terrorism   28906

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The Behavioral Ecology of Male Violence
My argument here is that homicide and warfare are very much ‘natural’ behaviors, often tied to male fitness interests; however, such behaviors are sensitive to socioecological cues, and their prevalence can vary significantly across and within societies. Even among chimpanzees, we see significant variation in rates of lethal violence between different communities, even for those located near each other.

An important strength of the behavioral ecology approach to understanding human behavior is that it goes beyond more narrow ideas rooted in genetic determinism or social constructionism. Violence is not ‘innate’ in the sense of being predictably and rigidly determined by genes alone, nor is it the arbitrary result of socialization or cultural learning. Yet violence is nonetheless rooted in human biology, particularly in sex differences between males and females, and the prevalence of violence can vary substantially across and within cultures due to socioecological factors.

In understanding the cross-cultural trends, as well as accounting for the variation, we can better understand both why males everywhere are, on average, more violent than females, as well as how best to reduce the prevalence of violence within our own societies.
nct  ncpin  Violence  Feminism  DasGeileNeueInternet  Amok  Terrorism  ToxicMasculinity 
17 minutes ago by walt74
The Other State of Emergency
As it turns out – and this should come as no surprise – the two challenges are actually very closely linked. I'm not referring here to the tenuous, or at least too oblique, connection between climate change in the Middle East and the crisis in Syria. Nor am I talking about the horror of the refugees hounded out by the terrorists, by the wholesale destruction of their country, or about the way we have reacted to the matter. Rather, I'm referring to that hideous attraction whereby suicide bombers prefer death and the afterlife to an earthly existence in the now.
terrorism  rhetoric  cw2018  rhetops 
yesterday by craniac
Jihadists see a funding boon in bitcoin • WSJ
Brett Forrest and Justin Scheck:
<p>cryptocurrency has become an increasingly discussed topic among jihadist groups in the Middle East. This month, an issue of al-Haqiqa, a pro-al Qaeda online magazine, included a “Tech Talk” section that outlines bitcoin basics.

Al Sadaqah has realized what other violent groups have found: Raising funds in cryptocurrencies can evade the rules the global banking system has put in place to block terror financing and money laundering.

“It is fast, efficient, and does not pass through the same interest-loaded and traceable routes that any usual payment methods would go through,” Hassan Abdo, an al Sadaqah spokesman, wrote to The Wall Street Journal in a text message. “This way we and our donors can keep our full anonymity.”

Yaya Fanusie, an ex-CIA analyst who is a director of the Washington-based counterterrorism think tank Foundation for Defense of Democracies, has been tracking al Sadaqah’s bitcoin accounts for months. He said it is difficult to confirm the identities of such groups online because they hide behind fake personas and use technology to protect their identities.

“What they’re more than likely attempting to do isn’t just to pick up a few peanuts in donations here,” said Michael Smith, a fellow at the New America think tank who studies terrorists’ use of technology. “It’s to build a network of sympathizers.”</p>

Maybe that's the new use for the blockchain. Not quite what Satoshi intended.
Bitcoin  terrorism 
yesterday by charlesarthur
Keeping the U.S.-Indonesia Relationship Moving Forward
Feb 2018 CFR report
“The relationship between the United States and Indonesia has long underperformed its potential,” writes Joshua Kurlantzick, senior fellow for Southeast Asia at the Council on Foreign Relations in this Council Special Report. “Instead of seeking unlikely goals,” Kurlantzick argues, “the two nations should embrace a more transactional approach,” focusing on “three discrete security goals—increasing deterrence in the South China Sea, combating militants linked to the Islamic State, and fighting piracy and other transnational crime in Southeast Asia.”
cfr  indonesia  south_china_sea  terrorism  piracy 
yesterday by strohps
TEDxManchester 2018 - transcript
What I have learned, and seen, is that effectiveness of a terrorist attack is measured not by its violence, its scale, or how many lives it claimed. The effectiveness of a terrorist attack is measured in how we as a society react to it. The true measure is how much fear it instills, how much division it creates between our communities, how much cultural change it puts our society under. Our responses, as both individuals and as communities, to these atrocities, is literally what imbues terrorism with its strength, and its power.
I have learned that those who respond to extremism with violence and bigotry and hatred against entire populations of people, are in fact doing precisely the least constructive and most damaging thing they could do. So much of this narrative is steered by our prominent right-wing press, who, when these attacks occur, call for closed borders and openly provoke racist hostilities to millions of readers: they’re playing their part perfectly. When a gang of thugs smash up a mosque, attack Muslims in their own homes, scrawl racist graffiti in public spaces - they form part of the damage. It’s not just about the bomb. It’s not just the attack that inflicts the damage. I have seen that it’s the physical impact is what we experience first, but the subsequent effects of this broken response to extremism are wide-ranging and immeasurably damaging to our communities.
by:DanHett  terrorism  journalism  racism  geo:UnitedKingdom 
8 days ago by owenblacker
Overview of Potential Agents of Biological Terrorism | SIU School of Medicine
Biological weapons are very attractive to the terrorist because of several characteristics. Aerosols of biological agents are invisible, silent, odorless, tasteless, and are relatively easily dispersed. They are 600 - 2000 times cheaper than other weapons of mass destruction. It is estimated that the cost would be about 0.05% the cost of a conventional weapon to produce similar numbers of mass casualties per square kilometer. The production is relatively easy, using the common technology available for the production of some antibiotics, vaccines, foods, and beverages. The delivery systems such as spray devices from an airplane, boat or car are commonly available. The natural lead time provided by the organism's incubation period (3 to 7 days for most potential organisms) would allow for the terrorists' escape before any investigation starts. In addition, the use of an endemic infectious agent may cause confusion because of the inability to differentiate a biological warfare attack from a natural epidemic. For some agents potential exists for secondary or tertiary transmission by person-to-person transmission or natural vectors.

The consequences of biological weapons use are many. They can rapidly produce mass effect that overwhelms services and the health care system of the communities. Most of the civilian population is susceptible to infections caused by these agents. They are associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. The resulting illness is usually difficult to diagnose and treat early, particularly in areas where the disease is rarely seen. One kilogram of anthrax powder has the capability to kill up to 100,000 people depending on the mechanism of delivery (33). The economic impact of a biological attack has been estimated to be from 478 million/100,000 persons exposed (brucellosis scenario) to 26.2 billion/100,000 persons exposed (anthrax scenario) (34).
terrorism  military  war  biologicalweapons  weapons 
12 days ago by imaginaryfriend
The Destabilizing Dangers of U.S. Counterterrorism in the Sahel
This sounds like a terrible idea. Leave it to the French, they know what they're doing.
sahel  terrorism  specialforces 
14 days ago by yorksranter
Secret Alliance: Israel Carries Out Airstrikes in Egypt, With Cairo’s O.K. - The New York Times
The jihadists in Egypt’s Northern Sinai had killed hundreds of soldiers and police officers, pledged allegiance to the Islamic State, briefly seized a major town and begun setting up armed checkpoints to claim territory. In late 2015, they brought down a Russian passenger jet.

Egypt appeared unable to stop them, so Israel, alarmed at the threat just over the border, took action.

For more than two years, unmarked Israeli drones, helicopters and jets have carried out a covert air campaign, conducting more than 100 airstrikes inside Egypt, frequently more than once a week — and all with the approval of President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.
terrorism  state  Violence_y_Power  Passions  pol.639 
15 days ago by Jibarosoy

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