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Mental Models I Find Repeatedly Useful – Gabriel Weinberg – Medium
Update: I’m co-authoring a book about the mental models from this post. Get notified when the book comes out here. via Pocket
IFTTT  Pocket  mental-model  mental-models  thinking 
11 hours ago by ionut.popa
General Thinking Tools: 9 Mental Models to Solve Difficult Problems
While there are millions of mental models, I find these the most useful in solving difficult problems. These general thinking tools should be taught in every school.
psychology  creativity  thinking  decisionmaking 
2 days ago by klarck
Odločevalce bi morali prepričati rezultati, ne nagrade
Če hočeš neko stvar narediti dobro, jo moraš najprej dobro premisliti. Za 14. rojstni dan sem si zelo želel zračno puško. Oče mi jo je kupil, ampak na kopitu puške mi je prilepil papir, na katerem je pisalo: Miha, trikrat premisli, enkrat sproži. To je zelo globoka misel. Moto mojega življenja je, da ne poskušam takoj odgovoriti na vprašanja, ampak prej vdihnem, in če so kakšna pomembna, ponavadi rečem, da bom odgovoril jutri. Druge poskušam poslušat, ko mi govorijo in premisliti o tem, kar so povedali in jim čez čas odgovoriti. To velja tudi za dejanja. Trikratni premislek te marsikdaj reši nekaterih situacij. Lepo bi bilo, če bi to počelo več ljudi, vendar tega ne moreš, če najprej samega sebe ne prepričaš, da je to pravi način, zato je utvara misliti, da lahko nekoga spremeniš. To je filozofija zena, mindfulnessa, čuječnosti, kot pravimo v Sloveniji. Da se zavedaš sveta okoli sebe, ne samo, da poslušaš, tudi slišiš, ne samo, da gledaš, tudi vidiš.
mihakos  thinking  time 
3 days ago by sspela
連載 その27 微積分はいらない
"ところでその正方形の大きさがわかったとしても、今度は犬の走った中心点までの距離をどうやって出すか、です。図5に示されるように、犬の走る軌跡は螺旋状になって中心点に向かい、その距離、つまり長さを出すには微積分の世界に入ってしまうことになります。
 ここで、ビル・ゲイツが微積分を使うような問題をはたして面接の場で出すのだろうか、という疑問が出てこないようだと合格点はおぼつかないことになります。"
interview  question  math  simplicity  thinking 
3 days ago by incep
Three Types of Societies, Three Types of Governments – The Neo-Ciceronian Times
Having said all of this, I would then note that among the many other things which are influenced by both genes and surroundings are the broad types of governmental forms (specifically, the three “classical” types of monarchic, aristocratic, and democratic) which tend to be “inhering” traits of the peoples who exhibit them. Several months ago, I touched on this in a post which could be thought of as a “case study,” in this case the specific question of why medieval and renaissance republicanism seems to have been limited to high-IQ Germanic populations. Why do cultures – and I’m going to bring the focus specifically to European, European-derived, and near-kin Indo-European populations – exhibit preferences for one type over the others? Are there cultural reasons which may predispose a nation in a certain governmental direction?

Let me first note the three general types of societies which a culture may exhibit, in broad terms, within the larger unit of a civilisation (such as, e.g., Western civilisation or Indian civilisation, etc.).

First, you have what I call core groups. These are groups which, as the name suggests, inhabit central areas within their larger civilisational setting, often hailing from the urheimat of their clade, or from areas which were settled early on in cases of migration. They tend to be more centralised in their cultural and social organisation, and may tend toward the baroque, or even decadence.

Second, you have marcher groups. These cultures exist on the edges of their clade’s contiguous settled areas, facing outward toward alien groups. As a result, they are often more heavily militarised, exhibiting forms of organisation which tends towards enhancing military preparedness and effectiveness.

Third, you have pioneer groups. These cultures usually develop when a clade is undergoing an expansion phase into new lands, and involves a great degree of decentralisation and political experimentation. These groups tend towards greater levels of “rugged individualism” as they find themselves thrown upon their own resources for survival and expansion.

I believe that we can see some tendencies (keeping in mind that they’re just tendencies) that each type of society has toward the governmental forms they prefer. Core groups will tend towards monarchy, marcher groups toward aristocracy, and pioneer groups toward democracy. We should also note that groups can change their configuration over time as their environment changes. Likewise, within a political unit, we can also discern that subgroups of the dominant culture may begin to diverge because of varied roles.

...

The important thing to note is that even though we live in a world which is much smaller due to globalisation, the existence of marcher (and even pioneer) nations has not ended. Despite the high degree of world development, not every state and not every nation within the various states are necessarily core societies whose culture/genetic complex would tolerate absolutist authority systems. There are still fracture areas between civilisations and clades which will militate toward aristocratic systems entailing personal loyalty and distributed military power. It is always possible in the future that (depending on how bad any Great Reset event might end up being) situations involving rapid expansion and the formation of (relatively) more democratic pioneer-type societies may still occur. One of the goals for neoreaction is to seek to bring order to the chaos. This order will demand greater authority for rulers. Even in democratic-tending populations, the foolish errors of universal suffrage, egalitarianism, and mass society must avoid repetition. Yet, those who would desire absolute monarchy may have to suffer the existence of aristocratic republics and feudal organisations. Nevertheless, the goal should always be to keep the momentum moving away from the democratisation and egalitarianism we currently see and towards more orderly, stable, and hierarchical governing systems.
gnon  politics  polisci  institutions  ideology  race  culture  society  social-structure  things  phalanges  democracy  antidemos  europe  germanic  the-great-west-whale  gavisti  civil-liberty  geography  thinking  individualism-collectivism  frontier  aristos  egalitarianism-hierarchy  gallic  britain  class  russia  india  asia  migration  MENA  usa  anglo  anglosphere  optimate  expansionism  conquest-empire  decentralized  military  government  correlation  redistribution  n-factor  cultural-dynamics  leviathan  martial  the-west  the-south  authoritarianism  feudal  history  medieval  prediction  revolution  elite 
4 days ago by nhaliday

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