Jibarosoy + democracy   32

Patterns of Regime Breakdown since the French Revolution
We present a new dataset comprising more than 1900 regimes in 197 polities over the time period 1789–2016. We use this dataset to describe different historical patterns of regime duration globally, leveraging fine-grained measures on when regimes started and ended and a nuanced scheme of different modes of regime breakdown. To mention a few patterns, we display how the frequency of regime breakdown, and particular modes of breakdown, have followed cyclical rather than linear patterns across modern history and that the most common modes, overall, are coups d’ ́etat and incumbent-guided transformations of regimes. Further, we evaluate whether selected economic and political-institutional features are systematically associated with breakdown. We find robust evidence that low income levels, slow or negative economic growth, and having intermediate levels of democracy predict higher chances of regime breakdown, although these factors are more clearly related to regime breakdown during some periods of modern history than others. When disaggregating different models of breakdown, we find notable differences for these predictors, with low income levels, for example, being strongly related to regime breakdowns due to popular uprisings, whereas intermediate levels of democracy clearly predict regime breakdowns due to coups and incumbent-guided regime transitions.
Latino  war  state  Power_materials  Leadership  legitimacy  rulers  Violence_y_Power  democracy 
7 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
Keeping the Democratic Facade_Contemporary Autocratization as a game of deception
Less than thirty years after Fukuyama and others declared liberal democracy’s eternal dominance, a third wave of autocratization is manifest. Gradual declines of democratic regime attributes characterize contemporary autocratization. Yet, we lack the appropriate conceptual and empirical tools to diagnose and compare such elusive processes. Addressing that gap, this paper provides the first comprehensive empirical overview of all autocratization episodes from 1900 to today based on data from the Varieties of Democracy Project (V-Dem). We demonstrate that a third wave of autocratization is indeed unfolding. It mainly affects democracies with gradual setbacks under a legal façade. While this is a cause for concern, the historical perspective presented in this paper shows that panic is not warranted: the current declines are relatively mild and the global share of democratic countries remains close to its all-time high. As it was premature to announce the “end of history” in 1992, it is premature to proclaim the “end of democracy” now.
Latino  war  state  Power_materials  Leadership  legitimacy  fear  rulers  Violence_y_Power  democracy 
7 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
Reports of U.S. Democracy's Death Have Been Greatly Exaggerated | Essay | Zócalo Public Square
Before I looked at conscription I looked at taxation. Of Rule and Revenue (published in 1988) started with trying to understand why tax systems look so different across countries and across eras. I started in ancient Rome and ended in contemporary Australia. I thought my answer was going to have to do with economic transaction costs. But it turns out that the major issue was political transaction costs. That is, no ruler can really force everyone to pay up. They can’t have a fed under every bed, and it doesn’t matter how much they use the military or the police. They need to get what I call “quasi-voluntary compliance,” where people feel like they have some obligation to pay but they will do so only under certain conditions. Those conditions include the trustworthiness or reliability of the government. There has to be some confidence that the government is trying to keep its promises. There has to be some belief that the process by which the policy was made is fair according to the norms of the place, which can vary a lot. And people have to believe that government will enforce the rules against those who don’t comply; no one wants to be a sucker, one of the few paying taxes or signing up for military service in a full-blown war.
Latino  war  state  legitimacy  fear  Leadership  Trump  Power_materials  democracy 
may 2019 by Jibarosoy
Aristotle: Politics | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
In his Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle (384-322 B.C.E.) describes the happy life intended for man by nature as one lived in accordance with virtue, and, in his Politics, he describes the role that politics and the political community must play in bringing about the virtuous life in the citizenry.

The Politics also provides analysis of the kinds of political community that existed in his time and shows where and how these cities fall short of the ideal community of virtuous citizens.
pol.505  philosophy  teaching_pol_theory  Political  state  democracy  Power_materials 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
How Did the Constitution Become America’s Authoritative Text?
An intellectual historian of America’s founding period, Gienapp is particularly concerned with how the Constitution became an authoritative document in the early years of the Republic. “What kind of an instrument was it?” he asks. Was it intended to be a law, a treaty, or a statute? Was it limited to the powers that it enumerated, or was it meant to convey implied powers? Was it intended to be applied via a process of “excavation,” with lawmakers mining the original text, or “invention,” with lawmakers taking their cues as time and context demanded from the spirit of the founding document? Ultimately, Gienapp shows us, the arguments for excavation and invention converged, a trend that culminated in the debate over the 1795 Jay Treaty between the United States and Britain, which sought to resolve issues lingering from the Revolutionary War. According to Gienapp, the terms of that debate bestowed upon the Constitution an unprecedented “fixed” and “sacred” status—one that, the author contends, we continue to honor to this day.
pol.185  constitution  Power_in_America  law  democracy  Pol.12 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
Plato and the Disaster of Democracy
Plato’s description of a democracy is rather thought provoking. It gives us pause and forces us to examine our own government. Could it be true that our leaders are the bullies and the political tyrants that Plato describes? Does democracy lead to entangling wars for the benefit of the ruling class? And are the people so subjugated by senseless laws and stiff taxes, that they are unable to resist in any meaningful way? Perhaps. History has shown a consistent pattern of subjugation, revolution and subjugation once again.
pol.505  state  democracy  Violence_y_Power  philosophy  Trump  authority 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
Michael Wolff’s ‘Fire and Fury’: Inside Trump’s White House
Even though the numbers in a few key states had appeared to be changing to Trump’s advantage, neither Conway nor Trump himself nor his son-in-law, Jared Kushner — the effective head of the campaign — ­wavered in their certainty: Their unexpected adventure would soon be over. Not only would Trump not be president, almost everyone in the campaign agreed, he should probably not be. Conveniently, the former conviction meant nobody had to deal with the latter issue.

As the campaign came to an end, Trump himself was sanguine. His ultimate goal, after all, had never been to win. “I can be the most famous man in the world,” he had told his aide Sam Nunberg at the outset of the race. His longtime friend Roger Ailes, the former head of Fox News, liked to say that if you want a career in television, first run for president. Now Trump, encouraged by Ailes, was floating rumors about a Trump network. It was a great future. He would come out of this campaign, Trump assured Ailes, with a far more powerful brand and untold opportunities.
Trump  Pol.11  Pol.12  Leadership  state  democracy  Power_in_America  Latino  war  fear 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
Why Americans Don't Vote in the Midterm Elections - The Atlantic
The great myth of America’s participatory democracy is that people actually participate. In the 2016 election—the controversial, generation-defining 2016 election—61 percent of voting-age citizens cast a ballot, according to census data. And that was a presidential year. The last time America held midterm elections, 42 percent of voting-age citizens participated. This has been the trend for midterms for at least the past four decades: Turnout hovers at or below half of voting-age citizens.
Pol.11  democracy  voting  elections  Power_in_America  state  legitimacy 
november 2018 by Jibarosoy
Thousands At Risk From Rightwing Push to Purge Eligible Voters From US Rolls | Portside
Luis’s data had been released by the group, along with hundreds of other names, as an appendix to Pilf’s two-part report called “Alien Invasion”. The front cover showed a UFO hovering ominously over a billboard on which the famous tourism slogan “Virginia is for lovers” had been photoshopped to read: “Virginia is for aliens”.

In lurid language, Pilf claimed that it had uncovered proof that “large numbers of ineligible aliens are registering to vote and casting ballots”. It warned its readers: “Your vote is at risk. New alien voters are being added to the rolls month after month, and swift changes must be made to ensure that only Americans are choosing American leaders.”

The only problem was that Luis, in common with dozens of other Virginians on the list posted by Pilf, was not in fact an “alien”. He was born in Los Angeles and has always enjoyed US citizenship, with full rights to vote since the age of 18.
voting  elections  Trump  Latinos_+_TW  Power_in_America  democracy 
october 2018 by Jibarosoy
Philosophy at 3 a.m. - News - Hamilton College
 As part of the Hamilton College Summer Program in Philosophy (HCSPiP), students from Hamilton and institutions across the country are taking part in a roleplay exercise for their class “Democracy in Athens.”

With names like Thrasybulus, Meletus, Aristocles, and Xenophon, the students transformed the classroom into an Athenian assembly in 403 B.C.E, taking part in a lively debate over the enactment of a new law.

The next 90 minutes go by in a blur. After sacrificing a “pig” and making a prayer to the gods, the 20 philosophy students take turns passionately defending or condemning the proposed law. A heated debate follows as the session moves into an open discussion.

“Athens must be a feared force in the Greek world again!” one student shouts. “Are we not a democracy? Who are we if we leave justice in the hands of the gods?”
RTTP  democracy  honors  Teaching  myth  exercises 
september 2018 by Jibarosoy
The Wisdom Of Crowds--In Ancient Greece
How did Athenians do that much better than more hierarchical and authoritarian rivals in Sparta and elsewhere? Ober provides a good review of how 8,000 Athenians met about twice a month to opine, jeer and debate public policy in a no-holds-barred, open-air assembly. Decrees and public actions were publicly posted. Popular courts involved thousands in the minutiae of civil and criminal cases. Hundreds of offices were filled by random lot. That ensured that even the poor exercised some responsibility. Majestic public architecture at Athens facilitated the physical challenges involved in a mass exchange of ideas. Frequent festivals and dramatic presentations ensured collective familiarly with a common Athenian mythology and ethos.

As proof of all this, Ober also demonstrates well that the city of Athens and its surrounding territory of Attica only became truly superior to most other city-states during the two-century life of democracy in the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. This period after Cleisthenes brought unusual prosperity and success compared to the oligarchy and tyranny that had came before--and would reappear afterward in the guise of Macedonian and then Roman subjugation of Athens. The sheer number of informed citizens also explains why classical Athenian culture often surpassed that of other city-states such as non-democratic Corinth, Thebes and Sparta. Such oligarchies may have had as many natural resources and as large a population, but often lacked Athens' unique political advantages.
honors  teaching_pol_theory  democracy  SON  state  Power_materials  political_theory  civilization 
august 2018 by Jibarosoy
The Economic Rise and Political Fall of Classical Greece
The following two chapters are adapted from a book in progress that pulls together some work I have been doing on classical Greek political thought and practice over the last 30 years, and sets it within an economic framework defined by “New Institutional Economics.” The book documents and explains the economic development of the Greek world in 800-300 BCE. This was a period of intense and sustained efflorescence, as the term is used by Jack Goldstone (2002): a extended period of intensive (per capita) and extensive (demographic) growth, accompanied by a sharp uptick in cultural achievement. Efflorescence is characterized by more people living at a higher level of welfare and by more culture at a higher level. Some of the evidence that the period 800-300 was an era of exceptional efflorescence, and a hypothetical explanation for that efflorescence was offered in Ober 2010. In a nutshell, the argument is that (1) this era saw unusually high levels (by premodern standards) of both demographic and per capita income growth, (2) Greek economic development was driven by political development. In the book I add (3) political development led to political fall -- i.e. the loss of independence of the Greek city- states to Macedonian and then Roman imperial states. Explaining why and how the Greek ecology of small states got so relatively wealthy and for so long seems particularly important insofar as Hellas is an exceptionally well documented and extensive small state ecology – and thus offers a counterpoint to recent work done on ancient empires
honors  civilization  inequality  teaching_pol_theory  political_theory  state  democracy  Power_materials 
august 2018 by Jibarosoy
A Discussion of Josiah Ober's The Rise and Fall of Classical Greece | Political Science Now
Ancient Greece has long exercised a powerful hold on the imagination of modern political science. But until fairly recently, this influence has largely been philosophical, related to the origins of many theoretical concepts—including the concept of politics itself—in the ancient world. In The Rise and Fall of Classical Greece, Josiah Ober offers a synoptic and ambitious social theoretical account of the ancient Greek world, the sources of its power, the causes of its decline, and the lessons that can be drawn from this story for contemporary social and political science. We have thus invited a range of political scientists to comment on Ober’s account of classical Greece and its relevance to contemporary political inquiry.
honors  civilization  state  democracy  teaching_pol_theory  political_theory  inequality 
august 2018 by Jibarosoy
Josiah Ober | Economic Lessons From Ancient Greece | Foreign Affairs
Among the remarkable features of the ancient economy of democratic Athens was the relatively low level of income inequality. Athens was home to many foreign “guest workers” and Athenians employed large numbers of slaves. But even taking slaves and foreigners into account, the distribution of Athenian income was much less unequal than in most premodern societies. Athenian wages for non-skilled laborers were high—comparable to the wages being paid in the most advanced economy of early modern Europe, Holland during its seventeenth century Golden Age. Athens’ Inequality Extraction Ratio, a measure based on estimating the maximum feasible level of inequality for a given society, devised by a team led by Branko Milanovic (former lead research economist at the World Bank), is lower than that for any other premodern economy for which data is available. Although we do not have data to measure the Inequality Extraction Ratio for other ancient Greek states, nutritional evidence gleaned from the scientific study of bones and studies of comparative house sizes are consistent with a historically low level of inequality. As Milanovic and other economists have long pointed out, there is a strong correlation between relatively low inequality and robust and sustained economic growth. 
civilization  state  honors  teaching_pol_theory  political_theory  inequality  reasoning  democracy 
august 2018 by Jibarosoy
Opinion | Is the United States Too Big to Govern? - The New York Times
But here’s another possibility: What if trust in American democracy is eroding because the nation has become too big to be effectively governed through traditional means? With a population of more than 325 million and an enormously complex society, perhaps this country has passed a point where — no matter whom we elect — it risks becoming permanently dissatisfied with legislative and governmental performance.

Political thinkers, worried about the problem of size, have long advocated small republics. Plato and Aristotle admired the city-state because they thought reason and virtue could prevail only when a polis was small enough that citizens could be acquaintances. Montesquieu, the 18th-century French political philosopher, picked up where the ancient Greeks left off, arguing for the benefits of small territories. “In a large republic,” he wrote, “the common good is sacrificed to a thousand considerations,” whereas in a smaller one the common good “is more strongly felt, better known, and closer to each citizen.”
pol.639  Society  demographics  government  democracy  Power_materials  Power_in_America 
may 2018 by Jibarosoy
Bribery, Cooperation, and the Evolution of Prosocial Institutions - Evonomics
There is nothing natural [1] about democracy. There is nothing natural about living in communities with complete strangers. There is nothing natural about large-scale anonymous cooperation. Yet, this morning, I bought a coffee from Starbucks with no fear of being poisoned or cheated. I caught a train on London’s underground packed with people I’ve never met before and will probably never meet again. If we were commuting chimps in a space that small, it would have been a scene out of the latest Planet of the Apes by the time we reached Holborn station. We’ll return to this mystery in a moment.
IPE  pol.639  democracy  Pol._185  state  Power_materials  Violence_y_Power  trust  Groups  SON  Pol.11  evolution  society  passions 
march 2018 by Jibarosoy
Capitalism Redefined : Democracy Journal
How can it be that great wealth is created on Wall Street with products like credit-default swaps that destroyed the wealth of ordinary Americans—and yet we count this activity as growth? Likewise, fortunes are made manufacturing food products that make Americans fatter, sicker, and shorter-lived. And yet we count this as growth too—including the massive extra costs of health care. Global warming creates more frequent hurricanes, which destroy cities and lives. Yet the economic activity to repair the damage ends up getting counted as growth as well.
capitalism  Economics  democracy  inequalities  Power_in_America  pol.639 
march 2018 by Jibarosoy
The Time I Got Recruited to Collude with the Russians - Lawfare
It is no overstatement to say that my conversations with Smith shocked me. Given the amount of media attention given at the time to the likely involvement of the Russian government in the DNC hack, it seemed mind-boggling for the Trump campaign—or for this offshoot of it—to be actively seeking those emails. To me this felt really wrong.

In my conversations with Smith and his colleague, I tried to stress this point: if this dark web contact is a front for the Russian government, you really don’t want to play this game. But they were not discouraged. They appeared to be convinced of the need to obtain Clinton’s private emails and make them public, and they had a reckless lack of interest in whether the emails came from a Russian cut-out. Indeed, they made it quite clear to me that it made no difference to them who hacked the emails or why they did so, only that the emails be found and made public before the election.

In the end, I never saw the actual materials they’d been given, and to this day, I don’t know whether there were genuine emails, or whether Smith and his associates were deluding themselves.
Trump  intelligence  state  democracy  Power_in_America  Violence_y_Power  president  elections 
july 2017 by Jibarosoy
About | V-Dem
Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) is a new approach to conceptualizing and measuring democracy. We provide a multidimensional and disaggregated dataset that reflects the complexity of the concept of democracy as a system of rule that goes beyond the simple presence of elections. The V-Dem project distinguishes between seven high-level principles of democracy: electoral, liberal, participatory, deliberative, egalitarian, majoritarian and consensual, and collects data to measure these principles. 

It is a collaboration among more than 50 scholars worldwide which is co-hosted by the Department of Political Science at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden; and the Kellogg Institute at the University of Notre Dame, USA. With four Principal Investigators (PIs), fifteen Project Managers (PMs) with special responsibility for issue areas, more than thirty Regional Managers (RMs), 170 Country Coordinators (CCs), Research Assistants, and 2,800 Country Experts (CEs), the V-Dem project is one of the largest social science data collection projects focusing on research.
political_science  Research  Pol._185  methods  database  democracy 
june 2017 by Jibarosoy
The Future of Passports and Citizenship by Investment
But, why are “bargain” passports not already available? From my own experience, as a West Indian, this is due to the fact that our political leaders often fear a dramatic influx of new voters. They feel safer appealing to natives than outsiders and worry that the electorate balance may be upset and cost them their seats in future elections.

Yet, many West Indian countries already have laws that limit the rights of new citizens (with particular regard to the right to run for public office). To date, none of these countries has figured out that citizenship without the right to vote is an easy solution. Once they twig onto this new category of citizenship, we may see a major drop in citizenship costs and a dramatic increase in the number of applicants.
state  latino  war  proposal  power_materials  pol  11  violence_y_power  leadership  democracy  travel  latino_war 
december 2016 by Jibarosoy
Has Western democracy become unstable? - The Washington Post
But is that enough? There are developed countries — Poland and Hungary, for example — that have had comparable checks and balances but may be moving away from democratic norms. What is the most important feature of a stable democracy? Certain institutions? Homogeneity of population? A strong legal system? Should we reconsider our assumption that developed democracies are inherently stable?
democracy  state  government  power_materials  latino  war  proposal  violence_y_power  latino_war 
december 2016 by Jibarosoy
How Stable Are Democracies? ‘Warning Signs Are Flashing Red’ - The New York Times
Mr. Mounk and Mr. Foa developed a three-factor formula to answer that question. Mr. Mounk thinks of it as an early-warning system, and it works something like a medical test: a way to detect that a democracy is ill before it develops full-blown symptoms.

The first factor was public support: How important do citizens think it is for their country to remain democratic? The second was public openness to nondemocratic forms of government, such as military rule. And the third factor was whether “antisystem parties and movements” — political parties and other major players whose core message is that the current system is illegitimate — were gaining support.

If support for democracy was falling while the other two measures were rising, the researchers marked that country “deconsolidating.” And they found that deconsolidation was the political equivalent of a low-grade fever that arrives the day before a full-blown case of the flu.
state  democracy  leadership  latino  war  proposal  power_materials  change  latino_war 
december 2016 by Jibarosoy
The Essential Hirschman
Complete book of Hirschman's essays...
"Hirschman’s prose is ever full of reminders that some basic insights came from a day and age in which the human scientist was free of the modern academy’s disciplines— which is why he had such an a ection for reading, rereading, and citing the classics. e experience of reading Hirschman is frequently to feel poised before a whole tradition of humanistic thought. As the twentieth century unfolded, fewer and fewer intellectuals were able to summon its breadth; our social sciences became increasingly carved into walled prov- inces called “disciplines.” Crossing them now o en seems forced or heavy handed—which is one reason why Hirschman’s ability to move across the frontiers of knowledge appear so e ortless, almost natural. "
state  economy  latino  war  proposal  power_materials  leadership  democracy  economics  latino_war 
december 2016 by Jibarosoy
The Daily 202: Trump’s pollster says he ran a ‘post-ideological’ campaign - The Washington Post
All three people who ran the Trump campaign noted, to varying degrees, the billionaire’s lack of a fixed ideology. While his rivals for the nomination were playing multi-dimensional chess, Trump kept winning by playing checkers. In retrospect, there is something so skillfully simple about a message that defied easy categorization. He could never be placed in one of the “lanes” operatives talk so much about: tea party, establishment, social conservative, libertarian or hawk.

Corey Lewandowski: “We didn’t have a traditional campaign of coalitions. It was the same message for everybody: … ‘I’m going to make America great again.’ … With all due respect to Jeb (Bush), he had three of four different launches. There was Jeb 2.0, Jeb 2.5 (and) Jeb 3.0. We just stuck on the same message the entire time. It was so simplistic, and it didn’t target any specific demographic. … We didn’t have this notion where, ‘We have to go win evangelicals in South Carolina to be successful.’”
Trump  politics  power  in  America  GOP  democracy  leadership 
december 2016 by Jibarosoy
DNC wants Sanders to get control of his supporters who are heckling Dem leaders
latino  war  proposal  state  power  in  America  leadership  democracy  violence_y_power  latino_war 
october 2016 by Jibarosoy
The Dog That Voted and Other Election Fraud Yarns | Mother Jones
The scandal of the photo ID laws, then, isn't so much that they give one party an advantage, or even that they affect minorities disproportionately. The scandal is that they knowingly target minorities. So even if the real-life effects of these laws are small, they're impairing civil rights that African Americans and others have spent decades fighting, and sometimes dying, for. This in turn means that something most of us thought was finally taboo—active suppression of minority votes—isn't really taboo after all. As Eric Holder put it in a speech earlier this year, there are those who fear that "some of the achievements that defined the civil rights movement now hang in the balance."
democracy  power  in  America  GOP  Latinos_+_TW  racism  inequality 
october 2016 by Jibarosoy
China Now Spends $125 Billion Per Year On Riot Gear And 'Stability Maintenance' - Business Insider
China's domestic security budget across all levels of government is 769 billion yuan ($125 billion) this year, more than the country officially plans to spend on its armed forces, and an increase of more than 200 billion yuan since 2010.

Billions of the internal security budget, which also covers mundane items such as food safety and running courts, is earmarked for "stability maintenance", a term used to justify arresting protesters and surveillance of dissidents.
state  latino  war  proposal  intelligence  data  violence_y_power  democracy  china  power_materials  latino_war 
july 2016 by Jibarosoy
Kissinger's "Salted Peanuts" and the Iraq War
This was the specific proposal on which Henry Kissinger commented in his September 10, 1969 memorandum. Kissinger's purpose here was to give the president a rationale for minimizing U.S. troop withdrawals under the latest redeployment plan, thus preserving the Nixon policy adopted that March. While acknowledging the antiwar opposition and upcoming demonstrations, Kissinger supplies Nixon with a number of arguments: that Vietnamization cannot "significantly reduce the pressures for an end to the war," that "withdrawals of U.S. troops will become like salted peanuts to the American public," that the withdrawals would encourage Hanoi," and more (see the document). Kissinger was so confident in his analysis that he reprinted the entire "salted peanuts" memorandum-at a time when it remained a classified document-in his 1979 memoir. (Note 8)
latino  war  proposal  violence_y_power  state  power_in_america  Pol._202_Nation_State_  democracy  latino_war 
february 2016 by Jibarosoy
Business Improvement Districts Ruin Neighborhoods | New Republic
Advocates for BIDs, which include conservative think tank The Manhattan Institute, as well as former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg, and the progressive current Mayor Bill de Blasio, argue that the safety and aesthetic improvements the BID undertakes benefit business in the first place. There’s some merit to advocates’ claims: A 2015 survey found that Hispanic-owned businesses in New York, which are suffering badly across the city, have fared better in areas closer to BIDs than other businesses.
Marp  urban  planning  democracy  Fair  Latino  QUEENS  mayor  new  york  city  jacksonheights  latino_war 
february 2016 by Jibarosoy
Mapping Occupation Force, Freedom, and the Army in Reconstruction
Mapping Occupation reorients our understanding of the Reconstruction that followed Confederate surrender by presenting new views of southern political space. It argues that U.S. power existed where the government could enforce its laws through the Army. Army installations formed the centers of patchwork zones of occupation. These zones were linked and extended by the southern rail network as the Army responded to political pressure and events on the ground. Mapping Occupation also visualizes the more limited areas from which black southerners could reach soldiers, highlighting the unequal geography of the Army and the civilians who used it to assert their rights. Viewers can use these maps as a guide through a complex period, a massive data source, and a first step in capturing the federal government's new reach into the countryside.
mapping  racism  race  democracy  demographics  data  inequality  latino  war  proposal  violence_y_power  latino_war 
february 2016 by Jibarosoy
Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens
Each of four theoretical traditions in the study of American politics—which can be characterized as theories of Majoritarian Electoral Democracy, Economic-Elite Domination, and two types of interest-group pluralism, Majoritarian Pluralism and Biased Pluralism—offers different predictions about which sets of actors have how much influence over public policy: average citizens; economic elites; and organized interest groups, mass-based or business-oriented. A great deal of empirical research speaks to the policy influence of one or another set of actors, but until recently it has not been possible to test these contrasting theoretical predictions against each other within a single statistical model. We report on an effort to do so, using a unique data set that includes measures of the key variables for 1,779 policy issues. Multivariate analysis indicates that economic elites and organized groups representing business interests have substantial independent impacts on U.S. government policy
pol  185  politics  inequality  democracy  power_in_america  latino  war  proposal  Hayduk  article  latino_war 
november 2015 by Jibarosoy
The scary lessons of Matt Bevin: What we can learn about American politics from the right wing’s destructive anti-Medicaid crusade - Salon.com
examining the 14 states that had at that time refused to expand Medicaid, Price and Eibner find that, “we project that fully expanding Medicaid eligibility could reduce mortality by 90,000 lives per year. The mortality reduction would be only 71,000 lives per year if fourteen states opted out of the expansion.” Research by Samuel Dickman and colleagues at Harvard and CUNY suggests that the failure to expand Medicaid will lead to 7,115 to 17,104 deaths, 712,037 additional people suffering from depression and 240,700 people with catastrophic medical bills. A recent Urban Institute study finds that “Six states would see their uninsured populations reduced by about 40 percent or more if they implemented the Medicaid expansion.” Full expansion would lead to 4.3 million people getting insurance and drama
inequality  GOP  power_materials  racism  democracy  Obama  Latinos_y_Eco_Crisis 
november 2015 by Jibarosoy

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