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JF Ptak Science Books: Alphabet Tubes (1895)
The Domincan priest Father Vincenzo Calendoli invented (between 1893 to 1895) an unusual and seemingly-simple-but-hardly-so linotype machine that was seen by some as “the typsetting machine of the future...”(--C. Cochrane, American Printer and Lithographer, vols 21-23, 1896). The image below shows Calendoli in serene concentration seated at his machine which looks like a cross between a small Jacquard loom and an odd harpsichord (emphasis on the harp).

..

The Scientific American Supplement (1895, pp 16055-16057) illustration is reproduced exactly in an uncommon publication called the Rosary Magazine, (1895)--exact, with the exception of the additional caption: the writer annotates it by identifying the “checker board”, “inclined wire and galleys”, and the indescribably beautifully-named “alphabet tubes”! The explanation of what this tube is is far less interesting than its title--tubes filled with type-- though the machine overall was extraordinary.

Here are a few notices on Calendoli's machine, all from Typographical Journal, vol 30, 1900.

“The machine which will eventually control the market and supplant the typesetting machines now in use will not be properly speaking a typesetting machine but a combination of typewriters tape punching devices and type bar or type block forming machine...Father Calendoli's machine has hit upon an idea in keyboard mechanism which must eventually supersede present keyboards. He makes use of fifteen alphabets each of which is arranged in a square or block the keys in each block being so separated and colored as to be readily distinguished. In each block the letters are so arranged that a number of common words and syllables may be struck in order....”

“The invention: Imagine a kind of harp whose cords are replaced by metallic tubes adhering to each other in four series. These tubes communicated through an electrical device with a keyboard or rather checker board divided into twenty one small squares covered with electrical knobs three for caps fifteen for ordinary letters and the remainder for figures and accented vowels. Points of punctuation and accents formed a horizontal line on the lowest part of the checker board and were operated with a pedal. Each letter was printed on the little knobs and to avoid useless motions of the arms the squares were repeated three by three. In these squares the consonants were not repeated but the vowels were triplicated and surrounded the consonants in a very ingenious way which permitted the composing of most of the syllables with a single finger in touching two knobs at once as be bi bo bu etc..”

“...Father Calendoli's machine has hit upon an idea in keyboard mechanism which must eventually supersede present keyboards. He makes use of fifteen alphabets each of which is arranged in a square or block the keys in each block being so separated and colored as to be readily distinguished. In each block the letters are so arranged that a number of common words and syllables may be struck in order....”

“The machine which will eventually control the market and supplant the typesetting machines now in use will not be properly speaking a typesetting machine but a combination of typewriters tape punching devices and type bar or type block forming machines...”

“Happy will be the compositor who fifty or a hundred years hence can look down from printers heaven and note the progress made in the art since he laid down his composing stick.”

“.. ingenious combination of type tubes...When the keys are struck electric impulses are given to wires which release types from certain tubes. The length of these tubes is so arranged that the longest slide or fall is given to the last letter of the set and a proportionately shorter slide to the others so that each is sure to fall in proper order although the whole four or live are struck simultaneously. It is obviously necessary to employ fifteen sets of type tubes as there must be a tube for every key on the keyboard...”
typesetting  poetical.engines  Vincenzo.Calendoli  alphabet  alphabets  alphabet.tubes 
yesterday by asfaltics
The Scientific Paper Is Obsolete. Here's What's Next. - The Atlantic
In a compelling story for The Atlantic, James Somers argued that Jupyter notebooks may replace the traditional research paper typically shared as a PDF.
python  typesetting  scholarly_editing  wordprocessing 
13 days ago by gwijthoff
Lorem Ipsum – Generator, Origins and Meaning
Ever wonder what that nonsense text in my examples is? It's the classic placeholder text "Lorem Ipsum," which has been in used since the 1500's. Click here to learn more!
design  lorem  typography  typesetting 
24 days ago by jcmadams
The Vivliostyle Project | Vivliostyle.org
Vivliostyle is an open source project for a new typesetting engine fitting for digital publishing.
vivliostyle  open-source  typesetting  typography  engine  publishing  web  online  css  javascript  japanese 
july 2018 by vicchow
Interrobang - 99% Invisible
"In the spring of 1962, Speckter was thinking about advertising when he realized something: many ads asked questions, but not just any questions — excited and exclamatory questions — a trend not unique to his time. Got milk?! Where’s the beef?! Can you hear me now?! So he asked himself: could there be a mark that made it clear (visually on a page) that something is both a question and an exclamation?!

Speckter was also the editor of the typography magazine TYPEtalks, so  in March of 1962, in an article for the magazine titled “Making a New Point, Or How About That…”, Speckter proposed the first new mark of English language punctuation in 300 years: the interrobang."

Originally, then, because advertisements had to appear enthusiastic as well as questioning.
history  language  typesetting  article 
july 2018 by np

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