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The Failure of Null Hypothesis Significance Testing When Studying Incremental Changes, and What to Do About ItPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin - Andrew Gelman, 2017
A standard mode of inference in social and behavioral science is to establish stylized facts using statistical significance in quantitative studies. However, in a world in which measurements are noisy and effects are small, this will not work: selection on statistical significance leads to effect sizes which are overestimated and often in the wrong direction. After a brief discussion of two examples, one in economics and one in social psychology, we consider the procedural solution of open postpublication review, the design solution of devoting more effort to accurate measurements and within-person comparisons, and the statistical analysis solution of multilevel modeling and reporting all results rather than selection on significance. We argue that the current replication crisis in science arises in part from the ill effects of null hypothesis significance testing being used to study small effects with noisy data. In such settings, apparent success comes easy but truly replicable results require a more serious connection between theory, measurement, and data.
statistics  social_science  critique  replication_of_studies  meta-analysis  methods  andrew.gelman 
5 weeks ago by rvenkat
The Google Memo: Four Scientists Respond
Support for the Google memoer's claims by experts
analysis  statistics  social_science 
7 weeks ago by isch
Over nearly 80 years, Harvard study has been showing how to live a healthy and happy life | Harvard Gazette
For nearly 80 years, the Harvard Study of Adult Development has been producing data and lessons on how to live longer, happier, and healthier lives.
Social_Science  health 
july 2017 by killforlove
The Comparative Constitutions Project
"The Comparative Constitutions Project ... produces comprehensive data about the world’s constitutions ... in order to answer a set of research questions about the origins and consequences of constitutional choices. These same questions are of direct relevance to those revising constitutions, who often lack even the most basic information about constitutional provisions in other countries, past and present.

The CCP aims to fill this informational gap by providing systematic data to comparative legal scholars for analysis long before they provide advice to constitution drafters. It is our hope that the analysis of, and insights from, these data will promote peace, justice, and human development through the constitution making process."
social_science  political_science  research  reference 
june 2017 by loimprevisto
Constitute!
"New constitutions are written every year. The people who write these important documents need to read and analyze texts from other places. Constitute offers access to the world’s constitutions that users can systematically compare them across a broad set of topics — using an inviting, clean interface."
reference  political_science  social_science 
june 2017 by loimprevisto
Home - Burning the Man, Academically - FIU Libraries: research at Florida International University
This guide consolidates various formats of information either created by the academic community of Burning Man or publications created by the Burning Man Organization.
arts  burning_man  Social_Science 
april 2017 by MF_reads

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