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The Breakthrough Institute
What the epidemiological evidence really suggests is that people who generally eat more fruits and vegetables (and perhaps a tiny bit less fast food) tend to be healthier because they also tend to be wealthier. These behaviors, in other words, are not likely a meaningful cause of their healthfulness but rather markers of wealth and status, which are the real drivers of disparate health outcomes.

Consider that where the associations be
food  healthcare  diet  social_order 
3 days ago by perich
How Complex Systems Fail
18 bullet points on the nature of complexity, the inherent risk of failure, and the work required to sustain it. "People continuously create safety."
pdf  social_order  complex_systems  anarchism 
4 weeks ago by perich
Normcore | Dissent Magazine
The unifying idea is that liberal democracy is not self-sustaining—not automatically, anyway. Even if they have opponents outside, such as Putin and his agents, liberal democrats should most fear the dysfunctions of their own system. But what makes the system work, and what breaks it?

These are urgent questions that were too easy for pundits to ignore before Trump made them unavoidable. But while all of these authors make some room for recent disruptions—the growth of inequality, the rise of social media, the backlash against immigration—they share a view that formed during the Cold War and seemed vindicated in 1989: that “democracy” means a cleaned-up version of what we do in the United States, complete with American-style capitalism, a word that hardly appears in these books because it is so deeply assumed.
social_order  jed_purdy  democracy  capitalism  donald_trump  fascism 
may 2018 by perich
Why Your LARP Safety Will Fail: A Hacker's Guide
Think of your organization as an interconnected network. Each position, each rule and each person in your organization is a single part of that network. Each one fulfills a purpose. Now, ask yourself – “How hard would it be to compromise my organization and take it over? How fast could someone do so, and how likely am I to detect it?”

There’s no such thing as being perfectly secure, but you can become more secure. The first step is to be honest about how secure you are right now. Look at your organization, and think about how much damage someone could do, and how quickly; and what controls you have in place to stop them from running rampant before you can detect them or expel them.
organization  organizing  social_order  infosec  hacking  concom 
april 2018 by perich
How to change the course of human history | Eurozine
Jared Diamond notwithstanding, there is absolutely no evidence that top-down structures of rule are the necessary consequence of large-scale organization. Walter Scheidel notwithstanding, it is simply not true that ruling classes, once established, cannot be gotten rid of except by general catastrophe.
anarchism  anthropology  historical_revisionism  counterpoint  history  agriculture  social_order  david_graeber 
april 2018 by perich
Power: A Radical View (2005 Revised Edition) by Steven Lukes
Updated version of the 1974 text defining what "power" truly is and how elites manipulate the behavior of the populace.
social_order  anarchism  to_read  pdf  socialism 
march 2018 by perich
Why is pop culture obsessed with battles between good and evil? | Aeon Essays
Good guy/bad guy narratives might not possess any moral sophistication, but they do promote social stability, and they’re useful for getting people to sign up for armies and fight in wars with other nations. Their values feel like morality, and the association with folklore and mythology lends them a patina of legitimacy, but still, they don’t arise from a moral vision. They are rooted instead in a political vision, which is why they don’t help us deliberate, or think more deeply about the meanings of our actions. Like the original Grimm stories, they’re a political tool designed to bind nations together.
history  culture  social_order  mythology  iliad  star_wars  story_structure  storytelling  brothers_grimm 
january 2018 by perich
Motif (folkloristics) - Wikipedia
Folklorists also use motif to refer to the recognizable and consistently repeated story elements (e.g., common characters, objects, actions, and events) that are used in the traditional plot structures, or tale types, of many stories and folktales. These motifs, which Dr. Margaret Read Macdonald calls “each small part of a tale,”[1] were indexed in 1932 by Stith Thompson and published as the Motif-Index of Folk-Literature.[1]

Thompson built upon the research of Antti Aarne (and the tale type index he created) when he compiled, classified, and numbered the traditional motifs of the mostly European folktale types in Aarne’s index and then cross referenced those motifs with Aarne’s tale types (Dundes).[2] Folklorist Alan Dundes explains that Stith Thompson’s “six-volume Motif-Index of Folk-Literature and the Aarne-Thompson tale type index constitute two of the most valuable tools in the professional folklorist's arsenal of aids for analysis”.[2]

Below is a sample of the index's headings.[3]
culture  social_order  story_structure  folkways  history  writing  useful 
december 2017 by perich
How to Be an Anticapitalist Today
Capitalism has generated massive increases in productivity and extravagant wealth for some, yet many people still struggle to make ends meet. Capitalism is an inequality-enhancing machine as well as a growth machine. Not to mention that it is becoming clearer that capitalism, driven by the relentless search for profits, is destroying the environment.

Both of these accounts are anchored in the realities of capitalism. It is not an illusion that capitalism has transformed the material conditions of life in the world and enormously increased human productivity; many people have benefited from this. But equally, it is not an illusion that capitalism generates great harms and perpetuates unnecessary forms of human suffering.
socialism101  capitalism  social_order  social_democracy 
december 2017 by perich
The Tyranny of Stuctureless
This means that to strive for a structureless group is as useful, and as deceptive, as to aim at an "objective" news story, "value-free" social science, or a "free" economy. A "laissez faire" group is about as realistic as a "laissez faire" society; the idea becomes a smokescreen for the strong or the lucky to establish unquestioned hegemony over others. This hegemony can be so easily established because the idea of "structurelessness" does not prevent the formation of informal structures, only formal ones. Similarly "laissez faire" philosophy did not prevent the economically powerful from establishing control over wages, prices, and distribution of goods; it only prevented the government from doing so. Thus structurelessness becomes a way of masking power, and within the women's movement is usually most strongly advocated by those who are the most powerful (whether they are conscious of their power or not). As long as the structure of the group is informal, the rules of how decisions are made are known only to a few and awareness of power is limited to those who know the rules. Those who do not know the rules and are not chosen for initiation must remain in confusion, or suffer from paranoid delusions that something is happening of which they are not quite aware.
activism  culture  social_dynamics  social_order  hierarchy 
november 2017 by perich
Who Cares? | Boston Review
The alt-right demand for public life is part of a quest to retake the public they or their parents abandoned a few decades ago. After integration or desegregation, white disinvestment and abandonment of public things often comes next.
social_order  white_flight  alt-right  activism 
september 2017 by perich
LittleSis is Watching the One Percent | Sarah Jaffe
The key part of power mapping is going up the food chain and really understanding who wields power in our society. Thinking beyond traditional organizing targets, like elected officials. So, looking above those folks to identify the corporations that are donating to them? Which corporations are massive employers in our society and therefore wield a lot of influence? How are they connected to one another?

We have a database called that is like a Wikipedia-style database. Anyone can sign up for it, add information to it, and search for information on the one percent of America. Part of the idea of Map the Power grew out of that work we had done on training people to use that database, and its concepts. So much information is available on the Internet—anyone can do this kind of power structure research.
social_order  power_mapping  corruption  littlesis  electoral_politics 
september 2017 by perich
Story Structure 101: Super Basic Shit | Channel 101 Wiki | FANDOM powered by Wikia
Here we go, down and dirty:

. A character is in a zone of comfort,
. But they want something.
. They enter an unfamiliar situation,
. Adapt to it,
. Get what they wanted,
. Pay a heavy price for it,
. Then return to their familiar situation,
. Having changed.
Start thinking of as many of your favorite movies as you can, and see if they apply to this pattern. Now think of your favorite party anecdotes, your most vivid dreams, fairy tales, and listen to a popular song (the music, not necessarily the lyrics). Get used to the idea that stories follow that pattern of descent and return, diving and emerging. Demystify it. See it everywhere. Realize that it's hardwired into your nervous system, and trust that in a vacuum, raised by wolves, your stories would follow this pattern.
writing  social_order  anthropology  story_structure 
august 2017 by perich
Law and the rise of capitalism | Works in theory
Since property is a social relation, new varieties of property tend to come to prominence when social relations are shifting — especially as classes are rising or falling in relation to each other. Today, I’ll focus on four historical periods when the law shifted in response to social developments.

First, I’ll look at the original roots of capitalist law, which lie in the expansion of trade in the late Middle Ages. The form of property was goods that could be transported by land and sea. The laws themselves regulated life within the moneyed classes that were involved with trade, such as merchants and bankers.

In the second period, the laws that regulated the trade of moveable goods were extended to cover the land. This movement reflected the rise of the bourgeoisie from its small beginnings, and it was a direct attack on the social position of the landholding noble class.

For the third period, I’ll jump from Europe to colonial Virginia, where the landholders were doing pioneering legal work to deal with people as property — as African slave labor became indispensable to the Southern economy.

The fourth period, our own period, is dominated by wage slavery. The relevant form of property is labor power. Workers are legally free and equal to the bourgeoisie, but the predominance of these legal relations actually corresponds to the social ascendancy of capitalists over workers.

So, it’ll be a quick social history of four types of property — goods, land, slaves, and labor power.
history  capitalism  social_order  labor  property  libertarianism 
july 2017 by perich
Origins of the police | Works in theory
Not just a history of the police, but also of pre-capitalist social order in Europe.
history  police  historical_revisionism  capitalism  social_order  medieval 
july 2017 by perich
Book Event: Jenny Davidson’s "Breeding: A Partial History of the 18thC" | The Valve - A Literary Organ |- May 2009
Note - this doesn't appear organized by tag in their archives
Book Event: Jenny Davidson’s Breeding
Posted by Scott Eric Kaufman on 05/25/09
Beginning tomorrow, The Valve will be hosting a book event on Jenny Davidson‘s Breeding: A Partial History of the Eighteenth Century. Peter Gay has already reviewed the book for Bookforum, which is rather remarkable when you consider this was an academic book published by a university press—then again, it’s a rather remarkable book.
The introduction and first two chapters are available online.
cultural_history  Enlightenment  evolution  reviews  aristocracy  mechanism  18thC  inheritance  books  literary_history  Scottish_Enlightenment  novels  nature-nurture  fiction  nobility  intellectual_history  materialism  character-formation  social_order  determinism  human_nature  natural_history  French_Enlightenment 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
MIRBEAU, Octave – Sébastien Roch | Litterature
Donneuse de voix : Juliette (2011) | Durée : 13h 30min | Genre : Romans
Dans ce roman, en partie autobiographique, Octave Mirbeau ose aborder un sujet longtemps tabou, le viol d’un jeune garçon, naïf et rêveur, par un père Jésuite pervers et manipulateur.

Les conséquence de ce « meurtre d’une âme d’enfant » seront dévastatrices et dramatiques pour le jeune Sébastien.
French_language  19thC  audio-books  sexuality  social_order  French_lit  child_abuse  social_critique  anti-Catholic  novels  homosexuality 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
DAUDET, Alphonse – Jack | Litterature
Donneuse de voix : Cocotte (2013) | Durée : 20h 20min | Genre : Romans
De nombreuses œuvres d’Alphonse Daudet sont déjà sur le site. Voici aujourd’hui Jack, un roman touchant, qui dépeint la vie quotidienne au début du 19ème siècle, aussi bien celle d’un un internat, que les dures conditions du travail dans les usines, qu’une noce champêtre dans la banlieue parisienne.

Jack est l’enfant naturel d’une charmante demi-mondaine. Ida est affectueuse, gaie, chaleureuse, mais insouciante, égoïste, superficielle. Jack aime sa mère passionnément, malgré ses défauts. Malheureusement, Ida est plus « femme » que « mère »…

Ceux qui ont aimé Le Petit Chose apprécieront également, j’en suis sûre, ce jeune garçon, ce jeune adolescent, qui lui ressemble comme un frère.
social_order  audio-books  Daudet  novels  French_language  cultural_history  Industrial_Revolution  19thC  working_class  social_history  French_lit 
june 2017 by dunnettreader
MIRBEAU, Octave – Le Journal d’une femme de chambre | Litterature
Donneuse de voix : Victoria | Durée : 13h 25min | Genre : Romans

Ce Journal d’une femme de chambre est celui de Célestine, au Mesnil-Roy, en Normandie. Les événements ne manqueront pas pour colorier son quotidien.

Un quotidien qu’elle consigne avec « toute la franchise qui est en elle et, quand il le faut, toute la brutalité qui est dans la vie » : voilà le prétexte rêvé pour Mirbeau de brosser au scalpel une étonnante galerie de portraits, dans une violente satire des mœurs provinciales et parisiennes de la Belle Époque.

Le roman connut un vif succès à sa parution, il est aussi le plus célèbre de Mirbeau.
social_order  elite_culture  French_lit  19thC  French_language  cultural_history  social_history  novels  working_class  Belle_Epoque  audio-books 
june 2017 by dunnettreader

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