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5 Things Donald Trump Can Teach Us About Leadership
Love him or hate him, Donald Trump is a successful businessman with strong leadership skills. Regardless of your political viewpoint, The Donald has been successful in business and real estate for the last few decades. The business world has known him for years with his real estate success and mainstream America recognizes him for The Apprentice television series. Even more recently, with his decision to run for President, he is a part of popular American culture and discussion.
Trump  Leadership  Pol._147  Passions  Power_in_America  Groups  racism 
september 2018 by Jibarosoy
Is Donald Trump a Charismatic Leader? - The Atlantic
It could be because Trump, like many charismatic leaders, casts his arguments in ways that tickle the emotional parts of our brains while telling the more rational lobes to shush. That’s the process explored by Sara E. Gorman, a public-health expert, and her father, Jack M. Gorman, a psychiatrist and CEO of Franklin Behavioral Health Consultants, in their new book, Denying to the Grave: Why We Ignore the Facts That Will Save Us. “Persuaders might want to reduce the possibility of dissonance by constantly reassuring people that they have made the right choice ... or that there is no viable reasonable alternative,” they write. (Remember “I alone can fix it?”)
Trump  Leadership  Pol._147  Power_in_America  Passions  Groups  influence 
september 2018 by Jibarosoy
Bribery, Cooperation, and the Evolution of Prosocial Institutions - Evonomics
There is nothing natural [1] about democracy. There is nothing natural about living in communities with complete strangers. There is nothing natural about large-scale anonymous cooperation. Yet, this morning, I bought a coffee from Starbucks with no fear of being poisoned or cheated. I caught a train on London’s underground packed with people I’ve never met before and will probably never meet again. If we were commuting chimps in a space that small, it would have been a scene out of the latest Planet of the Apes by the time we reached Holborn station. We’ll return to this mystery in a moment.
IPE  pol.639  democracy  Pol._185  state  Power_materials  Violence_y_Power  trust  Groups  SON  Pol.11  evolution  society  passions 
march 2018 by Jibarosoy
What Google Learned From Its Quest to Build the Perfect Team - The New York Times
As the researchers studied the groups, however, they noticed two behaviors that all the good teams generally shared. First, on the good teams, members spoke in roughly the same proportion, a phenomenon the researchers referred to as ‘‘equality in distribution of conversational turn-taking.’’ On some teams, everyone spoke during each task; on others, leadership shifted among teammates from assignment to assignment. But in each case, by the end of the day, everyone had spoken roughly the same amount. ‘‘As long as everyone got a chance to talk, the team did well,’’ Woolley said. ‘‘But if only one person or a small group spoke all the time, the collective intelligence declined.’’

Second, the good teams all had high ‘‘average social sensitivity’’ — a fancy way of saying they were skilled at intuiting how others felt based on their tone of voice, their expressions and other nonverbal cues. One of the easiest ways to gauge social sensitivity is to show someone photos of people’s eyes and ask him or her to describe what the people are thinking or feeling — an exam known as the Reading the Mind in the Eyes test. People on the more successful teams in Woolley’s experiment scored above average on the Reading the Mind in the Eyes test. They seemed to know when someone was feeling upset or left out. People on the ineffective teams, in contrast, scored below average. They seemed, as a group, to have less sensitivity toward their colleagues.
Pol.11  Power_materials  Passions  reasoning  Groups  groupwork  individualism  Sports 
february 2018 by Jibarosoy
‘Cheddar Man,’ Britain’s Oldest Skeleton, Had Dark Skin, DNA Shows - The New York Times
He had dark skin, brown curly hair and blue eyes, DNA tests suggest, upending a common assumption that Britain’s indigenous populations were all pale skinned with fair features.

He is “Cheddar Man,” Britain’s oldest complete skeleton, which was discovered in 1903 in Gough’s Cave near the village of Cheddar in Somerset, in southwest England. He lived about 10,000 years ago in the Mesolithic period, the middle part of the Stone Age.

Scientists have now reconstructed his features, demonstrating that he was part of a population of ancient Western Europeans that, scientists have shown in recent years, had dark skin. Research has shown that fair skin pigmentation — long considered a defining feature of Europe — only goes back less than 6,000 years.
Race  Genetics  anthropology  Power_materials  Passions  Groups  racism 
february 2018 by Jibarosoy
The Invisible Hook: How Pirate Society Proves Economic Self-Interest Wrong - Evonomics
Here are some of the facts about pirate society that cry out for an explanation. Famous for their barbarism toward their victims, it is easy to assume that pirates must also be barbarous among themselves, but nothing is further from the truth. Most pirate societies were scrupulously democratic. They voted on who was to be their captain and were quick to vote him out if he didn’t perform. They limited the authority of their captain to battle situations and elected another officer, the Quartermaster, to oversee the daily round of life on board. The Captain and Quartermaster received a mere two shares of captured booty, compared to 1 share for each member of the crew. A significant proportion of pirate crews were black and while some were slaves, others were treated as equals. Pirates created an insurance system for themselves with an agreed upon payment for the loss of each body part.
Violence_y_Power  Pol.11  Economics  evolution  Groups  Power_materials  Passions 
december 2017 by Jibarosoy
For Trump, an Embassy in Jerusalem Is a Political Decision, Not a Diplomatic One - The New York Times
For Mr. Trump, the status of Jerusalem was always more a political imperative than a diplomatic dilemma. Faced with disappointing evangelical and pro-Israel backers like Mr. Adelson, or alarming allies and Arab leaders while jeopardizing his own peace initiative, the president sided with his key supporters.
Passions  reasoning  Groups  Trump  Power_in_America  conservative  Religion 
december 2017 by Jibarosoy
What to Wear to Smash the State - The New York Times
Nearly immediately, the benefits of such a uniform were realized.

“Everyone quickly figured out,” Mr. Young wrote, that “having a massive group of people all dressed the same with their faces covered not only helps in defending against the police, but also makes it easier for saboteurs to take the offensive against storefronts, banks and any other material symbols and power centers of capitalism and the state.”
Passions  reasoning  Power_materials  Violence_y_Power  Pol._11  clothing  Groups 
december 2017 by Jibarosoy
Bill Clinton, Roy Moore and the Power of Social Identity - The New York Times
In the case of Mr. Moore, his Alabama supporters and voters have rallied to his defense, saying that he was “innocent until proven guilty” and that the accusations are sponsored by Democrats — the “them” to their “us.” There were some similar expressions of innocence until proven guilty regarding Hollywood celebrities, but in many cases those accused have quickly lost jobs, entered therapy and often expressed regret. Democrats in Congress have so far shown little willingness to defend Mr. Franken, although President Trump has criticized his conduct.

Mr. Franken has apologized, yet he may still face ethics sanctions, and the effect on his political career remains unclear. Mr. Moore may ultimately end up regretful and unemployed, but the way in which people reacted to these accusations illustrates the power of social identity and how it is possible for people to live in the same communities and believe very different things are real.
Passions  reasoning  Groups  groupwork  politics  Psychology  identity  Power_in_America 
november 2017 by Jibarosoy
How to Hire Like the NFL’s Best Teams | Organizational Physics by Lex Sisney
The Team Leaders in quadrant 1 demonstrate high skills and fit for this position or role, they have shared vision and values, and they demand fair compensation (defined as at or below market rates for your industry and corporate lifecycle stage) for this position. That is, they could get more money elsewhere but they choose to take less because they intrinsically value being part of the team and opportunity in a role that is well suited to their strengths and interests.
Team Leaders define “the way” of your organization much like Peyton Manning or Tom Brady are team leaders who define the way of their respective teams. “Hey rookie, see how Peyton Manning studies film every morning at 6am? That’s the kind of player we want around here. Prepare like he does and you’ll do just fine.”
Think of your Team Leaders as stars, starters, or captains. You want to reward and retain them for as long as possible. Give them ownership opportunities, career paths, autonomy, and support them as role models for the rest of the company.
Passions  reasoning  groupwork  Groups  Sports  Leadership 
november 2017 by Jibarosoy
The More Education Republicans Have, the Less They Tend to Believe in Climate Change - The New York Times
This can trigger what social scientists call a polarization effect, as described by John Zaller, a political scientist at the University of California, Los Angeles, in his 1992 book about mass opinion. When political elites disagree, their views tend to be adopted first by higher-educated partisans on both sides, who become more divided as they acquire more information.

It may be easier to think about in terms of simple partisanship. Most Americans know what party they belong to, but they can’t be expected to know the details of every issue, so they tend to adopt the views of the leaders of the party they already identify with.
Passions  reasoning  politics  Groups  groupwork  Psychology 
november 2017 by Jibarosoy
What We Can Learn from the Common Goal of a Football Team
“Getting the mind right, and getting them to understand and care for each other and take ownership of each other, that’s crucial,” said Jimbo Fisher in 2010 when he took over for Bobby Bowden, the winningest Division I college football coach of all-time. Fisher was referring to his process of coaching the players. Right from the start he made teamwork an emphasis, and chose players that understood the value of working with one another not as individuals waiting for their NFL draft pick.

Key to the team’s recent success is Heisman Trophy winning quarterback Jameis Winston. Both his coaches and teammates have lauded him for his unshakable commitment to the team. Jimbo Fisher has said that Winston has a tremendous, “drive for teamwork and winning, ultimately not being an individual guy.” With Jimbo Fisher and Jameis Winston in leadership roles it comes as no surprise that the FSU football team was able to achieve a 14-0 season and win the BCS national championship last year.
Passions  reasoning  groupwork  Groups  Psychology  evolution 
november 2017 by Jibarosoy
How to Get Away With Murder in Small-Town India - The New York Times
“You are here with some kind of greed,” he said. “You want some kind of news. But what am I getting from you? I gave up two hours of my time. What does that mean to you?”

On the way back to Delhi, we stopped by the town where the dead woman’s mother lived, but I no longer expected to find much interest in our investigation. The woman’s mother had accepted what the village chief told her, that dropping the murder case would be better for Geeta’s four children. That the consequences of provoking a conflict between related clans would have weighed heavily on her. It was all for the best, she said.

The silences between us extended uncomfortably, and I realized she was desperate for us to leave but did not dare to say it.
Passions  reasoning  individualism  Groups  Power_materials  corruption  Violence_y_Power 
august 2017 by Jibarosoy

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