Aetles + eating   26

Vitamin D and Fish Oils Are Ineffective for Preventing Cancer and Heart Disease - The New York Times
In recent years, many Americans have embraced vitamin D and fish oil pills, their enthusiasm fueled by a steady trickle of suggestive research studies linking higher levels of vitamin D with lower rates of cancer and other ills, and fish consumption with reduced heart disease.

Now a large and rigorous government-funded randomized trial — the only such study of omega-3 fish oils ever carried out in healthy adults, and the largest trial ever done of high-dose vitamin D — has found the supplements do not lower cancer rates in healthy adults. Nor do they reduce the rate of major cardiovascular events, a composite of heart attacks, strokes and deaths from cardiovascular disease. The trial is of the kind considered the gold standard in medicine.
eating  diet  health  humanbody  body  research  disease  supplements  kosttillskott  kost 
7 days ago by Aetles
David Ek: Vill du äta antiinflammatoriskt?
Jag ser en tydlig trend i kostsammanhang där målet med dieten blir mer och mer specifikt och samtidigt mer och mer diffust. Man vill i allt högre grad komma åt någon viss specifik parameter i hälsan, nu är det kroppens nivåer av inflammationsmarkörer som är i ropet. Målet är förstås en bättre hälsa och sänkt risk för olika åkommor men vägen dit är betydligt mer diffus än kanske någonsin tidigare och om inte  omöjligt så är det åtminstone oerhört svårt att se om man nått sitt mål.

Varför menar jag då att inflammation inte är så lätt att sätta fingret på? Vi har i mer än 20 år vetat att det som brukar kallas låggradig inflammation är en viktig drivkraft bakom flera av våra viktigaste folksjukdomar såsom hjärt- och kärlsjukdom, cancer och diabetes. Att minska graden av inflammation borde då vara en no-brainer. 

Nja, det är inte fullt så enkelt. Om inflammation är bra eller dåligt, något vi vill bli av med eller ha mer av är situationsberoende och också beroende av källan till inflammationen.
kost  hälsa  mat  ätande  eating  body  food  humanbody 
7 days ago by Aetles
What Happened When I Started Intuitive Eating | A Cup of Jo
But I didn’t know any other way. I needed some kind of diet deprogramming, but did that even exist? As it turned out, yes. It’s called intuitive eating.

That’s how I describe intuitive eating when someone asks me what it is. It’s not a new concept; the anti-diet has been around pretty much since the diet. Dietitians Elyse Resch and Evelyn Tribole were among the first to turn it into an actual program, which they laid out in their book, Intuitive Eating (first published in 1995, followed by two later editions). Intuitive eating was soon adopted by a number of nutrition professionals (and eating disorder treatment programs), but still, it’s the kind of mystical-sounding phrase that often raises eyebrows — which tend to shoot up even higher when I explain the fundamentals. In intuitive eating, you can (and should) eat whatever you want. There are no good or bad foods, no points, no goal weight — no focus on weight whatsoever. The point is to eradicate all those judgments and emotional hang-ups we’ve attached to eating, and learn to see food as just food again. Perhaps even crazier, you learn to trust yourself to make your own choices. Everything is on the table.
eating  health  body  humanbody  diet  food 
10 days ago by Aetles
A carb called fructan may be the real culprit behind gluten sensitivity - Vox
Some people could be blaming the wrong element in wheat for their sore stomachs.
gluten  food  eating  research  ibs  health  humanbody 
august 2018 by Aetles
Early Time-Restricted Feeding Improves Insulin Sensitivity, Blood Pressure, and Oxidative Stress Even without Weight Loss in Men with Prediabetes: Cell Metabolism
Highlights
•Early time-restricted feeding (eTRF) increases insulin sensitivity
•eTRF also improves β cell function and lowers blood pressure and oxidative stress
•eTRF lowers the desire to eat in the evening, which may facilitate weight loss
•Intermittent fasting can improve health even in the absence of weight loss
Summary
Intermittent fasting (IF) improves cardiometabolic health; however, it is unknown whether these effects are due solely to weight loss. We conducted the first supervised controlled feeding trial to test whether IF has benefits independent of weight loss by feeding participants enough food to maintain their weight. Our proof-of-concept study also constitutes the first trial of early time-restricted feeding (eTRF), a form of IF that involves eating early in the day to be in alignment with circadian rhythms in metabolism. Men with prediabetes were randomized to eTRF (6-hr feeding period, with dinner before 3 p.m.) or a control schedule (12-hr feeding period) for 5 weeks and later crossed over to the other schedule. eTRF improved insulin sensitivity, β cell responsiveness, blood pressure, oxidative stress, and appetite. We demonstrate for the first time in humans that eTRF improves some aspects of cardiometabolic health and that IF’s effects are not solely due to weight loss.
intermittentfasting  fasting  eating  science  research  health  body  humanbody  diet 
may 2018 by Aetles
Här är livsmedlen som kan vara farliga för dig | Metro
Är champinjoner cancerframkallande och hur mycket arsenik är det egentligen i ris? Metro har gått igenom Livsmedelsverkets rekommendationer när det gäller intag av några av våra vanligaste livsmedel.
food  health  eating  mat  hälsa  ätande  livsmedel  humanbody 
january 2018 by Aetles
How Could the Sodium You Eat Affect Your Weight?
Conventional wisdom has long held that salty foods boost our thirst and lead us to drink more water. But can salt also lead us to eat more, as well?

Researchers have begun to explore salt’s previously unknown role in hunger and weight gain. Several recent studies shed light on why salt may encourage us to overeat.

“Until now, we have always focused on the effect of salt on blood pressure,” says Jens Titze, MD, associate professor of medicine and of molecular physiology and biophysics at Vanderbilt University in Nashville. “We have to expand our conceptions of salt and diet.”
health  food  eating  humanbody  science  diet  weightloss 
may 2017 by Aetles
The Best Thing to Eat Before a Workout? Maybe Nothing at All - The New York Times
There were considerable differences. Most obviously, the men displayed lower blood sugar levels at the start of their workouts when they had skipped breakfast than when they had eaten. As a result, they burned more fat during walks on an empty stomach than when they had eaten first. On the other hand, they burned slightly more calories, on average, during the workout after breakfast than after fasting.

But it was the impacts deep within the fat cells that may have been the most consequential, the researchers found. Multiple genes behaved differently, depending on whether someone had eaten or not before walking. Many of these genes produce proteins that can improve blood sugar regulation and insulin levels throughout the body and so are associated with improved metabolic health. These genes were much more active when the men had fasted before exercise than when they had breakfasted.

The implication of these results is that to gain the greatest health benefits from exercise, it may be wise to skip eating first, says Dylan Thompson, the director of health research at the University of Bath and senior author of the study.
eating  fasting  intermittentfasting  food  health  humanbody  training 
april 2017 by Aetles
Hungry stomach hormone promotes growth of new brain cells | New Scientist
Could fasting boost your brainpower? A stomach hormone that stimulates appetite seems to promote the growth of new brain cells and protect them from the effects of ageing – and may explain why some people say that fasting makes them feel mentally sharper.

When ghrelin was first discovered, it became known as the hunger hormone. It is made by the stomach when it gets empty, and whenever we go a few hours without food its levels rise in our blood.

But there is also evidence that ghrelin can enhance cognition. Animals that have reduced-calorie diets have better mental abilities, and ghrelin might be part of the reason why. Injecting the hormone into mice improves their performance in learning and memory tests, and seems to boost the number of neuron connections in their brains.

Now Jeffrey Davies at Swansea University, UK, and his team have found further evidence that ghrelin can stimulate brain cells to divide and multiply, a process called neurogenesis. When they added the hormone to mouse brain cells grown in a dish, it switched on a gene known to trigger neurogenesis, called fibroblast growth factor.
eating  fasting  intermittentfasting  diet  food  humanbody  leangains 
april 2017 by Aetles
Amsterdam's solution to the obesity crisis: no fruit juice and enough sleep | Society | The Guardian
Some of the policies Amsterdam is using to crack obesity
A ban on bringing juice to focus schools and investment in more water fountains around the city
Cooking classes to teach healthy varieties of ethnic dishes: pizzas with a broccoli base, kebabs with lean chicken instead of pork, honey and dates substituted for sugar
City refusal to sponsor any event joint-funded by a fast food company
Parents encouraged to put small children on bikes without pedals instead of wheeling them in buggies
Focus on the first 1,000 days of a child’s life, including counselling for pregnant women and mothers
Families encouraged to eat dinner together
Sports centre membership and activities subsidised for low-income families
food  health  children  world  europe  eating  school  education  frukt 
april 2017 by Aetles
Feed Your Kids Peanuts, Early and Often, New Guidelines Urge - The New York Times
Peanuts are back on the menu. In a significant reversal from past advice, new national health guidelines call for parents to give their children foods containing peanuts early and often, starting when they’re infants, as a way to help avoid life-threatening peanut allergies.
allergies  health  children  infants  eating  humanbody  science 
february 2017 by Aetles
Intermittent fasta och styrketräning
Intermittent fasta är ett ämne som har varit populärt att diskutera i flera år nu även om dess popularitet verkar gå lite i vågor. Personligen upplever jag i alla fall att det snackades mer om det för kanske 4-5 år sen för att sen lugna ner sig lite, och sen fick det lite ny fart samtidigt som 5:2-dieten slog igenom vilket faktiskt även det är en typ av intermittent fasta.

När det gäller styrketräning och intermittent fasta här i Sverige så är det dock ingen tvekan om att det är Martin Berkhans leangains där du äter under 8 timmar och fastar 16 varje dag som har varit och fortfarande är störst.

Det är heller ingen tvekan om att det upplägget har fungerat väldigt bra för många. Om man söker runt på nätet så finns det folk som påstår att det skulle vara en väldigt dålig idé att äta enligt leangains om man försöker bygga muskler med motiveringen att du är katabol under för lång tid. De som påstår att effekten skulle vara så dramatisk verkar dock inte ha funderat kring att det är uppenbart att många faktiskt får väldigt bra resultat. Så det är ingen tvekan om att upplägget kan fungera väldigt bra.

Om det skulle vara bättre eller sämre än andra upplägg kommer därför att handla mer om små skillnader. Utöver ordentlig styrketräning, tillräckligt med protein, tillräckligt med sömn och en hyfsad koll på kaloriintaget så finns det med största sannolikhet inte någonting som du själv kan kontrollera som har en särskilt betydande effekt på dina resultat.

Studiemässigt är det tyvärr dåligt med studier på människor och de som finns har vanligen handlat om studier där man fokuserat på viktnedgång hos feta personer. Man har inte inkluderat någon träning och oftast har det varit 5:2 eller liknande upplägg med en mer långvarig fasta eller en period med väldigt lågt kaloriintag följt av en period med ”normalt” kaloriintag.

För ungefär en vecka sen publicerades dock äntligen en studie med ett upplägg väldigt likt leangains där man dessutom använde sig av redan tränade personer (1). Det är alltså en studie som faktiskt kan ge en början till ett svar på om det finns några mindre fördelar eller nackdelar med intermittent fasta á la leangains kontra att äta lite när som helst.
food  eating  health  humanbody  diet  training  leangains 
october 2016 by Aetles
Is Gluten Sensitivity Really a Carb Issue? | University of Michigan
Functional bowel disorder is an umbrella term used to describe glitches in how your stomach and bowels function or work. Patients with FBDs may have symptoms such as nausea, bloating, stomach pain, diarrhea and constipation.

Unlike patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), who may exhibit similar symptoms, the organs and digestive tract of an FBD patient may be appear normal on tests such as endoscopy and blood work. FBDs are very common and include irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia.

Patients with FBD do not experience any nutritional deficiencies because of absorption issues in the gastrointestinal tract, but they very often have restricted their food intake to the point that they are no longer eating a well-balanced diet.

Because FBD patients can experience gastrointestinal distress when eating specific foods, these patients start eliminating those foods from their diet. The problem is that without careful consideration and guidance, this self-restricted diet most likely eliminates more foods than necessary.

A careful nutrition plan, developed with assistance from your health care provider, can help address these issues.
food  eating  health  ibs  humanbody 
may 2016 by Aetles
Superfoods List: Best Foods That Burn Fat & Help You Lose Weight
Ohhh, that’s right. Because superfoods are fucking bullshit.

You see, back here in reality…

There is no single food that will cause you to lose fat.
There is no single food that will prevent you from gaining fat.
There is no single food that will cause you to build muscle.
There is no single food that will make you healthy.
There is no single food that will prevent or cure a disease.
There is no single food that will make up for an inadequate overall diet or workout program.
And no, there is no combination of different supposedly “special” foods that you can include together in your diet that will make any of these things happen, either.

The truth is, you could scour the Earth to locate every superfood that has ever been included on every one of these stupid useless lists and then proceed to consume all of them every single day for the rest of your life. And guess what?

You could still very easily be a fat (even obese… even morbidly obese), un-muscular, unhealthy person with numerous diseases and medical issues.
food  health  humanbody  eating  diet  weightloss 
may 2016 by Aetles
How to Eat Street Food Without Getting Sick - Legal Nomads : Legal Nomads
As a strong proponent of eating the street, I wanted to put together a post about how I avoid getting sick from food as I travel. I realize people are worried about food poisoning, and the advice out there does seem to suggest restaurants are safer. I strongly disagree, with some caveats. Once you know what to look for, pay attention to what locals eat and when, then you are on your way to successful, delicious meals that serve as experiences as well as dinner.

No advice is a fail-proof method, but this is what has worked for me.
eating  food  travel  heath  humanbody 
january 2016 by Aetles
Sugar isn’t just making us fat, it’s making us sick - Quartz
The children had eaten the same number of calories and had not lost any weight, and yet every aspect of their metabolic health improved. With added sugar cut out of their diet for 10 days, blood pressure, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL, or “bad cholesterol”), insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance all improved. And remember, we weren’t giving them just leafy greens and tofu—we fed the kids processed foods, just ones without sugar.
Further studies are needed to see if this will also work in adults, and if the benefits are short-term or long-term.
Sugar is like alcohol

This study demonstrates that a calorie is not a calorie, and that sugar is a primary contributor to metabolic syndrome, unrelated to calories or weight gain. By removing added sugar, we improved metabolic health.
Sugar may not be the only contributor to chronic disease, but it is far and away the easiest one to avoid. Kids could improve their metabolic health—even while continuing to eat processed food—just by dumping the sugar. Can you imagine how much healthier they’d be if they ate real food?
sugar  health  children  humanbody  diet  eating 
october 2015 by Aetles
We Know What a Healthy Diet Is. Now Can We Stop Arguing About It? | Big Think
Go ahead: Eat lean meat, eggs, and seafood, if that's what you want. Just remember, as nutritionist David L. Katz notes in video interview, the bulk of your diet should be vegetables, fruits, whole grains, beans, lentils, nuts, and seeds.
health  diet  food  eating 
september 2015 by Aetles
To Thrive, Many Young Female Athletes Need A Lot More Food : Shots - Health News : NPR
Participation in sports by girls and young women has soared in recent decades — by 560 percent among high school students since 1972, and 990 percent among college students, according to the Women's Sports Foundation. Highly committed young female athletes now run track and play soccer, basketball, water polo and other demanding sports that require strong bodies.

But many girls aren't eating enough to satisfy the physical demands of those sports, scientists say, and that's putting them at risk for health problems that can last a lifetime.

These athletes are essentially malnourished. The danger they face is called female athlete triad syndrome because it typically includes three symptoms: irregular menstrual cycles, low energy and low bone density.
health  women  body  athletes  training  food  eating 
september 2015 by Aetles
Delay aging by eating fewer meals per day
If you want to live longer, or reduce your chance of developing chronic diseases such as type-2 diabetes, Parkinson's or Alzheimer's, then reduce the number of meals you eat daily. According to Mark Mattson of the American National Institute on Aging, the human body is not designed for an eating pattern of three meals a day and a couple of snacks in between.
health  eating  food  body  humans  humanbody  intermittentfasting  fasting  diet 
june 2015 by Aetles
Simple Rules for Healthy Eating - NYTimes.com
Over the past few months, I’ve written a number of times on how nutrition recommendations are seldom supported by science. I’ve argued that what many people are telling you may be inaccurate. In response, many of you have asked me what nutrition recommendations should say.

It’s much easier, unfortunately, to tell you what not to do. But here at The Upshot, we don’t avoid the hard questions. So I’m going to put myself on the line. Below are the general rules I live by. They’re the ones I share with patients, with friends and with family. They’re the ones I support as a pediatrician and a health services researcher. But I acknowledge up front that they may apply only to healthy people without metabolic disorders (me, for instance, as far as I know).

These suggestions are also not supported by the scientific weight of rigorous randomized controlled trials, because little in nutrition is. I’ve inserted links to back them up with the available evidence. They are not “laws” and should not be treated as such. No specific nutrients will be demonized, and none will be held up as miracles. But these recommendations make sense to me, and they’ve helped me immensely.
health  body  food  eating 
april 2015 by Aetles
Food Rules From Michael Pollan Worth Following - NYTimes.com
In his last book, Mr. Pollan summarized his approach in just seven words: “Eat food. Not too much. Mostly plants.” The new book provides the practical steps, starting with advice to avoid “processed concoctions,” no matter what the label may claim (“no trans fats,” “low cholesterol,” “less sugar,” “reduced sodium,” “high in antioxidants” and so forth).

As Mr. Pollan puts it, “If it came from a plant, eat it; if it was made in a plant, don’t.”

Do you already avoid products made with high-fructose corn syrup? Good, but keep in mind, sugar is sugar, and if it is being added to a food that is not normally sweetened, avoid it as well. Note, too, that refined flour is hardly different from sugar once it gets into the body.

Also avoid foods advertised on television, imitation foods and food products that make health claims. No natural food is simply a collection of nutrients, and a processed food stripped of its natural goodness to which nutrients are then added is no bargain for your body.

Those who sell the most healthful foods — vegetables, fruits and whole grains — rarely have a budget to support national advertising. If you shop in a supermarket (and Mr. Pollan suggests that wherever possible, you buy fresh food at farmers’ markets), shop the periphery of the store and avoid the center aisles laden with processed foods. Note, however, that now even the dairy case has been invaded by products like gunked-up yogurts.

Follow this advice, and you will have to follow another of Mr. Pollan’s rules: “Cook.”

“Cooking for yourself,” he writes, “is the only sure way to take back control of your diet from the food scientists and food processors.” Home cooking need not be arduous or very time-consuming, and you can make up time spent at the stove with time saved not visiting doctors or shopping for new clothes to accommodate an expanding girth.
health  food  body  diet  eating 
march 2015 by Aetles
Xtreme Eating 2013Extremism Running Amok at America's Restaurant Chains ~ Newsroom ~ News from CSPI ~ Center for Science in the Public Interest
A milkshake with a slice of apple pie blended right in. A 3,000-calorie plate of pasta. A breakfast that includes deep-fried steak and pancakes (and hash browns and eggs and gravy and syrup). Obesity rates may show signs of leveling off, but it looks like America’s major restaurant chains are doing everything possible to reverse the trend, according to the nonprofit Center for Science in the Public Interest. The group unveils the latest "winners" of its Xtreme Eating Awards in the current issue of its Nutrition Action Healthletter.
"It's as if IHOP, The Cheesecake Factory, Maggiano's Little Italy, and other major restaurant chains are scientifically engineering these extreme meals with the express purpose of promoting obesity, diabetes, and heart disease," said CSPI executive director Michael F. Jacobson. "You'd think that the size of their profits depended on their increasing the size of your pants."
health  america  americans  usa  food  eating 
january 2013 by Aetles
Mindful Eating as Way to Fight Bingeing - NYTimes.com
TRY this: place a forkful of food in your mouth. It doesn’t matter what the food is, but make it something you love — let’s say it’s that first nibble from three hot, fragrant, perfectly cooked ravioli.

Now comes the hard part. Put the fork down. This could be a lot more challenging than you imagine, because that first bite was very good and another immediately beckons. You’re hungry.

Today’s experiment in eating, however, involves becoming aware of that reflexive urge to plow through your meal like Cookie Monster on a shortbread bender. Resist it. Leave the fork on the table. Chew slowly. Stop talking. Tune in to the texture of the pasta, the flavor of the cheese, the bright color of the sauce in the bowl, the aroma of the rising steam.

Continue this way throughout the course of a meal, and you’ll experience the third-eye-opening pleasures and frustrations of a practice known as mindful eating.

The concept has roots in Buddhist teachings. Just as there are forms of meditation that involve sitting, breathing, standing and walking, many Buddhist teachers encourage their students to meditate with food, expanding consciousness by paying close attention to the sensation and purpose of each morsel. In one common exercise, a student is given three raisins, or a tangerine, to spend 10 or 20 minutes gazing at, musing on, holding and patiently masticating.
eating  food  mindfulness  diet 
february 2012 by Aetles
Let your imagination run wild and you may eat a few less M&Ms
Imagine eating an M&M, taking one out of a bowl in front of you, popping it in your mouth, chewing it, enjoying the delicious chocolate flavor, and swallowing it. Now, imagine eating another. And another. Now, here’s the question: after imagining eating 30 of these scrumptious treats, given the chance to actually dive into a bowl of M&M’s, how many would you eat? According to a study in Science last week, you’d eat far fewer chocolates after this mental exercise than you would if you hadn't used your imagination.
science  eating 
december 2010 by Aetles

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