Aetles + humanbody   50

Mer träning minskar risken för livsstilssjukdomar | SVT Nyheter
Vill du minska risken att drabbas av någon livsstilssjukdom kan du behöva något mer ansträngande än söndagspromenader eller cykelturer till jobbet när solen skiner.
– Rekommendationen är 150 minuter pulshöjande träning i veckan plus styrketräning vid två-tre tillfällen, säger Jessica Norrbom, doktor i fysiologi och forskare vid Karolinska institutet.
träning  hälsa  kost  idrott  humanbody 
21 days ago by Aetles
Allt du behöver veta om kolhydrater och träning | Idrottsforskning
Ska vi få ut max när vi tränar eller tävlar behöver kroppen ha tillgång till kolhydrater som energikälla. Men hur lägger man bäst upp sitt kolhydratintag? Vad är viktigast att tänka på innan, under och efter träning/tävling?

Kolhydrater är ett viktigt bränsle i samband med träning och tävling. Historiskt har fokus legat på att säkerställa en hög nivå av muskelglykogen (ett sätt kroppen lagrar kolhydrater på) innan arbetet påbörjats, exempelvis med hjälp av kolhydratladdning. Idag har fokus kring kolhydrater breddats till att även inbegripa kolhydratintag under det fysiska arbetet och den efterföljande återhämtningen.

Hur bör man lägga upp sitt kolhydratintag – före, under och efter träning och tävling? Vilka typer av kolhydrater funkar bäst? Vilka mängder behöver man få i sig för att optimera prestationen?

Denna artikel ger svar och rekommendationer runt dessa frågor utifrån den samlade kunskap som idag finns kring kolhydrater och träning för vuxna.
träning  training  humanbody  science  kosttillskott  sport  idrott  simning  tävling  athletes  kolhydrater  carbs 
march 2019 by Aetles
Commentary: The complicated case of transgender cyclist Dr. Rachel McKinnon –
The debate over cycling's first transgender world champion can't be resolved, but it can be better understood.
humanbody  athletes  science  competition  transgender 
december 2018 by Aetles
Don't Worry About Exercising Too Much | Outside Online
The question of whether too much aerobic exercise is bad for your heart was hotly debated for several years after that 2012 study. The Cooper Clinic data, when it was finally published in a peer-reviewed journal more than two years later, had been reanalyzed so that the supposed dangers of too much running disappeared. But by then the idea was firmly implanted in the public mind: marathons are dangerous. (I wrote in depth on this dispute, and how the evidence has shifted, in this 2016 feature.) The topic no longer pops up in the headlines as regularly as it did a few years ago, but it’s still lurking in people’s minds.
running  health  training  marathon  aerobic  exercise  humanbody  science  research 
november 2018 by Aetles
Here’s what happened when I quit drinking a year ago - The Washington Post
I sipped my last chilled vodka with lime last September. There wasn’t a lot of pomp when I bid farewell to cocktails. I didn’t want to broadcast my decision because I’d unsuccessfully tried to go long stretches before. Usually I made it a couple of days, maybe a few weeks. When I started this time, I didn’t know how long my booze break would last. Maybe a month, I figured.

That 30 days turned into more than a year. Although I miss the instant relaxation that comes when alcohol hits the bloodstream, I don’t long for what came after: occasional hangovers, interrupted sleep and feeling inexplicably sad when I woke up. I realized I was having a drink or few every day — and although it wasn’t wrecking my life or my health, I wanted to know what would happen if I stopped.
drinking  depression  alcohol  health  humanbody 
november 2018 by Aetles
Vitamin D and Fish Oils Are Ineffective for Preventing Cancer and Heart Disease - The New York Times
In recent years, many Americans have embraced vitamin D and fish oil pills, their enthusiasm fueled by a steady trickle of suggestive research studies linking higher levels of vitamin D with lower rates of cancer and other ills, and fish consumption with reduced heart disease.

Now a large and rigorous government-funded randomized trial — the only such study of omega-3 fish oils ever carried out in healthy adults, and the largest trial ever done of high-dose vitamin D — has found the supplements do not lower cancer rates in healthy adults. Nor do they reduce the rate of major cardiovascular events, a composite of heart attacks, strokes and deaths from cardiovascular disease. The trial is of the kind considered the gold standard in medicine.
eating  diet  health  humanbody  body  research  disease  supplements  kosttillskott  kost 
november 2018 by Aetles
David Ek: Vill du äta antiinflammatoriskt?
Jag ser en tydlig trend i kostsammanhang där målet med dieten blir mer och mer specifikt och samtidigt mer och mer diffust. Man vill i allt högre grad komma åt någon viss specifik parameter i hälsan, nu är det kroppens nivåer av inflammationsmarkörer som är i ropet. Målet är förstås en bättre hälsa och sänkt risk för olika åkommor men vägen dit är betydligt mer diffus än kanske någonsin tidigare och om inte  omöjligt så är det åtminstone oerhört svårt att se om man nått sitt mål.

Varför menar jag då att inflammation inte är så lätt att sätta fingret på? Vi har i mer än 20 år vetat att det som brukar kallas låggradig inflammation är en viktig drivkraft bakom flera av våra viktigaste folksjukdomar såsom hjärt- och kärlsjukdom, cancer och diabetes. Att minska graden av inflammation borde då vara en no-brainer. 

Nja, det är inte fullt så enkelt. Om inflammation är bra eller dåligt, något vi vill bli av med eller ha mer av är situationsberoende och också beroende av källan till inflammationen.
kost  hälsa  mat  ätande  eating  body  food  humanbody 
november 2018 by Aetles
What Happened When I Started Intuitive Eating | A Cup of Jo
But I didn’t know any other way. I needed some kind of diet deprogramming, but did that even exist? As it turned out, yes. It’s called intuitive eating.

That’s how I describe intuitive eating when someone asks me what it is. It’s not a new concept; the anti-diet has been around pretty much since the diet. Dietitians Elyse Resch and Evelyn Tribole were among the first to turn it into an actual program, which they laid out in their book, Intuitive Eating (first published in 1995, followed by two later editions). Intuitive eating was soon adopted by a number of nutrition professionals (and eating disorder treatment programs), but still, it’s the kind of mystical-sounding phrase that often raises eyebrows — which tend to shoot up even higher when I explain the fundamentals. In intuitive eating, you can (and should) eat whatever you want. There are no good or bad foods, no points, no goal weight — no focus on weight whatsoever. The point is to eradicate all those judgments and emotional hang-ups we’ve attached to eating, and learn to see food as just food again. Perhaps even crazier, you learn to trust yourself to make your own choices. Everything is on the table.
eating  health  body  humanbody  diet  food 
november 2018 by Aetles
Antiinflammatoriska läkemedel hämmar muskeltillväxt | Idrottsforskning
Idrottare är flitiga användare av antiinflammatoriska läkemedel (NSAID) i hopp om att påskynda återhämtning eller minska smärta och träningsvärk. Nya forskningsrön visar dock att höga doser har en negativ påverkan både på muskeluppbyggnad och styrka.
träning  training  nsaid  läkemedel  värk  pain  humanbody  research  science 
october 2018 by Aetles
Speaking while exercising? Not if you want to get fitter - The Globe and Mail
The Queen’s researchers have a surprisingly simple suggestion, which they tested in a separate experiment: “We also found that prescribing exercise at an intensity where participants could not speak comfortably resulted in consistently high blood lactate responses,” Bonafiglia said.

This approach, known as the Talk Test, involved asking participants to count to 30 at “a regular conversational pace and volume” while cycling. If they could do it comfortably, they were asked to speed up slightly until it began to get difficult.

And that’s pretty much it.

In an age of pervasive fitness technology and self-monitoring, there’s some irony in the triumph of mere conversation as a more sensitive barometer of exercise intensity than the expensive gold-standard laboratory approach. But it’s also a reminder of an unvarnished truth that athletes have always known: To get fitter, you have to work hard, no matter what your wearable tech tells you.
exercise  training  health  humanbody  research 
september 2018 by Aetles
A carb called fructan may be the real culprit behind gluten sensitivity - Vox
Some people could be blaming the wrong element in wheat for their sore stomachs.
gluten  food  eating  research  ibs  health  humanbody 
august 2018 by Aetles
Early Time-Restricted Feeding Improves Insulin Sensitivity, Blood Pressure, and Oxidative Stress Even without Weight Loss in Men with Prediabetes: Cell Metabolism
•Early time-restricted feeding (eTRF) increases insulin sensitivity
•eTRF also improves β cell function and lowers blood pressure and oxidative stress
•eTRF lowers the desire to eat in the evening, which may facilitate weight loss
•Intermittent fasting can improve health even in the absence of weight loss
Intermittent fasting (IF) improves cardiometabolic health; however, it is unknown whether these effects are due solely to weight loss. We conducted the first supervised controlled feeding trial to test whether IF has benefits independent of weight loss by feeding participants enough food to maintain their weight. Our proof-of-concept study also constitutes the first trial of early time-restricted feeding (eTRF), a form of IF that involves eating early in the day to be in alignment with circadian rhythms in metabolism. Men with prediabetes were randomized to eTRF (6-hr feeding period, with dinner before 3 p.m.) or a control schedule (12-hr feeding period) for 5 weeks and later crossed over to the other schedule. eTRF improved insulin sensitivity, β cell responsiveness, blood pressure, oxidative stress, and appetite. We demonstrate for the first time in humans that eTRF improves some aspects of cardiometabolic health and that IF’s effects are not solely due to weight loss.
intermittentfasting  fasting  eating  science  research  health  body  humanbody  diet 
may 2018 by Aetles
Här är livsmedlen som kan vara farliga för dig | Metro
Är champinjoner cancerframkallande och hur mycket arsenik är det egentligen i ris? Metro har gått igenom Livsmedelsverkets rekommendationer när det gäller intag av några av våra vanligaste livsmedel.
food  health  eating  mat  hälsa  ätande  livsmedel  humanbody 
january 2018 by Aetles
Weight Training Is the Best Exercise for Bone Strength |
For many, weight training calls to mind bodybuilders pumping iron in pursuit of beefy biceps and bulging pecs. But experts say it’s well past time to discard those antiquated notions of what resistance training can do for your physique and health. Modern exercise science shows that working with weights—whether that weight is a light dumbbell or your own body—may be the best exercise for lifelong physical function and fitness.
“To me, resistance training is the most important form of training for overall health and wellness,” says Brad Schoenfeld, an assistant professor of exercise science at New York City’s Lehman College. During the past decade, Schoenfeld has published more than 30 academic papers on every aspect of resistance training—from the biomechanics of the push-up to the body’s nutrient needs following a hard lift. Many people think of weight training as exercise that augments muscle size and strength, which is certainly true. But Schoenfeld says the “load” that this form of training puts on bones and their supporting muscles, tendons and ligaments is probably a bigger deal when it comes to health and physical function.
health  training  exercise  humanbody  muscles  strength 
june 2017 by Aetles
Boost Your Workouts With Caffeine, Even if You Chug Coffee Daily - The New York Times
Caffeine improves athletic performance. This is a truth almost universally acknowledged in exercise science.

But scientists, coaches and athletes also have thought that to gain any performance boost from taking caffeine before an event, an athlete had to abstain from the stuff for days or weeks before a big event.

A new study published in the Journal of Applied Physiology intimates, however, that these ideas about caffeine and performance are out of date and that someone can swill coffee every day and still get a caffeine performance buzz when needed.
coffee  caffeine  training  exercise  science  humanbody  athletes  competition  diet 
may 2017 by Aetles
How Could the Sodium You Eat Affect Your Weight?
Conventional wisdom has long held that salty foods boost our thirst and lead us to drink more water. But can salt also lead us to eat more, as well?

Researchers have begun to explore salt’s previously unknown role in hunger and weight gain. Several recent studies shed light on why salt may encourage us to overeat.

“Until now, we have always focused on the effect of salt on blood pressure,” says Jens Titze, MD, associate professor of medicine and of molecular physiology and biophysics at Vanderbilt University in Nashville. “We have to expand our conceptions of salt and diet.”
health  food  eating  humanbody  science  diet  weightloss 
may 2017 by Aetles
The Best Thing to Eat Before a Workout? Maybe Nothing at All - The New York Times
There were considerable differences. Most obviously, the men displayed lower blood sugar levels at the start of their workouts when they had skipped breakfast than when they had eaten. As a result, they burned more fat during walks on an empty stomach than when they had eaten first. On the other hand, they burned slightly more calories, on average, during the workout after breakfast than after fasting.

But it was the impacts deep within the fat cells that may have been the most consequential, the researchers found. Multiple genes behaved differently, depending on whether someone had eaten or not before walking. Many of these genes produce proteins that can improve blood sugar regulation and insulin levels throughout the body and so are associated with improved metabolic health. These genes were much more active when the men had fasted before exercise than when they had breakfasted.

The implication of these results is that to gain the greatest health benefits from exercise, it may be wise to skip eating first, says Dylan Thompson, the director of health research at the University of Bath and senior author of the study.
eating  fasting  intermittentfasting  food  health  humanbody  training 
april 2017 by Aetles
Hungry stomach hormone promotes growth of new brain cells | New Scientist
Could fasting boost your brainpower? A stomach hormone that stimulates appetite seems to promote the growth of new brain cells and protect them from the effects of ageing – and may explain why some people say that fasting makes them feel mentally sharper.

When ghrelin was first discovered, it became known as the hunger hormone. It is made by the stomach when it gets empty, and whenever we go a few hours without food its levels rise in our blood.

But there is also evidence that ghrelin can enhance cognition. Animals that have reduced-calorie diets have better mental abilities, and ghrelin might be part of the reason why. Injecting the hormone into mice improves their performance in learning and memory tests, and seems to boost the number of neuron connections in their brains.

Now Jeffrey Davies at Swansea University, UK, and his team have found further evidence that ghrelin can stimulate brain cells to divide and multiply, a process called neurogenesis. When they added the hormone to mouse brain cells grown in a dish, it switched on a gene known to trigger neurogenesis, called fibroblast growth factor.
eating  fasting  intermittentfasting  diet  food  humanbody  leangains 
april 2017 by Aetles
Maybe moderate drinking isn't so good for you after all
We generally assume moderate drinking (two standard drinks per day) is good for our health.

This idea comes from studies over the past three decades showing moderate drinkers are healthier and less likely to die prematurely than those who drink more, less, or don’t drink at all.

I would be glad if this were true.

But our latest research challenges this view. We found while moderate drinkers are healthier than relatively heavy drinkers or non-drinkers, they are also wealthier. When we control for the influence of wealth, then alcohol’s apparent health benefit is much reduced in women aged 50 years or older, and disappears completely in men of similar age.
health  research  statistics  alcohol  humanbody  drinking 
april 2017 by Aetles
Neurokirurg: Kontraproduktivt demonisera cyklister utan hjälm
– Folk kan också inbilla sig att det är väldigt farligt att cykla och att det är idioti att inte använda hjälm – när det inte finns vetenskapliga bevis för någotdera, säger Jari Siironen.

Siironen sitter med i en God medicinsk praxis-arbetsgrupp för vård av hjärnskador där han tilldelats ansvaret för hjälmar. Han anser att ett hjälmtvång vore till mer skada än nytta, eftersom det skulle göra cyklismen mindre lockande. Särskilt kunde det ha en negativ effekt på folk som cyklar då och då.

Till skillnad från den bild upplysningskampanjerna målar upp, är hjärnskador ganska ovanliga bland cyklister i Finland. Finsk statistik visar att hälften av hjärnskadorna sker bland fotgängare av vilka största delen är berusade.

– Om spriten tog slut i världen, skulle jag bli arbetslös. Om cykelskadorna försvann, skulle jag inte ens märka det, säger Siironen.

Cykelhjälmar skyddar mot ytliga sår och skrapor och Siironen uppmuntrar folk att använda hjälm, men han poängterar att lätta cykelhjälmar inte alls ger ett så bra skydd mot hjärnans rörelser som sker inuti skallen vid fall.
health  humanbody  brain  cykling  hjälm  helmet  head  society 
april 2017 by Aetles
High-intensity interval training rapidly improves diabetics' glucose metabolism -- ScienceDaily
New research reveals that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) increases glucose metabolism in muscles as well as insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetes. After just a two-week training period, the glucose uptake in thigh muscles returned to a normal level.

"It's particularly good news that when it comes to the glucose metabolism and endurance it does not seem to matter in whether the exercise takes place over a longer period of time as moderate training or over a short period as high-interval training. Everyone can choose the type of training that suits them best. In general, you can achieve the best results for you body by using both training methods," encourages Sjöros.
exercise  health  humanbody  training  body  research  diabetes 
april 2017 by Aetles
Supplement Goals Reference |
If you've found this page, then you're probably looking to find out the truth about supplements - which work, and which don't . You know that supplements can help, but you don't know who to trust. Everywhere you turn, you're overwhelmed with companies promising you the latest and the greatest.

For the past five and a half years, we've been trudging through thousands and thousands of peer-reviewed scientific studies so that we can thoroughly understand supplements. Having analyzed over 33,000 individual studies, we've come to learn what works (and what doesn't).

Now, before we go any further, it's important to note: we are NOT here to sell you supplements. We don't own a line of supplements that we will steer you towards.

Beyond that, we're not in cahoots with anyone that does. In fact, we make NO brand recommendations. We make NO product recommendations. All we do is make sense of scientific research on supplementation and nutrition.

We've been compiling this research for a long time, and our Supplement-Goals Reference Guide puts it all together in an easy-to-use manner. You simply look up whichever supplement (eg "Vitamin D") or health goal (eg "blood glucose") you're interested in, and you will instantly know which supplements work (and which don't). Our guide literally solves all your supplement confusion.
supplements  health  body  humanbody  training  muscles  food  science 
march 2017 by Aetles
Feed Your Kids Peanuts, Early and Often, New Guidelines Urge - The New York Times
Peanuts are back on the menu. In a significant reversal from past advice, new national health guidelines call for parents to give their children foods containing peanuts early and often, starting when they’re infants, as a way to help avoid life-threatening peanut allergies.
allergies  health  children  infants  eating  humanbody  science 
february 2017 by Aetles
Why Running Helps Clear Your Mind -- Science of Us
A good run can sometimes make you feel like a brand-new person. And, in a way, that feeling may be literally true. About three decades of research in neuroscience have identified a robust link between aerobic exercise and subsequent cognitive clarity, and to many in this field the most exciting recent finding in this area is that of neurogenesis. Not so many years ago, the brightest minds in neuroscience thought that our brains got a set amount of neurons, and that by adulthood, no new neurons would be birthed. But this turned out not to be true. Studies in animal models have shown that new neurons are produced in the brain throughout the lifespan, and, so far, only one activity is known to trigger the birth of those new neurons: vigorous aerobic exercise, said Karen Postal, president of the American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology. “That’s it,” she said. “That’s the only trigger that we know about.”
health  running  humanbody  brain  science 
december 2016 by Aetles
The New Science of Exercise | TIME
Doctors, researchers, scientists--even ancient philosophers--have long claimed exercise works like a miracle drug. Now they have proof
training  body  humanbody  muscles  health 
december 2016 by Aetles
Intermittent fasta och styrketräning
Intermittent fasta är ett ämne som har varit populärt att diskutera i flera år nu även om dess popularitet verkar gå lite i vågor. Personligen upplever jag i alla fall att det snackades mer om det för kanske 4-5 år sen för att sen lugna ner sig lite, och sen fick det lite ny fart samtidigt som 5:2-dieten slog igenom vilket faktiskt även det är en typ av intermittent fasta.

När det gäller styrketräning och intermittent fasta här i Sverige så är det dock ingen tvekan om att det är Martin Berkhans leangains där du äter under 8 timmar och fastar 16 varje dag som har varit och fortfarande är störst.

Det är heller ingen tvekan om att det upplägget har fungerat väldigt bra för många. Om man söker runt på nätet så finns det folk som påstår att det skulle vara en väldigt dålig idé att äta enligt leangains om man försöker bygga muskler med motiveringen att du är katabol under för lång tid. De som påstår att effekten skulle vara så dramatisk verkar dock inte ha funderat kring att det är uppenbart att många faktiskt får väldigt bra resultat. Så det är ingen tvekan om att upplägget kan fungera väldigt bra.

Om det skulle vara bättre eller sämre än andra upplägg kommer därför att handla mer om små skillnader. Utöver ordentlig styrketräning, tillräckligt med protein, tillräckligt med sömn och en hyfsad koll på kaloriintaget så finns det med största sannolikhet inte någonting som du själv kan kontrollera som har en särskilt betydande effekt på dina resultat.

Studiemässigt är det tyvärr dåligt med studier på människor och de som finns har vanligen handlat om studier där man fokuserat på viktnedgång hos feta personer. Man har inte inkluderat någon träning och oftast har det varit 5:2 eller liknande upplägg med en mer långvarig fasta eller en period med väldigt lågt kaloriintag följt av en period med ”normalt” kaloriintag.

För ungefär en vecka sen publicerades dock äntligen en studie med ett upplägg väldigt likt leangains där man dessutom använde sig av redan tränade personer (1). Det är alltså en studie som faktiskt kan ge en början till ett svar på om det finns några mindre fördelar eller nackdelar med intermittent fasta á la leangains kontra att äta lite när som helst.
food  eating  health  humanbody  diet  training  leangains 
october 2016 by Aetles
How to Start Running - Well Guide to Running for Beginners - Well Guides - The New York Times
Running is a great way to get fit, feel better and even form new relationships with other runners. Starting a new running habit doesn’t have to be hard — all it takes is a comfortable pair of shoes and a willingness to move a little or a lot, all at your own pace. The Well Guide makes it easy to get started, get inspired and stay on track. Are you ready? Let’s go!
health  running  fitness  exercise  humanbody  training 
october 2016 by Aetles
How to Build Muscle 💪🏼
This guide is the result of one year's research into what modern science proves is the most efficient way to build muscle. It's for both men and women.

I wrote this guide because — even in 2016 — much of the casual weightlifting advice is unsubstantiated and misleading. I can't blame most bloggers for it, because many of the facts in this guide has not been broadly published outside of scientific literature. 

This guide contradicts much of the popular bodybuilding recommendations, including the myth that women have a harder time gaining beginner muscle, that exercise rest times should be kept to 1–3 minutes, that you have to regularly switch up your exercises, that machine exercises are less effective than barbell ones, and so on.

Throughout this guide, I consistently support my claims by citing studies and showing you how to measure your weekly gains so you can confirm you're growing. 
health  fitness  guide  humanbody  training  muscles 
october 2016 by Aetles
Don’t blame lactic acid for sore muscles | ScienceNordic
People have believed for years that high levels of lactic acid in your muscles after a hard workout are the reason you feel tired and sore. Turns out this is just wrong.
body  exercise  muscles  humanbody  science  research 
september 2016 by Aetles
The Real Reason We Don’t Have Male Birth Control -- Science of Us
Women usually release one egg per month, but men can produce 1,000 sperm per second. The target is a lot bigger.

As David Sokal, M.D., chair and director of the Male Contraception Initiative, told Vice last year:

Unfortunately, there’s a basic physiological difference, and that is that it’s easy to fool the ovaries with a very low dose of hormones to make the ovaries think a woman is pregnant, and so the ovaries will stop ovulation. However, there’s no similar situation for male sperm production; there’s no normal state where sperm production stops.
Using hormones to prevent sperm creation requires really high doses that cause side effects. Since women’s birth control already has side-effect problems and men are fertile for much longer than women are, this wouldn’t be an improvement on current offerings. Plus, men could still impregnate someone for three months after halting new sperm production as that’s how long it takes for existing sperm to get cleared out.
humanbody  sex  reproduction  birthcontrol 
july 2016 by Aetles
Closest Thing to a Wonder Drug? Try Exercise - The New York Times
After I wrote last year that diet, not exercise, was the key to weight loss, I was troubled by how some readers took this to mean that exercise therefore had no value.

Nothing could be further from the truth. Of all the things we as physicians can recommend for health, few provide as much benefit as physical activity.

In 2015, the Academy of Medical Royal Colleges put out a report calling exercise a “miracle cure.” This isn’t a conclusion based simply on some cohort or case-control studies. There are many, many randomized controlled trials. A huge meta-analysis examined the effect of exercise therapy on outcomes in people with chronic diseases.
health  fitness  exercise  humanbody 
june 2016 by Aetles
Is Gluten Sensitivity Really a Carb Issue? | University of Michigan
Functional bowel disorder is an umbrella term used to describe glitches in how your stomach and bowels function or work. Patients with FBDs may have symptoms such as nausea, bloating, stomach pain, diarrhea and constipation.

Unlike patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), who may exhibit similar symptoms, the organs and digestive tract of an FBD patient may be appear normal on tests such as endoscopy and blood work. FBDs are very common and include irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia.

Patients with FBD do not experience any nutritional deficiencies because of absorption issues in the gastrointestinal tract, but they very often have restricted their food intake to the point that they are no longer eating a well-balanced diet.

Because FBD patients can experience gastrointestinal distress when eating specific foods, these patients start eliminating those foods from their diet. The problem is that without careful consideration and guidance, this self-restricted diet most likely eliminates more foods than necessary.

A careful nutrition plan, developed with assistance from your health care provider, can help address these issues.
food  eating  health  ibs  humanbody 
may 2016 by Aetles
Superfoods List: Best Foods That Burn Fat & Help You Lose Weight
Ohhh, that’s right. Because superfoods are fucking bullshit.

You see, back here in reality…

There is no single food that will cause you to lose fat.
There is no single food that will prevent you from gaining fat.
There is no single food that will cause you to build muscle.
There is no single food that will make you healthy.
There is no single food that will prevent or cure a disease.
There is no single food that will make up for an inadequate overall diet or workout program.
And no, there is no combination of different supposedly “special” foods that you can include together in your diet that will make any of these things happen, either.

The truth is, you could scour the Earth to locate every superfood that has ever been included on every one of these stupid useless lists and then proceed to consume all of them every single day for the rest of your life. And guess what?

You could still very easily be a fat (even obese… even morbidly obese), un-muscular, unhealthy person with numerous diseases and medical issues.
food  health  humanbody  eating  diet  weightloss 
may 2016 by Aetles
How to Eat Street Food Without Getting Sick - Legal Nomads : Legal Nomads
As a strong proponent of eating the street, I wanted to put together a post about how I avoid getting sick from food as I travel. I realize people are worried about food poisoning, and the advice out there does seem to suggest restaurants are safer. I strongly disagree, with some caveats. Once you know what to look for, pay attention to what locals eat and when, then you are on your way to successful, delicious meals that serve as experiences as well as dinner.

No advice is a fail-proof method, but this is what has worked for me.
eating  food  travel  heath  humanbody 
january 2016 by Aetles
Forskare säger att detox är bullsh*t. Men på Instagram höjs detoxteer och -juicer till skyarna.
En samlad expertkår har i flera års tid kallat detox för nonsens, med argument om att kroppen renar sig själv, men ändå fortsätter detoxtrenden att växa med nya produkter.

Bild: Lotta-Karin Klinge Härberg
– Levern och njurarna har som funktion att rena kroppen hela livet, och man kan liksom inte ”hjälpa till” där. Att dricka gröna juicer gör inget extra för din lever, säger Lotta-Karin Klinge Härberg som jobbar som verksamhetschef på dietistkliniken vid Karolinska universitetssjukhuset.

Ur näringssynpunkt är det betydligt mer intressant att vända på idén och tänka att man ska bygga upp kroppen.
Hon menar att det som ställer till det är själva begreppet ”detox”.

– De flesta som pratar om att göra en detox menar nog inte att de ska avgifta sig från toxiner. Det handlar mer om att man vill ha en nystart, att bryta med dåliga vanor, och det är det verkligen inget fel med, säger Lotta-Karin Klinge Härberg, men understryker att du inte kan rensa ut toxiner genom att dricka juice i ett par veckor.

– Ur näringssynpunkt är det betydligt mer intressant att vända på idén och tänka att man ska bygga upp kroppen med nyttiga juicer och grönsaker.
hälsa  detox  bluff  health  body  diet  science  vetenskap  mat  kroppen  humanbody 
january 2016 by Aetles
Socker & barn - Usla studier hyllas om resultatet är "rätt"
För två dagar sen publicerades en studie utförd av Robert Lustig som föga förvånande fått stor uppmärksamhet i olika större medier igår och idag. Robert Lustig är det nog en hel del som känner till även här i Sverige då hans föreläsning och påståenden kring fruktos fått extremt stor spridning med tanke på dess ämne och han är ju även väldigt hyllad inom LCHF. Hans påståenden kring socker och då främst fruktos har däremot blivit ganska ordentligt ifrågasatta från väldigt många eftersom han varit väldigt alarmistisk i sina påståenden.

Den studie som Lustig med flera har publicerat nu har titel, ”Isocaloric fructose restriction and metabolic improvement in children with obesity and metabolic syndrome” men tyvärr lovar titeln lite mer än vad studien i sig levererar som jag kommer gå igenom senare. Men först en liten kort genomgång av vad studien påstår sig visa och som vad medierna har skrivit om den.
health  sugar  humanbody  diet 
october 2015 by Aetles
Sugar isn’t just making us fat, it’s making us sick - Quartz
The children had eaten the same number of calories and had not lost any weight, and yet every aspect of their metabolic health improved. With added sugar cut out of their diet for 10 days, blood pressure, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL, or “bad cholesterol”), insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance all improved. And remember, we weren’t giving them just leafy greens and tofu—we fed the kids processed foods, just ones without sugar.
Further studies are needed to see if this will also work in adults, and if the benefits are short-term or long-term.
Sugar is like alcohol

This study demonstrates that a calorie is not a calorie, and that sugar is a primary contributor to metabolic syndrome, unrelated to calories or weight gain. By removing added sugar, we improved metabolic health.
Sugar may not be the only contributor to chronic disease, but it is far and away the easiest one to avoid. Kids could improve their metabolic health—even while continuing to eat processed food—just by dumping the sugar. Can you imagine how much healthier they’d be if they ate real food?
sugar  health  children  humanbody  diet  eating 
october 2015 by Aetles
What You Can Learn From Hunter-Gatherers' Sleeping Patterns - The Atlantic
Here’s the story that people like to tell about the way we sleep: Back in the day, we got more of it. Our eyes would shut when it got dark. We’d wake up for a few hours during the night instead of snoozing for a single long block. And we’d nap during the day.

Then—minor key!—modernity ruined everything. Our busy working lives put an end to afternoon naps, while lightbulbs, TV screens, and smartphones shortened our natural slumber and made it more continuous.

All of this is wrong, according to Jerome Siegel at the University of California, Los Angeles. Much like the Paleo diet, it’s based on unsubstantiated assumptions about how humans used to live.

Siegel’s team has shown that people who live traditional lifestyles in Namibia, Tanzania, and Bolivia don’t fit with any of these common notions about pre-industrial dozing. “People like to complain that modern life is ruining sleep, but they’re just saying: Kids today!” says Siegel. “It’s a perennial complaint but you need data to know if it’s true.”
sleep  health  humanbody 
october 2015 by Aetles
Do germaphobes get sick less often? Here's what the science says. - Vox
In his own colorful way, he's referring to an idea known as the "hygiene hypothesis." First described in 1989 by David Strachan, a London-based epidemiologist, the idea is that people exposed to a diversity of microorganisms early in life lower their risk of allergic diseases like asthma, eczema, seasonal allergies, and even autoimmune disorders such as arthritis or inflammatory bowel disease.

The logic of the hygiene hypothesis is pretty alluring: "A child's immune system needs education," Erika von Mutius, a pediatric allergist at the University of Munich, recently told my colleague Joseph Stromberg. "The hygiene hypothesis suggests that early life exposure to microbes helps in the education of an infant's developing immune system." That's why places like farms, or even houses with pets, are thought to have some protective effect against allergies for kids.

That said, scientists haven't yet proved the hygiene hypothesis. It's still just that — a hypothesis. And even if it's true, it's a lot less sweeping than a lot of people tend to think.
humanbody  health  science 
october 2015 by Aetles
For Athletes, the Risk of Too Much Water - The New York Times
Are we, with the best of intentions, putting young athletes at risk when we urge them to drink lots of fluids during steamy sports practices and games?

A new report about overhydration in sports suggests that under certain circumstances the answer is yes, and that the consequences for young athletes can be — and in several tragic cases already have been — severe and even fatal.
health  humanbody  water  drinking  sports  athletes  training 
august 2015 by Aetles
NEAT way to get in shape - Chicago Tribune
Catch-22. We want to lose weight, but we don't want to exercise. 

The solution may not require much sweating. I want to tell you about a neat way to burn calories. Make that a NEAT way. This stands for nonexercise activity thermogenesis, which is scientist speak for "moving around doing stuff that is not sport or exercise." 

Your mission, should you choose to accept it, is not to exercise, but to be physically active. It is not only a lot easier to accept this mission than you think, but it can be a more effective weight-loss tool than regular trips to the gym. 

How is it more effective? Because NEAT has the potential to burn substantially more calories per day than exercise for the average person. 
health  food  exercise  training  humanbody  body 
august 2015 by Aetles
The Cardio Vs. Weights Cheat Sheet | Body for Wife
Any time you move your ass you’re doing cardio.

Weightlifting works your heart and lungs too, duh. A better term for what people refer to as “doing cardio” is “aerobic training.” But since I’m not totally anal, I’ll mostly stick with the common vernacular.

This is all about weights vs. cardio, like you only have one choice, and no one has ever decided that maybe they could do both, or something.

Each has its own merits, but a lot of the debate has to do with body composition, so in any analysis that compares the two it is critical to also analyze the effect these two forms of exercise have on diet.
health  fitness  training  cardio  humanbody  body  exercise  weightloss 
august 2015 by Aetles
Delay aging by eating fewer meals per day
If you want to live longer, or reduce your chance of developing chronic diseases such as type-2 diabetes, Parkinson's or Alzheimer's, then reduce the number of meals you eat daily. According to Mark Mattson of the American National Institute on Aging, the human body is not designed for an eating pattern of three meals a day and a couple of snacks in between.
health  eating  food  body  humans  humanbody  intermittentfasting  fasting  diet 
june 2015 by Aetles
Why Do We Eat, and Why Do We Gain Weight? : The New Yorker
Here are a few of the things that can make you hungry: seeing, smelling, reading, or even thinking about food. Hearing music that reminds you of a good meal. Walking by a place where you once ate something good. Even after you’ve just had a hearty lunch, imagining something delicious can make you salivate. Being genuinely hungry, on the other hand—in the sense of physiologically needing food—matters little. It’s enough to walk by a doughnut shop to start wanting a doughnut. Studies show that rats that have eaten a lot are just as eager to eat chocolate cereal as hungry rats are to eat laboratory chow. Humans don’t seem all that different. More often than not, we eat because we want to eat—not because we need to. Recent studies show that our physical level of hunger, in fact, does not correlate strongly with how much hunger we say that we feel or how much food we go on to consume.
health  food  diet  humanbody  humans 
april 2014 by Aetles
Gut feelings: the future of psychiatry may be inside your stomach | The Verge
Greenblatt’s provocative idea — that psychiatric woes can be solved by targeting the digestive system — is increasingly reinforced by cutting-edge science. For decades, researchers have known of the connection between the brain and the gut. Anxiety often causes nausea and diarrhea, and depression can change appetite. The connection may have been established, but scientists thought communication was one way: it traveled from the brain to the gut, and not the other way around.

But now, a new understanding of the trillions of microbes living in our guts reveals that this communication process is more like a multi-lane superhighway than a one-way street. By showing that changing bacteria in the gut can change behavior, this new research might one day transform the way we understand — and treat — a variety of mental health disorders.
health  humanbody  stomach 
august 2013 by Aetles
What Those Nasty White Chunks That Sometimes Come From Your Throat Are
Today I Found Out what those foul smelling, small, white-ish, chunks that you can sometimes feel at the back of your throat when you swallow are. They’re called Tonsilloliths or Tonsil Stones.
health  humanbody 
august 2013 by Aetles
How to Naturally Reset Your Sleep Cycle in One Night | Wise Bread
Simply stop eating during the 12-16 hour period before you want to be awake. Once you start eating again, your internal clock will be reset as though it is the start of a new day. Your body will consider the time you break your fast as your new "morning."

For example, if you want to start waking up at 2:00 am, you should start fasting between 10:00 am or 2:00 pm the previous day, and don't break your fast until you wake up at 2:00 am. Make sure you eat a nice healthy meal to jumpstart your system.

Another example: If you are traveling from Los Angeles to Tokyo, figure out when breakfast is served in Tokyo, and don't eat for the 12-16 hours before Tokyo's breakfast time.
health  travel  humanbody  jetlag 
march 2012 by Aetles

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