Jibarosoy + pol.11   217

Giants’ Improvement Plan Hits a Snag - The New York Times
When Daniel Jones was in high school, his mother, Becca, would ask him what he was going to do that day.

“Get better,” he would tell her every time she’d ask.

It became a running joke in the family, but Jones likes speaking things into existence.
Pol.11  Pol.12  MINDSET  Teaching  Learning  Sports 
7 days ago by Jibarosoy
How To Play - Urgent Evoke
You are about to tackle real problems
food security
energy
water security
disaster relief
poverty
pandemic
education
human rights

Welcome to the Evoke Network.
Welcome to your crash course in changing the world.

What's an "evoke"?

There's an old saying here: "If you have a problem, and you can't solve it alone, evoke it."

When we evoke, we look for creative solutions.
We use whatever resources we have.
We get as many people involved as possible.
We take risks.
We come up with ideas that have never been tried before.

An evoke is an urgent call to innovation.
Evoking first started in Africa, but it can happen anywhere.


For the next 10 weeks, we will evoke together.

Every Wednesday at midnight, the network will send out a new evoke.

How to respond to an urgent evoke:
1. Read the story
2. Investigate the story
3. Accept your mission
Pol.11  Simulations  games  Teaching 
13 days ago by Jibarosoy
Trump boasts about ordering Iran strike while reporters watch: ‘You’d have a nice, big story to report’ – Raw Story
The president referred to the fact that he has previously been accused of wanting to plunge the country into war before praising himself for his self-restraint.

That led to an extended riff by the president on the damage he could inflict on Iran.

“The easiest thing I could do would be, ‘Go ahead, fellas, go do it,'” Trump said of the Pentagon. “And that would be a very bad day for Iran. That’s the easiest thing I could do, it’s so easy. And for all of those that say, ‘Oh, they should do it, it shows weakness,’ actually, in my opinion, it shows strength.”

“Because the easiest thing I could do, ‘Okay, go ahead knock out 15 different major things in Iran.’ I could do that and it’s all set to go. But I’m not looking to do that if I can,” he continued. “I think I’ve changed a lot of minds.”
Pol.11  Pol.12  Power_materials  Violence_y_Power  Trump  war 
24 days ago by Jibarosoy
Biden Wants to Work With ‘the Other Side.’ This Supreme Court Battle Explains Why. - The New York Times
The strategy Chairman Biden deployed then is the same one he is now proposing to bring to the White House as President Biden.

In the 1980s, as today, he saw bipartisan compromise not as a version of surrender, but as a vital tool for achieving Democratic goals.

Then, as now, Mr. Biden saw the culture and traditions of the Senate not as crippling obstacles, but as instruments that could be bent to his advantage.

And in both defining moments — his leadership of the Bork hearings and his third presidential campaign — Mr. Biden made persuading moderates, rather than exciting liberals, his guiding objective.
Pol.11  Pol.12  Power_in_America  Power_materials  Research  Leadership 
5 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
Orthodox Jews Are Selling Big On Amazon
In some traditions, Orthodox Jewish men aspire to lives of study, rather than work. Many spend their time poring over the Torah, including the Talmud and its commentaries, seeking a spiritual experience that gives them a more intimate relationship with God. Talmudic studies isn’t simply memorization and repetition. Studying the Talmud is on par with advanced graduate humanities studies, said Moshe Krakowski, director of the master's program at the Azrieli Graduate School of Jewish Education and Administration at Yeshiva University.
liberal_arts  LIU  Pol.11  Pol.12  higher-education  career 
5 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
Opinion | Quiz: Let Us Predict Whether You’re a Democrat or a Republican - The New York Times
Tell us a few details about you and we’ll guess which political party you belong to. It shouldn’t be that simple, right? We’re all complex people with a multiplicity of identities and values. But the reality is that in America today, how you answer a handful of questions is very likely to determine how you vote.

This quiz, based on recent surveys with more than 140,000 responses, presents a series of yes-or-no questions to predict whether someone is more likely to identify as a Democrat or a Republican. It captures divisions that should make you worried about the future of American democracy.
pol.508  Pol.11  Pol.12  Political  party  Power_in_America  Power_materials  ideology  data  questions 
6 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
As Trump Swerves on Trade War, It’s Whiplash for the Rest of the World - The New York Times
“Sorry!” he told reporters, sounding anything but apologetic. “It’s the way I negotiate. It’s the way I negotiate. It’s done very well for me over the years, and it’s doing even better for the country.”

The way he negotiates at times involves facts that may not be facts, statements that may not have been said and episodes that may not have occurred. And at times, he denied saying what he had said.
Pol.11  Pol.12  Trump  Power_in_America  Power_materials  Negotiation  madness 
6 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
What Kids Need to Learn to Succeed in 2050 - Forge
In such a world, the last thing a teacher needs to give her pupils is more information. They already have far too much of it. Instead, people need the ability to make sense of information, to tell the difference between what is important and what is unimportant, and, above all, to combine many bits of information into a broad picture of the world.
In truth, this has been the ideal of Western liberal education for centuries, but up until, now even many Western schools have been rather slack in fulfilling it. Teachers allowed themselves to focus on imparting data while encouraging students “to think for themselves.” Due to their fear of authoritarianism, liberal schools have had a particular horror of grand narratives. They’ve assumed that as long as we give students lots of data and a modicum of freedom, the students will create their own picture of the world, and even if this generation fails to synthesize all the data into a coherent and meaningful story about the world, there will be plenty of time to construct a better synthesis in the future.
higher-education  Teaching  LIU  Learning  liberal_arts  Pol.11  Pol.12  critical_thinking  questioning 
8 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
A national experiment reveals where a growth mindset improves achievement | Nature
A global priority for the behavioural sciences is to develop cost-effective, scalable interventions that could improve the academic outcomes of adolescents at a population level, but no such interventions have so far been evaluated in a population-generalizable sample. Here we show that a short (less than one hour), online growth mindset intervention—which teaches that intellectual abilities can be developed—improved grades among lower-achieving students and increased overall enrolment to advanced mathematics courses in a nationally representative sample of students in secondary education in the United States. Notably, the study identified school contexts that sustained the effects of the growth mindset intervention: the intervention changed grades when peer norms aligned with the messages of the intervention. Confidence in the conclusions of this study comes from independent data collection and processing, pre-registration of analyses, and corroboration of results by a blinded Bayesian analysis.
MINDSET  Learning_Communities  LIU  LIUBLC  Pol.11  Pol.12  Teaching  Learning 
9 weeks ago by Jibarosoy
Power in everyday life | PNAS
How does power manifest itself in everyday life? Using experience-sampling methodology, we investigated the prevalence, sources, and correlates of power in people’s natural environments. Participants experienced power-relevant situations regularly, though not frequently. High power was not restricted to a limited few: almost half of the sample reported experiencing high-power positions. Positional power and subjective feelings of power were strongly related but had unique relations with several individual difference measures and independent effects on participants’ affect, cognition, and interpersonal relations. Subjective feelings of power resulted more from within-participant situational fluctuation, such as the social roles participants held at different times, than from stable differences between people. Our data supported some theoretical predictions about power’s effects on affect, cognition, and interpersonal relations, but qualified others, particularly highlighting the role of responsibility in power’s effects. Although the power literature has focused on high power, we found stronger effects of low power than high power.
Latino  war  Power_materials  state  legitimacy  Leadership  fear  resistance  Power_in_America  Violence_y_Power  Pol.11  Pol.12 
june 2019 by Jibarosoy
6 Types of Social Power
Information power doesn’t last. Give away a piece of information and you give your power away.

On the other hand, knowledge and know-how is more enduring than informational power, but it’s limited to the area of expertise.

As you’ll soon see, a little know-how goes a long way, in more ways than one.

In the book, Social Psychology: Theories, Research, and Applications, Robert S. Feldman writes about the six bases of social power.
Power_materials  Pol.11  Pol.12  teaching_pol_theory  Psychology  influence 
june 2019 by Jibarosoy
Gamification in Education: 4 Ways To Bring Games To Your Classroom
Games, in any form, increase motivation through engagement. Nowhere else is this more important than education. Nothing demonstrates a general lack of student motivation quite like the striking high school dropout rates: approximately 1.2 million students fail to graduate each year (All4Ed, 2010). At the college level, a Harvard Graduate School of Education study “Pathways to Prosperity” reports that just 56% of students complete four-year degrees within six years. It’s argued that this is due to current systemic flaws in the way we teach; schools are behind the times. Watch a single lecture on innovation trends in education, and the presenter likely notes the striking similarities of a modern-day classroom and one of centuries past. It’s been proven that gamifying other services has resulted in retention and incentive. For example, website builder DevHub saw the remarkable increase of users who finished their sites shoot from 10 percent to 80 percent. So, in theory, it should work for schools as well.
games  Teaching  Learning  Pol.11  Pol.12  pol.185  syllabus 
may 2019 by Jibarosoy
Gamify Your Courses: The 3 C's to Getting Started | D2L
Start by simply changing the terminology in your courses. By switching up how you refer to certain elements of a course, you begin to look at your course content as gameplay. For example, Samoff suggests looking at ‘modules’ of an online course as ‘levels’ in a game. “When someone gets through a series of levels, they’ve played my ‘game,’” he explains. “Then when they would typically get to the ‘quiz’ portion of the course, they are presented with what I like to call a ‘boss fight,’ where they have to recall their knowledge to beat this snarling beast as it attacks them.”

Samoff was surprised how gamifying certain elements of his course was so effective. “It’s funny – I didn’t think this would be enough.” But once he heard the feedback from his students, he realized how much he had impacted engagement in his class. For an educator to teach through gameplay, you don’t necessarily need to give them a game, you just need to change their mindset.
games  Teaching  Learning  Pol.11  Pol.12  pol.185  syllabus 
may 2019 by Jibarosoy
The 10 Best Educational Apps that use Gamification for adults in 2019
Get ready to learn, the fun way! We have scoured the internet and app stores to find the 10 best educational apps that use Gamification for adults. See how companies and organizations are making learning languages, music, coding, art, history, and more fun and exciting for everyone!
games  Learning  Teaching  Pol.11  Pol.12  pol.185 
may 2019 by Jibarosoy
Structure your gamified learning — University XP
One thing that many gamers will recognize is the progression system: complete this task, finish this level, beat that boss and you’ll earn coins, an item, or experience points. You’ll always end up getting something.  That something can also be used to codify what the learner has done. It rewards an achievement.
What most educators don’t know is that a class be structured the same way. It doesn’t have to be a progression of one topic area to the other.  Rather, you can take the time to scaffold your learners’ experiences in a meaningful way.

An example of this is structuring your students’ learning like a journey. Perhaps a journey that you go on with other students / players in your class where the outcome is the development of individual understanding.

A fantastic example of this is in the course “Fantastic Places, Unhuman Humans: Exploring Humanity Through Literature” offered at Brown University. In this class, students must serve as liaisons for humanity by communicating with an alien. They must interpret some of history’s greatest fiction stories in order to relate to another being what it is like to be human through our literature.

In this class and in other gamified learning systems there are instances where the learner tests their knowledge, skills, and abilities through assessments. Those assessments can be the test and quizzes that you’ve designed. But now, they are part of the story rather than just part of the schedule of your class.
Teaching  Learning  Pol.11  Pol.12  pol.185 
may 2019 by Jibarosoy
Social Psychology: How others affect us
Social psychology helps us to understand not only why The War of the Worlds hoax suc- ceeded, but why many forms of social influence are so powerful. Social psychology is the study of how people influence others’ behavior, beliefs, and attitudes—for both good and bad (Lewin, 1951). Social psychology helps us to understand not only why we sometimes act helpfully and even heroically in the presence of others, but also why we occasionally show our worst sides, caving in to group pressure or standing by idly while others suffer. It also helps us to understand why we’re prone to blindly accept irrational, even pseudosci- entific, beliefs.
Pol.11  Pol.12  Pol._120  Power_materials  influence  Violence_y_Power  relationships 
may 2019 by Jibarosoy
Where Does Religion Come From? : NPR
For most of human history, we lived in small groups of about 50 people. Everyone knew everybody. If you told a lie, stole someone's dinner, or failed to defend the group against its enemies, there was no way to disappear into the crowd. Everyone knew you, and you would get punished.

But in the last 12,000 years or so, human groups began to expand. It became more difficult to identify and punish the cheaters and free riders. So we needed something big — really big. An epic force that could see what everyone was doing, and enforce the rules. That force, according to social psychologist Azim Shariff, was the popular idea of a "supernatural punisher" – also known as God.

Think of the vengeful deity of the Hebrew Bible, known for sending punishments like rains of burning sulfur and clouds of locusts, blood and lice.

"It's an effective stick to deter people from immoral behavior," says Shariff.
Religion  state  Latino  war  fear  rulers  Pol.11  Pol.12  Passions  reasoning  Power_materials 
may 2019 by Jibarosoy
Why presidents should listen to troublemakers and truth tellers - The Washington Post
Holbrooke’s first job as a tyro diplomat in 1963 was working in Saigon for the U.S. Embassy’s Office of Rural Affairs. Its head was Rufus Phillips, a courtly Virginian, late of Yale University and the CIA, who was a protege of Lansdale’s. He taught the young Holbrooke the tenets of “Lansdalism”: To win a war among the people, you had to win over the people rather than blow them to smithereens. This was a simple yet powerful insight, later labeled “population-centric counterinsurgency,” that Holbrooke imbibed long before it became fashionable.
Pol.11  Pol.12  Power_materials  Violence_y_Power  war  vietnam  Iraq_War 
may 2019 by Jibarosoy
List of countries by system of government
Where a president is the active head of the executive branch of government and is independent from the legislature. The following list includes democratic and non-democratic states:
Pol.11  Pol.12  state  president  Trump  government 
may 2019 by Jibarosoy
How the Supreme Court’s Decision on the Census Could Alter American Politics - The New York Times
A battle is brewing over the way the nation tallies its population, especially in immigrant-dense places like Texas’s 29th District, that could permanently alter the American political landscape. On Tuesday, the Supreme Court’s conservative majority appeared ready to allow the next census in 2020 to ask respondents if they are American citizens — a question that has never been asked of all the nation’s residents in the census’s 230-year history.
Pol.11  Pol.12  Latinos_+_TW  NILP_Board  Census  data  Power_in_America 
april 2019 by Jibarosoy
5 Insane 'What If' Scenarios That Almost Changed Everything | Cracked.com
For every terrible tragedy history has handed us, there is an infinitely long list of disasters that we narrowly missed. The geopolitical complexion of the entire world can change radically due to one leader's spur-of-the-moment decision, or just pure dumb luck.

Here are five ways history almost took a turn for the awful.
Pol.11  Pol.12  history  questioning  critical_thinking  Power_in_America  writing  presidents 
april 2019 by Jibarosoy
Where do Conservatives and Liberals come from - liberal
First, the Creed talks about what philosophers back then called “the state of nature.” The state of nature is the condition man would find himself in if there were no government. Critics sometimes mistake this to mean some ancient time when we all wore fig leaves and ate only what we could find on the ground or club over the head. They misunderstand the term “state of nature” to mean a time before government ever existed anywhere on earth. That’s not correct.
The state of nature can occur anywhere and anytime, wherever and whenever there is no effective government to enforce law and order. Think “Lord of the Flies.” But it doesn’t have to be on a desert island, either. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke observed that all princes existed in a state of nature relative to each other, because there was no government over them.
The Creed says that in the state of nature we are all equal and have certain rights. These rights come from our Creator and are inherent. They aren’t granted to us by any government. These rights are also “unalienable,” meaning they cannot be taken away. Neither can we surrender them ourselves. Unalienable rights are as much a part of us as our own skins.
ideology  Political  political_theory  Pol.11  Pol.12 
april 2019 by Jibarosoy
Donald Trump Is Weak and Afraid—The Mueller Report Proves It | Time
The Mueller report stands as a monument to reality. It plainly and clearly makes the case that Donald Trump is not the man his supporters think he is. He’s not bold. He’s afraid. They attributed to him a primitive form of loyalty, where he was good to people who were good to him. Instead, he’d harm his own son to win a single news cycle. His foolish hiring decisions have come back to haunt him time and again.

President Trump is weak — too weak even to commit the acts of obstruction he desired. As the Mueller report stated, Trump’s attempts to influence the investigation “were mostly unsuccessful,” but it’s “largely because the persons who surrounded the President declined to carry out orders or accede to his requests.” He’s not strong. He’s not wise. He’s not honorable. And sometimes, when his subordinates disregard is orders, he’s not even truly the president. Regardless of his potential criminality, there is nothing revealed in the report that is admirable — or alpha — about Donald Trump.
latino  fear  Trump  Leadership  state  rulers  Power_in_America  Pol._147  Pol._120  Pol.11  Pol.12 
april 2019 by Jibarosoy
Distinguishing between description and analysis in academic writing – Raul Pacheco-Vega, PhD
Now, when I read student essays, or Masters/PhD theses, I find myself writing similar comments: “this is a very good description, but lacks real analysis“. I asked both the Political Scientists Facebook group (of which I’m proud of being part of) and the Research Companion Facebook group (a fantastic resource created by Dr. Petra Boynton, author of the book “The Research Companion”).

I received A LOT of really good feedback on both groups (who said that Facebook was only good for posting photos of your kids?) which I am detailing here (I’ve asked for permission to attribute whoever recommended a particular book or reading).
Pol.11  Pol.12  pol.185  writing  analysis  questioning  teaching_pol_theory  Learning 
april 2019 by Jibarosoy
Description vs. analysis - Research & Learning Online
Some students make the mistake of thinking that reflective writing simply requires you to recount an event or describe a scenario. Reflection within university assignments pushes beyond this. It requires you not only to narrate or describe, but also to analyse.

Consider the differences in the following examples between describing what happened, and analysing what happened. One simply recounts what took place, while the other explores why events unfolded as they did. It considers theories that help explain what happened, and the significance of these things for your teaching and learning.
critical_thinking  analysis  writing  Pol.11  Pol.12  Teaching  Learning  questioning 
april 2019 by Jibarosoy
Advice on Alternative History Assignment | Music and Social Protest, New College '13
By Sunday evening, I expect to receive 4-5 double-spaced pages that present an alternative history of one of the revolutions we have covered in this module. Since students have asked numerous questions on the nature of the assignment, I thought I would explain this in more detail here on the blog.

The task at hand is to present an alternative history. To do this properly, you need to demonstrate that you have a solid working knowledge of whatever revolution you want to discuss and its relationship to music. In Monday’s class, I recommended spending more or less a page explaining what actually happened. If you want to spread out this knowledge throughout your 4-5 pages, you may do so.
Pol.12  Pol.11  history  methods  Power_in_America  Teaching  Learning 
april 2019 by Jibarosoy
A World Without World War I, Featuring Health-Nut Hitler : NPR
Without the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, there would have been no need for rulers in Vienna to threaten Serbia, no need for Russia to come to Serbia's defense, no need for Germany to come to Austria's defense — and no call for France and Britain to honor their treaties with Russia.
Pol.12  Pol.11  history  methods  Power_in_America  Teaching  Learning 
april 2019 by Jibarosoy
The Best Resources For Teaching “What If?” History Lessons | Larry Ferlazzo's Websites of the Day...
I’m a longtime fan of “alternate history,” and last year was thrilled to read about how some teachers applied that concept in their classes.

This is how Carla Federman (who borrowed the idea from Diana Laufenberg) introduced her lesson to students:

You are to identify one specific point in American history for which you are interested in changing the outcome. Once you have identified your point of divergence, you will need to consider both the immediate changes and the long-term impacts that divergence would have on modern society. You will present your “revised history” through the creation of “new” primary sources and a multimedia project.
Pol.11  Pol.12  Power_materials  Teaching  Learning  history  methods  Learning_Communities_activities 
april 2019 by Jibarosoy
Skills Practice | Alternative History as Narrative - The New York Times
What if the British won the Revolutionary War? What if the Cuban Missile Crisis had started World War III? What if John Lennon had not died when he was shot?

These might seem like silly questions, but they and others like them have inspired an entire genre of writing. These alternate histories allow writers to develop scenarios based on historic events, but with some major changes. What if Karl Marx had not written the Communist Manifesto in 1848? Would there have been a Cold War in the twentieth century?
Pol.12  Pol.11  Power_in_America  writing  Teaching  Learning  history  methods 
april 2019 by Jibarosoy
Escape from ‘Station Eleven’ | Central Michigan University
​You've survived the end of the world. Now, the future of your fellow survivors depends on your ability to work together to solve a series of puzzles — all while you're crammed together in a room with only one hour to escape.

Sound exciting? Beginning this month, members of the Central Michigan University community will have the chance to test their wits against a new interactive escape room developed by faculty, staff and students from the colleges of the Arts and Media, Liberal Arts and Social Sciences, and Science and Engineering.
games  Simulations  Teaching  Learning  political_science  international  Pol.11  Pol.12 
april 2019 by Jibarosoy
(2) Where to Sit at a Conference Table for Your Next Meeting - YouTube
Increase your confidence and persuasiveness by learning where to sit in a meeting, networking event, or classroom. In this video, I am going to teach you the science behind where to sit at a conference table to get your boss to listen, to get ahead and to be taken seriously.
Power_materials  Political_Geography  Pol.11  Pol.12  Teaching 
april 2019 by Jibarosoy
Power, Sociologically Speaking - The Society Pages
That powerful actors have the capacity to create or invoke structure in their own interests while the less powerful are more constrained is an important sociological point, yet it is typically hidden by our everyday understandings of how organizations and institutions operate. Indeed, we tend to see contemporary structures and rules as more or less bureaucratic, rational, and neutral. And, to be sure, they are presented that way. Yet, significant inequalities exist across most institutional domains, including politics. Consider, for instance, who is represented, who has voice, who benefits from policies, and which agendas reach the table.
Pol.11  Pol.12  Pol._120  Power_materials  teaching_pol_theory  Teaching  Learning 
april 2019 by Jibarosoy
POWER - a multiplayer american political simulation game
Power is a global political and economic simulation game where you can play as a powerful politician or businessman in a number of countries. Starting from nothing, you can seize the highest offices in the land through free and fair elections, or dirty tricks and deals. You can rise up the ranks
games  Simulations  Power_materials  Pol.11  Pol.12  Pol._120 
april 2019 by Jibarosoy
The Faces of American Power, Nearly as White as the Oscar Nominees - The New York Times
We reviewed 503 of the most powerful people in American culture, government, education and business, and found that just 44 are minorities. Any list of the powerful is subjective, but the people here have an outsize influence on the nation’s rules and culture.
Pol.11  Pol.12  Pol._120  Power_in_America  data  pol.185  Leadership 
april 2019 by Jibarosoy
Who Rules America: Power at the National Level
Who has predominant power in the United States? The short answer, from 1776 to the present, is: Those who have the money have the power. George Washington was one of the biggest landowners of his day; presidents in the late 19th century were close to the railroad interests; for George W. Bush, it is oil and other natural resources, agribusiness, and finance. But to be more exact, those who own income-producing property -- corporations, real estate, and agribusinesses -- set the rules within which policy battles are waged.

While this may seem simple and/or obvious, the reasons behind it are complex. They involve an understanding of social classes, the role of experts, the two-party system, and the history of the country, especially Southern slavery. In terms of the big world-historical picture, and the Four Networks theory of power advocated on this site, money rules in America because there are no rival networks that grew up over a long and complex history:
Pol.11  Pol.12  Pol._120  Power_in_America  Violence_y_Power  Methodology 
april 2019 by Jibarosoy
Opinion | Why Trump Reigns as King Cyrus - The New York Times
Today’s Christian nationalists talk a good game about respecting the Constitution and America’s founders, but at bottom they sound as if they prefer autocrats to democrats. In fact, what they really want is a king. “It is God that raises up a king,” according to Paula White, a prosperity gospel preacher who has advised Mr. Trump.

Ralph Drollinger, who has led weekly Bible study groups in the White House attended by Vice President Mike Pence and many other cabinet members, likes the word “king” so much that he frequently turns it into a verb. “Get ready to king in our future lives,” he tells his followers. “Christian believers will — soon, I hope — become the consummate, perfect governing authorities!”

The great thing about kings like Cyrus, as far as today’s Christian nationalists are concerned, is that they don’t have to follow rules. They are the law. This makes them ideal leaders in paranoid times
Trump  state  Religion  Power_in_America  nations  Violence_y_Power  authority  Pol.11  Pol.12 
march 2019 by Jibarosoy
Hectored by Netanyahu, Israeli Arabs Could Have the Final Say - The New York Times
Mr. Netanyahu has been fanning the flames of anti-Arab sentiment almost daily.

He has warned Israelis that his main challenger, the retired army chief Benny Gantz, would “hand over parts of the homeland to the Arabs” and that he would make alliances with Arab parties that “want to destroy” Israel. Mr. Netanyahu has also joined forces with a racist faction whose leaders support expelling Arab citizens and call them “the enemy.”

Such appeals have worked for Mr. Netanyahu in the past. This time they might backfire.

Small Arab communities like the Druze, who prize their loyalty to the state and often vote for right-wing parties, show signs of deserting Mr. Netanyahu en masse
Pol.11  Pol.12  state  nations  Violence_y_Power  Power_materials 
march 2019 by Jibarosoy
(PDF) Hunter-Gatherer Societies: Their Diversity and Evolutionary Processes | Serge Svizzero and Clement Tisdell - Academia.edu
It is argued that attributes which have been widely used to typify hunter-gatherer societies are inadequate for several reasons. One is that they fail to capture the full extent of the diversity of these societies. We suggest some additional attributes which should be taken into account in characterizing these societies. Linear (unidirectional) models of the development of  prehistoric societies are criticized and multi-linear models are discussed. Currently, three main stereotypes of the nature of hunter-gatherer societies exist. While these indicate that they were diverse, they fail to capture the full extent of their diversity. It is suggested that this diversity increased with the passage of time and was shaped by the varied local eco-geographic conditions (local resource endowments) in which these societies existed. This raises the question of whether this development had the same basis as speciation in the  biological theory of natural selection. This is discussed and then particular attention is given to Adam Smith’s vision of the evolution of human societies. In conclusion, it is suggested that the evolutionary path of modern societies has diverged from that of prehistoric societies.
SON  state  Violence_y_Power  civilization  teaching_pol_theory  Pol.11  Pol.12  Power_materials 
march 2019 by Jibarosoy
Would we all be better off if we returned to hunting and gathering?
The idea the decision to abandon our hunter-gatherer lifestyle was a terrible misstep isn’t some crazy hippy notion either, but one supported by academics like James C. Scott, Christopher Ryan and Cacilda Jethá, and Jared Diamond, the latter of whom famously called the decision to abandon hunter-gatherer societies the “worst mistake in the history of the human race.”
Of course, we couldn’t have known any better. Evolution had crafted minds that were capable of future planning, but without the ability to foresee or even contemplate the notion of unintended consequences.
SON  Pol.11  Pol.12  state  Violence_y_Power  Power_materials  civilization  Technology 
march 2019 by Jibarosoy
How Trump Gets Away with Lying, as Explained by a Magician
Now you can spot these five techniques used by both magicians and politicians to get away with lying. These techniques don’t have to be used for deception, though. They can be used for good. If you want an audience to gain your trust, make sure you use these ideas. If you need proof it works, just look at how I wrote this article.
I dressed for the occasion by using a colloquial writing style I knew was appropriate for my audience. Not too formal, not too casual.
I separated myself from the liars by telling you I was a former card magician, and by seemingly betraying the rest of the magicians by breaking our code and letting you in on our secrets.
I didn’t predict the future, I pretended to have predicted the past when I explained how Trump’s ability to lie ushered him to the presidency. In truth, I didn’t expect Trump to win either. I was only able to write this article in retrospect.
I told you things you wanted to hear when I expressed my frustration with politicians, especially with our current Administration, and when I told you there was a learnable method to the dishonesty of politicians.
The only technique I didn’t use was diversion, because it’s rather difficult to divert attention in writing.
Pol.11  Pol.12  Power_materials  Power_in_America  Trump  Political 
march 2019 by Jibarosoy
The Nationalism Project: What is Nationalism?
There are four core debates which permeate the study of nations and nationalism. First among these is the question of how to define the terms "nation" and "nationalism." Second, scholars argue about when nations first appeared. Academics have suggested a variety of time frames, including (but not limited to!) the following:

Nationalists argue that nations are timeless phenomena. When man climbed out of the primordial slime, he immediately set about creating nations.

The next major school of thought is that of the perennialists who argue that nations have been around for a very long time, though they take different shapes at different points in history.

While postmodernists and Marxists also play in the larger debates surrounding this topic, the modernization school is perhaps the most prevalent scholarly argument at the moment. These scholars see nations as entirely modern and constructed.
nations  state  Psychology  Passions  emotional  reasoning  teaching_pol_theory  Pol.12  Pol.11 
march 2019 by Jibarosoy
National identity, popular culture and everyday life
However, because national identity is not only a matter of will and strategy, butis enmeshed in the embodied, material ways in which we live – in the rich realmof ‘thick description’ (Geertz, 1993) – it is in many ways inaccessible to thepoliticians and campaigners and their circumscribing manoeuvres. This is, ofcourse, not to say that such appeals are not effective in mobilising people to fightfor causes – recent history suggests otherwise – but that the sheer complexity ofthese associations offers hope that the increasing ambivalence of national identitymight militate against exclusive and reified versions.

(14) (PDF) National identity, popular culture and everyday life. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/205836856_National_identity_popular_culture_and_everyday_life [accessed Feb 27 2019].
nations  state  Passions  reasoning  Psychology  emotional  Pol.11  Pol.12  Power_in_America 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
Social Construction of Nation - A Theoretical Exploration
In this article, the term “nation” is understood as a mental construct, and the formation of national identity as a dynamic, contentious historical process of social construction. Using the concept of “figured world of nationhood,” I discuss how the subjective, collective perception of the “objective,” virtual reality of a nation is (re)constituted and negotiated through social practices. In the same process, actors come to increasingly identify with and commit themselves to this “figured world of nationhood.” The agency of social actors involved is differentiated according to the respective “social field” of their action.
nations  state  Passions  reasoning  Pol.11  Pol.12  Psychology  emotional 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
Change my view: Moral foundations theory and you
Anyone who doesn't agree with me is wrong and not just wrong, but morally repugnant and evil.
What do you think? Is it really likely that everyone that disagrees with you is somehow a monster? Or perhaps it's something else...
Over the last few years we've seen a lot of viewpoint polarization. But why does this happen? And what does this tell us about our approaches to Agile?
In this session we'll look at Moral Foundations Theory and how what we value and hold dear can influence our views on an issue.
We'll also play a game developed at the Agile Games conference based on this framework that will challenge you to take yourself out of your normal comfort zone and see the world from another perspective.
Passions  reasoning  teaching_pol_theory  Pol.11  Pol.12  pol.505  morals  emotional  Power_in_America 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
Science-Based Definitions of Conservatism and Liberalism | The Independent Whig
It turns out that many, MANY aspects of human nature are common to liberals and conservatives alike; things like the rider and the elephant, motivated reasoning, tribalism, throwing truth, logic, and evidence under the bus in defense of tribes or sacred values, flip flopping, hypocrisy, and on and on and on.  You get the picture. These are not liberal things or conservative things, they’re human things.  We evolved to form into groups of like-minded people which then compete with other groups for scarce resources and political power; where “like minded” means that the members of the group share a set of values about what the world is, can be, and should be.

The number of things truly unique to, or uniquely characteristic of, each side is very small, but have deeply profound effects.

Those things are 1) moral matrix, and 2) cognitive style.
Passions  reasoning  teaching_pol_theory  emotional  state  SON  Pol.11  Pol.12  pol.505  Power_materials 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
The Myth of Political Reason – Ryan Wilson – Medium
A tide of right-wing populism has begun washing over western democracies in recent years, punctuated by the twin shocks of Brexit and the election of Donald Trump to the US presidency in 2016. Recent elections in Europe have demonstrated that this political phenomenon has not yet crested, with right-wing populists achieving record voter turnout and/or parliamentary representation in Austria, Germany, France, Sweden, The Netherlands, and Italy in 2017 and 2018. Much of the populist rhetoric of the political figures of these countries has been nativist in nature and has flayed the political establishment for supposedly ushering in the multitude of profound societal changes generating the very cultural and economic anxieties manipulated by these populist politicians for political gain.
Passions  reasoning  teaching_pol_theory  emotional  logic  Pol.11  Pol.12  pol.505  state 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
The Myth of Political Reason The Moral and Emotional Foundations of Political Cognition and US Politics
The current ascendancy of right-wing populists across western democracies is a concerning trend, and so far, the left has not managed to mount an effective counterstrategy to arrest its momentum. Much of the rhetoric of these right-wing populists has focused on evoking fear and suspicion, verging on hatred, of outsiders and fellow countrymen and women with opposing political ideologies, to great effect. The importance of understanding why certain rhetoric is effective cannot be understated, and the works of George Lakoff, Jonathan Haidt, and Drew Westen that illuminate the moral and emotional factors behind how individuals interpret and respond to inputs of a political nature are reviewed and synthesised. Individuals’ underlying moral mental structures and the emotional responses that they can trigger must be understood in order to generate political messaging that resonates strongly with its target audience and consequently increases the likelihood of their actuation to vote. The recent phenomenon of individualisation, stemming from the current era of reflexive modernity is analysed within the context of divergent conservative and liberal moral matrices, and is found to be disproportionately ailing the liberal side of politics. In delineating the key elements of liberal and conservative morality, the existence of liberal moral tenets that are discordant with longstanding liberal communitarian ideals were revealed. In contrast, conservative morality appears to exhibit an inherent coherence that may contribute to conservatism’s resilience in the face of reflexive modernity and disparate policy priorities of its constituents. The importance of understanding the moral and emotional foundations of political cognition is emphasised not only for its potential to bolster the efficacy of left-wing political parties, but also to provide an avenue by which the increasing hostility across the political spectrum can be subdued.
Passions  reasoning  emotional  logic  Pol.11  Pol.12  teaching_pol_theory  pol.505 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
Free Training Resources - Training Resources
All Free Training Resources
Free Energiser Activities
Free Ice Breaker Games
Free Materials & Resources
Free Team Building Activities
Free Training Documents
Free Training Games
Free Training Models
Teaching  Pol.11  Pol.12  pol.185  Learning  MINDSET  games  Simulations  exercises 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
Growth Mindset Feedback Tool
Growth minded language motivates students to ensure they remain persistent, resilient, and focused on the process of learning. It is important to give learners feedback about how their process leads to a result so they can understand that their abilities will develop with effort.
Use these language frames in the following situations:
When they struggle despite strong effort
MINDSET  Teaching  Pol.11  Pol.12  pol.185  Learning 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
PPT - Power, Authority, Legitimacy PowerPoint Presentation - ID:799507
Power, Authority, Legitimacy. Power = ability to get people to do things they would not have chosen to do on their own (overt and concealed) Authority = form of power accepted as right and proper by those who submit/comply Why do citizens comply?
Pol.11  Pol.12  Pol._120  state  Power_materials  authority  Passions  reasoning  Violence_y_Power 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
Milgram Experiment | Simply Psychology
The experiments began in July 1961, a year after the trial of Adolf Eichmann in Jerusalem. Milgram devised the experiment to answer the question:

Could it be that Eichmann and his million accomplices in the Holocaust were just following orders? Could we call them all accomplices?" (Milgram, 1974).
Milgram (1963) wanted to investigate whether Germans were particularly obedient to authority figures as this was a common explanation for the Nazi killings in World War II. Milgram selected participants for his experiment by newspaper advertising for male participants to take part in a study of learning at Yale University. 
Pol.11  Pol.12  Pol._120  state  authority  Power_materials  Violence_y_Power  Passions  reasoning 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
A Brighter Look at Milgram's Obedience Study | Mises Institute
If the legitimacy of the state arises from the people's consent, then the prospects for a free society largely depend on the psychological processes of the individual members of society. That is to say, if people's psychological processes are designed for a social order in which there exists an institution that uses force to acquire resources and that monopolizes protection and defense — to use Rothbard's description of the state — then the prospects of a free society stand little chance. If, however, people's psychological processes are designed best to maintain order through bottom-up techniques (e.g., by natural social order developing through a mutual and cultural acceptance of what is appropriate for coexistence in peace), then Rothbard's vision stands a very good chance.
Pol.11  Pol.12  Pol._120  state  authority  Power_materials  legitimacy  Violence_y_Power 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
5 Psychological Experiments That Prove Humanity is Doomed | Cracked.com
Psychologists know you have to be careful when you go poking around the human mind because you're never sure what you'll find there. A number of psychological experiments over the years have yielded terrifying conclusions about the subjects.

Oh, we're not talking about the occasional psychopath who turns up. No, we're talking about you. The experiments speak for themselves:
Pol.11  Pol.12  Passions  reasoning  SON  state  authority  Power_materials  Violence_y_Power 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
Who's Responsible For Amazon Quitting Queens?: Gothamist
Greg LeRoy, the executive director of Good Jobs First, a government watchdog group that tracks state and local job subsidies, says that this kind of negotiating tactic is a hallmark of corporations plying the “tax break industrial complex.”
“An essential working part of it is to degrade and demean public officials. It’s to get them to internalize, you Hartford, you New York, you Chicago, are not worth very much. We have lots of other choices. You’ve got lots of problems. If you don’t pay us a lot of money to offset the things we don't like about you, you’re disposable.”
LeRoy added that Amazon initially had “a very strong business case for them to come to New York, and I think they really wanted to come, and then I think they really ran into a buzzsaw.”
“Their arrogance about the way they approached the deal made it much harder for them than it had to be," LeRoy said. "If they had not preempted the City Council, if they had not expected those huge as-of-right incentives from the city, if they had not wired the thing for Cuomo to just run over the City Council, and actually talked to people in the neighborhoods, things might have played out very differently."
newyork  Power_materials  Pol.11  political_economy  Business  capitalism  Pol.12 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
What Can Hunter-Gatherers Teach Us About Servant-Leadership? | Richard Leider
The hunter-gatherer is in all of us. For 90% of human history we were almost exclusively hunter-gatherers. Living in our technology-dependent world does not mean that we have totally severed our hunter-gather roots – the skills and intelligence learned from all those millennia of survival. One does not erase the souls of one’s ancestors. Even if we no longer actively use those skills for daily survival, the untapped intelligence remains within us. Could it be that we could recapture the things we have forgotten and need to relearn today?

The Hadzabe don’t recognize any leaders or any one person as having more power or influence then others. And even though they have clearly defined gender roles, men and women in their society participate equally in decision-making. Their traditional economy supports this equality because all people from an early age have the skills and knowledge to get what they need each day. To be a Hadza means that if someone asks, they have no option but to share. It is considered bad to hoard or accumulate more than what one needs. Everyone shares. Everyone serves. Everyone leads.
SON  state  Leadership  Pol.11  Pol.12  Violence_y_Power  Power_materials  teaching_pol_theory  pol.505 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
Peter Gronn: Early human society hunted, gathered – and worked without 'leaders' | The Independent
There may have been nominal or incipient chiefs and leaders, "sometimes women but usually men" and usually adult heads of households, but these were kept in line by a strict regime of scorn, ridicule, criticism, irony, intimidation, ostracism, disobedience, desertion, expulsion and even killing. A wise hunter with pretentions to lead, therefore would learn to sit quietly with the other men, and "[allow] the blood on his arrow shaft to speak for him". At best, we have evidence here of a rudimentary division of leadership labour. In practice a headman or an informal leader might step forward to make decisions only "as long as the band welcomes him to do so", with bands having a series of such individuals "who come forward when their particular expertise is needed".
SON  state  Leadership  Pol.11  Pol.12  pol.505  Violence_y_Power  Psychology  anthropology 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
Opinion | Our Brains Aren’t Designed to Handle the Trump Era - The New York Times
Many evolutionary biologists are fond of pointing out that the human body is not adapted to modern life, which often involves sitting for hours at a time and toiling in artificial light and consuming mounds of processed sugar (“There’s no food in your food,” as the Joan Cusack character says in “Say Anything”). But the same design problem, it could be argued, is true of the human brain: It was not engineered to process the volume of information we’re getting, and at the rate we’re getting it.

“Our brains evolved to help us deal with life during the hunter-gatherer phase of human history, a time when we might encounter no more than a thousand people across the entire span of our lifetime,” writes the neuroscientist Daniel Levitin in “The Organized Mind: Thinking Straight in the Age of Information Overload.”
Pol.11  Pol.12  pol.505  SON  state  Technology  Violence_y_Power  Power_materials  teaching_pol_theory 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
Trump Once Said Power Was About Instilling Fear. In That Case, He Should Be Worried. - The New York Times
As president, he initially tried to intimidate some of the nation’s strongest allies, including Canada, Mexico, Britain, France and Germany, in trade talks. He demanded political loyalty from Republicans in Congress and drove several who bucked him from office, notably Senators Bob Corker and Jeff Flake. But as his presidency enters its third year, a less convenient truth is emerging: Few outside the Republican Party are afraid of him, and they may be less intimidated after the disastrous government shutdown.
But Mr. Trump has shown little inclination to modulate his style, and that carries risks. He could well face a challenge for the Republican nomination in 2020, and congressional Republicans from swing states could begin to distance themselves from him.
Trump  Leadership  state  Latino  war  fear  Pol.12  Power_in_America  Violence_y_Power  Pol.11  presidents 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
Goodbye to the Dollar
The inept and corrupt presidency of Donald Trump has unwittingly triggered the fatal blow to the American empire—the abandonment of the dollar as the world’s principal reserve currency. Nations around the globe, especially in Europe, have lost confidence in the United States to act rationally, much less lead, in issues of international finance, trade, diplomacy and war. These nations are quietly dismantling the seven-decade-old alliance with the United States and building alternative systems of bilateral trade. This reconfiguring of the world’s financial system will be fatal to the American empire, as the historian Alfred McCoy and the economist Michael Hudson have long pointed out. It will trigger an economic death spiral, including high inflation, which will necessitate a massive military contraction overseas and plunge the United States into a prolonged depression. Trump, rather than make America great again, has turned out, unwittingly, to be the empire’s most aggressive gravedigger.
Pol.12  Pol.11  Power_in_America  political_economy  pol.639  economy  finances  state 
february 2019 by Jibarosoy
Michael Wolff’s ‘Fire and Fury’: Inside Trump’s White House
Even though the numbers in a few key states had appeared to be changing to Trump’s advantage, neither Conway nor Trump himself nor his son-in-law, Jared Kushner — the effective head of the campaign — ­wavered in their certainty: Their unexpected adventure would soon be over. Not only would Trump not be president, almost everyone in the campaign agreed, he should probably not be. Conveniently, the former conviction meant nobody had to deal with the latter issue.

As the campaign came to an end, Trump himself was sanguine. His ultimate goal, after all, had never been to win. “I can be the most famous man in the world,” he had told his aide Sam Nunberg at the outset of the race. His longtime friend Roger Ailes, the former head of Fox News, liked to say that if you want a career in television, first run for president. Now Trump, encouraged by Ailes, was floating rumors about a Trump network. It was a great future. He would come out of this campaign, Trump assured Ailes, with a far more powerful brand and untold opportunities.
Trump  Pol.11  Pol.12  Leadership  state  democracy  Power_in_America  Latino  war  fear 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
O Say Can You See What That Flag Means? - The New York Times
''You can't judge a nation by one symbol, but you can make a judgment about competing symbols,'' said Richard Wortman, professor of history at Columbia University and author of ''Scenarios of Power: Myths and Ceremony in Russian Monarchy'' (Princeton University Press, 1995). The battle of Russia's two anthems -- at this point, both of them wordless melodies -- sum up conflicting attitudes toward Russia's Communist past. Some say the Soviet anthem should be stricken from official memory because of Communism's terrible crimes, while others say it should not be forgotten because of glorious moments like the victory over Hitler in World War II or Yuri A. Gagarin's first flight in space. That is a lot of meaning packed into one tune -- albeit a great thumping one.

Of course, nations struggling to create a new identity or character are not the only ones where a hummable tune or a colorful scrap of material are endowed with such power.
nations  state  Power_in_America  Pol.11  Pol.12  Passions  reasoning  myth 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
Twine, the Video-Game Technology for All - The New York Times
Twine games look and feel profoundly different from other games, not just because they’re made with different tools but also because they’re made by different people — including people who don’t have any calcified notions about what video games are supposed to be or how they’re supposed to work. While roughly 75 percent of developers at traditional video-game companies are male, many of the most prominent Twine developers are women, making games whose purpose is to explore personal perspectives and issues of identity, sexuality and trauma that mainstream games rarely touch on.
games  Simulations  Pol.11  Pol.12  Power_materials  Teaching  Learning 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
Female chief in Malawi breaks up 850 child marriages and sends girls back to school | Inhabitots
In an area where girls are often married early to ease a family’s financial burden and where one in five girls in Malawi are victims of sexual abuse, Kachindamoto is also taking a stand against the cleansing camps where girls are routinely sent before marriage. The sexual initiation rites that take place there are extremely disturbing, particularly in a country where one in ten people has HIV. Kachindamoto is threatening to dismiss any chiefs that continue to allow these controversial practices. Kachindamoto has faced plenty of opposition to her efforts from parents and community members, even receiving death threats, yet she remains determined to continue changing minds and laws for the benefits of Malawi’s females and their futures. In Kachindamoto’s own words, “If they are educated, they can be and have anything they want.”
Pol.11  Pol.12  Power_materials  Violence_y_Power  SON 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
Trump’s secrets of success are finally failing him
Cohn taught Trump to always deny and always go on the offense. If you got sued, you didn’t just defend the suit, you countersued. You let the other party know that the suit would cost them plenty, and it would discourage others from ever suing. With Cohn as his lawyer, Trump even countersued the federal government for $100 million when his real estate business was sued for housing discrimination.

Now, though, Trump has run up against powerful forces. The spectral special counsel, unseen and amply funded, stalks Trump like the Greek furies of mythology, the appropriately female deities of vengeance. They swirl around him, hounding him, causing him to take inventory of his sins, his lies, his deceptions. So many. Robert S. Mueller III is the biggest threat Trump has ever encountered. How can Trump sleep when it seems Mueller doesn’t? If Trump had ever seen “Macbeth,” he’d know what’s happening. Mueller “doth murder sleep.”
Trump  GOP  Power_in_America  law  president  state  criminal  Pol.11  Pol.12  Leadership 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
SCAMPER - Creativity Tools from MindTools.com
It can often be difficult to come up with new ideas when you're trying to develop or improve a product or service.

This is where creative brainstorming techniques like SCAMPER can help. This tool helps you generate ideas for new products and services by encouraging you to think about how you could improve existing ones.
games  Simulations  questioning  critical_thinking  Teaching  Pol.11  Pol.12  Pol._185 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
Iterating Student Game Design | Active Learning in Political Science ©
More final thoughts on my heavily-revised course on development from last semester: as explained in Parts 4 through 6 below, I included a scaffolded series of assignments on design thinking through SCAMPER, a method for creative problem-solving. In a debriefing discussion on the last day of class, one student expressed frustration that the game she and her team had built was not graded. I only graded how well students had written their evaluations of other teams’ games. 
games  Simulations  design  questioning  critical_thinking  Pol.11  Pol.12  Teaching  Learning 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
China’s Social Credit System puts its people under pressure to be model citizens
It is a question Chinese authorities have been exploring for more than ten years. When the plan to construct a Social Credit System was first proposed in 2007, the primary goal was to restore market order by leveraging the financial creditworthiness of businesses and individuals.

The scope of the project has gradually infiltrated other aspects of daily life.

Actions that can now harm one’s personal credit record include not showing up to a restaurant without having cancelled the reservation, cheating in online games, leaving false product reviews, and jaywalking.
Passions  state  trust  social  china  Pol.11  Pol.12  Power_materials  intelligence  Violence_y_Power  Leadership  fear 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
Inside China’s Dystopian Dreams: A.I., Shame and Lots of Cameras - The New York Times
Some places are further along than others. Invasive mass-surveillance software has been set up in the west to track members of the Uighur Muslim minority and map their relations with friends and family, according to software viewed by The New York Times.

“This is potentially a totally new way for the government to manage the economy and society,” said Martin Chorzempa, a fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics.

“The goal is algorithmic governance,” he added.
Passions  state  Power_materials  Psychology  trust  intelligence  Leadership  Violence_y_Power  Pol.11  Pol.12 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
China's Chilling 'Social Credit System' Is Straight Out of Dystopian Sci-Fi, And It's Already Switched On
It's been in the pipeline for years: a sprawling, technological mass surveillance network the likes of which the world has never seen. And it's already been switched on.

China's "Social Credit System" – which is expected to be fully operational by 2020 – doesn't just monitor the nation's almost 1.4 billion citizens. It's also designed to control and coerce them, in a gigantic social engineering experiment that some have called the "gamification of trust".

That's because the massive project, which has been slowly coming together for over a decade, is about assigning an individual trust score to each and every citizen, and to businesses too.

According to China's Communist Party, the system will "allow the trustworthy to roam freely under heaven while making it hard for the discredited to take a single step".
Passions  reasoning  state  trust  communism  Pol.11  Pol.12  Psychology  Power_materials  Violence_y_Power  China 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
Life Without Chiefs - Marvin Harris
Can humans exist without some people ruling and others being ruled? To look at the modern world, you wouldn’ t think so. Democratic states may have done away with emperors and kings, but they have hardly dispensed with gross ine- qualities in wealth, rank, and power.
Pol.11  Pol.12  state  Power_materials  Violence_y_Power  Leadership  philosophy 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
Hunter-Gatherer Philosophy II: The Libertarianism Question – Evolvify
First of all, the hunter-gatherer ethnography is completely made up of bands characterized by egalitarian political organization, or at least something that looks egalitarian in practice (Boehm 2001). This egalitarianism is mainly manifest as a tenacious unwillingness of the group to be dominated by any one individual. Political upstarts are subject to corrective “leveling” mechanisms exacted at the behest of the group. These tend to take the form of non-violent (physically speaking) mechanisms of social pressure (Gray 2009) that may escalate to banishment from the group, and in some cases, killing of the offender (Boehm 2001).

Libertarianism offers no protection from hierarchical domination, and differs from agrarian state capitalism primarily in its desire to simply swap out government officials with business officials (Black 1984).
SON  philosophy  individualism  state  Pol.11  Pol.12  Power_materials  collective  Society 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
How To Give A Great Short Speech - Business Insider
You can find a lot of advice out there on how to give a big speech on front of a big audience —b ut how often do most of us do that? More often, you're likely asked to take a few minutes to address a smaller group — sometimes with little or no warning. The next time that happens to you, here are seven things to keep in mind.
Pol.11  Pol.12  speeches  presentation  Public_Speaking 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
The Future of Reputation: Gossip, Rumor, and Privacy on the Internet
It all began in realspace, on a subway train in South Korea. A young woman’s small dog pooped in the train. Other passengers asked her to clean it up, but she told them to mind their own business. That’s when it moved over to cyberspace and became even uglier.
Someone took photos of her and posted them on a popular Ko- rean blog. A blog, short for “Web log,” is a running online commen- tary about one’s life or about the issues of the day. Another blogger, Don Park, explains what happened next:
Within hours, she was labeled gae-ttong-nyue (dog shit girl) and her pic- tures and parodies were everywhere. Within days, her identity and her past were revealed. Requests for information about her parents and relatives started popping up and people started to recognize her by the dog and the bag she was carrying as well as her watch, clearly visible in the original pic- ture. All mentions of privacy invasion were shouted down. . . . The com- mon excuse for their behavior was that the girl doesn’t deserve privacy.
Passions  reasoning  morals  networks  Computers_and_Internet  Pol.11  Pol.12  Power_in_America 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
Want to Make Hunter-Gatherers Irrational? Expose Them to Free Markets - Big Think
A well-known example of irrational decision-making people's tendency to overvalue the things they own (I would pay $1 for a coffee mug but will demand $5 for an identical coffee mug that happens to be mine). This bias of "the mind" is called the "endowment effect" and is often assumed to be universal (and therefore explained as the work of evolution). But in this paper Coren Apicella, Eduardo Azevedo, James Fowler, and Nicholas A. Christakis found that some people and some minds don't have this bias at all. Rather than being built-in to human nature, they write, the endowment effect may be a habit of mind that people learn in market-oriented societies. If that's true, it means that (for this trait at least) the hunter-gatherers described in the research were more rational before they were exposed to modern capitalism.
Pol.11  Pol.12  Economics  SON  Power_materials  marketing  teaching_pol_theory 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
Want to Make Hunter-Gatherers Irrational? Expose Them to Free Markets - Evonomics
Apicella et al. ran their experiment on 91 Hadza Bushmen, who are among the last hunter-gatherer groups on the planet. In northern Tanzania, where they live, eco-tourism has created an almost-perfect sounding “natural experiment” to test for the effects of contact with modernity, the authors write. This is because some Hadza live near a major road, and have become assimilated into the tourist trade. During the three or four month high season for the tours, 10-20 cars per week will stop at Hadza camps, sometimes hiring Hadza men to take the visitors on hunts. Hadza in this area now make more bows and arrows than they need, so they can sell them to tourists, and they often drop in to a nearby village to buy things with the money they’ve been paid by the tour guides. On the other hand, Hadza who don’t live near the road see very few tourists and aren’t involved in that economy at all.
Pol.11  Pol.12  SON  Economics  Power_materials  marketing  capitalism  teaching_pol_theory 
december 2018 by Jibarosoy
From Recovery to Union Renewal | Portside
When I walked Woonsocket’s largely empty Main Street with its iconic “Bienvenu” sign and scattered former factories, therefore, it was with more than a detached analytic gaze. I spoke with many residents — sixty, so far — and asked them about things I knew: work, wages, unions, politics. Everyone had something to say.

Artie, a forty-eight-year-old out-of-work carpenter told me, “These are hard times, bro. I’ve probably built a million houses, I’ve been a productive part of society, and for what? Some fucking asshole up in Boca Raton?”

Theresa, a forty-two-year-old single mother who had escaped an abusive relationship only to find a cold shoulder on the job market relayed her experience: “I filled out an application and they weren’t hiring anybody who didn’t have a college degree. They wanted people who are ‘future-oriented,’ they don’t want riff-raffs.’’
Pol.11  Power_in_America  class  inequalities  marxism  capitalism  work  organizing 
november 2018 by Jibarosoy
Opinion | How to Have a Conversation With Your Angry Uncle Over Thanksgiving - The New York Times
Thanksgiving is a beloved holiday because it’s a time to gather with relatives from afar. It’s a dreaded holiday for the same reason.

Many of us aren’t accustomed to socializing with people who think differently from us, especially about politics. Our political attitudes and beliefs are intertwined with our most basic human needs – needs for safety, belonging, identity, self-esteem and purpose – and when they’re threatened, we’re biologically wired to respond as if we’re in physical peril.

So how can you talk with people who disagree with you without setting off this fight-or-flight response? Drawing on extensive online dialogues with conservatives and my own background in psychiatry and political psychology, I developed a five-step method to help people have difficult conversations.

Across the country, members of my nonprofit group, Smart Politics, are using this process to heal relationships damaged in the wake of the 2016 election. Many report being able to discuss politics with family members for the first time in years.

Thanksgiving is the perfect time for you to give it a try. Before the big day, practice discussing a couple of difficult topics with Angry Uncle Bot, a chat program created to help teach you the techniques.
Pol.11  Power_in_America  Power_materials  ideology  politics  state  economy 
november 2018 by Jibarosoy
The Ship of Theseus: A Brilliant Ancient Thought Experiment Exploring What Makes You You – Brain Pickings
Two millennia before modern psychologists came to tussle with this puzzlement, the great Greek historian and writer Plutarch examined it more lucidly than anyone before or since. In a brilliant thought experiment known as The Ship of Theseus, or Theseus’s paradox, outlined (though not for the first or last time) in his biographical masterwork Plutarch’s Lives (free ebook | public library), Plutarch asks: If the ship on which Theseus sailed has been so heavily repaired and nearly every part replaced, is it still the same ship — and, if not, at what point did it stop being the same ship?
honors  philosophy  Pol.11  self  individualism 
november 2018 by Jibarosoy
Protester at 'We the People' rally Charged With Punching Cop
Philly protesters showed up in force to oppose what was touted on social media as an alleged white-nationalist rally in Philadelphia purportedly organized by the "Proud Boys." Now, some of them are fundraising to support a Jewish man who was misidentified as a "Nazi" and beaten up during the event, at which only two so-called Proud Boys were spotted.

 
The "We the People" rally in Old City on Nov. 17 only had two dozen actual participants, but hundreds of protesters were also at Independence Mall – separated from the rally by Philly police – denouncing the rally-goers as "Proud Boys" and Nazis.

 
The protesters included a cross-section of politically involved Philadelphians, ranging Philly Socialists, Antifa, the IRA, and a socialist, Antifa-leaning group calling themselves the "Fellow Worker Gritty Coalition," in honor of viral Philadelphia Flyers mascot Gritty.
Pol.11  Trump  Passions  reasoning  Violence_y_Power  Power_in_America 
november 2018 by Jibarosoy
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