welfare-state   503

« earlier    

What’s really obstructing left-wing dreams - The Washington Post
"But the left’s base doesn’t want to hear about taxing itself. So left-wing policy analysts are forced to fund every proposal with the same few pieces of high-income tax capacity — eliminating the cap on Social Security taxes and raising the top marginal income-tax rates on high earners. Together, some of these proposals come close to confiscating every dollar that these people earn above the level of the next-lowest quintile. But perhaps you, budding socialist, see that as a feature rather than a political disaster. The question remains: After you’ve taken this money to pay for Medicare-for-All, what do you do for an encore? You cannot spend this money on Medicare-for-All and free college and expanding Social Security and a universal basic income or a job guarantee. Until the left acknowledges that the welfare state they want means ordinary people sacrificing a great deal of current consumption, we are not going to have that welfare state."


"Notably, almost all the foreign programs that American social democrats envy were enacted during Europe’s long post-war economic and demographic boom. That meant that the initial cost of these systems was fairly low — young people don’t need much in the way of health care or pensions, and economies at full employment don’t spend a lot on unemployment insurance or job retraining. As incomes soared, it was comparatively easy for government to skim some of the surplus for their new social insurance schemes, because even as their taxes went up, workers still got to take more money home every week. Governments ran into problems when the boom stopped, of course, but by then, political sentiment had cemented those programs in place."


"What was easy in 1960 looks herculean as 2020 approaches. Economic growth has slowed, and populations are aging, which raises the cost of any proposed program and requires you to fund heavy losses on someone to fund it, either workers in those industries, or taxpayers. As psychologists tell us, people are 'loss averse' — they care much more about losing something they have than about equivalent potential gains. Given the mammoth cost of socializing the U.S. economy now, and the huge number of people who face substantial losses, I’d argue that we should probably change 'herculean' to 'impossible.'"
megan-mcardle  welfare-state  healthcare  taxes  government  politics  policy  social-democracy 
may 2018 by actualitems
Why has the prevalence of obesity doubled? | SpringerLink
The prevalence of obesity has doubled over the last 25 years. We estimate the effects of multiple socio-environmental factors (e.g., physical demands at work, restaurants, food prices, cigarette smoking, food stamps, and urban sprawl) on obesity using NLSY data. Then we use the Oaxaca–Blinder decomposition technique to approximate the contribution of each socio-environmental factor to the increase during this time. Many socio-environmental factors significantly affect weight, but none are able to explain a large portion of the obesity increase. Decreases in cigarette smoking consistently explains about 2–4 % of the increase in obesity and BMI. Food stamp receipt also consistently affects the measures of weight, but the small decrease in food stamp program participation during the period we examine actually dampened the increases in obesity and BMI. Collectively, the socio-environmental factors we examine never explain more than about 6.5 % of the weight increases.
study  sociology  medicine  health  epidemiology  public-health  obesity  trends  roots  explanans  labor  supply-demand  food  welfare-state  urban-rural  variance-components  volo-avolo  questions 
february 2018 by nhaliday
Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act - Wikipedia
The Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA)[1] is an act of the United States Congress, passed in 1986 as part of the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA). It requires hospital Emergency Departments that accept payments from Medicare to provide an appropriate medical screening examination (MSE) to anyone seeking treatment for a medical condition, regardless of citizenship, legal status, or ability to pay. Participating hospitals may not transfer or discharge patients needing emergency treatment except with the informed consent or stabilization of the patient or when their condition requires transfer to a hospital better equipped to administer the treatment.[1]

EMTALA applies to "participating hospitals." The statute defines participating hospitals as those that accept payment from the Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) under the Medicare program.[2] "Because there are very few hospitals that do not accept Medicare, the law applies to nearly all hospitals."[3] The combined payments of Medicare and Medicaid, $602 billion in 2004,[4] or roughly 44% of all medical expenditures in the U.S., make not participating in EMTALA impractical for nearly all hospitals. EMTALA's provisions apply to all patients, not just to Medicare patients.[5][6]

The cost of emergency care required by EMTALA is not directly covered by the federal government. Because of this, the law has been criticized by some as an unfunded mandate.[7] Uncompensated care represents 6% of total hospital costs.[8]
usa  government  policy  law  history  mostly-modern  cold-war  wiki  rot  healthcare  redistribution  welfare-state 
november 2017 by nhaliday
Dollar General Hits a Gold Mine in Rural America - Bloomberg
“It reminds me of a craps table,” Brown, the commercial real estate analyst, says. “Essentially what the dollar stores are betting on in a large way is that we are going to have a permanent underclass in America. It’s based on the concept that the jobs went away, and the jobs are never coming back, and that things aren’t going to get better in any of these places.”

HOW DOLLAR GENERAL BECAME RURAL AMERICA’S STORE OF CHOICE: https://www.wsj.com/articles/how-dollar-general-became-rural-americas-store-of-choice-1512401992

The Supply Chain In Lieu Of The Welfare State: https://gnxp.nofe.me/2017/12/04/the-supply-chain-in-lieu-of-the-welfare-state/

“Over the last five years a new Dollar General opened every four-and-a-half hours…”

That is from The Economist. The article attributes much of the success of the chain to its location decisions, such as opening near churches, schools, highways, and post offices.
news  org:mag  org:biz  trends  business  class  coming-apart  dignity  usa  urban  labor  aphorism  malaise  multi  gnxp  scitariat  commentary  org:rec  quotes  urban-rural  welfare-state  econotariat  marginal-rev  links  org:anglo  rot  stagnation 
october 2017 by nhaliday
Who Emigrates From Denmark? – LaborEcon
Ilpo Kauppinen, Panu Poutvaara, and I have just finished a paper that examines the selection characterizing emigrants from Denmark, one of the richest and most redistributive European welfare states.

The paper makes a neat theoretical contribution. It derives the conditions that determine whether the skill distribution of the emigrants stochastically dominates (or is stochastically dominated by) the skill distribution of the stayers. Because the rewards to skills in Denmark are low (relative to practically all possible destinations), the model predicts that the emigrants will be positively selected, and that the skill distribution of the movers will stochastically dominate that of the stayers.

Our analysis of administrative data for the entire Danish population between 1995 and 2010 strongly confirms the implications of the model. Denmark is indeed seeing an outflow of its most skilled workers. And that is one of the consequences that a very generous welfare state must learn to live with.

The paper is forthcoming in the Economic Journal.
econotariat  borjas  economics  macro  labor  redistribution  welfare-state  europe  nordic  migration  human-capital  compensation  inequality  egalitarianism-hierarchy  anglosphere  correlation  selection  study  summary  🎩  stylized-facts  wonkish  policy  unintended-consequences  comparison  polisci  political-econ  nationalism-globalism  dysgenics 
september 2017 by nhaliday
Does Polarization Imply Poor Representation? A New Perspective on the “Disconnect” Between Politicians and Voters*
Broockman-Ahler 2015

immigration positions under B.2: http://www.dougahler.com/uploads/2/4/6/9/24697799/ahler_broockman_ideological_innocence.pdf#page=42
distribution: http://www.dougahler.com/uploads/2/4/6/9/24697799/ahler_broockman_ideological_innocence.pdf#page=53

38% support immediate mass deportation of all illegals (Broockman 2015). This view has zero representation in either house of congress.

Do you understand the GOP play here by the way? I'm genuinely puzzled. Is it a moral conviction? Because it can't be a vote play.
In my view it's a mix of mindless sentimentality, the donor class, and existing in an hermetically sealed ideological bubble.

cheap labor lobby, public choice (votes), & subversive elites gripped by multiculti zealotry

In a 2014 radio interview, Paul Ryan was asked if "immigrants from the 3rd world are more or less likely to support conservative policies":
pdf  study  sociology  polisci  politics  poll  values  coalitions  ideology  polarization  usa  2016-election  trump  government  🎩  policy  wonkish  drugs  energy-resources  environment  climate-change  redistribution  welfare-state  arms  law  regulation  healthcare  migration  taxes  gender  sex  sexuality  education  chart  multi  distribution  crosstab  twitter  social  discussion  gnon  unaffiliated  right-wing  strategy  backup  elite  vampire-squid  roots  speculation  impetus  interview  quotes  commentary  people  track-record  reason  labor  business  capital  social-choice  rent-seeking  rot  culture  unintended-consequences  signaling  religion  theos  christianity  media  propaganda  patho-altruism  self-interest  diversity  culture-war  kumbaya-kult  identity-politics  westminster 
september 2017 by nhaliday

« earlier    

related tags

2008  2016-election  :/  africa  age-generation  age-of-discovery  aging  ai  albion  alesina  alien-character  allodium  analogy  analysis  anarcho-tyranny  anglo  anglosphere  anthropology  antidemos  aphorism  arbitrage  archaeology  aristos  arms  arrows  article  asia  assimilation  atoms  attaq  authoritarianism  automation  axelrod  backup  barons  behavioral-econ  behavioral-gen  being-right  bernie-sanders  big-peeps  biodet  books  bootstraps  borjas  branches  brands  britain  broad-econ  buchanan  business  c:**  california  canada  capital  capitalism  casino  charity  chart  cherokee  children  china  christianity  civic  civil-liberty  civilization  clarity  class-warfare  class  climate-change  cliometrics  clown-world  coalitions  cohesion  cold-war  coming-apart  commentary  community  comparison  compensation  competition  concept  conceptual-vocab  confounding  confusion  conquest-empire  context  contracts  contrarianism  cooperate-defect  coordination  corporation  correlation  corruption  cost-benefit  cost-disease  counter-revolution  counterfactual  cracker-econ  crime  criminal-justice  criminology  critique  crony-capitalism  crosstab  cultural-dynamics  culture-war  culture  current-events  darwinian  data  database  de-correspondent  death  debate  debt  decay  defense  delicious  democracy  demographics  denmark  developing-world  dignity  direct-indirect  discipline  discrimination  discussion  disease  distribution  diversity  domestication  dominant-minority  douthatish  drama  drugs  duty  dysgenics  early-modern  earnings  econ-metrics  econ-productivity  econometrics  economics  economist-mag  economist  econotariat  education  effect-size  effective-altruism  efficiency  egalitarianism-hierarchy  elections  elite  embedded-cognition  embodied  ems  energy-resources  environment  environmental-effects  envy  epidemiology  equilibrium  error  essay  ethics  ethnocentrism  eu  europe  evidence  expansionism  experiment  explanans  explanation  externalities  facebook  family  farmers-and-foragers  feminism  fertility  feudal  finance  flux-stasis  food  foreign-lang  foreign-policy  formal-values  free-riding  futurism  gallic  game-theory  garett-jones  gbooks  gender-diff  gender  genetics  geography  germanic  gibbon  gnon  gnxp  google  government  gregory-clark  group-level  growth-econ  growth  gt-101  gwern  gxe  hanson  health  healthcare  heavy-industry  higher-ed  history  hmm  homo-hetero  housing  hsu  human-capital  hypocrisy  ideas  identity-politics  ideology  impetus  incentives  individualism-collectivism  industrial-revolution  inequality  info-dynamics  info-econ  info-foraging  infographic  innovation  institutions  insurance  intentions-vs-results  interests  internet  intervention  interview  intricacy  investing  iq  iraq-syria  iron-age  islam  japan  jargon  journos-pundits  justice  kumbaya-kult  labor  land  language  latin-america  law  lee-kuan-yew  left-wing  leftism  legacy  let-me-see  leviathan  levy  libertarianism  life-history  links  list  lol  london  long-short-run  longevity  longform  longitudinal  low-hanging  lurid  macro  madisonian  malaise  managerial-state  maps  marginal-rev  market-failure  market-power  markets  marriage  measurement  media  medicine  medieval  mediterranean  megan-mcardle  mena  mena4  mentalités  meta-analysis  methodology  micro  microfoundations  migrant-crisis  migration  military  mobility  modern-times  modernity  monetary-fiscal  money  morality  mostly-modern  multi  murray  musk  n-factor  narrative  nascent-state  nationalism-globalism  news  nihil  niskanen  nl-and-so-can-you  noahpinion  noblesse-oblige  nordic-society  nordic  null-result  obesity  objektbuch  occident  old-anglo  openai  optimism  org:anglo  org:biz  org:bv  org:data  org:econlib  org:gov  org:lite  org:mag  org:med  org:nat  org:ngo  org:popup  org:rec  organizing  orwellian  outliers  paradigm-shift  parasites-microbiome  parenting  pareto  patho-altruism  patience  pdf  people  perceptions  philanthropy  philosophy  piracy  plots  poast  polarization  policy  polis  polisci  political-econ  politics  poll  population  populism  postrat  poverty  pre-ww2  prediction  preprint  profile  propaganda  proposal  prudence  pseudoe  psychiatry  public-goodish  public-health  putnam-like  q-n-a  qra  questions  quotes  race  random  randy-ayndy  ranking  rant  ratty  realness  realpolitik  reason  reddit  redistribution  reference  reflection  regularizer  regulation  reinforcement  religion  rent-seeking  replication  responsibility  review  rhetoric  right-wing  risk  roots  rot  rutger-bregman  s-factor  sapiens  scale  scitariat  selection  self-interest  self-report  sequential  sex  sexuality  signaling  sinosphere  slippery-slope  social-capital  social-choice  social-democracy  social-norms  social-science  social-structure  social  social_welfare  society  socioeconomics  sociology  solid-study  spearhead  speculation  spreading  ssc  stagnation  statesmen  status  stereotypes  stock-flow  strategy  study  stylized-facts  summary  supply-demand  survey  sv  sweden  taxation  taxes  tech  technocracy  temperance  the-bones  the-classics  the-great-west-whale  theos  things  thinking  time-preference  time-series  top-n  traces  track-record  trade  tradeoffs  tradition  trends  tribalism  trump  trust  truth  twin-study  twitter  unaffiliated  unintended-consequences  united-states  urban-rural  urban  us-them  usa  vague  values  vampire-squid  variance-components  virtu  visualization  volo-avolo  volunteer  vouchers  wages  walls  war-on-poverty  war  water  wealth-of-nations  wealth  welfare  west-hunter  westminster  white-paper  wiki  winner-take-all  within-group  wonkish  work  world-war  world  x-not-about-y  zeitgeist  🌞  🎩  🐸 

Copy this bookmark: