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New Black Gothic
TOWARD THE END of Jesmyn Ward’s 2017 novel, Sing, Unburied, Sing, one of the narrators, a black teenager named Jojo, comes across “a great live oak […] full with ghosts.” “[W]ith their eyes,” the ghosts speak their violent deaths to him in unpunctuated prose:

He raped me and suffocated me until I died I put my hands up and he shot me eight times […] they came in my cell in the middle of the night and they hung me they found out I could read and they dragged me out to the barn and gouged my eyes before they beat me still.

This litany of brutal torture and death spans the history of black life in America. The ghosts’ attire, “rags and breeches, T-shirts and tignons, fedoras and hoodies,” brings together in a single Gothic image the brutality of slavery and Jim Crow–era lynchings and the more contemporary and familiar violence that claimed the lives of Trayvon Martin and Mike Brown. In the logic of the novel, Ward’s ghosts are “stuck” and unable to “cross the water,” the final transition in the Yoruba cosmology that also makes its way into Louisiana Voodoo culture. They are confined to the terrestrial realm, searching for “keyholes” of human misery and need through which they can slip into the lives of the living and amplify their suffering, while approximating a sort of half-life for themselves.

Ward’s award-winning novels are among a number of works, literary and otherwise, that rework Gothic traditions for the 21st century. As my graduate student Cynthia Snider has observed in my class on contemporary fiction and book prizes, Ward engages specifically the Southern Gothic tradition. In American literature, there is a long tradition of using Gothic tropes to reveal how ideologies of American exceptionalism rely on repressing the nation’s history of slavery, racism, and patriarchy. Such tropes are, as numerous critics have noted, central to the work of Toni Morrison.

But unlike in, say, Morrison’s Beloved, the spectral reappearance of America’s violent history in recent fiction is neither about recovery nor representation. Ward’s ghost tree does not recover the lost stories of the voiceless. For Ward, there is no buried trauma that must be converted into language for its victims to move on. Instead, racial violence has never gone away. It is indeed, as the ghosts are, at home with us. Ward’s ghosts speak to an ever-present and visible lineage of violence that accumulates rather than dissipates with the passage of time. Gothic violence remains a part of everyday black life.
Blacks  Horror  Racism  History  Literature  US  Arts  Whites 
11 days ago by dbourn
MIT and the Legacy of Slavery
The first class of the "MIT and Slavery" undergraduate research project ran in the fall of 2017, set in motion by MIT President L. Rafael Reif with Dean Melissa Nobles. As the research project continues over coming semesters, MIT is also conducting a community dialogue series that creates opportunities for shared discussions of the findings and our responses to the emerging research.

At this dialogue event, held on May 3, 2018, four MIT historians respond to community questions about the MIT & Slavery research project and share insights about the power of historical knowledge for making a better world.

The historians are Lerna Ekmekçioğlu, Malick Ghachem, Tanalis Padilla, and Craig Steven Wilder. Melissa Nobles, Dean of the School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences, and a professor of political science, is the event moderator.
MIT  Slavery  History  MA  Cambridge  Whites 
7 weeks ago by dbourn
James Watney Wilson - Portrait of John Hanning Speke. Royal Geographical Society
James Watney Wilson (fl. 1871-1884), Portrait of John Hanning Speke (1827-1864). Royal Geographical Society, London.
Penny  Dreadful  Africa  Colonialism  Whites  Bears 
april 2018 by dbourn
Nelly, aka Elli Seraidari
Greeks as White

At some point she was referred to as "the Greek Leni Riefenstahl" because of her collaboration with the 4th of August Regime (1936-1941), of which she was one of its most prolific photographers. In 1936, she photographed the Berlin Olympic Games, where she met Leni Riefenstahl, and accompanied her to Olympia and assisted her during the filming of "Triumph of the Will" (Triumph des Willens),[citation needed] ordered and funded by the Nazi party. In 1939, she was commissioned with the decoration of the interior of the Greek pavilion at the New York's World Fair, which she did with gigantic collages expressing in an extremely selective manner the physical similarities between ancient and modern Greeks.

As a Greek of the Diaspora, Nelly's view of Greece was nothing less than "idyllic", which matched the propaganda aims of the proto-fascist regime, led by General Ioannis Metaxas. In fact, her work helped illustrate the ideologeme of the racial continuity of the Greeks since Antiquity, which was at the core of Metaxas' agenda (the so-called "Third Hellenic Civilization" mostly, if not entirely fashioned after Nazi Germany's Third Reich).
Racism  Arts  Photography  Whites  Racial  Formation 
april 2018 by dbourn
Say Goodbye to Your Happy Plantation Narrative
Cheyney McKnight. There are dozens of historical sites dedicated to pre-Reconstruction America, and over a hundred Civil War re-enactments happen every year across the country. But of the thousands of people who work as interpreters or participate in re-enactments, only a tiny fraction are black. “At historic sites that have histories of slavery, those histories are often not present, or it’s some little barn tucked in a corner that you’d miss if you aren’t looking for it,” said Elon Cook-Lee, a public historian and museum activist who has collaborated with McKnight. “There should be enslaved people there, because there was a black enslaved population, but since you have no black interpreters, you’re erasing history.”
Over the last ten years, McKnight has built a career as a living historian who embodies black lives, rather than just black trauma, in her interpretations of slavery. She does not portray specific people (“I’m not an actor,” she said), preferring to inhabit a generalized role while speaking from a contemporary viewpoint. “I want to change the way people see the story of slavery,” she said, “so that when people think of slavery and women, they think of me, not Aunt Jemima or Mammy.”
Slavery  Whites  Blacks  Public  History  Cheyney  McKnight 
april 2018 by dbourn
Teoria del complotto sul piano Kalergi
La teoria del complotto sul piano Kalergi è l'insieme dell'esposizione di fatti e circostanze tese a convalidare l'esistenza di un presunto progetto (chiamato piano Kalergi) d'incentivazione dell'immigrazione africana e asiatica in Europa al fine di rimpiazzarne le popolazioni. Prende il nome dal filosofo austriaco Richard Nikolaus di Coudenhove-Kalergi (1894-1972), paneuropeista storico, cui viene attribuita la paternità di tale piano, soprattutto da ambienti nazionalisti di estrema destra e antiglobalisti ma anche leghisti e separatisti.
Black  Europe  Whites  Conspiracy  Theories  Racism  Kalergi  Italian 
april 2018 by dbourn
White History Month proposal
1 Cherokee Trail of Tears
2 Japanese American internment
3 Philippine-American War
4 Jim Crow
5 The genocide of Native Americans
6 Transatlantic slave trade
7 The Middle Passage
8 The history of White American racism
9 Black Codes
10 Slave patrols
11 Ku Klux Klan
12 The War on Drugs
13 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
14 How white racism grew out of slavery and genocide
15 How whites still benefit from slavery and genocide
16 White anti-racism
17 The Southern strategy
18 The rape of enslaved women
19 Madison Grant
20 The Indian Wars
21 Human zoos
22 The colonization of aboriginals in australia
23 White flight
24 Redlining
25 Proposition 14
26 Homestead Act
27 Tulsa Riots
28 Rosewood massacre
29 Tuskegee Experiment
30 Lynching
31 Hollywood stereotypes
32 Indian Appropriations Acts
33 Immigration Act of 1924
34 Sundown towns
35 Chinese Exclusion Act
36 Emmett Till
37 Vincent Chin
38 Islamophobia
39 Indian boarding schools
40 King Philip’s War
41 Bacon’s Rebellion
42 American slavery compared to Arab, Roman and Latin American slavery
43 History of the gun
44 History of the police
45 History of prisons
46 History of white suburbia
47 Lincoln’s racism and anti-racism
48 George Wallace Governor of Alabama
49 Cointelpro
50 Real estate steering
51 School tracking
52 Mass incarceration of black men
53 Boston school busing riots
54 chopping off indigenous women´s breasts off of leisure during the genocide
55 slamming indigenous children against huge rocks during the genocide
56 spaniards dividing into groups the indigenous women each white settler was gonna own and rape during the american genocide
57 In the catholic missions nailing native americans on crosses to represent the 12 disciples
58 and this: (I recommend the book The American Holocaust)
59. The Unangan evacuation and internment during World War II
60. Dropping an Atomic Bomb on Japan even though the military knew that Japan was beaten and was near surrender.
61. The government assassination of Martin Luther King Jr
62. White america’s support of Apartheid
63. Nazism
64. Skinheads
65. Various lies attempting to paint Ancient Egyptians as white Europeans
66. “Modifying” authentic Egyptian artworks that demonstrate Black characteristics so they instead made it seem that Egyptians were white
67. Raping of Native American women and girls
68. The murder of Taíno Natives on the island of Ayiti (which we now call Haiti)
69. White racism ingrained in GI Bill, New Deal, Social Security Act and more
70. Second class badge (The History of Racism within Police Departments)
71. The ordering by the PBA to have cops terrorize NYC’s black and Puerto Rican communities
72. The destruction of Black Wall Street
73. The destruction of at least 10 other thriving Black communities
74. The History of Serial Killers (aka white males on murderous rampages)
75. White corporate sweatshop (Nike, Adidas)
76. Human trafficking
77. High rate of child molestation and rape among white communities
78. Forced sterilization of Blacks and Native women
79. Racist indoctrination of Black women through the media (ex: convincing Black women that unless they straightened their hair, they would not be considered beautiful, hired for jobs, make a living and etc)
80. “Last Hired, First Fired” racist hiring practices
81. Creation of various racial slurs
82. Poisoning of the environment through illegal disposal of toxins
83. Whitewashing in Hollywood
84. Using National Guard to barricade black folk in a literally burning neighborhood during Watts Rebellion (portrayed as Watts Riots)
85. Mass cultural appropriation by white-owned and white-market brands for profit of Navajo, African-American, Hindi, etc. traditions
Whites  History 
march 2018 by dbourn
When Portland banned blacks: Oregon’s shameful history as an ‘all-white’ state
Oregon Country’s provisional government, which was led by Peter Burnett, a former slaver holder who came west from Missouri by wagon train, passed the law in 1844 — 15 years before Oregon became a state. The law allowed slave holders to keep their slaves for a maximum of three years. After the grace period, all black people — those considered freed or enslaved — were required to leave Oregon Country. Black women were given three years to get out; black men were required to leave in two.

The law became known as the “Peter Burnett Lash Law.” Burnett, who also opposed Chinese migration to Oregon Country, would later become the first American governor of California.

In 1848, the territorial government passed a law making it illegal for any “Negro or Mullatto” to live in Oregon Country. In 1850, under the Oregon Donation Land Act, “whites and half breed Indians” were granted 650 acres of land from the government. But any other person of color was excluded from claiming land in Oregon. In 1857, as Oregon sought to become a state, it wrote the exclusion of blacks into its constitution. Oregon was one of just six states that refused to ratify the 15th Amendment, which gave black men the right to vote.

Oregon did not ratify the 15th amendment until 1959 — one hundred years after the state joined the Union.
Oregon  Whites  Racism  History  Peter  Burnett  CA  OR 
march 2018 by dbourn
Does this year’s election show that Italy is racist?
“I wouldn’t say that Italy is a racist country,” says Antonella Napolitano, communications manager for Civil Liberties in the Digital Age, an organisation responsible for resources like the website OpenMigration.
At the peak of the refugee crisis in 2015, a million people arrived in Europe, a continent of over 700 million. Compared to Lebanon, whose population of four million absorbed 1.5 million arrivals, this starts to look like small fry. And while studies have shown that Italians think up to 30 percent of the population is foreign, the true figure is only around eight percent.

OpenMigration was born in part to combat the hyperbole, as a source of hard facts and accurate data concerning immigration in an era of fake news.

Yet while the scale of immigration is not as large as many think, Italy is clearly experiencing a historic demographic transition. This is the first time in Italian history that residency has been so sought after—until recently, it was a country of emigration.
Italy  Politica  2018  Elections  Whites  Immigration  Refugees  Immigrants 
march 2018 by dbourn
Tunde Wey's social experiment, Saartj, is a New Orleans eatery
If they’re a person of color, they pay $12. If they’re white, he’ll tell them they can either pay $12, or they can pay $30 — two and a half times the base price, which reflects the wealth disparity in New Orleans. He tells them the profits will be redistributed to people of color, but not as charity — just to any minority customers of his who want it, regardless of their income or circumstance. White customers had to make that choice in front of Wey.
In 2016, he traveled across the country hosting a dinner series he called “Blackness in America.” He would cook a Nigerian feast for his guests and engage them in conversation about some of the most pervasive problems facing our country, such as racism, sexism and police brutality. Black guests found these discussions cathartic, while many white guests found them uncomfortable. “White folks or privileged folks are quick to try to find a solution, or ask for a solution, as opposed to sitting in the discomfort.”
“If I created the framework where I outline a problem that is indisputable, and I position you as an antagonist, and I give you a way to solve the problem tidily and be the hero — in the moment, anything other than the $30 choice becomes antisocial behavior,” he said. Social pressure also explained why the handful of white people who decided to pay the $12 did so with apologies, trying to justify their choice. “That explained to me why the folks who refused to pay the $30 were equivocating, because they understood that they were participating in antisocial behavior.”
The consequences of racial wealth disparity were perfectly illustrated, he said, by two men who came to buy lunch one day, one right after another. The first man, who was black, was from a rougher neighborhood, but had gone to a well-to-do high school one neighborhood over. He told Wey about how he was a good student and got into a prestigious university, along with his classmates who didn’t have grades as good as his. Other students’ parents paid for them to attend the university, but “he only got half-funded, so he had to go to a less prestigious school, which impacted him and the generation of folks to come after him,” said Wey. Next in line was a white man who gladly paid the $30. When Wey talked to that man about his education, he said that he had gone to a prestigious school because his father gave him a loan, and that he had the well-paying job he has now because of that university.
Though Wey’s lunch counter is only temporary, he says that people who want to use food to address racial wealth disparity can do so by patronizing minority-owned restaurants, because minority businesses are more likely to hire other minorities.
“It takes more than that to change things. We also have to change things on a policy level,” he said. But “It’s a good place to start, for sure.”
Tunde  Wey  NOLA  Racism  Wealth  Inequality  Saartj  LA  Whites 
march 2018 by dbourn
Insulta un uomo di colore in pubblico: le reazioni dei passanti [Esperimento Sociale]
Ugo Capolupo e Antonio Cinque interpretano due razzisti che insultano violentemente un ragazzo di colore (Amin Nour) che se ne sta per i fatti suoi per le strade di Roma.

La provocazione messa in piedi dall’autore denuncia una crescente aggressività e intolleranza degli italiani verso gli immigrati e verso chi ha la pelle di un altro colore.

Il tentativo è quello di studiare il fenomeno dell'odio razziale, analizzando analogie con il modo di pensare e agire nel nostro recente passato, epoca in cui in alcuni paesi europei (tra questi l’Italia) esistevano leggi razziali per diversità di colore della pelle, etnia o pensiero religioso, leggi che hanno condotto alla persecuzione e lo sterminio di milioni di persone.

Infine l’invito dell’autore (attraverso una citazione di Primo Levi) è quello di guardare il passato per scongiurare un presente fatto di medesimi errori.
Italy  Italian  Racism  Roma  Whites 
january 2018 by dbourn

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