social_theory   595

« earlier    

Meaning and Modularity: The Multivalence of “Mechanism” in Sociological Explanation - Carly R. Knight, Isaac Ariail Reed, 2019
Mechanisms are ubiquitous in sociological explanation. Recent theoretical work has sought to extend mechanistic explanation further still: into cultural and interpretative analysis. Yet it is not clear that the concept of mechanism can coherently unify interpretation and causal explanation within a single explanatory framework. We note that sociological mechanistic explanation is marked by a crucial disjuncture. Specifically, we identify two conflicting mechanistic approaches: Modular mechanism models depict counterfactual dependence among independent causal chains, whereas meaningful mechanism models depict relational interdependence among semiotic assemblages. This disjuncture, we argue, is grounded in incompatible causal foundations and entails mechanistic models with distinct and conflicting evidentiary standards. We conclude by proposing a way forward: a sociological pluralism that is attentive to the productive incongruity of our distinct explanatory models.
explanation  social_mechanism  social_theory 
4 weeks ago by rvenkat
Analytical Sociology and Its Critics*
In reaction to the criticisms to which analytical sociology has been subject with increasing frequency, the article attempts an overall assessment of this research program by addressing the following questions: where does contemporary analytical sociology come from? what are the differences between the “old” and “new” analytical sociology? what does analytical sociology really consist of? do the critics of analytical sociology have good reasons to be critical? Gross’s 2009 ASR article is deeply discussed in order to answer the last question.

-- I don't care for the term "Analytical Sociology" but am mostly OK with what they have to offer. So, I'm curious to know what the critics have to say.
macro_from_micro  sociology  foundations  social_theory 
june 2019 by rvenkat
Minds Make Societies | Yale University Press
"“There is no good reason why human societies should not be described and explained with the same precision and success as the rest of nature.” Thus argues evolutionary psychologist Pascal Boyer in this uniquely innovative book.
"Integrating recent insights from evolutionary biology, genetics, psychology, economics, and other fields, Boyer offers precise models of why humans engage in social behaviors such as forming families, tribes, and nations, or creating gender roles. In fascinating, thought-provoking passages, he explores questions such as, Why is there conflict between groups? Why do people believe low-value information such as rumors? Why are there religions? What is social justice? What explains morality? Boyer provides a new picture of cultural transmission that draws on the pragmatics of human communication, the constructive nature of memory in human brains, and human motivation for group formation and cooperation."
to:NB  books:noted  social_theory  epidemiology_of_representations  evolutionary_psychology  anthropology  boyer.pascal  evolution_of_cooperation  cultural_transmission  re:do-institutions-evolve  books:owned 
may 2018 by cshalizi
Ordinalization: Lewis A. Coser Memorial Award for Theoretical Agenda Setting 2014 - Marion Fourcade, 2016
We can think of three basic principles of classificatory judgment for comparing things and people. I call these judgments nominal (oriented to essence), cardinal (oriented to quantities), and ordinal (oriented to relative positions). Most social orders throughout history are organized around the intersection of these different types. In line with the ideals of political liberalism, however, democratic societies have developed an arsenal of institutions to untangle nominal and ordinal judgments in various domains of social life. In doing so, I suggest, they have contributed to the parallel amplification of both. In this article, I specifically discuss the socio-technical channels through which ordinal judgments are now elaborated, a process I call ordinalization. I conclude by exploring the political and economic possibilities of a society in which ordinal processes are ubiquitous.
economic_sociology  inequality  social_theory  institutions  historical_sociology  comparative 
february 2018 by rvenkat
The Adorkable Misogyny of The Big Bang Theory - YouTube
On top of being a fantastic close read, this video also introduces the concept of "lampshading" which is a great articulation of "ironic" racism/sexism/etc.
2017  sexism  misogyny  gender  social_theory  video  popculture  masculinity  nerd_culture 
december 2017 by chritter
David James, ed., Hegel's Elements of the Philosophy of Right: A Critical Guide - review by William Desmond | BDPR - Dec 2017
David James (ed.), Hegel's Elements of the Philosophy of Right: A Critical Guide, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2017, 234 pp.,
Reviewed by William Desmond, Villanova University/KU Leuven
Evernote  political_philosophy  19thC  Hegel  intellectual_history  individualism  books  community  social_theory  Marx  German_Idealism  free_will  German_philosophy  reviews  Hegelian  Hegel-philosophy_of_right 
december 2017 by dunnettreader
Jeffrey Edward Green - Rawls and the Forgotten Figure of the Most Advantaged: In Defense of Reasonable Envy toward the Superrich (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
This article aims to correct the widespread imbalance in contemporary liberal thought, which makes explicit appeal to the "least advantaged" without parallel attention to the "most advantaged" as a distinct group in need of regulatory attention. Rawls's influential theory of justice is perhaps the paradigmatic instance of this imbalance, but I show how a Rawlsian framework nonetheless provides three justifications for why implementers of liberal justice—above all, legislators—should regulate the economic prospects of a polity's richest citizens: as a heuristic device for ensuring that a system of inequalities not reach a level at which inequalities cease being mutually advantageous, as protection against excessive inequalities threatening civic liberty, and as redress for a liberal society's inability to fully realize fair equality of opportunity with regard to education and politics. Against the objection that such arguments amount to a defense of envy, insofar as they support policies that in certain instances impose economic costs on the most advantaged with negative or neutral economic impact on the rest of society, I attend to Rawls's often overlooked distinction between irrational and reasonable forms of envy, showing that any envy involved in the proposed regulation of the most advantaged falls within this latter category. - downloaded via iphone to dbox
politics-and-money  political_participation  inequality-wealth  regulatory_capture  political_philosophy  political_culture  tax_havens  Early_Republic  inequality  estate_tax  intellectual_history  inheritance  republicanism  Plato-Republic  elites-political_influence  Jefferson  Harrington  crony_capitalism  Europe-Early_Modern  fairness  article  Aristotle  social_capital  social_theory  Rawls  social_democracy  Machiavelli  Plato  inequality-opportunity  jstor  bibliography  ancient_Rome  regulation  justice  liberalism  egalitarian  regulatory_avoidance  interest_groups  legitimacy  deliberative_democracy  political_history  class_conflict  downloaded  education-elites  social_order  elites-self-destructive  Roman_Republic  ancient_Greece  republics-Ancient_v_Modern 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Alan Patton - Cultural Preservation and Liberal Values: A Reply to William James Booth (2013) | American Political Science Review on JSTOR
William James Booth elaborates three main challenges to my social lineage account (Patten 2011). Conceptually, he finds the proposal to be question-beginning. Normatively, he thinks that it has objectionable implications. And, substantively, he claims that the proposal is unhelpful, that it fails to explain a case of theoretical importance for multiculturalism. In this reply, I argue that each of these challenges misses the target. The social lineage account continues to offer a promising, nonessentialist basis for normative multiculturalism. - Downloaded via iphone
cultural_change  social_theory  US_politics  indigenous_peoples  US_society  culture_wars  political_sociology  cultural_diversity  minorities  identity-multiple  political_culture  culture  essentialism  political_theory  downloaded  liberalism  multiculturalism  national_ID  article  bibliography  nationalism  political_science  jstor  cultural_transmission  community  US_politics-race  cultural_stability  mass_culture 
july 2017 by dunnettreader
Coming out as 'non-binary' throws other women under the bus
"Since Butler is not concerned with the liberation of women in particular, the fact that women disidentifying with one another is likely to impede feminist efforts doesn’t bother her. But despite Butler’s admission that her politics are not specifically concerned with female liberation, many women still declare their non-binary disidentification to be a feminist act."
feminism  gender  identity  non-binary  femme  queer  judith_butler  social_theory  csc  cultural_theory  2016  non-fiction  dysmorphia  individualism  liberalism  sexism  sjw 
june 2017 by chritter
Varieties of Social Imagination, Celarent, Abbott
"In July 2009, the American Journal of Sociology (AJS) began publishing book reviews by an individual writing as Barbara Celarent, professor of particularity at the University of Atlantis. Mysterious in origin, Celarent’s essays taken together provide a broad introduction to social thinking. Through the close reading of important texts, Celarent’s short, informative, and analytic essays engaged with long traditions of social thought across the globe—from India, Brazil, and China to South Africa, Turkey, and Peru. . . and occasionally the United States and Europe.
"Sociologist and AJS editor Andrew Abbott edited the Celarent essays, and in Varieties of Social Imagination, he brings the work together for the first time. Previously available only in the journal, the thirty-six meditations found here allow readers not only to engage more deeply with a diversity of thinkers from the past, but to imagine more fully a sociology—and a broader social science—for the future."
to:NB  books:noted  book_reviews  sociology_of_science  social_theory 
april 2017 by cshalizi
Warren Breckman - Cornelius Castoriadis contra Postmodernism: Beyond the "French Ideology" (1998) | JSTOR
Cornelius Castoriadis contra Postmodernism: Beyond the "French Ideology"
Warren Breckman
French Politics and Society
Vol. 16, No. 2 (Spring 1998), pp. 30-42
Topics: Political freedom, Concept of being, Postmodern philosophy, Political ideologies, Political philosophy, Rationalism, Democracy, Unconscious mind, Psyche, Political extremism
Downloaded via iPhone to DBOX
unconscious  article  ideology  social_theory  20thC  postmodern  democracy  extremism  political_philosophy  Castoriadis  French_intellectuals  downloaded 
january 2017 by dunnettreader
Stephen Turner - Double Heuristics and Collective Knowledge: the Case of Expertise (2012) - archived on Cosmos + Taxis site
STUDIES IN EMERGENT ORDER VOL 5 (2012): 64-85 -- cases of extreme “information asymmetry” in which members of the audience of the experts have knowledge that is different from the knowledge of experts. The knowledge is often relevant, and the decision by a member of the audience of the expert to accept or reject the expert’s claims is not, as the models imply, based simply on beliefs about the reliability of the experts, but on the knowledge that the member of the audience already has, and has solid grounds for. In these cases, the better model for understanding how the member of the audience assesses the expert involves the content of the knowledge, not merely the evaluation of the expert. (...) I will treat the problem of expert knowledge as a special case of knowledge aggregation. My suggestion will be that the application of specific decision procedures, such as voting, produces, at the collective level, an emergent form of knowledge acquisition with its own features. Nothing about this account, however, requires an appeal to super-individual entities or processes, collective intentionality, and so forth. My point, rather, will be that to understand these processes it is necessary to eliminate some familiar prejudices about knowledge acquisition and our dependence on others. To put it in a slogan, my point is that “collective epistemology” or social epistemology has failed to be either sufficiently social or sufficiently epistemological. My approach will be to bring both back in, without resorting to appeals to collective facts. -- downloaded via Air to DBOX
article  downloaded  social_theory  epistemology  epistemology-social  evidence  rationality  asymmetric_information  emergence 
september 2016 by dunnettreader
Dmitri N. Shalin - Critical Theory and theh Pragmatist Challenge (1992) | American Journal of Sociology
AJS Volume 98 Number 2 (September 1992): 237-79 -- Habermas's theory breaks with the Continental tradition that has denigrated pragmatism as an Anglo-Saxon philosophy subservient to technocratic capitalism. While Habermas deftly uses pragmatist insights into communicative rationality and democratic ethos, he shows little sensitivity to other facets of pragmatism. This article argues that incorporating the pragmatist perspective on experience and indeterminacy brings a corrective to the emancipatory agenda championed by critical theorists. The pragmatist alternative to the theory of communicative action is presented, with the discussion centering around the following themes: disembodied reason versus embodied reasonableness, determinate being versus indeterminate reality, discursive truth versus pragmatic certainty, rational consensus versus reasonable dissent, transcendental democracy versus democratic transcendence, and rational society versus sane community. -- downloaded via Air to DBOX - added to Evernote
article  downloaded  social_theory  political_philosophy  critical_theory  pragmatism  Habermas  Peirce  James_William  Dewey  democracy  community  public_sphere  public_reason  rationality  experience  indeterminacy  dissent  consensus  public_opinion  cultural_critique  change-social 
september 2016 by dunnettreader

« earlier    

related tags

16thc  17thc  18thc  1960s  19thc  2016  2017  20thc  21stc  3rd_republic  4th_republic  a_priori  academies  access_to_services  adultery  aesthetics  agency  alienation  analytical_philosophy  ancient_greece  ancient_rome  annales  anthropology  anti-communist  anti-humanism  anti-individualism  anti-modernity  anticlerical  antiquarianism  aquinas  arendt  aristotle  art-contemporary  art  art_criticism  art_history  article  artists  asymmetric_information  augustine  augustinian  authenticity  author_intention  authority  authors  automatons  avant_guard  banking  behavioralism  belles-lettres  bentham  bergson  bibliography  big_data  biocultural_evolution  blog  blumenberg  book  book_review  book_reviews  books  books:noted  books:owned  bookshelf  boudon  bourdieu  boyer.pascal  breview  british_history  burke_kenneth  cambridge_school  camus  capital_as_power  capitalism-alternatives  capitalism-systemic_crisis  capitalism-varieties  capitalism  castoriadis  catholics-and-politics  catholics  causation-evolutionary  causation-social  causation  central_banks  change-economic  change-intellectual  change-social  chastity  children  chinese_thought  church-and-state  church_courts  church_history  church_of_england  citizenship  civic_virtue  civil_liberties  civil_religion  civil_society  class_conflict  classes  classicism  coercion  cognition  cold_war  collège_defrance  colonialism  commodification  common_good  common_law  communication  communitarian  community-virtual  community  comparative  comparative_anthropology  comparative_law  comparative_politics  comparative_religion  competition  concepts-change  concepts  conference  conflict  consensus  conservatism  constant  constructivism  consumer_revolution  consumerism  contextualism  contingency  continuity  cooperation  cosmology  counter-enlightenment  course  courses  credit  criminal_justice  crisis_of_civilization  critical_theory  crony_capitalism  csc  cultural_authority  cultural_capital  cultural_change  cultural_critique  cultural_diversity  cultural_history  cultural_stability  cultural_theory  cultural_transmission  culture-comparative  culture  culture_wars  data_mining  declinism  deliberative_democracy  deluze  democracy  democracy_deficit  derrida  determinism  development-impact  development  dewey  dialectic-historical  dialectic  dialogue  diffusion_of_innovations  digital_humanities  dignity  disciplines  discrimination  disenchantment  dissent  division_of_labor  downloaded  dualism  durkheim  dysmorphia  early_republic  economic_culture  economic_history  economic_models  economic_sociology  economic_theory  economics  education-elites  education  ef-add  egalitarian  elite_culture  elites-political_influence  elites-self-destructive  elites  elster  embodied_cognition  emergence  empathy  enlightenment-ongoing  enlightenment  enlightenment_project  entre_deux_guerres  environment  epidemiology_of_representations  epistemic_closure  epistemology-moral  epistemology-naturalism  epistemology-social  epistemology  essentialism  estate_tax  etexts  eu  eu_governance  europe-early_modern  europe-federalism  european_integration  eurozone  evernote  evidence  evolution-as-model  evolution-social  evolution_of_cooperation  evolutionary_biology  evolutionary_psychology  exceptionalism  existentialism  experience  explanation  extremism  facism  fairness  family  family_law  femininity  feminism  femme  fin-de-siècle  finance_capital  financial_crisis  financial_regulation  financial_system  financialization  flaubert  foucault  foundations  fragmentation  france  free_trade  free_will  french_intellectuals  french_language  french_lit  french_moralists  french_resistance  freud  gauchet  gender  gender_history  genetics  german_idealism  german_philosophy  germany  gilded_age  global_governance  global_history  globalization  gouldner  governance  government-roles  graham_harman  great_divergence  great_recession  guizot  habermas  han_byung-chul  harrington  hegel-philosophy_of_right  hegel  hegelian-left  hegelian  heidegger  hellenophiles  hermeneutics  hierarchy  historical_change  historical_sociology  historicism  historiography-19thc  historiography  history-and-social_sciences  history  history_of_book  history_of_science  hobbes  human_capital  human_nature  human_rights  humanism  humanities  husserl  identity-multiple  identity  identity_politics  ideology  imagined_communities  imperialism  increasing_returns  indeterminacy  indigenous_peoples  individualism  industrial_revolution  inequality-global  inequality-opportunity  inequality-wealth  inequality  information-intermediaries  inheritance  innovation-government_policy  innovation  instapaper  institutional_change  institutions  intellectual_history-distorted  intellectual_history  intelligentsia  interest_groups  international_political_economy  international_system  internet  interview  ir  irrationalism  james_william  jefferson  jstor  judicial_review  judiciary  judith_butler  jurisprudence  justice-retributive  justice  kieran.healy  kindle-available  labor  labor_history  labor_markets  labor_share  labor_standards  labor_theory_of_value  lacan  laisser-faire  latin_america  law_enforcement  laïcité  lecture  lefort  legal_culture  legal_history  legal_realism  legal_reasoning  legal_reform  legal_system  legal_theory  legitimacy  lender-of-last-resort  level_of_analysis  liberal_internationalism  liberalism  liberty  lit_crit  literary_history  machiavelli  machine_learning  macro_from_micro  macroeconomics  malraux  man-of-feeling  manet  manners  mannheim  marginalists  marginalized_groups  market-size_of  market_fundamentalism  market_manipulation  markets-dependence_on_government  markets-failure  markets-structure  markets  marriage  marx  marxism  marxist-analytical  marxist  masculinity  mass_culture  material_culture  materialism  meaning  means-justify-ends  mechanism  mechanisms-social_theory  media  medicine  medieval_history  medieval_philosophy  melaçon  memory  mental_health  mercantilism  metaethics  metaphor  metaphysics  methodenstreit  methodological_individualism  methodology-qualitative  methodology-quantitative  methodology  military_revolution  mind  minorities  misogyny  mission_civilatice  modernism  modernity-emergence  modernity  monetary_theory  monetary_union  money  monopolies  montaigne  montesquieu  moral_philosophy  moral_sentiments  morality-conventional  morality-divine_command  morality-objective  multiculturalism  narrative-contested  narrative  nation-state  national_id  national_tale  nationalism  natural_law  natural_philosophy  natural_rights  naturalism  nature-mastery  nature-nurture  nature  neo-kantian  neoliberalism  neoplatonism  nerd_culture  networks-business  networks-information  networks-political  networks-social  networks  neuroscience  non-binary  non-fiction  non-violence  norms  novels  objectivity  obligation  ontology-social  open_access  open_source  orientalism  painting  papacy  parties  partisanship  patriarchy  pcf  peirce  phenomenology  philosophical_anthropology  philosophy  philosophy_of_history  philosophy_of_language  philosophy_of_law  philosophy_of_religion  philosophy_of_science  philosophy_of_social_science  physiology  plato-republic  plato  pocock  poetics  policymaking  politeness  political_change  political_culture  political_discourse  political_economy  political_history  political_participation  political_philosophy  political_press  political_science  political_sociology  political_theory  politics-and-history  politics-and-literature  politics-and-money  politics-and-religion  popculture  positive_law  positivism-legal  positivism  post-cold_war  post-secular  post-wwii  postcolonial  posthumanism  postmodern  poststructuralist  poverty  power-asymmetric  power-symbolic  power  pragmatism  pre-wwi  prices  primitivism  print_culture  printing  privacy  profit  progress  property  property_rights  psychology  public_goods  public_health  public_intellectuals  public_opinion  public_policy  public_reason  public_sphere  punishment  queer  rational_choice  rationalist  rationality-bounded  rationality-economics  rationality  rawls  re:do-institutions-evolve  reason  receprocity  recognition  redistribution  reductionism  reform-social  reformation  regulation  regulatory_avoidance  regulatory_capture  reification  relativism  religious_belief  religious_culture  religious_history  renaissance  rents  representative_institutions  republicanism  republics-ancient_v_modern  resistance  responsibility  review  reviews  revolutions  rhetoric  rights-legal  rights-political  roman_republic  romanticism  russian_revolution  sartre  scientific_method  scientific_revolution  scientism  scottish_enlightenment  scribd  secularism  secularization  self-fashioning  self-knowledge  self  sensibility  sentimentalism  sex  sexism  sjw  skinner  smollett  sociability  social_capital  social_contract  social_democracy  social_gospel  social_history  social_landscape  social_mechanism  social_movements  social_networks  social_order  social_problem  social_process  social_psychology  social_sciences-post-wwii  social_sciences  social_thought  socialism  socialization  society  sociology  sociology_of_fields  sociology_of_knowledge  sociology_of_law  sociology_of_religion  sociology_of_science  solidarity  sovereign_debt  sovereignty  spatial  speculative_realism  spirituality  ssrn  stagnation  status  sterne  strauss_howe  structuralism  structuralist  study_and_uses  subjectivity  subsidiarity  surveillance  symbolic_interaction  tax_havens  teaching  tech/culture  tech  tech_criticsm  technology-history  technology  theology  theory  thomism-19thc  thomism-21stc  thomism  time-perception  time  to:nb  to_read  tocqueville  trade-theory  two_cultures  ultramontane  unconscious  universalism  us_history  us_politics-race  us_politics  us_society  usa  usp-cap-5987  utilitarianism  values  vatican_ii  veblen  vichy  video  violence  wages  wealth  weber  welfare_state  wikipedia  women-legal_status  women-property  women-rights  women  worker_co-ops  working_class  world_systems  wwi  wwii 

Copy this bookmark: