit Stop, at lunchtime last week, said most people he talks to in town wanted change. It’s an interesting argument because Obama won on a message of hope and change eight years ago. Whatever change happened, though, hasn’t reached Mexico. Or maybe people just didn’t like the change they saw.
GOP  Trump  politics  latino  war  proposal  power  in  America  latino_war 
november 2016 by Jibarosoy
Revenge of the Forgotten Class | Portside
“To have lives be sacrificed because of corporate greed and warmongering, it’s too much for me — and I realize I don’t have all the facts — that there’s just too much sidestepping on her. I don’t trust her. I don’t think that — I know there’s casualties of war in conflict, I’m a big girl, I know that. But I lived my life with no secrets. There’s no shame in the truth. There’s mistakes made. We all grow. She’s a mature woman and she should know that. You don’t email your fucking daughter when you’re a leader. Leaders need to make decisions, they need to be focused. You don’t hide stuff.

“That’s why I like Trump,” she continued. “He’s not perfect. He’s a human being. We all make mistakes. We can all change our mind. We get educated, but once you have the knowledge, you still have to go with your gut.”
GOP  class  race  racism  Obama  politics  elections  president  leadership  latino  war  proposal  power  in  America  latino_war 
november 2016 by Jibarosoy
My Journey to the Center of the Alt-Right - The Huffington Post
White nationalists rejoiced. Most realized that the chances of Trump being a true believer were slim, but he sounded more like one of them than any major presidential candidate in their lifetimes. They’d been laboring for years to widen the Overton window—a term for the range of acceptable political discussion—and now Trump had put his fist through the damn thing. “Trump has opened up space for a new kind of discourse,” Spencer told me. “He’s opened up space for talking about nationalism.”
racism  state  GOP  latino  war  proposal  violence_y_power  power  politics  conservative  conspiracy  latino_war 
november 2016 by Jibarosoy
Documents on US diplomacy, Dem Nat Com, Hillary, Saudi cables
latino  war  proposal  state  intelligence  archives  politics  terrorism  latino_war 
october 2016 by Jibarosoy
Why I’m Voting for Trump
Listen: We can’t figure this out like this but until we figure out a better way to communicate I’m voting my gut. My gut tells me this is the best thing for us all. You can’t convince me otherwise this time but maybe next time you can respect my place and I’ll respect yours and we can start talking. Maybe that’s where we’re headed. Until then, what can this guy do that’s any worse than what the rest of those DC clowns have done?
Trump  GOP  power  in  America  state  politics  inequality 
october 2016 by Jibarosoy
Play | Nation States | Games for Change
NationStates is a free nation simulation game. Build a nation and run it according to your own warped political ideals. Create a Utopian paradise for society’s less fortunate or a totalitarian corporate police state. Care for your people or deliberately oppress them. Join the World Assembly or remain a rogue state. It’s up to you.
simulations  Pol  11  state  Pol._202_Nation_State_  nations  teaching  politics  games 
february 2016 by Jibarosoy
Nationstates - An introduction to the government simulation game
Nationstates is what is know as a government simulation game. Created by author Max Barry and released on the 13th of November 2002, it tasks the player with running their own nation and solving various issues that may occur, such as funding the defense or health departments and whether or not to allow public nudity. Whilst there aren't a massive number of features, aside from dealing with issues and forming alliances with other nations, this title offers roleplayers (such as myself) an immerse experience that allows you to plan your government, political policies, military forces and even your shipping laws on cargo pants down to the finest detail.
simulations  online  politics  power_materials  games  Pol  11 
february 2016 by Jibarosoy
Political Position and Social Knowledge
The nature of social cognition—how we ‘‘know about’’ the social world—is one of the most deceptively obvious problems for sociology. Because we know what we know, we often think that we know how or why we know it. Here, we investigate one particular aspect of social cognition, namely, what we will call ‘‘political ideology’’—that is, people’s self-placement on a dimension on which persons can be arrayed from left to right. We focus on that understanding that is in some ways the ‘‘ur-form’’ of social cognition—our sense of how we stand by others in an implicit social formation whose meaning is totally relational. At the same time, these self-conceptions seem to be of the greatest importance for the development of the polity and of civil society itself. Our question is, when citizens develop such a ‘‘political ideology,’’ what does this mean, and what do they do with it? We examine what citizens gain from their subjective placement on the dimension from liberalism to conservatism by usin
politics  methods  theory  pol  theory  power_in_america  latino  war  proposal  state  latino_war 
february 2016 by Jibarosoy
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