turing   2884

« earlier    

Lynn Margulis | West Hunter
Margulis went on to theorize that symbiotic relationships between organisms are the dominant driving force of evolution. There certainly are important examples of this: as far as I know, every complex organism that digests cellulose manages it thru a symbiosis with various prokaryotes. Many organisms with a restricted diet have symbiotic bacteria that provide essential nutrients – aphids, for example. Tall fescue, a popular turf grass on golf courses, carries an endosymbiotic fungus. And so on, and on on.

She went on to oppose neodarwinism, particularly rejecting inter-organismal competition (and population genetics itself). From Wiki: [ She also believed that proponents of the standard theory “wallow in their zoological, capitalistic, competitive, cost-benefit interpretation of Darwin – having mistaken him… Neo-Darwinism, which insists on [the slow accrual of mutations by gene-level natural selection], is in a complete funk.”[8] ‘

...

You might think that Lynn Margulis is an example of someone that could think outside the box because she’d never even been able to find it in the first place – but that’s more true of autistic types [like Dirac or Turing], which I doubt she was in any way. I’d say that some traditional prejudices [dislike of capitalism and individual competition], combined with the sort of general looniness that leaves one open to unconventional ideas, drove her in a direction that bore fruit, more or less by coincidence. A successful creative scientist does not have to be right about everything, or indeed about much of anything: they need to contribute at least one new, true, and interesting thing.

https://westhunt.wordpress.com/2017/11/25/lynn-margulis/#comment-98174
“A successful creative scientist does not have to be right about everything, or indeed about much of anything: they need to contribute at least one new, true, and interesting thing.” Yes – it’s like old bands. As long as they have just one song in heavy rotation on the classic rock stations, they can tour endlessly – it doesn’t matter that they have only one or even no original members performing. A scientific example of this phenomena is Kary Mullins. He’ll always have PCR, even if a glowing raccoon did greet him with the words, “Good evening, Doctor.”

Nobel Savage: https://www.lrb.co.uk/v21/n13/steven-shapin/nobel-savage
Dancing Naked in the Mind Field by Kary Mullis

jet fuel can't melt steel beams: https://westhunt.wordpress.com/2017/11/25/lynn-margulis/#comment-98201
You have to understand a subject extremely well to make arguments why something couldn’t have happened. The easiest cases involve some purported explanation violating a conservation law of physics: that wasn’t the case here.

Do I think you’re a hotshot, deeply knowledgeable about structural engineering, properties of materials, using computer models, etc? A priori, pretty unlikely. What are the odds that you know as much simple mechanics as I do? a priori, still pretty unlikely. Most likely, you’re talking through your hat.

Next, the conspiracy itself is unlikely: quite a few people would be involved – unlikely that none of them would talk. It’s not that easy to find people that would go along with such a thing, believe it or not. The Communists were pretty good at conspiracy, but people defected, people talked: not just Whittaker Chambers, not just Igor Gouzenko.
west-hunter  scitariat  discussion  people  profile  science  the-trenches  innovation  discovery  ideas  turing  giants  autism  👽  bio  evolution  eden  roots  darwinian  capitalism  competition  cooperate-defect  being-right  info-dynamics  frontier  curiosity  creative  multi  poast  prudence  org:mag  org:anglo  letters  books  review  critique  summary  lol  genomics  social-science  sociology  psychology  psychiatry  ability-competence  rationality  epistemic  reason  events  terrorism  usa  islam  communism  coordination  organizing  russia  dirty-hands 
15 days ago by nhaliday
The AI That Has Nothing to Learn From Humans - The Atlantic
It was a tense summer day in 1835 Japan. The country’s reigning Go player, Honinbo Jowa, took his seat across a board from a 25-year-old prodigy by the name of Akaboshi Intetsu. Both men had spent their lives mastering the two-player strategy game that’s long been popular in East Asia.
ai  alan  turing  go  hybrids  intelligence  machine  stream 
6 weeks ago by therourke
Turing's 1936 Paper and the First Dutch Computers | blog@CACM | Communications of the ACM
The following question has polarized the computer-science community: Did Alan Turing's 1936 paper 'On Computable Numbers' influence the early history of computer building? "Yes, certainly" and "no, definitely not" are often-heard answers. A third, more nuanced, response acknowledges a diversity of local computing habits in the 1940s-1950s.

Some historical actors became acquainted with Turing's 1936 paper early on, while others did not. Some researchers depended directly or indirectly on its contents, while others accomplished great feats even without knowing who Turing was. The successful Dutch computer builder Willem van der Poel is one of those few men who not only read about, but also applied, Turing's 1936 universal-machine concept in the history of early post-war computers. Van der Poel thought and programmed very much like Turing himself and was industrially more successful than Turing. Van der Poel's story is told here for the first time.
history  history-of-science  Turing  academic-culture  system-of-professions  citation  rather-interesting  to-write-about 
11 weeks ago by Vaguery

« earlier    

related tags

2003  2017  3d  3rd  _eimi  aaronson  ability-competence  academic-culture  acm  ai  alan  art  artaud  artificial_intelligence  assembly  audint  authentication  autism  automata  automatic  autonomy  award  banburismus  being-right  bestpractices  big-list  big-picture  bio  biography  bletchley  blog  bombe  bookmarks_bar  books  bots  bounded-cognition  brainfuck  britain  calculus  capitalism  captcha  card_games  chemicals  chemistry  cipher  citation  colossus  communism  competition  compiler  complete  completeness  complex-systems  complexity  compsci  computation  computer-science  computer  computers  computerscience  computing  cooperate-defect  coordination  correspondence  course  creative  critique  cryptanalysis  crypto  cryptography  cs  culture  curiosity  darwinian  datascience  debate  decryption  deep-learning  deeplearning  definition  delicious  development  dijkstra  dirty-hands  discovery  discussion  diy  dokumentation  drugs  ear  economics  eden  emacs  encryption  enigma  epistemic  esolang  esoteric  ethereum  events  evolution  exchange  expressive  face  facial  felleisen  frontier  fun  funny  future  game  genomics  geschichte  giants  github  go  godel  gpus  gradient-descent  ground-up  hack  halting  hardcore  hardware  hauntology  heterodox  history-of-science  history  hn  hsu  humor  hybrids  hyperdub  ideas  image  in_the_pipeline  info-dynamics  infosec  init  innovation  inspiration  insta  intelligence  interaction  interdisciplinary  interesting  interface  intro  invisible  islam  javascript  jsfuck  kickstarter  kryptographie  lambda  lang:rust  languages  learn  learning-theory  learning  lecture-notes  lens  letters  lightning  links  lisp  list  logic  lol  lorenz  machine-learning  machine  machines  machinevision  magic  magic_the_gathering  map-territory  marbles  market-failure  markets  martial  math  mathematik  mathtariat  matlab  mechanical  medical  metaphor  mit  models  mtg  multi  neural  neuro  nibble  obama  ocr  ocw  of  old_computers  old_tech  olden_days  olialialina  oly  on  one  org:anglo  org:mag  organizing  oulipo  overflow  paper  paradox  park  pdf  people  philosophy  physical  poast  poetry  politics  power  powerpoint  praise  presentation  problem  profile  programming  project  proof-systems  prudence  pseudorandomness  psi  psychiatry  psychology  python  q-n-a  quantum-info  quantum  queer  quotes  ram  rand-complexity  random  rather-interesting  rationality  read  real  reason  reconstruction  research  review  rigorous-crypto  rnns  robot  robots  roots  russia  rust  rustlang  s:*  scale  schreiben  science  scitariat  security  shot  size  social-science  sociology  software  sonic  space-complexity  sql  state  strachey  strange  stream  submission  summary  system-of-professions  system  tcs  teaching  tensorflow  terrorism  test  the-trenches  the  theory-mind  theory  thinking  timbl  to-write-about  turing-complete  turing50  turing_machine  turingcomplete  type  unit  usa  user  valiant  video  visual  von-neumann  warfare  web  weird  west-hunter  wigderson  wikipedia  writing  yes  🎩  👽 

Copy this bookmark:



description:


tags: